Newspaper Page Text
FMn6 te pow"rrp..deserqf CAr. Mrsary.
WAsuIeGo. May 17, 1838.
Iathe iouse., ist nigkht, the previous
question wais called on the Treasury Note
Bill,- and the naii questin 'was ordereJ
.o be put, by the Speaker's easting vote,
making the vote, Yeas 100, Nays 99. The
Bill.wan then ordered to a third reading,
306.to 99. So it was evident that -some
miotbers Ivere wavering and undecided as
to their ultimate vote, and endeavored to
shun the question, until it should he ascer
tained which way it was going. The
Fill was passed, and -then Mr. Rariden
ikovedt a reconsideration. The motion to
i. tsider was taken up this tnorfing. and
ovious question was ordered, to cut
6a1b. After a call of the House, which
;ht every one in the City to his seat,
the question on the motion to reconsider
was taken, and there appeared. Yeas 110,
Nays 109. So the motion to reconsider
actually prevailed, which, for a mouent,
ptod ced quite a sen--ation in the House.
I tut the question was not decirled yet. The
Speaker of the House had not voted - and,
under a rule of the House, he has the right
to 7Ve, when hisvote will make a tie. S8
t 'enker rtso and ioted in the negative,
nni' delared the vote to he, Yeas 110, Nays
110, and the mnot ion to reconsider was,
therefore, not carried. So the Bill was re
leased aud sent to the Senate for concur
Mr. Boon renewed his motion to take tip
the Resolution to rescind the Specie Circu
lar, but it was lost.
ThiHouse took up for consideration the
Messagtiof the President of the U. Stntes,
in.rcatio to the occultation by Great Bri
tain; of the mouth of the River Columbia.
The question being on the disposition of the
Ar. Cushing stated that this was a subject
ityolving the peace, the ittterests und the
lonor of the country ; and that there was
nmple proof that Great Britain had deter
rined to take possiession of the country oq
.tlie Pacific, in violation of our rights. lie
gaid he should feel it his duty to urge the
atteetion of the.liouso and tie country.
AIr. Adans, mpokeati great length in ex
;Pottion of-the gro4ds of our claim to the
emantry. and declared that our claim was
good fram latitude 142 to 60 storth: and
that Great Britain ha4 not the shadow of
pny claim to the couui. -Before we fotght
for it, however, he Aqh4fd.lIke to see it ic
cupied by the United Sates'. and wanted
also some further documiennry proof of the
ineachmen ,of Great Britain upon it.
Mr. Cisfifng1aid lie would furnish the
proofs called for.
The'ienate was enraced all (lay on tle
Distritlpuk Bill. and did tint dispose of it.
The Treiiiury Note Bill from the House
- - May21.
The Treastiry No& Bill tas signed by
the Presidept this morning. Before lie re
ceii6d it; the last dollar of the ten millions
n Treasury Notes authorized under the
nat of Oct. last, was issued. The ttmount
which can be issued immediately, under
the new bill, is about six millions; for that
sum ham. by this time. heen rpfstl Inen tho
Treasury and cancelled. The .President
sent an order to-day, for the immediate
issue of a .million.
In the Senato, to-day, Mr. Clay presen
ted a Memorial prayig for the establish
ment of a National Bank, and look occasion
to make some remarks upon the subject,
and to advocate the establishment oeth
an instittion, tunder some restrictions, which
hie pointedl out. lie inisted upon the ne
cessity of adoptin:: sotme eflicient means fi,r
prevecnting such a Bank from refusing pay
ments, and also stigges,ted the p)ropJriety oif
rescuting bill holders from all possible loss.
by pledging a particular ftind for the re
dlemptiont of the hills, as is done undet the
genoefal banking law of New York. He said,
however, thtat lie did not intend to offer any
project for sueh an) institutioni to this body,
wvhichi might he considered as a packed
jury. Butt it was evident that Mr. Clay,
though lie did not offer the pi-opositiotn for
the Senate, offered it for the- publi.
Mr Allen and Mr. liuchatnian replied to
his retmarks, and opposed the scheme of
a re-ostabilish.menit of a National Banik,
ns unuconstitu tional antd itiexpe-dint.
The tummorial was laid on the table. The
Whiig scheme for a batnk is now saidl to lie a
sixty illion batik to bie established at New
York, with Mr. Gallatiu as its piresidett.
