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Ctinedfrem our Lst CHaZar BaIt., Sept. 2, 184L. Getmen:v-It would give one great pieasure t) unite With my~ fellow Ciuizens il the honor, Wvhjel ahey probose s1 coma&r an eur famiafuJ and devoted Representative in Congress, as a .testimony of their a >aibaio or Is patriotic serVires, and his - ible adherence to those great conservative principles oferpual rights a nd ,constitutional libertly, upon which the rights and the intstitftens of the South, and le bar anoay af the Union, se essentaally depend. But several causes coainae Wad: the state ol mny health to make it necessary that I should <e cline the isenor ofyour kiud and flattering in vitation I cannot Lowever let the occasion pass, wah out expremssing ay conviction of the great isu portance fthe prinrilestowhich youpropose to offer hotnage in the persoi ofear ripresen tative I regret the necessitv which has con strained Soutb Carolina to break the digmified silence which she heretofore matimtaitned in m lation to tie election of a President of the United Stites. Dat the extraordinatry com lhinationsof all the political eJetienisoestie to the priocip!es. institutions and interests of the Sonth, uder &he banner ofGen. Harrison., and the utexatuilied efforts which have been imale, to insure his election by every art of mtisrepre sentation, concm-ealte:it and dec.ptiono, demand or every Southern patriot and Southern State, an unequiivocal deaunrciat inl of this colmbinat tion of paoltical aspirams, whose success wnould involve the imrifiee of every primiciple, hereto fare deemed sacred by the Sontherna States. Mr. Webster has always bien regarded as the pcrsonitiration of those prinicipies, and mtea sures which formealy constitaited the creed of the Federal party, and umlore recently that of the national repumblican. or co;miidationi party! and yeL the friends of Gie-i. H. may be coan fident!v ehallenged to point out a single ptiin ciple or measure in whic! he differs from Mr. Webster. UidesA. thei ne abanidon use oil Republiean maotto of -principles, not men" amid adoptthat of --men withmt regard to priici p wes we tmst stand oppo,.ed to the election of Gem.liarrison. aopenvy aynd as actively as we are opposed to his priltc'-ps I will con e'nmie with the following sentiment: The Suuthiern Statesc Let them support no m-tt fur the pre~idtency, now or here:jlter, who <obes not inscribe his prineiplest upmoni his bau ner. 'Let no such imn be trusted." I tom ;nriletmen, with great respect, your frieid and fellow citizen, GCORiGE McDUFFlE. Mmsi. E. R. Caheun,James Spronll and G -0.vu.-; Sept. 21st, 1840. r;: ra -1 lh:a e rt ceived your polite im vvvti:eto a diter wiiich the ,:itizent; of .hhae vili, propose to -.ive to their represettative i Conp ess on tmme -43d inst. at Greemwood. I am raratelin to on tur thi< iark of respect, ana cannot wnt bi gratified at tihe terms int which you have been pleased to convey it. tmore es peciady, I have readon to be gratifi d to know that I im indeated ini part for this civility -to my devtnt to the principles of the Conmwtt Von, a:d to the cmause of the Southl." I regret that my etgagemaents are such as will deprive me of the pleasure 't joining vou im the propmo sed festival. My personal reaIrd for the dis. tinguished gent:emao, whom it is intended to honor, wouli alotie Ile snificiem to imndutce lmy acceptance of your invitationm if it wet possi. ble, umtch snare shouild lie urged to im ie with vou and Iis fellow citizens itn tii maninlesta iion or their respiect, when it LA co.dr.u, ered as a fortual confirination of the great pirinciptes of public policy, in the extablishlmment ol whtici we are so deitly itterested. aid whmich ias tidien to the lot of your ieprezentative so ably to st port. Iloiding a judicial station, I have care fully avoided taking any active part iin the ipoh ties of the day. By acceting such an othee I do not however consider mivself disframchied, as a citizen of the country, I cannot be idiffer ent to tie issume of the sting-le wiich mow unmi mates, the exertions of parties. Ilavinmg formed with much deliberation, opimions ont the quemos tions whic are involveml. I have not only the righmt to express them inm a becoming mamnner on snitabie occasions. buat consider thmat I ama hardly at liberty to wtito'd thaema iromn thmos' whlo tinay deem the~m of any vailue, witht amt en. tering as a partisan, in tihe active wtarfare of politics, or desreming inmtm time arena. ras a com-a batant, I assert anmd shall mamintan tihe right, noit onaly omf private optintoion butt oaf unmitinmg wimih mny fellow citizens, ont all proper oc-casionts, mnt bonoar to pttlic inen,. and it givimg expiessmU to pamblic opinion. Tme paresenmt :tmhiucal emmer gency as onme of great.anmd eriticmal mozment tad presents an ap)proptriate occasiont foir commu ning together ott pumblic ulmirs. If tiheme be truta im history th~e coantest oaf l1800. is revived anmd all the prnmeies are at stake whichm were then deenmed of sutch value by the repmtbicanm party, atnd which shaed stuch itustre on thmeir tri 'mmih. hanving sotme acqaimtanace