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THE NEVADA JOURNAL.
VOL. 3. —NO. 35. THE JOURNAL, PUBLISHED EVERY FRIDAY MORNING BY BUBD 8l SARGENT, Office on Bf>»l street, opposite the Court House, Nevada. TERMS. For one year, In advance, $7 00 For six months, 4 00 three months 3 00 J*ingl<- copies, 23 Legal Blanks 01 all hinds for sale nt this office, lob Work in all it* variotleg, promptly ai>dfn«Atiy executed, at reasonable rates. Advertisements inserted at low retro L. P. Fisher is onr only authorized agent at Ban "■rancisco. lie may b© found nt his deek at the Merchants’ Exchange. A Delano, Wells, Fargo ft Co.’a office. t« rmr an fhorlzadagent at Grass Valley. Per Adams !f Co. ARRIVAL OF THE JNO.L. STEPHENS. FIFTEEN DAYS LATER FROM THE EAST. Dates New York, Nov. 21, New Orleans, Dec. 1 Europe, Liverpool and London, Nov. 5. THE TURKISH QUESTION. ACTUAL COMMENCEMENT OF HOSTILITIES. The steamer John L. Stephens arrived at San Francisco, Dec. 16th, in 11 days and 22 hours passage—the quickest ever made. The following items of States news are from the telegraphic dispatches of the Ma rysville Evening Herald. A destructive storm has prevailed thro’- out New England, and upon the coast, car rying away bridges, wrecking ships, and attended with loss of lives. J. Baker Esq. of the house of Baring fy Bro., is said to be the person selected as um pire by the commissioners, to settle claims between Great Britain and the U- S. The account of sickness and deaths on emigrant vessels from Europe to the United States is fearful. In two days, no less than 287 deaths were reported at New York, out of 1113 passengers. The democrats and free soilers of Mass achusetts have formed a coalition for the coming state elections. They spurned all dictation, whether coming from Caleb Cushing or any body else. Much concern is felt with regard to the Oceansteamcrlir.es, as the secretary of the Navy is resolved on asking for n heavy appropriation for Naval steamships which will probably be met by a corresponding reduction in the mail service- We understand that Messrs Little, Mc- Jinsy and Hoyt, gentlemen pretty well known ia Wall street, made an application a few days since, for the confiscation of the steamers running in the line of the Nicar agua transit company. Mr. J. S. White appeared for tho amends and exhibited all proper documents, legalizing the sale, fyc. It was decided by the collector and survey or of the pass, that there were no grounds for action and they stated that they could not interpose, cither in furtherance or bin derance of stock speculations. The ship Rhine arrived at New York Nor. 2 f Jth. Left Hamburg with two hun dred and fire passengers, of which number 40 died before the vessel reached port- Several of the banks ef New \ ork city have lately suffered in the way of defalca tions. Some of them have lost nearly 10 per cent cl i. eir capital- Most of this large amount L.-o been lost in fancy stock spec ulation. Destructive Fires is N. Y. City.— Two fires occurred in New York on Nov. •15th, destroying a large amount of proper ty, and throwing over 1000 mechanics out of employment. The new Mail steamship San Francisco was to have sailed for New York on the 23d November. A neat merchants steamship, under the command of Capt. Whiting, is to be called Sacramento, and will sail for Panama from New York in February. A dispatch from Natches states that the Yellow Fever had again made its appear ance in that city, and that a number had died of it. Martin Kossuth sailed from Smyrna on Oct. 25th., on board brig Smyrna, Captain Watson, for Boston. The U. S. revenue cutters Wm. L. Marcy, and Jefferson Davis sailed from New York on the 14th. Nov., for the west coast of America. There was no election of Governor at the election in Massachusetts. The new constitution was rejected. Washington, Nov. 18.—Hon. Lyman Basil is here aspiring to the Speakership again. He will be a favorable candidate. James Adams, of Mass , Consul to San gapor, has resigned. Volney E- Howard has resigned the Government Law Agency for tho Califor nia Land Commission. New York, Nov. loth- 1853. —Felix La Goste, French Consul at this port, died here yesterday. N. Y. Election, Nov. Dth. — Tho re turns of the election have been received sufficient to show that the whole Whig State ticket has been elected except for Judges of the Court of Appeals, by an average of 50,000 majority. The Legis lature is whig. The news from the seat of war is a little conflicting, and we give copious extracts, that our readers may have opportunity to form a fair judgment. A proposition for an armistice has been made to the Porte, and he had consented to prolong the inter val of peace till the Ist of Nov., provided hostilities had not already commenced.