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THE NEVADA JOURNAL.
YOL. 3. —NO. 36. THE JOURNAL PUBLISHED BVERV FRIDAY MORNING BT BUDD & SARGENT, oo Broad street, opposite the Coiyt Boose, Nevada. TERMS. Fbr one yvor, tn advance, ....87 00 For six months, qq For three montb»,\ Single copies, - Legal Blanks <>r all kimls for safe at this office. lob 'Work in all It*, varieties, promptly ami Jneatly rseethed, at reasohhble rates. Advertisements tnsortod at Imr rrrt«*. L. p. Pisher •* onr only nmhorlml agent et Pan Francisco. Ho may be found at his desk at the Merchants’ Exchange. A. Delano, M Welt*, Fargo & Coi’s Offices Is out an- Ihorixod agent «t Grass Valley, From Salt Lake. The Transcript has received, through Mr. Kincaid, who brought the Salt Lake Mail, a proof sheet of the Deseret News of Nov. 12th, which contains the shocking intelligence of the slaughter of Capt. Gunnison of the corps of lopographical Engineers, with seven of his party, including Mr. R. 11. Kern, Topographer ; Mr. Crcutefeldt, Botanist; Win. Potter, Guide; Messrs. Rcptrott, Caulfield and Mehnteens, pri vates of company A mounted riflemen, and John 1/ellows, employee. Slaughter of Capt. Gunnison and S even of his Company. On the 21st Oct. ult.. at G o'clock p. y., an express arrived from Fillmore City, forwarded by president Call, bearing dispatches from Washington city, from the Pacific railroad par ty, now in this territory, and a letter from Bre vet Capt. R. M. Morris, to Gov. Young, brief ly detailing the unexpected, aud lamentable In dian massacre of Capt. John W. Gunnison, and seven of his party, near the swamps of the Kcvier river, and as near as wo can learn, about 20 miles from the Sevier lake. This event hap pened about 9 o’clock a. m., of the 2G*h October, as the party were sitting down to breakfast.— Only four escaped, leaving instruments, notes, animals, and all the bacrgngj, in possession of the Indians.- —Deseret News. Immediately upon the receipt of the above intelligence, Gov. Young began active prepara tions for the recovery of the lost property, and the proper disposal of the dead bodies, in the sanguine, hope of being able to obtain the body ■of Capt. Gunnison, with the design to forward it to his family. By half past nine o’clock, on the morning of Ist November, D. B. Huntington, interpreter, with a sufficient party, a number of Indian pres ents, a letter of instructions, and a letter to Brevet Captain Morris, was on his way to the main camp of the party, reported to be near Fillmore City, with instructions from Governor Young to proceed with all possible speed and ■diligence, using the necessary relays, and report himself ready to aid in carrying out the wishes of (’apt. Morris. Mr. Huntington was instructed to hire Ka no-sho, ami other friendly Pauvans on the Se vier, and to try all possible methods to recover lh« lost property, and particularly the instru ments aud notes. This was deemed a far bet tor policy to accomplish the object in view, than to furnish additional taoops to pursue an enemy they would probably never find. Since the departure of Mr. Huntington,Rrc v't Captain Morris and aM the party have ar rived in the city. We learn they met Mr, Hun tington. of Naphi, ninety three miles south of this city,on the 2d November,and that he pro ceeded on from there without being accompa nied by any of the government party. Wo have also learned from Capt. Morris, that he reached the camp ground, where the massacre occurred, early on the following morning, and returned to the main camp, leaving all the dead bodies on the top of the ground. The wolves bad begun to devour the bodies before he rcoch wl the main scene of disaster. Lieutenant Beckwith, of the topographical engineers gives the following report of this melancholy disaster ; The greatest vigilance of night guards was maintained by Capt. Gunnison when he en camped—each of the party in turn performing that duty. At the break of day the whole camp was aroused, and at once engaged in the morning duties of the camp, preparatory to an early start; for the party was that day to reach its most distant point of exploration for this season—and between day break and sun rise the most of the men were engaged in eating their breaksast, when, from the fatal willow shelters, a numerous discharge of rifles and flight of arrows crossed that devoted camp in all directions, and the hideous war-whoop of a large baud of savages rang out on that hitherto silent "plain. At this fire one man only fell mortally wounded; and Capt. Gunnison step