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W -- Ve will cing to the pillars of the temple of our liberties, .LADORDE, Editor P-msAbWEEt L R Edtr. and if it must fall we will perish amidst the ruius." VOLUME 3. RaWN=sLU 0. !. (S. 0.) nseh f, 1S3d. w* a The Edgeneld Advertiser. 18 PUBLItsED. EVERY THURSDAY MORNING. TERMS.-Three Dollars per annum ir paid in advane,-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents if paid before the expiration of Six Months from the date of Subscription,-and Four Dollars -if not paid within Six Months. Subeoriberl out of the State are required to pay in advance. No subscription received for loss than one gear, g. tnd no paper discontinued until all' arreArages are paid, except at the option of the Editor. All subscriptions will be continued unlessother wise ordered, at the end of the year. . Any person procuring five Subscribers dad becoming responsible for the'same, shall receive the sixth copy gratis. ADvERTIsxENTs 0o nicuodsly inserted at 621 cents per square, forihe first Insertion, and 431 cents for each continuance.. Advertisements not having the number of insertions marked on them, wilt be continued until ordered out, anJ charged accordingly; All Advertisements intended for publication, in this palier, must be deposited in the Office by Tuesday ceing. All communications addressed to the Editor (rosT-PAID) will be promptly and strictly. at tended to. ORDERS. No. 58. HaiD QUARTERS, Columbia, Jan. 27, 1638. S 1r1 HE Commander-in-Chiefhas received' the melancholy intelligence of the death of Brigadier General 0, J. Trotti of the 3rd Brigade; and in ordering the usual tokens of respect, he is paying but a feeble tribute to the memory of an Officer whose integrity and beneficence endeared him to his Brigade. In his zeal fi'r the organiza tion and improvement of the militia, and iin his anxious solicitude to discharge faith fully the arduous duties which his commis sion imposed upon him, Gen. Trotti was conspeuous as an officer,whilst his kindnese of manner, emanating from a benevolent heart, secured for him the respect and es teem of those with whom he was associated -by his office. 1. The o1icers of the 3rd Brigade will wej upon the hilts of their side arms the usual badge of mourning for thirty days,and at the first regimental parade after the date of this order. 2. Brig. Gen. A. H. Brisbane will con mnand the 2nd Division until a Major Gen eral shall have. been elected and commis sioned. 3. Col. J. H. Iiogg will command the :3rd Brigade until a Brigadier General shall have t-ensi,'ected and commissioned . 4. Gen. Brisbane will forthwith order an election, according to law. for a Brigadier General to Command the 3rd Brigade. By order of the Contnander-in-Chief JAMES JONES, Adjutant and Inspector Gen. Jan. 29, 1838 c 52 Tne Columbia Telescope, Charleston Mercury and Courier will copy once a week for three weeks. CAUTION. A L. L. persons are hereby forewarned from trading for a certain Note of Hand, given to me by William I)ohy, for Seventy five l)ollars, payable to me or bear er, on the first of January, 1839. Said Note has been taken from my possession without my consent, I therefore caution said W. Doby from paying said note without my consent. her ZELPI1A ;- NOBLE. Jan 1, 1838 c 48 mark. NOTICE. A LL persons indebted to the late Jo seph Brunson deceased, are reques ted to make immediate paymnent, an all persons having demands against the estate of said deceased are requested to present them duly attested. TIIOS, BRUNSON, Admin CALEB TALLEY, istrators. an.41838 t 48 Notice. - LIL persons indebted to Mrs. Ilarrie' .. Miles, deceased, are requested to make immediate payment, and all persons having demands againast the estase olsaid deceased, are requested to present them duly attested. D)AN1EL HOL LAND, Admnr. Jatn. 15 1838 tf 50 Notice. &LIL persons having detmanids against the m's 11tate of Matthew Dalton, deceased, late of Edgefield District, will hamnd thems into the subl scriber, dulty attestedi, within the time limited be law, anud those indebted to said estate will nsaky immedinte payment.i M. UlRAY, Jan l8, less d 51 Admainist rat ,r. Wouutk Carolina. - EDGEIFIELD DISTRICT MA RK L AMAR of said District toll, LV.before me one (lark cream Ihorse, with white main and tail with a streek iin his free andi a wart on his left thigh, and somie appearance of being hipt in thme right hips five feet five inches high. Appraised by Thmos. Powell andi A brami Laumar atseven ty-five dollars. D. ATKINSON, J. Q. ann. 31st 1828. e. 3 Indian Panacea. JUS tcie a fresh sutpply of INDIAN PANACEA at the Edgefield Medicine Store Edghefieild C. H April 3, l1837. 