withm time political course of time Pr'esidentt before lhe cm into power, and having; observed time comrse of the adminta;tion since, it is my sinicere anad deliberate confviction,. tiat ino public nmn has taore unif'ormiytaovwd, or more steadily pmtr suied in practaco, those wound consitmutuoalt rinciples wich formted the creed of time repttb ican party. and wich -have beena peculiarly chmerished in Soth Carohna, tis thme basis of pubiic liberty It is umpon thonse principles at Jone, thtat the Soithernt Sates canm repose as ma gumaranaty for the itegrity of mleir instittions My prefi-rentce oaf Mr. Vaaa Bmretm is not tommnd ed solel' on limo fact tat he st.muls at the heaid of that party, ino whtaoe doctrmres I, have btemn broumght ump. whist lois adiversatry is presenated as time head of tihe ospposmm paty,' aimhotu!!h that amigtht be suificiett le has highmer merit and stronger elatmas. I do moat choose to enter imtn mimntte szpecifi catiotn of time points of co)mparison bemwoeen thetn. It is enaughm for the presenmt to saty, thm:m if there hanve bmeen obhectiomns to time formeor cotmrse of Mr. Vano Burent, ott solame que'tions oaf see tional policy anmd interest. time satme exist in anm equal or as grezat a degree against Gen. lar rison. On all lending p'ointts of constitumtiontal dotc trinle, and of' Nanional policy, time views expares ued by Mr. Van Bunretn and'adopted in practice, are such as I cordially approve Tme manage ment of ouir foreign affairs hmas been emntlty .. succefmi, and hats -beem mnarked bmy sagacity, prudence. anad forbotaranmce: whiist hms donmetotc plicy has eq1ually exhibited sound jundgemnent, decisonm and firmness. which have been dis playedi in a remtarkable degree duaring time late bevere test, to whichm that policy has been stab -ected, in consrequee of the pressure of the times.'rThe success whtich las attenided the ef fots of time oppositiona to ascribe time commer cial anad financial embarassmenlts of the coun try to the measumres oaf the adaminstrationi ex inbhits a melantcholy instance of populmar iafatn nttion. The first conciu ive evidence of thme ex tent of those embarrassmenttts was the .general suspension of theBanks inm May 187, thmis occutr ed in less than 3 mnonthms after iflr. V. B. caime into office, & wasthe result mmf thosm' extravagnt speculations during preceeding yearo. In thae absence of a National bank, anmd time deposait banks itavintg failed to atmswer the end of safkly keeping the public money, be recommmentded a total separation of' the governnment from all Benks, so that the people'ns money should noat be twad ihr the purpose of private specuiation! Bat shomuld be kept anmd ditsbursed by public a gents, appointed in the usual mnode anod respon sible to their employers, the people. This wias bank, as a commercil agent, nor to provide a paper currency for ie ases of intqrnal com inerce. And the exessive exaggeration of the effee of that measure, so far as fwgards cur rency and exchange, is one of the anuinalies o theday. The views of the President in r gird to the power and duty of Congress to promide a paper curaency and to TguLatecoin. mercial exchanges are in strict conformity to that prine.iple of constitutionial constructm i, Which alone can preserve the integrity ol h State governmient. These views lormt after all the grand work ofthe' opposition, and have ar rayed against the administratiio all those who applya ditlfrem rule of construction. A rule which is well fited to enlarge the powers of the V.1neral goverument, so as to embrace almost every sulbject of legislauon, connected with the general welfare. I an' No alarmist on the subject of slavery and apolition. The lave holding states are entire ly competent to their own protection. Yet the manly course of 31r. Van D3 nren whilst in the Clhair of the Senate,andin hisinaugural speh, exhibshis indepedem-e and firinness, in a striking manner! and entitle ihim to our cardia! approbation,and whilst I have iio apprehension of Gen. lartison's inclination to iiterfere, for the abeotion ofslavery by aid oif Congress, yetl be has avowed doctrines well calculated to ex cite litrust and alarta. I perceive therefore no reason for desiring to chatge the ailmamistration, ou account ofthe prineiples Ftnl olinious of die candidates. Adnutting both to be persons of untdobted patriotisun. aid of ntexceptionable private character, I consider' Mr. Vtan BOuren a man of More ability. -nd of nuch greater expert. enee in the a.'tinistntions of civil affikirs. IVIatever objections exist agaitist him, exist egnlly against Gen. fiarrikopt, Where they el'er, the principles and opiiieens of Mr. Van Bure'n. are suh" in my opitlion. as to naiatain the Constitmtion, to preserve the Union, atail to 1r4mot- the per-imannt interest of the people. Such are the gronnds of my preference which I have fairly and cordially. set forth. I olitritle them on no one. I desire every manl to exereise his own best judgement: sid shall en deavor to be reconciled to the resith of the deiberate popilar will. alhoughi it wuay be ad. verse to my own opinioi. . Wilh perect respect. I hirve the