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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Llberflevy OWt If it kust fall, we will Perish amidst the BuihM.
VOLUME V. f oRt 018B, - ., , NO. 16. EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER, BY W. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR. TERM S. Three Dollars per annum, if paid in advance-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents if not paid before the expiration of Six Months from the date of- Subscription and Four Dollars if not paid within twelve Months. Subscribers out of the State are required to pay in advance. No subscription received for less than one year, and no paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid. except at the op tion of the Publisher. All-subscriptions will be continued un less otherwise ordered before the expira tion of the year. Any person procuring five Subscribers and becoming responsible for the same, shall receive the sixth copy gratis. Adertisements conspicuously inserted at 62J cents per square, (12 lines, or lese,) for the first insertion, and 431 ets. for each continuance. Those published monthly. or quarterly will be charged $1 per square for each insertion. Advertisements not having the number of insertions marked on them, will be continued until ordered out, and charged accordingly. . All communications addressed to the Editor, post paid, will be promptly and strictly attended to. Fashionable Summer Goods. BRYAN 4 MINOR, eMERCHJAT TeILORS, AVE just received a general assortment iof Goods for Gentlemens ware, or the latest and most fashionable style. Consisting in part of Lndon Cashmere, French and Thibet Cloths. French Bombazin Gambroons. Honey Comb, Striped, and Ribbed Linen Drillings, for Pantaloons. London Weltings, Challies, Plain and Fig'd Satin Vestinga. A7complete assortment of GLOVES, HOSIERY, STOCKS, CRAVATS, SHIRTS, CgrLARS and Bosoms. Also,agood assortment of FASHIONABLE HATS. With many other articles, too tedious to men tion. To which'they invite their customers, and the public generally. to call and examine, before purchasing elsewhere. Edgefield C. H., April 6, 1840. d 10. To Merchants, Physicians, Plan ers, and the Public in general. T HE Subscribers are -now receiving, in addition to their former Stock, large sup plies of DRUGS. *c. &c , making their as Portment the most complete ever before offered for sale in this market. To which they would call the attention or the Physicians, Merchants, Planters, and all those who wish to purchase anything in their line. Among the many arti cles of which their Stock is composed, are the following, viz: OILS.-Sperm or Lamp Oil, of different qualities, Linseed or Paint do., Train or Tan ner's do., Neat's foot do., Castor do.. Sweet do. PAINTS, VARNISHES, &c.-White Lead, of different brands and qualities, ground in oil, and in kegs of 2001b, 1001b, 501b, and251beach. Dry White Lead, Chrome Green, Chrome Yel low, Chrome Red, (a beautiful article and a substitute for Vermillion, at a much less price,) Yellow Ochre, Stone Ochre, Red Lead, Lith arge, Lampblack, Verdigris, dry and ground in oil, also Blue, Green, Yellow, Black, and Paints of all colors, ready mixed for use, Spirits Tur pentine, Copal Varnish, 1st and 2nd qualities, Japan Varnish, Black or Leather do. BRUSHES-Paint Brushes, of all sizes, Cloth do. (something new and superior,) Hair do. do., Tooth, Furniture, Flesh, Nail, White Wash, Blacking, Horse, (something fine,) Tan ners, Counter or Dusting, Crumb, Hearth, Shaving, (a very fine article,) Comb, Sweep ing. Scrubbing, and Painters Dusting Brushes, together with a variety of other Brushes used by Painters and others, not herein mentioned. D YE STUFFS-Among which are Spanish Float Indigo, Carolina do.. Madder, Copperas, Logwood, Brazil-wood, Nicwood, Camwood,., Annatto, &c. &c. MEDICINES.-Among the many of which are the following, viz: Sulphate Qumnine, Sul phate Morphine, Acetate Morphine, Piperine, Strychnine, Iodine, Elaterium, Hydriodate Pot ash, Kreosote, &c. &c. PATENT MEDICINES--Among which are the following, viz: Houck's Panacea, In dian do., Swaim's do., Smith's Anti Mercurial Syrup, or Swaim's conqueror, the Hygean Syrup, Spohn's cure for aick Head Ache, Green's Tonic Mixture, (a cure for Fever and Age.) Also Peter's Pills, Beckwith's do., Spann's do., Cook's do., Lee's do. Evan's do., &.c.-together with a general assortment of the snost popular nostrums of the day. ALso,. A full assortment of Perfumery and Soaps, of the finest qualities. ALso, An assortment of Glass Warefor Physicians' and.Confectioner's use; such as Specie Jars, and Tincture Bottles of different sizes, Gradu ated Measures and Funnels. ALSO, Windo'w Glass of various sizes, from 6 by 8, to2O by 30, all of which they will sell on favora ble terms -- . R. COOK & Co. Hamburg; Oct 3, 1839 t3 'State of South Carolina. EDGEFIELD DISTRICT. T OLIED before me, by Jacob Green of Ssaid District, an esta horse, of the fol lowing' 'desctiption, viz: ight colored bay, a bout thirteen hands high, three years old, a starin his forehead, both hind feet white, a scar on hirsiose below his right eye, with slight marks ofgear. A ppraised by John McManess, Drury Phenix, and James Falkner, Sen., to be worth forty dollars. JOHN QUATTLEBUM. J. P. Sleepy Creek, A pril 27, 1840. 