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"We will. cling to the pillars ' uple of our. leties,
1.LABORDE, Editor. .4beirties,~p EEK r.
and iWit must fall we wil tp" i1* st the ruPUinsE.WEE LY
EDGIFIELD C. U. M.f. lot in39
. - L
lpe Edgeiejd Advertiver,
TV6i A.'--'t1 ee '"ilars per annuom-If paid
in advance. -Three--ollars and Fifty Cents if
paif feore -the ez#ijYtidn.of Six %lonthe l1roin
- tthiA.dote of.3iubscciplion.-and Four Dollars if
nqt paid within Six Minths. Subscribersout of
the State are,rgquiudto pay in advance.
'o aiibscriptio.received for less than one year.
agid no paper discontinued ntatil all arrearages
a epaid, except at the.option of the Editor.
All subscriptios, will be continued unless
otherwise'orlered,*t the end of the year.
Aty. person procuring five Subscribers and
behomitg responsible for the same. shall receive
the sixth copy gratis. -
--ADva-ruzn':rs conspicuously inserted at
6.1 cents per square, for the first imnsertion. and
43' cents for each conati nuance. A41vertisementw
not having the number ofitisertions marked on
them, will be continued until ordered out, and
charged hbeordingly.' L' -
- Alt Advortiements intended for publication
in this pater, must be deposited in the Office
by Tulesd&y "Ueing
by communications addressed to the Editor.
(iosT PAID) will be promptly and strictly at
H AMBURG, SOUTH CAROLINA.
T H 'uhdesigned hoe leave .o infiorm his
friendsand thi ptilic in genetnI, that
thii Hotel Ias undergdne theorough repair. ad
that he in nowp eparedThr the recelition end ae
commodatio, of erinanit Boarders. as well aI
-T raveIerg..annd Transient
He would bserve. thalhse who may favor
him with a c:all. shall find theitiselves agreeably
and comifortably provided frr. liistali is sup
plied with all the substantial req1uisites of god
tiving.togethgr,with every delicacy and vart,,
that the inarliet& of Augusta and Hanburg cin
afford,.with the attention of actire sorrants and a
faitfa haostler. Ilis Bar is stored with liquors
of the choicest kind.
With the confident assurance of giving full
smisfaction. he solicits lin old friends, and. the
public in geetal, to fikvriim with a call.
Drove rs can be accommodated wilh stables
and lotsfor stuck.
Dec 15, 1838 f 4
--The Greeiiville Mountaineer.avd Pendleton
Messei.er will insert ahe above fapr six weeks,
accomuts to.. 00.auksgxilxriu,
H.AMBURG, S C.
T HE Subscriber takes great pleasure in in
torming his friends & tie pultlic genernil
lV t6iat he hasopenied hislurge aId eniimmodions
flot.w, nud will be very tlaaukful ti them for a
liberalshare oftheir patrona,e!t. ie flatters hin
self, that fron the experienice of the Lady who
has charge of tie' domestic ie.ufairs of the ilouse.
also his Servants and Hostlers, together with his
own will and disposition tat please. that general
satisfaction may be given. The siutiotn of ithe
11ouse affordsi convenienc-e,pnirticularlv desira
ble to. persons who naj have business to attend
to. or who may wisho to take ihe II ail Rond Car
fo- Chanrleston: and his Stable lots are irge and
well'prepared for the accootmadation of Gentle
men who may have Stock fer sile.
G. W. MAYSON.
Oct. 24, 1838 tf 38
7W OFUER It private sale,
tmy tesidence, in the
1 * corivarate limits oi the town
of .dgefiehl 'h1ere mire 18
acres of lani, on which aire
a good )wellintr lionese re
cently,re-ttirel anmd imnproved. and all ne--essa
vy outnidings. Th e terts will e mado ac
commoditting to an notprovedl purchniser. Feor
further particulars apaply on the premisea. or at
- ny office. GEO. POPE.
. Deo 10, 18318 d 45
- ND for meale by NlI OLSO)N.& PR ES
LIEY, one cask goodl fresha CIIEIESE.
A few fine Double barrel Percussion Gunas,
"" "Single " dot.
Also, a good asesorttment Mfen's fine SarId es.
Bridles, Martingales, liridle Mounitmts, & c.
Also. a splendid assortment Crockery mand
I)cc. 18, 18'18 tf 41.
Cloaks aned Overcoat.
L AO1)1ES' U lonks & Men's Overcoats made
up and for sale.
CLOT HING of all kinds mamde in good style
*t the shortest notice.
NICHOLSON & PRESLEY.
Dec 4, 188 tf 44
Imaproved SuurgeonM' Trrmu.
t'-L the rajlical eumre of~ !llI NhA. inmventoud
Iby liInKa Catasa. M. D). Phiadelphitn.
(wearranted to care.) All orde'rs tby mail ear othear
wise will he promptly attemnded to. Address1
either . Dr. H. DIIRT.