honor to re nuiti Gentlemen, your obedieit servant, B J. EARLE. Me~ss. E. R. Calhoun, James Sprou)l, and otliers, Committee &c. ANsmtnso-%, Sept. 19. V-40. Gen:emen:-I have received vour favor, iii- i vitiog moe to attend t dinner, to he eiven at Greenwood nit the 2i~l inst. hV the citizents of Abbeville, to their Hte presentaiive in Congress. I I regret that it will inot he coninaientt for me to tavail iyiself of that opportunity, at oce to tes- t ify ny devu:ion to the Iriniciples of the Con sititlion find lie canse of truth. ujid to mingle I W ith old ft iends and acquaintatces, w hose kind- t mss to me, when iotIntd -amionist them, is still gratelfidly remembired. Tiie-e tire indeed strange timnets upon which we have iallen. Froni small dilferences on is- L mies ofbut li't!e interest, originally. ntimongst us I hie kreach i. gradually en larging, and the contest l ww wagingi i'i evidently involving in its pro. t ress the elementary pirinciples ofour Govern r inent. I By enlisting tider tie standards of snbaltern i partizans, who thettiselves have been enro'led i y political leaders of higher cast, tihe people I ire imsensibly led to the advocacy of measures a aid thence to the adoptionm of printciples, time ire proposal of which would have heen at I irst startlimg to all their cotmiton sense notions a f a prprly organi.ed governiimtnt. A Amuch a iv-i aSn as I was, n.;:mn to embark in politic-s, an il version greatly iicme:sed from tie fact that 1 irither great winr( of tie zrandil political army ii aas exactly in tie miifmrnm I was disposed to ptit v im, yet ot its ascertatinment that a choice was Ii io be made ind only etui men the'm, 1 have not t1 esitated as to that which conlhried nearest to he prmiciples I have heretoifiore espoused, and t is division, even anongst ourselves it seemts, t intts ieeds he, I have rejoiceil that by time force y ,f circmsta:ces, these two great divisions aie secomituing every day more distinctly marked. i1 it retmains to be seen whether the Federal doc- ? trines and nmasures of other times are ageiin to V he fmrced upmon the pienple btecias thteir dresss has beena a little itoderniized, antd thteir namte hangd. I have rea-son to believet that many foumr frienids, from whom we have lately parted ompany, are not yet aware of their destina ion, un'tt before they' reaeh their joumrntey's end, I think themy wiill fmne thmat thme "wrotng pamesen-. g'r has beim wakekmd ttp." Thtmough I mreit the , resent suctcess of the oppomsition as miore than robable, I shall still hopie that thei tritmphm of heir pmiiciples mayv not lierilby be seenmred - i The-y wrill vet lhave'to rally, aitd miore itiseinctly mtnifuil their hanneris; unid whten thier hianners olmes to be imscribed with their pirincilhes, in stead of Log Cabins andm Cider Burrels. I shall lok for desertioni frotm their ranks by every p-tine trute hearted Repnmblicani of theo old chool. Very respectfin!ly, your friend. J. N.WHITNER. Alessrs. E. R. Calhoun, Wmt. Edditns amid tners, Commiittec PENDI.F/roN, Sept. ly. 1840. Gentilemn:-For your kind intvitation to a public dinner, tim be giveni at (Gretnwooid on the :a3d inst, to your distingnishied Riepresentta tive in Conigress I returii moy thanitks. It would albrd nme great pleasure to lie with yout omi thatt occasion, but I fear that other engage-mentts wvhicht cannot lie neglected, will prev'emt me. The trihutie whiebi ymou proepose to pay to youmr Rtepresentaitive,. is 'well imeritedl Standing ini thme trout rantk of' those wrho hauve hatd thme honmes ty aind firnmness to saicritice opposition to imetn at ihe shrinme of potlitical principle, lhe lhe beeni the subhjiet of muimchi ahiise. andme of much ndmi ratioin. I rejoice to sie that evuen uti attempt to ect til ani oppoiisitioni to hmim. has promved a laiihmrie. It tells well for the intelligeitce of his conistitinents. Th'le temieral mensmes of 11r'. Van. Bnreni's \dtministratiotnhave libeen sineh as tim extirt immr approbhation, amid I do nott believe muir State was ever befoire so uiiiinammos mipoti any <pestiiii, as that wvhich niow augitates the couintly. lin dneed. whatever objec-tions wre tmay have had to Van Bitren, there is nt a single one which wrill not apply with greater lumen to Iharrison, andi it is a matter of woiider how anyState Righits mant can be a supporter of the Ilarisburg nomii-. nee, who has never in his lite, supported a simn gle State Righits piriniiplle. The public decea ration of thcir doctrines by the friends of thme President, contrauted with the non-comamittal policy oif the suppiorters of Hairrisont, or rat her their dotuble conunmmittal for Northt antd South, not intended for the public eye, leaves its nio alternative but to support thme former. If iwe could doubt about trmsiing them wh-Io openly premulgate princeiples imn accordance with onr owvn, it would be fully or madntess tin assist in elevating to powver others, who din not eveni pro fes's to be friendly to our doctrines. With high respect, F .SMIS Messrs. E. RI. Calhotnn amid others. Nzwna.RY Sept. 18, 1840. Geandlme:-Oni iiy return home, to-da y, af ter aboutt a iveeks abisetce, I