OCR Interpretation

The Nevada journal. [volume] (Nevada City, Calif.) 1851-18??, April 19, 1851, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of California, Riverside; Riverside, CA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026884/1851-04-19/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

VOL. 1.
Office on the corner of Broad and i’ino
For one year, in advance 89,00
Six months, 0,00
Throe months, 3,00
One month, 1,00
Single copits 15 cts.
(Jrj-Singlo copies of the first number, only one
No subscriptions received for loss time
tha. one mouth.
*>- ADVERTISEMENTS inserted on the
most reasonable terms. Deductions made to
yearly advertisers.
A Steamer Edition will bo made up pre
vious to the departure of each Semi-monthly
Steamer, continuing all the matter of the four
preceding numbers, and prepared exprcsrly for
circulation iu the Slates. Price twenty-fivo
cents per copy.
Attached to the Printing Office ,of the
Journal, is a
Furnished with material for every description
of Book, Job and Fancy Printing. We
are prepared to c xecule orders for—
Potters Hand b 11-,
Circuit's, Bill heads,
Certificates of Stock,
and Book Work
of every description, In the beat style, and at
prices aa low as the same description of
•work can be obtained in any part of
Slaving been to great expense In locating
tbß first Prtlillh£Press which haa ever been
««t*hHph*d nor- M fV ,' r s’ n* of ibo S’oirs
'Vadik, lit • • . * a f.- ■ : wiV *
•’deal i*• of »• r »i. • » -oil un*!
> *habitants of / rr
I’-, non v alt. : r.) l wi%}
i / no Uav *ui f*'rib -■? t a• J :.i c i
Jiiverlisj.i pnoers 1 .»! ■* • '■>
tew •! £ >l‘ r nmiua w;.h tV 4 * : -
olfii** a! publication
\V L> I. 1 U!' ■
fa's f
Thort«fr Grass Valley .
E Wl'llbbeKi —'ttoagb and Heady.
i UUfnk iidbg*—sSnT rancisco. • d*,'
From the Honolulu Pvlyntaian of t'ebrua
ry Bth wo gather the following particulars
relative to the commerce of the Sandwich
Islands for the year 1850.
The gross receipts for the Customs during
the year were $121,506 73, being an in
crease of $38,375 41 over the year 1849.
The value of domestic exports for
1850, $380,322 C 3
Increase 275,578 89
Gross value of imports for 1850 1,053,058 70
Iv«rcr«e, 323,3t9 26
Nett consumption for 1850,... .1,(8)6,028 98
Increase 383,891 61
The comparative value of imports from
the principal countries trading with tho Is
lands will appear from the following table ;
1849. 1850.
United 5tate5,...5239,247 42 $283,037 49
California, 131,505 89 305 913 28
Great Britain,.. 44,578 11 63,987 69
British Colonies. 52,621 59 114,782 11
China, 95,787 27 109,124 19
Items of Domestic Export from the
Islands fob 1849 and 1850.—1 n 1849, 18
vessels arrived at Lahaina, while in 1850 127
arrived, a largo proportion of which took in
Sugar, lbs,
Molasses, gals, 41,235
Syrup, gals none
Coffee, lbs 28,231
Salt, bids, 2,866
Hides, lbs, ..; 2.5ta
Irish Potatoes, bids,.
Sweet “ “ .
Cocoanuts, none
Melons, 1,000
Bine Apples, none
JTowls, none
Arrowroot, lbs, none
JTJic whplo number of merchant vessels that
visited the islands in.. 1848.... was.... 90
In 1849 “ 180
In 1850.....“ 469
Humber of whalers in.. 1849 ‘‘....274
“ “ “ ~1850 '• 237
■Vessels of war, &c, 1849 “. ...49
" “ 1850 .“ 13
Tho supplies furnished to these vessels a
mountedin 1849..t0 $81,340
“ “ 1850 1 140,000
The total value of imports for con
sumption Is, $1,006,5*8 97
Value of ex ports aud supplies, 530,622 68
Excess of imports, $470,005 36
Of this excess a considerable amount has
bacn in the sugar raihs, and agricultural im
plements for the cultivation of the soil ad
mitted duty free by government. Another
portion was introduced by consuls aud mis
sions, for consumption and not for sale.