14 im4m Multi .Bole Cotton Seed. T HE above Seed can be had at the Store of G. L.&E. PENN & Co. i'n good terms. Warranted genuine. ~March i 1840 t WIisceflaneous.. From the Charleston Mercury. STATE RIGHTS DEMOCRAIC MEET ING. At a very large and respectable meeting of the Democratic party of Charleston, held at the City Hall yesterday evening the 7th inst., His Honor the Mayor, was called to the Chair. The Meeting being organized. It was moved by Col. Memminger that aCom mittee of twenty five :te appointed to prepare an Address, Thereuoon, the following gentlemen were appointed by the Chair. C. G. MEMMINGER, Esq. Hon. HENRY DEAS, Hon. F. H. ELMORE, Hon. JACOB AXON, KER BOYCE, Esq. Hon. J. S. RH ETT, HENRY GOURDIN, Ept. lion. D. E. HUGER, Maj. WM. LAVAL, JAMES LEGARE,.Esq. Gen. E. H. EDWARDS, JNO. MAGRARH, Esq. THOS. D. CONDY, Esq. Col. JAMES LYNAH. Hon. J. S. ASHE, ROBT. WOTHERSPOON, Esq. THOMAS LEHRE, Esq. JNO. LUCAS. Esq. Dr. JOHN DUNNOVANT, JOHN STROH ECKER, Esq. Col. JOHN SCHNIERLE, GEO, GIBBON, Esq. EDWARD CAREW, Esq. The Committee having retired to prepare the Address, His Hon. the Mayor was loudly called for by the Meeting, and he responded to the call in an eloquent manner. Mr. Memminger, in behalf of the Committee, presented the following ADDRESS. Fdlow Citizens: We are again summond forth, to defend the great principles of constitutional right, upon which depend the liberties and existence of the South. Hitherto, the struggle betwen the par ties, which for several years past have divided the Union, has been one for place and power; in which South Carolina did not condescend to mingle. Her position, as the champion of State Rights, had become one of dignified neu trality; andshe chose not to soil herermine. Inj a contest which involved no principle, to which she was pledged. The prominent candidates for the Presidency, possessed not her confi dence; and although one of them had avowed a perference for the principles of the South, and thereby had secured the favor of some of our people; yet the State at large,'preferred to stand aloof from the contest, until time should test the sincerity of profession. That test has now been applied, and the principles of action, which govern parties, now stand open to the observation of the world. In the heat ofa long continued canvass,they have each been brought to state their true position, and to range them selves under leaders, whose principles cannot be mistaken. A combination has been formed, embracing all those materials, which have so often threatened the peace and security of the Union, and is now advancing in full career, to invade the Rights of the South. An open war has been declared against the present Administration, because it has dared to stand up in defence of the Democratic princi pies of the Constitution. The partizans of Abolition, of the Tariff, of Banks, and Con solidation in all its varied forms have made common cause. Denouncing the President as "the Northern man with Southern principles," they thereby avow the ground work of their hostility; and so earnestly and zealously do they seize upon and pervent to their own purposes, every element of strife, that it has now become ite duty of every friend of his country, to re sist their farther advances. Now, that the bat tIe is waxing warmest, and real danger threat. ens, it is not in the generous nature of South Carolina to decline the combat. Wherever her friends and principles encounter danger, there, will ever be four-d her standard, advan cing to the rescue. It cannot be disguised, that the great principles which nw divide parties in the Uni on, are precisely those, which have been ever the sub et of controversy since the foundation of the Governments. There has always been found a party striving to ride over the Democ racy, and under one pretext or another it is found in our country attempting -to secure to its votaries the whole power and advantages of the Federal Government. Finding them. selves hemmed in by the wisdom of the Con stitution, they have resorted to the device of constructive powers, and seekc thereby to sub. stitute the will of a majority, for the Magna Charta of our Liberties. The people of our State, in common with their Brethren of the South, have evei held, that submission to such a doctrine, is virtually a surrender of the very Citadel of our Liberties.' It is in fact a repeal of the Constitution itself, in this opinion were fully agreed both the great parties