So, Mr. Bi'ddle is dropjped. Mr. Clay
said to-day, thtat his preference was a new
Tihe dlistrict Batik Bill was again taken
up, and it was amended Ott motioti of Mr.
Bienton, so as to continute the charters of
the honks fortwo years only and upon cer
tain condtitions. Th~e bill was then passed
to a third reading.
in the Hlouse, tn-day sundry petitions
* * ~ were presetnted ; one of whlichl, offered by
Mr. Adams, prayed for the expuilsion of
tha;t timetmber ftrom the House. Mr. Drotn
goolo pronouincedl the pitper to be a gniz;
atnd it was laid on the table; but MJr. Adlamsa
wished to refer it to a s:-leet coimmitee.
Mr. Boon has dlropped( his proptosition
for reeinsding~ the Specie Circtilatr for the
p resent. The Florida War Appropriation
Bill was ttaken up in Commiittee of the
WJhole. it will elicit sotme debate, atnd
pretty warm debate. The amotiut enalled
for immediately is about thrtee millions.
An attempt will be tmade to stop all further
expendlitures on this war after the 1st of
June, but without success.
* May 22.
-A debate arose tn both houses to-dlay,on
t he suabject of the Cherokee Trreaty', which
moust be etiforced to -morrow, the 53rd, ac
cording to law ; Usat is to say, the,.removal
oif the Indtians must commenee to-morrow.
(Git. Scott has with himn a force, including
Militia, of abotut 8000 men, and will have
a greater force. lie is instruc'ted to carry
the remnovatl into effect, and to preserve the
peace.of the cotuntry. News was receited
hiere last night of the murder, by the Chero
kees of the Surveyor General of Georgia,
and ether citizetns of that State, within the
limita of the Cherokee Couty, which had
exasperated the Georgians and Alabamni
ans,very much as wvas evident it, the debate.
- At an early hotira Message was received
from the President tratnsmittitng a letter
from Mr. Poinsett, Secretar of War, to
John Ross and others of the 'herokee Del
*6ationi, 819W in this city, Shi Relep.
tion hed 1hid before the Pr
fot a neir Treaty bond on ret
sidb. The letter gives tho
their final reply. It offiers-ohm conces
sions of a very liberal nattre, in tA6 bope
and with the understandirig that It will re
concile the whole tribe to removal. It des
.not.grant all that Ross requires., but ft
poses,with ihe-assent of the States of or
gia, Alabama aind Tennessee. to prolong
the time allowed for the removal for Iwo
years, and to give the Iridiaus all the neces
ary protection, mneanwhile.and even to suf
fer them to manage their own removal in
their Qwn way. undercertain restrictions. -
It oilers to grant the Cherokees a patent. in
perpetuity, for their new country West of
the Mississippi, which the Government al
ways contemplated granting to the emi
grant tribes, and-agrees that no territorial
or other Government shall be enforced over
the Cherokees without their assent. It
considers a further sum for the expense of
removal, and the payment of arrearages
andl annuities under former treaties, and
the continuance of annuities granted by the
Treaty of 1819, for two years, provided
Congress shall assent thereto, but it refu
ses to Allow a sum for the Cherokee county
in addition to the 5 million fund stipulated
in the 'reaty.
Messrs. Clay and King of Alabama.
Cuthhert of Georgia, and others, expressed
the greatest surprise, regret and indignation
at this movement on the part of the Execu
tive.. They said they had not been consult
ed in it, and utterly condemned it, as inja
rious to their $tates, and well calculated to
provoke a protracted and bloody war with
the Cherokees. They said eventis had been
brought about in this matter, of which the
Government had no knowledge,by the mur
ders lately committed by the Cherokees,
at the instigation of the piretended chief of
that nation, with whom this negocintion
had been opened; and they moved the Sen
ate that the States concerned would go on
forthwith to. execute the treaty, whatever
might be the course of the Government in
regard to it. They said that the States
immediately concerned would never as
sent to any delay; aid but for this treaty
Georgia would not have waited so long for
their removal. They spprued and repudi
ated the document and would not agree
that it should ever be referred. Mr. Web
ster said that it was the prevailing opinion
n the country that the treaty was fraudn
lently obtained. This was his own opinion
as expressed at the time of its ratification
here. If, as the Secretary of War propos
ed, any thing could be done to lessen the
injustice of our proceedure, he hoped it
would be done. If a little money was all
that was wanted for this purpose, he was
willing to grant it. Mr. Calhoun said that
the Sccretnry of War wished to make the
removal easier and more speedy by prevail
ing upon the Indians to assent to it. To
remove them without their assent would tie
difmicult. If five hundred thousand dollars
would peraiade them to go, after a reason
ably delay, he trusted it would lie given.
