Newspaper Page Text
From the Charleston Mercuryj.
POSITiON OF THE STATE RIGHTS
INDEPENDENT TREASURY PARTY.
For some time past the small fry of the
-snamdess cohort" in this City, with much fret.
ful venom, and very little wit, have labored in
.the Courier to convict this paper of inconisisten
-cy, by quoting our old against our present opin
'ions, comparig our opinions of the Admai
- tration before the Extra Ses-sion of I837, with
.the opinions we have since maintained.
No mian of sense calls another inconsistent
-because of'a change oropinion
A man may be fickle or foolish if he changes
'his opinion over often and for insufficient cause,
.but he is not inconsistent unless lie avows two
or more incomp:utible opinions at one and the
,same time, and pursues a course ofaction at va
riance with his professions.
The boy who believed yesterday that the sun
moves round the earth. and is schooled to-day
into the contrary belief, is not an imceosistenit
%but only a wiser boy; for the process of grow
ing wise is but a continous change of opinion
in the abandonment of error for truth.
It is the fool alone who can reason or think
for himself, who never changes his opinion, for
the fool has no opinion ot his own to chtnge.
And of all foolishless, the tuost absurd is to
apply the term incoisistency to any change of
opinions as to men, since every rational intaud is
-consciously liable to a revolution, often total,
of such opinions, in a year or a day, an hour,
or an instant.
We lay down these homely oxioms with cha
.,yitable particularity for the sule benefit of such
learned Thebans as our as.saLimats referred to
above, hoping they nim have snificient itel
'lect to deduce the stupidity of their assaults.
The intelligent and thinking man need not li!
-told that when we avowed a- change of opinion
as to the Administration, the naked avowal was
of itself a refutation in ndvance of :ll charges
of ineionsistency flounded on the discrepancy
between our old and new opinion.
No more was incumbent 0n us than satisfac
torily to recoticile tihe chauge with the princi
ples'which we have all rlong pro1ssed and yet
maintain; and this we did when we proved
.that the Administration laud planted itself on
-State Rights ground. At first, with great can
'tiou we declared for the Adutnistrationi on the
. currency question alone, usitmg the words -with
-them not of them;" and it is alto--ether recou
cileable with the partial co-operation and gen
.eral distrust then avowe'd, that a probation of
-three years should have remuoved our distrust
. and won from us for tile Administration, as
.much confidence as can ever be prudently giv
-en to men in power.
Their whole course of ncasures is consis
tently diiected to bring back the Uovernment
,within the Jelfersoian rule; their party is
pledged in their addresses and thronga all their
accredited organs to the State (ights creed and
policy of South Carolina. We hauive seen l'th-.tm
not blinking the question and teuiporizimg with
Abolition. like tle Whigs, but nianfihly -t iIIe
.it in the face, defying it, and hanging our bain
neron the ontward wall. We have seeti them
repudiating the Ameticani system or poatecdon
and an overfinig treasury, and their imevivt
ble results, utnconstitutional appropriatimus for
internal improvenients, and all kinds ohlextrava
gant expenditures- a nd we have seen the Presi
dent himiself most firmly adheimw to his cousti
-tutional and purifying polil:y with respect to
the currency, unmoved by clotd or Liushine
in the political sky, steering thirongia his whole
term bythe old'Republican chart. staking his
politica prospects and those of his party, ont
State iights principles, and as the first citizeii
-of our Republic, setung ao example of mild
dignity, moral putity, and social courtesy. In
his language, life and demeanor, to which we
-could wish that there hal been a eloser approxi.
mantion in the aspirants whom the OJppoUsicion
have fitted against him.
Tile fever of our bitter contest vith his pre
decessor had not subsid.tl; when Mr. V.A Be
aEs was inauguriated, all our prejtidices were
in arms against him ; we believed, whether
just or not, that lie fhal subservmt :i b tted
the usurping hostility of JAci,0s agaitIst this
State; from his declaration that lie would walk
in the footsteps of his predecesstir, as we inter
preted it. we anticipated that, like Jackson. he
would bre-ik his pledges. iid forget the right il
the consciousness of power, and ti thirst for
mnore power. We ente'rtained dislike. di-tnos,
and ill opinion of him and of' every imemiber of'
the Jackson cabinet, ad exparessed nur' senti
mnents strotngly, as we enta'rtaiined themti sin'
ceralv. His subscquent conduct hais e'envinced
us thirt we did him injustice. We haveo seen
him as President, smece the Extra Ses'ioin, foI
low tno footsteps of Jackson, hut such ais were
planted in the strmighlt teputblicatn Stamte light
track; we have seen no dv intiotn fiomi thea gin.
uine State Righits prittiple. whicb lhe main
-tained as a member osfthe Senate. in hiisspeechi
-on Retrencmentt tinder the f'ederal riint oh'
ADaMs anal Ca.sv; andI judging him by his
-deeds. not by his professioniu we eniianot as Ca
rolinians ad Patriots refuse onr support to a nt
administration wvhichm we have hiiad trite,
ihroughi time and trial, to the principles of' thme
South and the best interests of the [Uno. WVe
-have seen frankness, itoral caourage anal firm
ness, giving efficiency to a f'ar-sightead atnd sa
gacionis policy: instead of the "non-cotnmnt
talism" to w hich w~e had objected in his pr
'ions course tis a putblic mni.
The opponetnts who still charge him with
mon.committahism have in th eir iunjdel Conven
tions andl in the personi ofiheir dumab canidniuate,
pushed the policy of keeping in tihe dark, to an
extreme insulting to the people whomi they
wvould bring into their ranks blindfolt while in
Mr. Van Bttren's calm. nnhe'ndintg. sterii adhme
sion to the Sub-Treasury p)olicy. wve have seen
none of that 'Liuaberness' which was said to be hias
characteristic, by acensers who have since in
their subaltern Whiggery been as linmber as
"the willow-pliant Demnocles."