which lately agitated our State. Their only dif'erence was concerning the remedy against and infringe ment of tbeir rights. That difference has been adjusted by events; and we now agein stand where all originally stood, making common altar in the great ciause of our Country: All save that nitmeless cohort wvhich gave uncer tain support to the Administration while it was strongest; h~ut which true to its own preference for Tariff, Banks and consolidation, now aban dons its allies when assailed, and has made kniown its secession from the great State Rights and Uaion party of the South, by hoisting in our city the self same banner, tunder which the Ablitionists is marching to invade us. Under these circumstances and believing as we firmly do, thatfor the South the period has arrived, when every free patriot is bound to take his post, we but owe it to ourselves and the country, to declare the gronds upon which we range ourselves with the friendiof Ad minis tration. 1. It cannot be concealed, that the fixed de termination, with which the President has car ried out his inaugural declaration against the schemes of the Ablitioniists, has concentrated against him the malace of that faction. In every State where these incendiaries can col lect the least force, it is found invariably rear shalled against the administration; and it is now become obvious that the defeat of the adminis. tration is regarded by them as a triumph of their prir ciplcs. So close is the itimacy he. tween the opposition and thc Abolitionists that even in the Halls of Congress, when the clear est and universally acknowledged rights of the South are under discussion, the public servants of the country are found silently desertin their posts to avoid a declaration of undoubted right, which might offend their Abolition Contwe rates. Nay I So powerful seems the Influence of this alliance, and so closely does it appear in terwoven with hostility to Southern Institu dons, that upon a questiori of vital importance to the South, one of our own Senators is mis sing from his place, and one half the constitu tional voice of the State is lost to her support. Contrast such results with the brave and gen erous support of the Administration? Dsdain: ing personal consideration, and regardless of the clamor of the Abolitionists, they gathered around the distinguished champion ofourrights and by their un inching countenance and sup port enabled him to establish a proposition es sential to the defence and security of our Insti tations. In the other Hall of Congress, the same line of policy characterised each of the contending parties. It needs but a mere perusal of the Journals to establish beyond a doubt, that every measure which has checked the advance of Ab olition owes its chief support, and its success, to friends of the Administration, while those propositions which evince hostility to our In stitutions, always originate and are sustained mo the opposite party. The very fact (whic e opposition are compelled to admit) thartheir candidate for the Presidency has de .lared his opinion that the Revenues of the Federal Government can be constitutionally, and ought to be applied to the emancipation of Slaves, is altogether conclusive, Itproves that if he be elected President, the Constitution is no longer the guaranty of our property-but we hold it under the most degrading and uncer ain of all tenures-the will of a majority, and hat majority with interests varied from, and ven hostile to our own. 2. The next great leading measure upon vhich we feel bound to make common cause vith the Administration, is its opposition to a Bank of the United States. We take it as es ablished beyond a doubt, that the people of South Carolina have made up their final judg. vent against such an institution. They regard t is both dangerous and unconstitutional; as tbandoning all the ground which has been rained againstimplied powers; and asyielding ip our rights, political and commercial, to the mnlimited control ofthe section in which such a 3ank would be located. The dangers to a Iepublic with which such an institution is 'aught, and its disastrous influence over the ommerce and agriculture of the country, have iow become matter of history, and it can be mnly those who prefer the quietude of despot sm, who would now unite their efforts with he Opposition party, and propose to the South o surrender itself at discretion to the tender nercies ofa fifty or seventy million Bank. 3. The establishment of a steady and constitu ional currency, is justly considered one of the nost important measures which the Adminis ration has sought to promote. In so laudable ind patriotic a pursuit, we feel bound to yield hem our entire confidence and support: and when we consider the peculiarly untoward con lition of the times, and the array of influence, nterest and predjudice against which they iad to contend, in advancing