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. LADORD s, Editor. -"We will cling-to the pillars of the temple of our liberties, and if it must fall we will perish amidst the ruins." VOLUME =. U vI=L= C. . <.. ->match B, 183s. The Edgefeld Advertiser. IS PUnLiSED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING. TERMS.-Three Dollars per annum if pat in advance,-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents if paid before the expiration of Six Months from the date of Subscriptiou,-and Four Dollars if not paid within Six Months. Subscribers out of the State are required to pay is advance. No subscription received for less than one gear, and no paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid, except at the option of the Editor. All subscriptions will be continued unless other wise ordered, at the end of the year. Any person procuring five Subscribers and beconung responsible for the same, shall receive the sixth copy gratis. ADVERTISEExzTS conspicuously inserted at 624 cents per square, for the first insertion, and 434 cents for each continuance. Advertisements not having the number of inrnrtlons marked on p them, will be continued until ordered out, and charged accordingly. All Advertisements intended for publication in this paper, must be deposited in the Office by flhesday eveshlhg. All communcations addressed to the Editor, (PosT-PAID) will be promptly and strictly at tended to. 0 ORDERS No. 58. HEAD QUARTERS, Columbia, Jan. 27, 1838. T HE Commander-in-Chief has received the melancholy intelligence of the death of Brigadier General G, J. Trotti of the 3rd Brigade; and in ordering the usual tokens of respect, ie is paying but a feeble tribute to the memory of an Officer whose integrity and beneficence endeared him to his Brigade. In his zeal for the organiza tion and improvement of the militia, and in his anxious solicitude to discharge faith fully the arduous duties which his commis sion imposed upon him, Gen. Trotti was cotispeuous as an officer,whilst his kindness of manner, emanating from a benevolent heart, secured for him the respect and es teem of those with whom he was associated by his office. 1. The officers of the 3rd Brigade will wear upon the hilts of their side arms the usual badge of mourning for thirty days,and at the first regimental parade after the date of this order. 2. Brig. Gen. A. H. Brisbane will com mand the 2nd Division until a Major Gen eral shall have been elected and commis sioned. ,. Col. J. II. Hogg will command the 3rd Brigade until a Brigadier General shall have been elected and commissioned. Gen. Bri bae will forthwith order an election, accor ng to law, for a Brigadier General to Command the 3rd Brigade. By order of the Commander-in-Chief JAMES JONES, Adjutant and Inspector Gen. Jan. 29, 1838 c 52 Tnc Columbia Telescope, Charleston Mercury and Courier will copy once a wcels for three weeks. NOTICE. A LL persons indebted to the late Jo seph Brunson deceased, are reques ted to make immediate payment, an i all persons having demands against the estate of said deceased are requested to present them duly attested. THOS, BRUNSON, Admin CALEB TALLEY, S istrators. Jan.4 1838 tf 48 NOTICE. ALL persons indebted to the late Jeffer son Richardson, deceased, are request ed to make immediate payment, and all persons having demands against the estate of said deceased are requested to present them duly attested. BENJ. RICH ARDSON,) idmin THEOfIIILUS HILL, Iistratorsa. March 8, 1836 6f- 5 .7'otice. A LI Persons indebted to the late Mrs. Be hetliland Mims, deceased, are reqested to make immnediate payment, and all persons hay ing demands against the estate of said deceased are requested to present them duly attested. BENJ. MIMS, Execntor. Dec 9, 18~37 tf 45 N7OTICE. ALL Persons indebted to the late Chris t5. ian Breithaupt, deceased, are requbst ed to make immediate payment. And all persons having demands against the estate of said deceased are requested to piresett them duly attested. JOIIN BAUSKETT, Er'or. Febi. 25. 3-tf Notice. ALL persoins indebted to the Esta'te of John J:.hlakwell. deceased, are requested to mauke immtediate paynmetnt, and those having der~ands to present thiem propserly attested. G T 'NNANT, Administrator. March28 1837 sVR ALL Persons inidebted to the late Charles .1. Thomas, deceased, are reqnested to make payment: and all persotns having demands against the estate of said deceased are requeisted to lpre. semnt them duly attested. JAS. F. AIDA MS, Nov 27. 