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"We wil cling to the PiUars of the Temple Of our Liberties, and if is must fall, w wwiU Perish amidst the Ruins." VOLUME V. t. O , Ail i-, 1840. MO.1 E8DGEFIEJP ADVERTISEB, BY W. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR. TERMS. Three Dollars per annum, if paid in advance-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents if not paid before the expiration of Six Months from the date of Subscription and Four Dollars if not paid within twelve Months. Subscribers out of the State are required to pay in advance. No subscription received ror less than one year, and no paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid. except at the op tion of the Publisher. All subscriptions will lie continued un less otherwise ordered before the expira tion of the year. Any person procuring five Subseribers aud becoming responsible for the same, shall receive the sixth copy gratis. Advertisements conspicuously inserted at 621 cents per square, (12 lines, or lese,) for the first insertion, and 431 cts. for each continuance. Those published monthly, or quarterly will be charged $I per square for each insertion. Advertisements not having the number of insertions marked on them, will be continued until ordered out, and charged accordingly. All communications addressed to the Editor, post paid, will be promptly and strictly attended to. THE sVEW* YORKER. RICKS RDUCZD TO A CASK STANDARD! .Entirely New Type, 8/c. The Publishers of the New Yorker. respect fully announce to the public, that on Saturday, the 21st day of March, will be issued the Se. venth (annual) Volume of their Folio form, and the Ninth (semi-annual) Volume oftheir double Quarto, or octavo edition for preservation, and binding. Both papers will be printed on an entirely new type, and in a new and beautiful draft, on the same large imperial paper as for. ' New Yorker will pursue the same gener al course, and maintain the same character as hitherto, with such improvements, in details and execution as Expenence has suggested. or may suggest. Its columns will be devoted to: o. ' and Selected Literature.-Com. prising Pales, Poems, Essays, Reviews of new Works, Biographical, Historical and Humor ous Sketches, Anecdotes, &c. &c. In the de partment of Original Literature, the editors have the assistance of able pens, while their Selections are culled from the widest range of British and American current and Periodical Literature. 1H. Political Intelligence.-Under this head, brief notices of movements of Parties, through. out the Union are constantly given, with ac. counts of all important Conventions. Nonina. tions, &c., but especially of every Election of any moment, with the votes compared with those of previous years, and it is believed that in this department The New Yorker already holds a rank not beneath that of any journal in the Union. IM. General Intelligence -Under this head a condensed but comprehensive summary of the News of the Day, oreign and Domestic, will from week to week be given. Terms.-The Folio edition, will be issued ever Saturday morning, at the reduced price of Two Dollars per annum, in advance. The Quarto edition, is published and maile every Saturday evening, on a double medium sheet of sixteen laige three-column pages, ex cluding Advertisements, and including a page of new and popular Music, and afforded at Three Dollars per annum, payable in all cases in advance. For Five Dollars, (post paid) in advance, two copies will be mailed for one year. Address H. GREELY & Co. No.21 Ann street. New York, Or the Subscriber at Edgefield C. H. March, 1840. C. A. MEIGS, Ag't. Valuable Family Paper. T HE Publisher of the Paptist Advocate, res tfull informs the Christian' ublic, that he hmade arrangements for pubishi'ng every week, in the above ppr Illustrations of-eBi~e. Consisting of views of te sieost remarkable acad objects, mentioned in -the Old and !New Testamnents: AdLs;views of the principal Missionary Stations, throughout the world Engraved by the first Artists in the United States, of the original sketches, taken on the* spot, by Laborde, Forbini Morier, Le Bruyn, Ker Porter. Stephens, Bachiagham, McFar lane and ethers. The paper is established on a permanent ba sin-being sustained by an Association with a Capital Stock of 510,000. Terms.-The Advocate is published at twco del~ars and ffly cents, in advance. . Address ROBERT SEARS, 122 Nassau street, N.Y. Or the Subscriber,at Edgeifeld C. House. Earch, 1840. C. A. MEIGS. Ag't. 