The matter was- laid aside for the present.
The same metsage was discussed in the
House and referred to the Committee on
Iudian af'airs. Most of the day was spent
in the consideration of the sttject of ie
President's mes relation QM-b,!
cupation by r itain ot the territory
of the U. States on the Mississippi.~ Mr.
Adams says we have twenty-eight degrees
of that coast that we may, atid probably
must, fight for; and he is for occupying it at
Froin the Vashinglon Chronide.
TJIlE HON. WM. F. GORON.
WAe ha~ve obtained permission to publish
the very intergsting letter from this distin
guished Republican to a memberof Con
gress, wvhich the reader will find below. It
contains ficts of no littie interest to the pubh
lie,.as well as to individuals. The reader
will doubtless remember that Gen. Gordon,
was the member to Congress who, in 1834,
'.5. first Introduced the bill to divorce :he
Government from all banking instittutions.
Under what circumstances this popositiim
was originally mat ured, and moved umay be
seeni by a perusal of the letter itself.
AL.BEMARLE, Ya. Miay y.
My Dear Sir- Youtr letter of the 30th
April, is jtust received, in conseqtuence of
my atbsence in attendance on the Superior
Court of Orange.
You say that you had seen it stated in
the public pirints, that I was note opposed to
the sub-Treasury system ! do far from it,
there has not beetn a moment since I pro
posedi the subject in the House of Repre
sentatives, in which I have doubted, either
ont policy or principle, lied General Jack
son's A dministration adopted the scheme
at the timte it was proposed, the shoek of
suspension, lby the banks, might not have
occurred; o.i if it had, would have been
greatly mitigated, in its effect, both on the
people and the Government. Other coun
eels, however, ruled the hour, and the time
most nuspieious to its introduction was lost!
It was with great surprise. hut with high
gratification, that I found thle succeeding ad
ministration reecommnending it as a great
measure of reform. I have never been-.e
nought a party man, to abandon my own
opinions antd principles,- becaume of their
adoption by those with whom I do not a
gree on all subjects, and being more andl
more convinced of the wisdom, and Repub
lican tendencies of this great lbut simple
measure of reform in the Administration of
the Federal branch of our Government, i
have given, and shall continue to give, my
dlecidled support to the Administration, so
far as this subject is involved. My gramifi
cation at the recommending of this measure,
has been dashed by the ahuse which has
been poured on our talented andm tpatriotic
friend, Mr. Calhoun whose opinions I well
knew on this subjec.t, since its first move
ment. Indeed, I drew the bill, which I re
presented to the House, as a substitute for
the State Bank scheme in consultation wuithi
him; and although he preferred' as a moas
tire of policy, to renew the charter of the
United States Bank for a short period-in
that measure, he looked to a similar result.
His consistency on this subject comes in
aid of the transeendant ability with which
he hasurhaintained his opinions, and shields
him, itt tunprejudiced minds, from every Im
p utation thrown on his motives. I am sure
he will persevere;t I trust he will receive the
powerful aid of the Administration; success,
(of which I do not doubt) will be an achiev
ment, worg~yto he Inseribed on the repnbli
can banner or" '98t" and the civil glory of
;he era will not be surg.assed by ayr in eug
l7at, f ifsimuch cond b
h cna 0t theit day. wv
forsW li,eI head,4e *hall rn pli
rv 4 dovernmem by disvonne 'rosm
1emi1ac iesafid: k lnnlemth attks,
lher t ot' Federal; And ti Iii the
lannunge of Mri Jeferson, in hiOl r to
Mr. Miadln-rvin'99. h'eredf- "th to
of the United States ought to hei may
bo made, as simple as thome of Mon
farmer." -Thus much tlhite It it
just nd proper to say to.yot both- g'tnrd
to Mr. Oalhoun?a consfsteny and. own
constanry; and I am sure you will with
me, m' the hope that the State RI riy
every where, mqy he Arm and c tent:
that they have remained true t6 ' fth
of their fathers, amidst the lie -*nil
persecutions ofthe pas, they will iter
now, on a great questi. of delive and
liberty; that having braved the I rs of
powder, they will despiseahe -med ags of
inferest;-that having resisted the ra of
a "lnurelled hero," ensrhrined in th.'grati
tude -if his eountry, they will no vild the
Consfitution ofthircountry,to th'dmois
of more monev-dealers.