183l7 tf A dnmnist rator. Notice. ALL. pesn htaving any demands ngainst the -I. Estate of tI. Anderson, Sen., dleceasedi. are regnested to pre sent thetm, and thosem indebted to muake payment within the timei prescribed by law. A. ANDEltSON, Add, 'riir. Jan 10, 1:% t 49 Nansakccua Couoea Seed, Feo' Sale. R- O)M .,mr to five hunadred bumshels of Vgeinuino ankern Cotton Seed can lie had at oneo Dollamr per bushel by apply ing to the stubscriber ait Mr. Jinmes Bonies' JOUIN II, hlUGhEfs. From Hoe's Every Day Book. TO THE SUMMER'S ZEPHYR. Zephyrs, stay thy vagrant flight, And tell me where you're going Is it to sip off the dew-drop bright That hangs on the breast of the lily white In yonder pasture growing; Or to revel 'mid roses and mignionette sweet; Or wing'st thou away some - fair lady to meet? If so, then hie thee tawny, bland boy, Thou canst not engage in a sweeter employ. 'From kissing the blue of yon bright sum mer sky, To the vine-cover'd cottage, delighted, I By, Where Lucy the gay is shining ; To sport in the beams of her lovely eye, While her temples with rosea she's twining Then do not detain me; I sigh to be there, To fan her young bosom-to play 'mid her hair!" SUNSET. Soft o'er the mountain's purple brow, Meek twilight draws her shadowy gray ; From tufted woods, and valleys low, Light's magic colours steal away. Yet still, amid the spreading gloom, Resplendent glow the western waves That roll o'er Neptune's coral eaves A zone of light on evening's dome. On this lone summit let me rest, And view the forms to fancy dear, Till on the ocean's darken'd breast, Ti. ;tars of evening tremble clear; Or the moon's pale orb appear, Throwing her light of radiance wide Far o'er the lightly curligg tide. No sounds o'er silence now prevail, Save of the murm'ring brook below, Or sailor's song borne on the gale, Or oar at distance striking slow. So sweet, so tranquil may my evening ray Set to this world-and rise in future day. Miiscellaneous. ROUND ROBIN. One of the best legal stories we know of is that RoundRobin, as it is familiarly call ed in the lower circuits of North Carolina, and owes its humor to the very fertile and cultivated mind of a lawyer, who is still alive, but in a distant Western State. All the lawyers attending Court about the year 1810 boarded at the house of Mr. S.---, who at the beginning of his life, as a publi can was assiduous and provident, but riches multiplied, and Boniface became lazy, crusty and parsimonious. his accommo dations, as they are usually called, from being the very best, had by degrees degen erated into the very worst in the whole country. This was borne with mutterings from time to time until in a fit ofdesperation the whole fraternity of lawyers, after mature deliberation in Congress assembled, Re solved to quit the house and go to another in the same village. The duty ofannoumac ing the separation was devolved uponi the gentleman above specified, who wrote thme following, and sent to tihe Landlord, signed with the names of all the decidents in a round ring belowv. A DECLARATION. "*When in the course of human events. it becomes necessary for a half huangry, half fed, imposed on set of men, to dissolve the bands of Landlord amnd boarder, a de cent respect for the opinions of mankind, reqtuires that they shoukd declare the causes which have impelled them to the separa tion. WVe hold these truths to 'oe self evident, that all men are created with mouths and hellies: and that they are emndowed by their Creator with certain unalienable righsts, among wvhich, is that no man shall 1be comn pelledl to starve, ouit of mere complaiance to a Landlord ; anti that every mami has a right to fill his belly and wet his whistle with the best that's going. The history of the present Landlord of the White Liom is a history of repeated in. suIts, exactions and injuries, all having ini direct object time establishment of absolute tyranny over their stomachs and throats. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world. lie has reftused to keep any thimg to drink but buln-fmced ...i:~.:.. He has refused to set upon his table for dinner, any thing but turnip soup with a little bull beef and sour-crout, which are not wholesome and necessary for the public good, He has refused to let his only servant blink-eyed Joe put more than six grains of coffee to one gallon of water. He has turned loose a multitude of fleas and swarms of bed bugs, to assail us in the peaceful hours of the night and eat our sub stance. He has kept up in our beds and bed-steads standing armies of these merciless savages with their scalping knives and tomahawks, whose rule of warfare is undistinguished destruction. He has excited domestic insurrection amoigst us. by getting drunk before break fast and making his wife and servant so be.. fore dinner, whereby there is often the devi to pay. He has waged cruel war against nature herself by feeding our horses with broom straw; and carrying them off to drink where swine refused to wallow. He has protected one-eye Joe in his vil lainy, in the robbery of our jugs, by pretend ing to give him a mock trial. after sharing with him the spoil. - le hascut off our trade with foreign ports and brought in his ball-faced whiskey, when we sent him to buy better liquor abroad and with a perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, he has been known to drink our foreign spirits and fill our bottles with the most dire portions. le has imposed taxes upon us, to an enormous amount, against our consent, and without any rule bui his own arbitrary will and pleasure. A Landlord whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a tyrant and a miser, is unfit to keep a boarding house for Cherokee Indians. Nor have we been wanting in our atten tion to Mrs. 8- . or Miss Sally. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity we have conjured them to al ter a state of things which would inevitably interrupt our connection and correspon dence. They, too, have been deaf to the voice of justice. We are therefore, con strained to hold all three of these parties alike inimical to our well being and regard less of our comfort. We therefore,- make this solemn declara tion of our final separation from our former landlord, and cast our definance at his teeth. From the Charleston Patriot. ENCOURAGEMENT OF LITERA TURE BY GOVERNMENT. The legitimate mode of encouraging lit erature by Government is the advancement to civil stations of those individuals who have distinguished themselves in intellectu al pursuits. This should he the reward of literary or scientific merit in a republic. In the absence of a system of pensions, by thus uniting civil with literary honors, ge nius is flattered and patronized, while the republic is served and elevated. General Jackson gave his administration the crown ing grace that embelished a great name, when he placed Mr. Wheaton as Minister near the Court of Denmark, and Messrs. Irving and Legare in Diplomotic situations in London and Brussels, Mr. Van Buren seems no less anxious to pursue this liberal -this sagacious path, Ile has constantly promoted to ollice those whose literary ge nins and acquirenments render their a-lvance-. tmcnt an act flowing from the justice which should mark the Chief Magistrate of a re public, instead of the mere grace and be nifice wvhich chiaracterise such promotions in a Monarchy. The late applointment of Mr. Bancroft to the collectorship of Boston is an acknowledgement of this principle wvhich event political enemies applaud, while it is a theme for exultation to political friends Mr.iBancroft by his history of the United States has earned the chaplet of history. With Mr Wheaton's IHistory of the North men, and Mr. Prescott's Ihistory of the Reign of lFerdinand and Issabella of Stalin it will elevate the literary character of the U. States." This is the system of literary rewvard in France, btut not in Great Britain. Thbe for mer recompenses her men of genius by giv. ing them ollices-the last by giving them pensions. The first not only conifers civil distinctions on her citizens made illustrious by science, but decorates them with ordera. It is but a short step from the Institute to the Council-from the Lectureship to the Magistracy-from simple Citizenship to the Peerage. In this manner all the talent which is available by enlarged study and high intellectual cultivation is enticed into the service of the State. It is founded in narrow prejtudice that literary or scientific nurstira dusqtnalify for civil station. All study Id meditation whatever invigorates g the i llect. All modes of investigation a give e largement to the understanding.