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we will efing to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fall, we wil Perish amidst the Eulns."
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Consisting of views of the most remarkable p laces aind objects, nmentioned in the Old anid New Testaments: Also, views of the principal Missionary Stations, throughout the wvorld Engraved by the first Artists in the United States, of the original sketches. taken on the spot, by Laborde, Foarbin Morier, Le Brntyn, Ker Porter. Stephens, Buchingham, McFar lane and othier. The paper is established on a permanent ba s;.-beig sustained by an Association with a Capital stock of $10.000.. Terms-The Advocate is published at twco doluars and fifty cents, in advance. Address ROBERT SEA RS, 122 Nassau street, N. Y. Or the Subscriber, at Edgefield C House. Earch, 1840. C. A. M1 EIGS. An't. TIhe Mount Pleasant Silk Agricuralist, AND FARMfER'S MANUEL. AMonthly Publication devoted to the Growoth ef Sulk, Manatur~me of Beet Sugar, and the Imprevement of Agriculture, Horticulture, anid Rural and Domestic Economy; hasjust been improved and enlarged, and is now the neat est and cheapest Publication of the kind issued from any count ry office in the United States. Each number containis 24octavo pages with the addition of a cover and a neatly executed fron tispiece, representing thme Silk-worma in its vari ous stages; and- will be delivered to single subscribers at the remarkably low price of ONE DOLu.AR per annum, payable in advamee; or, Sayzw copies will be forwarded for Fzvs Dollars-FtrrEEN copies for TEn Dollars-25 eopies for Frsmsy Dollars, or 40 copies for TWENT Dollars, for one year, according to orders. Orders for this work, postage paid, addressed to ALTER o& MILLERa, Brandonvdte P. 0. Pres Son county, Va..will receive prompt attention. IE7Subscriptions received by W. F. Durisoe, Agent for Edgefield District. ETJEditors who will publish the above (and this note) a few times, and announce themselves as agents for this work, will receive twno copies for one year, which will be sent to them as soon as their papers arc received containing the advertisement. March 12. ir 6 Sheriff's Sales. B Y virtue of sundry writs offierifacias, le mne directed, will be sold at Edgeflek Court House, on the first Monday and Tuesday in April next, the following property, viz: David Richardsib. vs Wiley lilton; Amory Sib!ey, va Wiley Milton; Jacob B Smith. v, Wiley Milton, Rosella Blaylock, vs Wile) Milton; Joseph Hightower, and Eli Milton: W. Harley, Administrator, vs Wiley Mil ton; other Plaintiffs, severally, vs Wiley lil ton. one tract of land ciontaining five thousaiid acres, more or less, lying on big Horse Creek, on which is a valuable set of Saw M ills, adjoin. ing John Wise, Chas. Lamar, and others. Yeldel & Carter, vs Wiley and Eli Milton, two negro girls, Elsey and Jane, aler. 4 mules, one road wagon and one gray horse, sold as the property of Eli Milon. Thomas M] orris, va Eli and Wiley Milton, the above described propeity A. J Rambo, vs Eli Milton, the above de scribed property. Goodwin & larrington, vs Spencer Els more, one tract of land containing 14 acres, more or less, adjoining John Bush and others. The Same, vs the Same, one otlier tract con taining one hundred acres, more or less, ad joining John B. Bush and ithers. James Griffin, vs Geo. Thurmond, one tiact of land containing - acres. more or less, ad. joining Archibald Morgan and others. Thomas Ferguson, vs Elizabeth Whitten, one trtct of land containing 125 acres, more or less, adjoining Joab Lucius, P. Searles and others. L Glanron, vs S. C. Scott; Atticus and Lan den Tucker, vs S. C. -Scott, two tracts of land, one called the Rocky Pond tract, contain ing seven hundred and ninety-five acres, more or less, adjoining .Mrs. Kilcrease and others. The other tract lying on Savannah river, con tainimg three hundred and nine acres, more or less, adjoining Mrs. Mary Burt, and others. Other Plaintiffs, severly, vs the Same, the above described property. Geo. Dominick, vs Azarinh Stone and Rob'. Newtont, one tract of land where the defendant Stone lives. containing - acres, more or less. Gen. Adams, vs Azariah