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" We will cling so she Pillars of the Tenple of o. Liberde., and if is nts MP.n Perish am'ids she Rins.
VOLUME VI. QhVL7ut 1ouse, 8. C., Ab)gus , 18. NO. 0. EDGEFIELD ADVERT ISEU, By W. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETQR. TERMS. Three Dollars per annum, if paid in adance-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents if not paid before the expiratin, of Six Months from the date of Subscription and Four Dollars if not paid within twelve Montbs. Subscribersout of the State are req aired to pay in advance. klo subscription received for less than axe year, and no paper discontinued until all arrearages are paid. except at the op tion of the Publisher. SAll subscription- will be continued un less otherwise ordered before the expira tion of the year. Any person. procurig five Subscribers aid becoming responsible for the same, shall receive the sixth copy gratis. Adeertisements conspicuously inserted -a 621 cents per square, (12 lines, or less,) for the first iusertina, and 431 ets. for each continuance, Those published monthly, or quarterly will be charged 81 per squanre for each insertion. Advertisements not having the number of insertions marked on them, ivill be continued until ordered out, and charged accordingly. All communications addressed to the Editor, post paid, will be promptly and strictly attended to. Lines urite by Dr. MiloN A l.ony, deceased, formerly of Agusta. Ga. THE AUTUMN LEAF. My life is not like summer's rose, Distilling perfume to the air Of summer's morn-Exhaling sweets To etery breeze fr om yonder hill. o no! For were it such, full well I know that, as they rose, my heart - Vumd bask in joys of thrilling tone See! Tow'ring high. yon stately trunk Above the crowded forest's t*1 And that'reft branch, its only leaf Supports, amidst the chilling dews And burning suns of autumn days. Ab yes! There hang4 on that lone bough A lonelier. with'ring autumn leaf. As like loves like. my soul claims 'kin With that sear lear. My sympathies Reach oat, and hail its protsty pe. Each hailstorm, and each rude wind's blast That tore its fellow frmin its side. Long since,-it felt the genial warmth Of springs,-ti' alternate gentle breeze And cheering shower of A prils day. It board the main caroil sweet And vesper laymn or winged tribes, Enriching all the peaceful sce With presint joy, and future hope. And-----onsward stillit grew amidst Its young companions;t waiving sw cet in rustling harmony and love, 'ill summer':? brightest days beheld Its glistening beauty in the breeze. But now, bow changed! rude blast.' assail! It bends,-it shivers.-Still tho storm Blows on amain.-Blast after blast In quick succession preses on. No gentde summer's stilly scene Now cheers its lonely hours.-And hope Before so bright. so joy ful once. Now turns to retrospect. No more Te matinarol is heard. No-more The vesper hymn pervades the scne With undulating harmony , But in hybernal winds it hangs, And still awaits the last rude blast - To tear it frem its sotitude. And want it to oblivion's dell. Sear leaf-I link thee to my heart, Bereft of all the tender care That chaeers the bloom ofyot:-of all When toils and cares demand the help T e bliss of true ofcio'sbreast. Wheeon to lean-whereon to cool 75Is tevered brow-the weary head To rest, sod feel its heavy cares Nelsting in another's heart. To leaf-thou art the eanblem true Of my sad, solitary heart; Not Headden's pencil-tho' so true To line and color, shade and air, That, all, butt breadth and speech it gives. Could make, as thou hiast done, the strong The speaking portrait of my heart. ...-.Would lold westthee rmthy place Ofolitude. ard rude assault. And take thee to my warm embrace. 4nd live and die with thee alone: ---Here is the heart, exuberant still The fruitful soil of atnxious cares. 'Twould yield a lovely, blooming 'vine Of sympaihy, and verdantly Entwine and fasten that cmbraer. reptemkr. 