this great meas ire, we cannot too strongly express our ap probation and encouragement. Every effort ias been used by a vast majortity of the par :izans and debtors of nine hundred Banks scat .ered throughout the Union, with the U. States Bank at their head, to attribute to the Adminis ration evils'which are solely chargeable to the tpeculating mania, which had overrun the :ountry, and the crazy issues and errors of the Banks themselves. But the sober second hought of the people is rapidly applying the corrective; and the second suspension of the Pennsylvania and Southern Banks, contrasted is it is with the condition of those in N. York tand elsewhere, which have notsuspended, has urnished proofof the sound views of the ad ninistration, and evinces to every reflecting nind where the true mischief lies, There can carcely occur any evil of greater magnitude, han to fasten upon a country an irredeemable rapercurrency, It blights the very bud of en erprise, and by subjecting to uncertainty, the neasure of value, operates with as much harsh iess and injustice, as though other standards if value, such as the pound weights and bush d measures of the country were suddenly and !apricionsly to he changed. If it were proposed o our people, that the Bank Directors or any ther set of men, should be allowed to change the wveights and measures of the community, whenever it suited their pleasure, and that con tracts made under the old standard should be axecuted according to thre new, the position would deservedly meet iAth universal scorn - [twould be perceived at once, that the Bank Directors or other regulators, could combine among themselves, and agree upon a day when the standard should be changed, and that after that day two pounds for instance should he melted together acd represent hut one. 0Of course each man in the secret would go forth and secure contracts for thousands of pounds of cotton or any oilher article of value to be delivered at some period beyond the day thus fixed upon for the change. 4. Can any thing he more obvious, than that when the seller is called upon for his contract and is thus compelled to deliver double the quantity he had anticipated, right is inyaded, and the most flagrant injustice has been perpe trated? And yet precisely similar is the result which follows the power to expand and con tract the currency of the country,: a power which the Banks now enjoy throughout the Union, and that too without responsibility to any but their own Stockholders. Is it not ao parent, that an irresponsible power thus toover turn the standards of value; thus to expand or contract the currency; and theteby to enhance or put down the prices of labor and of all com modities, is in fact an arbitrary power over every individual; is a power to increase the rate and expenses of life of every citizen, and to reduce at pleasure the accustomed income of the me chanic, the laborer, and the Agriculturalist? It is against this irresponsible power that the Administration has been contending. It is to ensure steadiness and certainty to the wages of labor, and to the produce and commerce of the country, that the President has so earnestly urged upon the people the necessity of some cheek upon -the Banks. Can any man doubt, that if the Administration instead of opposin~g the reckless speculation of the Western Banks had lent them its countenance or even declined to oppose them, that we should have now been whelmed into a vortext of calamity, far exeeed ing the worst reality we have yet encountered? And will any man after the second suspension the bills of our nearest neighbor.t will any man propose that the Government should make them Depositories of the public money, and present then with a Bonus of from 10 to 16 per cent fbr debasing the currency of the tountry? We take it as the settled polity of South Caro linato fsist any auth fallacy, and as her deter tinned purpose to join with the Administration in reaturitig healthful action to the body politit, 4. We regard the opposition of the Adminis' tration to the system of Internal Improvement by the General Government as furnishing a nother clain to our tounfidente and we feel our selves authorized to call upon the States Rights Part of the whole South to aid thein in extin guishing a system so sectional and corrupting. The people of this State have declared their opinion so often upon this subject, and are so fully satisfied of its soundness that it would be a work of superogation further to discuss the subject. 