Stone, the above de scribed property. Walker, Covington & Fair, vs B. F. McDon ald, onnt house and lot in the town of Hanimtrg, known in the plan of said town as lot No. 14. hounitding on Centre Street, having fifty-four feet 6iont, atd 210 f'eet deep. Robert Martin & Co vs Robert Anderson. six nerrocs, viz: Marialh, Dave, Amanda, Wil. liam. Sarah and berchild. Terms-Vash. S. CHRISTIE, K. K. D. March 16, 1840 c 7 Sherifis Sales. B Y Virtue of sundry writs offierifacias, to me dir,-cted, will be sold at t-.daeield Court Honese, on the first Mlonday and Tuesday in April iiext, the following property, viz: Isaac Henry vs J. K. Kilburn, one negro man Nick. A. J. Rambo vs same, the above described property. Gideon H. Hull, vs Hugh R. Bracenridge, onesorrel tmare. Neal Holland, Assignee, vs the same, the above described prolettv. Yeldell & Carter vs Eli and Wily Milton one sniall Mill and two and a quarter ncres of land, un Clear branch adjoininsiohn Marsh and Wi ley Milton. Terms Cash S. CHRISTIE. 3 .n. March 23 1840 b 3 State of South Carolina. EDGEFIELD DISTRICT. Samuel Harlinig to Nancy Greem und Mortgage Wn. S. Johnson Ex'r. B Y Virtue of a Mortgage from Samuel Harling,to Nancy Green and WilliamS. Johnson Executor, will be sold at Edgefield C. Hotse, oi the flist Monday in April next, the following property, viz: Two negroes Simon and Prince. Terms Cash. S. CHRISTIE, s.,E. D, March 16, 1840 c 7 State of South Cai olina. EDGEFIELD DISTRICT. A. Y. Burton, vs Foreclosure of Anson Mobley, Mortgage. BY Virue of a Mortgage from Anson Mobley to Allen Y. Burton, will be sold ait Edgefield Court House, on the first Mtonday in A pril next the following property, viz: Onue tract of land containing one hundred and eighteen acres, more or less, ndjoinin~g Benjamin Tillman. JamesGriffin & others; also. one Negro Man Simon. Terms Cash. WV. H. MOSS, Agent March 16, 1840 - c 7 State of South Carlolinia. EDGEFIELD DISTRICT. BY OLIVER TOWLES Esquire, .1POrdinarv of Edgefield District. Whereas Wmis. S. Howard hath applied to ome for Letters of Administration, on all and singular the goods and chattles, rights andl credits of Margaret Clark, late of the District aforesaid, deceased. These are, therefore, to cite and ad mon ish all and singular, the kindred aund credi mors of the said dleceased, to be and appear before me, at our next Ordinary's Court for the said District, to be holdeni at Edge field Court House ont the thirteenth (lay of April tnext, to show cause, if anty, why the said administration should not be granted. Given cunder my hand and seal this 26th day of March in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty and itn the sixty-fourth year of Atmericani Independence 0. TOW L ES 0. E-.D. March 26, 1840 (82 124) b 9 NOTICE. jLL persons indebted to the Estate of Robt. A. Watts, deceased. are requested to make immediate payment; and all persous having de mands 'igainst the Estate are requested to pre sent them duly attested, within the time pre. scribed by law. RORT. McCULLOUGH, Ex'r. Julys 18. 1839 tf 24 From the Charleston Courier of Feb. 37. "1-lath not a Jew eyes? hath not a Jev hands, organs, dimensions, senses, afic lions, passions? fed with the same food hurt with the same weapons, subject t the same diseases, healed by the sam means, warmed and cooled by the sam winter and summer, as .a Christian is? i you prick us, do we not bleed? if you tickl us do we not laugh? if you poison us do w, not die? and if you wrong us shall we no revenge? if we are like you in the rest w will resemble you in that." Merchant of Venice. The taunts and personalities recenti levelled at us by the Mercury, were wo of the revengeful spirit imputed to us b that print, would render Shylock's huts of passion. against Iib Christian oppressor entirely a hefitting caption for our reply But notwithstanding the inapplicability o the revengeful portion of Shylock's speect to our present purpose, and indeed to owt nature, it itay otherwise suggest nssocia lions, not inappropriote to theslje-t ant general tenor of the following retnarks. The Mercury. of Saturday last, gave caption to its rude andi uncourteotis remark on our exceptions to the political, or part3 aspect of Gen. M'Duffie's