'The Mount Pleasant Silk AgricuraliSt, AND FARMIER'S MANUEL. -A Monthly Publication devoted to the Growcth .jl.of Silk, Manufacture ofBeet Sugar, and eks Impreement qjtrlc' ure, Horticulture, and Rurarndomsa Economy;~ basjust been improved and enlarged, and is now the neat estand cheapest Publication of the kind issued from any countryoffice in the United States. Each number contains 24octavo pages with the addition of acover and a neatly executed fron tispiece,representing the Silk-worm in its varn ous stages; and will be delivered to _single subscribers at the remarkably low price of Oss: DOLLAR per annum, payable in advamce; or, Sxvzw copies will he forwarde for FRva Dollars-Fzrrzui' copies for Tzc Dollars-25 copies for Firrzzy Dollars, or 40 copied for Twzwrv Dollars, for one year, according to orders. Orders for this work, postage paid, addressed to Avza dr Mu.L.za. Brandonnule P.O0. Pres tes county, Va.,will receive prompt attention. CSubscriptions received by W . F. Durisoe, Agent for Edgefield District. 32Editors who will publish the above (and this note)a few times, and announce themelves as agents for this work, wvill receive twoo copies for one year, which will be sent to them as soon as their papers are received containing the advertisement. Ma-c.. if. 6A Phoenix Stone Ware FactOry. TO MERCHANTS AND THE PUBLIC IN GENERAL. T he Subscribers having been engaged in the manufacturing of Stone Ware at Pottersville, in Edgefield, S. C. for many years and from long experience, and former owners of that establishment, have located themselves at the Phconix Factory, Shaws Creek, twelve miles from Edgefield C. House on the main Road leading from Newberry, Union, and the upper Districts to Aiken, for the purpose of manufacturing Stone Ware in all its various branches. They have procured the best of workmen and airecnnstantly making up, and have a large stock on hand. Their assortment is the most complete ever before offered for sale in this market, to which they would call the at tention of Druggists, Merchants and Planters, and all those who wish to purchase any thing in their line. Among the many articles of wvhich their stock is composed, are the follow. Ing viz: Jars of all sizes from 4 gallon to20 gallons. Jugs of all sizes do. * do. 20 do. Churns of all sizes 2 do. 5 do. Bowls or pans of all sizes, from J do. to 5 do. Butter Pots of all sizes from J do. to 3 do. with covers. Pitchersofall sizes from J do, to3 do. And leds neatly nade for jars and churns if desired. Stew Pots of various sizes, &c. &c. All of the above is inferior to none made in the United States. Orders addressed to us at Edgefield Court House,S. C. will be prompt ly attended to, and delivered to the Merchant's door, any distance under one hundred and fifty miles. Chaideston merchants can have their ware delivered at the depot, in Aiken, at 121 :ents per gallon. MATHS & RHODE. April 1, 1840 tf 9 The Charleston Cour. will publish 3 times, weekly, and forward account to this Office. Concord Academy. T HE Subscribers announce to the Public, that the above Academy will be opened )n the second Morday in April next, under the immediate superintendance of Mr. JoHN KNox. t is decuied unnecessary to say any thing, svith regard to Mr. Knox's qualifications, as he ins been long known as an experienced and iuceessful Teacher. Hundreds, we doubt not, re now enjoying the benefits derived from his nstruction. The Academy is situated in a healthy section f country, near Leesville, Lexington District. 3. C. Boarding can be had in families, con renient to the Academy, on reasonable terms. rhe Rates of Tuition will be as follows, viz leading, Writing, and Arithmetic, pr7 ug lish Grammar and Geograghy, 5 00 .atmn and Greek Languaes. 7 60 L'ne Tneory ana rractice o0lurveying, 1; UU ABRAHAM JONES, MICHAEL BARR, AMOS BANKS, E. H. NORRISS, HI. H. SPAN N, . March 2,1840 F EOT ICE! HOT ICEU! WOULD inform my friends and the pub. lie, that I have added the HARD WARE rrade to my Tin and Sheet Ion Ware Manufac. arl, and will be pleased-to supply those wish ng articles of Hard Ware. Also, just received Two Thousand pounds Goshen Butter and Cheese, afirtrate article. Also, For Sale a good Span of Northern HORSES; sold for no fault, having no use for hem: they are five years old, only. All the tbovefor sale low for cash, to suit the times. N. B. Jobbing, Roofing, and Guttering promptly attended to, as usual. Now, please call and see, Your humble servant, A. B. C. A. B. CHURCH. Hamburg S. C., March19, 1840. d 8 Tax Collector's Notice. WILL attend at the following placesto col lect TAxes, for the year 10 viz: Dn Saturday April the 4th at Powels, Monday, 6, " Hatcher's Pond, " Tuesday, 7, " Ridge, "Wednesday, 8, " Willams' "Thursday, 9, " Mt. Willing, "Friday, 10, " Perry's, "Saturday i1, " B. Richardsons, "Monday, 13, " Churchill's, "Tuesday, .14, " D. Richardson's. "Wednesday 15, " Aliens. "Thursday, i6, " Smyley's "Friday, 17, " Dunton's, "Saturday, 18, " Sheppard's, 4Monday, 20, . " Moseley's, "Tuesday, 21, " Liberty Hill, " Wednesday22. " Tucker's. "Thursday, 2, ' " Collier's. "Friday, 24, " C. Ponds. SSaturday, 25, " B. Island, "Monday. 