Most respectfully and sincerely youw*ieud,
WiM. F. dtORD N.
PHILADELPIA, Maiy'17. -
Scandalous Ontrage Against LAseand
Deceiscy.-We learn that the Pennsylvania
Hall was attacked n Wednesday evening,
by a mob of disorderly person-, apparently
about three thousand w ho demolished fhe
windows of the edifice, atid wounded sever
al of those assembled within it.
We learn that the assailants objected to a
promiscuous associal ion olblacks and whites
in ihis Hall. This is an affair of tAte.
Philadelphia again Disgraced by a Brutal
Mob.-The Pcnsylvania Hall Burntl
We scarecly dare give vent to our feelings,
in announcing the burning (of the Pennbyl
vamia Hall by a mob!
The building was forced open last evening
aboutb O'clock und fire set to it, in various
places. it was un-occopied at tihe time,
and we believe no resistance was offered to
On fle 4,rval of flhe engines, they were
permitted toiplay upon the adjoinug pro
perly. An immense concourse or people
were assembled by the con.dagration. and
whean thle roof fell in, a shout of exultation,
was sent forth, as if Liberty herself had
been set free, and the throne of a tyrant had
A by stander in the crowd. who seemed
to have just arrived in our city, asked us
what was the character of tle building otn
which the vengeance of a demoniacalonob
had thus been w reaked, and we were obliged
to arswer, "it was a Hall dedicated i4free
discussion on subjects not of an insMral
It may lie proper to add, that ther of
the building falls upon h cay, a 'ng
to. a law enacted a year pr two g
say we are uether abolltioiut, or eda
tes of abolition, or that we disapprove alto
gether of their course; but while we make
this disclaimer, we musl say that we are no
mobites, or advocates of mobocracv.
We live in the land of laws, and their
shield should protect, or their sword punish
From the PhiladdJphia National Ga:eue.
WVe have received ans account of a riot
which took'place last evensinmg out side of the
large new building called the "&Pennsylvns
mnin Hall," lately openeai 1 this city fur
scientific and psolitical discussions and lec
tures, inclsuding the disussion of the ques
tion f abolitionism. Last evening the hall
was crowded with about three thousandl
persons, to hear a lecture biy Mr. Garrison
anid others. Of the audience about one half
wecre female. It was promiscuously rom
posed of .white and ulack people.
Al the close of Mr. Garrisots's address, a
mob out .de was very noisy. Mirs. Maria
WV. Chapman, of Boston, theou addlre,sedl
the meeting for several minutes. She was
followed Mrs. Anglica E. Grimke WelmI,
Lucretia Mott, of this city, & A'sdy Kelley.
In tihe mueantimc. the emib increasemd and
becamse more unruly, and thsrew various
miasses a' thle wiudows,tsa further injury was
dosae thans brea king,the~ glass, as the -linda
insside pmrtected the audience.' A qulatter
befor'e toen, thse comRpnnay retiredl amid the
cries and groans of the muob, who blocked up
the street on every side. One black man
was knocked downs with a club.
BALTIMoRE, May 21.
Fu-then Disturbances.-T he d ist urbances
in Phsiladelpshia, it appears, did no)t tertmins
ate with the buirning of Pennssylvania Hall'
On Friday ni;,ht an~attempst was made to
barn the Orphsan School fort colored ho7s,
in Th'lirteenth, near Ciallo whill street, which
is thus msontionecd in the Inquirer of Satur
"We learn from various sources that it
was rumored in the course of the (lay, that
an A bolition meeting wvas to have heen held
ina the school rootm. This created some ex
citement, and a large concourse of people
repaired thitber about half past eight, brke
itt the edifice, and as is supposed, set if
on fire. The aam was speedily given,
and the firemen hastened to the spot and
soon succeeded in quenching the flames.
No disturbance took place on the ground,
aid the firemen wvent to work with Ifhe at
maost alacrity. The Schsool House is a'large
four story brick busilmding, ansd nearly new.
Speaking of than "Pennsylvsasia HlaIl,"
which war, destroyed by fire on Thursday
night, the Pennsylvanian.says-..
