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EXTRACTS FROM THE SPEECH OF MR. PICKENS, On the Cumberland Road In the first place, then, and' in order to re certain of the term or the contract, I will refer to it. The first act: which we have on the subject, was passed in the year 1802 It was ibe act by which Ohio was admitted into tie Union, and the pro vision bearing upon this point in the fol lowing wordst Sec. 7. "Thai one twentieth part of the nett proceeds of the lands lying within the said State, sold by Congress, frum and lafter the thirteenth of June next, -after do. ducting all expenses incident to the'sbme, shall be applied to the laying out and ma king public roads, leading from the navi-. gable waters emptying into the Atlantic, to the Ohio, to the said State, and through. thesame; such roads to be laid out under the authority of Congress, with the consent of the:several States through which the road shall pass." The next act bearing upon the point, was passed in 1803. By the act I have just read, oue twentieth part of the nett proceeds of the public lands in the State of Ohio, was set apart for purposes of in ternal improvement. - In the year 1803, that provision was somewhat altered by the following: Sec. 2. "And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Treasury, shall, from tine to time, and whenever the quarterly accounts of the receivers of public moneys of the several land officers shall be settled, pay three percent of the nett proceeds of the lands of the United States, lying with in the State of Ohio, which since the thir teenth day of June last, have been, or -hereafter may besold by the U. States, after deducing all expenses incidental to the same, to such person or persons, as may be authorized by the Legislature of the said State, to receive the same; which sums thus paid, shall be applied to the laying out, opening, and making, roads witbin the said State, and to no other pur pose whatever; and an tnnual account of of the application of the same, shall be trausmitted! to the Secretary of the Treas ary, by such officer of the State as the Le gislature thereof shall direct; and it is hereby declared, that the payments thus to be inade, as well as the several appro priations for schools, made by the prece ding section, are in conformity with, and in consideration of, theconditions agreed on by the State of Ohio, by the ordinance of the convention of said State, bearing date 20th of Nov. last." It will he seen by this clause, that Con gress so far altered the act which set aside one-twentieth partof the proceeds. (which is equal to five per cent,) as to appropriate three-fifths of the same to the State itseif, to be managed and laid out according to -its own views of its, own local interests, ..leaving two percentof the fund undispo sod of.. In the year 1806, we had the first act making a specific appropration to the Cumberland road, - and the clause of the act whioh relates to the point 1 am now discussing, in the following words: Sec. 6. "And be it further enacted, That the sum of thirty thousand dollars be, and the same is hereby, appropriatied, to defray the expense of h.. Ing out and ina king said road. [Cumberlandroad.J And the President i hereby authorised to draw, from time to time, on the Treasury, for such parts. or at any one time, for the whole of said sum, as lie shall judge the service requires, which sum of $30,000 shall be paid, first, out of the fund of two per cent, reserved fo:- laying out and snaking roads to the State of Ohio, by vir toe of the 7th section of an act passed on ,the30th day of April, 1802, enitled "An act to enale the people of the eastern di -vion of the territory northwest of the river -Ohio, to formt a Constitution and State Governmeint, &c., and for other purpo ses,' three per cent of the appropriation contained ini said 7th section,.being direc tetd by a subsequent law, to the laying out, opetning. and making t-oads withini the said State of Ohio, and secondly, out of any money in the Treasury not other wise appropriated, chargeable upon, and reimbutrsable at, the Treasury, by said fund of two per cent. as the same shall accroe." That was the first specific appropria ion; an appropriation of $30,000 to the survey and commencemuent of the road; and if it should be p)aid out of aty money in the Treasury not otherwise appropria ted, provision was made for the reimburse muent back to the Treasury, out of the two per cent cent. fund. We have thus seen that the gentleman from Ohio LMr. Mason,1 is correct in sta ting that there was a spectfic fund. I have quoted the provisionary