--- The basis for the proposed settlement is the Vienna Note, deprived of the objec tionable parages, which remodeled, render NEVADA, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 23, 1853. the modifications .superfluous, and being agreeable to the Olmutz concessions, will satisfy Russia. The present armistice has been obtained in connection therewith.— Turkey is expected to accept the terms, and if so, Russia. The news from the seat of war however indicates the probability of a pitched battle soon to be fought between the Turks and Russians, on the left bank of the Danube, the Turks having crossed the river from Widdin between twenty and thirty thou sand strong, and taken position at Kalafat, on tha Western border of Wallachia, whither the Russians were concentrating their forces. This movement appears to have been made at a moment when the strongest anticipations of peace had been encouraged, by a new psoposition of set tlement from the mediating Powers as stated above believed to be satisfactory to both the hostile parties. The following is from the London Chron icle ; Some time since Omar Pacha sent notice to the Russian commander that, if armed Russian vessels approached too near the Turkish bat teries they should be fired into. To this mes sage Gortschakoflf returned for answer that, if the Russian vessels were fired into they would return the fire. Accordingly, on the 22d ult., a Russian flotilla, consisting of the two armed steamers, towing eight gun boats, attempted to ascend tho river, from the Sulina bason to a higher point of (he river, tho declaration of war by Turkey, and the avowed intention of Omar Pasha to cross the Danube, having ren dered their presence necessary in order to sup port the main body of the Russians. On coming abrea-t of tho Turkish battery, they were summoned to stop, but not heeding the summons, wore promptly fired into and as promptly returned the compliment. Some ten or fifteen Russians were killed, and fifty more wounded. The Turkish loss is not stated, but was probably few or none, although a stray shell set fire to the fort. The steamers crowded on steam, and badly damaged, managed to make their way up the river beyond the range of the Turkish missies. The London Times of Nov. Ist, Las the fol lowing interesting resume of the aspects of a flairs : The intelligence of the armistice between the Turkish and Russian forces has been sub stantially confirmed, and the event appears to be of precisely of the character which we yes terday delineated. The interval assigned by Omar Pasha for the evacuation of the Dannbl an Principalities was to expire on the 24th ult., but although the reply of Prince Gort schakoff to the Ottoman summons has been considered at Constantinople as equivalent to a refusal, the Porte had consented, at the request I of the ambassadors of tho four powers, to pro long the term of preliminary peace until this day, the Ist of November. We have reason to believe, as we before stated, that this move ment of the European representatives was not made without well grounded expectations of a beneficial result, and, as the assent of the Porte to the proposition bespeaks in itself a desire to avoid extremities, wo have good ground for confidence that this last effort in the cause of peace will prove successful. These steps, however, were taken before the collision between tho contending armies had occurred, and it is not impossible that so un toward an affair may exercise its influence on the course of events. Nevertheless, we continue to be of opinion that such a result is unlikely. ! v r the encounter, it is plain, was no premedi tated signal of hostilities, and, in so far as it produced any effect, it appears to have been unfavorable to that party which is least likely to be exasperated by the circumstance. The scene of the affray was not exactly the scene of the expected war. The hostile armies of the Russians and Turks arc stationed in the prov inces of Wailachia and Bulgaria respectively, with the waters of tho Danube between them. Further down the stream, that is to say, from the point of the confluence of the Pruth, —the left bank of the Danube becomes Russian ter ritory, the opposite bank being formed by the northernmost angle of Bulgaria. It was at this part of the river that the engagement occurred. A Russian flotilla, con sisting of two steamers with gunboats in tow, was proceeding to ascend the stream, when it was fired upon from the foot of