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"We will cling to the Pillare of the Temple of ear Liberties, ad if it , we wil Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLVUIE VI. 3&efftX& Cu o us S- * NO.29. EDGEFIELD AIDVEBTISEB, BY W. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR. T'BRMS. Three Dollars per annum. if paid in udvance.-Threo Dollars and Fifty Cents if not paid before the expiration of Si Months from the date of Subscription and Four Dollars if not paid within twelve Months. Subscribers out of the State are required to pay in advance. No subscription received for less than one year, and no paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid, except at the op tion of the Publisher. All subscriptions will be continued un less otherwise ordered before the expira tion of the year. Any person procuring five Subscribers and becoming responsible for the same, shall receive the sixth copy gratis. Adertismaents conspicuously inserted at 621 cents per square, (12 liues, or less,) for the first insertion, and 431 ets. for each continuance. Those published monthly. or quarterly will be charged $1 per sqluare for each insertion. Advertisements noi having the number of insertions marked on them, will be continued until ordered out, and charged accordingly. All communications addressed to the Editor, post paid, will be promptly and strictly attended to. Frnm the Fat Acrs Mag anne. A rArTa-RTo HIS MOTHERLESS CiIILDEEN. NT MaS. LTVIDA It. 51GOVL'Y. Come, gather closer to my bide My little, smitten flock And I will tell of him who brought Pure water fio the rock, Who bodl led ad's people forth S pt'swrath anad g d Aid oaessdled labe did fdoat ; - Are wAerW s ~d*is Think ye of her who knew so well Your tender thoughts to guide? Who could to wis!om's sacred lore Your fixed attention clim Ah! neyer frot your hearts erase That blessed iluthcr's n1aue. 'Tis time to sing your evening hymn Mly youngest infautdove, Come, press thy velvet cheek to mine, And learn the lay of love. My sheltering arns can clasp you all, iy poor, deserted throng Cling as you u,'d to ching to her. Who sings the angel's solng. Begin, sweet birds, the accustom'd btrain Come, warble loud and clear Alas! alas! you're weeping all, You're sobbing in my ear Good night-go say the prayer she taught, Beside your little bed, The lips that used to bless you there Are silent with the dead. A Father's hand your course maay gnide A mid the thorns of life His care proetect these shrineking plants That dread the storms of strife But who upon your infant hsearto Shall like tbst maother write! Who touch the strings that rule the asoul Dear mourning babes, good night. Frohm the Augusta Mirror. THE GRAVE. "We lIike to see one write cheerfully about death."-Southrn Literary Mecsseager. Wnir shroud the grave with thoughts or gloom, Why palD the soul in solemnn sorrow! The dead at rest-we follow aon There calmly laid-perhaps to-maorrow. 'Tis but the convocation ground. Whre empires past have met. Kingdoms presnt-ay e all are bound Then why feel terror or regret? Tis silent, true-shall this give dread ! Rejoice that all the clash and strife Are done, and buried with the dead And all the pangs and griefs an life. e cheerful! tranquilize the soul! 'Ts the noiseless wicket gate to llea'een. Or step we take to meet the scroll Of immosity-a life for death is given. Then clear thy brow from pensive cast L.et grave's cold dreani weave there no wreat] For absent ones...they're gone-they've rust The grave!