eulogy on Gen Hayne, quite in keeping with its perver sions of our meaning. and misrepresenta tious of our feelings. We challenge the adduction of a single word from our edito. rial, indicative of "the Cotrier's Indigna tion" against Gen. M'Duffie, or at wat with the profession that it wras written "tore ir sorrow than inl anger " So fat from having vented otn Gen. M'Dulfie "an ungenerous and unprovoked overflow ol hile," we expressly acquitted him of any "exhibition of ill-feeling." or even -1 tn. kind intention," and ascribed his excep tionable course entirely to an error of "lhis taste and judgment." We objected to the major patrt of tis discottrse "as most oh n~xiously ou Iof plh.re," it being a disserta tion on Nullifiation, or rather a warm vindiention of tha: doctrine; addressed to a mixed assembly of Union men and Nulli fiers, by an ettlogist, chosen by a mixed commiltee of Union men and Nullifiers, to commemorate the virtues and services of tite whose premature death, in the midst of his useful labors and at the height of his honorable fame, Union men atid Nul lifiers united to deplore. "The very head aid frott of our offending bat h this extent, no more"-and for this honest and tem perate expression of our wounded feelings, we have been assailsd by the Mercttry with vulgar coarseness, and fierce ran' cour. We have been ever anixious to pre. serve the dignity of the press, and evett itt editorial wnrfare tointerchange a knightly coutrtesy; and to accomplish this end we have often horte and forlmrne mitch, int our past controversies with the Mercury. There are occasions, however, when self respect commands anti excuses, if it does not fully justify, the adoption of it diffier ent and severer tone. Such an occasion has, in our opinion, ttow arisen. and in re ply to the unfounded allegation of the Mercury, that our "attack on Getn.M'Duf fie has excited the wonder, indignatior and contmcnpt of every generons mani whether Union man or Nullifier"-we say that we feel abundantly satisfied that our remarks could not possibly have in spired the contempt ofany hut the contemp tible. We say this, not on hypothesis, but on actual and gratifying expiettene-for generous Uhion men, and generous Nulli fiers too, have voluntarily tendered us their free and full approval. And so far from indulging that tiudying hate towards our old polittcal adversaries, which the Mercury woulid impute to us. and which we fear, firds its prototype in the unex tinguished fires of the Mercury's owt bo som,. we are proudt to say that there are itanty Nullifiers wvhomn we cherish in outr heart of hearts, and who cherish its with corresponding devotion; and we addl, in perfeerincerity,thait we should take shame to ottrselves were we calpable ofa wish tc fan into life the embers of our past con tetntnS. As a conclusive proo~f of the kind feel ings, and of the spirit of good will and char ity, with which we wver: to hear Gen.. M'. Dullie, we cite the followving editorial fromr the Cotmier, otn the morning of the proces. sion andI eulogy: "The Procession and the Eulgy-O etttire comnmuntity will utnite this diav~wiuth. out distimictiotn of party. in doing honor tr the memory of a patriot and statesmani, who wvas belovetd and adlmiredl, while liv. ing, and whose premature death in the zenith of his usefulness and fame is a cause of trui versal mourning, antd lamentatioi. The virtues of the illustrious HVYNa wvill lie this dlay commemorated, too, by ar Eulogist, wvhotn South Carolina ranks a mong the most gifted and true hearted of lier soits." We are informed by the Mercurv thal some Uniion man, whose eairs supped full of Gen. M'Ilutffie's laudation of Nullicatior fottnd "not one soord" in it, "calculated te oifi'end any reasonable man," and wvhc "was delighted," with the whole perform anice, and "consideretd the Union met present complimented, [heaven save the mark!] by the orator's scrupuilouts avoid, ance of topics andt expressions, whlich hiad the least tetndency to offend the most sen. sitive Union matn." If this he so, wve pita the Union man in question-he mtust have forgotten his principles-he mutst havt beenseduced from his ancient allegiance by some tiewv party connexions, and all wvi