clauses 'which bear upon and define it; and to show how remarkably guarded Congress has been, I wvill now qtuote twvo other acts passetd more recently, indicating that Congress did con sider tfis as a trust fund anid intended to appropriate, at ditTrent periods, so much money and no more. And no ground can be raised directly or indit ecily upon which to rest the demand for this appropriation. except upon the principles laid down by the gentleman from Indiana, [Mr. How ard,] who. I must say, put himself upon tnach highei- ground than that of a specific contract; knowing as be did, that it wvas too weak to carry him through, he paid little or no attention to it. Sir, the gen dleman was right. Rest the case upon that contract, atnd it must fail before any court of chancery in the civilized w~orld. But I proceed to show bow guarded Congress has been, and with this view, I quote from an act passed June 24, .1834, for the continuationl of the Cumberland road; . Sec. 4."That, as sootn as the sum by this act appropriated, or so much thereof a is necessary, shall be expended in the repair of said road, ageealy to the provi sions of this act, the same shall be surren dered to the States respectively, through which said road passes; and the United States shall not thereafter be subject to any expense for repairing sai road." sI now quote another clause from an act passed March 3, 1835: See. 3. " And - be- it further enacted, That before any portion of the sum by the second section of this act appropriated tal .be e.. p..,.ded :.n th.. --1..r fuch road east ogrh Ohio river. agreeably -to the provisions of this act; the same shall be surrendered to,and accepted lby the States respectivelyt hrough which said road pass es; and the United States shall not there after be subject to any expense in relation to said road." By this it will be seen, that it was ex pressly intended that the Federal Govern meht should not-be 'subject thereafter to any expenses in relation to this road; and here it is to be remarked, ihat if gentlemen put the appropriation, on the ground of contractthey musttake the whole contract, as indicated at different times, and not a part of it. But I proceed now to show, on the au thority of documentary evidence, that this trust fund thus set aside by the- fiyrst acts which have been referred to. has been ex hausted more than five times over. With this view, I will read the estimates of 11h atnount'expended on tho road, as reporte.. to this House, in document No. 3,50, from the Treasury department, April 01, 1838: 1st. The eggregate amount of the ..r'e per cent. fund actually'paid to the States of Ohio Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri, is $1,459,467 28 This is three-fifths of the five per cent fund. Aggregate amount of two fifths of five per cent, 972,978 20 Aggregate amount of the five per cent. 2,432,445 47 This, then, is the whole of the trust fund, so far as the land is sold. Let us now see what has actually been expended *at dif ferent times upon this road. The same document will show what has been ap propriatec for the Cumberland Road, its ctotinuance, repairs, &c., to the 31st of December, 1837: For the Cumberland road east of the Ohio, 81,657,325 20 For the repairs of the Cumber. land Road, east of the Ohio, 1,126,686 82 $2,784,012 02 For the Cumbcrland road tn Ohio, 1;943,461 96 For the Cumberland road in In diana, 985,000 00 For the Cumberland road in I linois, 596,000 00 For the survey of the road fronm Wheeling to the Mississippi. 10,265 8G Aggregate amount appropriated for the Cumberland road, $6,318,739 82 Aggregate amour.t of two-fifths of-5 per cent on the nett pro ceeds of land sold in Ohio, It, diana, Illinois atid Missouri, up to the 21st of December, 1838 972,978 20 Difference between the two ag fregates, $5,346,761 62 Chus, sit, from the documents, it ap pears that $972,978 20 is the trust fund of the five per cent set aside, according to the acts of 1803 and 1805, by which this Government was made a trustee for the faithful administration of the same. And I have shown -you that the fund has been exhausted, and more than exhausted by S5,345,761 62. With what face, then, can gentlemen now call upon us to ap propriate again, at this time, $150,000. and claim it as due- from the trust rund ? It cannot be maintained. Let us now see what laudi remain yet to be sold in Ohio. Indiana, Illinois anid Missouri, to which the Indian title has been extinguished, ex cluding the lands which have been sold and otherwise appropriated : 1. In Ohio 2.150,528 07 acres. 