-'tis but our mortal epitaph' Augusta Ga. "- L "' PrinersThe present King ohf Prns sia is a printer. If Job was not one of th rft. his nameo is abused very muoch hselatter days, for we see "Job Print ing' in almnost cvery paper, . liscellaneous. Fromtht. Charleaton Mercury. "Rol ME TIHE EXCIEQUER THE FIRSI THING THOU DOS'T." The Whigs in Congress and in the Le gislatures of ihe Whig States, are carryin out this principle with a rush-robbing the people zealously and deeply for the benefi of themselves, or of native capitalists and speculators, and British stock jobbers. The first act of the Relief Congress waw to rob the people of their public domain, to make good the speculations of foreigr harpies on the state's improvidence 'Rob me the Exchequer," Was the cry of the l'euns% lvania. Bank and it w as done to the tlu of half a uilliot -as will be seen by the following para graph which, uncontradicted and indispu tai~le in its assertions is circulating in tht Democratic papers of Pennsylvania. "Let it be constantly kept in mind. and let no two Democrats meet and part with out making it a subject of sp'ecial remark, that if the federalists itn the last Legisla ture hid followed Gov. 'orter's recoi dation to sell the Bank stock owned by the State. 'he passagc of the so called "relicfl law would have been necessary, and morc than half a million of dollars would have been saved to the state, as the stock refer red to has depreciated that amount, and it is every day going down lower. Eventu ally it will be -vorth nothing! Such are the fruits of federal I:gislatiou." "Rob me the Exchequer," Was the cry in the Whig Legislature of Connecticut, and the Whig Legislators set to work in dead earnest, every ian for himself. We copy the remarks of' the Pennsylvanian preceding the Hartford ac count of this truly Whig transaction: DtRtING ttoUul.vy OF A ST.%TE. "The Legilators of Cottecticut, if time following account be correct, imttst be as greedy as somen other Legislators whom we have heard of. They are a good deal worse than those of our own state, or we have never heard of their runining oil with the inkstands, wafer boxes, &c. which belong to the desks. Will the Times infiorn us whether these practices are sone of the swteady habits" ofConnecticut, or whether the scene referred to was only anl occasion al scramble got up for variety's sake, and a show the people what they meant by to ~ ~ ue sho th i iting oihat body,2 or s= we believe was nppropriated to the purchase-of such articles as were considered necessary or onivenient to L.egislative house keeping: such ais pe knives, inkstunds, sand and wafer boxes, ivory folders. steel lets. (1uili. fine paper. sealing wax. &c. &c. Wefl. rhen these patriots adijournted, iii addin ion to their takiit pay for more dtys than they worked, they actually stripped the .hip of State of every thing they could lay their hands on ! pouncimg otn the property of the pellple like so many liarnegat wreckers. This. they probably call "restorin confiden.ce," 4C. Such a cleat sweep did they make. says the Ilart ford Times, that tothitg was left ifm tle lall but a pitcher, atn oil can, andI two tumbllers. w'as the like ever heard be fore! We wonder sotte covetous wiig did not hboulder tle oil ca aid ti pitcher! These thiings must be oked to, or some releiltanit chap who thilkis lie did not g.t his shatre of the sptils-, wifl lie trudgitg back for t!.em. The Timl'es %:Iy: "4Before the I louse adjmurned, scarcely an article could he een tup tle desks inkstands,. teaper, einills, -set!ling' wasi. &e. &c. were 5wept utl, andI 'tlled1 into thte pockets andit trunkso thle himiest tme'mbters. ''Te Sp~eaker's inkstatnd, wsortht .9. 5tl wa actually sntcedi fromt his table, otn thte moring of adjournmet! Sucha tratn'e tiois arc dlisgraceful nm.tot to say dshioinest." Ontly think of Cu!. l'restont votittg itl save C lay's coercinj. amien.:tt attd thet bill, aifter but just previow~ly declairing~ against the latter. because of its asutmtp Einlf thme lrnchin, Ipower, wvithout thea consent of the States !-atd atl,.0. after p)ub licly declarintg to hii contsit ients, tha *he was not the tman for Clay, nor Clay the mani for hinm."