Dr. M. LAIIBO!ID ",
Dr. E. J..amIMS,
Edgefilk C. II. S. C. 'f 24
- Launiber. Lumaber.
IfAV E fear sale, anmd will debtrer Lumboler
of superior qutality. sesasonmed anad unf.sn
sone~d, of every dimteasiont, at thme mill weoll
* known as Amnos Landruam's. etn Shawv's Creek,
in this District, abouat 5 miles from the Pine
Hoant, and 10 mniles from Aiken,. Prmice 75 a'ts.
paer 10t) feet. MAIRTIN POSEY.
Nov 27, 1838 c* 43
W Have the pt.easure of initorililaig out
friend and the publi- in get,erist, that
the exercises of these iustititlo-s. will recoe
mence oil 2nid Mo..day in Jainunry ntext.
To meet the increasing nt onunge of this Do
parltent, we nave added anoti.d tTencher, it
will ierefore he condgced ill future, uider the
jomPeontiol of Mr. .hti(a List.s. our former
Teacher,and Mr.. WIa.M.Al C. MoRAGn,late Of
the I.m-lislo Acadeny bo-h gradiuaes of the
S.Caroinea Col ege,andeexpaerience.d'1Teaecer.
Eglish Male Department.-T his Depurt
moit will be under the itsnupetn ernt o' Mr.
JAMMS Gu.Es. a gradunwv of 'raniklin College.
uad i severa: yea s experience in tea hing.
Emtale Deeartmect.-%% ilie coodteted by
Mr JAS.%t M. -'- 11114 Un d,ad,and MISs 0'11AnO.
ive othe Snunerville Acitlei'isidistinamitshleed
alike lor their literary qualificeions. and expe
riene at Teachers. Mirs. Fe-n and M is 0'
HaXb, the hermier distingnislhed as a Musicia &
French teacher, namt the latter in PaimtVings.
Tiesc- bra ches will iherefore be taught inl the
tnfim improved at d ier ect 1vstetn.
The Puiblic will discover 'tnt we are iieur
ring an imttene expense fear the benefit of tiet
yotithsof the coountrv. and all we usk is ia. ex
Hnma'111 into the ianerets ofour lustitutis.,be.
lievng that the y wili he latroniz d i linowii.
For we are hold to amert that fit no tone point
are our Schoom surpos-ed by itny in the Soth
eria States. No Studett Will be admiitte d into
111ny of'the Schons.t tless he cotmes recOmeu n
elei hy a gooil mioral clhnrac'r. and if.e comes
froman iotler Schoo', he slall lring with him. a
certificate of hi-4 character and staniling. A
Chap,el is now buildie in thie nelve, in eded
14r th.' exclus ve tienefitof ti Scheonis. Termis
or bourd antd Tiition are ias mioderate as else
where in this District 4
E. It. CALHOUN,
A LRUR'lT WA LLFR.
L \RKIN GrIFFIN.
JOl IN MeCLU"LLAN, R
TilOMAS 11. BYRD,
Greenwood, Dec. 15 183A c 46
'E, the.untdersigned, invite the attention
ofthe Public. to thei new regulatio~ff in
the Classical School at (eenwood. Abbeville
Miitrict S. C. We ha% e agreed t take charze
of0his Academy in connexion, and. proovidgd
we catn obtaint a sifficiet share of the Pelic
patrionage, we expect tocontitte tovellher for
some yetra. We will give instrnictions in all
the -branches requisite for entering the So'uth
Carolina Coillege or aniy other in the Uited
Stn'es. The porincipal ofthese will be the ireek
and Latin Languages. M raetatics. Histrv
ad Getigraphy . Coniositicon, Declamation.
Iendinou ad Writing, ill ie strictly attended
to. As we will be aile so ie arrangfi our clas.
save- attentinit-to ptartacuilir bracthies, we flatter
ourse!ves sthat :they will be thoroughily taught.
We poled.:e ovirelves ti ei mnr titmo*! effisrts.
it ul *y. 'o fei'itute the propres clC mr pm-ls
in their w idies ut al-.ti instil into ti eir miids,
correct priniciples of mera'ay
W. C. MORAGNE.
J. L. .ESLY.
Greenwood Ilec 1t - er 4r
LOWs--e.-is-it ACS44h Aay.
rI MlEexercises of this liwtattion wm e re
I stated on the A, cond Monday if. Jalauarv
next. under tle case of tie Rev. 11il iam it.
Iturris, as Principal ntl Classical Tencher, acd
3ir. .Irahum t:unCuinga a,. as Teacher of the
The Trusices f'eel lo hesitationt in saying,
thnt these gentlemen are ecs coope tent tol the
dischar--e of the dities Of their respsectiv. de
Parttmnes, as atay ti, he flound in tha tipper
cionntry, tedthat tiy will slare no paih. to con
iinie tt merit the high statnd, whici has been
awarded to iltem as Teaclhers.