27, " Hamburg, and on Monday, May the 4th,at Edgetield C.H. After which time my books will be closed for th present year. By an order from the Comptroller General, no money will be received for Taxes but specie, or the notes of specie paying Banks of this St ate. By an Act of the Legislature, those returning Real Estate will be re luired, in addition to the quality, to give n on oath the actual value of their land. B. F. GOUEDY, r. c. z. n. Hamburg, March 25, 1840 c 8 Wo Dealers in Druirse Medicines, &c. 1 H E Subscribers having recently purchased the Stock of DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS, GLA SS-WARE,&c. of the lstate of James Leverich, deceased, take this ethod of informing their friends and the mblic generally, that they have on hand and ire constantly receiving fresh supplies of all rticles usually keptin their line of businers, hich they wall dispose ofon reasonable terms. All orders addressed to them will meet with >rompt attention, and executed with neatness ad dispatch P. 8 Purchasers are particularly requested o call and Examine our Stock and Prices be re purchasing else where. SAMUEL D. CLARK, &Co. Hamburg March 25,1840 8 2m The Greenville Mountaineer and Pendleton iessenger will publish the above one month .i ...d forard their aerannts to this onie ]MiscellaneOUS. Extaofta leUertohe Editorofthe Grunville Moutainaer. CoKtzsauiy, S. C. March 25, Dear Sir:-We have lately had a very e-racious revival of religion at this place. I two days meeting was appointed, at the close of w hich a more than usual anxiety was manifested by the congregation about the salvation of their souls. This omen for good was observed by the clergyman present, which induced them to continue the meeting. It commenced on Saturday the 4th inst. and was protracted from day to day, with increased interest, until Sun day the 22d, during which time many souls were happily converted to God, and between twenty-five and thirty united themselves with the Church at this place. The revival has been chiefly confined to the Students of the Male and Female Schools, many of whom. but a few days ago, where running the giddy rounds of carnal pleasures, are now entirely changed into the humble fellowers of the meek and lowly Jesus, and are seen rejoicing in God their Saviour. The Faculty, seeiug the uncommon religious excitement which pervaded the minds of the Students, was induced to suspend the operations of both schools, in order that all might became solely engaged in the service of the Lord. The hoary headed sire and the little boy of 8 years old were seen bowing together at the altar of prayer, and with united voices calling upon God to pardon their sins. The scene in every respect was grand and imposing, and the services of almost every day wero blessed with the shouts of new born souls. The ministers of the gospel seemed to be clothed in the spirit of their calling, and ceased not by day or by night to point the mourning soul to the Lambof God that taketh away the sin of the world ; not failing to declare to the congregation, that increased daily in interest and numbers, the whole coun elof God. The backslider and lukewarm professor have been reclaimed and made to renew their vows of fidelity to the ser vice of their merciful High Priest. There are tnany mourning souls, who have not as yet found God precious to their souls, but who manifest a disposition to wrestle in prayer until they recieve the blessing. It is devoutly to be hoped that the gracious work will continuo.tilL th wholae Yillarn sball be matde to bow at the foot 0f sove reign mercy. From L chartesion Observer. Tu GOOD STWa.