ping from his tent, raised his hands and called to his murderers that he was their friend; but this call was of no avail; the deadly fire still continued. Upon the first discharge there was a general call to arms, and a few return shots 1 were fired; the Indians report one of their band killed and another wounded, but the sur prise seems to have been complete, and the ap proach so close—twenty or toirty yards, under perfect shelter —that it was impossible long to maintain the little open spot on which they had encamped. The most of the horses had stampeded at the first discharge, and only three or four men succeeded in reaching them and mounting; the others seeking safety on foot, •and fell in or Hear their fatal camp. The corporal of the escort succeeded in es caping on his horse—and, hotly pursued, rode him at the top of his speed to the point where the party had separated. Here his norse failed, but the Indians had given over the chase, and ho ran on foot the remainder of the distance — 14 miles —to the other camp of the party, and at 11 o’clock and 30 minutes, came exhausted into camp, barely able, by a few broken sen tences, to communicate the frightful intelli gence. Thirty minutes subsequently, Capt. Morris and Lieut. Baker, accompanied by Mr. Potter, brother of the slain, led towards the fa tal spot, the escort of mounted riflemen—wl the men who could be armed and mounted, accom panied by the surgeon, Dr. Schell, a band scarce- Jylargcr than that already slain—with the hope of rendering aid to the survivors, should any remain ; of punishing the savage band, and of rendering the last sad duties of humanity to those who were known to have fallen. Anoth er of the party had arrived on his horse, just as they were leaving, and returned with Captain Morris’ command ; and two others were met by him on the road-one near camp, his horse having fallen, throwing him under some bushes NEVADA, CALIFORNIA, FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 30, 1853. where he lay concealed until he could no longer hear the savage crew at the camp—the Indians being at times within a few feet of him, until noon, when they moved off, and he heard no more of them. NEW TEAR’S RB7MES. Again, again old Father Time, Again I see you’re come ? \ ou come with a soft but noiseless step. But you find ns hero “at home \ our ’re a queer old codger, Father Time, And you seem to think it fun, To rattle and shake jonr fleshloss ribs, Forever, from sun to sun. 6it down, sit down, old Father Tim®, For you must be woary and worn ; Shall 1 take your scythe and your hour-glass, And your wig “by the foreloek” 'lorn ? Ah ! your scythe is keen, old Father Time, And well has the old blade hung, And “it cuts down all, b®th great and small"— This I learned when I was young. “Give back! give back !’’ quoth old Father Time “Give back my trnsty friend— I have swung it for many a weary dar, "i And must on, till there comes an end ! I swung it, boy, ere the world began ; But the glass 1 tuns once more And I shall be glad, indeed I shall. When my wanderings are all o’er. And what ’ll ye do, young man," said he, “In the new year you now see T Will ye be as wild and as reckless, boy, As ye were in 'fifty three V And the old man glared with his sharp grey eyes, And shook that wisp of hair, Till it made my heart grow faint and chill, To encounter the old man’s stare. Said ‘ I, 1 11 reform, indeed I will, I ’ll not do so any more ; The debts I made in this mil-spent year I ’ll pay in fifty-four ; I ’ll be civil to every body, sir, I ’ll be kind unto the poor— And the girls that I loved in ’fifty-three, I ’ll love in ’fifty-four !’’ “It will do, it will do,” said old Father Time, “I see you ’re up to snutf! If you keep the last vow, (but I had him there ! ) The rest will be easy enough !’’ Then the old man shouldered his scythe once more, And so swiftly did he pass, Then he left me wondering why my gnest Had called without taking his glass ! THE OLD TEAR. Farewell old year! night is closing. Like a dark pall, round thy bier; With buried past reposing, Thou shalt quickly sleep, old year I Farewell old year ? with thee lying. Sleep the young, the loved, the brave, And mem ry weaves a wrsath undying, Of her wild flowers, for thy grave. Farcwell old year ! thou hast brought mo. Many a smile, and many a tear— Many a goldeu charm hath wrought me, Many a tangled web of fear— Many a doubt and many a sorrow— Many a grief, and many a care— Many a bright dream of to-morrow. Tinged with colors of despair. Furewell old year ! thou hast