1837. tessional life, or the slightest inquiry into tle probabilities of success f Yes, gentlemen, as a portion of tie Agrincultural comumnity, I fear that we are obnoxie-.., to the charge, of havimtg heretofore submitted to a clisification, in the ranks of life, which assigns us an inferior sta tion, as the second or third, in the scale of dig nity and respectability. Notwithaunding our numbers, our strength, wealth and consequent power, wo have shanmefully tiffiered otherclass es to usurp our rights, and almostexclusively to occupy the high ilaces of honor and proft in the land. We have habitual.ly deferred to tie imaginary superior wisdom and intelligenice of thee metnbers of the learned professions, as if the narme ol' their professions inveted their fol lowers with clainms to deference and authority. I trust a new era has commenced, of higher hopes and brighter prospeects. for the Agricultu ral communuity. The formation of this Society, and the interest manifesed to tiny, are both pre rages and pledges, that this state of things is destined to pass away. and to give place to one, more areiniating and cheering in tihe contemnpla tion, and far inore salutary in its ultimnate con serquences. The time leas come, when Agri eniture, considered either as an art or science, Aluims her equal rank and station among the lionorable eniploymeents of men. Agricenture not only exerts nn all powerful infiuence over man in his aggregate character, as for ming ia io'ns und civl countiiunities. but it exi reises a to Ies beneficient ineflitence upeon himn. a i mo 'al agent. There is i, emplo nient upon earth, m well calnclated to imini t strengith arnd soli lity ts his physical petwers. or that offers more uteresting subjects, forthe exercise and invig nation of his intellecti attributes. It niTords -iployinent to tl' hands und exereire to the 1nd, of tll others. the u.t farotaible, to i-alth and happinieps ; % hile its irsuits, retir :d aned unolitru-ive in their chnructer. arec mi seitly calculated to promote the developcment Imd imlroteiiciew of his moral nature. Such a the iniuence which Agriculture exerts upon lie conhtion and destinty oef man, either as a eparate and distinct indi% idtial, or as a nnembir if a social and organized comineunity. Such is lie importance oftheat #ceniation to which we ielong, and for tihe elevatiot and encourage ieit o-fwhich we have thisi dav assembled to evther.-lere the interesting Inquiry arises; mew is this great purpose IIt be accompliehed I Vhat are the imieanis within the reach of the nembers of this Society. by which the attain tet ef tiis great object can be secured, and l:tccd bevoid the contingency of doubt or daa er. This inquiry coinstiutf, the most' 'ortant branch of the subject. to which' roposed to direct yu-r consideration o resent occasion. When one of the most distingui Ors of itome, discovered that eclining in him kingdot, i eg,ctof its folo omfgraa les of th oughintbs ears pubei &,im te iniportance, tue honored p 01h these exato ,sorterd to the magt teo public mind, for the purpose, ursitits of husbandry vith it sori:eting its pleasures and emaW' iie facinationes of song, be, ought uHow-:is withg reater zeal and h 1 its Ihalf. The Empeeror and lus court, go Iruigh the anntal ceremonial, for the purpose Sconwvincing his people. that the employmeent h hin..tiandr is not ontilv honorable to its vota ir4. it of stificient <iignity and imptlortatice. i merit the bestowtient ef imperini honors rom tihe highest fouitaint of hoenors. In what :icrtner shtiall I le able te awaken a more enno hi: zeal in lavor of our vocation I Jiow -hall h' aile tet stie--end in impres-ing its vtetarie 6 ith a hiaier e't-imaite olf its importance, and of timittinig them to girater ctforts, and te the i of new nlnd approved ienetheeds for it. im >riovemeni. A senitelielet was utte 1ed lv A iiwmeber of the Society at its first meeting, M.ith i? heprictical hearing of whichi I was forcibly epreseed at the time and to which I must ask ,ermission hewe tee inife. na its general adoep ien ise emninttcly alenlaitede, int imy oepinioen, to ', leen asked, whether lie wars not tempitedi to ell ont, and tee rve i toe gle ferntile laneds ine the ew State-s, in searche of' a ric'her soil, utnd mocre ,hungdanit crops. hid replly teasniuieermly beenl, hatt le has mno desire toi leave in quest eof ciay thcer. a nd eve-n if lie hadh, ne onie citd hee jet' neeed tee paym the price wheichl le shldi ask f'or is ,eadssiens, foer tno i-onsierattiong could in' Inee heimee to engterita the ide'e ef.