can say is, "E phraim is joinei to his idol. let hinm alone." But the Mercury furthe informs us that this strangely constitute< or compiletely revolutionized'Union Man who has voinntarily mrnle common Cn,,S with that point against us, and who has i become so obtuse in feeling as to have per - ceived nothing to offend the Union party in Gen. M'Duffie's discourse, actually felt rhe wish that every man of that party could have heard Gen. 51'Duflie inculcate the Doctrine, and sound the praises of r Nullification. Wonderful liberalitv! a mazing generosity to the one *party--pa: ternal kindness to the other! And this Union man, too, we are told, is "a better judge of delicacy" than we are. We von. der if this or either of the other contented Union men rherred to by the Mercury, is the same gentleman, who was once re buked by the Mercury for vulgarity, in declaring at a public meeting that "the Nullifiers were lice crawling on the backs of the community.' - We repeat here, however. that we do not charge Gen. M'Dunfie with having ut iered any offensive allusion to the Union party; all that we charge is, that he abused the patience, and wounded the feelings of the Union men pres-ent, by a niisplaced and ill-timed advocacy of Nullification, to a far greater extent than was nenessary, in even a Nullifier, to illustrate the char acter and services of Gen. Havne, and that too, with a warmth of expression, which necessarily implied blame and re proach on the opponents of that doctrine. The very delicate and sensitive Union men, alluded to by the Mercury. heard Gen. M'Dulfie say, for instance, that Gen. Jack son's Proclamation (which the Union-party approved) "preached a crusade" or "was a crusade against South Carolina," and this. we presume, he heard with delight. aud was therefore anxious to have the whole Union party participate in his ec sincy. There were other expressions, more objectionable than that we have cited, but we forbear. lest we might misquote; as many parts of Gen. M'Duffie's discourse fell indistinctly upon our ear. We heard enough of it how'ever. to be well assured of our main ground of exception, that ii was a defencep and vindicatiou of nullifica tion, elahorated at most. protracted length -and on this ground we base our opinion that it was out of place, out of season, and necessarily offensive to the Union men who invited the delivery of the Eulogy, or who assembled to hear it. If Gen. M' Dufflie had confined himselfto a brief alli sion to nullification, or even defence of it. qo rar as it-waq necessarily involved in the illustration of Gen. Hayne's character and career, representing the doet rine. however, as a debateable one, and one on which the best and wisest men of the Union, both in past and present times, entertained war ring opinions, our complaint may then have been groundless, but against his long and elaborate dissertation on the doctrine. and dogmatic assertion of its correctness, we insist an both the right and propriety of our exception. When Gen. M'Dufie's Eulogy, shall he put in print, we will be able, by citations from it, more fully to vindicate the course we have pursued and un'il then, perhaps, we may siffer in juistice from the hostile or the prejudiced. We have hut one more topic, which at present demands extended comment. The Mercury actnses us of an "ungener ous stat at Mr. Pinckney." The Mercu ry vindicating Mr. Pinckney against the Courier! The Mercury-which but a few years back, denounced hIim "as a traitor to the South," and which once opposed him for Congress, and t wice for the Mayoralty, with hitter and uncompromising hostilit-y. When Mr. Pinckney was assailed with a storm ofohloquy and reproach, by the en tire nullification press, for his manly and independent course on the abolition qies lion in Congress, the Coirier rtood tp fer him on principle. and did battle for him and vith him against his foes, and so far aire we from having made "an uncenerous~ stab t Mr. Pinckney." in our exception to his course at the public meeting. called, without distinction of party, to do hoiior to the tmemory of Gen. Hayne, and ex press the p~ub'lic andt common grief for his dleathi, that we are rather entitled to regard his conduct