When we first gave our suappoirt to the finan
.cial policy of the President; t nd when we soon
after declared our readiness to supp.,rt his ad
ministration if' it adhered to thet principles latad
down in the Address of the D~emocratic mncm
bers of Congress. somne of our WVhig hrii'tdsa
would have deterred us by telling ns "that pro.
fessions were cheapji that afler having in their
need, gained, by compromises, the co-operationi
of the Southern State Rights men, the Admnin
istration would betray tus to secure Northern
federal support, and" (with the constant whip~
practice of pttling men in the place of prina'.i
ple, they added for our alarm) "that Calhonn
would be sacrificed, and be sinpersededa hy
Benton, Forsythe, or some other prominent
Administration maln." Onr answer was obvi
ons, that we preferred the Aainiiaratio~n
which gave tis pledges as yet unbroken, and
which it was their intere-t nt to break-to atn
opposition, thme leaders of which were with us
neither in profession or practice, and thie pr-ac
tice of wvhose subalterns from the Sonth proved
that the professions of'these last were utterly
For -Mr. Calhoun, warmly anid proudly as
we valned him, we had no Iears? We kniew
that princip:le, the rights of Carohimna aid the
Sonth. and the best interests of the Union, wenre
his piloting~ stars, and that no vagrant down
ward glances at the presidential chair or any
federal office wouIl swerve him from his
course. Knowing this, we knewv hit tohbe safe!
He wotuld not betrav himself, by desertinig his
principles, and wvhile lie was true to himself,
it was above the might of any party ito sacrifice
him. Wielding alone in the Senate of the Union.
with his lofty itntellect and earnest devotedness,
the fultl moral power of.Soth Carolina. his co
them as an adaedtower ofstrength, and cursed
and dreaded by a trembling opposition, his glo.
rious chanpionship of truth, for truth sake, as
suring and animiating his friends, aind makting
conquest of the conviction even of the enemies
who had not the candor to acktiowledge their
error, nor the integrity to return t, their duties;
and havingqjustin spite of his rercet and bitter
fend with the metn inl power, in spite 11 past
an1d recent recrimination, hostility aid distrust;
of personal aid party connexions and prejudi
ces. of the obloqy which he knew Ie mntst in
cnr. of the charges of iticonsistency, apostary.
and corrupt venility which lie was smsie to en
counter; ofthe risk of being too far in advance
of the South in npprehendii g our trite policy.
having just, in spite of all this, petfortmed the
noblest act ofrmoral heroisi that ever graced
our political annals ; by declaring proimptly
and boldly for the financial pobey of the Presi
dent, lie possessed, to our view, an insluience
more betneficently potent for our cause, and oc
enpied for himself a position more proud than
any dnminant liarty could asseii him. We re
joiced that lest he hiselt should, losing reaew,
commit moral suicide by running connier in
his age to the whole course of an illustrious
life, it was impossible to break down snch a
matin. Party could not do it, mian could not do
it, it was in' the power of God alone! Elven
had South Carohinta repudiated himt and aried
on the opposite side, lie coid not have fullen
fie would have ceased of course to be her
Senator; for if ever, according to Mr Clay's
false prophecy. he coild not justly have claimtied
the right to speak for her, lie never would
have assuined it. He would have been too
proud and too true to strike against the Paluet
I( banner and to cumber the plaec of our rep
resentative when lie no longet repiesented its;
to chng to our office of trust when lie had not
our confidenci; to grapple himsell'to the gift
wsen lie had lost the hearts that gave it. Ile
would have retired iom public lile. but not as
a fallen tian. Truth could not have given up
her voitary: she would have full soon as her
tritiumplis spread, have snininoned hai with her
trunmpet of victory, borne itt onl her cotiqier
in-, chariot, and cropwned him wah laurels 1ron
the seed himself had planted. And S. Carolina
inid not repudiate. could not have repiiated
him, for the principles which impelled hin
were hers. It was not that hci pride and con
fidence in him itt reciprocaton ot his good ser
vice and devotedness to her, made her follow
where lieled-No! Ilad lie held bark, he would
have ieenI lIft behind: our people would have
gotie oi to tie very posision they tiow occupy;
for they unitderitood and lie!d sacred the prmt
ciples Which they piofessed. And it was not
set much that his sagacity and foresight fUt the
pulse of Caro.inin. aticipated the publicz opin
iot of the State. and took tie tide as its youn;
flood. It was not so much that he justl% relied
on the .intelligence and virtne of our people.
It was heranse lie eilt and acted like a Caroli
Inia, atndt with the instinct of a 'arolitiat, Lilt
on the State Rights principle eigtained in his
reason and his heart, that when lie piaited onr
standard, befiore here was need or titte tor him
to look back for support, our people were at his
side rallied like a band of brothers in unumi
Such was our aniswer. and such our feelinz
thun, and the stbsequent mourse of evetnts and
parties las :lleireted is the io-:t ample jistifi
cationl. The oppositioni have fully developed
their Ultra-Federal charac'ter, widle the Ad
tinistration tirie to Il: its pledg es, has violated
io rule otf the strictest school ofJellb'en. anid
so hit froi dod,:ing )tr slighitiog the principles
of State Rightis Repunhblieanisim, has bent its
wholesome entergis to their enforcenitit, id
staked its political forttnes.on their vindicatiotn
In their contrasted modes of conducting the
contest too, while the otte pas ty mlist concilinte
the confidence and coistmmand the respect of
every well constitiutel mind, the o:her canutint
foil to di.gnst and insut ant iitelligem and high
ninded people. It is the evident aim of 'he
Fedetalists to get ilt ait morbid and dissipated
e.citement, under the influence of which their
r(tkoweirs stay tbe uttrtind intO vothn; without
relleetitnr, niid icetel itnto the belief that a
very ordiiary and coarse old nian is a hero
ait a sage. A soldier of doultfil merit, itd
certificate bolstered reputation, both as to sanity
and soldiership, who resigned Iis rommission
ated sheathed Itt sword i the mitidst of the wa;tr,
they endeavored to reco ndoutil on the ad cap.