9)1s To Dire.. A Young Negre Womnan capnle for Ilouse or Field. A pply ait Mr. Penn's Store. t4. Fe1h in t e ft 2 Petit Golf Cotton sees T H 8nbarlber of'er. for sale ghout OaE TRIuoisino Bushels of .PETIT GULF COTTON S SED, the product of "an (mu portation direct from the Hills of Petit Gulf in 1835. Also, a few bushels imported from the sameglace.thelast yew This seed his been carefully selected fron tha early and best part of thelastyear's crop. Price oftheformer 25cents and the latter 50 cents per bushel. Early appli cation must be made at his residence on Horn's Creek, Edgefield District, on the Stage Road, and five miles below the Village, opposite Horn's Creek Meeting Horse and abotit Tour hUndred yards from the road, on the right side going down to Heimburg. ROBERT WATTS. Jana29, 1838 d 52 The Greenville Mountaineer and Pendleton Messenger ae requested to give the above two insertions, and forward tlieir accounts to this Of fice for paytnents - Naunkeen Cotton Seed, For Sale. F ROM four to five hundred bushels of genuine Nankeen Cotton Seed can be had atone Dollar per bushel by apply ing to the subscriber at Mr. James Bones' JOHN II. HUGHES. Jan. 11837 c 48 Jist Received By N-COSON & PRESLEY Good assortoment of Men's and Ladies' Saddles, Bridles, Martingales, Whips, &c. AL SO. Fresh Cheese, Irish Potatoes, Ijc. They now. have on hand a good assortment of DRY GOODS, ind expect constantly to keep up a general as ortment which they will sell.on reasonable terms Jan 17, 1838 C50 NOTICE, WILL pay a liberal price for a quanti ty of Seasoned Waggon Timber, of nll leseriptions, except spokes and Ibliows. rhose who have timber for sale are reques ed to inform me without delay. WHIT. BROOKS. Jan. 15 1838 b 50 Notice. ALL persons indebted to the estate of Matthe Devore, deceased, are requested to make )ayment; and all persons having demands against ie estate of said deceased are requested to pre sent thetn duly attested. WM. BRUNSON, Adm'r. Jan 18,1838 c51 Notice. ALL persons indebted to the late Ths. Rains ibrd, deceased, are requested to make in nedinte payment, and all persons having de ,vands nnainst the estate of snid decensed are re uested to present them duly attested. M A RTIIA IIAINSFORI), Executrix. Jan 10, l:36 f 49 Notice. A LL persons having any dem.mds against the Estate of G. Anderson, Sen., deceased, are requested to present them, and those indebted to smake pnyment within the time prescribed by law. A. ANDERSON, Adns'trix. Jan 10,1: I'If 4 Notice. A LL persons indebted to the Estate of John lIackwell. decensed, are reqested to nuke immediate payment, amnd those having der ::ds to present thesm properly attested. G TENNANT, Administrator. March 28 18:37 tf afO TIOE. A LL1 Persons indebted to the late Charles ''husmas, decesed, nre regnested to imake pay ment: and all personms having demands against the estate of said deceased sre reqested to pore. 4ent thetm duly :attested. JAS. F. ADA MS, Nov 127, 1r837 tf Adminisratr. N7Vo ti ce. A LL persoins havinr demantds against the Es tate of William ''. Abney, deceased, are re uested to render them to the Subscriber proper. IV attested, by the first of Fehruary' m'xt. And i)rose who ae indebted to said Estate are re quested to make payment in bills of time Bank of Ile State if South Carolinn. IICIIAltD) COLEMAN, Dec 12, 18:37 g 4-> Admsinsist rater. NOTIC E. A LI. personms indsebitedl to thse estaite of Samneo Caildwell Esq1. laite ofA bheville District dec'd are regnmested to smaike panyimenit innnediately, iad those haivinsg demanimds to presenit thmi dialy at tested witin time timie prescribed by law, to esther of the sublscribsers. JOh!N COTIIRAN,) A. G. CALDWEILL August 9. 18:37 tf 28 *O TICE. LLPesonis inidebited to the Ilate Chir'- - ianiiHreithanptli, dcese.d, aret regrLast ed to miake ismmeidiate' paiyment. Anid all persons hmavinig dleman mds agaminst thme estate of said deceaisedl are regniestedl to present them duly attested. JOHN BAUTSKETT'I, Er'or. Pseb. 215. 