Capt. W». Wai.do. — A memorial has
been passed in the Missouri Legislature, pray
ing Congr ss to consider services rendered to
Californian emigrants by William Waldo,
and to grant him such relief, and make h : ni
•■acli acknowledgments, as his noble exertions
in behalf of suffering humanity so richly
Remaining in
Nevada City, for
April Ist, 1851.
Abbe D
Adams Howard 2
“ SamlM 5
Ayer P C
Allman Heyman 2
Andrew Wni
Aldrich I) M 2
Alden Philo
Alley Join
Agnew Abraham
Anderson Sami L
Aruale R oh C
Asher Eta
Atwood James P R
“ J W
“ Tbos
Awbery Jus
Ayer Osborne
Becker Thco
Betsell VV K
Barnett B J
Best John M
Ballard VJm
Belknap G
Becham Henry
Beachy Hillary 2
Beltry Francis ami
Dani el
Baker Wni
Barnett James
Benson J C
Berks Wm A
Barreto Wjn
Barrengartncr John
Be vans Jas H
Bishop Sami N
Blow Wm Y
Bickncll H V
. P
. •> V u n
m;-• M
i icy l a M
nton Thos
dull Win
Bonnam J J
Bullock W R
Breeding Prior
Broughton Benj
Bradbury James
Btmhfjjnan VV II
Brewer Joseph
Bushc.ell Joseph
Boalz Ed E
Broch Oliver Y
Blackwell Sylvestus
Bram on And J
Brown A L
Buokheo Dr John R
Blythe John 2
Burns Andrew
the Post Office at
the quarter ending
Delaplain C T
Daolinton D N 3
Darren George
Dickey Dr D R
Deforest Smith
Dashiell Benj
Degarnett Joseph 2
Deck J A
Deeds Philip
Dorherty John
Dougherty Rich
Dumunt Mrs
Dersey C S
Dunn J S
Dossling Dr C J
Daggett Silas
Driver J C VV
Dorsey Rev M
Dunn J|P
Dudley Henry
Dunning J S
Kbsmcth Wm
Edwards T E M
“T A 2
Ely F N 2
“ Isaac
Elkin Wni
Elliott Wm II
Elder A J
Ellison Gideon
Essey Henry
Evans G W
Fcckcr M
Fleming Mr W
Feuning A P
Ford David
!’ ■ erald E D
; din John
. iGU
I- tain Joshua
1 • IH w
Furman W B
Faroes Edward
r; Enoch
T ton M L
Fugate Wm H
& Co
ampbell Wm
hinn Holla W
hild Andrew
arl Wm C
assti.lt J D
iinnou Tlico S
nstles Sami
hutohill James
hew M B
lark James II 2
hiek W H
aso Henry 2
ampbell Jas II
hatfield Silas P
anopboll VV B
apelles Henry
bamhers J
an non Wm
loveland Asaph
“ Albert
lark Mrs R S
“ Mr 2
lepper Mr 2
loveland Dr C 1)
oon Christian 2
ross James
juris Walter H
ornisli Edmund
usliman Obod
uoroy Patrick
rogo Paul 2
oker P T
ook James
asino Albert
ox Henry A
urtis Dan
ummings Hiram
ourtney Silas
ox J W' 2
utler Dr S II
urren Benj
ravens Sam T
oonrod J 11
ooko Aug B
ane Jas S
ranmoro St Clair
abort! Benj
olton E W
ook Eli
racheron J H
urtis Sam F
rarv S H D
eguirt Napoleon
avis L P
“ T F
Mathew M
Alex B
illon Morgan
Gassraan C
Gallaher J F
Gillespie S G
George Sam
Green Hanna
Gardner E B
Glary Lawrence
Gholion Benj
Griffith George
Gordon VV'rn G
Grandfield D M
Griffith Evan
Green John
2 Gore John
Gregory J F
Harrington Nelson
Haverhill Clark
Henry George VV
" Hatton J J S
• Hale Samuel
Housar Bernard
Hensly T P
Howly A D or B F
Harlan Dr S G
Honoli Theodore
' Hail J
( Henry J C 1
' Hendricks John
iicnry S G
Hawmans John D
Hanna Andrew
Hamilton J A
Harrington Nelson
Hamelton James
Hall John
Hendricks G D
Harlow John
Hamblin H
Hall J F
Hnrrall John
Hafford Warren G
Helms Aaron
Honch Theo& Jno
Hill F’ranklin
Hillbutn Francis P
Hickman H A
Higgins M O 1
Huff John
Hughs Enoch G
Hurd J
Holhert J M
Hollis J W
Holmes M H
Hood R C
Hughes David M
Hopkins Reuben
'• Thomas
Holmes Nath R
Hank George
Hughes H M
Holman Joseph
H ughton VV
Hastcrmun Sam
Hubhcll A H •
Haskins William
Hooper Win *
Inman James
Janison Albert
Jenkins Sam Ncsbit & Nieholls
Jefferson Robert Newby JfV
Jasper & New!anga-Nobb F & L m
Jamison Mr
James Moses
Sameson J*bn
Jacks Wm
Johnston Robert
Jones A.