-ellIineg. ichoit mea iietTr toe sheingle over his hland with elelar. rhei'e setm'imenit is coninerted ithf, ande sperinpg reim at n aermi anttuachmen't her hone, and ts us cici ite ls: ;with that fishing of de-votin a the seed, which renndt rs the, .spit Ott which tie ive', paramoueetnt int eur etreectioens eve'r all ether dares. I e'hall regnrdlits adopjtion by the mlent ewns gf thia aeeety. ns ai hartineempr get a gnewt ra in cenr Agriceiurr'. condmition, ated ais the iiit'-t guafraty of pre.-iiv~ae aind pe'rmianett myjreoeet. Thle n~ieneit wte feel' that iden itientioni with the soil,nnidc regard onirsenlve' as~ Cs pe'eraneent occupiers. anid not them ere tene tits tfer a sennont; cande thart lng contsiderationg. ess thman a covel of silveg coin ovenr neur land. :nild teimept us to peart wvithi it, thten sheath we, i :rth.t ceemmtence the work ot reform. It wa.s this stronig hocalt attachmnt. this fenelineg oh'idecn tifientiiin anid self dI'eitioin to the antI, at the basis ref which tics all neational devotion, that itimnulated the itnhabitants of Sceetland, to enter upeont the woerk of inmprovineg and reclaiming teir lanids, nchcl otf whichh consisted of rocky wustes acid barren henaths. instead oif fl ing t'o rubier countries in search ef a homne. Their ef Irerts have benen crownted with the most trium pliant siuccess; a esuccess which in thin short spatce of half a century, has converted the bar. reim and bleak hills into frnitfuml fields, at thts micenienit affording ample supeport to the most loyal, ntationail, indutsrious anid enterprismag po ptnlation uipon the face oef the earth. We, ge'n iletmen, have comnparativ-ely a better lot, a much easier destiny. We have not only every induce mnent, but likewise every enicotmagement to en-! ter upon the task of improvemenut. Our lands in thts region, were originally of good quality, with no inconsiderable piirtiont that was excee'd ingly fertile, sufficiently level for all the putrpo sea of cultivation and improvement, abouendtng in forests ad streams of abundant ad never failing water, and egnally as healthful as any s..,;ar fertil. mae;li.s ....,h;. ,h,. n,,.. r the Froa the Plough Boy. AN ADDRESS DZL)VRLD BEU'ORE Tilt CANDRIDGE AORttCV. TURALOOCIETV,0o FratnAY, 7TH oF MAY, 184, BY WUITFIELD BrtOOKs. Esq. Mr, President, and Genilemen ofthe Agricultural Society : A desire to improve the Agricultural interest in this section of tie State. was the chief and imp1,elling, motive. which led to the formation of the Society, whose recent organization we have this day convened to conmmmemomrate. For the putipsie fimpIartmg teintie :nterest tl tIhe occa sion. and of giving ani open pubbe pledge to the country, that the :embers of the c4ciety are .n eariest, that thetir hearts and winds are truly engnged in tie matter, they deemed it advisea. ble. at their first meeting, tn provide fur the de lively (bn this day. ufn public Address. adnpted to the occasion, and to ie %a., ausigned the per. foriuaice oftimas duty. I now appear befice yon and enter upon the task assigimed me. wvitih io tither reinemace. than wlt very piripe vly aries. froaum a distrust of my ability inl th present impaired state of tmy heathh. ti' io jumstice to the occasion, aid to fulhi your reasomiable expectatiotns. So tnnenh has been written and itublished upon time cotmpre. lensive tsubject, both Ity practical planters and scientific genmtlemen, that I camot flatter myself n itit the expectation, (of being able to oifer to vonr considea ioim at this timie',ani stgge .tms, 'whtich shall Ite eititled to time mcrit of tnovelty, or whchl may justly claim the hutmber recom umenldationt of being- prescltd inl a new aUIl cap tivating form. We lnve not met, howvever, as a Society of iearned Proessirs, to discourpe upon the abitruse principles of vegetable physi ology or to elicidate the hidden and pmrmfmoumnd trutha ofrphysical i.cience.