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"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Libert*es, and if it must fal, we will Perish amnidat the RUine.1
Vo LIM E V. Edge1Xhe. Urt Roeuse, S. U., october 15, 1840. .37. -EDGEFIELD ADVEERTISERt, BY W. F. DURISOE, PlOPRIETOR. TE R M S. Three Dollars per annum, if paid in advance-Three Dollars nod Fifly Cents 'fhot"paid before the expiration of Six Months from the date of Subscription 4nd Four Dollars if not paid withi il welve Months. Subscribers out of the State are .required to pay in advance. No subscription received for less than .one year, and no paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid, except at the op tion of the Publisher. All subscriptions will be continued -un less otherwise ordered before the expira tion of the year. Any person procuring five Subscribers :and becoming responsible for the same, shall receive the sixth copy gratis. Advertisements conspicuously inserted at 62& cents per square, (12 lines, or less,) for the first insertion, and 431 ets. for each continuance. Those published monthly. or quarterly will be charged $1 per square for each insertion. Advertisements not having the number of insertions marked 'on them, will be continued until ordered 'out, and charged accordingly. All communications add'ressed to the Editor, post paid, will be promptly and -etrictly attended to. List of Letters R EMAINING in the Post Office at Edgefield C. House, S. C. on the 1st of October 1840. B K Bteitbaupt, Tru'd. Kemp, Mrs. Mary Bradley, Mr. (Stono L Mason) Littletou, Wm. Berry, Jefferson Lindsey, John -Boothe. James Ltque, Ellen -Bailey, Margretta Luthrenger, A Brook, Robert Locue, Elsey 2 Barrenton, Elisha Lagroun, Elias Boyd, Edw. or Jno.2Lipsconb, John -Bradford, Robert M Butler, Thomas J. Martin, Mrs. Jane Butler, George.L. 2 McClendon, Briton Bacon, Thos. .a Alitchell, Caroline -Brazier, Charlotte McMillan.Mrc.M A 2 Blaylock, Rosela McRobinson, Jus, 2 Bland. Ethelbert C.Macarty, Thomas C Monday, Mrs. Eliz. Valbreath. Wade McDutfiellon. Geo. 2 Oem 'rs. of Poor Moore, Samuel Crain, Lucretia Murrel, Wnt. A. Curry, John N Clark, Katharine II.Nichohlor, Miss Eliz. Clayton, Rev. T. G. 0 Coleman. Mrs. AunOwer, Mr, Win. 'Curvar, John P D Phenix, Drury Doby John E. Perry, E. M. Dinkins, Elbert R Dinkins, John Jr. Robertson, Capt. W. E Reynolds. Michel Ethredee Jos. J. Rodgers, John Elwell Albert N. Rearden, John A. .Eidson Mrs. Martha S F Shaver, Rebecca Field. Richard J. Satcher, Samuel Faulkner, James or Satcher, Amrns Amos, Somyley, John S. Fuller, R. IM. Situmons J. Ward G Smith, Stephen Grice, Wilson Swearingen, Moses Gallman, Mrs. F. Seibles. Tho,. J. Gregg, Maxcy Esq. 2Searls, Pleasant Gaunt, W. Esq. ' Glascock, Thus. 0. Tillman, Mrs. T. 11 Taylor, Wim. Harrison, Mrs. MaryTennant Dr. G. Harris Moses Jr. V Marrison, Mrs. JudyVaun, Win. Mill, Otla Vaun, Henry larrison, J. 1, 2 I Holloway Gee. HI. Wells, ilarris & Son HIarrison' Henry Wigfall Col. L. T. 7 H~odge, Mrs. Eiiz. Wightman, Mrs. Harden, Mrs. Watkins, Rev. Z. Harris, Moses Williamtrs, Peter Harden, Wim. C. WVhitlock, Geo. Hlawes, lease Wallis, Mrs. Betsey Hightower, Mrs. M.& Pickens.Mrs. I? W Hawkins, Riched. G.W laker, Mrs. 31. A. liatcher, Ed ward or Williams, G. J. Johnsont JamI. Those who ap~ply for letters contained in the above list, will please say they are advertised. B. A. WALLA CE, P. M. Oct. 1. 