iwas hiotiored with your letter of the 7th inst. invitinig mue to the puplic dinner to be giveme at Greenwood, on the 03, byv the citizens of Abbeville, to their Repre tative itn Congress. For this testimonitil of respect, and especially for the very obliging terms of: your commmu cation, Icannotsufficiently express my gratitude. bahe toasser yon that it would nfl'rd m. great pleasure to accept your iniviiaton, were I not prevented by theil heahlofmtn family. . The aliusion in your lettar itd my -devotion to the true principles of the Constditutioi and the cause of the South," implies thal, iii ydur jud;;ement, the part which I acted in fEdbhil polries, since 1i have held the station with which I am Jsonored, was neither incorrect nor exoessive. TLe sanction of' an eclightened public opainions, thus espressed long afer the transsacionis to whsich it relates have passed away, adlds greatv to the satisfaction. which a calim review <d the principles by which I was governed aflfods 'to my own conscience. I51I have for many yearsab.4aincd from piar ty politics, ithas not proceeded from any change mn nay principles, or irn inseetiltbihty to tke interest of ny coustry, but fmn a regard to that moderation which public taste seems.justly, to exact from the judicial office. At present, there appears to be a trust;gle in wichitis to be determined whether ue public auitirs elall toe committed to tint great party wich, so fir as i's power ha exlended, liats always coniteaded fai a latitudinarian conismc tion olf the federal Constitutionor tu diat other parly- wisdch hasas uniformly striven to savelthat mistrument from perversion, by.cosfining the ioversnmeni, within its granted powers. Itap pears to me, that at such u time, witb such ans issue before me. -I should be fajtlcss to my rinty if I were indif'erent, anl that I should be distranchised. if I were forbidden to act with those by whon, in samy concsption, the great :ase offibcrt3 is upheld. Whide, therefore, I ;ilm liee to confess the insegri'y and patriotisms f wastv who, even amnoig onsrselvies, take a dd ernt iiew of thcirdtayT While I see amiong beta many who differ in nowise. in gesseral iinciples, hut only in the application of those principles, from die true reptublican party: I :amot erlrain from firmly and decidedly taking Sy staid among you all, in defence of the "true rinciples of the Constitution and ihe cause of las South." The question is not, (as I lament to perceive it is too maluch considere'd)about President malik ng. if it is, I have nothing to do with iL It s a paltry and a slavish functionfsr the people :o assume, to busy themselves in the choice of i master. Our forefathers were very tuhadp sily employed in constacini'g this govortnenit, f our inistitutions are so inharnonious, o i dapted to the geiertil principle ol'huimain na ure, th:at they are endangered unless hie who Sp1ut at thi'e 'd oftalL't.irs, is possessed ot'ras4 :ndant abilities and immniaculair virtne. ifonirgovernittent is only to be perpetuated by iracles. it imust speedily pesh. 'Ifit is worth ,y think, it must he capable of being adnian stered by men of respectable ist'ormatlOn, msatriration and morals. If the people have nolsing better.to do than o ininire whether it is prelerable to bdlong as the phrase is,) to Mr. Van Buten or .o Gen raIl Ifarrison, they are already slaves. For my part. considering these men peason iv, it is a matter of indiif-rence to nie which of' ieu is chosen: for indepenslcnsly of shecoutrol >f theii by the party which is to prevail in the lection. I have bit litils confidence in either. What decides me is this. The present ud iaistrations party ias avoawed aid acted upon rinciples as sound as I can desire. It has 'clared for a strict construction of the Consri ution, against Inti nal Improvemenats, agaimst i rotecting duties, against a Federal Bank, aid ainst Abolition: aid'it las faitifiillv-redeemIed S pledges. If Mr. Van Buren is elected. it snly bersse this party shall hav-e prevailed. it that case the admaiistration may be iolli liv ins his hanids, but ust be really in theirs. In the other side, I behold a party headed y the fiather of the American system aid the reat federal expositor of coistittirional Law: tid in its ranks I see arrayed. il all its strcngth, is whole bank aid 'Abolition party of tie rth. If General Hlarrison is to be elected. a will lt only because this p:rty has pre ailed. With itay sentinots, I cast never be. eve the "triue princiiples oflte Constitsation and e cause of the South" safe its selt lsntds. Ifyou have borne with panitence the untliges d remarks with which I have made free to mnuble yoit: I irnst yotu will allow sue to offei oll tle l'lo witi seitime itt. Aheville District. While she numbers a long her sonts a *al ihonn, a Cheves and a leDullie, and hearkests to the lessonss of their !i-don tnt d expseriece, ste is in no danger of trav'ing fromt"thse truse princiiples of the Consti ttiti anid the scause of the South." J have the itnsir &c. J. JOH NSON. Mlessrs. E. R. Calhoun, Wms. Eddisns, &c. SPARTANDURo. S- C-. Sept. 14, hP4O. Gntlem'ni:-?sy privatie andI