Isaktchi, on the Turkish bank. The object of the Russians was, doubtless, to establish a communication between the Black Sea and their army of oc cupation, in Wailachia, but cither they ap proached too closely to the Ottoman guns, or the Turks had resolved to oppose the expedition. It will be clearly discerned, however, that though the Russians were indeed “ forcing a passage ” up the river, and were attacked in the attempt, the operation in no degree resem bles a movement of the Russian troops across the river against tho Turkish forces. A movement of this decisive kind, if made at all, will be made in all probability from the op posite bank and by the opposite army. Though no one fancies that Turkey can cope with Russia in a prolonged contest, yet the chances of success for the Czar are materially lessened by the certainty that the first reverse of his antagonist will bring to the succor of the vanquished the fleets, and perhaps other forces of two nations, each able to contend with Rus sia single handed. The state of affairs in the Caucassus, where it is bow certain that the Rus sians have met with great reverses, and the weakness of the army of occupation in the Prin cipalities, decimated by disease and dispirited by inaction, may also nave had some share in bringing the Emperor Nicholas to a better frame of mind.” London, Nov. 2.1653. The Times states in the leading article, that there is no reason to doubt, that on the 27th October, 3,000 Turkish infantry, and 2,400 cav alry, crossed the Danube, and occupied Kalafat. and that a large number of troops were still passing over in barges, when this news was dis patched. The Russians were gathering on the point at tacked, and it was expected that a collision would take place on the 28th. For the mo ment, here is an end to notes and diplomatic conference. Omar Pacha’s movement appears the extremity of rashness, but he is probably forced to leave in order to preserve the sem blance of command. After the ferocity of the hostile nations is satisfied by the sanguinary of fering of a useless and objectless battle, it may be possible to re-assert the claims of justice and humanity. Whatever may be the result of this contest, it cannot alter the duty of the Western powers in this emergency. Whether Omar Pacha be successful, or whe ther he be driven back, we are equally bound to maintain the rights of Turkey. Let the war go as it will, England and France can never per mit Russia to reap the fruits of her duplicity and violence. B®. The New York Tribune ba3 the fol lowing bit of satire: A Strange Visitor at the City Hall.— About 11 o’clock yesterday morning, the carved eagles upon the City Hall received an illustri ous visitor. One of the original birds of the forest—some say a hawk, others an eagle— came down from the woods to pay his wooden prototypes upon the flag-staffs of the Hall a friendly visit. He first lighted upon the stall’ over the north-west corner, and sat for some minutes, peering down into the Supreme court room, apparently looking for some bigger ras cal than his own thieving self. Not being able to look quite down to the basement, he lifted up his wings and went over to the south-west corner, made his perch upon the back of that eagle, and settled himself down very quietly, with a complaisant flap of the wings, as much as to say, “Ha, ha, I have found them at last.” And then he looked down with an eagle eye in to the chamber of the Hoard of Aldermen, and through that into the Chief of Police’s Of fice. After a while he got up, shook himself with an air of contempt, and then remarked to the crowd below, who stood agape with stupid wonder: “I will go now back to the woods, and steel a few more lambs and chickens with a tolerable clear conscience, since I have seen how much greater thieves than me are honored in the city.” THE MERCHANT. Tare and Tret, Gross and net, Hox and hogshead, dry and wet, Ready made, Of every grade, Wholesale, retail, will you trade ? Goods for sale, Roll or bale, Ell or quarter, yard or nail, Every dye, Will you buy ? None can sell as cheap as 1! Thus each day Wears away, And his hair is turning gray! O'er his books, Still he looks, Counts his gain and bolts his locks. Hy and by He will die— Hut the ledger book on high Shall unfold How he sold, How he got and used his gold ! Somebody says—“never marry a wid ow (unless her first husband was hanged) or she will always be drawing unpleasant compari sons.’’ Mon scorn to kiss among themselves. And scarce will kiss a brother ; Women often want to kiss so bad, They smack and kiss each other. If dull weather affects you, marry a warm hearted girl, and make a sunshine for yourselves. Bachelors will find this far supe rior to either billiards or Burgundy. An enterprising young statesman says he can steer the ship of state in perfect safety if he can only keep his hand on the “tiller of the soil.” It is rumored that a celebrated phre nologist has been invited to examine the "head of navigation.” It is calculated that electricity travels through copper 190,000 miles in a second. Giving a Reason. —The keeper of a museum exhibiting a skull as that of Oliver Cromwell, concerning which a lady observed that she could not have expected Cromwell's skull to have been so small, the learned conductor re plied, that it was Oliver’s skull when he was young ! Carpet f<>r the President's House. —lt is stated that a gorgeous carpet has just been finished at Glasgow, Scotland, for the white house at Washington. It measures 80 feet long by 10 feet broad, the portion being woven in a loom without a scam, being 72 by 31 feet; and the remainder consists of a handsome bor der sewn on. The filliug-in of the carpet is a ruby and crimson damask, with three tasteful medallions <yi the centre, and a rich corner piece to correspond. The medallions are filled up with boijuets of flowers, designed and exe cuted with magnificent taste. The entire piece weighs upwards of a tun, and is valued at 32,- 500. It is said that Ole Bull is now prepar ing to transplant his colony to California, and will make arrangements to that effect previous to his leaving for this city with StrakOsch, which would positively be on the Ist of De cember. The colony consists of twelve hun dred Norwegians.— Chronicle. Nullification. —A number of merchants in Stockton have associated together, and deter mined not to pay the license tax, unless com pelled by a due course of law. B®, An exchange paper says that a conspi racy to destroy the life of Cassius M. Clay, has been discovered, and thwarted in Kentucky. Indian Depredations. —The Jackson ville (Oregon) correspondent of the Yreka Herald , writing on the 28th ult, says ; “The Indians on Applegate creek are ex ceedingly troublesome ; they are constant ly stealing stock from the settlers, as well as from these on Cottonwood. Melancthon was denounced by some one, for changing views on a certain subject. He replied—“Do you think I have been studying, assiduously, for thirty years, without learning anything ?” “Mr, Smith, don’t you think Mr. Skee sicks is a young man of parts “Deci dedly so, Miss Brown ; he is part numb skull. part knave and part fool.” Terrible Shipwreck bn the Hebrides! One of the most terrible disasters byjsea of which we have any record, is the wreck of the ship “Annie Jane,” Capt. Mason, from Liverpool, for Quebec, which was driven ashore on the night of the 28th ult, on the Barra Island, one of the Hebrides. No less than three hundred and forty-eight emigrant passengers, men, women and children, met w : th a watery grave. At the moment the ship struck, most of the passengers were below in their births We copy from the narrative in the London pa pers in continuation, as follows : Many rushed on deck in a state of na kedness ; wives clung to their husbands, and children clung to both, some mute from terror,and others uttering appalling screams and eagerly shrieking “ Is there no hope ?” The scene is described by the survivors as the most agonizing which it could enter into the heart of man to conceive. After the first shock was over, the passengers rushed to the boats, three of which were placed between the mizzen mast and the poop, and the fourth lay on the top of the i cooking house forward. The light boat had already been lost. But the boats were of no earthly use, for they were all fixed down and secured, or lay bottom up. While the passengers were thus clustered round the boats, and within a very few minutes after the ship had grounded, she was struck by a sea of frightful potency, which instantly carried away the dense mass of human beings into the watery waste, and boats and bulwarks went along with them. At least one hundred of our fellow creatures perished by this fell swoop. The wild wail of the sufferers was heard for a moment, and then all was still. The great majority of the women and children, as well as some of the male pas sengers, remained below, either paralyzed by terror, or afraid that they would be washed away in the event of their- coming upon deck. But their time also had come. The frightful thumping of the great ship, taken in connection with her cargo of railway iron, must have immediately beaten the bottom out of her; and while her fab ric was