reft me Many a sweet flower love had cast; But amid life's thorns tbou’st left me, Friendship’s green leaves, to the last! Farewell old year ! slumbet lightly, Whers thy predecessors dwell. In the Bast, mom's breaking brightly. Farewell old year ! fare the well ! Er>. Jol rxal : —Will you please publish the en closed lines if you think them worthy of insertion and oblige a Subscriiixr. I’ve wandered to the village, Tom ; I've sat beneath the tree, Upon the school-house play-ground that sheltered you and me ; But none were left to greot me, Tom; and few wore left to know, That played with us upon the green some twenty years ago. The grass is just as green, Tom; bare-footed boys at play Were sporting just as we did then, with spirits just as gay; But the “matter” sleeps upon the hill, which, coated o’er with snow. Afforded us a sliding place, just twenty years ago. The old school-house is altered now ; the benches are replaced. By new ones, very like tiro same our penknives had defaced ; Bat the same old bricks are in the wall, tho bell swings to and fro. Its music just the same, dear Tom, 'twas twenty years ago. The boys were playing some old gome, beneath that same old tree-; 1 have forgot the name just now—you’ve played tho same with me, On that same spot; ’twas played with knives, by throwing so and so; The leader had a task to do—there twenty years •E«- The river’s running just os still; the willows on its side. Are larger than they were, Tom; the stream ap pears less wide— Cat ths grape-vine spring is ruintd now, where once we played the beau. And awung our sweet-hearts—“pretty girls”—just twenty years ago. The spring that bubbled 'nestb the bill, dose by the spreading beach, Is very low—’twas once so high, that we coaid al most reach ; And, kneeling down to get a drink, dear Tom; I star tled so To sec hew sadly I am ehangod since twenty years ago. Near by tho spring, upon an elm, you know I cut your name, Your sweethearts just beneath it, Tom and yon did mine the same : Some heartless wretch has pealed the bark, 'twas dying sure but slow. Just as that one, whose name you cut, did, twenty years since. ' *, My lids have long bean dry, Tom, bnt tears came in my eye* ; I thought of her I lored so well—those early bro ken lies ; ‘ I visited the old church yard, and took some Gowers to throw Upon the graves of those we Ipved, seme twenty years ago. Some in the church-yard laid—some sleep beneath the sea i But few are left of our old class, excepting yon and me ; jtnd when oar time shall come, Tom, and we are called to go, I hope they’ll lay as where we played, just twenty years ago. ■ ■ ■■ i ' mi The foreign debt of MeaHco it stated to be somewhere in the neighborhood of fifty - fire millions of dollar*. The lowest estimate of the loss occa sioned by the late fire aVKingston, Canada, is one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. Movements are making for a monthly line of steamers between Liverpool and St, John, New Brunswick. .— —• • The friends of temperance in Texas are about asking tho Legislature to enact a Maine Law for that State. The New York Branch of Adams Sc Co.’s Express. —An idea of the immense amount of business transacted by the firm of Adams Sc Co., at their New York house, may be gathered from the subjoined list of persons connected with their establishment in that city; and when the enormous amount of business which they do in this and in every other city is taken into con sideration, it appears almost like a Hercu lean task to manage and properly conduct such an extensive concern. Their business however, is so systematised that it pro ceeds with the regularity of clock-work, as all who have entrusted business to their care can testify. The following is the list of persons in the employ of the New York office: DIRECTORY NEW YORK OFFICE. Resident Partner—Wm. B. Dinsmore. Custom House Clerk, &c.