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A. A. SARGENT AND AT. G. ALBAN. L. Thursday Morning, Jan. 8. A. A. Sargent, of the Journal ‘t Nevada this morning on a ir to the Atlantic States. He goes business, with the intention ot re •ning again in four or five months, le readers of the Journal, however, 11 not lose the benefit of his pen, as will furnish them with an account what he sees and hears while on way there and during his stay, by ,y of Editorial Correspondence, ich cannot fail to be of interest to r readers. During his absence, E. E. Budd II assist in the Editorial department the paper, and will spare no pains endeavoring to make the Journal ;eptable and interesting. While ivity will be our aim, we will give satisfactory an account of passing ;nts, as possible—always endeavor to treat subjects of importance h perfect fairness. The Case of Thrasher. The treatment of Mr. Thrasher, in ba, an account of which will be nd in our columns, exhibits enor ies and outrages upon an Ameri > citizen that call for the decided erposition of the American Govern nt. Whatever may have been the duty the United States Government in ;ard to the Lopez expeditionists, 1 the necessity of preserving her ional character from the imputation ;ountenanciiig attempts on the part her citizens to disturb the integrity neighboring governments—whalev policy she may feel it necessary to ,-sue where, her citizens place them ves beyond her legal protection, it er duty, by all the sacred obliga js of humanity, by every principle liberty, by the inviolability of her zens’ rights on her own soil or else-, sre, to demand with firmness and usion, holding non«compliance as Rcient casus belli, that John rasher, an American citizen, ely and opprsssively held in du ce in Cuba, treated as a felon, with irs unknown to American law, rburdened with insult, and depriv of the most common facilities for ense and redress, be immediately sased from such tyrannical usage, 1 fully indemnified for the injuries has suffered. The history of the jsecution, or persecution, of Mr. irasher is an instance of the incon tency and virulence of a tyrannical vernment, when in is desirous to X rid of, or destroy those who are t its supporters. Mr. Thrasher was rbidden to edit the Faro Industrial (cause he was an American citizen; )t he is now arrested charged with eason against the Queen’s Govern' ent. The most dastardly plots were id to entrap him in such a manner to give color to the doom already tended to fall upon him. He was nfined in n noisome dungeon for eeks before trial, and on “trial,” Ith a defensor or counsel in the inter ,t of the government, called upon to ake his defense, without hearing the targes preferred against him, with e most ingenious malignity distort g his remarks till the wretched farce ' trial is ended by the pronunciation ' a penalty but one remove, if that, om death—and all to a man inno nt in deed or word of revolutionism * incendiarism. Spain cannot justify this treatment i the ground that Thrasher is a panish subject, for the Cuban author jes forbade his continuing the occu ition of editor in Cuba, because he as not a subject of the Queen. And brasher is not a Spanish subject; though in obedience to the Spanish, atute he took out, several years ago earta de domicilio, he has never had ' renewed, or followed it up by any her step towards naturalization ; and I nee that time he has spent over a i at a time in the United States. 1 hat he never has lost his American i tizenship is evinced by those facts, ii id .Spain can never resist the de and for his release while the record Mnains of his interdiction for pursu .g the occupation of editor in Cuba icaute he was not a Spanish subject. \ he treatment of Mr. Thrasher then resumes usen into w-gross outrage on an American citizen, in defiance of both treaty stipulations and natural justice, which calls for the prompt and effective interference of the United States, if her citizens are to enjoy any degree of security or respect in any section of the world. This govern ment will evince a great disregard for its own dignity, and the preservation of its citizens, if .Spain is not com pelled to render to this late victim of its jealous and malignant enmity, am ple recompense for the wrongs heaped | upon him. The Gold Hill Quartz Co. at Grass Valley took out on Monday last for twenty four hours’ work with eighteen stamps, f >m the troughs alone, two hundred a ' five ounces of amalgam , worth about nine dollars to the ounce. There was probably about fifty oun ces more in the tables. The company crushed to obtain this