2. In Indiana 5,629.093 90 1. In Illinois 21,12:1.161 64 4, In Missouri 33,497.055 77 Aggregate 62,399,699 38 I think, I can show, [if it were nececssa ry now') thtat our publhic lands have tnot heretofore yielded mtore than twenty-eigt cetts per acre to the public treasuiry. if we deduct all expenses, extintguishmiieet of in dian titles, purebases, mnaude by treaties, donations &c. But suippose thai the a bove sixty milliotnsof nercs(much ofwhich is refuse lantd,) shottuld hereafter yieht one dollar nett per nere, then this would give us about $62,000,003; and calenlate the 2 per' cent fund out of this, andi it would he S1240,000; atnd the whole 5 per cent fund would be but 3,100,000. Yet I have shown you thai we have already expetnded 5,345,761 62 more thatn the 2 per cent fnd now paid in; and all that in any prob ability, can come in hereafter, is $1,240. 000. But take the whole 5 per cent fronm lands yet to be stold, andl probiably it will e less than $3,100,000; which, taken from the $5,245,761 62 atlreadly in excess, will still leave a balatnce in favor of this Government of $2,245,761 61. Judging from the pasi, however, it may -be safely calculated that the ptublic lands to lhe sold, will not yiel half the sum estimated a ove, which otf course wvould reduce the 5 per cent estimate in like mannier. Thus, I trust, I have forever ptut to rest this lii sy pretext, as to the famous two per cent fund; and that no one will ever again urge upon tus this ap~propriattiont from the obli gations of a spCcWi contract. The gen tleman from Indiana, [Mr. Howard) was too good a lawyer to rest upon this; he wvell knew that lhe could not carry this appropriation upon any principle of law ur equity connected with the two per cent fund. He did not rest it entirely upon this, but took higher grounds of national inter est and expediency connected with her public policy. . As for my ownt part, rather tihan to be harassed here year after year, as we are for specific appropriationis for this object, to be made out of the National Treasury, and thus making every thing subserve local interests, I would prefer at once, if ve are t'o be compelled to carry on this wvork, that we should give to each of the States, absolutely, five out of every 105 sections of land unsold,.for their own dis posal, provided we were never to be ask ed for an appropriation again, upon this subject. Do you suppose that the tmen, who, in the ears 1802, 1803. and 1806, passed the first acts to which I have referred,could have contemplated that six millions of iollars were to be drawn from the Treas ury, in the short space of thirty three years, for this object?' They wotuld have hesita ed long, before they would have set a pre edent which is tnow. appealed to as hav intg te authority of law.-The first ap propraton,~ as I have shown, $30,000; and that sum, no doubt, was thotught to be ,--tjdrable..-because we then enjoyed the blessings of an economical. Goverfmemt. But they would not have passed it, if they had supposed that, to this amount, they were to add the sum laid down, in the es timates upon our tables, and by which it will be seen that a sum approaching the eight millions of dollars, over and above the amounts already appropriated, will be required to finish this road to Jefferson, in Missouri. It will appear from the report. from the War Department, communica ted to the Senate, 27th January, 1840,No. 122, that the estimated cost for the coim pletion of the Cumberland road hereafter, over all expenses hereitofore, is as follows: in Ohio, $638,]66 25; Indiana, $3.144, 250 21; in Illinois, T2,448,838 52; in Mis souri, $1,664,790 45, and the total esti niated cost is $7,696,045 44. Are we pre pared for this heavy expenditre? This amount, added to what has already been expended, will make $14,214,7S.5 26. Do you suppose that the framers of these first, laws would have been prepared to meet such extravagant drafts out of the public funds? Were they prepared to such a precedent by appropriating at first only 30,000; which appropriation they spe cially guarded by declaring that the amount should be paid out of the 2 per cent fund ? Would they have suffered themselves thus to he drawn into a measure which was to lay the foundation for such heavy appro priations? And it is to be remembered, that the sum of seven milliois eight hun dred thousand dollars here mentioned, is only the estimate. We all know the char acier of these estimates-that they are the mere theoretical estimates of gentlemen in their bureaus-but come to the actual amount, and you will find it to be nearer sixteen millions than eight; for, in every such estimate, the amounts actually