- ii All reasoning on the reldtions of things ii sharpeds the capacity. Of this truth the e Frencl Government seem to be fully cen- d scions. Did Cuvier make a less able Mag- ti istrate from- having explored the depths of it science' Did his researches in Compara- n tive Anatomy interfere with his noble plans y of educhtton? Did Casimer Perrier pre- g side witb less dignity or genius in Council a from haying earned distinction as a Philso- e opher? has Con'in, Arago, and a host of I French Savans proved themselves incapa- u ble Statesmen, when transferred from the h Lecture Room and Cloister to the Legisla- 11 five Assembly, and the tribunal of Magis- y tracy? 'lave the liumbolts given less vig- h or to the Prussian Councils from having t shed lustre on science? 0 In Great Britain the largess of the Mon- % arch doles out a miserable annual reward ti to personages made eminent in literature and science, in the shape of a pension.- t The literary or scientific man is a mere % sinecurist with pauper Lords and Ladies ! p How degrading to the receiver? How dis- r honouring to intellectual pursuits? How fa mean in its principle? How little promo- n tive of justice or the ends of a noble liber- ' ality? The association between intellect si in its several spheres of exercise-the union gi of men of Letters with Statesmen whose pursuits are exclusively political, presents a combination that is reciprocally benefi- al cial to the State and in general intellectual s' culture. The man of abstract inquiry, who T meditates on general principles, by his al. a1 liance with men of action and technical de- a tail, accomplishes that interfusion of theory a with practice 'vhich best realizes the idea it of perfect statesmanship. The historian who sagaciously explores the springs of % human acyon can best assist to unravel the h' tangled wob of political intrigue. T.he man s of large general cultivation carries into the 0' conduct of human affnirs that well balanc- G ed mind,that liberality of philanthropic tr spirit which are the best foundations of civil el polity and political administration. It is fr therefore the rankest prejudice that abuses ri the incompetence of literary and sci- It entific men for a political life and career.- ti Machiavel was a profound historian us well c' as an accomplished Statesman. Cicero al was as wise in Council as he was richly in- ti bued with the truths of Philosophy and se ladened with the treasures of general knowl- ti edge. si We feel proud then that the Republican 'I Administration of the new world have be- c gun to act on the principle of giving oflice c' to literary an.d scientific men where it cap a be done with propriety. This opens the c' avenues of honorable ambition, in active C life, to those against whom they have been closed in that country from which we have copied so many of our usages. But if in h any land it is allowable to permit the lauels that decorate the brow of the Statesman to t become entwined with the wreaths of liter ature & Science, surely it- is in this, where the Constitution in theory draws no line. between the citizens, except that of talent c and virtue. ANECDOTE or Da. RooEas.-The Rev. s John Rodgers and several of his hearers O were once summoned to appear before Sir u Richard Craddock, a justice of the peace, e rfor worshipping God according to the die- a tales of theirconscience. WVhile they were (I waiting in the great hall, expecting to be a called upon, a little girl, 6 or 7 years old who was Sir Richard's grand daughter, hap- t pened to come into the hall, she looked at Mr. Rodgers and was mtuch taken with his. venerable appearance. Being naturally ~ fond of children, he took her upon his knee caressed her,and gave her some sweetmeats. L The childl being a particular favorite of her ' grandfather, had acquired so great an as cendancy over him that he could deny hert e nothing, and possessing too violent a spirit to hoar contradiction, she was indulged in every thing she wanted. At one time,when she had been contradicted, she ran a pen knife into her arm, to the great danger of her life. Trhis ungovernable spirit was in the present instance, over-ruled for good. While shew'as sitting on Mr. Rodgers' knee, eating the sweetmeats, she looked earnest ly at him and asked, "what are you here ror, Sir?" Hie answered, "I believe your grandfather is going to send me and my friends to gaol." Upon this she ran up to the chamber where Sir Richerd was, and knociking with her head and