on that occasion "ant ungener otis stab" at us. welt authorising us to ex-. claim "et mu Bruce!" Whtat was Mr. Pinckney's course in that affatir. As May or of the City, antd as the oirgan of the City Council of Charleston, then, as now, containing a majority of Union men, he was appointed to present a preamble and resoluitioins to the mixed meeting, suitable to the mournful ocasion. The preamble, w"hich he submitted, without previouis a doption by the Council, and the speech, with which he prefaced it, contained sev eral allusions offensivo to the Union men present antd the preambleespecially, con tainied a.positive assertion of nullification, or State interposition as the right ful rem edly for alleged oppresbions of the General Government. We wvere shocked and in dig~nant at the time, and our feelings met with a warm response, personally express ed to us,from many generous nullifiers pres ent; and indeed, so far as we can learn, the feeling of disappmohation wvas almost universal among both Union men and Nullifiers. Otne Nullifier said to uts, that had lie been a Union man, he would have felt it his duty to have risen anti move to expunge the objectionable passages, and that when he sawv a distinguished memher of the Union party rise, he made euire that he had risen for that purpose, and he was disappointed to find it otherwise. Anoth er wvarm Nullifier, one of the most zeal ous and true hearted friends of Mr. Pinek ney, told uis afterwards, that he had heard nutmerons Nullifiers pointedly condemning the course of Mr. P., and that he had met Iwith but a single dissentient, and that in one of the most violent of the party, who had always becn remarkable for his party bhterness. Notwithstanding this, the U Won party, from respect to the sanctity of the occasion, and the memory of the de ceased, curbed their indignant leeliugs,and remained silent spectators of the scene, most, if not all of them declining to vote at all when the question was taken. After the adjournment of the Meeting, the editor of the Mercury (who is now about to take up-the gauntlet for Mr. Pinokney against our engenerour warfare) came up to a par ty ofgentlemen with whom we were con versing, and volunteered the statement to us personally that he was "shocked" (the very word .he used) at. Mr. Pinekney's course, and declared that he himself would interferp-and get the preamble modified a pledge which he redeemed, we believe, as far as he could. We, too, interfered and had a warm interview with o6e of-Mr. Pinckney's warm friends who had posses sion of the manuscript, and we urged in all friendliness to Mr. P., and with a view to his interests, as well as to satisfy the Uni on party. the suppression of certain passa ges as essential to the desired object. Our suggestions, notwithstanding our most earnest remonstrances, were only partially acceded to-the most objectionable passage was exputiged, but others were retained, which we deemed highly exceptionable, and we declared to them that we were not satisfied, and that the partial modification of the preamble would not satisfy the U nion party. We proceed now to cite some of the most objectionable features which Hr. Pinckney would not consent to ex punge, or, at all events, did not expunge. In his speech as published, he speaks of Gen. Hayne as being in the van of'the great army of State Rights and "leading on thousands to assert the cause of Caro lina, and the true principles of the Federal Constitution." [i. e. uullification.] In the preamble as published, Gen. Hayne's speech in the debate, on Foote's resolu tions in the Senate of the Union, is justly extolled for eloquence and ability, and Gen. HIayne is represented approvingly as havitg then,"forthe first time,taken ground for the South, against the oppressions-of the Federal Government,on the broad prin ciple of State sovreignty." (i. e. nullifi cation.) Again, in alluding to Gen. H.'s eloquent counter-proclamation to Gen. Jackson's the preamble, as published says: "To this Gen. H. rEisp6ided liy a crtzn ter-proclanation, in which he ably exhib ited the wrongs and asserted the rights of the South and vindicated the principles oJ the party [i. e. nullification] to which he was