“ Mr
Judd Wm
Justice James
Jones J M
Johnson J R
Johnson James
Jordon H F
Jonstoa Lamar
Johnson J G
Judy .Samuel
Jones J H
Keith Lewis
Kenair Thomas
Kelly James
“ Jacob
Kimair Thos *
Kindle Wm
Klepper Wm
Kloppenstine A
Kyle William
Lair Dennis
Lake John
Lano H J
“ J B
Lager B A
Lampse H Y
Larah W G
Larue Francis
Lean Stephen
Leonard Cbaa
Leslie L S
Lester Noah
Lewis J K
Lichlcr John
Lihgtnor John
Lilly Lewis
Norman Isaac
“ IF
North G IF
Nutter JFilliam
Osgood Lewis V
Pago F S
Pain F m
Palmer J C
Panott John
Parker Christman
I’arkison G IF
Parrott Charles
Parham John B
Parmulcr A J
Patterson John
“ G IF
Pearce S L
I’oarser Edward
Peot J m
Peek J S
Perry T A
Peters Benjamin
Pratt 11 F
Pino W 11
Portle John
Pollock John
Porter Joseph
Powell J laniel
Priddy IFm B
Price J U
Purdy J II
“ John
Turtle diaries
Purdem John A
Quarles David.
Ralston IFestly
Rainhee Calvin
llebyc J S
Lillard Clmstophcr iiceJ Mat hew
Lindley Thos R ee d & Edwards
Lincoln M M
Diidgor David
Lingo Benjamin
Little Doct
“ J S
“ Seth
Looland W A H
Lingtur Moisa
Lord E G
Larimm A J
“ John
Lewer Jefferson
Reith Joseph
Rentch David
Biggie G G
Riley J P
Robison BF
Roberts E S
Hoddin John
Iloilgers A m
“ David
•• J IF
Ross Hugh
“ Joseph P
Jeffersonjjone Ama/.iah u
‘ , s V w llU)n o Howen m m
Luccool S W 2 Ragen j 0
Rucker Richard H
Russell W G
Ryder Absalom
Lule A
Lyte Cyrus G
Linch William
Magruder F M
Madrell F T
Manlovc D F
Martin Augustus
Mark C. K 2
Marshall VV H
Marcel J C
March J B
Marrs Alexander
Martin Fat
Markley Allen
Matteson O F
“ Hiram
Mathicn Felix
Mathews John
Maybanks J B
May how A F
Maxwell Andrew
McArthur John
MoKlrny Chaa
McKee J VV
McKey II W
McKeat VVm
McCrary Mathew
Me Boy 'I hoinas
McClung Ephram
McClintoek A F
McLaughlin Mich
McLuro Wm
“ Sami 2
“ Jno
McCord R W
Meade Dr Daniel 2
Meek Alx
Merni Varnum
Midduugh Beni
Miller Wm T
“ J VV
“ David
.Muller D E
Mills 11 C
Minor Franklin
Mohney Samuel
Moloney Patrick
Minson Dr .Moody
Munroe VV T 2
Moor Isaac L
“ William
Morse N D
Morris L G or G VV
Mott F VV
Morysoam L E S
“ Edward
Murry Mieheal
“ Jacob
Musgrovo Elibu
Meyscetcr Henry
Myers J T
\al b R m
Nelson J D
Said Jesse
Sanches Joseph
Sanford B U
Sando B’m
Savero Joint
Sechorhcr Alfred
Sewell Martin
Segntur Harry
Seigler Robert
Sherman B m 2
Sheppard C C
Sbinman B' E
Shrcmaker A II
Sidwell Joseph
Simpson John 2
•• Henry D
o B'm H
Simple Samuel
Smith B m H 2
“D c 2
*• Richard
“ F c
“ B F
“ Thompson
Snead IF G
“ John B
Snider Jonathan
Solobcrger Dr
Somers L R
Seward Dewitt
Sperry B E
Speckardt John
Shadding Kirk
Starkweather <' G
Steele F S
Stephenson B m
11 Norvell
Stewart W S
Stoddardt Bcnj 3
Stone Beniamin
Strother B c
Sturvison IF B
Styles M m
Tanner IFH
Taylor J H
•• Bm
Temple J IF 2
Terrill Edward
Thach G H 5
Thompson John
Thory J H 2
Todd Dr B F
Tolstin B'm
'J'ower G IF
Tr*\ is Hull 2
Trasko m B
Tasman Julius
Trickle John
Truai E H
Tufts Samuel
Tyne David
Nalancingham D
Vorbock Henry
Vincent S R
“ A L
tTado Samuel
If adlington David
If ait Burton
If aisman Henry
Ifaldcn Maklin
walling Ransom 2
Wallace L
wardner F S
ward T
warren Nathl
Warner D S
washburn Lcandcr
waterman Richard
wathern J D
wcbb Auspcll
weeks R S
“F S 3
welden Lockhart
wells David
wemplc Peter
wheelinff J H
1 wheeler Luther
“ Alexander
Whittington H
whitaker PS 6
white J A
whiteside w 11
“ Thos
wickrugi George
wilder Edward