! lIe one day openly declares againtst the lIill, because it incidentally assumes th< rightt to est ablisht lirantches withtout t h< e.rress consenat of the States, and thten peraups thme very unext, after a1 prirate con sulfaion erith -lr. Clay. (for lie. C., de clared the amesndtmettt the result of a pri vate out-door arrangettnet,) voles for ai aendmnet actually asserting thec righ~ to coerce! the establishmtetnt of lira.nches against tlte rErpress rrfusal of the St ates ! Can any abandf onmeunt of principle sutr pass thtis ? If so. we are ttecrly at a lo~ to conceive it andt defy thme eviden:ce of; strlnger instanice, extattt, or posibile. Whatt damittg pow~ser had Mr. Clia over tis tman of b~oasted consistenmcy, I efect 5o su~dent, Ilagrantt, anid opjen change utpont himt, ini that pirirate consulth ion ?-South Ca 'rolinaian. From thef A4uust (ousitutinalistl. The following intelligence, from th Standard of Uniot of yesterdaty, confrnt the statemen'tts. we publishedl in otcr lsti p' per from the N.York~iournatlof Comlmerc ad Express. "We have the pleasure to anntounce. thn Ithe debt contracted by the Central Hanl ..md.. Governor G;ilmer's administratio, with the Phcenix Bank of New York, has been fully paid ol' and discharged, and that the bonds given for that Debt, and the coupons for interest upon State Bonds which were sold to raise funds for theWes tern and Atlantic Rail Road, have been taken up by the President of the Central Bank. who returned a day or two since from New York, and are safely deposited in the Bank." From the Peoria (11.) Register. LTNcurso IN .OLE COU.'T.-Ve were not aware at the time we gave an account of this affair, of the truly firmida ble stand the thievcs had taken, and the general terror they had inspired. A cor respondent of the Chicago Democrat, wri ting from that country, says "Society seems to be divided into two classes-those who do not; the latter expecting every night they lay their heads upon their pil lows. to ho murdered before another sun rises." The thieves had set the laws com pletely at dinarce. They sent letters to several individuals threatening death; they burnt Long's mills on Kilbuck creek: they even went so far as to challenge the whole community it meet them at Driscoll's Grove to decide which party were the stronger by a pitched hatite-and they capped the climax ofiheir previous villainy h~v the deliberate murder of Mr. Campbell. here was a truly lamentable slate of things, and( calculated to ronse excitement to the highest pitch, The ringleaders were taken, ind summarily tried and executed. There may be cases where, through the ineiciencv of the laws themselves, or the inability of tile local inagistracy to entiorce them, a community, like an individual. i's thrown back upon the law of self preserva lion. This may have been such a case. But if the people, numbering probably ten to one to the thieves, were competent to ar rest and bring them to a summary trial, were they not equally compietent to secure them while awaiting the law's delay! They had no reason to distrust the estah li,hed tribunal. Judge Ford, at the last term of the court in Ogle country, showed no disposition to favor rogues, several horse thieves and counterfe:iters having been sent to the penitentiary, and it ouldseem: from this that the laws were pletely inefficientassono. er Ihis was p case whe ' I Ind of the danger rightly placed the ir authorit alo y the law held samam ble totbA -fall ality of thej laTir, Tvac ton Ica onlIbe winadit pie, acting the magistra to protect their lives a - experiment 'vas not tried, wz:s every reason to beIteve it would pr. successful. They chose to act indepem dently of the hnagistrates, and they must now answer to the charges oh iurder as best they can. Dr. Chick's Mineral ;prin-.-lF1r sev eral weeks past. it has tbeen our initeiton to notice the poteley of the waters of tis Spring, which is alreadv the resort of ma iv itivalids; but we hoped to obtaint a correct nr.ily.is of iti properties, witch we have as yet beeti uziable to dto. The Spring is sitttaied nine or tetn miles North o'hi, pltte, in a reiarkably healthy re --ion. The water is sai'l to contain Sul plhiur and Carbntate of Sola, and i me other minerals I, iects have bec:a very salutarv in every case tl:t we have heard of, and it has heen vi-ited liv a large num - her of persons durin:: tle ;ist and present eaos.