call ed for exceed almost double the aiount first enimated. Well may the gentleman from Indiana[Mr. Howard] speak of this as a magnificent enterprize. Well may the gentleman from New York [Mr.Hlof1 man] call it the A ppian way. It may be the Appian way; it may be a magnificent enterprize-but who is to pay for it? Is it an enterprise within the provisionls ol the Constitution? Is it an enterprize with in tie limits of a Republican and econoi ical Government, involving, as it does, in all human probability, appropriations to the amount of twenty or thirty millions o0 dollars? And if the gentleman from Indi ana.is right in the bright prospects which lie drew of the futitre; if that road is fitial ly to lead, as he says, to the %hores of the Pacific, then two hundred millions of dol lars will not cover the expenditures. And this is the species of arguttent which is employed to induce a Republican Gov ernient to adopt measures that are to in sojlve the country in such enormious ex travagance!! It mav be an Appian way. as th'e gentleman from New York says. bt I would remind him that the Appian way, which led from Rome to Brundu-i um, became the great highway of emper ors who tnarched aloing it, waving the im perial eagles over prostrate slaves, and an ppressed and ritined country. Is iho Ap pian way to be cited here as an example to us? First go and maka your Govern ment as rsplendid and despotic as that of imperial Rome became in -thevprogrees of time. What was it that broke down re publican Rome ? It was this very system of partial, unjust, and corruptitng legisla tion; a system in which conquering genier als brought back spoils fron sacked cities and devastated provinces, to be divided a mnoi "Roimian citizens," and to pamper an arrogant and agrarian people. That was the cause of tie downfall of Rome-it struck a deep blow at her purity and freedom. And when the genlemtan asks us to follow examples oif that kitnd, let hitt first go to tlhatnksof the Ohmw antd the tlississippi. anti est alish granaries for the collection Elf public corn thait it mayi~ be giveni to the people. Let hitn spread out his bannier and call upon his fol'wers to cote in and divide the plundar. Mlake this (,oveamment what Rotme was, agrart an itn all its principlles, an d bring thte conn ir dotwni to the samte state of ruin, corrup tio, and pristration,. w hich characterized tho Roman repuibli. oui mtay mai~ke this Appian way-yon mtay mak~ie this Government roatd, but it will be a road. that will p.ass thronah the v'ery vitals of the Constitutin. I say, you tmay ittake such a road: you may mtake atnother in ihe South, atnd another itn the Nonri, andt you tmay call them by what nameis you choose; Lbnt rest assured, that the prmtci pe upon which yotu act, strikes am that e lul justice which should ever he the ba sis of a republiic. It not otnly strikes at that, but at the Union of these States. There can he no permanent union, except by generating those kind and cordial feel ings between the various sections of this confederacy, which can altone result from a Government which does actually dis peuse eqgnal burdens atid equal favors. Ant when it is sutpposedi that we oliptose such appropriattiouns from mere sectunal prejudices, injustice is done to the people of that persecuted region whtich stretches front the Patatpsco to thme Mtssissippt. atnd which has beeni denounced as particularly sectional in its viewvs of public policy, I say it is unjust to that people, in taking the ground which they have taken in op-. position to such mieasures, they have plant ed themselves on the great pinciples of the Constitution, and sotund natiotnal policy, They ask thtat your Government shall be equal. They do notecome tad ask at your hands favor or bonnty, they ask for a Guy ernmen' that mamy be just and forbearing in peace, so that it maty Lie strontg in war, because strotng in thte alli-etions of a devo ted and loyal people. These views are not Southern views alone, btut views af fecting deeply the pernmanent liberties of a Republican pieople every where, ini thte North and the South, in the Eaisit and West. WVe do not ask for particttlar fa vors or appropriations to us. Yet we are denounced as sectiotnal, because Soutthern interests are spoken of. But let us reflect wvhat these Southern interests are. All that we ask is a strict cotnstrutction of the Constitution. as ii regards all pottiotts ofl the Union, atnd that the local interests ofall may remain utntouched by Federal legis lation. We desire that nothitng shall ett harras the free itnternal intercotnrse of the States and thai no