tdna/u score of inilitary chiellait.-hip. As
tchs as they denottieed it lien a tre sohiier
was a candidate. they seek to gaitn power bsy
the spell of ilitary rentown. andt those whlo
were daizzled lhv the rudini~t star of Jackson,
they woin d fon'woovn like moiths~ to the greasy
glimmster of a lhrthinig eanle, int the dnbious
andsi gloomvt lihrbt of whIichi they lock tip, having
first gagged hims lest lie shiostd bray. themir fec
tionts Cminnuutatuts itt a ictitionis log cabit;
feigning that lie is thiereins moist demoscratically
inidulgiteg his gi iius with sothting else hett a vile
swill at which civilized stomai~chs revolt. And
all this is doine for~sooth ! by these condlescen-Imtg
nriis'socrats, bsy waty of winsnmtg the enilrges of
their intl;-riors. ihseir ;greasy fie!powcitizeii, "the
switnishs umhitude,"' who they fondly prestume
will vote for a titan biecauise they are tol that lie
lives mseaily antd ues dirty !VWhy, .\rs. Trotl
lope hers:-lf could inst have electioneered with
a1 msore respectfu! flattery All their party 'le
ices are iteairical, artificial anid iinmetere:
their banmiers, mtottoes, badges, and.il (lit w -oden
emtblemn of the woodlen Gaol !) their emtpty eidher
bai rel, borne about with wild wvassihtns friom
revel to revel, atnd on n hicht thtey would Jo!
txants, inistall a P'rcsidentt of the t~i. S tales.
like a Intsphant Blacchuis beestridintg his cask.
Their vergleaders gee ahout like rare show-mien
playinig the fool. anud carryintg ini their traits
periced balanicers anid piostutre stikers amid his
tiontit spsoutsers. tio play the IInurlegin. tenring;
it simnulated passin to tatttsrs. onthlerodinsg lHe
rod. anid making th I tintsking Ianchi, but the
judicious grieve. The warnit;g "'1Tms Damstai
et don ferenttes" of the Trojans seer at sight of
the woeodenu hoerse. cainnot surely lie nteedled ini
civilizetd anid Christian atnd Repeublican Ameri
ea as the cidler batrrel rolls its roiwdy progress
to the gate of onr Troey. Surely Feederaulismn
mtighit have chosenet to steal ito poewer utnder a
wotihier dieguise. "Ment leave" nlot -'dost their
reason," atnd the Americant freemanti is ncot to tbe
boirbt with pageants anud ge w gaws, anid
Pleased with a rattle tickled with a straw
like the subhject ra bble of the Bt itish bnstisngs.
Aerica hai ai people, bns ie pupulace, antd we
are ntot yet docemted by the suuccenss of thiN kisud
f anitaion, to bhlis for the itntelligencee, thme
pride. the morals of our couintry, aned lose our
fitht in macu's caplacity for self-governcmtent.
On thce other hiand, how digntitied ini comtpa
rismn is the curse of the Democradtic ptary.
Costendeing earnestly for the right, they appteal
not to the passiosns; they treat the people ncot as
a giddy mi' b, htut its euslighteined equals, anid
ipeai to their tunderstandinig, and reson with
fact and argninsent. Unilike the motley crew,
which Federalism has etnlisted, whtichs avowimg
o creed. ye~t asks for prosehytes, they appear
itt thme lists wishmoust a nmask. plant themuselves
rm the Repuhlican platl'erm, nad boldly piro
mulgate the prinicipIles, with and throtughcwhtich
they are to fall or to cotsgner. Thtey bait with
rio painited htanshes tee easls growna chtildrn,t
nor frighten the and fi-ont its proepriety by nitisy
jinketingus. nssr ermpty she seats of Cosigress
and impmede the pithhe biusintess, to senid by
steamboat antI rail car throngh thne c'onmury.
missionary conigressm'-n wvho desert their host
to spend the per diem allowance. the wages oef
their negelected ditties ini gadding abouct to ex
bit themselves, anud split the ears of the
grounmdless with rabid fiustiant. Cuimipare M1r
Vanm Burnen's modest, untohtruisive course, his
uniform regard of all the decencies and cour
tesies of life, his self-control, his forbearance,
i. rennhlican dignity. with tharoerim-t, -_
saults of his assailants! Remember Mr. Clay's
ibridled violence at Buffilo, when, as tie
would-be candidate of the Federalists, Ie
belched out his deenunciations, and talked of
-Amos Kendall, Tom ienton,.and the Devil;"
renefuta er the boarding school sublimity of his
crown of roses at Saratoga. and his coarse per-,
-oral jest at the ahence of "his little friend,"
mcanioeg tie Pre.ident, whose manly delicncy
had cansed his absence, and whose good taste
aid s. If-respect would have never sitlered him
to sacrifice good feling and wood breeding for
a ribald jest. liemeiher Harrison's Inrious
cursing anl swearing against all his politiv-l
oppainients, at the door of a livery stable in Cn
ciemnati. and on which picture enin the pride of
inihond or of enliItcned republicanism look
with the greater complhcency I
But. we are told of' Mr. Vin Bnren's view of
the Missouri question, his approliation of itifus
King a qiiarter of a ciititry nmo. and aiso ofthe
Proclamatidh arid Bloody Bill. We derend
iotIris approval i'iieapprovedeither. Btthe
(iestion is. inot wlhat fir has ibeen hi, ttt lie
is; what is his present political attitude, and that
of the party snpportmg him Committed
decisively a..'inst abolition as they are, no mat
ca ie so unpoindent ini his falsehood as to accuse
them of presit aflilation with the Aholitionists.