-Every Chris tian should endeavor to prove himself a good and faithful Steward-remembering that to "dispense abroad and give to the poor" was prophetically characteristic of the Saviour, and that so it should be of all who profess to take him as their exem plar. Now many a man who cannot preach the Guspel in person, can preach it by proxy. At a trifling expense he can enable Doddridge, and Baxter, and Bun yan, and other Holy men among the dead and the living, to publish the Gospel of peace. Some are doing it with great ef fect; and it is doubtful whether any gifts turn to so valuable an account as those, which in this way have an immediate ref erence to "Heavenly riches and righteous ness." We highly commend that liberali ty which is manifested in giving such works to families who are unable to pur chase them, and in sending them as pres enms even to strangers as well as to relatives and friends. Premature Death.-Dr. Crichton, phy sician to the Grand Duke Nicholas, broth er of the. Emperor of Russia, relates that a young girl, in the service of the Princess of --, who had for some time kept her bed with a nervous affection, at length to all appearance was deprived of life. Her face had all the character of death, her body was perfectly cold, and every other symptom of death was manifested. She was -emoved into another room and placed in a coffin. On the day fixed for her fu neral, hymns, according to the custom of the country, were sung before the door, but at the very moment when they were going to nail down..the coffin a perspira tion was seen on her skin,.,and in a few minutes it was succeeded by a convulsive motion in the hands and feet. In a few moments she opened her mouth, and ut tered a piercing scream. The faculty were instantly cal led in, and in the space of a few days, her health was re-established. The account which she gave of her situa tion, is extremely curious. Site said that she was sensible' to every thing that was passing around her: and distinctly heard her friends bewailing her death: she felt them envelope her in the shroud, and place her in the cofina. The sensation gave her etreme agony, and she attempted to speak, hut her soul was unable to act upon her body. She describes her sensations as very contradictory, as if she was and was not in her body at one at the same time. She attempted in vain to move her arms, to open her eyes, or to speak. The ago ny of her mind was at its height when she heard the funeral hymn, and found that they were about to nail down the coffin. The horror of being bnried alive gave a new impulse to her mind, which resumed its power over its corporeal organization, and produced the elects which excited the notice of those who were about to con vy her to a premature grave.-European Magazine. _____ A Fortunatc Editor.-We sec it stated that the editor of the Kent Md. Bugle has become the hei to n n3OnOO COL. CROCKIT ALIVE. The following letter which appeared in an extra of the Austin Gazete of a late date, we copy from the New Orleans Bul letin. T'he story certainly partakes large. ly ofthe.marvellous, and will require strong proof t give it credence, though we con fess it hparu the impress of truth: Comaoo, TAMAULIPAS, ( February 6, 1840. 3 T e a torof e Austin Gazeue. Sca--I was formerly a citizen of the United'States, and have been living in Mexibo for 17 years. My business in this country is such, and has been, as to re quire me to travel from place to place. I was nbt iong since at a mining district in Mexico, in the neighborhood of Gnadeleje ra; and while there, a Mexican came to me and said that there was a man from Tex as workjng in Salinus' mine, who had re quested 'of him to ask the first American he saw,, to come and see him, as he wish ed to send some word to a family he had left in the State of Tennessee. To enter a mine in Mexico you have to obtain per mission from the worker or owner, and he sends with.you the overseer, who is order ed to keep strict watch that you take out of the nines no ores or valuables. I went to the ownet, and obtaining per mission went with the overseer, and was taken to that passage or the mine where the convicts are place to work. There were soipe 20 or 25 at work, and amongst them I recognised the manly form of one of my countrymen, who, the owner told me, wasone of the prisoners brought on by aL part of Filisola's division when be retreated from Texas. The American upon seeing me, stepped forward grasping me by the hand, "Well, stranger, you are the first American I have seen in this damned country; and don't think I would have seen you, ir I had not made a friend of these devils that oversee the mine." "My unfortunate frien '," I replied, "I have been made aware of the circumstan ces that placed you here, and they are such as to debar me from rendering you any assistance you may wish." "I know that;" he returned, "so let us go about it my name is David Crockett-[ am from Tennessee, and have a family there-they think I am dead, and so does every one else; but they are