As the impression abroad. respectinig the
health of Abbeville District, is nttaliverablei, we
deen it nece.,siry to stv that Loweidesviole
anid its vieinity. are epc hwalthy as anve section of
the tipper coantty The Village is'situiatedf oi
a high and dr% ridge. renote from any sta ding
water, as webL as iall causes of dis-1ase; it mtrntA
there6ore covitietne to be leualhv.
la poinit of morality w. b-lie e it is geiser
ally concedel, that thcere is nea section Of coti
try more exetlt. from all indic. men-nt to vici-ons
ichaits, than this. We woid haazetrdf the jsser
tcon. that we I annd unrivalled it, this P-arlictilar.
Erelent hoarding cuoi lhe had in the Village
aind vicinity. at $8 per mtonth.
TPhe Schloeol will conatinte thce eacomo Scho
'rhe Classics, $16 per sessiona.
Thela Natuarat Sciences, l1 .
Englisha Grammnaar. tieeag- ~
ranplay, aced Iisrtory,
Readitng, Wrctng, Arith-. 6 a
D)r. A. B. ARiNOLD., Pres. 11. Trus.
" W. R. SA N ) EitS. iree Pres.
WV. C. CoZ ilY. Treasurer.
M \TTil WV YOUNG;.
J. M IeeFF-'.T .I.'PlStN. Trusetees
By order of thce Bocard.
J G. C \ LD WEL L, Se'rretary.
Dec 19, lA:N c .y
Thae P'endale'totn eseneger. and the WVeekly
Chroinicle & a-tinel, ofC Atugusta, will ceaps
the above 'lhree timaes.n foat rward their ae-.
cocunt.. for pcavmtent.
A LL personas are forewirtned from tmeadi
Ier a neote of haaecd for One, Trhousa,nd Do.
ars. <igneud b.i Jons Melntcn, pniyahal.. at sixty
dayws freon the I;3th Iar I Itha of Noav emher toa the
FI:amhurg Bank, p;ay.ch'e to the ecrder of h)aw.
satn A kicnsotn, \lfored lealeyv, aend L. 3. roette.
Icndersers. Thet albove ntot" wacs host or mnispha
- D. AT'KINSON,
, * L. J. T:uOTTI,
stra Hose,rakn u h' himat heis plate
tnition, necar Horn's Creek Meeting Hou'tse, eon
the Ilth inst.-hnay ceoler, abotut I5 haands high,
10 or il yeears oldl, baald face, theree white feet,
right arim roan, appraised at finty dhollars.
ROBE!RT WATTS. J. 4.
Nov 26 838 4.
COL.UMBA. Dlet. b, toh
N the course 1 ns ievj%-%%A, iae comnaand
er-14-UCiael laus.amtted motteni c.ause o grati
uca-ion and encourugetent, to tale rmemais i,f tile
linuu; alitiongis muee ure. i e grem. liult ion,
ned. mi.. ealoors to coriect. Wiatever ititiqe
sua., be taken at tutase, ih suggested by is wiah ti
1115provb, not a desire to comilain. -
lie i.,ayid tom naltinmctoas oil reviewing Sev
era. itegiiaent., nhums uis. ipoa. wouiu becre
ditable to aan uns..ry umgatV.atol.. lie 4spe
cea.y reWai, wat.a p.easule, taie 101,, .ta. .1st,
'40tu.'J. it, -tota, alma, 4us, au,d 21st. 11 un) els
crimainu.aon i* t be lundo aniong tuse, 4he -A.st
aisd 4utes weie lre-emianeat for their dri and
discisame, amid .he Ot.. .o s ie uppj.urnco,
anerity, amid atte. tion to duty lisn loarde. roo
the proiciency of tese Kegiments, tile credit
is manmy due to umemr vnergenc blood inteiligeist
otlieers. i The suime mnteriei, amid the same rea
timezum, to antm er alae ciall ot dity, wima be found
un tie otter ptirtedu of the Sta , w.enever it
Ahall be propeo ly appealed to, nit wet by cor
respondma. exertions on the part of those in
'ie Commun4ler-in-chlief regrets the necessi
ty of excepuig, Irimm taese generai remarks,
tame 19th i(egiment of.antry, which appears
to be totally ditmirgaiiized. ant wits the only one
if, the Sla.e, not ill i condaitamo to lie reviweeti.
lit: eannot bul Ii.pe thut this is tie resu. of
iempor..ry cases, a;.d that iia -ceiCsaor will
.ot lie qonstranud to reiteite this compl:mt.