—John K. Stimson. Bookkeeper—Hiram Dixon. Cashier—J. C. Babcock. Freight Manager—John Hoey. Philadelphia P. P. Clerk—William Ste venson. Collection and Mint Clerk—Jas. Choi well. Assistants do —Geo. Dixon, Wm. Linson. California Draft Clerk —Joseph Wales. California Freight Clerk—Jno. H. Ab bott. California Way-Bill Clerk—Josiah Hedden. Regular California, Isthmus, and Ocean Messengers—Andrew W. Sweet, Ralph P. Mead, Ralph Trembly, J. B. Ludlow, and John B. Sanborn. California Parcel Clerk—Edward Crane. Assistant Bookkeeper—James Cushing, Jr. Mail Clerk—Wm. Magill. Cashier’s Clerk—Chas. P. Diefendorf. Boston P. P. and Freight Clerk—Geo. M. Curtis. Philadelphia and Boston Receipt Clerks —Chas. W. Thayer, E. Franklin, H. Tallman. Southern and Western Freight Clerk- Geo. H. Garrick. Hartford and New Haven Freight Agent —H. B. Plant. H. and N. H. Money Clerk—E. M. Drew, Assistant, G. W. Hiller. New Orleans Freight Agent—A. L. Stimson. N. O. Freight Clerks—J. K. L. Smith, Benjamin D, Bacon. Philadelphia Messengers—P. Harvey, Isaac P. Valentine, Robert Tumbelson, Geo. Canning. Boston Messengers, via Norwich—Jos. Boynton, A. A. Hobart. Boston Messengers, via New Haven— Lewis Bates, O. Hamilton. Hartford and New Haven Messengers— E. M. Hardy, W. F. Hardy, Henry Har rington, Marshal Davis, E. Hart and Nel son llubbell. Drivers—James D. Wallace, Abram Austin, Wm. Darling, G. D. Brush. Jaccb Vantine, Peter A Parvue, Hobt. Denning, Stephen'Ames, Geo. Daniels, A. Leacraft, Charles H. Keator, James Allen, M. W. Wilson, Ferris Davis, James Doyle, Theo. L. Munson, J. B. Albertson, J. Madan. Foreman of the Stables—John Dunning. Assistant Foreman —George Jackson. Hostlers—Wm. Hayden, Sami. McMul len, Andrew Corcorin and John Cavin. Packers—Alonzo Lockwood, John Mc- Leed. , Fireman—Patrick Toole. Porters—Joseph Gibbs, B. Henry. History of the “ Marseillaise Hymn.” The “ Marseillaise Hymn ” was asso ciated in my mind with the city of Mar seilles, and, supposing* it was written thete, I made some inquiry in reference to it— As a national song, it had prodigious in fluence during the revolution ; and so often has it been sung, with joy, by Terrorists, Jacobins, and Revolutionists, and heard with paleness and trembling by the friends of monarchy and legitimacy, that it is en graved on the very soul of France. Its awful chorus, Aux armos, citoyem ! formes vos battallions ! Marchons I qn’un sang impur abreura nos sillona! has often caused the blood of the roan in blouse to boil over, and that of the aristo crat to freeze Its history is in this wise : Early in the revolution, Rouget de Lisle, a native of the Jura Mountains, was a young officer of the garrison at Strasburg. He was a musician, a poet, a soldier. He was often an inmate there of the family of one Dietrick, with whose daughters he be came a favorite. The family was poor but patriotic. “ I have one bottle of Vfine left, ” said Dietrick one evening to his daughters: “ bring it, and we will drink to liberty and our country. Our city is going to have a patriotic ceremony, and De Lisle must compose a hymn for the occasion. ” i The bottle was brought and exhausted. De Lisle retired at midnight, his whole soul inflamed. He spent the night hum ming and rhyming, rhyming and humming. He dosed. Rising with the day, he wrote the hynm mid the tune. He called the family of Dietrick together, and a few other friends. They were all musicians and loved poetry. They sang, they wept, they rejoiced together. The national song of France was written. It flew from club to club, from city to city. It was sung at the opening of all the clubs of Marseill aise. A band of young men called “ the Coofederators of Marseilles, ” marched to Paris to aid the conspirators there. These confederates received the pame of Mar sellaise; and, singing the . hymn as they went, it spread over France like lightning. Hence its name, the “ Marseillaise Hymn.” The language and the tune are peculiarly exciting, and, when sung in full chorus, is' said to inspire even a horse for the battle. Its singing was forbidden by the Bourbons but in the revolution of 1830 it became again the national song. But the history of this famous hymn is not ended. Dietrick, whose wine and ex hortation inspired the poet to write it, was marched to the scaffold, to the sound of the notes first sung in his own bouse by the aid of his family and a few friends! Nor is this all. The author himself was pro scribed, and fled. In passing along the wild gorges of the Alps, he heard its wild notes rising around him, and he shuddered. “What do they call that hymn?” he asked the guide. “ The Marseillaise, ” was the reply.— He himself called it “ An offering to Liber- It was thus he first knew the n&me under which his hymn was destined to immortality. It is right to add that Louis Philippe on ascending the throne of France, found out Kouget de Lisle, who was then seventy years old, and granted him a pen sion of 1500 francs from his own private purse. Business Talent.