wilson David
“ Greenup
“ Thomas
williams James
“ major
“ James M
“ R
“ Robert
wiltr.cr win H
willerts vrra H
wisson Lorcnr.o
wiseman James
wood J H
“ w n
“ wm
“ 1 w 4
wolcott L B
wolgrant Joseph 2
woolf Jones
wooley diaries
worrill John
wright John
• -wyatt Dr R c
wynkoop J J 2
wyman Ephraim
The following communication is from
n practical miner, now at work in this
neighborhood. It is timely and sugges
tive. As we have elsewhere stated, ws
intend to make the Journal, emphatical
ly a miners paper. Wo wish to make it
a medium of communication between
miners themselves, as well as a vehicle
of intelligence to miners. Wo hope to
hear from our correspondent often, and
hope that others will communicate from
time to time such facts and observations
as may coifio under tiioir notice, which
may be of value to the mining public.—
Mr. Emroß: —In behalf of the peo'
pie of this rich mining region, I hail with
peculiar satisfaction the establishment
of a press among us. Such an enter
prise deserves the liberal patronage of
this community, and I trust that you
will bo greatly prospered in your under
taking. Some people regard such an
enterprise at the present time as pro
mature, butiu a country like ours, where
everything is conducted with rail-road
speed, where towns and cities grow up
in a fewweeks, it is difficult to tell what
the future may dovclope, or what enter
prise may be called premature.
A well conducted press, by its moral
and intellectual influence, as well as the
diffusion of information, is valuable in
any community. To this community we
think it may bo very useful. The pros
perity of this portion of the Country
depends upon its mineral resources.—
11 they are discovered to bo incaansta
ble, then a character of pcrnmnancy will
be given to our towns and villages, which
will greally tend to promote their pros
perity. At present differences of opinion
prevail on this subject, consequently
few are disposed to make investments
in property whose value is subject to be
come greatly depressed instead of being
enhanced as is usually the result in ag
ricultural or commercial sections of the
country. By the invention of useful im
plements, improvement of the soil and
economy in ihe various operations of til
lage, the scientific agriculture of the
present day is as much superior to that
of former times as the highly improved
plough is to the wooden stick formerly
employed to loosen the earth. In like
manner improvements may be made in
mining ; anil it is the duty of all who
have made discoveries or improvements
to make them public. Within a few
months important improvements and
discoveries have been made in this vici
nity which have contributed greatly to
the prosperity of tins city. I have con
versed with miners who professed tohavs
made important dicovcries in. saving
gold, which they kept secret. This is
not right. The gold mines are the basi,-
of our prosperity but the continuance
of that prosperity depends upon improved
economical method of separating it from
the earth or quart? us it becomes less
Let miners therefore freely cominmu
nicato with each other through the me
dium of your paper on this subject, and
thoughts may be struck out whi h will
tend to advance gold mining as much
above its present condition as civilization
is in advance of barbarism. *
[Special Corre»pond«nce.]
