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The Nevada journal. [volume] (Nevada City, Calif.) 1851-18??, May 26, 1854, Image 1

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VOL. 4. —NO. 5.
Office on Main Street, ever Wells, Fargo &
Co.'s Office.
l or one year. In advance. 7 5? <K)
I or rix inontbf 4 00
For three month,. 2 00
-ingle copit**, 20
Legal Blanks Of nil kinds fur sale ut this office.
Job Work >n nil Its varieties, promptly and neatly
« srented, al reasonable rates.
Advertisements inserted at low rates.
1.. I*. FlSHlili is our only authorized agent at
y r. u Franel-co. He may be lound at bis desk at the
M crclmnts Kschanirc.
A. HLLANO at Wells, Fargo 4* Co.’s office, is
< nr authorized agent at Grass Valiev.
•viii Co6r ii s cioci] 1 .
Ilmry A. Smith A (o.’s
Farm, Residence, Building Lots,
Watches, &c», &<*.,
Guaranteed to come till' at tin*
American Theatre Oa the 4th July, 1854.
To l>i“ huil nt the proprietor k, ut their office, north
" c.st I'nrnfr of .Montgomery and Merchant streeU. I
nr ut, all the priiM-i |i.i I bonk stores, hotels ami Saloon? ,
tlirnu-houi the citv ami State.
Gram) Prize---10,000 Dollars In curb, £lO,OOO
Grand Prise—One handsome Hcsidrnee,
• ensistiur "f rbre< nerei el lai.il, with a
i-eautilul cottage house, in the city of
’ *aklimit, ou Broadway, within five niin
e»«-s walk of the steamboat landing.—
I in- propi ietoisowii the propertv tmiliT
the I’craha title ami two years posses
sion -the same with .1 warrantee deed,
will be given the drawer. Valued at
Grand I’ri/i -One Ranch. consisting of
!uf( aercs of lam), with a good House,
I aniline utensils'. A--. This valuable
Ranch is located in tfan Jose Valley,
and •< held under a contrmed Spanish
title. A warrantee deed will be given
the drawer. Valued at
■| --Mat Two hmnlr. d and <i r!i Valuable
building Lots in the < 'ity of i 'aklnnd, the
Brooklyn of eau Francisco, situated on
Uroadway, within five minutes walk of
the lending. These lo's are amplestinn
Jtldy the most beautiful .-it.-s tor resi
liences in the Mt te, and are too we 1
Known to need description. ’I lie propri
etor-h-.hi the I’cralta litie and have
jins»-’rs : .oii. The drawer wi 1 r- eeive
«? in I'ee i!i ds. Sire Vex l O’l. Valu.d
low .f.-uu eaeii _
• Id'- -Two bum;rei 1 ami ten ring
J.’vei Watches. Hunting (.’a*” s. each
of eu nil value. Valued Jo ,-ion
,t o tj».i. iwo huo‘ , '. ed elegant Chinese
Sbaw ks, btjU cost. These shawls arc
•<>! the ' line quality as are sold daily in
ties city it ?(>u eueli: each one of equal
value. Valued at ?o0
iI.OOQ i
2 1,000
Hi’. ttie ui.ikrsigiud, arc acquainted with the
putties nw nitig the p.opcrty'oflered in this Kaffir,
ami also know the Heal lieiliilc referred to, ami wc ,
assure tin- l’u l lie that wc consider the title to the :
propertv is iiitii.-put.ible.
Hon. D. S. SIIATTIT’K. (
JAg. A. MOlll! It OX, M. 1).
The propiietors in conducting this Haffie bind;
themselves to i nrry it on in a manner that will be I
satis!' etory to all who mav buy tickets. 'J he draw I
ing vi ill be done by gentlemen chosen by the holders
of Tickets, each county in the State sending a com
mittee of one for that pur] osc. Maps of the lie.! 1 :
I,slate and samples of tlie properly may be seeu at
«mr office, corner of Montgomery and Merchants sts. j
(•'or the responsibility of the Proprietors of this I
If a lib’, ami that it will be conducted, with lame ty
end iateirri'v we refer 'o— *
His Lixe, 1 lenev ,i« 'UN BIGM.It,
Hon. H Di.NV'KK. See’v of State,
.1. H. 11 AHDKNH I . KG. Mayor ot Sacramento, ;
Maj. il’. H- HAKVI.Y, Si.rgT at Arms of Senate,
li. IVI L-SO V. Ilil-mii l‘ixeh.mge.