H'he 1enerai vomilt %i ila All Wita eveis where
ie best 81 arit pr# vaih, is a renmanne,.s mi turn
n imit n parades. 'ie eitizen eiouli r- flect
that Isis dity.as i soiolier, is one of time tmvist 4a
cred that lie awes to his c-4ountr3 : and aint mt it
inp-assible lbr bitm to fs reset ,metil it shall be cto
lat. , a what mmeanet he shall have cename to re
gret havimg . egh-cled i) pbepare lum -elf lor its
perirmamince. %, itlh the ollicers, the mos pro
minemt error appears to consist in die ledioii
de-ays. wihich oc. nr i tme trasnaction oi comu
IPLmy be sines:-& and preliminary arraigements,
oii the dia s oi parade. The men are often kept
und. r elms fr houom. mitl timhir sti eagth amid
pati4-nce tire exhanate(t. Their nituntion as Ia
tigned. tismi spirit -ind alacrity are spent, before
th y come-umpon review. The onlv remedy for
til- invonve@.osn--e.%% i.i he llm in thie en o.miig
of strict punc. nalify to the prescrib. d isours of
ineetiieg. anlthe atulv of ilhat promptness and
oiecision in details, waich is thae moil ofl* military
i relation to te Field Oflicers generally.and
their staff, the Coiniaidr in chiefregn.tit to
ob-erve that there is consideoable reat for i
mentdment. -Willh the exceptioit of the Briga
dier tienera aor the secid and mixth Brigades,
lie lias met with no single instance of a Msl.
or Briaendier Ge. rml who, if.mut 'kesonially
alie'it. was not ei:her impetrectly 6gnipped or
dcficiea in ufiee propeitrmnplemen ofl' his eort
on die hield. Thusta g 'a t
plice of dids i the ierflirmande or it. ''e
pride and spirit of the officers thaemseves will
vertairulv correet this 3erious evil on the bare
sUPge1t1-n1 of it.
Some especial remarks appear to lie due Arom
-le Comumnamder in chi'f to the Cimlty coirps.
His estimate of q.heir importainte is pierhsaps
higher timau that gemsera ly entertained. As ihey
:tat. iso their natmire, the irst laf meet atimy iudde n
emtergeicy. & thiat perimic %v ithout w'arning.or
time fC-r preparution. they Foil of'their plain dniv
i they are' toot a lways readv ito nee; e% erv enll
lit hile w,.rd. Freipient practice und lableriou
-frill are-. with them, lasmlmately ioeces-ary, anid
none but those who hiave time. if clinatimo. and
pe ssomia strength aml 3wility f'or this. shouild
attamch theinsel, es to Ilia Cavalry oirvice.
The Cmim ,der inl chief' re-inrus his thanks
li4r the uniflovi kindnes lie has experienced alike
from officers and menl: a,.d loopes they will
appe eciate his parting declaratiom. that whatever
Iar-h thiigot many tuve been said ear doote ima time
diselharge ofhis dim, have been prompjiied bY
no ill feelihop. lutby a esingle desire to Promote
lia. object a i their joaint exertioms. To the
members enernlly of' hi own staiF lue is grate
ill, as well for heir nifarm perso al kindne17ass.
a bar their faithful dis-harge -of their approlore
atf. doneslit. la eounclhlsifin, he takes the lillerty
af hearin a East iestiaaoniy. to flte hieih umerits
of the A-jewant and fnraaa-tor G-uerat. wihse
tiorigh lit iess fir-the inctitons o his oi-,
whose unremittinug attentio to his dutia-, nud
whose mnyiv kind permi soert ices. cn'l for
vrmler comntendati ma anort- gan elid tic
kiow edgemwets than eau he here exp rased.
Inl yi. Iding Iis m11icf. too a muo a' wmOrthly sue
('ssar, .- Comm:mder-in-chief begs to 6.- per
mitmed ito 'nv'e. wvjthm all htis be-it wishaes taud as
Slit anices or his com innuem interest thomughu a o
lon..-'r amfficiallv conn,ected, in thecir paersonual
parostierity mede ba -pa 055.
fly Order of tiur ('omnmander-ina rie f.
LAN-iDON CII''VES, .in. A.fl C.
& a U .1..
O N the llatimtownu ronad, betaweean I 'ollier'si
. and IlIaneminnd's, nun etegant Gold WIatchi
Ke'y, whmich wil be dle'ave'ed 'o thue owner, ona
hmis paroivnh propearty uamd piaying f'or 'his adver
tiseatnent,m.ngumre a; time store or
C. A. DOWDP.
A a.0 Personus inudebited tea thue Estate of
An.tn Lmaur, dlectesed, anre regesed tea
umk.- iuammedite payiauent: nead tall pesraons haav
ing dlemandms umgninu thme said estate., are regntest
ed to preseunt thiem duly aetteaeted.
A.. f. WA DE, Adm'r.
Dec 15. l83a c 46
i:i l <nh,ae'raaaers luav'e reeavhed two
T[inees of the abovie ariem of vemy excel
m!nt qality. G. L. & E.. PENN & Co.
Vic oia Slippe'rs.
UI J.l' i.teie a suppilly ofi vemry handseomre
9, Vatorim thlpers, ei whiich we invite die
tai'entieon of thi eeLdi.es.