1840 (J:20t) e 35 State of South Carolina. EDGEFIELD DISTRICT. yohn S. Allen and wvife,) vs Mary A. Simmnone, Partition. Eliz'th Simmons, and others) NOTICE is hereby givena that by virtue of an order from the Court of Chancery, I shalL offer for sale to the highest bidder, at fEdge field Court IHouse, on the firat Monday in No vemaber next, the real estate of Lewis Sinnntons deceased, containing nine hundred acres. (900) were or less. lying in the District of Edgefield oni bard labor Creek, waters of Stevens Creek, .and Savannah rivct, adjuinitng lands ofl Wadle S. Cothran, Thos. J. Ilibbler, A. Tr. Traylor and John F. Pilot. (On the premises are a large well fintished dwvelling house smitable 'for a house of entertain ment, situated immediately on the stage road leading fromi Edgelield toAb bevillo Cuurt House, and all necessary out. buildinegs. It has long been kept as a house of entertainent, aned is known to travellers as the 'eWinter-seat place." It will be sold ont a credit of one, two and three years, excepet so mutch as maiy be necessaty to paiy the coests. which nmust be paid in cash. Thle putreteer to give bond and personah security, anid a meort gage of the promises to seecrre the purchatse mone.J. T ERitY, C. E. E. D. Commui~sioner's Offce. Edgefld, Oct. 0,1840 $5 81 dI 36 The Charleston Mercury will pleasa give the above three insertions and forwarditr account to ,his otlice before the day of sale. State of South Carolina. F.nt Fh"LD DISTRICT. Y OLIVER TOWLES. Esquire, Ordi J1Dia'ry of Edgetield Distridt. Whereas, A. T. Traylor, hath applied to mi for Letters of Adniiiristration, oit all asu siniifar the goods and chattes, rights asi credits orfMarinnuiAdans lateofth-dDistrictafor s-iid, decased. These are, therefbre, to cite and admonish al ani singular, the kindred and creditors of th said deceased. to be and appear before me, i our next Ordiniarv's Court for the said District to be holden at Cdeetield Court Ionse on thi 19thdav of October, to show canse ifany, wh) the said Administration shouki not he granted Given under tmy hand and seal this 5th da) of October. one thousand eight hundred not forty, aid in the sixty-fifth year of Ancrican in dependence 0. TOWLES, 0. E. D. Oct.5, 1840 ($2 124) b 36 Augusta Fenale Seminary. 1IE duties of this SEAM INA RY will be reuinmed oi or about the 15th of October, by Mns. H. L. MoisE, a.isitd by comtpeteut antJ ellicient Teachers. All the braiches of a con plete ENG.isn EDUCATION will betaught. Alsc FRE NciH and other L.U;GUAGs; VOCAL. and Is. STRUMENTAL Music, and DRtaw.N and PAINr. iNG in all their branches. TuitS, pr. qr. of 3 mos, For Englih-firom $3 to $15.0c French and other Laigiuages, I10,00 I Music on the Piano, 20,00 " "Guitar, 10,00 Drawing and l'ainitng, 1, " arding & Lcdgig, glights & fuel. 50.00 A Ilimited number of young ladies calt be confortahly accommodated in the imnediate family ofrars. Moise, whose attention will be devoted to their morals ard deportment. A ugusta, Geor. Sept. 22, 1840. e 35 The Edgefield Advertiser, will insert the above three times and forward bill.- Constitrtionalist. FOR SALE. ( If applied for before the jirst of November next.) A VALUABLE PLANTATION, on Sit vatamb River, in Edgetield Disttiet, S. L'arollint, on both sides of the road, which led to he-New Bridge, and withini less than a mile >f Hamburg, containing de acres. of which a arge portion is fertile low groiunds, and ont vhtich there are a Grist Mill, a Brickyard, and >tber useful improveineits. A Wi-..n -...* will lie . ;-- on most of the mirchase money. A Iply to JON Al'I A N Ig ras. or to J & W. H, A 9fE. Augusta. September 15, 1840 e 34 The Edgefield Advertiser, and Clairlesion :ottrier, will pleien insert the above three times veekly and forward their accouu. to this oilice. -Augusa Chron. & Sen. . Boy aid Mule--425 Reward. H HE Subscriber seit his Negro Fellow MARSH, on a smuall BAY MARE ILE, about three years (lid on the 30th day if the last month, wihi a Tricket. in search of brown hay potney. The said Negro Fellow s five feet three incIes high, with an irou on uis leg; about 5 years of age. and had on a due dress coat. nod blue Jean Pantaloons, with vhite hat, and as lie has not yet returned. I am ijppreliensive thnt lie has run away. A reward if 25 dollars will le paid for the delivery of lh said Boy and ille to me at Orangeburg S. C.. or for the lodging of himl in any Jail in this State. and takisr care of the Mole. 