5. And lastly, we hold ourselves bound to make eotamon cause with the Administration in opposing that profligate parent of Internal Improvement and of wastefil and reckiess ex penditures, Tariff for the protection of Domes tic Manufactures. On this subject South Car, olina has so recently taken her ground in the face of the world that it would be vain again to repeat her solemn declaration. All her sons, with the exception of that fragment which find ing no congeniality with the rest, has unfortu nately strayed into the camp which shelters en emies; all unite in the great cause of Free Trade; all insist that when the the Constitution guarantees freedom to all, none shall be re spected. and the Manufacturer like every other Citizen, should be lelt free to competition, and should not fatten on the spoils of his neighbor. Therefore be it Resolved; 1. That the present Administration of the General Government is entitled to our warm est confidence and support, for the firmness and resolution with which they have sustained the great Democratic principles of the Consti tution, and the rights which are guaranted to the South. 2. Resolved, That the sound and enlighten. ed policy which has been prsued by the Ad ministration to avert the great evils arising from irredeemable Bank paper, and to restore to the country a Constitutional Currency, is founded upon wise consideration of the public good and is entitled to our zealous encouragement and support. 3. Resolved. That the uncompromising and determined stand which has been made by ihe Administration against the schemes of the Abo litionists evinces its sincere and earnest regard for Southern Rights, and entitles the Presi dent to our confidence and su port 4. ResolvedThat in identifying hiinself with principles of pblic licy, so essential to the true poliny of the South, The Hon. Martin Van Buren has entitled himself to its confidence and support, Bui as t-itizens of South Carolina we pledge ourselves tosustain his re-election as President of the United States. 5, Resolved, That the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, our Senator in Congress, is entitled to the hearty confidence and suppoit of his fellow citizens for the ability and zeal with which he has vindicated the principles of the South, and promoted the best interests of this State, and more espetially for the ability and eloquence with which, in his place in the Senate of the United States, unaided and alone, he has re presented the feelings and principles of the Legislature of S. Carolina. After the reading of the Address, Mr. Mem minger, in a very eloquent speech, advocated the claims of the present Administration to the support of this State. Col. F, H, Elmore, then rose and respond ed to the loud and frequent calls made for him. He was followed by the Hon. J. S. Rhett. After some discussion, the Address and Res olutions were seperately ut to the Meeting, and were unanimously ado ted. Upon motion of Robert %Votherspoon, Esq., it was Resolved, That an Executive Committee of thitry be appointed: and the following gentle men were theu named I Exacuyiva COxxITTsE oF T'it.rr ALEX. McDONALD, R. WOTHERSPOON, R. Q. PINCKNEY, 0. L. DOB50ON, ALEX. H. BROWN, M. I. KEITH, - JOHN A. STEWART, C KANAPAUX, W. LAVAL, J. L. NOWEL, GEO. MANSON, T HOS. D. CONDY, J. A. ST. AMAND, FRANCIS L ANCE, . W. A. KING, W. H, WILSON4, W. C. GATE WOOD, H.J3.HARBY, DR. A. G, HOWARD, GEORGE KINLOCH, DR. J. M. RIGHTON, JAS. K. KNIGHT, D. HORLBECK, DR. KECKELY, ROBT. K. PAYNE, THOMIAS RYAN, H ENRY S. TEW, . THOS. CLYDE, WILLIAM JONES. On motion of R. W. Seymour. Esq, it was Resolved, That an Executive Committee to consist of 30 be appointed by the Chairman of this meeting, to reccomnmend such measures-as may from time to time be necessary for the successful mnintenance of the principles we have pledged ourselves to support Resolved, That the Chairman he also re quested at his leisure to nominate a Committee of .Corresponden1ce for the purpose of enforc ing upon the public mind the importance of the principles which now unite us. en motion of H. 3. Harby, Esq.. it was Resolved, That the Executive Committee are hereby reqnested to nominate in each Ward of the City and for the Neck the following Coin mittees of Vigilance, In Ward No. 1-Committee of 100 In Ward No. 2-Committee of 100 In Ward No. 3-Committee of 100 In Ward No. 4-Committee of 100 On the Neck-Committee of 100. The proceedings were ordered to he pub lished and -the meeting adjourned. H. L. PINCKNEY, Chairman. S. IM. WuAr~na, War. D. Poaria. Secretaries. M av Pth. 18-0. We copy to-day, from the Charleston Courier, a balance sheet of 1839, of the Fire' Insurance Company of Hamburg, Germany, that great, ancient city. This is done in order to show that a very near likefiess exists befween that city and our own aspiring town, Its name sake, in A merica. In Hamburg, Germany, there is Water continually flowing through the city, by means of cauals, &c., beside the other beneficial arrangements against fire, which will be seen on reference to this balance sheet. In Hamburg, America, pure, fresh water is continually passing, in reservoirs, through the principal streets, from the abundant and never failing aprings which rise out of the hill, and extend far aro-ind the limits of the town, and only req,.res the closing of the well arranged flood gates, to give a full supply of water a. gainst fire, at any emergency. Indeed, taking the history of the two cities in view, we will find that each is very near alike in many respects. Their Hamburg bor ders on the river Elbe, and our Hamburg on the river Savannah, both never failing streams. If, therefore, their history be so closely connected, should they not be allied to each other in commerce and good feeling ? They are. ' And should not the editors in these two cities, situated in different quar ters of the globe, exchange papers for in formation, although we cannot read Dutch ourselves, yet the Founder of our Ham burg can.