"The Hall was erected lby the Abolition
Society, end was not finished until last
week. It was very larget built in the most
stubstantial and costly manner, and the
Grand Saloon for the piurpose of meeting,
was we believe the most spacious,and ele
gant rootn of the kind in Philadelphia, be
ing ninety feet in length, by about sixty in
breadth, with galleries, &c., the whole he.
ing capable of allowing from 1800 to 2000
persons to be comfortably sented, and of
containing nearly 3000 persons. Thefte
wvere besides, lecture rooms and other apart.
meints. The entire cost of the establish
went, including, we presume, the purchase
of the around i eathmated at #dafna rh
AVGA t opened to the public on Monday
-aser.Ind we are informed Ithat.- meetings
were - eld andl addresses delivered in it,
e -.day ana evening,u) to the time of
The Mississippi and other distant Banks,
Disr#putable Coduct.-We perceive fromn
late 11lississi ppapers thea tie course of the
Banks of tI bate, has producei a greant
degree of exciteient, and naot without suf
ficient cause. if the nlle,aisiorns uainus these
Institutions, le founded on truth. It i,4 said
that whide eois of them perinil their paper
to continue at a dincount of fim wouiv
five to thirty-five per cenf., in the Ailaniic
cidoit, they have large balances in the Banks
o those cies. for whice they refuse 11) dlran%%
Nay more, that they have'agents engaged
in buying up their own paper at the enor
nwns rates of discount to nchich we have
referred !-Conduct of this character just
ly merits the strongest reprobation, and we
are therefore not surpiised at the excite
tnout it has produced anong the citizens
eimediately in terested. If the charge be
uniuinled anudJalse, the Banks owe it as
well to themselves as to the people of blis
sissippi to nake thein appear so. We can
not coneuive of conduct inore atrocious
than that alleged against the institutions
in question, and we trusv most devoutly,
that they will ie able to clear their skirts
of unputations so foul and offensive.
Another matter deserves a word of cen
sure at our banks. Several Southern and
-outh-Western. Bnnkb have notes yet in
circulation. made paya ble in New York ad
in this city. which arc not redeemed at the
Bunks where ihey are maade payable.
This al.o is wrong-docidedly wrung-aud
amounts to hittle less than a lase fraud upon
the public. The banks alluded to, siaoUld
make arrangements for the inmeediate re
demption oft heir obli-ations in this quarter,
let the cost be whatever it may. Such
conduct in an individual, would speedily
blast his reputation, and it is not a whit less
censurable in a Bank, or any other incorpo
rated institution. At somie finure pe-riod,
we intend sn give a last of the Banks alluded
\VAsHInoToN, May 16.
Subscription for Charleston.-Our city
authorities have called a meeting, For the
purpose of taking measures to relieve the
cetizens of Charleston. S. C., who have
suffered by ine late fire. It is propo-ed thiat
the meeting shall be held to-norrow at the
City Hall at 6 o'clock. -
No ecasion could occur. more strongly
app anlig ti generou)s bympathiies. Th..us
anuds ol' the very a.est, and anost useful cla-'s
[we understand that the burnt district was,
for the most part composed (of those of mid
dling tans and active pursuits] are, by a
conflugration, deprived of a home-a shel
ter for their fanilies-and in the ruin of
their edifices. -all their comfors, and the
anenus of providing new habitations perish
oil. It is in the power of those whomn Prov
idence has shielded from such calamities
and who can command money, to put an
end to this distress, and enjoy the luxury of
doing good-a pernanew good, which may
extend through generations-i they have
r Wd*"o flit-0
We hope that every individual who can
all'ord to waste money in extravagnoaces. or
even the elegancies of what is called city
lift, will feel that self denial, and tihe
sacrifice of such inigs ter a time, and the
nppteopriation of their cost to the pun rpnoe tf
rentu-lding the burnt district in Charleston,
will not be a loss but a gain to hit. in
deed. even thoese whoe lave but a hare coma -
perency for ther owan comfat, mught to be
willing to punt it uander a ile circumascrip,
titoa, to aid those suffTerinag foir every neces
saries of life. T'hey shomuld rceembeer thce
goluden rule: Do as you would have others
should do umto you."-Globe.
From the Western Georgian, MTay_15.