mistaken. I should have written to them, as the overseer told afetter for me; that was the reason I per suaded the overseer to look an American for me; and thanks be to God, I have got one at last." He related to me the particulars of his having been taken at Fort Alamo, at Bex ar, and sent, together with two other men, to Loredo; from which place they had been removed, with a part of the army that moved to Moterrey-and when the troops marched from Menterrey to lexico, they were sent to Guadelejera, and, placed in a mine by the Alcalde, at which place they had been ever since. He wrote, by me, a letter, he sent to his wife and children in Tennessee, which I sent from Matamoras, with directions to mail it in New Orleans retaining in my possesion a copy thereof, for fear, by some mischance, it should miscarry. To Lint. Col. D. L. Wood, with whom I met in Laredo, I gave another copy, which he promised me to publish; but I have since heard he did not get in safe, which is the reason I write you by a Mexican, going from here to Bastorp and Austin. I have directed him to give it to any American he saw in either place, who would know where to send it. In great haste, I am, Your humble servani, WM. C. WHITE. THE 1NDIARs AT WoRK.-There would seem to be no end to the incursions and depredatioas of our savage foe. Let the trpops start a scout in 3Middle-Florida, and the enemy. at one takes foot for the west, and with a quickness alnmost illusory,they are scalping ad butchering on the banks of ther 4palachicola. Anon, they return to. the v~r etrong holds of our army, and invade the sanctuary of the camp and tent' Our latest intelligence is, that a train of Government wagons, consisting of six was captured by 12 Indians, between Fortstiscomb and Barker,a few days ago, and one sergeant mortally wounded. A sergeant was fired on near Fort Pleasant in the neighborhood of Col. Davenport's camp, and escaped barely with his life; and also that an Indian camp had been discoveted within about four miles of Col. Robert Gamble's residence, where they had lefttheir fires burning, and appearan es which indicated that some four or five cattle had been slaughtered. These dep redationm have all been committed in the immediate vicinity of where the troops are most thickly stationed--in that portion of country which is considered as most soe curely guarded ! How are these vagabonds to be whipped and snbdued? We ask for information.-Tallahassee Star. The. Hard Cider Candidate.-A H ar risonian visited our city the other day, and understanding that hard cider was the fa vorite beverage of~en. Win. Henry H ar rison, called at an obscure doggery, and asked, if he could get a drink of the ami able liguo'r. Our host of the doggery had a barrel on hand, with a cruel vinegar as pect, and consequently handed himn o~ut a quart, the qarity asked for. The Har-. risonian turned itof, with the satme rapidity and nonchalance that a Frenchman won~ld ecant a bottle of Claret-but it was no sooner down, than the face of our friend of he hard ieirrr nmeem,c wa aeen to un dergo such a variety of feature that it would have been impossible for Lavater himself to have told to what class of animals he belonged. He tried to bite the cider offi but it was too hard. His face then assu med an agony of expression-he set his teeth, and darting for the door, rushed into th streets, squaling like a pig overdrenched with the concentrated acid of sour butter milk,-Macon (Ga.) Telegraph. The Queen of England is married-Vic toria has conquered a heart and won a hus band-and our belles may again occupy the disenthralled hearts of our beaux, half or whom had bowed to the rosy sway and distant sceptre of the maiden Queen. The name of Victuria will henceforth cease to possess its wonted charm, (unless it be with the gratified frequenters of that excellent now establishment, the Vic toria Hotel)-we will no longer hear of Victoria shawls, Victoria veils, Vic:oria hats, Victoria shoes, and such other things "of leather and prunella;" but the Victoria Range will herealier dispense its fancy articles, by some other name- for "a rose by any other name will smell as sweet," and perhaps will sell as well. We fear too, that the charm is broken, even in her own native dominion-the married owns riot the spell of the maiden Queen. The bigot Mary, the feeble Anne, and that non-entity, the seccond Mary, wife of him of Orange, where without popularity, al thought with husbands-marriage was the poisoned chalice to the lovely and ill fated Queen of Scots-while Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen of England. with all her cruelties and vices, reigned Queen of hearts as well as Queen of men, in her mighty realm. But let the cat jump as it may, Prince Albert is a lucky and, we trust, a happy fellow. He is the husband of a youthful Queen-olo monarch of one of the proudest, mightiest and most enligh tened kingdoms in the world-and whatev er may have been his stature or height before, his enamoured bride has dubbed him "Royal Highness," and made him, in cant phrase, a taller man than ever. He was her "Knightof the Garter" before "Honi soit qui nal y pense" and now lie is her Royal consort, without a care to rutile the smoothness of his brow, or check the flood tide of his felicity. May Heaven smile auspiciously on their union-render it a blessing to our mother gland's happiest pair, Darby and Joan, of the olden time-so happy indeed, that, in due season, they may claim and be rewar ded with the Oitch.-Charleston Courier. A Bill to regulate the Banks has been agreed upon by the Committee of Confer ence of the two Houses of the Pennsylva nia Legislature. It consistsof36 iections. It provides for a resumption the 1st of Oct. next; for the appointment of Bank Com missioners to inspect and if need be, to wind up the Banks; abolishes the vote by proxy; provides that after the resumption every Bank shall recieve at par the notes ofevery specie paying bank in the State; prohibits post notes, &c. &c. These are the most important features of the bill, but we have little expectation that it will pass. The Pennsylvania Legislature has aimed at too much, and her councils are now completely destracted,in consequence. Charleston Courier. Mr. Calhoun's Speech.-We have read, with unmingled pleasure and admiration, the recent speech of Mr. Calhoun, on the question of the assumption of State Debts by the General Government. if there could be placed an additional wreath in Mr. Calhoun's chaplet of rcuown as a statesman, thisspeech has loneit. Clear, forcible, and eloquent, it irresistibly carries conviction to all unprejudiced minds, of the correctness of the grounds assumed by thae orator. As a rare treat to our readers, we intend to publish this speech in our next paper.--Western Carolinian. The opinion of Maine.-The Legisla ture of Maine have adopted a series of resolutions respecting the boundary ques tion, Otto of which is as follows: Resolved, That unless the British Gov ernment, during the present session of Congress, make or accept a distinct and satisfactory proposition for immediate ad justment of the boundary question, it will be the duty of the General Government to take military possession of the disputed territory ; and in the name of a sovereign State, we will call upon the national gov ernment to fulfil its constitutional obliga tions, to establish the line wvhich it has solemnly declared to be the true bounda ry, and to protect this State in extending her jurisdiction to the utmost limits of our territory. An Aged Matron of the Revolution. The widow of the Brigadier General yohn Patterson, late of the State of New York, and a Federal officer of the Massachusetts Continental line, is now living at Ogden, N. Y. One of her grand eons, at the North, writing to nnother in this city,says: "I have returned from paying a visit to our grand mother, who is near one hun dred years old, and found her as sprightly as yen are, and in perfect health. She is the oldest female in. this State, and a mongst the last of our revolutionary me thers."J-Charledton Coutr. Tav WA-.QUE5.o.-A getloman of high intejlligene just from Washington, informs us that there-is less talk and less apprehiension of war, in Washington, than in Charleston.--Char. Cour. SPEECH OF MR. CALHOUN, OF SOUTH cAaOLINA; In the Senate of the United States, March 13, the following resolutions, Sub! mitted by Mr. Calhoun on the 4th of tle same month were taken up: Resolvcd, That a ship or vessel on. high seas, in time of peace, engaged in a lawful voyage, is, according to the lawsof nations, under the exclusive jurisdi'ioi of the State to which her flaig belongs, as if constituting a part of its own domain. -- Resolved, That if such ship or - vessel should be forced. by stress -of weather 'or other unavoidable cause, into the port-of a friendly power, she would, under the same laws, lose none of the rights appertaining to her on the high seas, but, on the on trary, she and her cargo; and persons oi board, with their personal relations, an established by the laws of the State to which they belong, would be under th, protection which the laws of natione era tended to