result, about twenty five tons of quartz. The ave rage for the previous week’s work had been about the same amount as for the day mentioned. Being on the spot, as we were, and seeing the metal, was convincing proof of this “gold story” at least. We wish some of our cotemporaries who are skeptical, if there are any at this day, of the pro duct of quartz leads, would come up and watch the operations of the Neva da quartz companies that arc in opera tion. GuA.sa Valley grows daily in size and improvement. Vi e were particu larly struck with the great alteration for the better in this thriving place, on a recent visit, the first one for se veral weeks. A fine saw mill is ope rating at the upper end of the valley, new houses are being erected constant ly, and a most permanent prosperity seems to have settled down on this truly mining town. A speeimcn of gold bearing quartz was shown us on Monday evening, which had been taken from Kentucky Ridge, near Newtown, of the rich est kind. It weighs some six pounds, pnd is supposed to contain about S2OO worth of gold. This is said to be an exceedingly rich lead throughout, but no machinery has yet been put in operation. On Tuesday evening, we witnessed one of the moat beautiful phenome na of Nature. Though the sky was clear and a full moon, for some two hours we were wrapped in almost to tal darkness, and ‘‘the moon was turn ed to blood.” According to the laws of Nature, it is impossible for the moon in an eclipse to remain for a much longer time in total obscurity. We first witnessed it about nine o’clock and a little before eleven a small por tion of it was revealed with its natural brightness. Lower Gold Tunnel. —Soma gentle man connected with the tunnel at Deer Creek, immediately below the celebrat ed Gold Tunnel, have exhibited to tie some specimens of their lead which in dicate as rich a deposit in that portion ef the vein as in that which has obtain ed soch wide reputation. The quartz is greatly decomposed, strongly impreg nated with and discolored by iron, and the specimens exhibited to us were full of gold- A lead in which such speci mens oan be found must contain heavy fortune*). We wish the proprietors as extended reputation and as rich profits as their neighbors up the hill have had. With the evidences we daily meet, we must hold to our opinion that Ne vada is the richest mining county in the State. Haworth & Swift’s line of stages is the only one that has t continued to run through the stormy weather. A stage of this line now arrives regular ly every evening. The enterprise of the proprietors is worthy of public en couragement. At our lateit advices all was quiet at Careon’t Hill, the Uaion and Louiiiana companies having peacea ble possession. The Land Commission. —Amoag the arrivals on the Northerner were Judge Thornton, the remaining member of the Laad Commission, and Mr. Carr, Secre tary of the Board. The Commission is now complete, and ready to enter upon the discharge of their duty. Judge Hill is still in delicate health, but so far recovered as to be able to attend to business. The rumor that he intend ed to resign, is said to be unfounded. inruugu vjregbryg express we have received the Calaveras Chronic cle and other papers of a late date.— From the Chronicle we glean the fol lowing items of news: Some very rich surface diggings have been discovered near Angel’s Camp, from which the miners are re alizing good wages. The canal from the North branch of the Calaveras to San Andres is return ing good profits to its proprietors, and is a source of great benefit to the mi ners. 7’here are not many chances in this neighborhood for “large strikes,” but the prospect is good for a continuance of fair wages. The sluicing operation has been commenced at Murphy's diggings, with fair prospects of success. A ca nal six miles long has been completed to supply the miners here with water. The miners at Douglas’ Flat have suspended the operation of hauling dirt as they n»w have plenty of water on the flat. They seem content with their wages. On Stockton Hill, a party of eight men realized fifty ounces from one day’s washing of dirt previously taken out of a cayote hole. A Committee of Vigilance has been formed at Mokelumne Hill. A man by the name of George Caldwell, from New York, was drown ed within half a mile of Pickering’s Bar, on Monday of last week, while attempting to cross Mokelumne river. Mr Mann, Treasurer of Mariposa county, was murdered while on a col lecting tour. He had about him SiMO for which he was killed. Persons, merchants, occasionally say to us, we do not take the local