heels till she got in, she said to him, "What are you go ing to do with my good old gentleman in the hall ?" "That's nothing to you " said he, "get about your business." "But I wont," says she; "he tells mmeetat me, nmc , oing to send him and his friends to gaol, nd if you do send them, I'll drown myself n a the pond as somn as they are gone: 1 will g deod." When he saw the child thus per- a mptory, it shook his resolution, and in- t uced him to abandon his design. Taking 2 te mittimus in his hand, he went down a ito the hall and thus addressed these good o an': "1 had here yegf mittimus to send * ou all to gaol, as you deserve; but at my s randchild's request, I drop the prosecution g ad set you all at liberty." They all bow- n d and thanked his worship. But Mr. o Lodgers going to the child, laid his hand '] pon her head, and lifted up his eyes to b eaven said-"God bless you my dear child! i lay the blessing of that God whose cause t nu have now pleaded, though you know I im not, be upon you in life, at death and d ) all eternity!' The prayer of the good Id man was heard, and many years after t as graciously answered in her conversion >God. An additional fact may increase the in- G !rest of this anecdote. A son of Dr. R. ho was, years after this. participating the oliteness and hospitality of a pious lady, o ilated at dinner the above incidents of his ther, for the entertainment of the compa y. When he was through, the lady says, g re you the son ofthat Dr. Rodgers?'Ilo an vercd yes. She replied, "I am that little rl."p il The Dying Man.-It is a very terrible s ad amazing thing to see a man die, and -s lemnly take his last leave of the world.- n he very circumstance of dying men is a it to strike us with horror. To hear such p man how sensibly he will speak of the t her world, as if he were just como from e rather than going to it ; how severely he i ill condemn himself for the folly and il ickedness of his life; with what passion t will wish that he had lived better, and had e rved God more sincerely ; and how seri- 0 sly he will resolve upon a better life, if t od would be pleased to raise him up. and y him once more; with what zeal and arnestness he will commend to his best iends and nearest relations a virtuous and ligious course of life. as the only thing at will minister comfort to them when icy come to be in his condition. Such dis urses as these are very apt to move and I Tect men for the time, and to stir up in em very good resolutions. whilst the pre nt fit and imprvr:sion lasts ; but because lese sights are very frequent, they have so ildom any permanent effect 'upon men. hey consider that it is a very common tuse, and sinners take example and en >ragement from one another; every one is Iected for the present, few are so effectualy mvinced as to be-take themselves to a bet mrse.-Tillotson. ti Prussic Acid in the Blood.-The following arling fact is stated in Dr. Sigmoud's etures on Materia Medica. However ex aordinary it may seem it has been proved y actual experiment, that the pruximate rinciples of Prussic acid actually are pre :nt in our bodies, and may under sonie cir wmstances, be developed. "This very poison, a small quantity of rhich pure and concentrated killed profes or Scharinger, at Vienny when diffused a the naked arm may be said toexist within s and circulate in our frames. It can only be btained from us with the greatest facility finer death, lbut isa formed in certain iseases of the fluids of'the body. The blue ain which is imparted to linen from blood :a state of decomposition, owes its color to is deadly poison." A Steam Wind Instrument.--We notice a the United States Gazette, that Mr. korris of Philadelphia has applied a trom one0 to steam locomotives, which is played ,ith such a gusto by the steam, that it can c heard many squares, tooting away above be noise of the steam emngine cars. Not ontent with a single pi po, Mr, N. is about a atdd several of dillforent keys, so thet there ay be a concert a steam instruments.--N. K. Star. The quiet quaker population about Cam en. N. J. opposite Philadelphia, are out ather ferociously against horse racing. tcounty maeeting at Woodbury denounces lie Camden course, and says racing is no etter than gambling in disguise-and they re fer inferiority of breed in horses to a de ravied race ofmen, "a nuacheus for the dregs f society," &c. The peparatory Sabbath rainings on the course on Sunday seem to iave excited much indignation. They ask ar a renewal of the repealed law prohibit ag horse racing. Fancy without judgment is all sail and no nIltad. Apprentices in the Navy.