DAVID JONHS’, Hotel, .Vjeranvento Citv.
G. B. PREEAR, Agent, I'liet] »'» Hotel, Nevada.
\ orii ‘ii. 1-G I til.
AHP iiiidi-r-igued beg to ret n his
thanks io itie •-iil/.on- of V-vmJufor
1 tie till, rat p.hronatfc fliii-* tar bestow
,-J uj,oii liii establishment, audio in
form them that he is now ready to
wait on them
Xu hi* Now Brick Store, lately erected on
the corner of Main and Commercial sts.,
w here he 1...' tin a .'.dug busimss for ihe luf*t two years
and a hah. Hi t«.. k i- now L.Utiifß and Itm \.\lt 1P
TV (.'ItI'V fPi: than a; an\ f..nuer lime, having been so
’eeled jter*m.;Hv fmiu tin- I
Jitst JfuHStS 1:1 \tit. T J (UICLSCO)
\v)iich. w it Ii die praclir .1 i \;.erience of the nudcrsigueJ.
annul fail to give satisleeliim to all. All work purchased
.it this establishment. if it r p- before having done reason- j
able service, will be Repaired Pant or Chvr.w.
Havinff established himself permanently
oi Nevada, the uifilei dinn-d is desirous that his work shut
commend Ittiii to public court.loure and favor, nrnkil's»iil
be bis eorVuijm! aim ivi SteduiplDti this übj'-ct by doiua
. ii-le e to his customer--.
Ua Ims oho on /unof on assg tinent oJ.Siid' |
,1/enj. /Jame s, Whips, Spurs, Sfc. &c.
\. B. S'crgs-ry perfo 4n>-d ~n old Boots aad as
j-iinl. l.v no tiding 'be brio,l, ; l-fwlßcr Soles lil't Oil
libber ho, is and SU-’s. thus rendcrinj th»:n more du
■ ■ .1
and less injurious to health,
V hero V. ill also In’ a Pit * CTIO.*
’itiero wilt also be a Pit * 'Tlt-.VI. IIAUNKS? MA
*■; f.U in readiness to mak* and rspair at short notice, and
.ii reasonable term*. P. J- KSPKNSiTIKIU,
; -"f ‘earner of Main and Commercial sts
At "Main Street Bridge,” Nevada.
vjlK I having purdaoed
•the c’-fire inters’*! of bis lOrmcr partner. rc.specifi.Uy
a ounces, find it i« bis inteiitiun to make this
a- ilf R( 'tauror,t Fount U any if the kind
4 V iI, /** .4 .1
J)i the City.
V eu li iivor halt be used, and 1.0 evpen»*s spnivd, to
: q.j. phuo a tOMKOKTAMI.K AND UPIPT
ii - r lor their <jr»tertaiUHu'Ut. And he- i« irt la'ftes that
I. the en-operaitoil of those who have been in l.iscm
,v -1 ih'i: the opening ot the above mvtablishmcnt. u> ful
nicet tin- wantiv «£ the public in prcncni)
Uni my iudivid uat exeruoua shall be used to give satis
i...u io all who may give me a cnlt.
; .ball do a cash busiiK’ss. upon the most reasonable
and stri.-xly adhere b. leinperauce jmnnplew, as
iv-lofore. Nevada City, Nov w> QHUSH.
M. B. We are ready 1* give WEALS TO
SDER at all icanoliable hoars, ana OYS
ERS overy evening at reduced prices.