in this weakened state, another dreadful sea broke on board and literally crushed that part of the deck situated be tween the mainmast and the mizzenmast, down upon the berths below, which were occupied by terror-stricken women and sleeping children. They ware killed rather than drowned as was fully evinced by the naked, mutilated, and gashed bodies which were afterwards cast on shore. The main and mizzenmast went at the same moment. This second branch of the catastrophe took place within a very few minutes after the passengers and part of the crew had been swept away from the decks, along with the boats. The most of the remaining seamen and passengers now took refuge on the poop, which was a very high one, and each suc ceeding assault of the sea carried away its victim or victims. In short, wi'hm one hour after the Annie Jane struck, the remaining stumps of her masts went by the board, and she broke into three pieces. An additional number perished at this dis ruption; and all the survivors remained on the poop, with the exception of seven men, who had secured themselves on the topgallant forecastle. The poop fortunate ly floated well, and, as it was about high water, the wreck was drifted inwards by the wind and each heave of the sea, when it finally grounded about 4 o’clock A. M. The forecastle, with the seven men, came ashore much about the same time. The wreck had been observed from the island almost as soon as the day broke ; and, in the first instance, seven or eight of the Barra men came down to render such aid as might be in their power. The re mains of the mizzenmast were still at tached by the shrouds to the wreck of the poop, and by the help of the islanders it was placed so as to form a sort of bridge or ladder between the poop and the shallow water; and, as the tide had now fully ebbed, all the survivors got oft shore with out much difficulty by seven in the morn ing. When mastered the survivors were found to number a total of 102, of whom one was a child, 12 were women, and 28 belonged to the crew, exclusive of the cap tain, who was alio saved- When the poop was drifted ashore he secured himself upon its skylight. The beach was literally lined by the dead bodies, as well as by innumer able fragments of the ship, and the light part of her cargo. None of the survivors estimate the loss of life at less than 300, and consider it close upon 400 souls. At daylight the bay was strewn with dead bodies to the number of nearly 300, greatly disfigured, many of them without limbs and head, and nearly all naked, thereby showing how instant must have been their death, and the fearful strength of the waters, which in so short a time made such havoc. Only one child was saved. It belonged to an humble Irish woman, who with her two children, was abont to join her husband in America. She struggled j hard to preserve them both, one on her back, and grasping the other in her arms; but when the ship parted, the latter was dashed into the sea, and the other remained. The New Flag.— Recruiting officers for the new Republic, have hoisted their flag at the corner of Sacramento and Kearny streets, San Franciseo. Who’ll join ? His First Appearance.— Jack Frost arrived in the city yesterday morning. Our devil saw him at 7 o’clock, a. M.,on Broad way, where the consequential gentleman appropriated the entire sidewalk.— Com, Jdv*. IGth . .. _ . . _ The Stats Prison. — A correspondent of the Evening News give the following de scription of this building “About dusk I arrived at the landing at the mouth of Corta Madera Creek. In front, and within two or three hundred yards of the shore, was situated the keep er’s house, and on the verge of the water, lay the works of the company who have leased the keeping of the prisoners from the State for the period of ten years. These works consist of a steam brick making machine, grist and saw mill, to gether with all the apparatus for manufac turing bricks and hewing stone. A fine quarry has recently been opened at the point jutting out into the bay, just in front of the keeper’s house, and quite a large number of the prisoners are daily employ ed in blasting the rock and putting it into proper shape. But the most notable object that Strikes the beholder, is the southern wing of the the main Prison, which is now very near comp’eted. It is two stories in height, and is built of heavy squared ruble stone. The contract under which it was erected requir ed only rough'stone, but the company, (for the first time perhaps in the history of Gov ernment works) have built a much more expensive and really beautiful structure, than called