paper, because we wish to take papers from below. Very well. Take the papers from below. It is a good idea. But take the local paper also. The direct bene fits of the local paper to you, friend, ore not confined to what you find in its co lumns. By circulating intelligence in relation to the region in which it is pub lished, it makes that region well-known, and draws people toil; and these peo ple are your customers. It is your great gain to havo tbe paper so en couraged that the proprietors can afford to make it a standard sheet. The ge neral character of the California press will compare with that of any section of the world, for ability or purity of ten dency, and it is a most excellent idea to encourage the press of the whole State. But wo do not design that any paper, not published in this section, shall bo more interesting to our readers than we make the Journal. Women and Children. —We learn from the Picayune that the Northerner brought forty married and seven un married ladies, and twenty children ; the Gold Hunter, seventeen married and nine unmarried ladies, and eighteen children ; making seventy-three ladies end thirty-eight children arriving in one day. Personal —We are glad to wel come the return to our city of our friend and fellow citizen Dr. J, Lark, who has been on a visit to his friends in the Atlantic States. He returns to make California his permanent home. Our friend Borradaile, has a few bas kets of that e xcellent charapaine left. Give him a cal) Niagara Falli.— We find it stated that the entire portion of the ledge upon which the obseivatory at Niag ara halls stands, is cracked, and is considered to be in a very dangerous condition, as the whole structure, in cluding the observatory, is liable to be swept away. Fatal Accident.—William Allison, °f.Hannibal, Missouri, engaged in cayste raininj; near Shasta City, was killed on the 17 th December, by the bank caving in upon him.—[Union. HUThe population of Michigan ac cording to the census of last year, is 397,659, of whom 2,557 are colored. Manufacturing establishment 1,979. B®»The population of Arkansas is 209,639, of whom 589 are free colored, and 46,982 slaves. Manufacturing es tablishments 271. Sentenced to Death. —Antonia Lopez, found guilty of the murder of Mr. -Foster, policeman, and Otto Grunzig, found guilty oi the murder of his wife by poison, received sentence of death in New York on the 29th November last. They are both to be hung on the 23d of Jan. Laroc Lump ot Gold. —We learn that a lump of nearly pure gold, weigh ing seventy-five ounces, was found on ■Spanish Flat, near Auburn, on New Year’s day. A good beginning for the year. •Qf* The Nevada Jocbral for the steamer of the 15th is now ready for delivery. nr viimm sur Liprtss ARRIVAL OF THE STEAMER NORTHERNER. Two Weeks later from the Atlantic S’atcs. bread/id Accident in Nete York—Settle ment of the Spaniih Difficulties, etc. The Pacific Mail Steamship Compa ny's steamer Northerner arrived at San Francisco on Thursday night last, at half past eleven o’clock. She brings up 540 passengers, and made the run inside of fifteen days. The Northerner was detained at Pa n ma in consequence of a freshet on the t hagros river, which prevented the mails and passengers crossing in the usual time. The freshet was the cause of the loss of much property in Cruces and other towns on the river. Wo are indebted to Adams & Co, for full tiles of papers from the Atlantic States. We are also indebted to Gregory’s Express for files of papers from the States and Europe. The N. Y. papers give an account of one of the most fatal and lamenta ble casualities that ever occurred in that city. It appears that, during an alarm created by the fainting of one of the female teachers, in the Ward School No. 20, located in Greenwich avenue, the children, about eighteen hundred in number, rushed down the stairs for the purpose of reaching the street.— While doing so, the balustrade gave way, causing the fall of a great number of them to the floor beneath. This, of course, increased the terror and ex citement of the little ones. The scene which followed is indescribable. As might be expected, the loss of life was dreadful. It is known that forty-two were killed by falling from the stairs, or from bruises and injuries, and that others are likely to die. A Washington correspondent of the New York Herald writes as follows in relation to the Cuban affair : The Spanish difficulty has been ulti mately settled and arranged, and the friendly relations between the Secre tary of State and the Spanish Minister, Calderon de la Barca, are so far re-es