—The Newburjport Herald , in giving an obituary notice of a young and talented merchant, makes the following truthful remarks : “There are many among the leading classes of politicians and scboolmeti who are apt to assume to themselves more im portance in the community than belongs to them, who underrate the necessity and usefulness of the successful and energetic business man. This is not the place to argue which is the highest order of talent and which is the most useful to the com munity. It is undeniable, however, that to conduct a large business successfully, for a number of years, is the rarest qualifica tion to be found in society. While there are, no doubt, hundreds of young men who have the material out of which are made patriotic and ardent politicians, claiming to ascend to the high places of power for the good of the people, and willing to serve their country with most patriotic devotion, for a share of the loaves and fishes ; and hnnrlrod* mnra, capahlft of becoming, in their own estimation at least, social, moral and religious reformer, of the first water, it is doubtful if there can be found ten, who, giving them all the opportunities and advantages they should desire, would be able to do their part in upholding the pe cuniary resources and the industry of the community, with a good share of business ability. Men may enter into business recklessly, with means or credit, obtained by accident, inheritance or finesse, and flourish for a time; perhaps by accident, like the gamb ler if they retire from the field when their pockets are full, secure a fortune, and it is no warrant of ability; but to continue for a long series of years in the successful man agement of a large business, is a proof of ability, energy, self-denial, and others of the rarest qualifications possessed by man kind.” The citizens of Arkansas are becoming aroused to the importance of the Pacific Railway enterprise. A meeting was held at Fort Smith a few weeks since and in addition to measures taken for the purpose of Securing their share of the public grant of lands for the State improvement pur jposes, instructed the Commissioner of Im provements for Franklin epunty, to sub scribe to the stock of the Arkansas and Pacific Railroad company, and to pay over the money to the company to defray the expenses of the survey. They also took measures to secure p. grant of the free right of way through the county. This Pacific Railroad enterprise seems to be viewed in the light of a national cornu copiae. The whole people appear to en tertain a belief that it will scatter wealth in the dust, raised by the whistling loco motive with its flying train. Expenditures of the Searching Expe ditions of Sir fohn Franklin. —The total estimated cost of the expeditions sent in quest of Sir John Franklin has amounted to the sum of £802,466- if to this be added the original outlay in the equipment of the expedition of Sir John Franklin, the entire siim expended on Arctic expe ditions, including the contributions from the United States and from private sources, within the last eight years, will amount to not far from one million sterling, or about five millions of dollars. As partial re muneration for this immense waste of time and money, the North West Passage has been found to exist, though not as a prac ticable channel of navigation. Mariposa., Dec. 19,1853. - Snt:—Last night at a Fandango house, cn Sherlock’s creek, a man named Steel killed another with whom he had a pre vious contention, by sheeting him through the head. The name of the deceased was Martin. Steel was held to bail in the sam of ifsoo. Baebacoas Bridge —The Aspinwall Courier of Not. Ssth, is filled with a lengthy and interesting account of the grand celebration at Barbae oas, on the oc casion of the first train of cars having crossed the Chagres river. A man, said to be a drayman, lashed hi* wife through a street of Cleveland with a horse whip, a few day* since. The poor woman had previously attempted to drown herself, but was prevented by a female friend. Louis Kossuth. Thefe eefems to be some inquiry con cerning Kossuth’s Whereabauts at this time. He is supposed to hare left London and is doubtless watching anxiously for an opportunity to favor Hungary by the an ticipated collision between the Russians ana Turks. In case of hostilities Kossuth is bound by every obligation to do What he can to aid the Sultan. All the friends of liberal principles throughout Europe must be opposed to Russia and those who are Supposed to favor her. It seems to us that this feeling among such a number of dis contented and oppressed subjects must extend hostilities greatly beyond the con fines of Turkey. Such men as Kossuth, Mazzini and others are looked to in the present crisis as men whese experience and judgmbht will aid the masses in their efforts to throw off tha heavy burdens that now rest upon them. No man who has spent bis life under the benign influences of a Republi can Government, is aware of the baseness and oppression which most of the Govern ments in Europe heap upon the people.