\\e uiider-,tatwl there arc notw several failiies and individuals froit a di~tance .,tayint- a t the Spring aw1 its Iviciniitv, andIlm cav to donht,. when its char acter beiecoes better knoiswn. Lbui it will be resorted to by th,,nit.andss. Alt t hat is ite cessairv to mi ake it equoat, if not ,.npe'rior, Iio ainy watering plar'e itt the Sounthuern Su:ntes, is to erect biiitngs ihr the icorn fortabhle accommodssationt 1,l visitors. whinch we trust will lie 1trone hefe'r the arri vat of another seaso.-('rte i .*! 3utamr 'lTh .nist Solelier (Gone I-Departed this life at Thomte1-on. Conn. on the 12th til. Mir. E-'zekiel liackttar, ini the !9tht year of his age. lie was lhe son of J attis IIlack miar, and botrn in G lotice'ter, l11. I.,iti An-i gust 17.12. Seventy years atgo last 31:ty, he enli'ted a., a privale in thei trootps raosedI ini the li tisl heoloies to take thte landti' of Cunba, u-tder thle E-'arl oh Albiemairle, and1 Admniral l',icock, in ai regitiment cotmmand-it' - ed by Coonet Isreal I'uitnmt. lI. wa" in -(apt..Johni Spazhling's Comtpany, of l'laitt I field ;Lieut . Smitht, anid l',nsign P'enntel 11 tutchinis, of Killingly. Getn. I,man. of - pringfield or Northatmptotn, w~ as Col. I'ut tna' suplerilor offieer, lie was without -|tonht thle last surviving solier. at the tat S king of the Mlorn Castle, atnd the ordest in service on the Rolls of Kinig ('eorge the I Third. Queent \'ictoria ought toi remietm V iher him,, as Ilie last solier gonec, oft lhe obt i I-'rence wvar. lIe sustained tharonigh lifem the achar'acter of an honest upright citizen, and1 -retainied io the lasi, in a great degree, his bodily and mentatl powers.~' From the Soiuthernu Chronicke. Impriscnmient of' Hishop Rrse.-T he lie troit Daily Aelverli-,er pnblishes the statm tmetnt of Bernardius Castelli with the hld ing remarks: -- In the first place. Bishop Rese is not an American citizetn. ile ftrst camte to this country ini 1627, and was stat ioned at Cincinnati e two years. II then returned to p., after which Il again preached .nati about a year tic theu come to city and remained I year rent to Lurop Soor circumstance trang him to go I Itom 6-+ risonment it "dut d that it can not I very recenti; that to this countr frorr ith Bishop RIes at ti a spacious an ben , was then liv ing., the Council - Rot nain there unti the ere setled, bu no d tAowards him. ouncil of itome inti -. Itese abol "4re tar.-es tgains hin . dy knows, thma ktm -at a refusal I git - # nprisonment i th1 mld he utterl im leave the IRs inn irisoner in tlia pa secure n ithou bo -'al. RE F. W. l'ICK T.A WS. under gren is- a great an iftj . eply the itt ere Population und I the freedon f d. y thing like full to be takee ut kr, and unti it. I occupied tlt 1l00 .zd discus ion ' . het iad hT aa gI pill' r n.:n heir a and dignific P1 it let W. ee a -. tad r I. bad over heart n al [A laugh.] [ hou; oie of the gentle 'iea, d a pproaccedl the i llo-is "Catletitela froamn til r-th 11w . -bat ile eleta oft iti mill ait the 1ecuiliar latttt, a:t-i of tllA. mmw I ict ht should M1r. V.~ at titti t. if ike tiannter, tam show how iiin rioti-ly i No ~iI alfect tife imntere~tsi lie rep1re-wntm'a at. 4hittlA at once hie acsideal with erie, tt he( was -ienakig iatil te Uttim Itid zagaiaat the (d'goitit u :tial a dthi 'atad licsl.1-ol wotiulad ino o1oti ellont till irv Iramit ml one ltlthe camujiitrV. t ) tile 41111 cr li. P'. alenttm tcL th let ita eri ~ t peal ta, -ectional prej udice. eml tflies4 atiratmi,; li ha b e t o ith ai eittit~iI Sltnhu whn alepoinart lam wich hti tal h ws o b haP.a dt bve detta Mr.P. ow efrre tomte of tire ofntli alelate este ~ App he thenjeilimi ~ ~Oti ~ at. ~'aetitlnlnr the ri mrthCmrt