(important and mier. rastn as ilmise sujtunuiest inuably are.) bit we hiave cotme tisgether. as tie tmpretendiint owners and cultivators of time %ail, ter time ing le purpose of promtotimg the impro ement of thit acrcupation to whicl we belotg. and to w hichI timot of us ateexclusively itdebted forour sny port. if I cnn sicceed in imparting an importance :o Agriculture as atm occupatim, not btfo.re ac. knowledged; if I can lie so flt tnatie as to awa. ken a zeal hithsrti mfelt for its adiatnment,t and esipecially. if I shall suggest such -onsider tiois as silimil stinmulate the ttmmiibors eithis So :iety to te active te ofthoise menans, which me imipensable to stucce, I siall lit rewarded, ith time grtificationt of my iighest hopies, and mply compenisted for mymv littme and labour. gricuture challeng- our higi consideratio r is being the eldelst birter of time arts. and a-, tie onored employment of snian. in hi state of rimeval inntoence. The earth was giveni to im at atn iniLeritance, by the author of his ex gene., In I-s garden of Eden the ~ nted. its nin wus to d Sfhis emiptoymneaL It may be justi de- d ominated tIme paramount interest of civilzed L nan, in all time m'dified formi of is social nnd ivil relationst. It is emphaticaily time basis, nol ti mly of huimnn subsistence, hmt tIme only true b ondation ofhuman comfoit amid improvemient. 3v its eretive powers. all time intiiied imeans dindividual or iational wimmth are protdLrcd, md by its successftu inhor, are mitily firnih d tile divrisified tnaterial. whicih cons.lttit'e he Cotmimere and Mantttiirtmi of the worl I it has iteim sltly called the w hiil maid of ci% iliz sliom. and time ntmrsing intier of nation*. Ats ti it was coeval vith the existence of man, Po it will be his abidingi and parnmomt employmenl- I li time p-eriod of iis final e.xtinction. Tie culti ators of ilei soil. itn time ditferettt de'partment t, if iti-bandrv. Atgriculture anid Iliertinitre. f nonatittel% bv estionation. "eq n-eig hths mf tIe pmopuliatio if the %%lwm,.l ..tili. It 14 Iiier e 1mimntdi. mihat ns a di-tinct mC e I., they pay mtI) time ..rnts ofe erv ::i ermim it, tin. pI meipal remestite for thme s'iilIt 4f each : andA that it iour own State 11n yal ltilar, %%e conte ihemts ille-C Inth-i (if thIe g-nenm:l tax. As AgritIlturists. inhrelifre. wve do slot narogale to our-uhes aim rver ning Importance. in the awsimption. ihat time Agricultiernil c!n-s (of every civilized roimntmmiity, "onsitituite the. ointiy stire und peirima inent founmdationm of* al go emrnmmet, anid mniwan i wmichm civil soceity antd goverint'mnt tonist, an truth, depend for tiimi comntiiued snport amid presemlvatton. Inm thme niibl,* Spim n tl'iSof nutetett archiitiec ire. nmowi to bem traiced ammmid the" mplendmid ruins if thenmm, anmd lioiime, time ttin"1y pillars and . imagmitretmt cohimmuti. dont.attuteal time ciel' 1 st renth~ andilorni~m-"nmt of thn splendiid ,muper .tructurs, whmchm iwemre e'recitedl ii poin thmetm: andi imihev ;u inte'been tihe ini't tin viehld tio time cirrniding tnch of timme, r(emafinimig 'nt tii day. limt only is nmntsit of I i'roer grentmti' anid privr mml mm. nithjectsi wvmthyl of thme mdmiratin of imo. lern tiies. Thie 'Tlenidii -miler -str' ner which thmey suippomrted. ha~ve' ln:: -ince crnm bmedi into rumins, wilei timese enidmriuntt fimanda-. ions lanintaint thmeir stati~mns, wth bimt a i'islint dimunutitimon ofi their stenmgmih anid 1:nmideumr. Wa'e occpy to society. ni rebimiinm ,-omewthat unnlai gus, to thmat sumstain~ed~ by those endurmiing pil las and tiune wonm columms, to thmi'immore pmeri-Im able. but spliemndid edifices.i whichm timey' mmmupport ed. We are withou~it a figutrethme pillar.. tind coi Itoums of time great social editice, time chief smp port ofcivilizedl governmenit. anid ini i'lort thme maimm sprin:: that tiparta l1ife and momemntumm tim the commpiicatedi macinmery of time whole social s stetmi... Time cultivators of time soil. clothe an-l feed the whioie hiuman race. W hipt wuld beconme of p~hilo.mnihy, ofi -ciemnce. of' mm ne rzs, andm ini fact, if all time tramfes andmi oc'ctionmis of hife, if Agri culture shouiild i'tifp her sumpphies, mmndi -reuise fod to their idlimweirs. Stop mime piom::h or'the husbandimati. amid eaim yon concmive of- a wider mr mor e mem'ain hiv srene of' snifrering thmman would im thamt evenot hie poise'nted to time eye ? A nd yet are nut time Agrie'nitumral class, here.nnd every where, ini am Creat de'gre'e insensibile to the importancee of their positmen ini time soqcial state I Have they hnt fmmled to appieciate their mimpor ance,. and, ini faet, tameily acquiesced imn that haitual disparageoment ;' ftheir calling. by' whiich they ha.'ve been defraumded of a larce portion of' tme