sectional interests muay lie touched so as to disturb their harmony. We ask that the Government shall lbe ex ternal in its operattionis conducting our in ....,..,re with foreirgn nations so as to, command their respect and regard. These sir, -may be Southern views, but they are views which I hope are not confiued to us alons, forthey justly belong to a free Re publican people in every portion. of t.his Union, who are iiterested in preserving our'Governmeut of limited powers, all to be exercised for the benefit of eq~ual and independent States. Extract of a letter receied in Charleston, dated \VASHINGTON, March 29, 18.J0. "The Treasury. Note Bill is passed. During the discussion, Mr. Graves, of Kentucky, made a furious attack upon the consistency of Pickens. In reply, Pick ens handled him with gloves ol. He rid iculed the attempt of Graves to imitate Clay. He compared his arguments to those of justice Shallow. He told the 2entleman, that great principles were. a bove his (Mr. Grave's) comprehension. He then proceeded in a sitrain of indignant eloqience to defend his position ; to show clearly, that his actg with the admiis tration, was in necordance with his prin ciples, and that to have done otherwise, would have been to sacrifice to personal relations, great principles at the very mo ment they were about to be carried out. He remarnked, that he came into Congress in opposition to the ForeeBill, Proclana tion, Tarill, National Bank, and Internal improvements. Upon opposition to these principles, he would rest his claims to con sist ency. Mr. Picken's constitents have reason to lie prond of him, and the State may always rely irion a Champion so long as he occupies a place upon the flo-ir of Congress." March 30. I have just seen a ltetr from Detroit, dated February 3. stating that Great lriiain is preparing for something in that region ''more important than combating with patriot humbugs." The writer states ihat block houses are erected and erecting, all along that frontier, atid that troops are gaihering in great numbers. It is also stated that 2000 American Indians have been collected, in th at vicinity. and armed with new rifles, supplied with new biank ets, and living in tiew,. huts, and provided with daily rations, by the British. Flour and other provisinis hnd beetn contracted for. to be delivered forthwith. Advices of the same tetor have heretofore been re ceived. It las been remarked by some, that Great Britain is surrounding us on every side. A war will atiord her some pretext for seizing upon Cha. The Treasrv Note Bill from the House was read twice, and taken into immediate consideration. Mr. liubbard stated that the Chairman or the Committee of Fi nance was unfortunateily absent, in conse quence of the sickness of his family, but that it was the wish of the Committee that the bill should he passed this day, or to morrow, at ftrthest. lie went on to give an cxpose of the conlition of the Treasttry, and to shew that, nless a war took place with Great Britain, the stum called for by this hill, would lie sufliciert to meet all the deficientv in the revenne of the year. Mr. Websier expressed his regret at the absence of the Chairman of tle Commit tee, as well as at the occasioi of it, and said he had hoped to heat- froi him a full exposition inot only of the preseti, but of the prospectire state of the Treasury. lie first spoke of the proosed hill. and shew ed that it antuntied to a loan of five mill ions of dollars for two years. It athor ized the Seeretary of the Treasury to re issue the notes as fast as they were re deened, provided that not more than five millions should be outstanding at any one tine. The law was litmited to one year; and on the last day of the year, the notes would be re-i-sied hir otte year. le then proceed to shtew that the piresetm condi tion tof thle nunces of thme r-otumrv, were fatr froti lieing ai sot:rce of congrit at hion, as the Presidetnt andl the Secretarv of tlte ~Tteasury, had stated itt the beginnting of vision tmnust tie made~ to meet the defi cienv. In the llouse, Mr. 31onroe piresetedt atn anolit ion pet itiotn, andti the Speatker, of comt se-, decied it to lie ont of ortder, unader the irtle ; M r. G idditmgs, of Ghio, alppeilled and madtne a ratnk atholitioni speech. The Speaker-'s decision was sustaine'd, 931.138. March 31. The Trenstiy Note Bill. whic-h so long seenpjied the House, wvas passed thtrough all its harmts, in tihe Senate, itt about four hours. Thle fnita vote wits 25 to 7-Mr. Betton v'otinig in the negative. After the mat~il closed yestertday, Mr. Preston spoke currenitly but tbriefly, againist