Kvevt AUrarlioH*
* Watchmaking E*taWishment,Coininer
al st.. Nevada City — lue hUov *:
r «»t Um* r»e?i wy.rLfQen m Hie Biftl*, will
liioruia Jcv%ck> ua every iU-.-cripitcm,snoriesr
ucdctf, <
AItic—ENGRAVING Well E*«c»ted,
AMifNBS act to' order.’ Donik-men defiring Gold
aded or otherwise uruameohptt Oavce made will do well
jlv« ii*si call. ■ J
• Mi MOP. ’martced fa Jvm J'ranklin
\ ’ ttmiauung.a Nuta of hand Jur *->O.. also other pa
- TbewiWCM li-ire tb« «f»ni>bT uppljing to T
nd 0.-iviog fo* tt.’* artV-frilsoUVApt
Trip Across (he Plains*
if any of our readers have not yet had
an opportunity of reading Delano’s Trip
Across the Plains we would advise them
to furnish themselves with a copy imme
diately. As a sample of the author’s man
ner of describing incidents, we publish
the following, which will be found exceed
ingly interesting ;
Daylight showed us nothing but rugged,
barren mountains, and instead of the grass
we had been assured of, there was not a
blade to be seen. All that there had been
grew on a little moist place, irrigated by
three small springs, and this trifle had all
been consumed by advance trains. The
water from the springs sunk into the ground
within five rods of their source, and entire
ly disappeared. It was now twenty miles
or more to Kabbitt Springs, the next water.
; Our wagons had passed during the night,
and were far in advance, so that we had
the prospect of a late breakfast before us.
Taking a parting drink from (he pure
fountain, we pursued our way in a north
west direction up the gorge to the ridge,
and then following down another ravine.
At the distance of five miles from the
spring we were upon the north-eastern rim
of another barren sand-basin, in view of a!
broken country far beyond. About the j
centre of this basin, wo overtook a wagon, j
standing by the road side, when we begg- 1
cd fora drop of water; but, alas! they had
none for themselves, and we were obliged
to go on without. Crossing the basin and
ascending a high hill, we overlook our;
train, jurt entering another defile on the j
north-west, when we refreshed ourselves;
with a cup of tea, made from the acid wa-1
ter of our vinegar keg. It revived us, and i
we pushed forward, anxious to reach the I
promised spring, for our cattle as well as j
ourselves stood greatly in need of water, i
The day was excessively warm yet we |
hurried on, and descending a couple of!
miles through a defile, wo passed the most j
beautiful hills of colored earth I ever caw. 1
with the, shades of pink, white, yellow and j
green brightly blended. Volcanic raoun- j
tains were around us, and under ordinary
circumstances we Could have enjoyed the
strange and peculiar scenery. Turning:
westerly, v»-c pressed on through a small
he.ain beyond the defile, when, after as-j
lending a little elevation, the glad shout;
was raised, “I sec where the spring is!”;
Several wagons bad stopped in the road,;
and a knot of men were gathered around a |
particular spot, which marked the place of j
the glorious element, and with parched :
tongues we went up. Judge of our disap- \
pointment. w hen we found the promised j
springs to be only three or four wells sunk ■
in the ground, into which the water pec
olated in a volume about the sire of a straw, 1
and each hole occupied by a man dipping
it up with a pint cup, as it slowly filled a
little cavity in the ground. Each man
was taking his turn to drink, and we had
ample time to get cool before our turn 1
came to taste the muddy water ; and as
to getting a supply for our cattle, it was :
out of the question. Beyond us, far as we
could see, was a barren waste, without a
blade of grass or a drop of water for thirty i
miles at least. Instead of avoiding the i
desert, instead of the promised water,
grass, and a better road, we were in fact,
upon a more dreary and wider waste, with-,
out either grass or water, and with a har- j
der road before us. We had been iuveig-!
led there by false reports and misrepresen
tations, without preparing for such a con
tingency, as we might have done, in some
measure, by cutting grass on the river.—
Our train came up, followed by others and
about the same distance to the spring ahead.
•Should We go back? Our cattle had already
gone without food or water nearly thirty
hours. Could they stand it to go back?
Could i hey possibly go forward?
While we were deliberating, four wagons
came in from the west on their return.
They had driven ten miles on the plain, and
seeing no probability of reaching water,
they commenced a retrogade movement for |
the river. A few of our older men hesita-
and were of the opinion that prudence !
dictated that we should return to the river. !
where we were sure of the means of going j
forward, rather than launch out into the,
uncertainties before us. But the majority, <
without knowing anything of the geogra-;
phy of the country, decided that they might I
as well go forward as back—trusting to j
luck more than to judgment—a measure 1
which reduced us to weeks of continued |
toil an 1 increased hardships. We came to j
the denomination that we would wait til!!
near sunset, as the cattle could travel better '
without watcrin the nightthanbv daylight.!