3-tI NOTICE. A Lpesnsidetd nothe ot Jeffer son iehrdso, dceasd, re request ed to imiake imusmdiate paymenmt, and all persons hasvinig demanids auginst thme estate of said deceased are requested to presenst thmems dimly attested. JJI'GNJ. RIC i A RDSON, ' dmin tMarch 8, 181(; if-5 N~Io Uice. A LL. Persons imdlbted to thme kite Mrs. THe hmetlanmd ~dmims, dlecesedr, are requmestedl to imaske imnnniediaite pnymient, timd all personms haiv inmg demasm sa gainmst thei estaite' of stid de'enised aire regnemested to psresenut the-mm slily aitte'~tste. Dcc 1.1~37 DEN-J. MIMS, Exeentor. Devate mueoss. STAN2AS. Sing on-sing on-young sinless heart, When morn first gilds the sky, The merry birds from slumber start, And warble as they fly. Joy's flutt'ring wing will glance as bright' In dawning Hope's delusive light, As in the perfect day: Then let the weary love the night ! 'Twas made for such as they. Laugh on-laugh on-gay, thoughtless on}! For it is summer, now; 4 Why shouldst thou weep, when fortune's sun Is shining on thy brow? Vun gaudy cloud, that floats on high, May hide a tempest, lurking nigh; Laugh, then, while laugh you may ! [.eave care and grief to- watch and sigh: Why mourn with such as they ? Sloep on-sleep on-fond, trusting fair ! Love should no vigils keep, thou dream'st of bliss; too soon, despair May wake thee-but to weep. file summer-breeze, that kiss'd the rose And drahk its breath, now idly goes ro warton with the vine ; t Sleep on ! thy guardian-spirit knows [f such a fate be thine! Press on-press on-ambition's son! The goal is yet towin ; [leaven grant thecoursewhich thou will rup, I Lend not to shame and sin; Fond hearts are crush'd and left to pine-t the ransom of a soul like thine, Their price could never pay; 3ut. onward to the glitt'ring shrine ! Why pause for such as they ? Miscellanacoass. Great Inprortment in Domestic Econom, Dispensing with Coal as Fuel.-We have this week to notice a discovery which will produce a greater change in the arrange mncuts of domestic life, than' any discovery perhaps that has been made for a hundred years past: we allude to the substitution of gas for coals in the warming of houses, in cooking operations, &c. 'he principle on which this is done is so very simple, in its application so very easy, as to insure the speedy and extensive adoption of the im provemet in every place where a supply of gas can be obtained. The principle is as easy to describe is to api ly. and id simply this; the mixture of gas with five or six times its bulk of atmospheric air, and the burning of the mixture through wire gauze. The modes of doing this may be varied according to the taste and fancy ofthe con sumer. and great room for the display of taste is aflorded. but we shall describe one of the simplest modes of application, as best suited for general purposes. Suppos ing then, the fire is wanted near the ordina ry position of the grate, a gas pipe is laid to the sp)ot, andl the jet is fixed pointing up wards, so tis to be about fotur itches from the floor or hearth stotne. The jet is sur rounded with a sheet iron pipe, or cylitnder of a diameter frotm 3 1-2 to 7 inchtes, ac cording to the quantity of fire wvanted, and of thte height required. say from one to two feet, and thte cyhitider is covered with a ptiece of hine wire gauze, kept to its place by a smnall iron htoop, circumuscuibing the cylinder in the samte way as the hai r cloth is seenared on the cotmmtotn sieve. We: hatve spoken of the mixture of gas witht five or six times its quantity of attmos pheric atir, atnd thte qutestion ma~y arise, htow are 'we to mix subtstanesg which are neither visible tnor tangible? It fortunately happens thtat nto care ott this point is neces sary. Thel hottom of the cyltoder whtich circumscribes the jet, and in which the mtxture of air and gas takes place, has sutpporters fastetned ont it to raise it an inch or t wo fromt the floor, or opetnitngs are cut otut of the cylinder itself, so as to admit the air freely to enter at the bottom. Those opetnings cant he easily varied by dampers to admit stuch a quntity of air as may ott trial be fotimd tmost advantageous. The top of the cylitnder may pass through an iron plate, whIch may he kept on u level with a wire gatnze, and which plate will serve to bold cotoking utensils in the kitchetn, or matmle-piece ornaments in drawing rooms, ,tituini rooms, aitd bed rootms. If this ton plate, as it may be called which may be of any size or shape required, be exactly on a level with the wire gauze, then It will be necessary to place on it a small stand so as to keep the bottom of a pan, or kettle, three or four inches from the wire gauze. A