the tiill. Mr. Benton opposed attits unconistitmtional, in ex pedienut, and dangerous, as a precedet. le rend extracts fri-m his arg'unmnts here tolore ttrged against the system. If the Government watitedl money, it ought, lie thought, to lie raised by loan. Mr. B3u eanan wits, also, opposed to lie lill, hut wonhil vote for it as a measure of aibsolte necessi ty-tnecre heinig no time to raise a loan. Mr. Calhotan did niot speak on the subject, bttt voted for the bill. Sonic of the Whigs say they ennnot see howy the gentle-men oni the oilier side could recon cile this bill with thteir professions, ini re gard to thme currency. It is supposed that Mr. Adams bas some design oti the Hourse, in sending tip his jie hundred and eleven petititons to thie ta ble yestet-day. lie proposed that the Speaker should examine.them, atid drter mine whlam palper came tinder the rtule, itud return to him all such paipers. The House thoughtlessly adopted the suggestion, in order to save tinme, as Mr. Adams ,vottld have consumed stome days in ofeireing each petition sepiarately. The Speaker has a hard task to pierformn, atnd Mr. A. will he sre to tnake some tr-otble about the mnat ter before it is over. In the Sennie, to-day. there was a hrief but initeresting debate on the Joint Reso Iition, fixing it day for the adjourmnmnent of Congress. Mr. Blentoni said as the Chair iman of the Commiititee of Foreigni ReI titins was abisent, lie w~ouhld sutggest that the state of ouir foreigni rehuions was such, at this ime. that a day of adjoutrnment coulditnit lie fixed. Mr. Norvell wished to refer the resnltution, together with his ill, for the meetinig of C'mtgress on the 2d Mondtay ini November, to the Comtmit tee on the Jutdiciary. Subsequecntlv, Mr. Buchanan. havinig enteredl the Ch'amber, took part in the dis cussioin, and stated, in substance, that he wa. ornallein favor of this resolution, for his whole experience, in legislative ii, had convinced him that no work would be done, in a long session, until the day of adjournment on the Ist blonday in June. Before that time, we should hear the final determination ofthe British'Goveinmien't, in July last, proposed a Convention toset lie this controversy. Our Government did not accede to the terms, lut proposed a counter project. I was gratifyingto him, (Mr. Buchanan,) to find in a late commu nicatien from the British Miuister,-lluch as h'e disliked-the temperof that note-the assurance that the British Government would he prepared to give an answer to the last proposition of the Government of the United States, as soon as they should receive the report' of their commissioners, which was expected to be made, at the close of this month. If the proposition should be rejected, we could have time to determine what to do. Mr. Benton said it was well known, from the best authority, that the British Government had lined our Northern and North Western frontier with troops, from Lake Superior to Passamaquoddy Boy, On the whole extent of hue p:eparations of a warlike character were going on. Permanent fortifleations and field works were going on all along the frontiers. The former might lie carried on even without warlike intentions.- But the latter could not be carried, on, without affording us a right, under the laws of natione, to send to that Government and demand io whait purpose these preparations were making Mr.- Benton went on to point out several other syiptomt of preparation by Great Britain, for war on this continet-her na val and military prepartations, &c. If we were to adjourn without waiting for an ad justment of the M;ine qtestion, or if we were to adjonrn withol doing sonething for putting the country in a state of de. fence, we should but invite aggression. The resolution was finally laid on the table. 23 to 17. The Senate proceeded to consider the Cumberland Road hill. The House, alier spendinig an hour in the consideration of the Jersey questinn, took up lMr. Rhett's hill to guard the pu rity of' electiois and Mr. Bell spoke ai length thereon. March 28. The House adjourned, about eleven o'clock last night, after passing the Treas urv Note Bill without amendment. So, this long and hard strtggle is over. Or the final passage of the hill, the vote was, yeas 110, nays 66. Air. J. Q. Adams an many of the most decided Whigs voted for the bi!l. In the course of this discussion, several allusions were made to the state ofo'ur re lations with Great Britain. Mr. Pickem called one gentleman in take the bill out of Committee and pns it, or reject it. It was no time, he said, after what we had all heard respecting our relations