'I'he last I heard of said Fellow, lie was at Ly birant's.Lesington District. ' J. J. ANDREWS. The Edgefield Advertiser and Augusta Con stitutionalist will please publish the above four times weekly, each. and send their acentuts im. nediately, to this Office.-South Carolinian. Kentucky Jeans and Brown Shirtings. M' Piec.s Kentucky Jearis (of a fine 5 0 q iality and for sale at low prices.) Several Bales of 3-4 and 4- Brown Shirt. ings and Slietings, Also.a great variety of Fancy Goods, comprising Ribbons of all kinds, Ladies' colored Kid and Ettibroidered LaCE Gloves arid Mitz, Gentlenmen's hIos-Kini do Cassimaere Shawls, Dress H andkerchiefs. Veils, & c. &ec. Received by latest arrivals. and for sale at th<n Store of J. 0. B. FOR D. H ambutrg, S. C. Sept. 9, 1840 tf 33 NOTICEI. RA NAWAY fromi 'he Suibscribter, on Mon .I~.day the 14th ints., may A pprentice, Rober Adanms. I do hereby otlfer a reward of 6.j ets to anay person that wvill brinig samid Adanmsto mec anrd I frther forwarn arty person from tradling wvith said Robert Adams, as I will not be re sponisible for arty of his contracts. WILLIAM WVATKINS. 10 miles east of Edgefteld Se pt 26, 1840 e 3 The A uguista Constit uttionalist will pleasi give te above three inteertionrs aind forward it: a:ccounrt to this office. LAST NOTE~io. A ,LL Persons inidebted to the Estate of Jas Smyly, deceased, either biy note or arc coutnt, mte earnestly and lastly rcegnesuedl t mrake immiiediate paymsent. if they wvish ts save the expenise of cost, as it is a matter o importance with me to bring the business to close. This being rte hitst notice I irtend t< give, you may do well tozattend to. it. JOHN S. SMYLY. Sept. 17, 1840 tac :34 N. hB. [ wvoruld also state that after the firs of October next. I will not take any Georgit money without the customaiury rate of discount J. S.S8. OO Pieces Fanrcy Prinits, Al'o, English ansd French extr supeir do (new~ a'ndl beauutiful styles, Lawns, Muslins, Listen Shecetings, Irish Liniess, Vestintg, Ilosiery, &ec. Emsbroidevred arid Printed Mtislini de Lrtines Also-colored Silks, (Phliin and Figured). Also-1 Case Gentlemien's Silk Umtbrellas. Received by latest arrivals, andI for sale itt thi Stoie of J. 0. D. FOR D. Ilamnurr. Sept 9, 1810. if .r3 Miscellaneous CARRYING CONCEALED WEAPONS. When Cxsar was advised by his friends to be wore cautious of security of his per son, anal not to walk among the people without arms or any one to defend him, lhe always replied to the admonitions, I"He that lives in fear of death every mo ment feels its tortures-I will die but once." Why, brave men-citizens whose duty it is to cultivuia 'the arts ef peace, should go habitually armed, making an arsenal of their persoie, has always appeared to us in an inscrutable mystery-we could never divine it. . We see but two horns to the dilemna-sch a man is momentari ly afraid of his own life, and his mind is therefore eternally on the rack, or, lie but pants fur an opportunity to act the assas sin, and therefore little better than a fiedd in human form, to bb dispised by tl:e truly brave man and abhorred by the man governed by religion; principles. It is not characteristic of brave nations to carry concealed weapons, nor is it, so far as our observation has extended, indicative of brave men. Concealed weapons are the insignia of the footpad, the burglar and tho.tercenary bravo, and by the mai un conscious of w roor and femrlcs% of danger they never should .. n orn. The South is accounted chivalrous, truly chivn-oua. aind well has site earned that prou, jistinetion. 