— Under thei* iron sway, millions of people are less free and independent than are our Southern slaves. Such a humiliating condition calls for relief, and if the people ean once see their way clear, the deep injuries received and the revenge now lurking in their bosoms, will urge them to a bloody conflict which will end only with the prostration and total destruction of their oppressors. It is hoped that an opportunity will be offered for Kossuth to distinguish himself in this great struggle. Ilia capacity to direct men in military affairs has been se riously questioned. Much of the blame concerning the failure of the Hungarians in their struggle with Austria, has been attributed to his want of skill and judg ment in directing their movements- It is but just to him, however, to say, that the complaints have come mostly from his enemies. That Kossuth is a superioij man, possessing a giant intellect, vast reasoning powers and brilliant iihiginatiort, no one can deny. Some of his speeches contain the most splendid specimens of oratory ever delivered. He has been accused of being more of a patriot than a philanthro pist, and of advancing certain opinions in the United States with a view to procure funds for himself. We think these accu sations base slanders, and that he hasi done nothing to deserve them- On lha contrary, his whole conduct shows that he has a warm heart, a deep and unchangeable love for Republican principles and the good of his native land. Whatever may he the future career of Louis Kossuth, whether he ever appears again as a prominent man or not, what he has already accomplished will be no mean figure in the world’s history. The past, at least with him, is secure. As time rolls on, his fame will grow brighter and more enduring, and his speeches will be read with delight by generations yet unborn. Among the multitudinous objects til the Patent Office at Washington, and which evince what skill can do, is “an invention that picks up pins frem a heap, .turns them all around with their heads up, and sticks them in papers in regular rowis ; another goes through the whole process of cigar making, taking in tobaceo leaves and turning out the perfect article- One ma chine cuts cheese ; another scours knives and forks ; another blacks boots ; another rocks the cradle, and seven or eight take in washing and ironing. Another patent is for a machine that counts the passengers in an omnibus, and takes their fare. When a fat man gets in it counts two, and char ges double. There are a variety of guns that load themselves ? a fish line that ad justs its own bait; and a rat-trap that throws away the rat and then baits and sets itself, and stands in the cornet for another.” Of all the silly contrivances which men resort to with a view to distinguish them selves, that of adopting titles is the most foolish. We learn that Santa Anna has been dnbbed the Great Elector, Great Ad miral, Most Serene Highness. The Pres ident and his Excellency are not sufficient for the chief of “our sister Republic .” Well, the Mexicans are not alone in this busi ness. There is Soulouque, the Grand Em peror of Hayti, with his Lords and Dukes, &c. &c. Only think of Snowball as a Duke and Miss Phillis as a Dutchess.— “Such fantastic tricks before high Heaven,” «Jrc. But no matter. In order to appre ciate the greatness which titles confer, Santa Anna ought to visit the Kay lien Court, if a single sight did not induce him to cave, he is not the man we have taken him to be. The mouth of the Mississippi has finally been deepened so as to greatly facilitate navigation. Major Beauregard states that there is new a well defined channel 300 feet wide and 18 feet deep at ordinary low water. The Miller doctrine is spreading in the state of Maine. There are thousands in that State who believe that the world will be burnt up next spring. Two children are exhibiting at Baltimore united together by one spine. While one ip asleep the other is often awake, and while one sits the other can lie down. A few cases of Cholera have appeared at Edinburg—the first in Scotland. 