for by the specifications. More than one half of the stone used has been cut, and thus instead of presenting a rough irregular exterior, the Prison really ap pears handsome and ornamental. It is about 138 feet in length by 10 in width, and the upper story contains 48 cells, 24 opening upon each front. Each cell will accommodate four prisoners, and the venti lation has been so admirably contrived, that the fresh air will sweep through each cell continually, when comfort requires it. The first siory is occupied entirely as a long and splendid arched dining saloon The massive pillars sustaining the arches are of stone octagonly cut, and the arches themselves are certainly better proportion ed and more securely and handsomely built, than any other specimen of architec ture in the State. For the Journal. Home, and the Miner* BV JUVKSItfeB. Home ! Oh what a thought to a lonely, disconsolate, disheartened miner, who has toiled for years in the gulches and ravines of the California mountains, and has met with bitter disappointment in all his labors. The very thoughts of “home” sink down deep into his soul. They prey upon his mind as a cankerworm. They give him rest neither day or night. Oh how he would like to hear the murmer of tho gen tle rivulet that warbles past his cottage door at “home.” Oh, how he would like to see once more (he partner of his bosom, who (while he returned from the labors of the fields at home,) would fly with open arms to embrace him, and do all in her power to make him comfortable and happy at home ; and how his little children at home would cling around him to be dandled on fathers knee, and receive with grateful lit tle hearts a father’s smile and father’s kiss. But while amongst the foot hills l of the Sierra Nevada, no such sounds or pleasures greet him on his return from ransacking the bowels of the earth. With light pock ets and a heavy heart, perhaps he may be enfolded in the arms of a “grizzly” or his legs be encircled by the poisonous snake. Horae, sweet home, with all thy peaceful charms, how he longs to see thee and never roam from thy pleasant shades again. Send a paper home to your friends. It will not only let them know your wherea bouts, but give them a better idea of this country. California papers are valuable ih the States.— Yreka Herald. A true bill. California papers are read in the States with great avidity, and are regarded by thousands, who do not receive them , as nearly as precious as gold.— H. Y. Express Messenger. Game. —The Placerville Republican says :—“Wild game is abundant in our market ; we saw a wagon-load of deer in the street, on Tuesday, that had been kill ed about fifteen miles east of this place. The snow in the mountains is driving the game to the valleys.” John Van Buren's Advice as to the JFu- \ gitive Slave Laio. —John Van Buren was heard to get off a rich noteat the late State Convention. When the resolution con cerning the Fugitive Slave Law and com promise measures was read, a free soil com panion told John his conscientious scruples in regard to it, pronounced it in oppositon to their speeches and all their previous dec larations and feelings, and finally ended by declaring that he (the objector) could not and would not swallow it “Oh damn it, man,” replied John, “ swallow it now, and puke it up at the first gutter you come to !” Smithers says that, when a man can’t I marry his grandmother, or his aunt, or wife’* mother, the law makes an ass of itself, for when a man marries, | now-a-days, he marries, the whole family., Some one, we know not who, very shrewdly defines money to be admirably adapted for taking stains out of character. “Broomers” is a name which the New I York Journal of Commence gives to the ladies’ long dresses, which sweep the side i walks of the city, vs. the “Bloomers” wore by those ladies who put on short i and pantaloons. It is said th^‘ c SeTera i fashionable ladies have undertaken to sweep I the sidewalks of Broadway with the trains Of* CX * aro —_ WHOLE NO. 174. The Pacific Rati.road Survkyiko Party •' The San Diego correspondent of the Altu furnishes the following interesting intelligence "U o have some account of the movements o the Pacific rail road surveying party, the eaeor to which, under Lieut. George Stoneman, arri ved on Sunday last, and encamped at the Mis sion, San Diego. The dragoons, 40 in num her, who form the escort, arc in excellent health and their animals all in fine condition. Tin escort left two parties in the field who have me? nearly completed their labors. One under I,t Williamson, commanding the survey, is now a the Colorado river, and mar