influence in society. to which they are fairly entitled!i Have we niot been too amuch ini the habit of mmnderrating our occupatimn, and of giv-~ itg undue weighmt and respectability to oithers ? or regarding the varionm learned professions as more honorable, and therefore more desirable? Has it not been the vain amnbitionm of:oo many of' our own class, to make lawyers and pliysi eians of opr sons, in name at least. withmout the ....aunufste .r-,ie~ t'chemir nonbifreamions for nro. State. How imperative etcouraging are the inducements, add us this day, iii dividually and collectivel titer upon, the great work of improve itb the solemn determination to remit and to spare no pains, that are esen -uccess, nor to panse or faulter in our , until we shall have rendered old Cain dismignuished for the stqte of her Agt- prsperity and independence, as shoe is- annual of her country, for the heroic e and daring achievements of her so great and me morable contest for In accomplishing the Ilated improve ment, which has this d4s together, I begin with the plonh confident per suasion, that it is to t t and cfficient agent in all our Agriculta rati"- I hold the propositic . r .. to the; grower of corr nosone cessfIl planti a';fieient ploughing. A ee com position of tie .3 which It sustaills at :.Abment and suppor to demon strate the utili .-r agent of eriual powe - .h bears to the vegerab on.and performs thes - -h does to the animal r - rnisies foid. hNt each -for the nourishment I -. hject; the stomach b by de composition. -h is to the land what . 1 the latter tlge:- - pared for the organs former the enrth is hr- inode to admit of a - tahe elements - Pu-. trefaction and V as. sume the forn they become food V! :1, prinf I ciplem upon a'.. .,,,rw, I consist of but smab. stances and t' -ouh I the ena, in g r--a :ording to the . I and animal rr: - furnish the pr---:-, riorI of mineral Va. -. "ich ecoming by che 1; ;1 4 inthey prin 1%14 mil. h t tm tp' t the pln. t a cdtaattniiundi prt~li t~nejilaiigla.-eg~. ita the#- fin: imp .%0U. tW. work ofI relaiiiiiag. (I orcoveriag ner cur gall ,Witli a cclt rtihe gavin; giill it-,, thlaa :a of tair pian atie.as %%lair lore no ar the bewv. A g them. Shaall -he inpeanreit mode orfbrra mire h:et f6:r iirty yearsl. land,; ifi tis neglohun ete xas :zil. Thoaloiircla.- ud I jeato i aiidrrlt~ the clantul pt d ton oi indl -mg~a~mte oftbir soi a hietpiough. an -nta --aemnigg it asth he~ana m s ip .h onnoneit the or ofe it, -~ elangonsatneldhr iisi ofmctverm I nal uar~ itall .in flt rende oa coa ie Na) vegetable air .- niioS.o mte gapmg la atos nuthittta o a nee andrai of hernaa benot. -dk ndo boehattun o. evcn.otn : ni g's.whc he imear-et, node of beaI alonu orisoure eanar hirtyuatarsla icl -- ea anlandasua inths fu eigrhow, aa-e'raolo to hexhaunt, idnge hm t in. til lf is sidja.a tod w ah I Increction w.. eitalthe judicionha ese of I tian~e.inwld reaiacoumie th carefl pre rti, if ald eae ate o eert der iion and Instad conemnit it rtoeav the ivr proucts of the eonod,hr in her on n.ed Inf nemt nstindhant)eanaprburnitbh o 'rtcio antio italksprod ysteme plnuianartio wponane old :he'r onpr aits a i twne re.-ra inam Thre'ilee snec and efatcien e feoario an nthb ofiche vilu the a anptening ete fthlemtarfthis Tlnm entrisconherted int tlid edfor the rtilt ond thppr lads ha for the whchdate ofnall thf produetions ond te arthe tnecesuld cnte nndmfpired thofg omn ame, cifl manwdetetr to thexy-trto mar, pnue wary last hal cnent torecieh rich lade. Schtncondomy, i herlown ga..e Teouainexms o ipenca ble prftbee ftsling frmteus and application of mnr.N ytmo pmrcany ofteiea succstandtrfinke ford any nth.a tof e witoutd th at of the Sftate B:th comost maure, hich nt ti strongrendoftrpilipengs.sandmirablyiadaptedsho edfthe fertilit ohild, and or madeb everunaner i anyth imagnaetintity eath, anecatytO our oldt and comfotse lf an, are chiotoy impbt tincheasyem fiy butnrig, Enand Shemoeando and Nehriande, yad mittingemureingadilm the es pano aicatindo ypsom r, an oferv them nra sbitnles nend wlo racetiously enquired of a gentlemangwne ther lie was engaged in the manufactute, and whether the frames and skeletons beibre thW were intended for the purpose. Better tr01t ment. and the introduction among us, of 16W mott approved breeds now