11er sons never faultered sn the charge, nor retreated be fore the enemy. but were always first to to battle for their rights--last to lay down their arms wl-ile these rights were with. held from them. Now thu quesion South rons should ask themselves is, "Will the habit of incessantly carrying conceiled weapons preserve to us that brave and chivalrous character which we have gained in many a %%ell fought field; or rat her, is it not calettlated to sink us down to the level of Spanish brigands or piratical assas sin?" To this la-t interrogatory the brea.,t of every American mtust beat a re sponsive yes We do hope to see the time when every tnan who carries concealed iiitm l Awtin the derra see the potential voice ofthlll publicopinlion frown the system down, for -it is more hotored in the breach than in the observ ance;" and with Cwsar we believe that "he who lives in fear ol'death every mo meut feels its toirtures."-N. 0. Pic. THE EIlUTLI COMMlANDMENT. The eighth conmitndment is the law of love in respect ofproperty. The prodnctions of the earth are obtained andl prepared for use by labor: this gives property, and that justly descends to the ower's poster itv, or heir. From thi., and similar causes, comibining their elfcts for ages, originates the ditrerences in men'scoward circutm stances. That portion, which ive honiest ly obtain is the bread that God liath given us atl with this we should be satisfied. But men's passions crave more, and sloth refuses tolabor; hence force and fliaud arc employed to gel posession of the proper tv ofothers, without their free consent. We need not enumtierale those violations, of which human laws take cognizance; tiut men way in various ways break the Divine law, and yet escape .pre:,ent pun ishient. Fraudulent bargains which im pose o-i the ignorant. credtulot.s, or necessi tons, abse of confidence extortion, ex horhitant gain, deceitful combinations to enhance the price of goods or labor, or to lower the wages of t he poor, will he con demned at God's tribunal ai violations of this command. The overgrown ravagers of nations andl provinces will tie adjudged a principal thiefand robber wvithtout any other distinctiotn. Defraudingf the public (whether by oppressive rtulers, who burden the peopile with mereiless exactions; or by thtose whto embezzletd the treasures, comt nitted to their stewardship; or by smug gling, and in various other ways evading the paytment of taxes, constittuto a mtost atrociotts tratnsgression of this law. Con tracting debts to support vanity andl hixtu ror in pursuit of some scheme of ag grandizement withottt a fair prospect of payinig; taking advantage of human laws to evade payment whtetn the insolvents would he again able to paay, were they cointented with a frugal maintainance; all extravagance; antd slothfulness or unneces sarya subsistence upon charity, are viola tions5 ofit in differet ways. Nay, to with hold from real objects of compassion pro per belief; or to reduce the wvages of the poor so low as hardly to allow them a suabsistence, in order that moan may live itt affluience atnd enrich their families, by no means consists with its evident demands. In short, the spirit of it, prohibits inordin ate love of the world. covemousuess, luxu ry, andl the pride of life; anti requires itn dntstry, frugality', sobriety, subm~aission to provitdence, and disposition "to do to all others," in respect of wordly property, "as we would they should do unto us."-Dr Scott. Federal confidence put to the test .-T f t he Oppositi is reailly so sanguine of success as it pretends to be, why dloes not its can didate resign his clerkship ? Why aloes the Whtig hero hold( otn to his lucrative sinectnre office? A bird in the haud is worth two in the bush.-Globe. The Methuetn Gazette propounds the fol lowinig mathematical question: "if at man is too proor to pay for a news paper, how mnany dogs can he afford to keep." BRIEF DISCOURSE. Tert.