Questioned hy the people, lie answers promptly
nod iuneqiivocally. Then, why go back to a
passlge in his early political career, to infer
.that he is that which we have recni aind pre
sent conclisive pioof that lie is not? It is ah
sid. The case is ditrereit with Flarrison aid
Aholition. We have a recent and present tes
timony that lie aned the abolitionists tire of tie
same political party, that they have claimed
him in his own neigliborhoed avowedly ly his
owu aithority, and he has assented ly silence.
A member of Congress assures his Ahnoliiioii
consttiineots that Harrison is ol their "-first wa
ter." The leading Abolition Journal triumlis
inl his nomination as that of i ciielidate whom
Abolitionists can coniscientionsly support, and
he himselfiolerrogited orn the subjeci, stands
Io redly nimte. referring ens through his Com
iittee. to Iis old speeches nid leiters. We ure
anthorized then to go back to his old Anti
Slavery avowns, and if we find among them
as we ilo. that he is in favor o f using te Fede
rn' revenue for cimanicipation. we find full con
firmatioi of the recent anti present evidence
nenainst him. aid his positions as sin Abolition
ally is conclti-ivelv defined
And with regnrd to the Prclanniion, Witli
whnt rare' can m partisani of the Federal party.
atid of Webster lne lfirrisni. lay that at the
door of tine present Itepuliennl pnruy 7 Dil
not tIre Federalists proclaimt that *'tle princi
ples of tie Procinmatione were the principles of
New England," and this befrore Ge. Jackson
had himiiself at tire renionstrance of his own
part., partially yet materiilly recanted am
expiongedi it I D3o not all tIe prominent and
best niecredited orgains of the i)eiiocratic party
now ini elet repudiate the Proclanation, lay
elarging as a Federal sin upon Harrisoi awr
iis party. their adoptio of its prinrcilples I Was
not Mr. Webster the elipion of tae Procla.
mnation ? Did nt lie and the other old Federal
leaders of the Northern Whia party delight in
the Proclamation, so as to drop 'heir htosility,
and for themi once give in their adlresioti to
Jackson ? Have the Northern Federalists,
coinisituina the bulk ofthe Whiz parry, changed
their opi'eionr either of the Tariff or the Pro'la
urationr ? Thry hare not ! atnd ill opposing thet
w e are opposing tie true lrocamtaition party.
flow then, dare any Southern Whrig have tIe
eirontery to bsritig up tie 'roclanatioti .s a
reproach te us? Mr. Vans inren ne'ver pni.
licly avowed (nor privately sor fir as we know)
any approhntion of that docmnent ; rut Ilarri
son has. If- sieered at our Stite, ail te.
clared that Jackson had by the Prochiniione
covered - imself with glory. Tis olinion, rie
ver since disavowed, we find in oie of tile old
peeches to which his dtrumh dignity ref'ers the
people. How then car ary-;iodicant State
itighrta man who snpports this qld Federalist.
this partizan and protege of tire Adamses. this
avowed Proelamationist. rebnke 'us for co-ope.
rating agaitst him with a PresideUt and party
of the Jeffersonian school I
From the Charleston Meriry.
Cuanr.SToN, Jily 3.
We are indebted to the politeness of a pas.
senger ill the sz'hr. Stephei & Francis, fron
St. Augustiree. for the lotni of the St. Atigrstine
Ni-ws, from which we cepy time following it,
Sr. Auous-rNF, Jine 2f.
ILierit. Aslhton. 2d Dragoons, wvrites f'raim Iris
ctap, neair Waihoo Swamip, that art lIdiani
sepiaw, iih her chrike, camire ira, and leaving the
child. sire went out again prhrmisirng to retunrir.
Tire next day sire brourght ini two warriors, wire
informred Lient. Ashatonr tihat they woutld bringa
in 310 warriors and their famrilies on Thrursdayv,
T1hre steamer Santee, Poinsett, arrived here
from Souerth--r posts. (On Treadnry last, five
hediarns lend shaon n themiselves ira sirrht of Irnian
itiver lBar. Ont the night of tire 8thr irn-f. are
Inrdiarn app~irebcted witin fifty ynrrds oaf Fott
Darllas. andl place'd ma book ire thre road. witih twee
sticks laid nreroass it, trand mairde seevral matnrks
arorund. The beook hrnd the name of Cel. I ar
neve written it it. surpposed to have been takera
at'Consarlatcie. It is staid tire Inidiani yave a
ye'li atnd retreated.nLfter haavinrgplaced :hre book'
We aire indebted to thie saime genrtlentrn fear
thre fotlowieg additional itnfermtatioe
Col. ainry hias brronrght inrter Wck Creek.
the child arid mrothier of Conraochre, togethret
with ai negro, whlo cart renn ariad write, trad whro
says te Idrianrs anre reguilarly supjpliced witha
thre Sr. Argarstinie prapers, arid anmrrnitiona by
Tire scoeit is brorken rip in conseqruence of
sickness. h'40 soldicrs hbeing sick ret Fort Kinir.
Gent. Armiistead is exfpected at St. Airgustirre
ire a few darys. It is crrntemplatedl to re-move
tire principal depeot located at Garryes Ferry to
IIAMBUnRG, (S. C.) .rnly S.