with En gland. to be quarrelling here about mere party concerns. He trusted, in God, that tte peace of :he country would be pre served, but that it was in danger. no one could doubt. Air. E. Everett, in reply in tbis sugestion, declared his belief that no collision could take place between the two governments, in consequence of any diffi culty growing out of the boundary diti culties. Mr. Morgan. of N. Y., alltuled to the subject last night, and spoke of it, with ridicule, as n "saw log war." No war he hoped, could grow out of it. War it) our condition was an absurdity. Who catn look at the defenceless condition of the country, and helieve that the administra tion would he weak and wicked enough, to plinge us into an unnecessary war. The adninistration wished to appear as courting a war; and all their hslligeret correspondence was only atn effort. on their part, to divert the public attenition fromt their own proifiigacy andit corrupitiotn. The war that we must wage, is against hbis adminisration, &c. MIr. Sttithb, oh Me., replied, with much ponint, to these rema.rks, andu declared that they were tt lithograph copy of the old fedleral piarty speeches. If the gentlemtan didl tnti ee anov danger of wvar, it was because lhe dli-i not examine the subject, &c. There is much conversationi in regard to the prospect of a war. atid the prevail ing opinion is, that there is somtte danitger of trouble on the Maine border. between the settlers on either side of the line ;but whether that will involve the two coun tries, is much doubted. Thtere is nothing to be done on our part, butt to awvait the action of Etigland for a reasotnable tirte. A letter from Washington, of the 22d inst. says :-" The Committee of Wayt and Means have recommended'-large ap' propriations for Charleston Harbor, anm hopes are entertained that half a millior; may be obtainedi to hecure our harbor, and give employment to our enterprizitig me chanis."-Courier. The State of Delaware is otnt of debi and in pocket Sl9,222 34 cents. Well done liutleone--tere's a bon bon for grod behavioiur. The big he-wetch, called Pennsylvania, ought to take a lesson oj you?-N. Y. Herald. The Washington correspondent of the Baltimore Americatn writes that, otn Sat trdaty last, in the House of Representa ives, M r. Thomipson of S. C., gave tn tice, that when the gentleman from Ohik appeared in his seat, (Mr. Duncani, wvho mnadle somec remai-ks againist Mr. Thomp son,) he shouldl require a pers;onal explatn atioti. Mtr. Duncan wa~s tnot in attend ance during the dany." ExTRAaODINATY Dr:sPAren.-The packet ship Stephen Whitney, Catptaitn fTomipson,. (sayvs the New York Com-t merciatl Adlvertiser) has mnade her voyage to and from Liverpool in seventty davs thirty of whlieb she was int port-her pats sgo averatging t wenty udays. Printing in the United States.--Aerord-. ing to ant .estitmate made~l smitie timte since, by the Newv Hedfourd Mercutry, the print ing butsintess in the United States gives employment to t wo hundmred thouvttnd per. sons, atid thtirty millions of capital. How is it possible to exp'ct that man kind will take advice, when they will not so mienh na tae warning, Nxiv Onx.E'As. March 23. F-oit TeCxa..The packet New York, Capt. Wrilit,.a~r~deyesterday morning fromn Galyeston, h-iviingi papers to ISth idst. NotrUrtherpccottria-of Mexican movements-had leached the4apital, and it was gene'rally believed thirt-iosinvasion of Texas- would-be _undertakenA-A. seri -ous accident occured at'Austin, at the an niversary celebratoqo'ilth2d.-.. can non went ollirhile ColVeW'.'Whrd was loading it, and'osbnillil his arm that it was necesshry to iimputale it near the shoulder. This genilema '-lost a leg at the storming iof St. Antonio,in 1825, Ac. cording to the -HoutouStar,:a large par. ty-of traders lately came.from beyond the Rio Grande, and-purchased nearly -altthe goods suitable for tl& exican market in the town of Bexar. Thexiin ship Za vala is to be laid up. -Gen. -.Hamilton bad not left for E urope. Gen. Houston inrived in Houston on the -15th; and it. appears by the Star, that his advent ivas'greeted by. Milam Guards and a. farge coneoorsee'or citizens, with, the.utmost cordialty. The Navidad. La gaca,. and other streams, have been so swollen by rains;:as to inna-. date large tracts of land, and it is feared the planters must 'have suffied'-greatlos ses in cattle, horses, &c. .. .... We are indebtrrl to the- politeness of a. Texian officer for the following inteli gence: The United States and Texian Boida ry.