During the afternoon a poor fellow from
Illinois, named Gard, whom we had trav
! eled with on Goose Creek, and who was
emigrating with his family, came in, after
having gone on to the desert about six
miles. His cattle were exhausted, and it
was impossible in their present condition
i to go either forward or backward, and it
appeared to us all that his case was sad in
ideed, w ith a family of small children. If
| his cattle had given out entirely, the emi
grants would have done'all they could;
yet, in a burning house each one i* apt to
think more of his own safety than of his
neighbor’s. While standing at the Well,
j I recognised Colonel Watkins, who, with
all his judgment had fallen into the same
I trap with us. He had driven over the
desert about four miles, when the sattle of
i bis train gave ont. Two of them he got
buck to the spring, and got a little water for
them, which, with a small quantity of flour,
revived them so that they got through.
One dropped down in the.road, when the
Colonel took two pails and returned to Rab
bit Springs twice in a day, for two succss
ive days, and carried water, Which he dip
ped up with a pint cup, and gave the ex
hausted animal, thus saving his life. The
other cattle were unyoked and driven thro’
to Black Rock Spring ; when, after re*
cruiting a day, they were brought back,
i and hauled the wagon in.
While laying by during the day at Rab
bit Springs, I had a visit from ray old en
emy, chill and fever, but luckily it was
slight, and although it weakened me I was
able to walk after it. We started about
six o’clock, with anxious hearts and sad
forebodings, on our perilous trip. We were
on a level plain of ashy earth, where noth
ing grew but a few stunted sage and grease
wood bushes, with barren mountains sha
ding the horizon in the distance on the
north and south. Our cattle traveled well,
j for they had thus far been prudent/ driven,
and were in good heart, and we began to
; think it possible for us to get through with
out leaving our wagons. About midnight,
becoming worn out, I turned aside from
the road, and spreading my blankets, was
lost to the world and to myself in sleep, till
the morning sun was shining on ray eye
lids. Even the wolves did not awake me.
Distance from first spring, forty miles.
August 17.—As I walked on slowly and
with effort, a great many animals, perish
ing for want of food and water, on the des
ert plain. Some would be just gasping for
breath, others unable to stand, Would issue
low moans asl came up,in a most distressing
manner, showing intense agony ; and still
others, unable to walk, seemed to brace
themselves upon their legs to prevent fall
ing, whJe here and there a poor ox, or
horse, just able to drag himself along,
would stagger towards me with a low sound,’
as if begging for a drop of water My
sympathies were excited at (heir sufferings,
yet instead of affording them aid, I was
a subject for relief myself.
High above the plain, in the direction of
our road, a black, bare mountain raised its
head, at tho distance of fifteen miles ; and
ten miles this side the plain was flat, com
posed of baked earth, without a sign of
vegetation, and in many places covered
with incrustations of salt. Pits had been
sunk in moist places, but the water was
salt as brine, and utterly useless. Before
leaving Rabbit Spring I had secured about
a quart of water, in an india-rubber flask,
which I bad husbanded with great care.
H hen a tew miles from Black Rock Spring, j
I came to a wagon, standing in the road,
in which was seated a young man, with a
child. The little boy was crying for wa
ter, and the poor mother, with the tears
running down her cheeks, was trying to
pacify the little sufferer.
“ If'here is your husband ?” I enquired,
on going up.
“lie has gone on with the cattle,” she j
replied, “and to try to get us some water, j
but I think we shall die before he comes \
back. It seems as if I could not endure
it much longer.”
“Keep up a stout heart,” I returned, “a |
few more miles will bring us in, and we i
shall be safe. I have a little water left: I j
am strong and can walk it—you are wel- i
come to it-”
“God bless you—God bless yon,’’ said j
she, grasping the flask eagerly, “Here my !
child—here is water !” and before she had j
tasted a drop herself, she gave her child j
nearly all, which was but little more than i
a teacupful. Even in distress and misery, |
a mother’s love is for her children, rather 1
than for herself.