profession. I engaigements, absoluately fosrbisd my sae eptasotato yousr kinid inlvitation to antendl es ptublic di riner plrophosedl g be given by to citizensl of Alheville, io their lIepre entataive in Congress-ona thes 23sd ihst. TIhae hotldl ands fear'less mannser in which 'our Represenstative htas advocatedt tse iowedl pr'inciples" of the Democratic lpar y-independenatly of his predilettions for, ir objectisos to, partwcular meni, justily en ile sim so the mark of approbhation, I ,on hsis cor.stittsltt propose to bestow spn him. TIhe Demtocr'acy of the State vond gladly jsuin yotu in dsoing hsonor to tour re~presentiativet for his indlefatible ex ertions in their cause ansd devotion to prin 'iples instead of men." Wheihber our cause is destined to failure r success we cansnot fores thte gallant ness who hunve so nobhy done battle isn die enee of it. If we should be, which I hanrd y su p0ose possible; defeated in thte nexrt residetial eleciitin we nleedi not fear n ro ihani stempor'ary triumtph on the lpart os or oppotnents. It is isot in ste nature )f sthints liat the present cominationi, of he discosrda itmteristials of ste oppo'iition ste Dtemtocracy can lonug coantiinne. A party wtithiout a'vowedI princ'iples mtust of secesity di.solve-"Untcomtpromsisinsg hos iity so M~sr. Vans Busren" muss cease of ourse wvitha the election ofGenseral liarri Oin. hie Easts will demand a proiective ariY'as the price os' rewvartd of iteir ad. esion to the "uncompromising cause." Will the u ncompromisetrs of the Sous hisubh mit to their demands? The WVest will loubtess favor the E ast. expecting and de mandinag that a large proportions of the ,urplus creased by a protective Tariff, shall e expentded among them in furtherance of thir favorite mneasur'es of Inaternal Im provements for their private benefit. W~ill she WVhigs of te South sanction ste iews ofthse Eastern and Western sections o'their present allies? The elements of the present Whli2 pir ry are too incongruouts for its different ections. to entertatin a remote hsipe of its rontiinUig togeiter. We need nsot fear the fisal prostration oif Democratic principles eves thtough the Government passes for the third time into the hands of theo Fed raslist. The sate Rights mnnof':the East and Wes, the North ands Sauih cannos, wshsat eer may lbe their present course'; be insiu ,ed so amalgamate wvish ste consolidatimn ess unider Daniel WVebster; the National Republicans tinder Henry Clay, or the old chool Fetderalist undler General Haerrisonl, 'or if any' reliansce can lbe placed n unim-. eached and alleged naimpeachahle testi aony-Gener'al Harrison was a Federal ist of the black cockade 'enIool and 4 *ear the badge of that party in the ime of the elder Adams. It may be is I haive heardsugge.stet, that Mt. Clay luis. abandoned, sub tsiitially, tih tdoctrines 'o the National Re4.,blic-ans, i6s6, ii iis pretty vonclusive that our part) is not only right ii its politfral creo', but that no mat can reasond lily hopr- for success ;i his aspiratius to the Prasidency wi i oultadopting it. The countttycainnt twice and buccessively, be deceived by the false issues tendered to the people by the Whig press, and by Whig orators. the devel peinput of the measures of General Har rison's Administration, should lie succeed the Pcesidency; will stanp it with its true character. That it must be essentially Federal seems inevitable. The soutzi must ofnecessity-and at no very distaut day. become once more united rin the principles of the Jefersonian school, and shoul it poerchatnce happen, as the Whigs against ill himan probability al lege il wvill, that every Southern State should abaud4oin us in the coming conest. we have the poroud gratification of knowing we have proved faithful arng the faith less, to the Constitutim of our country, the genuine unadilterated doctrine of States Ri2hts Demfiocracy. I have the honor to be with great re spect Gentlemen. You most obedient servant. JAMES E. HENRY. To Commmittee of Arrangements &c. GRIEENVI.E, S. C., Sept. 11.180. Gen tlimen:-P rofessional engagements preclude me the pleasure of accepting our polite invitation to a public dinner to se given to your Representative in Con tress at Greenwood, on Wednesday the ?;3d, inst. and you will please accept my sincere ianks fur the very kind and flat ering icrmus in which your invitation has ien extended to me. The course pursued by your distitigish 'd Represeuinative in Congress, the Hon. F. W. Pickens has been such, as should Undear him. not only to hi immediate :onitUens, hut to ilie whoil Sou f.nd vcry member of the republican party. le has iobly sacrificed his personal pre udices, and all private consideratious for he maintenance of those great principles m which depend the safety of the South. lie permanence of our Government. anid he Prosperity of the American people. 