THEa CaHERoKEEs.-n ourconutry, the
loadians are as yet peanele, atnd fereom what
we cain eairn are still in hopes thaat John
Ross will etfect somreeing in Ihe-ir favr uit
uashinton, althouagh given distinctly ton
understaend oy the Commnissioeners at Cal
houn, that the stiputlatioens oaf nine treaty will
lbe strictly enfbreed, immweflnately aufter tIne
24th inist., without anay reg:ard to then views
or feelings of Mr. Ronss one the subjet. WVe
have just conversedl with a ge'ntlrmnan wino
hats re'centliy visited Gilmr-nend Unioen cont
ties, andI learn from hima that tine indians ian
thnat section oef the country. hait bee'n sieen
by dihrereant persons anod at differreneauimes,
tr'anspo)ring corn in sacks and otherwise, to
the mountains, where it wans suapposed they
intended to retreat, whenev'er the treaty
was attemtinted to he encforcedl. It is also
alhought that tine Cherokeeq on the Noertht
Carolina line will pursue thte samne couarse.
Ini the neighbtorhood ref Cedar-toavti. Patald
inaz county, the inhabitants herame some
whnat alarmed fromn some slight indeications
of hostility on thte piart of the Indians.-.
Noting ref a very serious nature hats trane
pir'ed, as fiar as we have been able to aseer
A letter to the Editors of te Charleston
Courier, daetedn Black Creek. Mavy 16, says:
"Aen express arrived h'-re' dnay bcefoere
yesterday, sta'.i n that AlIligator, wIno'had
bceen scent out ahouat a imontle enee by ti.
Taylor, haid returned with 317 Indians, men,
women ande chi'dren, and the impressin is,
that thtere will he no more campaigning. as
it is sunpposed that all ref the Indians will
comie in, ini the coterse of the summer -The
Johan M'Leacn has just arrived here f'roma
Fort Mellon, which post iis to be brokcen up
-that at Vonltusia is already abeandoned.
The M'L.ean brings soldliers, horses boqtq,
&c. The Charleston is expected to day
from the same place."
PEntsAcOoLA. Many 12.
It is the opinion ref many inielligenrt gen
tlemeo. who have tanke n part in 'he late dnif
fieolties witht the Semitnoles. that there can
not he auorn' thatn.50 or 100 Warriors wino
will stand out.
The following gentlemen were on the
14th inst ad mitted by the Court of A ppeals
to piractice in the Conurs of' Chancery in
this State. vis: John A. Aiston,. Jutlieu A.
Dargan, F. D. Laid, James A Pope, Win.
Wbauley, Arthur Wigfall.
.And the followingR were on the 16th inst.
admitted to practice itn the Co-orts .a L-tw:
Peter Della Terre, I4ther Mi McBeie,
Extrat of a Letter, dated
4MICANOPY,(Flor.) May 141838.
"1 have no news to communicate. We
hope to je,able soon to move against the
coemy. They are becoming very hold and
imptulent, cross our mad- in every direction,
&comne within half anmile ofile fort. Our
express nen from Fort King are fred on
every timte they pass. They inust he pun
ished, and lajor Riley contemplatos an ex
pedition round Orange Like. so mion as
Citpi. Smith arrivcs with his 35 nie, and
-omtes from Tuipa n ilh a
coipaty of mounted infantry. The last
are expected every moment and nuorder
for Smith has been issued. It is certainly
lhe most .imporiant enterprise that can he
taken in Florida, and if success attends it,
the termination of tie war, usay be the re
snlt. The enemy cn istter a large force.
They have a town on the Ok-la-wa-ha;
haave collected there their women and chil
dren: are planting, and feel confident of se
curilv. If broken and dispersed, their
wvives captured, and their fields laid waste,
I am certain many will cume in immediate
ly and the rest will soon follow. It is at
least worth the trial, and the senson is now
fair. A month hence will be too) late."
- AVGUsTA. Ga. May 22.
We have the best authority for contradict
ing the report. that the Western Bank at
Romne, Floyd County, Gn., has failed and
closed its doors. The indiN idual, who in
dorsel the statement on the stage way-bill,
at Columbus, if known. should be exposed,
as it is proiable that by this report. some of
the hill holders may have suiered bv a
large discontt on the notes; and it is 'also
probable, that the individual nay have been
a purchaser hiiself.
It is with poleasire, that we have to con
tradict another report which is going ite
ron1 c]ds, in the newspapers. Dr. Brewster,
instead of having been murdered by sme
Cherokee Indians, was a week ago in life
on his plantation near Rome. Floyd Coun
ty, uotwithstanding the four hullets which,
as it was stated, ha(t penetrated his body.