-Hamburg Journal. CAMDEN May 2nd, The Robbers Again.-On Wednesday nighs last, or rather on Thursday morning, about four o'clock, an unsuccesful attempt was mado to force the brick fire proof safe to Messrs. C. & F. Matheson, attached of their counting room. One of the young men who sleep in the store was aroused by the noise of the villians, and on making his appearance at the door, they fled to wards the back lot; he then returned, put Dn his cloak and took a pistol with him; on reaching the back lot, he discovered two persons whom lie took to be negroes secreted in a corner formed by the fence and the back store. They immediately Red on his approach, when he fired on them, but with what efrect, if any, is not known. One of them appeared to be a tall fellow dessed in a round jacket. Joarnal. A neto Kind of Light.-A store has lately been opened at No. 110 Walnut street, for the sale of Webb's patent cam phine oil and lamps adapted to burn it in. From the brilliancy ofibe lights made use of in the store, one would suppose the ar ticle well calculated for 1ts purposes. We, are told that the lights produced by this manufactured oil, are more economical than either the common lamip oil or gis in addition to which is more pleasant on account of its neatness, the flame not even soiling the wick of the lamp, and emiting no smoke. A numberof our citizens have already tried it, and if it protve truly as re presented, of which we have no reason lo doubt it, it is an invenion of impot tance ro the public and one which will secure a rortune to the patentee.-Phil. Ledger. Pride of a Cot.-A porrespondent in rorms that, while on a visit at the country house ora lady, it one day happened that they passed the cow housejust at the time. when the dairy maid was drivihg home the cows to be milked. They all passed in quietly enough, with the exception or one, which stood lowing at the door, and resisted every effort of the deiry maid to itiduce her to enter. When the maid was interrogated as to the cause of this obstina cy, she attributed it to prIde; and, when surprise was expresed at this, shte explain ed that'wheh any other of the cows hap pened to get in before hear, this particular cow would seem quite affronted, and would not enter at all, unless the others were turned out again, and she had an opportunity of walking in before them. This statement having excited curiosity, and a wish to ascertain its accuracy, the mnaid was desired to redouble her exertions to induce the cow to enter ; on which she chased the animal through every corner iof the yard, hut without success, until she at last desisted from wtant of breath, de claring that there was no other .remedy than to turn out the cows. She was then permited to make the experiment ; and no sooner were the others driven out thatn in w alked the gratified cow, with'a stately air, her more humble minded companions following meekly in her train.-Penny Magazine. Labour Sating Soap.-T2he fidlowing is a recipe for making the labour-saving soap, (so called,) whieh is an excellent ar ticle for washing, and a sating of labour. The recipes for making have heen sold at from $5 to $10. and the soap seven cents per pound: buit can be manufactured fot about two cents. .Take two pounds sal soda, two pounds of yellow bar soap, and ten quarts of water; cut the snap in thir: slices and boil all together two hours, thes straini it through a cloth ; let it cool, and It is fit for nse. Direction (or using the soap :-Put the clothes in soak the nigh before you wash, and to every pail o water in which you wash, tnd to every pail of water in which you boil them, ads one pound of soap.. They will need ni rubbing; merely rinse them out, and the1 will be perfectly clean and whbite. Tt is estimated that 50,000 ernigrant *Il reach America from F.urope, this year ~,000 Irishmen will embark from Lime rick1 ir. Mny The Court of General Sessiblis. add Common Pleas convened in this cityl yes terday, Judge O'Neall, presiding. His Holior, on the organization of the Court, delivered an eloquent charge to the Grand Jury, in relation to the indictments for criminal olfences to be laid before them; and in relation to their duties as the grand inquest of the district, charged with the care of the public police and morals. and with the supervision of the public buildings of the district, and the conduct of district officers; and he took occasidn to enlarge most impressively on the tem peratice cause, and the evils of the system of retailing spirituous liquors, as a means of dehauching and corrupting the people generally, and especially our slave popu lation.