nat powerbab1le efct haf tii a ton the plar fro, euk.tta of iti hw licrer whte hl ad P.et atterpt.iit iri Imacner the syow hows inuion-lyrt *;oub fact couden iloeetiher eresnte sc e hor ath onlict wied wt eine that hws speaking o b p.aistly theil tim and l heain thon iltt; a a itihanih ,andiiemagone awoud n istn cho th thiv trm on end of-6 thcutr t he thA L'Ar. P. it denoruned thiat th rer.:t apo lieat ,ectionait prejni. ahe theo entele tlpoke ilofg ther wilas de-,trctiv tothe taritmtinteest, ac byn were~Il tey n uted, a hrer had et wth ppsin rtth lin, Noat a for rd hd blele eit< iht- ml ;hthe pleadedt tir the ihs mt prduc tiv e aor atwe as ahs o capt ital, ioe wo te hneeed o bsry ademi ".\hr. th. now.eferdto te cnrae oft thi i udeb tathe enty la fron genitmenvwha compronmsl acriW nias this or dcove helteris had been dtetern per cent. The compromise must )e set I aside. Until lately 31r. P. had not been prepared for this he had expected that at t i least the general spirit of that act would be I carried out in the legislation of Congress; I s but he now saw that the whole tariff ques a tion must be met in all its length and a breadth. a 3 31r. P. now referred to a speech of 31r. - Cushing, in which he had spoken of the i dogmas of tile Sotith, and had said 'hat if c y they were to be insisted on, the North tttist I e throw herself into the arms of the great I I West. where there .vere no dogmias in the % - way. 31r. P. ini,ted that this was an in- C f suhto the West-imp1ing that she had I i no principle". and was on the shambles. retly to he bougtht by any who would bid Iieb enough. Was thi to he the grouind of act io ? I f so, he ished to know it. The South was prepareil 1ior any issue gen. I t emen thought proper to press. S AI r. P. declared that ie was not unfriend r ly to tle interests of O.be North ; ie was ac- i tuatedl by no tn.-an jealousy of Northern I weaith and prosperity: lie knew they were wealthy; that tle Northern and M.31idle I Stater were able to boy ont the South ; but -o far from viewing this with an evil eve, lie rejoiced and triumpled in it as ar A tmteri cat. lie looked lirward with gratiefiction and pride to the time when ste would be .able to compete with Great Blritait in every s narket of the world. ]llit when the Norti I asked at unnitatural and uncon,tttitional I Ipruectiont front the Federal Government. s lie should alw ays oppooe the demand.- % Give him ajust revenue ill, and the Siotth r n oul never coiplain. lie desirei to rai-e C revete in such a manuer as not to injure tite vested rights of the North. Let the hill lie confiteil bouidt flakto revenue, anti he had no objection so to modify it as to give incidenital protection to Northteri iuter- C esi; he was rather inl favor of it. hut if a bill was to lay taxes chiefly for the purpose 0 of protection, then he ,itiull at once take I the opioite extreme. and insist on raitin i the reve le mdely fron articles the growth f and marnufact tire of fIoreirn countris.- 1 This. however, was not hi3 desire; lie pre ferred a fair averare. q . Mr. Irwin here ituiiireil wl.etler .1r. P. 1 was wilig to discriminiate in duties so as I rd protection within 20 per eti.! v at he was, provided the c was such as would . nmill wants of the 4ver ent. He would discriminate o r 'sow E -He S was not for publishing 11=11 tov 3 pill- I tdwith*,Or.ow pr i~ud~svall the t :panitfactutrr used. is asking for what r. To a just medium course he w- winuIng to agree; but lie would not go or any dity beyotiu 20 per cent. -tihe lint it or the comroite. If gentlemie asked himl wthat tax lie coin sidered in it-,eIf the tmtost clual, his reply woUla be ;it incomite tax; that lie thought lie wisest and most just. bit lie knew that itt the cjicuistances of this country such a S1ax was n1t to lie looked fiir. The gen tienai from Verminit (.1r. Everett) had intiiated that the matntifactuireis didl not Stant a high tarif1' potuvided they coul ex ulude