The train had passed me in the night, i
and our rattle traveled steadily without
faltering, reaching the spring about nine
o’clock in the morning, after traveling near
ly forty hours without food or water. If 1
ever a cup of coffee and slice of bacon was |
relished by man, it was by me that morn- j
ing, on arriving at the encampment a little ;
after ten.
We found this to be an casis in the des* I
ert. A large hot spring, nearly three rods !
in diameter, and very deep, irrigated about
twenty acres of ground—the water cooling
as it ran off. But we found the grass
nearly consumed, and our cattle could
barely pick enough to sustain li'e. The
water in the spring was too hot for the
hand ; but around it there was formed a
natural basin, with the water sufficiently
cool to bathe in, and U with many others,
availed myself of the opportunity to take a
thorough renovation, which we found ex
ceedingly refreshing.
Everything around bore the marks of
intense volcanic action. A lit'le above the
spring was the mountain which we had
seen from the plain, a bare pile ot rock,
that looked like a mass of black cinders,
which resembled those of a blacksmith's
forge. Desolation reigned around in the
full extent. The desert and the mountains
’were all the eye could view beyond the
little patch of grass, and the naked salt
plain which we had crossed, proved to be
the dry bed of Mud Lake. After the snows
melt on the mountains* and the spring rains
I come on, the plain is a xeservoir fur the
1 waters, making an extensive lake, which
the hot sun of * long summer evaporates,
leaving its bed dry and bare. Far tq the
south was another gorge* bounded on the
east by a light gray granite mountain,
which led to Pyramid Lake, and was.,the
route taken by Fremont to California, on
bis return from Oregon, • Beyond the
Black jock Mountain were other peaks,
which united with a chain north Qt
along the base which we were to travel in
a westerly course, that two
miles beyqnd was another and lar
ger oasis, towards evening resolved to
go to it- Just before «tart«iS» J climbed
Cq the top of. BiaoL hill. A# J as
cended towards the summit, the air grew
cold, and on the top I \fcas met by a rain
and hail storm, which chilled me through,
though only a few drops fell at the base.
I was glad to burry down into a warmer
climate, and follow in the wake of our train.
At the second oasis We found better grass,
but it was so filled with boiling springs,
that there was danger in leaving cattle
there. In one spring we saw the hide and
horns of some poor ox that had probably
fallen in and boiled to death, and in some
places we had to tread with care, lest we
should step into one ourselves, through the
tall grass. We were told of another fine
oasis, five miles beyond this, where there
was every requisite for a good camp, and
we drove on with the intention of giving
our cattle and ourselves rest at the first
good stopping place. Distance, twenty
two miles.
Correspondence of tho Nevada Journal,
New Orleans Flat, May IS, 1854.
j Editor Nevada Journal: Without preface,
we introduce you to New Orleans Flat. This
steppe, stage or intervale is situated in the N.
E. portion of Nevada county, about twenty
two miles from Nevada city. It is perched on
the left bank of the Middle Yuba, having the
thriving towns of Moor’s, Minnesota and Ne
braska in its immediate vicinage.
The probable area is one hundred and sixty
acres, resembling in outline an irregular gib,
bous semi-circle. Its discovery retrodates to
50, being made by a party of “down Easters.”
who named it Concord. The. white moun
tain state or the amicable relations of its set
i i meat inspired the appellation. To the honor
oi her sons either derivation is acceptable.—
Those pioneers being unsuccessful in their nas
ty pro.-pecting, decamped, shortly aftcrjocating
on a bar at its bast-, which they also called
Concord--a name retained to the present time.
Fortune favored their efforts there, enabling
all that embraced it—to go home with well
filled purses.
In 1852 a company of Southerners re
located the flat, and in honor of the Crescent
city, re-baptized it New Orleans. Stimulated
" ith that tenacious and chivalric ardor which
characterises the South,they prospected, proved,
and held on to the ground, though surrounded
by many difficulties and reverses. Many of
these can now look forward trustfully to a pile,
and sincerely laud that energy and persever
ance which guided them onward on mammon’s
race course to the winning post.
