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Edgefield advertiser. [volume] (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, April 01, 1841, Image 2

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Among the western members of. Cot
grass there are many men, whose histor
would be as interesting as romance. .Ms
ny of them are men who have endure
poverty and hardship, in the most appal
ling forms, but an indomitable energy ha
carried them through it alL One of thes
members, Mr. Casey, of Illinois, has bee
more frequently than any other membe
in the present Congress,called to the Chai
when the House hasgone into Committe
of the Whole. A.correspondent of th
Lowell Courier, gives the following sketc
of this gentleman:
"Mr. Casey was born in Georgia. an
raised in Tennessee. At the age of 17, i
married. One year afterwards, with
small fanify consisting of a wife and on
child, while Illinois was a territory, he si
forth, with all he had or goods and chal
tels, stowed in a pack about as big as
two bushel basket, his wife by his side, hi
child in her arms, his pack on his back, an
on his lips these words ;-"Come, wife,
have forty-seven dollars in cash, and
stout heart; don't you be down in th
mouth, for I am going to be somebody.
.Twenty-three years ago he landed in th
forest of Illinois, where he now resides.
He settled in Jefferson County, about hal
way between the Ohio and Mississippi nv
ers. There were then but five familic
within five miles of him. St. Louis, on
hundred miles distant, was the neare
village where there was a store. Witl
his own hands he built his Log Cabin, ani
in the sweat ofhis brow provided the where
with to feed and clothe himself and family
Twenty-three years have rolled away, du
ring which period the change of* the Stat
of Illinois has been as great as it has beei
in the condition of this early adventurer
He was first called to represent his neigh
bors in the Legislattare 18 years ago. U
then went into the Senate. lie was im
mediately called to preside over that body
which he continued to do for four years.
He was next Lient. Governor of that Stati
for four years, and after that he was cal
led to the station he now occupies eigh
years ago.
During the whole period of ei;.ht years
including one extra session of Congress
he has never been absent from the iousi
but a day and a half, and that was for thf
purpose of going to Now York, a journe3
which I (hoarding with him at the time
persuaded him to make for his health. Mr
Casey's influence in the House is equal t<
that of any other member. Corwin, o
Ohio, Profit of Indiana, Crary, of Michi
gan, and many other Western Member.
are like Mr. Casy, self made-mcn.
By the steamboat General Taylor, arri
ved yerterday morning from Florida, we
have received the subjoined letter from oui
Correspondence ofthe Savannah Rep::Wians.
FLoRIDA, March 13, 1841
Gentlemen.-In the first place I have it
inform you that the scape goats continned
to seek a shelter in General Armistead's
"city of refuge" Tampa Bay. Cosa Tus
tenuggee, the Chief whom the General suf
fered to return on a parole of honor, to hit
ceeded in opemng a communicaton witl
our most indomit able foe Coachoochee,wh<
has expressed a wish to hold a talk witil
two of the Arkan~sas Delegation whom ht
named, in relation to the promised land be
yond, not'Jordan, but the Misssissippi.
This was a step quite as important to ,th
termination of the Florida War, and ap
parently obtained with as much dilliculty
as the interview of the English authonitte
with his "Celestial liighness,'' during the
Opiutm War; but I reckan in this cas
Coacoochee will get the money.
Thirdly-Hos-pi-takee, a Southern Chic
has seat in two Warriors to Col. Daven
port at Sara-aota. I look upon this as
pretty important straw, showing whici
way the wind is blowing in that quarter.
Fourthly.-Hlalleok Tus-ie- nuggee,wit
about 100 Warriors, having beetn twic
whipped by Lient. Alburtis, of which I gay
yen the particulars, was trailed to his Catn
on the Ochlawvaha, eight miles Southc
- Fort Mackay by Captain Barnham, an
again whipped and routed with considerai
ble loss. Then came the sacking of thi
Camp, such a scramble you never saw.