Thre rreather.-We haivh had a hot time of it
for a we?'k past withorut one drop of rain. Ott
Amer-day tneringl thre Thrermome'ter smeod art $
decrees ini the dieep Irarde. and bry meid-day rde
Sie~renery Irad trnvtied rip conisidferably ablove
blood-he'at ; ared smreu tirene, there leas been ne
decline in the article."a One eft eel' tIs ex
cessive suiltnieess. ray be-seen by a ginctre at
thre 3d andre 4lh panges of'thisc deny's pa.per : a raey
of thre sten stole in tharougrh "a hole ire the wval'"
tponr our reak-er, anrd emade it ahemosat boil in a
minte; of one side of it, it made a one'-siderd
affair beyond remeedy. The weather hieing en
trelv too hot to ernst a new roller in tinme, we
hve been compielled to uise lire suin-strucidk one;
aned in spite of tine der'iI whor ralls (nor rules)
ourr formr, monks ande friars hnave mrade their
C~Ana, June '27.-Provisions.-Wo
beg crir coutntry friendls to have cotmpas
sins on ius, andt save us from starvation.
We don't believe. rhat ar the time we wvrite
there is n single rnirrel of filrur for sale iei
town. and corun has been, for seam dlays,
remarkabrle scarice. Floor wounld bnrirng
front 8 to 9 dollars per barrel, andt Corn
hs teen selling ait a edollar per buashel.
We are not complaining so mruch ehount
the price horwever, as of the scareity.
The latter, we hope oeur country friends
will rem dly, aned the former wve must try
and manage otirselves.
Flattery is like armor of needhe-wnrk, pleas.
"...o wear, but nfino avail for defene.
From tie Soahein Pariot.
It has been properly said. the country
never stood in so much moral peril, as it
does at present fronm the wassailincg of the
Whig*. We haive every variety of jun
kettin*_. from the pot house carousing of
whieh the orgies. are eeletirated in Hlard
Cider, it) tihise lofier festivities in which
Soasts to the succesis (if their candida taore
quaied ini it beveragoe of a more aristoceat
ic qt-ity. The Deroens are connt i to
appeal to the popular reason anil utifler
standing. The Whigs enlist the mere
nnimal preiencities of our nature as aids to
their enterpri'e. But is tthis not the worst
part of their mceans ihr the furtherance oi
their objer. The spectacle has, for the
first time. been exhibited by tilem. in this
country. of transfurmiug a candidate for
the Presidetncy, into a;n orator be-ore the
people. Here, thel, is also a contrast be
tween the parties,
Mr. Vtn .Buren with a just perception
of true dignity., coild not, of course. des
rend into thearena and ecigage in a rhe
torical display. .But int no period of our
history-in that crisis even of bitter con
iroversy, when the very priceiples of our
Government were -taked on the issue
lie Jeffersons anl the Adamses of that pe
riod-the Atlanses and .ncksons of later
'times never descended from their elevat ion
to harangue a mixed multitude-a mob of
There is something derogatory to the
iustre wx hich should osrround ant aspirant
for t he Presidency in this proceeding. To
appear tius ielbre a promiscnons asseti
blage, may seem deferential to the people.
It may wear the guise of poplcar coile
scension. But the coarse party conflicts
that so frequently lring the candelidar to a
level with the nfennec nan in the a;sen
blage, should he carried ott by lite inferi:r
initrmnets of' party. The dignity of the
individucal elaiminz the sulffrages of a free
people for the highest office in their gift.
shuld cot he uiapproachable-should not
be hedned rocund by too manly forms. But
there is a marked difTrence betweena the
candidate for their votes, who is ready to
ece them by lrolit re..ponses to all mat
ters of' legitimme ingoiry. and he who enl
ters the field of conflict at every invitation
to play the Rhetorician helbre a nixed
From the (lcreland Ohio. Adzcrtiscr.
"Our streers. i Tue.-any untst, were
filled with Whig processious of those who
had arrived by land nid water tin thnir
way it) Fort Meigs. Tie largevs acnd most
impsing of the whole was ihe procesion
ofthe Whigs from the old couties orGeau
ga antI Ashtabla, Gid~lings' Congressmoni
District. in these counties, the main otly
of the Abolitionistm reside, ndtl they are
lhe stronest Whig collcties of io. acnd
prohnhply of the U. s. This ureat AboliflonI
procession marched under the hannerst of
-H arrison and Tyler,' acI.lamnes H1. PaieI
vas its Marshal, the leading Aholitiist
oftOhio, and who wonhl carry -war t1e the
knife' cpon the institutions of the Soutlh.
In this prcression wvere the very men who
conpose the secret associat incs polln ite
Lakeshore. tep aid the escape of fugitive
slaves tea the opposite iromier of' Canda
,-While ithis great Abolitionist procession
was passing onr office, we ecould not aivlid
relecting upon the stranest of all possilble
unions4. ilhe 'Richmond %I hig' with the
'Cleveland Agitator'-he Vhiga' cef eile
South wvith the most miserable Abolition
fanatics of the North, uncilcct willc equal
enthusiasm, for'H1arrison and Tvlcr.'
Another rumoredDrfcutifl.-It is with
pain that we are enlied upon to record a
nother rumored defaleation, on the part
of a member (if the Philadelphia har. who
heas heretaeforo oerepiedl a highly respecta
lir positidon ice society. Th'le ruorots, that
ltce indlividncal in qoeseina wvhose namte
we wsIihhdld in tiestage eof the mratter, in
respect to cte feliec of hcis famcily, was
the creistee of several peropertie's, amiot-t
icng in all cto fromc 6i1,t100 to $100,000. A
Iartge peertion oitf hbi.- proelay beloenged toa
thce wife of at distiigncishcead A mericean gen-~
t lemnacn now abaroadl. ande formterly coime'et
eel with theo Philaelphiia pra'ss. 'Thei
praorty see he'ld in c tst, was mcisnppro
printedl, if not squanderleed andee lost lay thbe
rustee, whote, uneabeh to make it gneod, aed
seeaiccg the d rentdfu'tl naturc ee of heis paosit iota.
lil WVedenesday Intsi tIed the city. [Hia nec
coutis itt atti or I wo of the bantcks have,
sincec his ablsece, beenti toutd elcientc t
smtall a amongts. it is scuppoe~sced thcat stoeck
gambiliing aced en~arccs mculicaiclis speentla
tionts were uamong the caeuwes etf hci ruitn.