in the country, con stitutetheonly remedy for the existiagevil, and he ivill deserve to be honored as a public beas fictor, who shall first enter with spirit and reWo lution upon the work of improvement. With regard to hogs, the very reverse of the foregoing rule is to ho recommended. No planter should be content tn make less pwk than will be necessary to su pply his own ma ly. Pride, interest, and a feeling of indepen deuce should combine, to stimulateevety plan ter. to the attainment of this end Our depen dence upon a foreign market, is a stigma upon our industry and entetprize, which we shoulb hastan to remove. It.should be an inflexible rule of every planter, to cultivate all -articles of food necessary to the wants of hiA family, to which his soil and Rittation are adapted. To purchase no article that ;an be cultivated a: home, is a maxim founded in wisdom, and is ea forced at this timic.*by considerations of interest and pntriotism. For the modus operaudi, the ways and means of effecting this reformation in our Agricultural Labits. I beg leave to referjod to the able address, delivered by Gen. McDuf fie beflre the State Agricultural Society in Co Inttbin. at the anniversary meeting in Decent her last. It will be found, nolatily replete with sotitid, practical views and patriutic sentimentil. but almso to abound with the profound reflectiong ora skilrul and eiperienced planter. There remains, gentlemen, but one other subject. to which I would invite your attentive contsideration. ar iitimately connected with the purpowes f ouir aslociation. and upon which our suiccess or failure is destined greatly to depend; I allude to the almost universal practice among planters, of condnctitig their pecuniary transac tions npon the credit principle. This has been forced t pon the m, by the introduction of a fal' and ruinous habit of anticipating the annual income romi erops, before the ptoceeds are re lized. and very often before the seed have geriniated in the ground. An inevitable con sequence of this suicidal practice. has been and must continue to be. to detraud the-planter out of his just position and influence in society, to reverse his natural relatidn to all other classes. whieh is one of comparative independence. and to substitute in its place one of degrading de pindence, if not of mortifying servility. At present it is little better than a state of volu-ta v subordinationr to our eqals, a deliverarce from which can only be efected, by casting off the fetters ora slavish custom,ta which we have too long submitted. Instead of anticipating our income, and graduating our expenditures by its supposed amounts, we insist adopt the wie and more prudential course of keeping a pot tion of the proceeds of our crops unapproprist ed. and if not inAurpookesatleast within o* certain control, wheniibrustmOr oriiU dep-udence. It will secure our emancipation from the humiliatin necessity of asking credit of the inerchant.of the lawyer, of the physician,. of the blacksmith, and of the tailor. Instead of receiving credit, as a favor granted to us, we shall have it in our power to arcept it as a lavor conferred upon others. It will then become the interest of all other classes to seek the cs ton and parronage of the planter, and his the proud privilege orconferring them, upon whom sotever he pleases. He will then become, an he shonld be, the only truly independent member of the social state, to whom in the natural order 4f things, all other classes should look for aid and encoura emeniit. I av-ing submitted those views. upon the va. rious ropics embraced in this address,it remains with you, geutiemien. to determine, whether they exhibit a faithful picture of existing evils, in the present state of our Agricultural econo y, and whether the remedies suggested, are appropriate and adequate, to' accomplish the cnange, and to secure the reform, which wesa' inuch desire? Are the interests involved, of suticient magnitude to command oar united energieu' in an unwavering effort, to promote their advancement, and to plant them upon ii froundation of pernanea security. Success in everv aspect of the subject, will be found to de pend upon our own voluntary efforts. Our re hanice mtust be upoti our own unfaltering wills amd ready hands, and when were these