Sacramento Citt, April 8 1851.
Friend Ewer : Pursuant to prem
ia®, I now proceed to indite a few lines
for the “Nevada Journal,” of which
I hav« the honor of being the original
projector, but owing to a combination
of circumstances, 1 was unable to carry
through as I anticipated. Now, as you
have entered into the enterprise, 1 wish
you abundant success, and hope the in
telligent ciliacns of Nevada and vicini
ty, will not fail to duly appreciate your
efforts to promote the interests of that
section of California, as well as furnish
ing a medium by which all may bo edi
fied and instructed.
All hail, thou herald of glad ti
dings, from the golden regions of the
white mantled Sierra Nevada ! where
compaiatively, but a few days ago roam
ed naught 'hut the grizley bear, and the
wild and untutored Shothutte Indians!
thou great arehimcileanleverof Yankee
enterprise, whoso light and power is the
grand arch upon which is built the civil
and religious liberty of you
he the fore-runner of many such enter
prises in the golden-bound hills and
valleys of California!
During last week, the earth here
abouts was favored with frequent,copi
ous showers of ruin, which has a very
beneficial influence in promoting the
growth of vegetation. For the last two
or thee days, however, the sky has been
beautiful and clear, while the fays of
beat from “old .Sol" have been just suf
ficiently warm to bo pleasant. The
trees are all out in their beautiful spring
robes of green, while the little birds
keep up a continual concert of merry
“There is a voice which haunls mo still,
Where’er on earth I he
In lonely vale, or lolly hill,
Ami on (ho distant era;
I hear it in the silent night,
And at the break of morn:
And, aye it cristh—dark or light—
Man was not made to mourn 1"
All nature proclaims that nothing was
made to mourn. The bright-faced sun—
the calm silvery moon, and the glitter
ing stars—all sing together of this grand
truthlin one unceasing song, and echo
ing earth answers to their sweet strains.
If the world were intended for a house
of mourning, every flower would he
painted black—every bird would bo a
crow or a black-bird —everybody would
bo bom a savage—the ocean would bo a
vast ink-pot—a black veil be drawn over
the face of heaven, and an everlasting
string of empo hung around the borders
of creation. When 1 look around and
sec how bright and cheerful is the gen
eral aspect of things—how eartlv exults
in her joyous spring-timo—how glorious
m the pride of her summerhood, and
how calmly, smilingly beautiful in her
autumnal decay; lam bound to the
conclusion that nothing upon God's green
cushioned footstool was ever intended to
•Sacramento city is fast assuming tiro
caste of older cities of tho States. The
holy Sabbath is beginning to be respect
ed by tho different classes of our citi
ir.ons ; tho mechanic now lays down his
| tools, the merchant closes his store, tho
teamster refuses to “hitch up” his team,
and every body appears to join in paying
due dcfferenco to this holy, and tims
honored day. Tho ladios of our oity,
who uro increasing in number, as well
as respectability, and to whose presence
this reformation may justly bo attribu
ted—may ho also seen on each Sabbath,
either wending their way to some ahurch,
or taking a ride, or walking tho str act
or suburbs of our city, all “neatly done
up” in silks, satins and ribbons. Bless
their dear little souls'.
There is a fair amount of business do
ing In this city at the present time, aud
consequently our merchants, mechanics
and dealers generally, arc in tolerable
good spirits. Tho Auction marts arc
well attended ; the,steamers plying be
tween bore and the Hay, as well as those
running up to Marysville, aro generally
heavily loaded with merchandise, and
numerous passengers. There aro six
steamers now running to Sail Francisco,
tho faro of which ranges from $5 to sll.
Quite a rise Las taken place in the river
sine® Tuesday last; owing to tin ruins,
and melting snow in tho mountains.—
I'ho water is at least eight feet higher
than it was a week ago. It is still on
tho rise, and may possibly test tho
strength and utility of our Levoe. The
health of the city is remarkably good at
present, only three deaths from natural
[causes last week.