atction saes. This iwa tihe ,ource %% hicl iloodied tie country with the .urpiluws timaniufactures of Eiurope; and, as t rete (I V, thle g-edeman h1.1d proplo-ed a NaX UPOnl .,;~leti s in, thiat me - r.Ar .wol .jini hint hre11 art nd hlaml; lie was prepared ill divide ihe diuty, iuttmnt tenl 1r cent. oin . auctlions- and11 to-i per cent.o mt-4lids impor ted. 31r. P. was utterly oppo,.e to t lie auction p m ig brinl:: t in otir ..... wn ma ufcturer to ai level %ilt tlie svwretchied op;erativi'ed f i-'.irpeani work -. .,lops. Blut lie doubite-d it the ::ettletman' h1phm coul lie carrried into e'etct; hie ohjee ted toi the homte valuitai.n as.a itiaket do, - tie's liower at somtte pioints than at ot hersI - i herebti eantsit;;; the whiole importtion oil the couotry to take place at thouse pof. e tiuder -,ucht a systemt thle itaxe's would niot i be utniformi, atnd lhe Contisti tultin ittust he esacrihicerd. Tfhe genttlemanti had dlrawnvt a * lowinig picture of the future, anid had . warnred the cotton growers of the esouth of t the danuger of lositng the htomte mtarket ini ini coniseilnencee oft lie coinpetitiont of Sooth ei Americtr, Egypt. anid the l-'a;st ladiaes. ihtt i M1r. P. had not forgotteti that the same ap- I -teal. the satte waruingi, had beetn pres:,ed u upoin thiemt in I 28 *:29 aiid ':U. G;entle m ienl sesmted to conisidler their tneighiborsotf it the Southt as in titter darkiness, anid w holly uniniformned as to their ownt interests, lie e wouhIl sitate onte fact. In 1I28. 700,0t00 Sbaig' ot'cottoni were raiised anid wol at fromn1 - seveni to nitne cnt, a pioundt, w'hile in10 -twit millionis of hags we~re raised. which aaverigied twelve cents. This very year. e Mir. P. haid sold for ten cents atnd a tep:arter. . lsid this lonk like glutting~ the ttarkct ! No. eAll the South asked swas for tree trade atndI ei an peitnimrket. Giive her thlese, arnd shte enever winid ask for bioty s or protectiont. d i tiie halfi te peitple of E.u rope hail noit y'et n lbegu toi i consumtie cot ttn, anid two t hiiris i of aill lie cottont goods mtanutfactutredi mt iti* Englandi were coniinmp.d int thle islandti it iellf. N ow. if otti-hl f the EuIropeatn pop, is ti titt otn t consueid twou tiioins of bags, r t would be the state of the market . hen ntim only the other half of Europe. but it all Siouth Amtericat and the E-ast Indies tecm ouse coitotnmanutfactutres? All n;teSuhasked, he repeated it, w as a free attrade to all the world, lie rejoiced in the ia consumption of our own liomte manufatc mtures, ad hoped ithe day would comie a when they woutld bie shipped to all the rorld. What the manufacturers of the ;orth need most was a fixed currency. and a be free from the expansions and con ractions which the money power of Great ritain could act upon at pleasure. Here Mr. P. went into some statements s to the effect of a paper currency im mediately on prices, and ultimately upon rotection itsell: it would co'nfine the man faciurers to our own market. In support f this vi-w Se insisted upon the fact that int 834. 5, and '6, the exports from New I'land had doubled and quadrupled. rhile in 1824. '5, %. '7, and 'S. they ham Xported little or nothing. In the onecase hey had free trade, in the other they had rotection. lie then argued to show that lie ultiiale ellect of protection must be to nake the tnanufacturers dependent slaves the Federal Government. An enligh rned free trade Iostered the interest of all arts of the Uuion; let commerce. then, pread her wings to the four winds and bring ack on her expanded and exuberant bosom he products of every clime. This was the ystei which comported with the bpirit of lie ace. Whet the gentleman from 5lassachu etis (.1r. Adamns) had contended that the ;tritti'uestion was a cotitest of free labor gainst slave laior. that distinguished and enerable gentleman had stooped to play a econid part to the miserable, contemptible rih slang-wh anger. Ddniel O'Connel. 