G. 1.. & E'. PENN & Co
flec. 12. 1:i8 tf4f>
Blcachsed Wimates straIssed
LJ.JePIPF O iL.
' IE Suibscribe a have receivedi a miupply ef
the atbove article of' very eauperiorqiuahity.
G- L-41j. PENN I& Cci.
e National Gazette. -
41,L E'i i E ic
FAOX m A SIuoSI , t.5q. To THE HoN,
lb a Q. Adams, Vashiigton. D. C.
nILALELPIIIA, Dec. 10, lood.
My D*arSar-ihe general resuamataon
f '1a0 elaMY11y.1es preseits at fit occasonl
so close i.,r correspuadence, with aa ex
planatto foI the course of the 11aak of she
Unite't ia1 bam regard to that subject.
On tht fth of lat). 1837, she baink-, of
Nen % V k Suspenoded specie paymems,
ed heirtxamiple was imeso-liately and
neossur1ly Jolihmed by the - ther Banks
in the U. 6. The couniry, wis then placed
in at saitution or extreme di1iculy. from
which it could be extricated only by instatit
and vigorous measures lior its prot, etion.
The -laugers were the total prostration or
its credit.and character abroad- the depre
ciation in,s prices of all its public -tecuirities
asi its msople productio:im; and. last #anl
worSt, thqt the delensive resmedy- of sus
pension itihi be protracted until at hecame
it-4et at dtigfs-te. It was matnili-si too. thus
the calaanity had out gro wnt tihe capncity
of mere pWiicians-that the couintrv atst
take care 'of itsella,nd rely only upon itse-l:
and al, iti.t!mes of peril, the voice of tihe
humblest citizen usay sostelitmes lie heard
above the-tulsult, my ows personal posi
tiosn seemd to justify the amsumption of
iastaut ad deep respoasibility. Accor
ingly, at he'very momeat when ihe an
tional a fortuur oceurred, immlediate
teastres ere isdopites to mtitigate nul
repair it. Oflhese iti their orjer.'
J. Au e that the first intelligence of
the stspe ion woald cleralde the charat.
ter to I It uniry, aid subjec-t ism to the
:e:.h 1: had faith and insolvency. I ad
tiressed t -os a published letter, which
went to, rope at the same time with the
niews o , ss-tpenlsisln. in which I vetn
lured to ge my-,elf ror the fidelity of*
our cout lie. In that letter,ofthe 131h
May, - 1 , I said, --in the inenn tite.
two Kro uties devolve ot lite inak and
tihe comi - Tne first regards foreign tun
tions: t ond our owsn. We owe a
debt to igners, by no means large for
our res, evt, bit disproportioned to star
preseent.. anatof pamevnli We nu1'
take hi, late tnensure' shall nim
Itirt ttavttid the aIllme- t-i
i rfIt. not hirs. Ve I-inv aik( lp
ieeaey-but tle voiurv is dihshnsred,.
unlosa we.disharge 'hat idel to the utter
siost farthing "
Fos this osrpoie-the early and tntil
discharge of u debt 'o foreigners-lhe
whole power of the Batk of the (Inited
States waRilevored. In stch a crisis it
wats evide ni, tham if resort LL as had its rigid
curtailnents. the lhility to) p y woil he
prol)ortionably diistimilied -while the oun v
tret sysem was to keep the rotuntry ais
usch at ease as consAi-ted with its snf'ty,
so as to emsle the debviors ts eolleet their
resources for the discltarge of their dets.
For the -sse ptjrlmose she Hatk thnishmi
ea irely out sta cotrse of busas, and i,s
s1e1C degree of cllision wish its mAn e.x
clusi%e interests, a-s3umed aui netive agen.
y ian ctllectiesg time debts of the Benk of
England-gave every facilitv fier the re.
covery of all deba iad stimulated our
cnmryme to this dluty by -arnest and
constant appeal- so their ionor and their
trite interest. With whar is -eterots eam
tiion that appeal was as4wIerel. yoks
wmell know-iv- it tauched a chord whisch
lies deep inm tall A merian 'heorts . I f she
utnivi-rsati distress wlich pervale- the com
smunity could not he witne-ed wvithow a
ianinflitI sympathy-its melachivl w:ss re
deemed fly she high a n mal vspirit which
at rotuaed shlas.elout tle camtry. For te
ver, tan ita tmot gtleriua faehe oaf lunti, I
wia-. there dasplasied a smore lotty setamaesnt
Ol honsocr anmd coutraage that wvas thmesn ex
h5 iiteed. 'I he honatest pni' nst of ele-ht
thse homsaely dutty oaf parivie hsfe-was ele
varted lay its tntversalityi inato a5 senttimtent
of naturalh honomer, as the whsole ceounstry itn
maass pressed forwardh tn its perfoarnmnce,
as lta some sacred smel pantriotic sebligastion
Whlaatever cotuld be patid, wu'as panid in.