-"There is a way that seemeth right to a inan, but the end therecof," &c. We hope it %'ill not be decmed sacrile gious to quote here this sublime precaution from Oracles of divine Truth, as a text to discourse froin in the manner which fol laws, although in nid of subjects of some wha't a iiidlar nature, appertaining how ever to*iortality. It mny, seem right to a man-to neglect payitig his debts for the sake of lending or specnlating upon his inoney, but the end thereof is-n bad -paymaster. It may seem right to a man-to live be yond his income, but the end thereof is wretchedness and poverty. It may seem rieit to a man-to attempt to live upon the fashion of tle timeg, but the end thereof is-digusting to all sensi ble folks, 6nd ruinous to'healih, reputation atnd property. It may seem right to a man-to attemp: to obtain a livelihood without industry and economy, but the end thereof is-hunger and rags. It may seem right to a nian-to keep constautly horrowing of his neighbors, aid never willing, to lend, but the end thereof is-very cross neighbors. Itinay secti righr ton man-to e ial ways truinpeting hi own fame, but the end thercof is-is fanc don't extend ve ry far. It may seem right to a man-to trouble himselfvery mnch about hi., neiglibor's business, but the end thereofis-great ie, igenco of his own. It may seem right to a man-to be con itantly slandering his neighboi'., bit the mnd thcreof is-nobody believes any ihing le says. It iay seem right to a mani-t, indulge is children in every thin, lut thie end hereofis-his children will indulge thetm elves in dishonoring him. It mity seem right to a itan-to put oft tvery thing which ought to be done to-dinv mntil to morrow, but the edi thereof is inch things are not done at all. It inayseen right to a man-to attempt densine every body, but the end thereof s-he pleases nobody. ft may seem right to a mai-to excel 't.qeighhors in extravn!!ance and luxury, otty4ldl thefrof is-he excels them in It may seem rignt toamn- .... - iewspapers, bit the end thereof is-thai nan and his family are totally ignorunt ol he ordfinany occurrences or the (lay. It may seem right to a man-to obtain is news by borrowing nn stealing of hi ieighbors. but the end thereof is-nnoy tace to his neighbors and fraud upon the yrinter. Itmay seem right to a man-to pay ,very body beforo lie pay; the Printer and he Minister, but the end thereoif is-lie ays the most needy last, if he pays them it all. It may seem right to a Tuan-to worship thq creature more than the Creator, bui he end thereof is-an idolator. It inayseem right to a man-to he inces mamly occupied in hoarding up the treasures 'f this world, but tihe end thereof is-lie ias none in the world to come. It may seem right to us-to further ex tend this discourse, at the expense of tihe patieneo of the reader, but the cii t!:ereof is-here. Philanthropy.-It is a qutestion worthy ifthe consideration of the Chrisiiari,whieth er the enlardecl elTorts of evan:ielicnl be nevolence do not in some instances absorb the currents of private charity. Attention to the souls of men is t ndotthtedly tie first duty ; bit the beauty of the Christian char neter consists in developina in due propor tion all the graces andi virtues of a sancti fied nature. Is it not to be fearetd, gliat a man may give hundlreds to a public insti tution, organized for the best ptossilhe plur poses; atnd shut tip his howe-ls towards~ some inidigent andl deser-vinig brother ? A word of tadmonitioii at times upon sueh subjects, rrigbct riot he unsnitable for the dlesk aof thle pulpit. Not tht our cont ribti tions to benevolentt soncieties shmoul lie di minished, lhii that our Chlristian pr-inc-iphes shonld he d isplayed atlso ini reliev-ing pri vate want, mi attenltioni to the btodies its well as to the sotik of men. We htava- been inehcl grat ifiedi in not icing the bate kitnd ness of the Newfoindle-rs to the surviving crew anid passenugers oif the wrecked A mnerican br-ig, Florence. Fifiy- of their original nitmtbers had per-ishted in lie wna ters. The othiers, after wandering five days in the woods. discovered humnani habti tations, n~ immiiediately received every attention whch hospitality coould suggest. rThey w~ere transported to Sr. .fohmns, w-here they wver- clothed and fed ; a ship wa.