There wrere bear-skins, coon-skins ati
deer-skins, pots, kettles, hoes, axes, msoc
casons and] beads. fresh dressed venston an
wild turkies, coonta, corn and bears oil, It
dIes, soplika-sifters, kneeding-Irays. &c
&sc. I got for mny shaurc a string of bend:
three soplika sieves, and a wooden spoo
big enough to feed Mir. Blair! A pon0
from which Lieu?. Alburtis' express wI
killed, together writh the clothing oft he e
* ~ press and that of Corporal Lang was reti
ketn. The frock coat worn by Lieut. She;
wood when killed, was also found amotng
the plunder. The body of a fallen WVarrio
probably mortally wounded by Lieut. A
burtis had just been buried. He was hou~
ever not "left alone in his glory," hut wt
disinterred and found to have received
musket shot in his breast.
Captain Barnham had a Sergeant Pea
son and Private Bower severely, the latte
I fear mortally wounded. Soon after ti
- engagemenit 'he wasjotned by Capta
Smith, 2d Infantry, and Lieut. Sibley, 2
Dragoons, each with a company, and 11
-dian Billy fot a guide, and they all s
-off' in pursuit. In the mean time Captai
Ker with his company of Dragoons, ht
taken the opposite side of the river, hopit
to have tihe game flushed and driven int
his hands.
g General Ttistenuggee will stand in nec
of all his skill to enable him to elude suc
a pursuit. I should! not be surprised if b
having been beaten three times itn as mari
days, should conclude he was doing a "Io
sing business, and take shelter under ti
olive branch at Tampa.
-Do you not regret asking me to wri
"more extensivly ?" Very truly yours.
' orrespontence of thea Savannah Republican.
" Pn.A-rKA, March 1d.-Capt. Ker,
Dragoons, a day or two since took twent;
one Indians with their chief, -Koxa Tu
~2.. tenneree.
Ttwenty old Indians came in a few days
ago at Fort'Fanning, and gavo them
selves up.
Wild Cat has been in at Tampa and
Y gone out to bring in his people, and letters
~ to night say that ninety men were sent out
on ihe 11th to escort ninety odd warriors
on.(heir way in.
About four hundred Indians are already
e at Tampa waiting to he shipped-in fact,
a every one writes that the war is over."
r Still Later from Florida.--By the steam
r er Gen. Taylor, Capt. Peck, the above
e intelligence is confirmed.
h Correspondence of de Charleston Courier.
\VASIGTON, March 15.
e The af'air between Mr. Clay and Mr.
a King has been kept open till now, though
e no one supposed that it wonuld end other
wise than peacefully. It was announced
. in the Globe, on Friday evening last, that
a the matter was to he settled in such a way
s " as to leave no regrets on either side."
This was fortunately the event of the
difficulty. Mr. Preston, this morning, af
ter the Senate opened, made a statement
to the effect that the difficulty had arisen
from a misapprehension-that he was sat
isfied there was no intention on the part of
. Mr. King to insult Mr. Clay, &c.
r M r. Clay, after some remarks, retracted
. what he had said, and Mr. King disclaim
s ed any intention to insultor disparage Mr.
Clay. Mr. Clay advanced and met Mr.
King, and as they shook hands, a tremen
dous applause arose from the galleries and
The Senate went into executive busi.
ness, and confirmed several Constilship3.
No very impnortant nominations were sert
in. The Senate sent a message to the
President, informing him that they had
acted on all the husinies helbre them, and
the President, in reply, stated that he had 1
no further communication to manke, and I
that lie wished the Senators a safe return
to theirfamilies.
As to the subject of removals and ap
pointments, you may be assured that few
will be made until the new administration
have become more familiar with their pla
ces; and that after all, there will lie very
little proscription. Harrison's mission is
to expel the demon of party spirit.
We know just nothing at all in regard
to the present state of the negotiation be
tween Mr. Fox and Mr. Webster. Mr.
Fox is still here, and there seems to be io
great or immediate difficulty on the sub
ject. March 15.
" Blessed are the peace makers," and
wherever they inhabit, Col. Preston of
your State, must deserve a conspicuous
place amongst them. The late. unpleas
ant difficulty between Mr. Clay, of Ken
tucky, and Mr. King, of Alabama, was
honorably settled, this-morning, through
the timely initerposition of your distinguish
ed Senator, for it was understood that a
duel would certainly take place, unless the
offensive expressions used by Mr. Clay,
towards Mr. King were withdrawn in open
Senate. But to the record.