attached." Now, we insist that these expressions, unmodified, were improper to be inserted ini a preamble, presented by one, acting as the organ of a Union Council, and pre sented for the acceptince of a mixed as sembly of Union men and Nullifiers, and M r.Pinckney's refusalor omission io modi fy them cancelled all obligution of forbear. ance towards him. As, however, he had expunged a porion and the most obnox tons portion of the preamble, a measure which we urged for his own sake, not ours, we did forbear, and would still have for borne to comment on tle subject, if Gen. W'Duffie had not, tinder very similar cir mumstances, given like cause of exception, although, we candidly.admit, to a less of lensive extent. We are willing to sacri lice much for the preservation of peace in Dur political family, but when our rights or our feelings are trampled on or invaded, we will never hesitate to give a fearless expression of our sentiments. We would have been content to have said nothing more about Mr. Pincknev, had not the Mercury forewarned us that it was about io employ those cudgels in favor of Mr. Pinckney, with which it was wont to be labor him, without mercy and without compunction. Wo observe that another print, whoso editor admits that he did tnt hear the Eu logy, atid that it has given rise to a serious division of opinion in the community, puts forth a homily on the blessings of peace and concord,and deprecates the rekindling of the fires of formerastrife. We know not what may be the intended application of these remarks: anel we therefore content ourselves with saying that if any intention or desire (wvhich we have again and agaitn disavowed) shall be ascribed to tus, from any qunarter,to disinter the buried animos ities of' the past,atnd make them the ground of renewed party warfare,we are prepared to brand the imputation with the epithet it deserves. In conclusion we add that the Mercury may weall put in a caveat a gaintst our reference to Gen. M'Duffie's "One of the People," in which he de tnouniced and ridiculed state rights con amore and carried ultra consolidation doctrines to the vory ultiana thule of extavagance in wvhich lie dogmatized then as fiercely against State Rights as lie does noto in fa vor of nullification. Whenever Gen. M' Duffie circulates his new political poison, we shall feel It otir duty to furntish the an tidote from his own tmedicine chest. Death of Columbus.-With all the fer votir of his imagination, its fotidest dreams fell short of the realit y. He died in igtor ance of the grand discovery. Until his last breath, he etntertained the idea that he had merely opened a new way to the old resorts of opulent commerce, and had dis covered some of the wild regions of thae east. He supposed Hispat'uola to be the ancient Ophtir which had been visited by the ships of Solomon,, andi that Cuba and Terra Firma wvere bttt remote parts of Asia. What visions of' glory would have broke upon his mind could he have known that he had discovered a new continent, eqnal to the whole of the old world in magnitude, and.separated by two vast 0 ceans from all the earth hitherto known by civilized'man! And how. would his magnanimous spirit have been consoled amidst the affliction of age and the cares of penury, the neglect of a fickle public; and the injustice of an ungrateful kingp could he have anticipated the splendid em- 3 pires which were spread over the beauti ful world he had discovered; and the na ions, and tongudi, ind languages, which were to fill its land with his renown, and to revere and bless his name to-the latest posterity!-Irving. The PFipeen Gallon Rail Road' Keg. -We yesterday inspected -at the Rail Road Depot, i freight car in the-form of a Mamothhogshead which we were inform ed 6t the suggestion of Col. Gadden,. had been constructed and experimented on by Mr. Tupper ibe President. . Its dim-en sions where eight feet diametera Athe bilge, and -twenty one feet long, and on its. first voyage transported up about fifteen thou-, sand pounds of. coffee with some light merchindize in addition and brought doWn. twenty nine square bales of cotton. The experiment has been most satisfactory, and the. hogshead form for cars.