700,000 children attend school in the six New England States. WHOLE NO. 174. Railroad to Ijidia. —ln a year a rail way will be completed connecting Ostem and Trieste, across the plains of Europe which, together with the railroad fron London tb Bombay in three weeks. B' that time the greater portion of the civilizo world will be reticulated with telegrap) wireSi A train on the Galena railroad was lately run into by a brig. Ber jib boorr grazed but slightly the two first cars, bu smashed in the windows and demoiishec considerable of the third Car, doing how ever* no injury to the passengers. William Camp, a farmer, residing neat New London, Ct, committed suicide b\ ' hanging himself in his bam on the) nigh' of the 12th ult. JTe was is easy circum stances, and no reason is assign a tor the rash act. In a (Junri-H at u.e house of one Ly‘»n. in Union co ivy , a matt named Cowan, threw a child of the former in the fire —i< was bat little injured; whereupon Lynn, the father, shot him dead, and was justi fied on the trial for so doing. Commander McClure has been promoted to a captaincy in the British Navy for tbo discovery of the North West pu-isUara. — He is entitled to £20,000, the premium offered by the English Parliament for the achievement of this passage. A Richmond paper proposes is a substi tute for the Maine Law that ther** be an amendment t® the Constitution binding each office holder to swear that be has not tasted alcoholic liquors for a year, ami morover that ho will not dirink during his term of office, A man at West Troy, recently. while a political procession was passinr, ffr-ed u pistol * the first barrel went off r ,‘ud air, but lowering his hand, the second barrel accidentally discharged, and the bullet 1 edged in the temple of a girl present —• The poor girl foil and instantly expired. The Troy Conference Seminary at Poultney, Yt-, has been nearly broken up in consequence of sickness. S : *ty two cases of typhus fever had occurred among the students, some of which had proved fatal. There is a great complaint in and about Jacksonville, Fla., and St. John's, of a want of laborers. Works of improvement have been retarded, and business, in some instances, wholly abandoned for want ot the requisite force of labors to them. At Lake Providence, La., out of a pop ulation of 220, 130 have died of the yel* low fever, leaving but 90 persons alont* to bury the dead. In many other of he small towns, the epidemic has been ah* as fatal, principally along the ri.vr aad in the vicinity of the city of Natches. A negro in St. Louis recently was sent on an errand to a Dr. McDowell. He was told the doctor was a terrible raf.u rind would cut him up and pickle bin Rj went, but was much frightened, and when the doctor advanced towards him he drew back suddenly, fell down a pair of stairs and died the same night. It is believed that the November earn-* ings of the Vermont Centra! and Vermont and Canada Railroad will be near SIOO,- 000 ; and those of the Ogdensburg alone will exceed SBO,OOO. It is declared in an English official pub lication that in the year 1845, not less than 1,500,000 people in the European continent, visited in pilgrimage, the Hdly Coat at Trevis. A bear jumped over a fence at Atlanta, Ga., recently, throw a man down who was passing, and inflicted a severe wound, of which he died shortly after. A carpenter fell from the roof of an unfinished house at Boston, Mass., a few days ago, and received such a severe in juries that he died ten minutes afterwards. Of the seventy-two members composing the late House of Delegates of Maryland, only two were returned Wt the recent elec tion in that State. Oaly four members of the last Ohio Legislature have been re elected. We understand that there are now in this city upwards of three thousand men, awaiting an opportunity to join Walker’s expedition. Of course we have no meats* of verifying the report; but presume thr * all who have hitherto been looking town the Amazon, will now direct their attention toward lower California, the latest intel ligence from the former place being of rather a discouraging character.— Eve. Jour. It is said to be the intention ef the Gov ernor of Missouri to call the members of the Legislature together this winter, to devise ways and means to fa this speedy completion of the railroad? m iimt State now commenced. The cotton crop of Alabama, it ia said, will ehow an increase of one-third over the estimate made six months since, on ac count of the fine weather which has pre vailed ia that State for some time past. Another new Cotton Factory u> -hnrtly to be started in Lancaster, Pa. British soldiers a,f deserting i n gr?i ' numbers from Cun’*'a. V ' ' ir . taken.