BANKs OF IAssAcSusETT3.--The char.
ters of eleven Banks in tbis Starte were re
pealed at the recent sessionti of the Legisla
ture: Amerienn, Commercial. Kilhv, Orien
tal, Fulton. Commonwealth. Franilin, Ia
fayette. Norfolk, Itoxhury and Middlesex
By the Bntk Law recently passed, no)
director can lorrow nore than 8 per cent.
of the enpitial, nor the whole board of direc
tors iore thain 30 per cent.
The operation or the 24 per cent. penal
ty hais been suspended until the 1st Janun
Bills ofr5 and underof the Boston Banks.
and tno%e under three, of the country banks,
are. by provisionm of this act, to be'redeem
el in upecie.-Ibid.
Steamboat Acci.ent.--The Columhus
Sentinel of Thursday last has the following:
The steattiboat Irwiniton, on her dowit
ward Jassage, took fire imnediately util -r
the fUrnace, a short distance below 9unt's
ZNo - 05$elpala.cicj&rirm. andLwi,h.
av ii to prtveat her being entirely de
stroved, she was seuttled and sunk. It was
supposed, witen she was being stink, th:-t it
was oin a bar, but the water proved to be
deep. nod she is. we learn, almost entirely
%Q11stnerged. Her engine, hoilers. &c., will
nost likely be saved. The Irwinton hind
on board only two hundred bales of cotton.
NKw-YOaK, May 15.
The North-western Passasge, so long
s.ought bsy Etnglish navigators, hsas he-en
fousnd. W'te do nest menan thast a piractioni
passage to the North osf this coantinent, h.s
bseens -liscoverod but thsat a pairty of the
employees of the Hudson's Blav Compnny,
und,er besse. P. W. Desase, n~ne Thomas
Simspsos,, hsave traced the Nor-thern .luhre
of North A tmerica. from Franklin's 'Ret utrn
Reef,' on the eastern, to B.echev's 'Cape
Barrow," on the western sidle othtle conti
snent. Now we shall soson hsave a maps.andu
the atlas will no longer grow into unknown
lands atid sens, as the north of Aereica.
The grandl pr-oblem is soslved, and thne qtues
tin of thne conection, of the A tlantic, uand
Pacific Oceans settled. Far.her than for
specutlastive or geographical purposes, the
discovery is not useful; but all praise for its
ac-cotmplisehmsent is due to the H-udson's
Bay Company, ansd their hardy vs.ariners.
REcovERY OF NEGoRoEs-An important
case says the N. 0. Picayune of theo 1l-th,
was decidcd yesterday in thsis city, after
three days examination and argsiment.
Gen. Gaines fiustred considerably in the
smi, represenitinig in his person th'e Uiiited
States of Amerien, as defensdant. T -e
plaintifls, whio reside in Geor.gia, c-lasimfed as
fuigitive slaves. 67 negroe<, which were ta
ken e-sptive with thie Seminole lidians.
The case was argued before Jtudge Bumchs
anon of the First laistrict Court, by R H
Chinn. on behalf of the claimants, and~hy
Thomas Slidell for the dlefenidansts, the
goveronment. The case wsyn decided ir:
favor of -the claimsons. Geni Gaines was
made the party defendant, becausse thne safe
remnoval of the Indians and negroes to the
lanids asaignedl them by government as their
fussure abiode, was considered to belong to
The Rail Road fromt Richmond to Peters
hurg. is completed. An engmne arrived at
the latter place on Saturday, and on Mon
day the Directors with a nuamber of other
gentlemen, made an exeurson on it which
proved highly satisfactory.
The Raleigh Star save. ft is a fact worthy
of remark, that the lhank of the State of
North eCarolina has in its vaults at least
half ~as much'specie, as all the twenty-six
associated banks in Boston.
A FEarFLDErA.--A Western aper
states, that a Frenceh.inggler, named ilns.
Sciara, has bseen giving exhiibitionts for a
month or twos past. throngh that region,
with his beautifnl little dautghter, abosut nine
years of age, who. under his direetion, was
in the habit of walking on ropes to the top.
At a late ascenision, at WVheeling, Va., thue
little girl fell from the rope to the ground,
and was instantly killed!
* LiN. Y. Pesbie Leds.
EDGEFIELD C. II.
TauRaAT, MA 31. 1838.