perforated piece of cast iron -nay be laid on the top of the wire gauze, for the purpose of raising the flame a title above it. and of thus rendering it more durable. _ We need scacely add, that any number of these fire places cnn be fate! up in a kitchen range, so that if room permit, a dozen or a score of pots' may be boiling, each one its own fire, while to make one )oil fiercely, & another to simmer slowly, no labor with poker and tongs is required : ill that is necessary is a small touch of the op cock, by which every fire in the range may be tnnde to burn with diff'erent degrees )f intensity. With respect to price, it is found that one et will he quite sufficient for the ttooking and warming purposes of an ordinary small amily, occupying a room and kitchen, and who are in the habit of keeping only one ire burning. In the lighting of fires, no :hips, no peats, no pulling and blowing with mouth or bellows is necessary ; and what in many cases is highly important, no ime is lost. A person in kindling a fire ias only to turn the stopcock, apply a luci 'er or other match and his fire in a second s in readiness for boiling a kettle or frying t beef steak, either of which it will do in a -ery few minutes. Here, then, are coals vholy dispensed with-here is a total scape from the nuisance of cinders, ashes, lust, and what is still more annoying woke. The discovery which we have been at empting to describe, we fear rather imper ectly, was made by Mr. James Cook, blanager of the Gas Works here, a gentle nan of teste and scientific skill, who has lone more perhaps than any other man in wcotland, in improving gas illumination. 1. i.: has no intention of inking out a pa ent for his discovery. lie has permi"ed u. ": ' it no fully as we please, that all vI choose may reap the advantages. %. mny state in conclusion, that our of it. was yestenly fitted up in a plain way with this new variety of Promethean benme Icence, so that those of our loc readers who may not understand our description Tully, may call and have that description il lustrated by ocular dewonstration.-Paisley Advertiser. Isaac Wtilton, in his admiral Lives, after mentioning characieristic anecdotes of Hor bert, adds: "In a walk to Salisbury, he saw a poor man with a poorer horse, that was fallen under his load ; they were both in distress, and needed present help, which Mr. Her bert, perceiveing, put oft his canonical coat. and helped the poor man to unload, and af ter to load his horse. The poor man bless ed him for it, mid he blessed the poor man; and was so like the good Samaitan, that he gave him money to relish both himself, and his horse ; and told him, that if he loved himself, he should be merciful to hit beast.' Thus he left the pbdr man, and at his coming to his musical friends at Salis bury, they began to wonder that .Mr Geo. Herbert who used to be so trim and cleat came into that company so soiled and dis. composed ; btut he told them the occasion: anal when one of the company told him 'ha hind disparaged himself by so dirty an em ploymtent, " his answer was, " that the thought of whatt he lad done would prova miusic to him at midnight: and that the omissiont of it would have upbraided ana made discord in his conscienice whaensoev. er he should pass by that place. For if he bound to pray for all that be in dis tress, I am star that I amnbonad, as far ai it is in any power, to practise what I pra) for. And though I do not wish for the hike occasion every day, yet let me tell you,] would not willinagly pass one (lay of mn3 life writhtout comfortinag a sad soul1 or show ing mercy; aud I paraise G~od for this oc cason. AndI now let us tunte our instru ments." CuLTUaE OF TiHE MIND.-The culturl of the mind should engage your early atter tion, that you may sooner profit by its cout sels and its powers. Mind is the great mat ter powver, which instructs, guides and abrit ges human labor-the grand source of initel lectual pleasure-a faculty which distit guishes man from the brute, anad which, a it is more or less cultivated, marks the grn dations in civilized society. Say no: tha you have no leisure for this, that your timr is engrossed inl providing for your animne wanits. Franklin found time to bestow uipo his mind, hirth and useful cnlture, ami ti cares and labors of an active mechanic's life. The hours that the avocations of the farm allow to study, amount, in the aggre gate of early life, to months and to years. Knowledge