'I lie fact is too plain to be doubted, that lie Old Federal party with deep feelings ,fhostility to the South. are strtgling to ;et into poner again, on the &ame prinei )lt's which characterize duthcmu us a tat' a 1798. The supporters of General Ilarrison for he Presidency, claim for Conress the mower to esta blish a Natimail B hitk. to en eit Tariff protec'ion. and p:iss a system f Internal -Improvements. It is well nown thit General llarrison himself lfaims for Congress the right to purchase nd emancipate our slaves on the applica ion of the States to.sell. than which there annot bo a stronger federni measure, or nue more fraught with evil to the South. rn people. It is a matter of deep re-ret thar there bould be any portion of the Southern copie so blinded to theirown interests, anid he true interests of their country as to suf er theniscives to be Peduced into the rank. ifrhe Northern Whiza. They should re ee' that they are rallying under a banner iginst which it has been heretofore their ride to cotiend-a Banner on which nev r has been inscribed the words "STATE butnTS." They cannot serve two inas ers. They must necesarily sacrifice their rintiples or abandon the whig party, I ive not the alie btest shadow of"- doubt, mti that every Southernt man will lbe fonnd n oppositiont to General Ilarrison's Ad nintistration, should hile be elected, in les:s hant tn elve tmembhs from the titme of his in naugaration. With great respect, I am yours &c. B F. PI,:R RY. Mlessrs. E. R. Calhottn. W. E'hditi, Irmues bproull, F B. Byrd, James Logan. The Gov'ernor of'Florida has issued the 'llowing Pt'oclatmation. "Whereas, circumstances attending the -eent disaster at Indian Key, ine'utug le belief that both white persons and nie roes are leagued with the ltndians int their etestable warfare against the pteople of lorida, I hereby off'er a reward of Iwo undred dollars for the appr'ehension and elivery itito safe ctistody, for each and ~very white or black person, or mulatto. ho shell lhe found aiding or abetting, or n any oilier way assistintg the Indians in heir hostile tmove-ments, incu rsions, deC jredationis or hiitcheries. "1 call upton the Justices of the Peace broughout the Territory, strictly to (carty 'into full effet thme aet conicerninig Patrols. tlpprovedl February 1lith, 1828. anid all Maytirs, Inttetnditts, Albtermeni, Memnhers fCouncil, nhd other utmieers pertaining to citiest, towns andu vinlges in the Terri rory. are exhortedl to vigilanuce anid strict ness ini the er.foreent of the Police. "I entreat the inhabitats not to desert their homes, but to arm thiemse'lves coim pletely and assist eaich oilier ini the defeiice af their -settlements. A Blocek linse should be consirtncted in every neighbor mod and every H-ouse upon the frontier, yr in any other exposed situation, shonkd ie protected by a picket or palisade; and very citizen whether at home or abroad ihould lie prepatredl at all times to repel ttacks of the enetmy, for notne can tell when or where the Seminole liudians may appear. "Scautterced and at a distancee frotm each ther, as many oft the d wellings of our cit izens, it is imsib~lle that the Govertimet af the U. States or that of the Territory, mn allord adequate protectioni to all. Dur pleople mus, rely much uipoin fearless tearts, atid tipton guns well chiarged and ii good order. It is ntotorious that the do. erminedt resist atce oif a single mnan- has lien, ptut many Indians to flitht." "Finally, I call upon the people of Flor da to c'herish amonig thetmselv'es thoase ympathies which naturally flow from a om mont reeling. I ask theta to defend hemselves, and to help and support each >ther and to lend their best aid for fur' her ine of the eff'oris made by the United tates itn their behalf.". ROB'ilRT RAYMOND RIED. 3. MW nrvs Secretary of Florida. S. JosP, Sept. 12. aMore In4ian Murgra! ! 1--It becomes our melanclily 'luty to record fiiher sick ening details of Idian barbarity. on Thursduy qn-ning the 10th inst., tlhO.house of Mr. \9yley Jones. on the Econfiia iu Wasuhinglon county about sixty miles north ofihis place, was attacked by a party of Indians, the premises all burnt add Mrs. Jones and one of her chiliren an infint, shot. We have conversed with Mr. Joines, Who says that he was returning from de of his fields about 10 o'clock, in the morn ing, and when within two hundred yards of the house, he heard four or five rifes fired in his yard, he rain for the house and on rising the hill, found the house sur rounded by Indians and eight or ten in the pitzza. The Indians discoered him at that moment and pursued him, firing and wooping at him like devils. Being eitire Iy unarmed, without even a knife, ho fled a'ud escaped in the hammock. Mr. Jones' daughter, a girl of about 13 years of age, states that tier mother, a oegro woman and four children were in the hnse when the Iadinns were divovered in the yard. Mrs. Jones caught up fhe youngest child and was shot attempting.to escape out of the door, sirnerk by three halls. one passing through the head of the child in her arms. The daughter above mentioned took the two children and while the Indians were ransacking and plundering the house, pas sed out unmolested and hid them in the hushes. The littlcieroine then returned to the house, in the midst of the Indians, helped her mnother up., who was lying in the Porch and aseisted her about three hundred yard< into) the field, when becom ing faint from loss of blood, the little girl left her in search of water. She returned with it. but hermother afterudrinking, (lied in a few imiomients. She then covered her moueher and the dead infant with bushes and carsitd the remaining children to the -irarest neighbor. The Indians destroyed ill the forniture, and stole about $300 the most of which, was in specie and carried of, or hurut the notes and other papers of Mr. Joesic. Ons,. sisilnr fnt cononmecied with this oulragos is that the oinlv uumit-u found in the yard was a five dollar bil| ont a broken hank in Wertumpka. Ala. Was it insini I 0:11 ers:,ha-'l the indiaas 1: di-. eriuminate hes wee non-i man-.