Mr. Preston rose, this morning, and said
that Senators must have a painful recol
lection of an unpleasant collision that
took place a few days since, between the
honorable - Senators from Al b ma and
o wwjbeRcfroreffiihiamentary de
corum and harmony for which the body
was distinguishcd. It was to be the miore
regretted in the pireset case, from the long
conispicuous standing of both the parties
etngaged in it t t he was satisefied that it
must have heetn the result of mistake or
accident , andI for that reason, and in or
der to relicve the deept anxiety existing in
the public mind, lhe hoped that harmony
woud be restored. The Senaitor from
Ketmucky had deen-ed the remtarks of the
Senator fromt Alaibama personally offen
sive, and feeliug tinder them a deep sense
of itnjury, had repelled them. Ini this view,
however, the Senator was mistaken, and
he (Mr. P.) felt convinced that the Senia
tor from Alabama did not so intend them.
As it was a misapprehetnsion, therefore, lhe
hoped that distineushed Senator, (Mr.
Clay ) woul throw no ditfiilhy in the
way of ani adjustment of the affrir.
Mr. Clay shared in the regrets of his
Sfriend from Souith Carolina, and never
'wished to sie any circumstances calcula ted
to disturb the good feelitng which had here
tofore cxisted in the Senate, and the thank
ed him for his obiservatins, as he kne'v
Sthat gentleman was intlumenced by the
-most highmninded motives. Mr. C. had a
distinct recollection of the alffair referred
to, but had al ways deemed it a privilege in
C'otgressional atid Parliamuentary debate,
-to speak with perfect freedom, and to de
notnnee all in power as corrtupt or tyrnn
nical. when lie couisidlered them so. lie
Shad, however, felt it his dtity to abistain
Sfrom personailities, or imputing evil mo
Stives to any metmber of the Senate. Not
withistatnding the ten years' abuise with
which the senior editor of the Globe hail
-attacked him (Mr C.,) lie had never no
t ticed that person utitil lie was brouight be
fore that bodly hioi office, andi lie then felt it
his right and duty to characterize hinm as
an infatmnous libeller. From the tenor of
s the remarks of the Senator from Alabama,
a Mr. C. hail thoughbt that he intended dle
liberately and premeditatedly to insult
him,[Ibut as he had information that such
rwas not the case, heo now, with infitnite
e pleasure. wvithdre'v every offensive remark
n he had applied to that genutletman.
d Mr. King said that the Senator from
Kentucky had not been misinformed in re
t gard to his renmarks, and that as he (Mr.
n Clay) had, with his usual fratnkncss, with
ts drawn the injurious expressions he has
g applied to hiin, he (Mr. K.) felt himselfat
0 libert y to state that nothing was further from
his design than to say any thing personally
d offensive to the character or standing of
h the Senator from Kentucky, as a gentle
man. Mr. King made ihis avowal frank
y ly, freely, anti cheerfully. anid due te him
Sself and the Senate, and appealed with
e confidence to his brother Senators, wheth
er'he hadl not always kept himself strictly
e within the bounds of parliamentary deco
Mr. Preston then crossed over, and
shook hatnds with Mr. King, anti Mr. Clay
followetd his exatmiple. 'An enthusiastic
burst of applause immtrediately came from
kl the galleries, and the Senators appeared
-. in a better humor than they had exhibited
s.- for a long time.
I xecntive dession follo)wnd. and about 4
o'clock, the committee, app I to wait
on the President, reported tha he had no
thing more to communieate a motion
of Mr. Wright, the Senate a urned sine
rch 17.
Our difficulties with Eng -will pro
bably stimulate Cougreis er extra ses
sion, to provide for the pu e defence.
The public feeling would j y Ahe im
position of heavy taxes, per S even the
contraction of a national deb in order to
make suitable provisionsfor~ 'defence of
our very extended and expos .sea board
and inland borders.,
I am convinced that th osition of
Mr. Webster was in favor. 'rendering
IM'Leod, without trial, is in ret. Nei
ther he nor the President 0 4i favor of
acceding to this demand. are not ap
prized of the course the ad' istration in
tend to pursue; but we h .full confi
deuce that it will be such as. 'sstain the
honor and dignity of the cu
General Scott and the At ey Gener
al, (Mr. Crittenden) have Li ieen dss
patched to Lockport, but with hat special
object, is a matter ofrconject .