We tottered into this place early in 1853,
floundering in snow 5 or G feet deep. Our im
pression was that Liberian convicts were as
comfortably located and provided as our new
acquaintances of New Orleans. All nature
looked forbidding, dreary and desolate.—
Cabins, claims and provisions were scarce and
easily summed in catalogues. The mines also
were unfavorable—larger abroad than at home.
Candidly, wo mostly regretted the selection, and
imagined we were “ soldbut obstinately re
solved to bear company with our seducing con
spirators. The revolutions of mining have
since reversed all unfavorable opinions ; the
prosperous aspect of affairs making all radiant
and smiling, which in our initiation shewed
gloomy, stern and lowering. The Flat is now
dotted with numerous buildings, and contains a
population of over three hundred.
Comforts, necessaries and luxuries are al ways
“on hand” and in plenty. Several stores supply
all the requisite varieties of diet and clothing
at reasonable rates The mechanic] shops are
busy and prosperous.
Individual enterprise has erected two tem
ples and several shrines to the red -faced, bottle
nosed God of the vine—where repeated and
ardent libations arc fervently quafled by a
large and jolly crowd of sincere believers.—
Fortune also hath hero her lustrous, glittering
exchange offices. Her priests and devotees are
seductive and fascinating as in other sections.
Poverty, frenzy aud remorse are always in the!
train. Record to our credit that Sirens nor
Circe have here no representation or constit
uency—though we may confess that the re
straints aud precautions of Ulysses might be
necessary to restrict conversions, were the tem
ple opened for such amicable worship.
All our ladies are honorable “coverts” —ex-
hibiting virtue and marital fidelity in their
matronly fecundity.
Anglo-American energy supplies water in
great abundance aud at low rates. Our frater
nity are no longer green enough to take pipe,
clay for bed rock. Thirty -six cuts now perforate
the disc of the flat yielding a weekly crop of
about §3OOO. The above figures caa be relied
on, being obtained through a clearer medium
than that of the fallacious mirage of raining
reports. We call this “doing well” for incip
ient operations, and can confideqtally predict
heavy strikes at no very distant day.
The health of this place is remarkable —no
death having occurred endimiqally, natqrally
or accidentally, since its settlement. By this,
you’ll not be surprised that our doctors arc
engaged iu washingidirt, hoisting boulders and
packing pebbles, iq lion of concocting medi
cinss or prescribing Mcipes. That we be not
considered malicious to the revered faculty of
M. D.’s, we append that all professions are
levelled to equality in our hails of Ploutus
where favors are dispensed with that halloess,
blindness and indiscrimination which are the
marvel and wonder ol his motley subjects.
P. P. D.
John Carey has been sentenced at Au
burn for five years iriiprisonment in the
State prison, for an assault with intent to
commit a rape.
Spiritualism in Congress —ln the United
States Senate, April lOtli, Mr. Shields present
ed a petition, with some 15,000 names appen
ded to it, asking that a scientific commission be
appointed for the purpose of patiently, rigidly
and Scientifically investigating the phenomena
known as the “spiritual manifestations.” The
petitioners represent that certain physical and
mental phenomena of mysterious import have
become so prevalent in this,country and Europe
as to engross a large share of public atteition,
and that two opinions prevail as to their origin.
One belief is, that these phenomena are to be
ascribed to the power and intelligence cf de
parted spirits; and another is, that they may
be accounted for in a rational and satisfactory
manner, without a belief in the agency ofspir
its. It is to the investigation of this inte,*e*t
iug question that the petitioners ask tha atten
tion of Congress. On presenting this petition,
Mr. Shields delivered a very spicy speech
There was some discussion as to wnnt commit
tee it should be referred to. It was finally,
voted to place it on the table.
El Dorado Lime and Marble Quarry.- —This
property, which lies about thirty-five miles from
this city, has not been productive for some time
because the title was in dispute. It was sold
nearly a year since under an execution against
the El Dorado Lime and Marble Company,
and bought by Thomas Robertson, Esq., of
Ccloma. The parties accidentally in posses
sion refused to give it up, and he brought an
action of ejectment to recover the quarry. The
cause was tried at Coloma recently, and result
ed in a verdict for the plaintiff, Mr. Robertson.