stsntly and chteerfully whlaat it was imps~os
abb-e to pay at sncre, was secsuredl with ama
pIe inaterest for she udehav. witht an tatter a
laandoeuats eaf emere se-ifishaness, am at dis
regard oaf anyi' pectuniary ,ncsrifice necess
sary tea feullil slheir enenzmgemaenatft: ArePr
dmigly, the manntaser inm whlich tIhe Uited
Stastes have atettled their immsese ceamr
mnercsi ebt to Enmrape is a lin'ting stmu.
ement to their Inatearsty. No osatrry could
have belter periarmed sts dutry. Even isa the
calaetet momeeatse of parosperity. 'ehl Se
tlesienst could scarcely be imnaaainedl as watt
nacamplished namidst thec genseral wreck
andI ceotfuasion taf all its great iams.r-ets with
whicha the 'onatary was aillie-ted.
Tihe consmaequetnce is, dmsha te aeneral
creedi of hme censary niever stodte haighmers
shata. at this moenrt; for it hmas eaow era
ed as distiunetsin entirely exclusive itaed
characteristic-lmas whaile the goaverrnment
af thse Usmitedl S'tates is she only anvern
msent no enirth tat las evera led ta tIme
laa: cenat, its atuional de-br. thae paeople oif
the Uaited States have disc hargedl acsir
parivatte engg eents with on ~ unaexamlel
Iie0lity-a civIaglory this, worth a thotn
in the mvidst'of these troubles the char
ateri (if our inlstitutions was thareaatened by
a cotmbrination of politiciatis isn PenntsyI
vantia,- who e-ndeavoared tea essenblish, as
the basis of Ameruica JegirsInt,n. tat a
charter or other enigagemeut made by any
"late legislature, wes' liable to he ianulled
by anry subsequent legislait re-and l still
more eEeltually by anly political emleeing
called a coavention-wiel1 is only anoth
er forin of extraordinary le-gislation-ad
an attlempt was anoteiiied to carry that
dogma into effi-ct,at I coovention then tip
proachig The assertion ol* uch a right
hv the state goverment to annul niall its en
gagenents io foreiganers put fiorth at a
tmoteaent when the country wa-, laboritig
1uder it temporary inalility to pay its
de-tq, was calcltated to de-aroV all conli
decre in tle intearity (of our' Amierienn
imatiutions, and I tlherefore said io you in
my letter, "This must not le. It tm1ust
ie decided whlielher this Peninsylvitnia of
ours, is it virtuots comtunity. or a uire
soiciety ofpit derers-nor will the- haonor of
the state he re-lieved, either tat home or I -
broad, from the staini which a few stall
politiciatns wvi,hed to ix upon her, until ithe
conventionac aep9ts some sole-tim deelitra
tion, that there is no power in this natiotn
capable or virainiag the sacredi engn.e
mlens of the attate authoriti-9 That should
lie dioe, ani if anv vlerts or mnine may
avail, that sh ll be done for the honot of
this state. iar the cliaracter of tier sis:er
states. and for the stabilit.y of our loptilar
Accordingly,'when thea convention net.
Ole Of its ntao,4t decided ae4 was the 110llo0w
ing resolutioni passed an the 21st of' No.
Remlvvd. Tia it isthe sense of thia con
vtiiin, that it charter duly gratmed ender
an a-t of assemball . to a bank, or other
private corpooration. is, wheaa sac epted, a
cont ract with tle partie? icy whom the gratni
is nde; and if stch eiaiter be unduly
granted, or subsietlueneI antisused, it tatay
ho :avoidte-d ly tle judeement o'a cotrt of
justice au due -ourse or law%. aad not other
wise, unless in pursitanlce oh a power ex
pre.sly reserved in tle charter.
The obliavion of the state Legi-lattares
toa fulil all til-ir enaagageaaaetas Il a1e with
foreigners-nusl the anxiety of individutals
to pay their l'oreign debts. hein- thus es
tabli-Oied, the next care was to enablehitl
to coialy with their contiract at aAs little
sa.rifice,as pissible. It wat dtae up llor
eianers that every delbi Ahould lie paid-it
was due 'o ourselves to at ake the most o
our resources itn tle set'lement. Now
these resources conskted mainily in the
lubilie scetarities. wtol the staple prol't ions
dol the couintry. The shock ofi snia.niont
.'w4iO ek IV kNth to'-thjeev jrs
enII tsv. themi rini acrifiers, b1V two
There e:t e -- -reelv hw: - y for?m or set
Cuaity i-e afe tht a ah ! p aetaary ea
gagemnen 9 ta the State-. They havte a
most luxuriant soil- valuable prooeltm,
-infinite natural avnae-a-rn
industry in developing thei. The.
have every ahi. liiat tmionev-and for t:o
ihey ire abaleIa ti pmv. natud williig to pay,
much nore than ih^ less :ro-tctive iaia,
try or Europe ca -tvordt to pay. Their
lovans, too, insteal of be-inig % %a,tl it w.ar.