-Charleston Courier, May 6 A Prominent Cause of the Depression of the Price of Cotton.-It will be recollec. ted by those who read for the pursose of storing ibeir minds with facts, that in the year 1837. Humphrey and Biddle, the Liverpool agents ofthe Bank of the United States, issued a circular, proposing to ad vance on cotton at the value of 14 cents per pound. This arrangement of the Bank agents bad the effect of concentra ting in their hands a heavy amount of cot ton in the hands of the agent of the Bank, upon which a certain price was demanded. This was the object avowed in the circu lar, to prevent the depression of the price of cotton, acd to compel the manufatur ers in England to buy at that price. Iustead of producing the effiect intended, it had the effectof producing a combina tion among the manufacturers at Manches ter, to buy sparingly, thereby preventing the consumption of the usual quantity. The consequence was, when the new crop came to marker, the greater part of the previous crop wad on hand. in the hands of the agents of the Bank of the United States. The new crop being immensely larger, added to the large amount already on hand, glutted the market, and as the value of any commodity depends on the relative amount of supply and demand, it requires no particular skill in political economy in determining what cause has produced the present depression in price of cotton. It had its origin in the impro per interference of the Bank of the U. States, in going into market as a purchaser of cotton-Noarth Carolinian. The New-York Herald, of 15th inst, cobtains a long list of American vessels, said to have been engaged in the slave trade, on the west coast of Africa. Among them is enumerated the "Charles ton, of Charleston, sailed from Gallinas, in January last, with 300 slaves." This is incorrect. The only vessel of the name, owned here, is the brig Charleston, which left here 11th Not. last, for St. Valley, (France,) from thence proceeded to Paler.; mo, and sailed for N. Y., and is now, we; understand, up for Baltimore. The Charles ton sailed from here some year or so agr, for the coast of Africa, from thence tor Pelermo and Malaga, and came home' with a cargo of fruit, &c. but was cer tainly never engaged in an way with the' slave trade.-Charleston 'ouier. "P'e Missionaties Eaten by the Savages. -The N. Yotk Observer of this morning, publishes an extract from a letter dated Sidney Now South Whales, December' 1st, 1839. which states that two missioners,, named Williams and Harris, connected with the London Missionary Spciety, had been killed and eaten by the natives of Ewomango, one of the New Hebrides Island. They had gone to the Island for the pturpose of communicating with theta in the subject of religion, but they had no sooner come in sight of the savages, than the war cry was raised. Mr. Har.' ris beihg sickly and feeble, and Er. Wil.' liams quite an old man, they were over taken, aud pierced through with spears. A third person who was with them, lr* Cunningham, being of stronger frame thair either of the other succeeded in makeing his escape.-N. Y. paper. Natcheztunder the Hammer.-T he United States Marshal has advertised the City H all with the Market House and Publie: Square of the city of Natchex for sale, under an execution for the purchase of some lots, by the city, a few years since. The Boston papers announce the deatii of the Rev. John Kirkland, D. D., former ly, for many years, president of the JMaf yard University. "['he deceased was a soit of the celebrated missionary to the Six Na. tions-the Rev. Samel Kirkland. Hei w as a very amiable man-kind hearted and benevolent-a good scholar, and of mnuch refinement of manners. Chinch Bugs.-We regret to states litat the ravages of this insect are already ap parent att our corus-.'ia some low pla6Es they have actually killed it-although fest year the bottoms seem to have been less troubled with them than the ridges. A farmer who resides wIthin 15 miles of Coe. inmbla informed us that lest' yett fromW forly three acres lhe gathered O*e wsagoi load and! lice cotton baskets of easkadof I ather acres he mnade nothing at all *T6iziyerte 4'urrants.-Gather ?lhewN when.green and seperate them frqi tbs stems; thte'ts pet thentin junk bottles cdrk the boit tes losin~d p~ut theth in a cooK part of thre cellhfrd Currants may be kept fresh and greeni in this manner the year round, and make excellerrt pica m: winter and spring.