The Bank Convention which assembled
in Charleston. on the 22nd of this month,
unanimously agreed in i resolution for the
re-umption of specie payments on the first
of Januitry 1839. We perceive thl several
of the Northern Banks already pay out
ipecie for sums under $5.
The Annual Convention qf the Stock.
holdersal the Georgia Rail Road and Bank.
ing Company. assembled in Athens, early in
this month, and adopted measures to hasten
the construction of the main road. and the
branches to Athens, and Madison, and also
for the extension of the road, to intersect
the Western and Atlantic Rail Road.
So&tF BANKs uArE SOUL.-The Dank
of Camden has declared its July dividend of
$2 per share, to be paid to the Charleston
stockholdbri on. the first of June, in order to
relieve any of thiun, who may have suf'er
ed by the late.fre. :
Ar4OTHF.R STEAN BOAT RACE.--It ap. -
pears that the steam packets Georgia and
Pulaski did run a race, notwithstanding the
affected unwillingness of one of the Cap
tains to do so. How long will the public sub
mit to such conduect! The Georgia arrived
in Baltimore in 46 hours, and the Pulaski
in 47. Both left Charleston at the samo
The Florida Watchman of May the 19th,
says that thetown of Monrovia, in Gadsden
County. is entirely destroyed, with tie ex
ception of two out-buildings. Most of the
property was not insured. Suspicion rests
upon the Cashier of the Monrovia Bank as
being the incendiary, inasmuch -as he is
charged with having embezzled a large por
tion of the funds of the Monrovia Bank,
It is rumored that a Court Martial is
about to be held at Fredericksburg, fir tho
tri.,i of Gen. Jesup.
A Pennsylvania Editor states that there
is n good prospect of an abundant Wheat
crop in t.hat State.
There has been recently a great excite
mcnt in Philadelphia, on the subject of abo
lition. For paiculars, see the account
which we publish to-day.
Gen. Kimberly, of Connecticut, has been
electe4 '1. S. Senator for the term of six
years,, in the 4th of March next, to fill the
paeA svhishail,b vacated by the preset
incumbent, Mr.- Niles.
Judge Gould, who so !one presidIld with
4reat nhility over the Law School at Litch
field, Connecticut, died on the 11th inat.
The comtng together of i Abolitinits.
--Miss Angelina E. Grimke, formerly of
this State, who has been crusading at tho
North in favor of emancipation. has agreed
to live with Mr. Weld, an abolitionist, as his
wvi e. No ceremony w-as performed be
tween them, bty Priest or Magistrate; nor
dlid they even ajump over a broom," on the
occasion. This is in good taste ; it is in
st:rict conformity to the marriage customs
of the lotocr sort of negrocs.
For several days during the past week, we
have had an unusually cold spell of weather
for this period of the year. At this vernal
season, when the forests assume their gayest
and greenlest livery,-w hen the flowers
breathe cut their sweete.t perfume, and the
te'ntle South wind tempers the noon-day
heat, we have heard the keen Northern
blast howl through our groves, and have be
held '-Winter in the lap of May." Our
lovely lint delicate females, who had be
decked them in the gossamer robesof Sum
mer, have suddenly doffed them, and en
wrapped their fair forms, in a dress more
suita ble to the season. Beautiful butter flies!
sport while ye may in the bright sunshine,
biut let not the chill wind b)lowv rudely upon
you, fur there is death in it's embrace ! We
aspire not ourselves to he poetical, but we
think the following lines from Blackwood's
Magazin nt inapplicable:
" And this May-but where, oh ! where
Th.' balmy breath, the perfumed air
I pined for, while my weary'sprite
Languish'd away the long, long night,
Living on dreams of roaving free
By primrose bank, and cowslip lea!
Unkindly season! cruel Spring!i
To the sick wretch no balm ye bring !
No herald-gleatn of Summer days,
Reviving, vivifying rays !"'
To the Edgehiehl Baptist Association,whom
the undersignted had the honor to repre
sent io the late Tri-etanial Baptist Mia
sionary Convention and the American
Baptist Hotme Missionary Society.
Au it wvill be some time before your re
turning Anniversary will nfr'ord me the op
portunity of reporting to you the doings of
the above mentioned Bodies, I avail myself
of the columut, of the A dvertiser, to give you
a short atatement of their proceedings.
The Convention assembled on the last
Wecdnesdany in April, composed of mere
than one huntdred delegates, representing
the views of something less than half a mil
lion of Baptists in these Unisted St~ates...-.