-s chartered to convey item to this por-t, and seven hundred dollars conar buted for- their expenses, the surplus to be distribtuted a moong themi. Sneh instatnces of humani ty speak to the heair, anti be-gtnr cottmtent. The passengjers saved wvere 29 in numt ber, anid were all Germans, incapable of speaking a word of English. A stranger havitng entered the nppart meiii where the Emperor Napolennt was shaving himself, when in a little town in Italy, lie said, "I want to see yotur great emperor-what are you to him ?" The Emperor replied, "1 shave him. Beware of the man " ho habirtually bor rows your ne wspaper, when he is able to subscribe for and pay for one himself. Ho wvill borrowv your shirt or your tooth-butsh nexTI. From the f'ashington Newes. LARGE CORN CROP. We publish the billowing, front William Stone, Esq., of this place, with great pileasure. We think the crop described, can hardly be heaten; If any of our far ming 1iwnds know ofa plan by which As Much or more corn'can be raised, on the exhausted lands ofthis, anil the neighbor iog counties, they will do us and the com munity a favor, by h-itingi us into the se cret. Curmunications on agricultural stiljects, we always gladly publish; and we regret tht those who have practical knowledge of agriculture, do not oflener send us the results of their experiments. ..Washington, Sept. 15. 1810. "Ma. COTTI .-"Dear Sir:-The followiig experiment, and-unparalleled production ofsixteen harrels, three pecks, and four quarts of corn, made upon one acre of poor land, ivithout any manure, save that of leaves, induces me to offer you this for- publication. The following was the )rocess. "The l:nl was hroken tip in November, and Ilbrown into broad flat ridges, two feet wide, and six feet apart. It lay in that situation until tire middle of March, we then r'en a furrow, with a small rooter, in the middle of the flat ridge. and a sim'i .1a On, On each side of ib middle furrow. nine inches from it-making three rooter turrows on each flat rid;e-and dropped the corn in each roter inrrow, double the (pintiy we in teuded to let statnil. Wihen brought to a sian :, our inteitiorn was to leave the stalks three feet apart in ench furrow, which would give about eiaht thousand five humdred stalkq to the acre. When the crn was np. thinned. and had I rhtained he heigt f six inches, we pt' rm n coat of leaves, abow ibhree or four in L-hes ibick, covering the flat ridge all over ;itd around the corn; then plouglted and hoed it. coveritng the leaves with soil. In ribout twelve days. we repeated a similar process-laid. the corn by some time in May, and then covered the'ground all over, Jetween the rows, about six inches deep, with leaves, which were put on and cov ,red while wet. in order that the ground iight retiin its moisture, to pre-;ent the :rp from firing. "The rows were 80 by 62 yards, making 9 double rows. 80 yards load. We gath Middle; tlhv ire rows prod(eht eis in fihe ears, which shelled out six bush 0ls one and a half pecks. A short calcula tion vill show that, as the three rows pro duced six btishels and ihrreeights of a bush #I, the whole product of)the :39 rows was eightv-iwo-bushels, three pecks, and four quarts for about an aere. The corn being so thick, might have fired in a dry season, and iinquestilonably wotd, if not protected by the leave<. "Your's respecefutlly, "WM. STONE" TcConikur on Heat.