known to fail, under the gutidanice of prudence and wi-doim? 3ech may be achieved in the cause o implrolvementt, by the memibers of this Socie t. ini their associated capacity, by the mutes? iinsction which will flow frotn a free inter chage of opinion ; but more may be aecoma pliherd by our labors as individuals, devoted td' careful obs'ervationi and skillful experiment. Gri.st andi besieficial aesnilts may sprnng from the proceeditnps of this day. if they shall happi Ir in.pire us with the wvills and resolutions, suf ticiently active and impelling to carry io er eenion. she lalns and practices. upon whidh sncess will depenid. OJr apathy and negleet' maxi ,.neceedl to' the ardor, by which we areat pre'enit aitmmated, and by paralizing otr efforts, cauiie thme presetn ocaston to pass away ut prvd and unprodnetive of any future benefit. We should never be uihmindfuil of the fact, that. to live by the swea' of the birow, if not the law of tman's natuire. is the ine.rerable law of hiv condition. from which there can he no escape. ad that nothing good, or excellent, or valuable, or es'en desirable, ever was acconmplished with. out toil and lahor. Mlay I then, gentlemen, be permtted to make an appeal to your feelings sf prde of interest, of independence, of ga. tiotism. and in short, to every motive wheelh shoid initluence human action, this day to' pledge yonr laith, and dedicate your best ser vices with me. in the noble effort to elevate our condition, and to imptove and digitf the oe. en pation, wvhich we have selected, an with the pms -nits and rewards of which we have every iducement to be content. Success wil crown Iour well directed efforts, with as much certaits. Sas the-effect will follow the cause, and jie time will not be rejmote when the members' of this Society may proudly iong rut, shch other, upon th ihanglorosrithir -:4ll spring from their associated labors, ist teu gratcausof Agricultural reform a'ndiimprove ment. Renosau.si, 28th April, 1831. PtG SALL. .1. Lossing of Albany has sold a Berk shire boar and aow, the former for 6200,. -and the latter for $300, to W. P. Card of Kentucky. The boer with bisege weigh. c-I PROlbs. tion for the ramification of the roots, which the curt. and cotton plant send out in search of food. A system of manuring is not only re commended to our adoption by the increased fertility, which it will.imnpart to tor lands, but it will exe-rt a no less important influence, upon the fortues of the Agricultural community. in other points of view. It will enable the planters to lessen the qaiutity of land in cultivation, with out diiniiishing. in the smallest degree, the ex tent of theur income, and at the same timte to save tie expenditure of much labor and valua ble tinaber. now required in fencing and work ing rxhansted fields, which yield but poor and mneagre crops. By the fertilizing properties of muanure-, the crop is invigorated and improved. brought to maturity at an earlier pes iod, with greatly nugmented prodnct,and a saving to the plateiCr tinder ordianry circumstances of at least one inrking. I am persuaded, that the most imlortant reform in our present mode of planting. is to bcarhieved by lessening instead Dfincreasing the number of acres in corna and iotton. now allotted to each worker. Six acres in cotton and five in corn. tnder a fair system 7r manuring, will yield a greater product. with les-i ast-or, than eight acres of cotton and seven of c,.rn under our prescit sys:em. In act, there is hardly any limit, to which the fer tility and productr teness if lands mray not lie :nrried. by a enrefuil and persevering svstem fmainiring. Let no t:e he deterred. from the Ittempt to make inantire. lby any nlpprehni;on if t;.e snppnsed difficulties in the wtoy of su. --s, It is recommeintndel to our adoption by -very consideration of profit and expe-lienv. I'be reTts will atlord an ubtindant supply 'if ,egiiibly ninier. aid our Ftock or horses, cat 1c. fog- nit she-p. will aid i insigi it togeti. sr, and fertilizing it by their enri--iiig comiri stiomr't. No labor can be expeided to tmore idvant-age on n ptlaintation, than that appropri ted to the makintig )f manure. It is to tIe plan er, what moneyp- is to the banker and the usur r. It is his capital. the very sheet anchor of is brightest hopes