'er ltigland, if she dare, attempt her pro cription of the products of slave labor. As jIoln as she did so, the continents of Eu pue would take them. Gentlemen who choed such a cry knew nothing of the me poilosophy of the question. but yield d to maligntant prejudices, which blinded beir better judgment. Mr. P. insisted that he true contest lay between the enlighten d sliirit of the presi age and the bond ge of the dark ages. lie went into an ar ument to show that the cTect of protec ion was hostile to the interests of the Ia urer. so that the contest was between the ree wages of labor and the proffits of capi Al. Mr. P. in the next place went into a tatistical calculation, in which he showed me ell'ecis of altering the system of draw acks. anti insisted that the drawbacks 'onld be reduced. and also the expense of ollectiotn, and that the revenue shalB yield wenty-four millions. If the public lands rare to be added, the amount would be %ised to twenty seven and a half millions. Lad was not that more than enouh for an ~-' nstrtion, with an wen o mUllrons a year, bad aid 'the national debt; and was it come to bis, that this reform Administration, afier ill its promises of retrenchment, was con ent to take the expenditures of the last aid-to-he wastefiul Administration as the asis of its calculation for the next four ear,? M r. P. had no objection to the principles f the bill. Let a duty of twelve aud a alf ier cent lie imposed upon articles now ree, 4atnd on all articles paying a less duty lian ?t0 pr. cent. This would yield $9,190,. ut. Put the protected articles up to wenty per cent. next year. This would ivc twelve millons more. Then adds tree milliuta. for the public lands. and you Voild have total of $24,160,000. And ras int this enough in a time of profound >eact! Were all the denunciations of the :i.t Administration niere humbug! Mr. '. conutendeIld that the expenses should not it over eigIteentt millions. This would cave a balance ofsix millions in the Treas ry, *mnd t hat in four years would pay off he loani. Mr. 1'. agreeAl with Ilarnard that the bill t::S not w anming ns a measure of revennue. Iliv. then, produce such a universal shock ii ,itmmierce, and derange the business of hre cotuntry still more than it was iu 1837! Shtv produce a convulsion! why not pre er nt .;:radual process! If. however en inhtrenedl mei.rchiants who had look to this >inressu for relief were disposed to be sat .died wvith suchrl a bill as this, let thema go bmr it. They can bear it from their mas ers. hlere the hour expired. and Mir. P. re tumed his scat. Corre.pondence oif the Charleston Mercury. WVAsitt~eoro., Aug. 4. Itn the Senate this morning, the consid rartiotn of the Fortification bill was resum :dl-the question being on making an ap iropriationa of S75,000) for a Western ar tnorv, which was advocated by Mr. Ben n iii apposed by Mr. Clay of Kentucky, itd die <ptestiotn being taken it was carried ti the allirmattive, A motion was thetn na'he to oprop~riate $ 100,1)00 to be placed it the disposal of the President. in case of recessity tfor arming or constructing stes tiers Ott the lakes. This was also adopted. *An amendment appropriating $50,000 to lie defetice of D~etroit, was carried, 22 to 17. Several other appropriatIons were proposedl by Senators, but were rejected. Mr. ('lay of Kentucky. who was absent rromi the chamber when the nippropriation for the steamers and for Detroit, were made. now ret urhed, and expressed his in tentioti of voting against te bill if both ihede ap~propriationis were retained in it. An effort wi.as thetn mado to have of them reconsidered,. and after some time a motion to that etlect was made by Mr. Wood bridge, who gave as his reason for doing so, that he was informed the bill in its pre sent shape coold not pass. A fter a brief but atnimated discussion, the the motion to re-consider was negatived-ayes 27. nay' 23. and the bill was ordered to he engros sed for a third reading.