.Phi ladelphaia Inquirer.
The lady above referred toe etust he, we
presume, Mtrs. Walsht. WVe should he
very sorry to leara tthat she antd leer esti
iable Ithiand lead sustciined andy serious
pieenniary loss.-N. Y. Spectator.
The fellowing Cardl is c'opied 'roma thceSt
Loutis (.Misc'ouri) D~aily A rgus. thce prepieoreofl
which, J. D)avis l-;sq.,. was atssasaated by a
iUntish '. hig atespierado:
A CAan.-ThIe attiack whie'h lens beantade
otn thcis establi il.tmenct, has resaiited ine the tan
fortuneate death ofi tie precprieteor. acid tis
er ecit ha~s cnecessarily, disslved te cocmract lie.
tweenc the latte piroprietor aced thce edecor. A
frieted of' the dlecased. ntl of' the estaiblish-t
mlenet. took tie letters ait :eaimjesomaton. wh'lich
tmght prntha eblv htawe ree-achel int te temporaeary'
renewal oh the Ccmracet with the unadersignted,
but the decisiau. of elan Ceontay Caort eon the
apidicantiocn ofdiff'erenet part esc, revoukeda the let
ers ande placedl the peruess itt the hiandas of occr
politicatl opiponentts TIs rec.ders it. of ceoure
ntesary, that te editor shoultad resigca hus
station. and dcssaolve his conecetion wvith the
eslablishmtent, wihicha he tnow doe'.. LTe frieccds
and patronts of thce Argues are respectfully ice
formted that inc a very few days the untdersigned
wvill resume his stationa as a Demtoacratic edter
ini this city. anad the pneper will he sent , metna
ally to all thte sublscribaers of' lice Argeis. The
arrangemcenats are ncot yet eompleete. hbut onr
fientds ma~y rely upeon it. that stceh mneastures as
tese, viohet acnd extraeordinccry as tey maty
setm. have hbut little power to silecnce thce voice
of' thc' D~emocracy of St. Lonis."
St. Locals. Jnnce 12, 1e40.
YORKytLLEy, S. C Jtcue 2y.-A n aflruay
acturread,sei wve are inform'ceid, in ihie neigh
berhoodi of Blairsville, int this Dieirict, ice
wh~'icht a Mr. Joshica Palmer was sneet Iby
a Mr. Stinsnc. Tlhe'y hwI quatrreheed aind
foucght severalnittmes. antd wsere neo docih:
trn sported, beyond their proper sen-es. by~
ager. It is suppgosead chat Mr. Pnimuer
canncot servve-Stinson is cnot arrested ac
coering the Jnatvu informarion.
For lhe Adccrtiser.
The citizens in the vicinity of Sister Springs
in this district, -celebrated the anniversary of
our National idepvend.'nce with their usual
patriotic Ileelings. About three -hundred per
sous w ere ini attendncive.-who, after partaking
of a barbecue prepared for the occasion, drunI
the followintg regular and -volunteer senti
L The day we celebrate.
2. George Washington
3. The Heroes of the Revolution.
4 Oeineral Nathanel Green-His memory
is cherished by us, lfor his patriotic and devo'ed
services itn the Soith, during the Revolution
5. The Federal Union. with the Federal
Constitution literally construed.
6. Soputh-Carolhia-Endeared to us by the
associations of the past, and her present emi
ient position in the Confederacy, she will be
ever ready to oppose the usurpations of Fed.
7. The iHon. F. W. Pickens. our nble and
eflicient Rolpresentative-IHis entrse in Con
gress inl advoc-atinag tand saust.ininag the impolt
ant nenstres of the Administration, meets our
8. Hin. John C. Callionn, our gifted and
distiniihed Se na'rar iaa Conress-True fo
his native soil, it is his object to promote the in
taretts of the South. Unlike his colleague, the
Virginia exotic, whoi looks abroad to other sec.
tioLs. courtinag and seeking popularity by von.
'orminz himsell toa the views of nnbitions, un
principled aia lisappoiited aspirants.
9. William C. Prestoa-Ilis own promo.
tion ihis favorite (object ; his selfish acid unnl
lowed associations with Northern Abolitionists,
and black cockadoe Federalists, prove hun nt.
terly recreant to the hiel trust confided: to him.
A foreign mission. ort aseat in his contenplated
cabinet, wonih tit doaaht le a full comptensation
for his derelictiin of daty. Like the silk worm,
le is aw windilag himself np, anad will shorty
expire (poli!ically) ina his own cocoon.
10. Cl .lohn P Richardsona-Tle aitiaihk
and accomplislhed geitleman, the intlexible
sipporter of the great Demortatic, Solh Treasn
ry party of' the State-Flis nomnination as the
candidate of that party, as the next Governor by
the almost entire Newspaper press of the State,
neets onr full approbation
11. Martin Van Burei. President of the U.
States-Il is adainistration deserves our warm.
est supporl; for wli!t be hts shtwn a disposi
tion to promote the general interastof the
Union, be has isutred the South of his deter.
initiation tip maintain, and not listirb her do
1:. Willia m Hi. Hlarrisona-Confidence is rol
to be reposed in a man who is afraid to avow
his poalitical opinion.s; his iotorius imbecility
well jnstifies a conmittee of vigilance; a
keeper ind a mtzzle are not imappropriate.