-Webelieveit is ot generally known among parents and :ardians, (says the. U. S. Gazette,) that by law of Congress in 1837, apprentices are aken into our navy to serve until they are 1 years old. They are taught reading, writing, artbmotic, navigation, and the art f seamanship, and are well clothed. After erving out the time of their indenture, they till be promoted to the situation ofgunners, unners' mates, quarter ganners, quater casters, and other situations of respeciahility n board ship according to their merits. "his is one step towards increasing the numn er of native born seamen for our navy, and will be the means of giving employment hundreds of boys that might otherwise be ropght up in idleness, which often leads to ,isgraee and ruin. We would be glad to ee a law of Congress requiring our mercan ile marine to carry apprentices. It certainly would not be objected to on the part of our merchants, whose ships are now filled with sreign seamen, of every country, who can ot feel that interest in the welfare of the hip and cargo, that would be fu t by our wn hardy sons of the ocean. How to raise a Blister.-The Lnneet ives the, following quick and simple mudi f raising a blister: "The surgeon cuts a piece of brown pa er of the size and shape he intends vesicat ig. This being well damped or moistened rub water, is placed on the limb affected; a Moothing iron, (such as is used by washer romen,) being previously well heated, is pplicd over the moistened paper, this plan reduces a vesicated surface almost instan mueously, being effected by the steam gen rated by the contact of the hot iron and toistened paper. This method of blister ig, being more speedy and less painibl aan that commonly adopted, is now gen rally used in all cases where it is a mutter f importance to produce immediate vesica ion." GEORGE BANCaOFT, the autior of the listory of the U. States, has been appointed ,ollector of the Customs for the City of loston. The Madisonian thus notices his appointment; "George Bancroft has been appointed ,ollector of the Customs for the ports of loston and Charlestown, in the place of )avid Henshaw, resigned. Mr. Bancroft t one of the finest scholars of the country. nd perhaps the ablest historian of the age. ;is history of America, the second volume f which has just been published, has been onsidered equal to Gibbon's History of the toman Empire, in point of profound his arical research and philosphical acumen. Ve know not how he may fancy an exchange f his delightful literary retirement for the urmoil of a large commercial Custom louse." From the Jackson Republican. TurNcas wE HATE.-We hate to see very ittle men ride very big horses, for if they hould fall, the probability is that they would ;et hurt. We hate snakes, unless they rattle. A nan is a fool to be bitten after fair warning. We hate to see a man without money, and ave a pocket full ourself. Prudence says eep it, and the world cries hold fast; so poor onscioetce is kept quiet by public opinion. We hate to hear people in church sing brough their noses instead of their throats. t may be a very sanctified way, but not a >leasant one. We hate to pay our own debts, but expect very onel to pay us. We hate sin, and like religion. We hate men who are smarter than us to ae constantly ringing it in our ears. If the vorld thinks a man smart, it does not mater sow big a fool he is in reality. We hat. to see a young man go into a grocery in day.light to take a drink. It ooks so like dissipation. And thea goodt aid mother 'Morality is apt to go inito lira uhenever she hears of it. An extensive Editorial Force.-A Crrman - aper bas heen started in Philadelphia which s edited and published by six doctors, one najor and three privates, besides which they lave beena promised assistance in the way of 'ditorials from four lawyers and a literary ild maid. Fire and Fury, Guns and Thumder. ['he first number of a neutral paper, com notnced at Naples, (Illinois) contains the 'ollowing :-"With fearless footsteps we'1l read the billows beneatika sky of' wrath, mur halyards tipped with fire, carrying with is a tongue ofthunder, and none shall con juer unmil the last armed man has deserted ir fallen in the conflict." This museh sa .