or succcoo and pirosperity. he. who neglects the dity or inakin2 and nring t, may he jn-tly n'i-ned to thesniae categoly vith tle unirroitrable serv-irt, who buried his alent. arid foiled to, improve it. As another es-entiail prt of the system or re 'arm, I would te-comtiiend the regular and ju. icios rotation, ofcropie. The most approved otation agreeably to miy experience is. coition. Orn, and then sinll grain; and resting the 6d the foulth year, ifpracttcable. This rota mitended, by its agency to preserve i as the obvious .0t!, in the 9 e of the -ur mce~ re 1. n . The fibrous ty of been i .by r 1 ilbeome n a diff.rent crop ofr he same remark is grain aud rot crops. urieties.of the -e'getabtle must r.otstop at this pout. 1 usamend our ways in r'her important articulars, belh-ie our triumph will be com lpte. As plantte-rs we have been too 1ong in he habit of ueglecting the careful silectioni of eed, of all de criptionls, at the priper litte. To tie overseer, or t, soue ignorant se-rvat. this 1suty has li-et entrut ed, from year to yenr. 6it tee-rence to i other conside-ration'than a the quatriiy to fbe pro% ided. No care is ta en to procire- the- niost nppifro% ed vari-ty of the blfferent crops. but " e ,ie cOnteited tee pass ron year to) year. %% ith a bare n-uppily "f the in. already oa the plantation, re:ardrs at i1 ananual deterioratium, and of tire 6.s4 to which ye are thueihy enhjced. We f.rget to profit iv the in die :.tinn. n L ieb ature- holds up to us. id which would ifuillibrly guide as nriglt. if, r e wermid obhserve leer pl:eitiest law~ s. Like n:il wret like, is a prroposeiuioen in nature p0 true. lhat it has becenee a provu-rh. Ande yet how dor vee faiil tri oblery u it- peract ica:l sear-ling itt er kgrienitur.l operrati..ne. The moirt? of ius are sire-fua, andeve-n prains reking, in, the sele-ctiont or uced tfor uotr gardenge. iand ye leave tihe - min tav,'' the c ropis of~ ital iportarncr-, to chance mic arccidetnt. err to theu snpet visioni utfihose who ire neot qnaslified for the dnuty. 'Ina tis respec.t. 'e imiitalte by oner practi~e-s. that clss e-f man itid, whoe aire "- peny wise and peiud foeirk., Thlere is tno peart of our .'tgricueltral econeomy. noure delfectue or that regees a morere radic-d .hiitige, than theat wicih re-late-, to tihe etirei ratnngemtenit of etuck.- The prevnilinig praec ice has bre-en, to Lee-p as rmany uettle ern each dsantation,. as tire gleneinugs of thre tiel.de, rind lhe roirgh ollal freomi the creops, ar-.nally conrttte og err lintle el-.- than straw, will be snifiienrt ranrely tot seaitin iirough the fall aind winter uronths. TIhey are doomerd to re'-main itn epenr encto mure- tiaertighouest thre wvit!r.t rwthiout tire slight. 'set c-overirng. to protect ifheni agariin. the sevecri ie-s o'thati seasone; with ner oilier place frir their rosd, itan thie earthi un n~ bichr it is enreesly catterced, and withe which it bte-oines icorper sated iind soiled leftore it is half csnaenmted. A refoim in this deprartmtent, s-an only be effected by a funidiaetal chtange oifexisting practices trse inust reserlutely eenter aupotn thre task, by a redtrction of onr stuck of castle'. tsr at least one half the prr'esnt inmbaer. hy thre erection of shled sers to tehichh thema trom tire rigorirsof the win ters corld and rain, annd by the tintely provision of inore nuriirhing food. sucht as pumpn~kins, reculenrt roots, peas. pen vines, hay. green rye lots, coral andl wheat bran. with occasional stip pilies of mixed oats and meal; all of which tmay be p roduaced in adeqnate quantities, sipon an) well mianraged plantatioan. Thre plantter earl in cenr no trouble err expenice. for a heich he will be more abeundantly rewirded, thain that, which he bestoewa aipont his stock. From Icing irnid hiabituial nesglect, onr presenrt race of cattle ha ve beconmesmall ar.d degenierate, scarcely affeordinig remuneration to the ownrers, fotr evenr the little care iand scanty fooed. awuard ed so them during thre seasoen of winter, If you demand prooif of thris allegatioin, let me invite you to cast your eyes at this moment over the country, and with what a miserably poor, out cast and poverty stricken race of animahs are you presented. Ih their emacisted fieshless bodies, ... m.rs realiz the sae'rm ofthe Kentuckian.