The probabilities now are that this valuable
property will again be brought into use, and
thousands of barrels of lime bfirned there the
coming summer.
Fidelity.— Never forsake a friend when ene
mies gather thick around him ; when sickness
falls heavy upon him, when the world is dark
and cheerless, this is the time to try true friend
They who turn from distress to offer reasons
why they should be excused from tendering j
their sympashy and aid. betray their hypocrisy i
and prove that selfish motives only prompt and ■■
move them.
Deep. —The Evening Journal is inform
ed that the well being dug at the United
States Marine Hospital, has readied the
depth oi 220 feet, with no sign of water.
Within a months past about 3,500 Chi
nese have arrived at San Francisco.
More Duels —Two duels have recently
been fought near San Francisco, one of
which proved fatal to one of the parties.— j
Could it be so arranged that each parly j
should be killed, we should soon hear the j
last of dueling. As matters now stand, wc
suppose a certain class of men will continue !
to render themselves ridiculous in the eyes
of all sensible as well as truly brave men,
by fighting duels. Duelist?, even in the
English army, are classed in the London
Times as snobs. We hope shortly to see
the day when dueling in this State is con
fined to gamblers and shoulder-strikers.—
Camels in America. —The Committee ol
commerce of the New York State Senate
have reported in favor of incorporating an
American Camel Company, the object of
which association is to be the introduction
of the Asiatic Camel into the United
States for the various purposes of trans
portation. The capital stock is fixed at
SIOO,OOO. Should the enterprise prove
successful, as its projectors sangmnely an
ticipate, the result will be a step —perhaps
not a great step —gained towards develop
ing the resources of the west. Chas. \V.
Webster, the author, is one of the appli
cants for the charter.
Fast Travelling. —Dan Dean, Adams &
Co-’s messenger, expressed the news by
the John L. Stephens from Sacramento to
Marysville in two hours and twenty seven
minutes. Distance, forty-five miles- Av
erage time, less than three and a half min
utes to the mile.
Decent Death. —Rev. Jno. B. Meacham,
colored, pastor of the First African Church
in St. Louis, fell dead in the pulpit on
Sunday, the 20th ult., while reading his
text. His disease was an affection of the
heart. He was formerly a slave in Vir- j
ginia, but was set free and went to St. |
Louis, where at one time he was at the |
head of a large coopering establishment,
and next an extensive dealer in real estate,
and owner of a large amount of steamboat
stock. But for reverse of fortune, it is
supposed be would have left his family '
$300,000, or 8400,000. As it is he leaves i
them a comfortable fortune-
A Mysterious Affair — A large number j
of persons were collected this morning in ,
Market Street, engaged in examing a lot of j
old clothes, consisting of a shirt, pants and
vest, considerably torn and completely sat
urated with blood. Various were the sur-1
mises as to how they came there and j
whether they were connected with any
bloody trhgedy which has been committed
and escaped detection. As no light has
been thrown upon the matter it is consid
ered one of the most mysterious affairs
that has happened for this great while.—
•‘Murder Will out,”though.— Exe. Jour } 20.
The Know-Nothings have started a
newspaper at Washington called the Amer
ican Eagle. B. C. Wright and J. C- Den
nison, Esqrs., are its editors.
A Nut for Geologists. —-We learn from
our Georgetown correspondent, that while
tunneling in • Mameluke Hill, the rafters
of a building were found in a perfect state
of preservation one hundred and fifteen
feel below the surface ‘-fimpirc Co Axgiis
WHOLE NO. 161.
Paris, March 15, 1854,
Russian* In’thiode in* Hungary —I
learn by private letters from Hungary that
Russian emissaries are at work on a large
scale to get up an insurrection there, with
a riew to frighten the Emperor of Austria
i into a Russian alliance. It might be
thought that the Hungarian patriots would
not readily lend an ear to any propositions
emanating from the destroyer of their in
dependence; but in the Magyar element of
the population hatred of the Austran rule
is so intense that whole provinces are ready
to rise against it nnder any circumstances.
They do not look to consequences, but
desire only to have arms jn their hands.
Thus the Czar has a fine held for his
double game. He finds Hungarians ready
to rise at his bidding, nt the risk of being
betrayed, and when they are in arms he
will say to Krancis Joseph, “I alone can
save your crown.”