The excitement on thi& biject in the
Southern and Western part'- ,New York
is so very great, that Gov or Seward
would not be supported in 'release of
M'Leod, on the applicatiod e General
Government. It is spid th r. Pickens'
report, from the Committe on. Foreign
AITairi, has been extensivel irculaied-in
New York, and has iucreas bi excite
ment against M'Leod, by ing, in so
forcible a manner, the chara .of the ag
gression committed by thos o destroy
!d the Caroline. Mr. Pick '.report has
also had the effect to streng -'the opin
on in New York, that the . ;- M'Lcod
s clearly within the exclus' urisdiction
f t liat State, and that 1a4n pt, on the
>art of the Executive, to ercise any
>ower over the matter, wo., kbe a isur-.
There is also, in the State 0tew York.
nd the neighboring Stated numerous
itd zealous association of a ewhat se
ret character, the members -i-hich are
>ledged to aid in the expulsi f-all royal
-ule from the Canadas, an, e.influence
f the men, if directed agai the national
idministration, would be j ' powerful.
l'hey would not of couri" erate the
dea of M'Leod's release ,wi 6t trial. It
s to be apprehended, inde' 'that they
vill not assent to his releas en in case
f his acqtit tal.
While General Elarrison sdlelivering
uis Inaugural AdJress, it V "ciced that,
vhen he came to that part which re
ates to our foreign affiairs, ."lied Mr.
reston to him and whisper something
n his ear; whereupon Mr. ton beck
ned to Mr. Fox, who appr d and was
ery attentive to the pas - Mr. Fox
vas, it is said, well pleased. the tone
f the President on this i '. There
:an, therefore, be no ill fejt :whatever
etween the new adminis jn and the
4riish Government, or its later here,
md those who seek for pea a peaceful
pirit, will not fail to secu It is not
mprobable that the late f dll hasten
he adjustment of all h ties be
ween us and Great -
You will have . issenzo
potmte Consul to Pais, d' not Mr.
hartin, as was reported.'~ *lappoint
neat is generally condemnedi - Washing
on Irving and Robert Wash; both metn
>f high literary and social character, were
ppicants for the situation.
March 18.
The pmeclamation for an extra session,
mn the :31st ialay, appeared in the official
ournal, this morning, I'learn that there
was mouch hesitntiot in the cabinet, on the
object, and that the measure wvas reluc
tatly adopted. The fact is the new ad
ministration must do something, even if
hey do wrong, in order to gratify the an
xiout desire of the public for a change of
We are told, in the proclamation, that
Cor~gress is called in reference especially to
the condition of the finanaces and revetnue
of thme country. This is a sweeping reason,
embracitg every thing that can be desired
by the friends of a national bank, of a land
distribution, of an increased revenue from
im ports, and of a national debt.
The new Congress will embrace a ma~
jrity of whigs, in both branches, but, oni
the ineasures of the adlministration it is a p
preheunded that there will be some differ
etce of opintiont among the whigs. New~
parties are rising,-the old parties are dis*
solving into their original elements.
As to the distribution o f the proceeds 01
the public lands, no one considers that ass
very important measure-it is of very sub
ordinamte consideration.
rThe taritf and the bank-these are to be
the great questions of the session-unless
itdeed, our relations with Engla~nd should
dematnd the intervention of Congress,
which is not probable.
It is thought that a tnational debt will be
proposed-i. e. a loan ofsome twenty-fivi
millions to begin with. The sum could be
easily expended on the navy, which mus'
be our great arm of defence in time of war
Indeed so thorough is this, conviction or
the part of our stateblmen, that Mr Calhoun
at the late session, said it would be a noble
idea to devote the revenue from the latth
to the support of the navy.
It cannot fail to be seen bow essentia
the creation of a funtded debt is to the es
ablishmont of a national bank. Withou
a funded debt, receivable in payment foi
shares in the bank, it would be impractica
bleto procure the funds wherewith to es
tablish a bank-unless indeed, the Govern
ment should guaranty the stock.