-y .md load. A few days belfre this outrage Mr. John Logarthy. while descending the Chipola river, in a boat laden with potatoes, eggs and chickens, was killed probably by the sane party, as pieces of iarpauling belong ing to the boat were found at their camp inig pl:ie about a mile above Jones.' Mr. L.:i it with him on leavitng Mariantin. from 3 tt 50t dollars. A company of vol ninteers starteel in purstit of the Indians and tracked thei tet the Dead Lakes on the Chipuln. Volunteers are now being rais ed in thie couity tee continue the pursuit. but we fear that the Indisins cannot he overtaken. The inhabitants near St, An drew's liny have mostly fled to this place from their homes and fortified at the house of E. Robbins, Esq. How long is this <:u1e of uncertainty and alarm to exist? Times. F10M ST. AUGUSTINE. By the schooner Stephen 4- Fracis, Cap5. Magee. we received the News of 26th sit. fron which we nake the follow. ing ext racis.-Charleston Mercury. ST. AUGUSTINE, Sept. 21. From the South e learn little. The eneny is supposed to he in large force in ftie neighborhood of the posts,. as their trai!s are .-rge and signs very frequent. Near Fort Dallas they burn! soni wood cut for the ateamboat, and carried of wedges mnanh-, &c. Caipt. Iloustnan has returned to Indian Key. The whsole counttry is intundated by rea <on f thte recent heavy rains. Our city contimnes ms the enjoyment of the best health. An Indhian was captturedi by a party of 2d Dragoons, unsder Liet'namn Sa'an elers. last week. ill the nerighbtorhood of~ lI'ort Mlelln. Hie was shout, asn I after naurds hsantged to a tree. A subsequent1 scout disecivererd tiat his hotly hsad bieen, remsoved, nmierous signs of the eniemy bieiug secti. NK.w OaLEANs. Sept. 21. Blockade of Vera Cru:.-T hrugh our Havana papers, we learn that on the 22d1 silt., Vera Cr-uz was blockaded by the Tex ian squtadroni. The Mexican Government Journal ac knowvledlgcs that General Rteyes wgs obli aed so retreat beefore the Federalists. andh she Laredo and Meir were captured. From Mlexico.-Our H avana papers I conin extrnets from Mexiean Gazettes. fromt which we make the followinig ex tracts: Vvmav CaUz. Aug 21. There are three Texiami vessels of war lying~ oflouir port, at the distance of a few leaegies. We are, in a manner blockaded by rhe Tlexinss: anid, als houtgh they may capture vessels, yet heinig no smore than pirates, they will nor he persmined wisha impurity, to molest the vessels of other il nattions. 'JTsis, we conifess, snakes oura bloodi bonil ; u e caninos ijew it wish serenityt a it tmakes ts desperaite tod in t hg msidlt of ta usele'ss wyrathi we arte ceumipelled to ac: kniowledge the cause of otr present hums liasinig situsations. A handie ti itnsukl a na- I tiotn; which niation has this day the ele metnts to place it in lie foremost ranik of those dliscoveredl by Christopher Colum- t bus. Who on mtaking such a reflection, u is riot saddenedl ? is nots euragned ? is not ashamed ?-or whto is not warmed witha the fire of pa~triotisma to punish such I, temerity 1 The 'Diario del Geobierno Mexico, con taints a piroclamlationl to the following effect: That the .5th regimtent oif inifanitrr is ex- i ingniishedl for ever, for their itifamous de-d feetieon on the 15th of Jnly. Another regi 1 meat. who took part iti the revoluitioti, arev served the same wvay. [This is Almomse's i way oif restoring the Cotistitution of '24. Buleetin. Ravages of thse Small Por.-A letter from Sotuth Aerica received in Newbn ryport, states that the Small Pox hiad dlen. olat ed the city of Paniama, the population a having been reduced by it from upwards of 20.000 to less than one half. Alimosta every family ini she city hadl suffered by i. C and the inhlabitants hadl no knowledge ofd ..ny ,nea n to sta its progress. s EDGEFIELD C. 11. TaHURSDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1840. "a. that Ohwn a oest."