the unfortunate under such cir cumstances. Resolved, That the brig Enterprz6 which was forced unavoidably by stres, of weather into Port Hamilton, Bermuda Island, while on a lawful voyage on - the' high seas from one part of the Union to another comes within the priciples embra' ced in the foregoing resolutions; and that the seizure and detention of the negroes' on board by the local authorities of the island was an act in violation-of the laws of nations, and highly unjust to our citi zens to whom they belong. The rebolutions having been read, Mr. CALHOUN said: The case refer red to in these resolutions is one of:thei three which has been for so long a period' a subject of negotiation betweed our Gov; ernment and that of Great Briain, without. however, receiving the attention which, in my opinion, is due to the importance' 6 the principle involved. The other- two' were these of the Comet and Encomium; Tn order to have a clear understanding - of the bearing of these resolutions, and - the principles they embrace, it will be neces' dary to give a brief nurrative of each:;of these cases. - -- The Comet is the first in order of time. She sailed from this District in the latter part of the year 1830, destined- for N'ew' Orleans, having, among other thing, it, number of negroes on board. Her papers were regular, and the voyage in all- r 4,..email@example.com-- 8hs-wstraued-didg of the false keys of the Bahama island, op posite to the coast of Florida, and-almot in sight of our own shores. - The persons on board, including the negroes,were takbra by the wreckers, against the remonsirae of the captain and owners, into Nasse New Providence, where the negroes wire forcibly seized and detained by the local authorities. The owners of the negroes, after apply ing in vain to the local authorities for their surrender, made applicatian to the- Gov ernment for redress of injury; and the :re sult, after ten years' negotiation, is, that the British Government has agreed to conm pensate the owners of the Comet and Ein comium, on the ground that these cases occurred before the act for the abolitton o' in her colonies had gone into operation and refused compensation in the came 'of the Enterprise because it occurred-' after wards. Such are the material facts drawn from the correspondence itself, and admitted-in the course of the negotiation. What I propose, in the first place, is to show that the principle, on which compensation was allowed in the cases of the Comet and Encomium, embraces also that of the Ea terprise; that no discrimination whatever can be made between thent; and that in attempting to make a discrimination the British Minister has assumed tho very point in controversy, or, to express it 's tmore familiar language, has begged 'the question. I shall rest my argument exclu sively on the admissions necessarilj invol ved in the two cases, without looking to any other authority. They will be found, if I do not greatly mistake, ample of them solves for my pturpose. What, then, is the principle necessarily involved, in showing compensation in those eases? It will not be necessary to show that the allowance was not a mere act of gratuity to our citizens. No one will sna.a pect that. It was, on the contrary, relue, tantly yielded, after years of ntegotiation, only on the conviction that the rights of our citizens in the negroes could no longer.' be disputed, and, of course, the injustice ofs their seizure and detention. This brings me to a question of vital importance id this discussion, to which [ must ask th'e. Senate to give me its fixed attention; and that is, on what did this right of' our citi zens to the negroes rest ? Not certaily on the British laws, either expressed .oox implied. So far otherwise, they expressly prohibited, in the broadest and most un qualified terms, persons from being brought in, or retained as slaves, under heavy pen alty and forfeiture of property; declared the persons-off'ending to be felons and sub, jected them to be transported beyond sea, or to be confined and kept at hard labor for a term ofyears.* But one answer can be given to the question; that it rested on the laws of their own country. It was only by them they could possibly have a right to. the negroes. And here ive mest tfas vital qtuestion-how is it that a right ret. ing .op our laws should b..valid 'and respected within the limicsof the Britdsh domiston, against the express prohibhio - of na act of Parliametat ? *See act toaaed and consolidate the laws relating to the abolition of the slave trae, tit se. 4 e. p. 1 3J 4' '. Evin's Statutes.