tablished that the latter will dine to morrow with Mr. Webster. The basis of the arrangement is the s'.me ns that indicated in your correspondence some days ago. The claims will be recom mended in the message to Congress. It is not true that any official infor mation exists that the dead bodies of the prisoners executed were subjected to outrage ; on the contrary, the official information leads to the belief that the bodies were decently interred. True, other statements have been made, but they have no official confirmation. It is true that Commodore Parker has informed the government that the pri soners had no trial. He was specially instructed by the State Department to make inquiries into the matter. He waited upon the Captain General, who declined to receive him in a diplomatic capacity ; but at the same time, freely discussed the whole matter. The Spanish government holds that the stipulations of the treaty which re fer to American citizens, cannot be con strued as applicable to men who were outlawed by their own government, and who were taken within the Spanish wa ters, engaged in a piratical invasion of their soil. John S. Thrasher, who was arrested some time since in Havana, has been tried, found guilty of treason, and sen tenced to the chain-gang in Spain fur eight years. The trial is represented as being a perfect mockery of a legal investigation. Instructions have been sent to Judge Sharkey, the newly ap pointed Consul, to proceed immediately to Havana and demand his immediate release, or trial as an American citizen. The Spanish Minister has been furnish ed with a copy of the despatch. It is not improbable but that another diffi culty with Spain may grow out of this affair. The two branches of the Legislature of Tennessee have met in Convention and elected ex-Gov. Jones, Whig, U. S. Senator for six years from the 4th of March next. Hon. Robert Toombs has been elected U. S. Senator from Georgia. The members of Congress are be ginning to flock into Washington— all on the look-out for comfortable quarters. They are beginning to descant on the merits of the prominent men for Speaker of the House—a subject with which the Presidential question is somewhat mix ed up ; and every thing beiokens a long session and a great deal of political ma uoevenng. A severe storm is reported near Lake Ontario. The brig Empire is supposed to be lost. biRE in Philadelphia. —Nixon's cot ton factory was burned on the 12th of November by which four or five persons were burned to death, and several oth ers badly injured by jumping from the windows. A large fire occurred in Maiden Lane Aew Nov. Btb, in which property to the amount of fifty thousand dollars was destroyed. mjuij ampin taut 11VIII MB fFirRITT We have received copies of the San j Diego Herald of the 15th and 26th ult. j The news is of considerable inteicst. 1 We make the following extracts : We are indebted to Mr. Jones, one of Gen. Bean’s volunteers, for the follow ing important information : A detach ment of Capt. Fitzgerald's State troops arrived a few days since at San Isabel, short of provisions. They there learned from the officer belonging to Maj Heint zclman’s command, that this officer was attacked at the Cayotes, on Sunday last, by Clmpulgas, at the head of one hundred Indians. An engagement of a few minutes duration ensued, during which the Indians were entirely routed, leaving eight of their number dead on the field, Chapnlgas being among the slain. None of our troops were injured, although they received the enemy s fire at a distance of twenty-five yards. It appears that owing to our troops ap proaching the Cayotes by the pass lead ing upon the desert, Chapulgas mistook them for ft party of emigrants. A well directed fi e convinced them of their fatal error. Tho Indians fled to the mountains, hotly, but vainly pursued by our troops Some twenty-five or thirty of the enemy used rifles in the engage ment. In ransacking the rancherias at the Cayotes, letters were found signed by some of the native Californians, and addressed to Antonio, the contents of which prove the truth of the confessions we published last week. It is said that Antonio confesses that his party, pre vious to his capture, had killed forty five American^! Confession of Antonio Garra.