is power; itis *alth; it is respec tability; it is happiness; it enduree with life. The mind may belikenedtothesoil. Both are given to be inaproved; and the measure of our enjoyments, and the welfare ofseie ty, depend upon the good or bad culture *e bestow upon them. Indolence may be compared to the coarse marsh plants which feed upon the soil and taint the air, without yielding any thing comely or useful inre turn, for man or beast;-intenperance, to broken down fences, which permits beasts to enter and conlsume the earnings ol'indus try, and beggar the offspring of the owner, litigation, to the thorns and thistles, which rob the soil of its fertility, and mar the beauty of the landscape. While, ou the other hand, the faithful application of knowledge to the useful purposes of life, may he likened to the draining and manuring, which give fertility to the soil, the good habits which we estab lish, to the good culture, bestowed by thi hsbandman-indicative alike of cheerful ness and plenty;-and the embellishments of the mind in literature, science and taste, to the gardens and grounds abounding ill all that is grateful to the senses, which should surround and adorn our rural dwellings, and beautify the countrys You have chosen an employment which is honorable, profitable and independent. Devote to it your best powers, till you have become master of'the art,or of such branches of it as you design to follow-and until you have acquired so much of the science-a knowledge of the why and the wherefore of the great laws of nature, upon which good husbandry is based, as shall enable you to conduct your operations with judgement and success. "Who alais at excellence, will be above mediocrity; who aims at mediocrity, will fall short of it." So the udage teaches, and so is the response of experience.-Buel's Address. A Compliment well descrc'l-and an Er ample of Imitation.-W- have already al luded to the many es ekznt impromptu sentiments produced at ic Lthrrrial Fes tival; and now express our regret that they were not gathered up for publication. There is one, howe'er, which deserves to be rescu ed from oblivion, as well for thejust compli ment which it pays to the memory of an illustrious man, as for the good example which it inculcates. Mr. T. W. White of the Messenger, being prdvented by recent domestic affliction from attending the festival; trqusmitted the ibl lowing toast: "ChiefJustice Marshall.-Justly revered for his many vir tues and ubstillied integrity. One trait in his character deserves universal adoption by newspaper patrons. He never aufered himself to be in arrears to the periodi cal for wh he subscribed."-Richmond Whig. New Kind of Spectacles.-An impostor, apparently lame id both legs, his arms in a sling, and a patch over one eye, presented himself for charity to a crusty old fellow, who could see as far through a mill stone as most leol)le. "A little charity forthe sake of humanity! I have been almost cut to pieces fighting the battle of my country, and am now. as yoti can perceive. fjauite a spectacle." "Yes,' was the answer, "I see througl you quite distinctly." T1he French Chamberof 1eputies contains 178 functionaries of various kinds. Amon1 the members are seven ex-ministers, 5% advocates, 12 of whom have been magis trates, 1 ox peer of France, 41 ex function aries, 21 military men, 15 bankers, 57 mer chants, 15 iron masters, 4 literary men,. agriculturists, 4 landed proprietors, 3 naota ries, 3 physicians and I soldier. 18 deputies are members of the Institute. Ia the gardena of Lambeth Palace which cover nearly 13 acres, are two of the largest fig-trees known in England; they cover a surface tupwa~ ,of 50 feet in height and 4( in breadth, trunk of the largest is 2E inches ini circumference, and they are ofth4 B white sort. It is said on good authority they were brought from Italy, and planted there by the Cardinal Pole, who was creates -Archbishop of Canterbury by Queen Mary -"We have lost," said a gentleman at th -table of the late Dr. Pearse, Dean of Ely. s no loss than six eminent barristers in an a -many months." The Dean .who was-quit at deaf, rose as his friend finished his remarn e antd gave the companmy grace: For this an 11 every other mercy, the Lord's name bi n praisedl." The effect was irresistible.-E, alleus, papnr. More's Electric Telegraph.