Some few removals and appoitmett
were announced to-day. Mr. Biwhard
of Ohio, solicitor of the Treasury, was re
moved, and Mr. Penrose, of Pennsylvani;
is in his place. Mr. P. was a Jacks pohi
tician, but turned when the bank was char
tered in Pennsylvania.
Mr. C. K. Gardner was removed fron
the oflice of auditor of the Posi Office, an
Mr. Elisha Whittlesy, of Ohio appointe'
in his place. Mr. Whittlesy is well know,
to the American people, as the able sun
elicient Chairman of the Committee c
Claims, for many years, in the House o
We bear nothing of the state of on- re
lations with Great Britian. But we shal
soon hear of the result of tIte trial of Mc
Lead. Hoa will no doubt be acquitted. 2
peison went on to Lockport, from this ci
ty, with Mr. Crittenden, who can prove
the alleged alibi. This will, perhaps, re
move the difficulty for the present. But
should the New-Yorkers get hold of Me
Nab or Capt. Drew, they would have them
at the risk of forty wars.
From the National Intelligencer, of March 9.
The following is a fuller and more exact
account than we have heretofore publish
ed of what Mr. Pickens (Chairman of the
Committee on Foreign Relations) took oc
casion to say in the House of Representa
tives on Monday,.(March 1,) in the discus
sion of the Fortification Bill:
Mr:.Pickens rose for the purpose of dis
abusin'g the minds of the committee in re
lation to a rumor which he was astonished
to find was in existene, in relation to the
case of McLeod. When he came into the
Hall, to his great astonishment, he found
that a rumor was in circulation, and had
been alluded to in debate, that an angry
correspondence had taken place between
Mr. Forsyth and Mr. Fox in relation to the
imprisonment of McLeod. It was with
pleasure, therefore, he stated that he had
received informarion from the most authen
tie source that there was no foundation
for sich a rumor. There had been no cor
respondence calculated in any way to pro
duce any more difficulty than previously
existed. It was true that a correspondence
had taken place, but was calculated to va
ry the position of the parties since the cor
respondence which had last been present
ed to the House. These falso rumors had
been alluded to from several quarters of
the House, and were calculated to produce
uneound legislation.
Mr. P. then proceeded to say that he
hoped the hill reported by the Committee
of Ways and Means would 'he adopted
The general system of fortification do
manded by gentlemen required a practi
cal ktowledge before all its bearings could
be known; and he would take occasion to
say that, when the next administration
came into power, let them propose a gen
eral system as a whole-a system of de
fence for all the points of the country ; and
if it should be a system that his judgment
could approve, he would pledge himself
that he would not stop to ask vhat was the
miserable amount of revenue that might
be derived from a tax of wines and silks,
but he would cheerfully vote atn amunt
equal to the whole proceeds of wines and
silks imported, if the next administration
should deem it requisite and proper for the
country by any new contingency.
Mr. P. went on to contend that no sys
tom of fortification could possibly answer,
unless it should he connected at various
points with the Navy. It would be utt-r
ly impossible to protect our extensive coast,
unless a proper connexion was had with a
naval force. Take central and leading
points which can protect and sustain your
naval defences. suited to our extensive
coast of 2,000 miles. [ is stean-batterics
and steam-ships that can give you defence
suited to the improvements of the age.
for the present wants of the country. The
system had heen partially brought frotm
France, in 1816, and, since the introduc
tion of steam power, wvas to a great extent
inapplicable to our extensive territory and
sparse poptulation.