be expected to ar rive litre about the Jst.h ; while that under tin direction of Lieut. Parke, is engaged in a sur vcy of the San Luis river from its source. We learn that the survey has been conducted with the utmost accuracy and fidelity, and that a new and perfoc f map of the whole country surveyed and explored, will be constructed to accompany Lieut. Williamson's report, and that the measurements were sufficiently mftntOj to give the profile of every pass and obstacle oni the route, so that the proper grade of the track for a railroad can be at once determined. Such a contribution to the geographical and topo graphical knowledge of our state and country is invaluable, even if the coveted railroad is not built on the southern route. The country be tween the Tulare valley and the Colorado and Gila rivers, has never before been thoroughly explored. and the vicinity of the Mohave river, hitherto unknown, is now examined and survey ed from its Source to the coast range, near the Cajon to its final disappearance in a sand lake in the desert. ? Bi.own Down.— Three two storied framoi buildings on Mission street, San Francis co, were blown down during the prevalence of the storm on Friday riight last. No one was injured. Horse Kacf.—A race between the hor ses Yankee and Lark took place on Satur day last at the San Leandro course, across the Bay from San Francisco, at which half the Alta California population of Alameda county, male and female were present. Yankee was the favorite of these people, who backed him largely ; and in retrirft were given the odds of two, fire and ten by the friends of Lark. A little before five o’clock, tho horses started. The race be ing a single dash of 600 yards, was wion by Lark, who came in 60 feet ahead. The San Francisco Herald says that an'lmpetus was given to the betting by the start, and that horses, carriages, a stage coach, were staked—the Owners bet their ear-rings, breast-pins, finger-rings—in fine, every thing they possessed worth having. Full $40,000 changed hands on this race. Maj. Harvey, special Indian Agent, has made a reserve north of the Fort Yuma, on the Colorado, and designs to erect a house for his own use. He esti mated the Yumas, at from 6000 to 7000, who will probably be brought into the reservation. A Methodist Episcopal Clmrch is about to be erected at Rough and Heady, of which the foundation stone has beer laid. Sophistbt may perplex truth, ingendity may warp the decrees of justice, and ridi cule may raise an undeserved laugh ; but where free inquiry prevails, errors will bo corrected, justice will be revered, and ridi cule will be retorted on those who hare abused its influence. “An, my good fellow, where hare you been for a week back ? •‘A week back ! I have not been troub led with a weak back, I thank you. “No, no ; where have you been lontr back ?” b “Long back ! Don’t call me long back, you scoundrel !” Female Patriotism.— There is only one stone on the Washington Monument grounds contributed by the fair sex for in sertion in the column ; and this bears the inscription, “From the Ladies of Lowell, Massachusetts : “Here industry her grai<? r ul tribute payg To him whose valor won us prosporous'days.” The slab is of white marble, and the letters are sunk (and gilded) in the raised oval sur'ace. California. —The State of California is over seven hundred miles in length, from northwest to southwest, averaging three hundred in width, with an estimated pop* ulation of about 850,000. Her gold fields cover about one-sixth of her whole extent, and her agricultural vallies contain the most productive soil in the world. Capt. McClure. —This gallant officer who discovered, and sailed through the Northwest Pass, observed in his expedition among other Arctic curiosities, smoking hillocks, volcanoes on a small scale, and petrified forest. lie was also informed of the existence of an extensive coalmine. Americanized. —Some Indians near Los Angeles found an Indian who had murder ed another, and liking the custom adopted by the Americans, imitated their example and strung the offender lo the limb ol a tree. High Rents. —On the subject of hirh rents in San Francisco, the Herald saye: “It has tong been supposed that they would have fallen materially. Such, how ever, does not appear to be the case. Some idea of the value of pron- 7 ‘ iy 0n Mo*gora eay may formed from the fact that an ince w itb a front of but ten feet, 'l. now renting at four hundred dollars a month, and would bring five hundred.— The revenue from this little room would be a magnificent income for a man and family in nm n y portions of the (Jnitic