or extravaganlice, !n to tie direct i'niove
tmlentl 'ef the borrowin, St tes-so th-at here
cantot ie nat) better appli'.tiona of tIle
mea111its Of unv Etaropean capitalist a a ta
.louble his i.acome hv Amierivan iivest
maaenlt4. Vet all tlhese requtire kitnvlejldge
-local inlormatiotn-i ite mean if ext'a
ting colidtiletace; :e14! it was lhobIll most
Cx PCdient to 0s-ablisha atta m lile'ie'nnl atgect*y
itn Loidon. n the coition etre anld the
geeraal support I' all Aieriean setviti-tie,
--where. in addition to the alppropriati- lata
siness of the Boak itself all fahet plic antd
orporat:e stoeks tf the State, might Hod
selitlter aed prottect ot.
Ii like tmnmer. the derani'iemeni oft lh,
currency phared the stales ol the 8n1th1
entirely at the mterey orlie foreign .acr
chaser, w-ho ce ol 'ave dliet:ated4 he lerls
of stale to the protaratted pl a nter It w,
1h11thaghat p1relir to avert Ilhlt evil, by em.
almavinag a Iaarge porat itan of' thIe enpa1itale ofa
th lao ,Jdnk ina maakintg tadv ance-s oan Smb. a
ra'n prt uee. this% la:aa swei e'ly;gs-tae
first wais ato parovidea remtitttace's tea pi.a its
o ~wn hanagds in Enad,l issuaede e inhe New
Yeark mae'rcansa in teiar ext remate ditrtes:
lfar tas thle latik coatnhl uneo tf course lpmr
chase thtese stap Iles, it amadee telvantce's tiy
ona themi ins the' Soth, rseeivinag itn e
chtage thillIs. otnI Europea. 'laTa seemectl el"
1.-et wais to ittraidntee itta te mnaarket, ta
n tewt 'eompe'tit iont, tandl tu pare-vent thle tact
eeouwlitiomnal stabjec tin eaf thte plaante'r tea the
foreigna purha'eser. 'The',e advantrces were
mae.nt sin past yer nthe mr
perna 'see'nri ty of' lhe mterc'hanuts-w~ hieh
the conafutsian tat tall pari vatte credeit weontal
have reneede teas haz;armdmttn-hmt ean a he
atal sluhpment aif athe prodeItin tan A -
mae'ricaan houatse in Enrglandae, wi illinag sand
ablle lit'tprtec(t Amer'ian paroperty f'roma
the reck less wastem with whlich' it hats beens
of len throwna inato ghemnarket,~i wi tan
enatire disregarl tea all Amiarican intere'sts.
Tlhe combmaaattiean of thase'sases-maathe.
Ipliction~ ofl caplittal cii t his sie, and t lie
parudenit r'ese'rv' oan thet ot her-le savede
tea thae palatott ianterae"t, tan sama tatt whliceb
it i'm dillien'iat toa estimate blowliii tean ear lif'
teent mil lionst oaf dllairs. I baelie've, toci,
thasa tanarly tine-hlal' of' the c'ommttere'ittl
delia oal this counaetry toa Euara -e', has' beet
pa i b thle tae-re diff'erene beetweean lhe
acttuaal stales of the seenari tie's aetend t-a..
aend the pri -e's alacy wni halive reali'zed,
hiad they bieena threawn unpriaotered inata
Ithe hands eat Eurtopge'as. heme miceasuares
were essentiatlly oif at temporaary caatcire
they were measures of emerae'nev, adopi;ted
in tIme midcst if a pauidlicecalnamity, tand tea
be dlisconti'--tned with the necesasiiy whlich
eunnsedl thema. As num, thaerefoare, aus thec
capital atrd Anduatrv of the eln.. hu
lime to suisside into their accustomed chan,
nels, these operations were relinquished,
and non% they have totally and finally
Ill Durane these movementis it became
moaportanti to understand distintly the
course of the government. In my lettet'
to you of the 6th of Alpril last, I stated my
"CoiVictioi that there could be no safe or
permuent resumption or'specie paymente
by the iannks, until the policy of the gov
ernmemt towards them was changed."..-;
This change was sxn and happily made.