In answer to a questioti from Mr. Mon
roe, as to what was the system brought
from France
Mr. Pickeni explained its nature, and
said it was pritncipally carried through by
General Bernard; tlistingutished in France
ad in this country; and again urged that
it was a system now, since the introdnc
tion of steatn power, totally inapplicable
for the defence of a country with such an
extensive coast as outrs. Mr. P. then said
how lie would conner't the land fortifica
tions with the naval force. Hie would, he
said, establish pointe at the following pla.
ces, where the forts could co-operate with
the Navy. HeJ wotld take a central point
bet ween the St. Croix and Ca pe Cod ; and
then New York and the tmotuth of the Ches
apeake, between Cape Cod and Cape Hat~
teras; and theti. between Hatteras and
Cape Florida, the would fortify Charleston
and the miouth ofthe Savanntnh river ; and
then, between Cape F'lorida and the Sa
bite, lie wvould fortify Pensacola and the
mot his of the Mississippi ; he would have
all these points wvell fortified to protect anc
stain at) etficient system of naval defencei
suited to ytour extensive seacoast and com
merce. As to the interitor points of fortifi
cation, andl those of smaller grades, he
would discard them; lie looked upon theti
as behtitnd the age.
But.(said Mr. P.) any other system ol
fortificatioti confined exclusively to land
will prove a misetable failure.
In answer to atnother interrogatory, Mr
P. observed that it would be folly to thinlh
that England wotuld ever thittk of invad
itg us again from the Canadas. Englant
could have no object in attempting a per
maent invasion on that frotntier. The
case no'v and at the last war in 1S12 was
widly different, in 1812, that portion ol
the country on the lake frontier was thinly
populated, and had but little connexiot
with the Atlantic cities. Owing to its de
fenceless position, the consequence ws
that the British formedl their plan of inva
sion of the lake coast with a view to con
nect a military cordon through the itnte
ror to New Orleans, anid cut off the Val
ley of the Mississippi from the Atlanti.
States. They had some prospects of sue
ceeding at that period ; hence the invasio
was there. But now the case was widel'
different. That part of the country wae
now densely populated, atnd with a popu
lation, too, decidedly warlike atnd spirite<
to the highest degree; so that now it wrouk
be mnadces on the part of Great Britain t
attempt an invasion ini that quarter. She
Icould gain nothing by it; hut the 'dange
would be the reverse, and the invasioi
would be from this country upon Canadi
Iif a rupture should take place, whitch hi
ftrusted would not occur, and he believedi
~would not. .What I mean to say (contin
uedl Mr. P.) is, let the next Adminitstration
when it comes into power, propose a pro
Iper system of fortification-a system etm
-bracing the improvements of the age, at
c.ct..ia to meet the wants of the coun
try-and I wil go -vith them to the utmost.
I will not oply go for a tax on wines and
silks, buti Twill most cordially, when the
proper- time shall arrive, give them my
support,. if any serious difficulty should
arise to call for it. I will then, at a proper
time, vote for all they may want. But I
hold that this is not the proper time, and I
protest against this system of legislating by
peicemeal, and without proper information,
and unconnected with a system as a whole
suited to.the wants of the country. If any
serious difficulty should arise between us
and a foreign Power, (which he hoped
would not he the case,) let the Administra
tion call Congress together, and we will
meet the issues as a free people ought.
Let those who'hre to execute laws and
conduct negotiations in the future, take
that course that patriotism may dictate,
and there can be no difficulty.
We copy from the National Intelligen
cer, of the 22d ult., the explanation of the
Hon. E. Stanley, of N. C., given at the
Evening Session of the House of Repre
sentatives, on the 19th ult:
"Mr. Stanley said, if the House would
indulge him for a few moments, he would
answer the interrogatory of the gentleman
from Maine. That gentleman has truly
said that he has had no consultation with
me, or with any friend of mine, with my
knowledge, relative to the motion or the re
marks he now submits to the House.
" It will be remembered, Mr. Speaker,
that, in the speech I made last night, I dis
claimed, repeatedly, rather too often dis
claimed, as I thought, all intimation or
wish to indulge in personalities, or to wound
the feelings of any honorable member on
this floor. I did tLhis, sir, with particular
emphasis, because I am aware that, when
excited in debate, I am apt to use forcible
lattguage, which is liable to be misunder
stood. I said, as regards the members of S.
Carolina on this floor, whose doctrines I
had felt bound to oppose, I begged thom
all to understand I dtd so from no feeling
ofpersonal unkindness, but in opposition to
their political principles, which I regarded
as calculated to do much mischief if they
should receive encouragement from any
respectable portion of the country. To
wards the gentleman himself (Mr. Pick
ens) I have always entertained feelings of
personal kindness.