-State ment made by Antonio Garra, in pre sence of Capt. Lovell, U. 5. A., General Bean, Col. Williams Myron Norton, and W. A, Hand; “I am a St. Louis llcy Indian ; was baptized in Mission St. Louis Key, and from ray earliest recollection have been connected with tho St. Louis Hey In dians. Have had authority over only a portion of the St Louis Key Indians; never ha i any connection with Cahuil las. Was appointed by Gen. Kearney commander-in-chief of the St Louis In dians, in 'he year 1847. Capt, Chapul gas and Capt. Vincenie, Cahuil as, came to my ranchcria and insisted on my go ing immediately to take command of the people, and Juan Largo, (Hon. J. J. War ner,) told me that the Americans would come in a few days and kill all the In dians. I excused myself to them by saying that I was sick, and tho respon sibility would all fall upon me. My people, in company with a party of Ca huillas, from Los Cayjies, started on Saturday, Nov. 23d, to rob Juan Largo's rancho. I stayed at home. They robbed the rancho of all tho cattle, and killed I three Americans; three of my people were also killed by Juan Largo. The Sonoranian boy who was in the employ of Warner, is now held a prisoner at Los Cayotes. The two men, named Bill Marshall and Juan Verde, had nothing to do with the transaction. I concealed them on purpose to keep them from a knowledge of it. Neither have those men taken any part in the hostilities practiced towards the Americans. They were entirely ignorentot what has been done. 1 was advised by Joaquin Ortego and Jose Antonio Estudillo, to take up arms against the Americans. They ad vised mo secretly, that if I could effect i i a juncture with the other Indian tribes of California, and commence an atiack upon all the Americans, wherever we could find them, that tho Californians would join with us, and help in driving the Americans from the country. They advised me to this course, that I might revenge myself for the payment of taxes which has been leman Jed of the Indian tribes. The Indians think the collec tion of taxes from them a very unjust measure. This advice was given me by Juan Ortega, on his (Ortega's) ranch. No other person was present at the time. I afterwards saw Antonio Estudillo, who advised mo to the same effect, assuring me of the co-operation of the Californians throughout the country. “ My men under arms have never ex ceeded 30 or 40 at any one time. I have had no communication with any other tribes than the Vumas and Ca huallas. The former agreed to join with me, but they subsequently refused. I only know of the readiness of the other tribes to combine and kill the Ameri cans from what Ortego told me. The reason that the Yumas did nut stick to their contract was, because of a quarrel about the division of the sheep which we had taken conjointly from the five Americans whom we killed In the affair with the men with the sheep, ten of my men were killed by the Ameri cans. The party with the sheep were killed this side the Colorado. 1 know of no murders committed by my people other than those of the men wiih the sheep, and those at Agua Caliente.— Know nothing about the killing of the ferrymen." Revolution in Lower California — We alluded, last week, to reports which had reached us in relation to troubles in that God-forsoken region, Lower Cal ifornia. The following extract from a letter, which wo received from Mr. Lawton a few days since, will show what foundation there was for the rumor : “In regard to the recent revolution here, the facte of the whole matter are these : Don Castillo Negrete was sent here by the Mexican Government, as “Gofe Politico," entrusted with S3OOO. Instead of bringing the money, he stole half of it. In consequence of his being a defaulter, the Commander, Don Jose Antonio Charvis, after waiting a month or two after he had arrived within two or three days travel of this place, for the money, went after it, and found that Negrete could not pay it; having used it for his own purposes—took him priso- and sent him to La Pais. h torn all the information I can get, the revolution was concocted by Ne grete, promising the prominent men con cerned, to share with them all that coujd be made out of the tvpj vessels that were wrecked on the coast this year past.’’ Whig Convention. At an adjourned meeting of the Whig* of Nevada county, held the sth inst, Judge Stanton Buckner was called to the ( hair and J. I. Sykes appointed Secretary The object of the meeting having been stated—the filling cf the County Cen tral Committee, and the appointment of delegates to the Whig State Conven tion to be held ut Vallejo on the 22d of February next—the following persons were selected ns said Committee . John Anderson, 1. T. Hirst, and J. I. Sykes. In addition to these gentlemen, by virtue of their office members of the ap proaching State Convention, the follow ing delegates were sclecteil from the State at large ; C. F. Smith, of Grass Valley, D. L. Harris, of Rough and Ready, Semple M. Journey, of Cayo tevillc. A. A. Sargent then offered the fol lowing resolutions, which wore adopted ns the sense of the meeting : Resolved , '1 hat to obtain an impartial and thorough representation of the Whig party of the State in any State Conven tion, it is necessary and proper to re quest Whigs in their primary capacity to elect having jimr 'parate doty of %le.iiationin charge. the course of the Whig State Central Committee, in assigning to expired organizations duties not de" signed at their creation, and which carl only rightly be conferred hy the party in each county for itself, is cent ary to correct usage, in contravention of Whig principles, and if generally followed would work serious injury to the Whig cause. Resolved, That as Whigs we hold fast to the pillars of sound national policy which have ever distinguished our party and go into the great approaching con test. confident in our principles, and determined that they shall have duo weight and representation in the na tional councils. Resolved, That the character of Mil. lard Fillmore is worthy of the admira tion of every American. Ilis sound and comprehensive views ; his moderate yet firm policy in all questions of contro versy. and Ins enlightened patriotism, place him beside, right worthily, him whoso exalted character made him the Father of his Country Resolved, J hat Millard h ill more is our first choice for the National Whig nomination for President of these States at the coming election—that the great attributes of wisdom and purity he has displayed may receive the direct stamp of the approbation of the pepple, and his enlightened administration be lon ger secured to the country. A resolution hehg passed that the proceedings be published in the Nevada Journal, the meeting adjourned. s. BUCKNER, Ch'n. J. I. Sykes, Sec'y, The Gov eh nor in Contempt. —U’o understand the Governor having refused to issue his commission to Mr. Kugeno Casserly, recently declared hv the Su preme Court, Printer of the .State, an alternative mandamus was directed by the District Court to the Gove;nor to show cause why a peremptory manda mus should not issue. To this no return was made, and the Court thereupon is sued a perempt ry mandamus to compel 'he Governor to issue his commission to said Casserly. 'I his also was disregard ed on the ground that the Judiciary had no right to interfere with the Kxeoutive upon which the Court fined Gov Mu Dougal SIOOO for contempt, and enjoin ed the Comptroller from paying him so much of his salary ns would satisfy the fine. - -•S’. F. Herald. I Later from Chiu.— Wo loam fiom | Capt. Iplard. of the Danish hrig dreas, arrived yesterday morning ffonj Antwerp, via Valparaiso, Nov. 14th, that quiet had been again restored in Valpa raiso, after three days hard fighting. So fierce was the contest that the balls flew off among the vessels that Isy at anchor in the harbor. All the foreign residents still kept their arms in read!' ness, in case of anoihor outbreak. The government troops were successful, and raanv of the insurgents were confined in prison, and others were forced to leave the city for safety. In the interior, at Coquina bo, Copiapo and other places, the Crux party were causing much trou ble to the government troops In con sequence of the outbreak, business of all kinds was dull.— Alla. Utah. —The New York Tribune of Nov. 24th says: “It is understood that the President has decided to remove Brigham 1 oung from the Fovernorship of Utah Territory. We apprehend no other course was left to the Executive. His successor, however, will need to he well supported if his authority is to be respected." Ocean Steamers, —The first day of the year is marked by the departure of three noble steamers from our port. The Oregon leaves at 7 o'clock this morning, the New Orleans at 10 o'clock, a. m., and the Paciflc at 4 o'clock, p. m. New York cannot boast a finer steam fleet in one day. Wo are glad to an nounce that fewer passengers have gone away on these steamers than have usu ally gone heretofore.— Courier. The steamboat Camanche navigates the Sacramento as high as Tehama city. Adams & Co. will close their ship ment for the steamer of the 15th, at 0 o’clock Sunday evening, the 11th inst., and will receive Gold Dust, Parcels, etc. and draw Bills of Exchange on their houses in different parts of the Atlantic States and London, attheiroffice in this city, up to that time. Religious Notice. The second Quarterly Meeting for the- M. E. Church in Nevado, commences the 10th inst., (Saturday) at II o'clock Rev. 1. V v : !l attend.