-No individual living; has maide as many experiments wi:i wheat, has done as mauch to determine the goalities and worth of the many varie ties oft h is plant, or las so well shown its habits, and the soil required for its produe tion in perfection, ns Le Conteur, of the Isle uf Jersey. IMs essay on the <everal topics ceunected with the manngemielit of the wheat crop, is of great value to the practical as well as scientific farmer, as some of the many results he arrived at, in the course of his investigations. Hie says: "It is perfectly trite, however we may :aceount for it, that oll plats become tired of one soil, and one manure. They like the hituman rare, have their appetites and loathings, and] a person that would be finced constantly to eat the same kind of food, would not only infallibly sicken of it, but would most likely suieor in his, health. So ii is with the cultivation of wvheat, or nny other platnt. The best cultivator of Lucerne I have over known,, whlose prac tiee extcnded' over forty years experience, nssured mec that until he adopted the mode of giving the plant fresh food yearly, he was never uhle to miake it prodneie as lie has since douc. One year it was dlressbd withi decomnpo-ed manure; the next with shtes; the third with salt; and the fomrth, with lime. I have applied this principle, and this system, to whent. That which is grown (in land manured from the mix ion oir duing hentp one ye.ur, hecomes seed for land pi epared with lime ; that again biecomes seed for land~ dressed wvith ashes; then fur land dressed with mixed manuittres, and so on. Vary the food or stimulants of the wheat plant as tauch as possible. giv in: a good variety of every chance of find-. ing a new soil ott each occasion or sdwing." Mianumr.-The rivers, the salt marshes, and the sea are prolific in the materials of fertility. Their vogetables their mud, and their fish ate all convertible into the fuood of farmt crops. From thme materia;ls ahendy enutmera ted gr-eat fertility has he-n imparted to fatrms which had been worn out by bad husbandu'ry. On mentionint to a visiter from Souuth Carolina, Mr. Crow ell, the other day-, that I hai visited a farm upon Staten Island, illr. Seeley's, wh'ere the prophrietor, besides nianuring well his crops (ftie seasoni, had accumulated a surplus of 2,5,0100 loads of excellent comnpost, from the cattle yards, thq swamps, and the sea, within his ju ristdiction, my visitor reimatk edl, that he had almost equalled that him self, for he had actually applied to his plantation, during the year, 20,000 loads of like compost, with thme addition of suchb materials as te cotton crops alirded. Mr. Crowvell is a large planter. He enki.L vnted. thir. yae- two hundred aces of ea. islind cotton. When he first turned his ateintion to .mntmres, twelve years agd, he became, he told me, rather the butt of ridicule to his neighbors than the subject of commendation. His continuing the practice, and his increasing outlay upon it, is a sofficienr evidenice that he linus it profitable; while his neighbors are now giving the. alp.roval, by adopting its prac tice.-Judge Buel's Address. How to preserve Fruit.-We have been informved by a gentleman who had prac'. tical proof nf its success, of a new mode of keeping fruit fresh for the table, as grapes, plums, &c., a long tiie after they have beep gathered. It is simply to alternate them in lMyers wiih cotton batting in clean s:oie jars, and place them in a chamber securo firoin frost. The discovery was accidental. A servant in the family of Win. Morey, of Unioi Village, Washing toil county, about to visit her friends, se cured a quantity of plumbs in this way, lo preserve them till her return. They were found to have kept in an excellent condition. long after this fruit had disap peared in the garden. From the hint thus i'torderl,.Mr. Morey, Mr. Holmes and ene rr two neghhors :,id dow n grapes in Ibis vanner -sit fall, and they enjoyed the lux vy of fine flavored fruit, ibrouah the win 0r, i the early part of March.-Buel' Cul:itator. IHungary.