1 shall write vou again shortly.
't'Ko Phenomena »f Death.
To be sliot dead is one of the easiest
inodes of terminating life ; yet, rapid as
it is, the body has leisure to feel and
reflect. On the first attempt by one
of the frantic adherents of Spain to as
sassinate William, Prince of Ofttngo,
who took the lead in the rerolt of the
Netherlands, the ball passed through
the bones of the face, and brought him
to the ground. In the instant that pre
ceded stupefaction, he was able to frame,
the notion that the ceiling of the room
i laid fallen and crushed him. The can-.
' non shot which plunged into the brain
|of Charles XII, did not prevent him
from seizing his sword by the hilt.—
The idea of an attack and the necessity
for defence was impressed upon him,
by a blow which we should have sup
posed too tremendous to leave an in
terval for thought. Hut it by no means
follows that the infliction of vital vio
lence is accompanied by a pang.—
From whUt is known of the first effect
of gunshot wounds, it is probable that,
the impression is rather stunning than
acute. Unless death be immediate, the
pam is assarted as the nature ot the *
injuries, and these are past counting
But there is nothing singular in the
dying sensations, though Lord Byron*,
remarked the physiological peculiarity,
that the expression is invariably that
of languor, while in death from a stab
the countenance reflects the traits of
natural character, of gentleness or
i ferocity, to the last breath. Some of
these cases are of interest to show with
what slight disturbance life may goon
1 under a mortal wound till it suddenly
aomes to a final stop, A foot soldier
; at Warterloo, pierced by a musket ball
: iu the hip, begged water from a trooper
> who chanced to possess a canteen of'
f beer. The wounded man drank, re
turned his heartiest thanks, mentioned
khaWiis rjpment was nea rly^Xgffff? 0
t minated, and having proceeded a dozen
[yards in his way to the rear, fell to the
J'jarth, and with one convulsive move
pent of his limbs concluded his career.
(“Yet his voice,” says the trooper, who
himself tells the story; “gave scarcely
the smallest sign of weakness.”
C aptain Basil Hall, who in his early
youth was present at the battle of
Corunna, has singled out, from the con
fusion which consigns to oblivion the
woes and gallantry of war, another in
stance, extremely Similar, which oc
curred on that occasion. An old offi
cer, who wMshot in the bead, arrived,
pale and faint, at tho temporary hos
pital, and begged the surgeon to look
at his wound, which was pronounced
to bo mortal. “Indeed, I feared so,”
he responded, with impeded utterance,
“and yet I should like very much to
live a little longer, if it were possible.”
lie laid his sword upon a stone at his
side, “as gently,” says Hall, “as if its
steel had been turned to glass, and al
most immediately sunk dead upon tho
turf.”—Quarterly Review.
Tb« Stole Debt.
The Sacramento Transcript, in an
article upon the State debt of Califor
nia, remarks:
“The debt of California is but as u
trifle when weighed in the balance
with the older Slates of tho Union**—
It is insnilkient to cause any distrust
in her ability to pay, and we, arc sur
prised that the bonds of the (State and
her warrants should have depreciated
as they have. It may be urged that
California has no means to liquidate
the claims against her, save by taxation
—that she has no public improvements
which will yearly affora her a revenue.
Let it be remembered that in but twq,
•States of the American Union tho
revenue arising from public improve
ments pays tho interest on the original
cost of (he internal improvements, tho
railroads and the canals which have
been constructed. There are in Cali
fornia thousands, aye millions of acres
of lands which should belong to the
•Slate. Exclusive of the war loan, our
debt is only half a million, and with it
the debt will only amount to one million
of dollars. This is a trilling sura when
we consider our facilities for its ex
A Plight Mistake —Ait editor
summing up the virtues of a soap boiler
lately deceased, concluded his eulogy
with the usual phrase of ‘‘peace to his
ashes.” The remark gave great of
fence to tho family, one of whom
threatened tlm editor with personal
A novel gun has been patented by
Mai item, of London, the peculiar fea
ture of which is, that 70 round*- may
he tired without stopping to prime-
NO. 1

xml | txt