On h lit- 30th of May,the specie circular, re-.
quirimg lpaymnents in coin it the land office,
w;as repealed by Congress. On the 25th
of Jue. the bill cajled the sub-treasury,
renillrinag Coi in al ipymnents to the gov
ernetil. was negatived. In the month
of July,the government agreed to receive
tin amip:ited pavment of the bonds of
the bank, to the amount of between four
and five millions of dollars itn a credit to
the Treasurer, on the books of the bank
und arrangements were made for the more
- Iistant public disbursements in the notes
of the bank. These arrangements, as hon.
orable to the Executive Officers as they
were beneticial to the public service bro'lt
the government into elficient co-operation
for the re e-4tablishment of thae currency,.
id topent-cdtlhe way to a resumption of
specie paymients. That resumption ac-,
c4ordmgly. took place throughout the mid.,
die States oil the 13th of August. and in
man) of the southern and western States
IV. It remained only to aid some of
the sutih-western states for the same ob-.
ject. Their activity in extending theit'
public & private improvements had made
th,t debtur states, and depreciated their
cnriency by its excess. But they had abun*
dain r.-ources, and perfect willingness to
pay-and all that was needed, seemed to
be a lunger period to recruit their exhaus.
ted imeitnq--o H- to derive from the ap.
pro-wia crops. by a short anticipation,
ability to i--et their engagements. The
atik oi the Uniiteol States has used its ut-,
most endeavors for that purpose, hv%a,
king advances to the amount of many
millions to the banks in those states: all of
whom will, it is presumed, by the month
of January, resimie.specie payments, and
thus complete the circle"of resumption
tlroughout ihe Union.
And now, tilue reviewing the events
which tl.- eril ithe st-lpension, it isa souref
S;gwal "raillic4161m1o,u seLtat all that d
was Aptoned tu d.. iias-been 41100, ,-i
oil te rtioryf.no.ii th' n nWii vf the -7
Si-lieu, --ti 1-c' ilte honorable dis-.
cair.- r for m- I -. witn the least
9 ermn e -it I.w pri,perfy if the dehtors-to
vitdie.in: thl goi faust oat the state legis
laiiires-to disch.,rge all premature at
tellnpts to) r stlite--hut, by a cautious des
I ty wor thwse state- whih were less- pre
paret. aceompliii a mniversal resumption.
All these are uoue, and the troubles of the
ontttry have happil% ceased.
Of the fiature, it is dillicult to speak: but
iti ih.i fuitare,:iie tiaau of'the United States
Wlil ito i'!,er orcpy t1s past position.
l'tie bank of the Utited Slates had ceased
to be a national itisiitution in 18,6. and
was lrg-parimg to ocelpy its nev place as
a stitu lunti, when the troubles of 1837
forced it inl some degree back. intO its old
po4itm; and it then devoted all its power
to assist itt carrying the countr% unhurt
throgh its receta troubles. lHaving done
this, its extiraordinar duties ceased. For
the ititre, it abdlicates this involuntary
pmwer. It hus ns lotn r any responsibil
ty to the Union. It has no longer any
coitroversy with the gover-nmnt of tho
Uniin. It ntow desires only repose, and
it % ill tnk.- its rank hereafter, ts a simple
state instaniition, devoted exclusively to
its ow ti qpecia; conet ns.
I rejitce tooi, that this new position of
ite hmik absoolves mie froin many cares
nil 4hkitest. It the general confusiton of
pttblic alf-irs durming the last two yeamrs, it
hans bmett sty lot to lie snorte prondoent
th:mt may ownt inclinatiitn p)r(nmpted, and
ortenmi :tssumte a sttioni wihichl wvould
have limiter fitted thtrs. Bitt public ca
lat Iitme. imstify the appaiirettt forwardnuess
ihmv requie-as itreat danmgers are best
tmet by deflying them. My task is now
etidsd-and I gladly . itlhdailw from 'liese
responmtsibili ie, cuarryinig with me the only
stat tistisn m:I ever sought in them-rh.
contseaistisesof hatvinig done my duty to
the counimtry as ia gmaodi citizena.
With great regard,. yours, &c.
LAre Fas Maxico. -Civil Commo
tions alI Taimico.-lly thse arrival yester
av of the sehm. Sarr;mh A.an, Capt. Bont
tempa~s from Tapictet. we learn the inlr
tienlars ofni most looatdy batmtle which was
fuaght ota the 30th N.svem her, betw~een
the Govrnmemt irraops nder Gen. Piedra
anmd line Federal traotps ciomanided bay
Giet Urrea, in whlieb tIhe iurtmer were de
lfi:ist withI the loss oif their Genecral, and
5tt0 ttmen kil ledl atnd wounzded. Genmeral
Piedai was wuasmledl antd taketi pirisoner,
lutt shot innnaaia,ltelv after thea action.
The Fi' ijsts stuleremd somec loss, but
notthm iatg n to the Governmttett
roomp. uhoui t 100. of thteir amen
kiihdl led 'hl PThe cowatrdly Geni,
C'os.s s ntortiiety. haeld a cotmmis
sitin in thei Gmvernmnent amy, lint fled so
sn as hae sawv every igsvsgiga
eninast hitt. wagitga
I rThe Gnornm,ent army retreate:t some
twecut maites from Tamtpico uftier the bat
tle. iad halted for the re-inaforcements.
The dhay after the actioni, all the vet.
sels which hadl beena detaitned by .Gen.
Piedra at the bara enmeQ t1m t rasert.