-The Hungarian Diet has :ioncl its sittings, after voting 38,000 roops for ten yearsservice, and the usual tnnual subsidy. Several important acts 'lave b-ein passed, particilarly one for the idvaninge of trade Commercial tribunals ire to be established in nine-of the princi mil towns, with a court of appeal at Peih, td these will alTord to the merchant as peedy and certain justice as lie can ob ain in other parts of Austria: thus one of he great difficulties which now inirfere vith commercial transactions between for igner and Hungarian merchants is in a air way of beicg obviated. A great ima >rovetuent has been effected in the iondi ion of thepeasauts. They are now al Dwed to free their land fur ever frotn all ervices to their landlords otn payment of a um of money-in fact, to .become land wners, a privilege hitherto reserved cxcl'd ively to the nobles, and to have theirland ecome iliipos4a 11 e -r ialf a million of families Iave been raseu n the social scale. They are no lotgel iable to arbitrary punishments, and can iot be imprisoned except oti conviction :efore the proper authorities. It has been decreed that in mixed marriages all he children shall follow the religion of heir fal her, and in case of refusal by the ulergy of aiy denomination to perform the nuptial ceremony, marringe by one re ligion is to be held suflicient and binding on both parties. The obstacles formerly xisting to a charge ofreligion are removed. It is now necen;ary merely to go before lhe civil authorities, to whom a statement if the reasons for the change is made, and the royal assent is obtained. Conces sions have been tmalo in favor of t he Jews, hmt the hill, which had passed both tables oftlie Diet, fur placing them on an equali tv with other subebts, not noble, has been refused the toyal assent A cnmnissioti isframed for the revision of the criminal laws. 4rrangements are making also for a re-distribution of the land in farms. Yankees.-It takes the Yankees to d' up a thing or two. They can raise a pum kin a little bigger than any body else. Ats Ipple from a Yankee tree wll produce a little more hard cider than one from any r.her. A Yankee cow can chake offthe fruit with her Itrns from a quince tree bect ter than a cow tnot of Yankee origin, and can eat it up "when shaken." One Yani.. kee. makes $2000 a year by the tmanufac ture olshaiving boxes, to assist in theopera tion of scraping the countenatnces of soujthern gentlemen. Atother, grows a watermelon as big as a Itushel. So on, from a shaving box to a ship ; from woo decn nutmegs to leadea bullets ; lrotm ma king penny whistles to making fortresses. The Yankee always wants to go ahead. lie will whittle out a cli ek from cedar, shingles, with his penknife, or a ship for ae three year's voyage to she Pacific, bobbing for whales; all the same to him, provided he can go ahead. Whetn lie has returned with a full cargo of oil, we may perchance next hear of him driving a teatm of cattle, commanding a company of militia at a trainitng, teaching a sebool. mnking horse shoes and hob-nails a' a hlacksmithi's forge, huilding mille, weaving stockings, making mouse traps, or getting up a comlpaniy to emigrate to the W~est, to settle. Such are Yankee perseverance and Yankee enter prize. -Would that the inhabirants of~ the wvhole country.itndeed of the whole worlId; were Yankees. We shnuld then have nothing but activty, enterprize. and go-a hoad-activeness, and the name of loafer. would be banished froma the vocabulary of the present dialoct. Olnirneys.-It is said tliat if a chimney whetn built is plastered with mortar welf tixed wvith salt, it will never need to be swept, as in damp. weather the salt will melt, and the soot fall down.' The Hon. Anaos' LAWRENfCE, Repre sontative itn Congress from Bosrot, has resignedhis seat on accountof ill health. The Hon. R ICE GARANDat of Louisiana has also left Congress-for a Judgesip tre believe.