" After this full disclaimer, which-every
member will testify to who heard me, I
was surprissed to see the feeling manifest
ed by several members from South Caro
lina. The gentleman from South Caro
lina, to whom I especially addressed my
arguments, (Mr. Rhett,) had the floor to
reply to me, when the debate should be
resumed. And let me say, as to that hon
orable member (Mr. Rhett,) I have under
stood he was a religious man; I honored
him as such, and on that account, especial
ly, I used towards him no other language
than that of courtesy and kindness. I en
deavored to deal with his obnoxious doc
trines-direct taxation, disunion, &c.-and
with his doctrines alone. You will remem
ber, Mr. Speaker, that, immediately after
the journal was read, the respectable gen
tleman from Charleston {Mr. Holmes) en
to Mpy LU remarl-0 Ie
which he had not heard. I objected at
once, for the reason I gave, that [ had no
idea of consenting to a partial debate, I
wished an opportunity of replying, and
that the gentleman could answer me in
committee, where wye both couldl be heard,
As I made this remark, the colleague of
the gentleman from Chtarleston (Mr.Camp
bell) on my right made tuse of off'ensive
terms, to which 1 replied, and after this,
the gentleman from South Carolina, (Mr.
Pickensdl out of order, when another sub
ject is under cotnsideratiot-(a pension bill
heing under discussion)-went out of his
way, as i thottght, to attack me. It was
under such circumstances, well calculated
I think, after my previous explanations, to
excite any dan, that I replied to the re
marks of the gentleman from South Catro
linta, (Mr'. Pickens.) I understand that
gentleman (Mr. Pickens) just now to say
that lhe intended no insult to me in the re
marks he made; lie intended only to use
"ridicule," which he thought " a fair par
liamentary airgumnent."
"If I undlerstand tbik gentleman (Mr.
Pickens) correctly, it is due to the llouse.
it is due to that gentleman. and especially,
it is dne to myself, to state that I regret,
that under the excitement which I felt, I
used language stronger thtan was called for
or wvas strtctly parliamentary and proper.
I intended the remarks in reply to what I
deemed a plersonal attack. It seems no
such an attack was intended; that I was
wrong in putting that construction on the
gentleman's remarks. I feel hound, there
hre, to say, sir, that I wish my remarks to
pass as " ridicule only," as the gentleman's
remarks were " ridicule only." As he dlis
clainms any wvishi to have his remarks re
ceived in a spirit of unkindness, I make
the same disclaimer.
"I thought, sir, whten the gentleman re
ferred to the "valiant knight from Nor'b
Carolitna," a~ he cal~ed me-when he spoke
of my " pigmy arm," andi compared me to
the sparrowv "wvith his bow and arrow"
shooting at Cock Robin-I thought his
tone was one of contempt, and there was
something sneering in his manner which
was calculated to ofl'ond. I am glad, sir,
that I was wrong in misunderstanding the
gentleman. I only refer now to his tone
atnd manner to justify myself for the warmth
I exhibited.
" uti, Mr. Speaker, if the House will
indulge me a moment further, I wish it ex
pressly understood that, i' hen I spoke of
the arrogance of Sonth Carolina, or what I
called the "legislative insolence" of South
Carolina, I meant by "insolence" the
haughtiness, mixed with contempt, evinc
ed in the report to which I referred. I did
not speak of the State of South Carolina
or the people of South Carolina with dis
respect. I cannot,under any circumstances,
be forced to speak disrespectftul of any sis~
ter State. I have too much self-respect tc
do so. I have too much respect for North
Carolina. for my constituents,to do so, But,
sir, I appeal not only to every North Caro
linian-not only to every Southern gentle
man, but to every American on this floor
to read the report, especially page 10, tc
which I referred, and to ask, if he respecti
.the State of South Carolina as I do, if he
- wil not feel indignant at the lanane thern
applied, by her Legiislattre, to her sister
States. Aim I to sit here coolly, sir, and
see a report from her Legislature, printed
by order of this House, (without having
been read, as it seems,) in which y own
State is accused of having been iufluenced
in her recent vote by the money power, and
of having united herself wihl: " abolitionists
and federalists," and not any one word,
either of defence or reproof? No reasons
ble man can expect it, seir. No Southern
patriot would blame me for saying what I
now repeat, that in justice to all the States
of this Union, in justice to this House, in
order to sustain our own dignity, that re
port ought not to have been received or on
tertained by the House.