A Prosperous C t»'. —A Chicago paper
says that, nineteen years ago, there were
less than five thousand white inhabitants in
all the vast region of the beautiful country
tying between Lake Michigan and the Pa
cific Ocean! Now the number is between
one and two millions. Twelve years ago
Chicago contained a popnlation of five
thousand. Now it has over sixty thousand!
Twelve years ago eight or twelve days’
passage between Chcago and New York
was considered quick time in the most
favorable season. Now two days is the
■ average; nd it is soon to be reduced to but
three hours more than one day! .Six years
ago Chicago had not a single foot of rail
road completed. Now it has four hundred
and eighty-two miles completed in the.
limits of (he State alone, and over two
thousand in process of construction.
America Ahead. —Some time after the
peace of 1815, a distinguished officer of
the English navy visited the ship Consti
tution, then just new, at Boston, for a Med
iterranean cruise- He went through the
ship, accompanied by Capt. of our
“Well, what do you think of her?” ask
ed the latter, after the two had gone thro’
the vessel and reached the quarter deck
“She is a fine frigate, if not one of the
finest I ever put my foot on board of,” re
turned (he Englishman, “but as I muse
find some fault, I will just say that your
wheel is one of the clumsiest things I ever
saw, and unworthy of the vessel.”
Capt. B— laughed, and then explained
the appearance of the wheel, saying :
“When the Constitution took the Java,
the former’s wheel was shot out of her. —
Java’s wheel was fitted on the Constitu
tion to steer with, and though we think it
ugly, as you do, we keep it as a trophy.”
Advertising for a Wife.— E.W. D.
Clifford, a young man in India, who recent
ly advertised for a wife, says that he is
thoroughly convinced of the advantage ol
advertising. He says he lias received in
answer to his advertisment, 794 letters, 13
daguerreotype likenesses of ladies, 2 gold
fingerings, 17 locks of hair, 1 copy of Ik
Marvel’s Reveries of a Bachelor, 1 thimble
and two dozen shirt buttons. He ought to
be convinced.
7 'he Black Warrior. —The Charleston
Courier says that, in addition to the fin©
ol S r , r 'oo, the consigneesof the steamship
Black Warrior had to pay $5,090 of back
Melancholly Accident. — A man named
Charles Coburn, formerly of New Jersey,
was instantly killed at Mameluke Hill ,
on Thursday, 11th mst., by the premature
discharge of a blast. Empire Co. Argus.
Lost Strated or Stolen— A Husband
in Search of a. Wife. —The Richmond Va:,
Whig stales that a gentleman recently
passed several days in that city searching
for his wife. While on his return from
California tvifh her, he tarried for several
weeks in Mississippi, with a view of look
ing up ft suitable location for a settlement.
While there, by some accident he got sep
arated from her, and after many fruitless
searches, proceeded to his native Mate.
Massachusetts, thinking she might ha'-»
returned there. Being unable to hear of
her, he resolved to return to
and there renew (he search. Ho was on
his way to Mississippi when he stopped at
Richmond He seemed very much de
[jeeted, and worn down w ; th fatigue and
I*5SuA rumor had reached New York, pi'* 1
vious to the sailing of the steam°r, to the
that the American Minister. Mr. Bnchaiwn.
had concluded a treaty with England, in whica
that power renonneed the right of search- Ihe
'royal proclamation by no moans contains snob
a renunciation, and the t.m of the Britub
press is direct]}’ opposed to any pre muptiuo u.
i the bind.
The distance from Yrcka to Shasla, lo >
! miles, throurh a mountainous district, was
recently made by Adams & f o.’e mon
ger, on horseback, in twelve hours.
Plummer W. Thurston has been bound
over at Marysville in the sura of $3,000.
to appear and answer for his recent aggra
vated. assault on Dr. W inters of that city.
The boundary line between Galareras
and Tuolumne county was recently dispu
ted at Columbia, on the examination of
Marcel for murder.
Horse Thieves.—Thu fraternity, for some
reason or other, says tlxe Jackson Sentinel
have departed to parts where horse? *au
be stolen without the attendant incum
brance of alien staring tncin ill m

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