-We understand from an- officer- of. the army who has just arrived *from the' mouth of the Sabine river, that in conse quenceofa claim raised by-the Texian commissioner in belalf&,fthe government, to one half the waters of the Sahine Lake, and also one half the stream between the. outlet of that lake and the sea. - The ques tion was fully discussed by the commis sinners on the parts of the- two govern ments, who not being able to agree upon it, have adjourned the commission .nntil this point can he referred to the two nov erunments for their action Wand, decision thereon. The United States military enzineers. attached to this commission hafe. we tun derstand, estallishel the geographical po sition of the mouth of the Sahine river froin aatronomnical observationt, as follows, viz: Latitude 29, 411, north; itngitude 49 04. west from Greenwich. The variations of the magnetic needle 8, 40 easi.-Bee. M11oBr.L. Mareh, 26. Sevire Hurricane.-Loss of Lives.-On Thursday evening a destructive tornado swept over the city, which was in one or two itistatnces, fatal in its effects. The. house of Mrs, Page, situated about three. miles from the city was blown down and Mrs.P. was killed. Her daughter, also,. we understand was dangerously injured. The private hospital of Dr. Levert, which was in an unfinished state. was prostrated. A building coinected with the Nunnery, in which the Nuns were engaged in their eveniug devotions, was hurled from its basement. and several of them, we hear. were seriously injured. We - understand. also, that two negroes belonging to- one of our citizens, Mr. Smoot, were killed by the falling of a building in which they were. Trees were torn up by the roots and chimneys blown down. The. storm passed over the western part of the city. and the more densely populated section escalped its fury, or otherwise we should have had the painful duty of recording tnore vicims, The storm was accompained with hail of large size which fell in great quantities, We have apprehensions that the vessels in the hay have suffered. The late Frosts.-A letter from St John's, Berkley. dated 29th it., informs tns that " the frtuit itt expioseda places is .mcht injtured by the late frosts, btut in the pine lands it is tnot at all so.'" We ohb serve that fruit, fi:.s especially, atndveget les, have been greatly injuredl, both irn the City and ont the. Neck. We hope, however, that thte damnage is not fatal, and thatt the batlmy infi-neof April will hieal the wounds inflictedl by the nwurtial mouth. -Char. Cour.. From the Greenville Miounlaineer. The Court of Sessions atnd Comwmon Pleas for this District, cotmmenced its Spritg Term on Monday last, and will not prsobably adjourn utntil Saturday. Judge Etarle presiutes. No criminial case of much interest has yet been tried. Snow.-The motuntaitns North and WVe'st of thmis place have been covered with snow, for several -days past,. and -the weeadier is still v'ery cool. On Tuesday morniing we noticed considerableoice, in- exposed sitna tions.-Greenville M~dtntaineer. - PE'bLKron, MARCH 26. At the Court of Sessions at Pickens, last wveek, George WV. Adair, was tried on a char-ge of having murdered his wife, and acquitted. There was no other capital -cases tried. The Court adjourned on Thursday ovenitng..' At Anderson, we suppose the Court is still sit ting, as it was thought the business would very nearly occupy the . week. There was no cases howevcr,ofverygteat itn portauce. -- .tv MIL.noEvIin, March24. We haetain enough at last.1 After a sum mcr atnd wiuter of almost unprededented drongth, we have htad, within the lastten'days, a flood which has saturated the earth. delttged the creeks and rivers, stopped the mails-prodti. cedl a nont-intereontrse among our citizens, and washed awny a badly spared portion of the little remaintwg soil ofthe country. Among iw piropitiotts effects. will be. the means it givesof setnditng cert.mttdy the whole crop of the up-cou try, to maorket wvhich it waasmutchm feared woedd not be accomplished this season,-Recordes.. M~rco!. Mareb 24u. The rain has been poturing down in terrents dturingthte -week. .Thte .Oomnigee is tip tap antd loakta a tminiaturae Misimssippt. Since outr last severatl steamers4 have arrived and departed, andl there are now lying at..ur wharve's a fleet I fiadenead pole hoatrs for Darien, wvaiting the fall of the rtver, wvhich is umowhigher'than tt has beeni since the treat freshettef liM7. - Thte Weather is still utnsettled-nd if the freee cantitnnes match longer great injutry will be tttustaedl by the inundation of the lowlands. --Telegrah. --There are timnes wvhen the most frank anid sociable man may sturfeit on most loyed society, piroforinig lonelinoss rather.