13. W aatnn-ten-led by Providence as
the cotmpaion of* man, hiis safest and most dis.
interested contasellor in prosperity or adver
By Char/es Cter. Jr. The next Govern.
or-Good fith in preserving our late compro.
mise ; and the- interests of the State Rights and
Slnh-Treasusry party in the State. points to Col.
Johnt P. Richa-don asi the man.
By Capt. Teomas Nichols. The Tariff. In
terial Impr.ements. a National Bank. and
Depreciated Cttrrency. and Wmt. H. larri
soi-ll' we de4ire these. place Granny in the
chair, nid we have-them; if not. retait .Unrtin
Van Bnren, as President, and we have nothinis
By C. If. Mattheres. Gov Noble-Thongh
ie is no longer among its, his mraemory yet lives,
alnonishing us to imitate thte high moral ele
vation of his elbaracter.
By L. Barnett. The Bantking system, needs
revisiont anId reformation. ad skoasld be so im.
proved a-4 to prove a blessitg to the cotnitity
instead of a curse.
By ff. Beard. Martin Vtn Buren-His worth
is appreciated; snavee-s to his depending ce-c.
By 0. Brad/ehl. Col. J. P. Riclardson, a
candidate fas Governor at the ensuing election
-His uoral worth, taletrs, and political prin
ciples, entitle him to the statiol which his
frienls have assigtned him.
By Dr. John Haluiland. The Fair Sex of
Saith Caroliaa-Uansurpiassed by the world in
point of bwantty, virtie, talentts anad patrioatismn.
By T. It'. flrmljelrd. Geni. H arrison of lhio,
a strnt A bolitionistt-H-ated lby manty, respect.
ed. vanly by a few.
By'Thomas C. Griffn. The Blanks andl
Chinacthaag, words syntaonmons in character
--They fatten upoan ihr- labors of' the honest
anal inilnstrionts faramers of onr counitry.
By Unpt. IV. T1. Hecnrelaj. Willisamt C. Prres
to-:.ike the fimgnis wvhich yiels phtosphoric
light, its rntrenness is the cauise ofitts radiatioan.
By Wfillian Thoeupson. Maartint Vana B~tauen
a frienad of thae Unaiont, stami of te constiitutional
rights of the Sia'es-Mlay Carolina's sons sits
tain hitt ais Chief aiestrate.
By ./hn Cooper. SMay thte penpie of thte U.
Staes talk le.ss and think mnore. th at they may
hec bettea gn:dlifwd tao select those to whom ate'y
cofide thae presersvation ot their rights atnd
By Sumipier M. Griffn. General George
Me)ntle-Althaough retired from the conncils
of nair conntry. hecis nevertheless adiditng honor
to his chauracter atnd utility tot his counattry, by
his snecess as at atdiraibe rictical plante'r.
By im. C. Wie'na. Success tot te Demo
ratic Psart-' of' the Unired Statecs, and to State
Rights prinaciples, and iheir great advocate,
.John I . Galbtonn.
By Jameus S. Pope. rCol. I.ewisaT. Wigfall
H is tualents, and flearless iandependena:e, promnise
usfitlness to thte State.
Mr. EBlitor:-As I believe you were rnt ini
ateaaance, at the Barbeente tnear [horns Creek
on the 4tha, you will sulow mec thea privilege
thra atgh the rol tumnts ofynt pape~r, otfsaying; lior
the bentelit of thtose wvho were ntot presenat, itat I
consider it onte Ilatng thec best that I ever at.
'The asembhages numbered two hnondred and
upwsard<, nhouaat filty ofh whaomi waere Laukes,
wich, th.,nahl smai~lh-r in tnubr, weore noit the
least hanpprstat portin I cana assure yon.
While thec elder Ladies and Genmlemen were
makingr stnitaline pr.-paraitionas for the dinner.
the yotunger clamss were enigaged in social coas
No political discussiona. or party wrarilng
intrtded upoan ste goodl order nr the day. The
arragmient of the tables, and thte suspertbua
dance upon thesi exhibited wvell the taiste and
resources of the . iathtibitansts itn the vicinity.
No Oraitiona was delivered upon the occasion,
neither wese aany Toaaes given. Bitt the trem
ulotus voices of thte Heroes oh the Revohu
lion, as they relaited ihe history of tsheir adven
tnres, andi thte eheaerhni said npprovinag smiliesol
the voning. all united to remeind: us thatt wa
a m'emiorable occasiaan that we had met to cel
Int short the assemblage, the patriotic spirit
manaaife.ted. ad pertiect gaaot order that pre
vall oan the ocecasiotn. rentdered this celebra
iont a waarthiy tribaute to the Fathers of our Ini
hluc~h praise is diul to theO sup~eriantendtrentst
af the dinner. ialusch gallantry wsis dlisplayed
ay the yattntg meni presetnt, and I beg leave in
mae contclaasiona to say, I seldom if ever met
vitha collection ofyotung Ladies, on such ant
c-asiont. wvhose genecral beaunty ad aippear
ince could. have afforded a iner specienasa of
he risitng fair' of Fldgeiield District, thgan the
The Trusiecs of the Male and Female
Academies at Greenwood invited the un
dersigned as a Board of Examniners, to wit
ness the exercises of their public examina
tion, which commenced on the 16th aind
closed on the 19th ult. The Board of,
visitatioin thus conistitu ited, having given
diligent heed to the duties o0 their appoint
ment, would respectfully call the attention
of the public to the following report:
We are aware that such reports are often
looked upon as the vehicles, in which mnay
be litund as a thing ofcourse, the mere con
tmion-placeis of comrnmerdation, having ti0
other end than the gratification of those im
mediately interested. We distinctly dis
claim any such aim; hut in express
ing the high gratification with which
the exercises of the occasion inspired its,
setforti, only out honest, bona fide, and
The Greenwood Scltools, consisting of
a female Seminary atn two malo schools;
one designed for tie diffierent hranches or
English, the other exclusively for classical
and Scientifc irstruction, owe theirexis
tence to the commendable'public spirit and
enterprize of an association ofr ctlemen,
who have united their efforts and coricen
trated their Influence to difftuse throiugh
their vicinity and District, the blessings -of
education. How far they have been sit
ceqsful in their object, will be indicated by
the fol!owing simple statement of facts.