-It is with sonsedegree of pride, that it falls to our lot irst to announce the compleW success of this wonderfti piece of mechanism, and no place could have been found more suitable to pursue the course of experiments neces= eary to perfecting the detail or uiachinery, than the Speed*ell Works. replete as they are with every convenience. Prof. Mora quietly pursed the great nbject; anti has finally suggested thb possibilty of convey ing intelligence by electricity, but this is the first instance of its actual transmission and permanent accord. The telegraph consists of four parts: 1at. 'The llattery-A Cruickshanck's gal vanic trough of 60 pair of plates, seven by eight and a half inches each. 2nd. The Portrue-a..An instrument which regulates the motioh of the rule. The rate answers to the stick tt the printers, and in it the type representing the numbers to be transmitted are passed beneath the lever which closes and breaks the circuit. 3d. The Register.-An instrument which receives & accords the numbers sent by the Portrulo from any distant station. 4th. ADictionary, containing acomplete vocabulary of all the words in the English regularly nitmhered The communication which we saw made through h distance of two miles, was the following sentence:-"Rail Road carsjnst arrived-345 passengers." These words were put into numbers from the dictionary. the numbers were. set up in the telegraph type in about the same time ordinarily occu pied in setting up the same in a printing office. They were then all passed complete by the Portrule in about half a mintate, each stroke of the Portrule atone extremity marking on the register at the other, a, distance of two miles, instantaneously We watehed the spark at one and the mark o the pencil at the other, and they, were as simultaneous as if the lever itself had struck the mark. tithe marks or numbers were easily legible and by means of the dictionary were resolved again into words. The superiority of this telegraph over all hitherto invented is, that day or night, in clear or in foggy weather, intelligence can be sent instantaneously. The advantage to the Government and the country of such a means of communication are incalculable. Morristown Jerseyman. [The cost per mile for constructing an electric telegradh is estimated at about S600] -N. York Com. Ado. CorrespbitesAc the Baltimono Cor. Transcript. uNOTOr, Feb- 14. Air. Morse, the inventor of the Electro Magnetic Telegraph, exhibited his machine in the Capitol to day, to the gratifieation of every one that saw the ingenuity of his in vention. Nothing cfU be more wonderful than to witness the manner in which the most mysterious of all agents, is made to convey to a distance the i.iformation by means of characters. The Machinery is too complicated, for me to give you an idea of the way this invention works, and yet a short explanation from the inventor makes it at once simple and intelligible to all. Mr. Morse exhibited two immense rolls of sheathed wire wound round a steel bar, which on being subjected to the galvanic fluid, h wad the bars to be highly magne timed, though the wire the fluid had passed through to them, was ten miles in length. This fully proved the prarticability of ap plying this powerful agent on a large scale. The invention ham excited great interest among the members of both Houses. Ely's News Gigantic White Wheat.-T his is a new variety of winter wheat imported from England and raised near London. The size and weight of the berry stbrpasses any thling of the ind which we have ever oxatmined; the straw is stout, anid measures from four to Ave reet in length. We would i vi our agricultural friends to call at the store of Air. Win. Blristol of this city, and look at it, and if they do0 not say it is a little better than the best we wvill acknowledge that we are no jud ge.-Oncida (N. Y.) IIrhig Distilled Spnii.-John Cooper, ineipec tor general of distilled spirits for the cly of New-York, reports that he has inspected within the past year, 24,845 bhls. 3074 hhds., and 8506 casks of distilled spirits, containing in the aggregate,.2,451,000 gallons 1st proof. Courge.-lt is not the daringnesw of Skicking a waiter at the tavern, it is not the strutting with a cockade, dressed in scarlet, s it is not uttering oaths and imprecations at e every word, which form the characteristic ' of true courage That man only is brave who fears nothing so much as comnmitting a men action, anti undauntedly fulfils -. hi duty, whatever may he thme dlangers tbat (ee,atan Masare.--Chan. &.C. Bradr.