-is recom mended as best calculated to counteract the resisting pressure of latteral.or opposing winds; leart exposed to fire; as sheding from. its rotundity; the sparks as they fall and thus not requiring tinning-lighter; chda.. er of construction; and admitting'of wheels of larger diameter without -elevating the car, than those hitherto used, and most.of all, least exposed to injury from ihejarriuig effects of the locomotive and the vibrations of rapidity of movement. It is believed, that the hogshead cars will out last any which have as yet been in use, an.d will, by all .be esteemed the most important in diminishing expense from the cousthnt reparation trnd renewal, which the. cars of ordinary construction now reqire. We understand that the agents on the' road feel so well assured of the great su periority of the hogshead form for freight.. cars at least-that Mr. Tupperhas ordered several of larger dimensions, than,. the modefone which has been experimntted on, to be immediately .consiructed, -and' which will convey from 40 to 45 'bales of cotton. - 'We likeise soon contemplates barreling up the passengers on the Rail Road, in a passage hogshead, the bung of which, to be ornamented with, a small dome or sky-light. We claim "The Fifteen Gallon Rail Rond Keg" as a Carolina invention, and while we demand no patent, we shall be stlicient gratified in witnessing all the other Rail Road Companies adopting the Hogshead from, as a decided imporve ment in the construction of fright and pas senger cars.-Char. Mercury, 14th ult. Correspoidence'of the Charleston Courier. WASHINGTON, March 23. The Senate met but half an hour this mornin2, before going into executive busi ness. Mr. Webster's resolution calling for information as to the operation of the treasury note system, was adopted. Tb subject which employs so much of the at tention of the Senate, in secret session, is the Seneca Treaty. Itn the House, it was resolution day. Mr. Jones represented the urgent necesi. y of acting on the treasury note bill, and moved to suspend the rules in order take it utp; but the motion was lost. There is as mutch need of the passage of the appropriation bills as of any other. MARCH 24. In the senate, to-day, Mr. Webster, pre sented a memorial of sundry proprietors and managers of American Steam Ves sels on the impolicy and itnjustice of cer tain enacttments contained in the law re lating to Steam Boats, asking to be restor ed to the rights and privileges which be long to other citizens engaged in naviga tion. The memnorial was referred to the same Committee, which has lately repor ted an additional bill on the subject. The Steam Boat owners complain still more of the new bill now proposed thtan of the existing law. They wish to have all re strictions, on their business removed. They ask to be protected from the "pro Posed aggravations of the relentless doc trines of the common law, as it now gov erns the responsibilities of common crimes" and which, if enacted, will, they say, de stroy the business. If steam navigation, they add, be deemed too hazardous for the public safely, it would be more just to pro hibit it entirely. They deity that the ex iting, or the proposed laws furntish ade quate remedies for disasters. Congress will, no doubt he willinag to receive any practical suggestions on the subject, but at is to be hoped that they will not allow the Steam Boat companies the "large liberty" that they demand, In the House, Mr. Botta consumed the. morning hour in continuing his argument on the subject of the admission of the -Jer sey members. He contended that the House had admitted these members with out any examination or proof that they had been duly elected; they had been admitted upon the report of a Committee, which re-. port was itself made wvithout due examina tion. There was not a man in the Houise, be averred, who woutld have ,voted that these members should take their seats, whether elected by legal or- illegal votes; but this objet has been~eff'ecled indirectly through, the report of the Committee. By a late act of the Legislature of Alabama, the personal attendance of females as witnesses at court in civil cases, is dispensed with-their witten donositionm.- are substituted in all case.