"1 beg paidon of the House for. having
trespassed on their time with personal mat
ters. I beg pardon of the House, sir, if I
violated any of its rules in the speech I
made onyesterday or to day. I intended
no such thing. I was fighting doctrines,
as I believe, the most abominable that
were ever entertained by American statei
men. I avoided personalities. I thought
I said so too often. I will continue, in the
discharge of my duty, an unrelenting war
fare, a perpetual opposition to the godious
opinions of direct taxation, disunion, &c.,
which are avowed by a talented portion of
the friends of the departing Administra
Mr. Evans said it was obvious there was
no foundation for ill feelings growitg out
of debate, after these explanations and d
claimers, and be trusted whatever excite
meat had existed was now allayed.
The Court of Common Pleas, for this
District, closed its session on Saturday the
27th ult.
Hon. J. C. Calhoun.-This distinguished
Senator was 58 years of age on the 17th
ult., which day he celebrated, as well as
that of St. Patrick, in company with the
Hibernian and St. Patrick Societies, at
Ertra Session.-By the Proclamation
of the President, the Members of the Senate
and House of Representatives of the Unit
ed States, are to convene on the 31st of
May next.
Military.-The citizens had the gratifi
cation of viewing, in our village, on Satur
day last, a parade, of that fine-corps the
Edgefield Hussars, under the command of
Captain BoNAnM, and were pleased to
see they possessed within the bounds of
their own district, so efficient a force, which
in case of emergency, at a short notice,
could be called into service. Their appear
nace and discipline, taking into considers
tion the opportunities which they have had,
reflect great credit on their ofi'er a
Na~~,e a a$eikt
of this daysAier, rof the
Hon. F. W. PICKetns, (Chairmin of the
Committee on Foreign Relatins,) in the
discussion of the Fortification Bill; which
will be found, on perusal,.to contain the real
sentiments which every true America
ought to cherish ; his plan of, (in a ines
sure) uniting the Army and Navy, so as
to enable them to act in conjanction, by
means of Fortifications on our seaboard, is
one that would enable our government, at
all times, to protect our shores from foreign
assailants. The old maxim. "in time of
peace, prepare for u' ar," has never failed
to prove true. -
The English papers brought by the
steamer Caledonia, at Boston, fronm Liver
pool, gives an account of the total loss of
the American ship Governor Fenner, with
her passengers and crew, (except the cap
tain and mate,) consisting of one hundred
and twenty-two persons. The Gov. F., a
few hours after leaving Liverpool for New
York, rau foul of a steamer, in the night;
the captaitn and mate both being on deck
at the time, saved themselves by means of
.ropes thrown from the steamer, but the ba
lance of those of the crew, on dieck, wers
unable to save themselves, in consequence
of the ship sinking so instantaneous ; the
passengers were at the time in their births,
and were hurried into cternity, without i
moments warning.
Negroes of the Armitad.-T hose gentle
men says the Hartford Times, were im
mediately informed, of the decision of the
" Great Court,"-as they understand it
and were given to understand that they
were to be set at liberty. They received
the information with great complacency,
exhibiting no strong demonstration of joy,
as they are still incapable of "defining
their position." On being asked what they
wvould do, if left to their own volition, their
answer was. " Don't know." Will you
go to work and get a living? "0O no: work
no good." Will you go to A frica ? No tell.
You go away till we talkc with Cinquez."
Brother Jonathan.-We find by the last
number, which we have received of this
valuable Family Newspaper, the publish
ers are determined not to be outdone by
any other publication of the kind in the
Ugon. They have introduced, with the
Tales from " Master Humphrey's Clock,"
by Boz, the engravings attached to them,
thereby rendering them more complete,
this, no doubt, to those fond of light read
ing, will be a gratification, and should in
duce them to support the publishers in this
expnsivo undertaking'.

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