The only embarrassment felt by th6
Committee in drawing this report, is from
the abundance of materials before them,
to make such selection as will tnost fully
express their own satisfiction, and give to
the public, a properconcepttun of the flour
ishitg condition of these institutions of
learning. The extamination coinmenced
with the Female School under the direc
tion of Miss Brown and Miss Hart.
Besides the Committee, a numerous
company were assembled to witness the
interesting ex-rei-es of the young ladies,
embracing classes in all lhe iranches of
instruction, which tIe goorl sense of the
age esteems essential for the proper cul
ture of the fenale mind. It is not too
much to say, that the prompt and accurate
answers to a isearching examination in
Geography, Chemistry, Moral and Natu.
rat Philosophy. Geometry and Conposi
tion. were throughont, not only satislfacto
ry to the Board. but denonstirared to their
mainds the high qualifications and fact for
teachinm, of the heads of this department,
as well as the industry, application and+
proficiente of ile youa lalies. The deep
attention of the delighted and happy 1ia
rents and the undisguised satisfaction of all
present, amply confirm the propriety and
accuracy of these statements. The exam
ination, it may be proper to state, was va
ried *v a spirited, original dialogue upon
fashions, atid a conversation uipon science.
The examination of the second day o
pened with the English School, confided
to the nauagement of Mr. Jis. Giles, who.
judging from the data before us. has an
swere( well, the confidence of the Trus
tees. That individuAl is but little versed
in the important science of Ednention who
treats as a maattct of slight -con-ideration,
elementary instruction. Some of us have
had practical experienceo in the business
of- reaching. and we do not hesitate to af
firin that in no subsequent stage, is the du
tv of teachina more dillietlt and responsi
ble. Ir the foutdation he-well and pro)er
ly laid, it is compiaatively an easy task to
carry out tho work of instruction. But
let a false siep he made in the early stages.
of edcation. atil the subsequentt career of
the student."is only laboulr, and that con
tinually." And it is well if he turn not
away itn disgust from a ratce, in which he
1inds himself outstripped by inferior intel
lects. This digression, we trust, will be
pamrdloned, as it was prompted by the ex
amtincaions of Mr. Gi les' departmnen,wvhich
emtbraced clatsses in the commoni braniches
of Enoglish instruction and eletmentary sci
enice. The exercisee~ were satisfactory io
te Board, creditable. to the stnmdehts, and
highly hocorable ro their incstrtuctot-.
The last two days v.er- dlevoted to the
classical School tauaht by Mr. J. L. Lea
ly, cotmmencing with a well tantght class
in Arithmetie, and continuted 1v exnmina
tion< ini Algebra, Gteonety. L atitn, Greek,
French sind Chemistry. In Mathematics.
the~ examtintation was condtucted with e
most thoronigh, minute. acid exact accura
cy. [t its imposs$ible toeinde the convic
tion, that no pains htad been spared in the
recitation room;-ilhat the most laborious
and particular aetentioni had been p~aid to
imparting a knowledge of principles. Par
ticular propositions may be learnedl by
rote. A knowledtge of principles amuse he
utiderstood. This know ledge of principles
was tested in the mpost satisfactory tman
ner by the quetions of the Board, who, at
the request of Mr. Lesly proposed to thte
class int Geomemrv,wviihout collusiont or pre
vions uniderstanding. every theorem,which
waQ promp~tly demtoncstrated, and itt one in
static -to which n'e cannot refrain from
advertinig-by a conclusive, original dem
onstration. The natne aceracy--the
satie proficiency-the same elaborate at
ention to pritciples, and the muinute but
importatnt points of instruction were obsera
vable itn all the sub~sequetnt examinations
in Latin. Greek. Fretnch and Chemistry
Analysis. Sc aiming andt Consirnetion.each
received its proper share of a'iention In
all those exercises, it was plain that the
voting centlemen bud profited by the self
sard-fcing ioil, and the varied acqutire
mtents oft their ineiruictor. Xin the evenings
we had specimens of declamation by the
students, of s']ectec' pieces and t wo origin
al speeches, highly creditable to the young
meni produccing them. But as we itttend
'this repiort to be a trute exponent of our
opimnons, we mus~t he pardoned for the
Ifrank avowal. that it was from these exer
Icises that we derived the leaist satisfatcmion.
The young gentlement in almost every in
sctnce were hurried along by a rapidity of
utterance, fatal both to atn eacsy, graceful
matccnner, atnd a clear, distinct articulation.
A crowded roomn.short andl w arm evenings,
atnid te nnmher if spenkers were cthe only
apologies w'e cotuld find for these defects.
We have car~efu'ly reviewed this repiort,
and cannot in jutstice to those concerined,
qualify or alter te terms itn whtich w
have expressed our approval and satisfac
tion. Our c'ommttendlatio~n has often been
high acid btut little quali~ed. But if we
have comnmended nitich, we had much to
commennd. We might have said more; we
eould not say less.