-Tbe Court of Com. nt Pleas will soon be in session at this place, aind during that time, a most favorable opporturilty will lie. rersented to numbers or our delinquent subscribers, of paying their ar. rearages either in person, or sending the money bty their friends.. We intreat them not to neg. lect it. Siabscribeie may also forward remit lances by mail, at our risk. If may moey thus sent, should'be lost, all thai we woul re quire would be a certificate frtn the Post MaW ter, with whom it was deposited, shbwing that it was forwarded. On next Mionday and 'Tuesday, the General Elections will take ptnle in dis State. It is well known that the small number composing die Harrison party in South Carolina, are ung every exertion to elect their candidates. Thee it is conceded that the Democratic party has an overwhelming majority amongst as, still it be. comes its members to be active and vigilant. We should not slumber onour posts, lest we be surprised by the enemy. Let not a Democrat ic vote be lost. It becomes every voter in our* ranks, to march to the polls, and cast Isis '. - frage in favor of our candidates and our dea; ly cherished principles. Much of our paper for some time pas, 'as been devoted tit politics, to the exclusion of miscellaneous and other matter which might probably, have been of more interest to a por. tion of our readers. The Presidential election is the all absorbing question in our country, and has taken precedence of every thing else. Thin should be so. when we consider the prin' ciples which are involved in it. In common with,the other pw-ers in the State, our paper has contained much on this question. It was. our duty to present to our readers, the political vime'v or th1e twee great parties ofthe Union, in orsier that they sho-i d indee for themselves. and? itOin wiichever they t!onght proper. Wethink hat our readers are now pretty well acquaint. ad with the opinions of Van Buren and Hari son, and that the necessity of publishing agrear wl more about either, no longer exists. Here after, at least until the Pession of Congress, we will endeavor to make our sheet more miscei, laneons. ' - Our renders will find in our columns to-dky, a number of highly is teresting letters, wAien by distinguished gentlemen who were invibd to the dinner, which was given in Abbeville District, to our Representative, the Hon. F. W. Pickens. These letters generally, breathe a lonfy and independent spirit which commands onr approbation. They will doubtless, be red with that deep attention, which they so well de serve. We have received a commnnication. signed "Plain Truth" in reply to "Philo Plain Truth." It is marked by a spirit and intemperance of' language. which render it unsuitable for our columns. We regret the necessity of excluding~ it, as we are unwilling to appear to proscribe, a correspondent who belongs to a party ad verse to ours, and in the minority in our State. If the author will recast it. and employ more decorons language, we will still give it a place. Thme wvriter's tirade against the personal char. icter of Mr. Van Buiren and others, in such that, wec cannot nppro've. We desire no better evi ienceuof the weakness of a cause, than when.a wrriter resorts to this.. It should Le remembered lhnt p'rsonal abuse, is not argument. We have sever ourselves, made charres against thre pri ,'at- character of General Harrison, though we. inve materials enough, if we would ase them. W~e cannot therefore, allowv our correspond. nt :o bring forwvard personal accusations not sub tantiated lay proof, against Mir.Van Boren. 4 public jaurnal should not be made the medi uin of disseminating violent invectives against ndividuals. We must confess, that we hace liven some of our correspondents too much. atitude, but we will not permit this again. We publish to-day, the conclusion of the 'Tippecanne Text hook" to which we invite peciasl attentiona. It will be seen, that General -larrison has expressed "nll sorts" of opinions. mn the name subjects. Truly, he is like a rain, w;n lhe is a man of many hues; or like the 'haameleon-heo can change his color at any. mie, or like the characetr described by the oct Dryden, "A man so various that he seined to be Not one but all mankind's epitome, And in the course of one revolving moon, He's fidler. chymist and buffoon." neral Harrison hns doubtless read, that it is christian virtue to be "all things to all men." i a certain) sense. He thiniks that this is also, virtue in politics. Ihence his efiforis to please il parties. Hence hie exparession of opinions erfectly c'o.trary to each other, to suit the .eterogenaeous anultitudle which compose his arty. Betting oni the Presidential election, appears a be carried on tea a great, extent in some see ions of our country. We frequently see in the inpers. large bets offered byeeditors or others, a the election. We believe thsat 'ihe Whigp ave been particularly active in trying tosmake ets. The practice of betting on elections, e'hether engaged in by Whigs or Democrats, highly reprehensible. W~e cannot but repu inte it, and we hope that the members of oue. arty will abstain from it. From thesubjoined rhicha we copy from the New York New Era, appe-ars that in the city of New York, even' e Hlarrison negroes have bantered the poor rhite Demnocrats to bet wvith them! -.It is miortifying enough to the poor but uinest Deinocrats to be insulted by the ,hite portioni of the Whigs ivho live ina tately palaces, importuninig them to bet 'hen they know thiat but few among us re able to do so, but whein money is pla ed in the hands of impmudent and -degra eJ negroes, it is an) itndigniity etitirely in. ufierable, and when we arc morally ccr.