Newspaper Page Text
.VerLUME n-I.ase1 court flose, %.cU. 'imbti Ii, IsBI. .N* -1 '4p9i]LI) AlDVEUTISER, ST W. I. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR. TERMS. rhroe DoItarS per annum. if paid it .jgs --Three Dollars and Fifty Centi if ot paid before the espiratiOn. of Sil moeahe fn the date of Subscription seA Foar Dollars i set paid within twelvq Maoths. Subscribers out of the State ar r ed to pajy li adeant. o ubsecrtption received for lose thai ese year, and no paper discontinued unti -al arroarages are paid. escept at the op .tIa'orthe Publisher. All sabscription4 will be continued an teas otherwise ordered before the expar *iag of the year. Any person procuring fve Subscriber sAa becomin responsible rot the same aball receive the susth copy pratts. AdwrtieCts conspiculnoly inserted a "I *ento per square, (12 lines, or leer, for the frst lusertino, and 431 ets. for earl contiosaOce. Those published monthly or qearterly will be charged $I per squarn for each itsertion. Advertisements no baving the number of insertion' market on them, will be continued until orderer sAt ad charged accordingly. AV ee.mm alcations addressed to thi Ediec,- pat paid, will be promptly and striedr ausaded to. "0n11 Of -South I ntrolina. EOGVELt.D DISTRICT. I T= COMMON FLEAS. C. A. Do"e w. . go.ga MNj.W Geo. Tmasea.d Hory Can,w- W . Theusms T W'B laimife ha tiis daY Sled his Do Ieleratia in in = and eo Deluadaet "aing s 11fe or aherney knowa to be wthin dhe State, on whom a copy ofde ame.witha celete plead. eolk be served. 'It Is esdued abat the dere dsamtiend - aca e savid decetso withim a year and as flail wasohlute j~dFGMwlie Ihtin. ., Q XWEC. C. r. May U. I 1 . f W. ae 16, . tate of bsth .a. olina. aANWELLr.DIsTaICT. O 1 h a-d"vI Wled in this case. oPsaterl. it isoeedd that te deendamt Jesse McCreary. who resides witheat the limis athe Swte do answer. Pised. r demur othlewithin BilL riuin three mosh. r judgmeat will be takem against Was proea A. P. ALDRICH. c. z. a. v. September 23.1841. mU U State or soutih Caruuiina, EDGEFIELD DISTRICT. IN THE COIMON PLEAS. C. J. Glover, vs- ingas 4'am"' A. Helsinheek. N EREAS the Plaintifin the above sta. W ted caw. ha thisaday fled hiideclaraoion aat tm ilefeudat. who is absent from. and ithout the limsit. of thi Se. meist is ad..baC% ing nither wife nor anorny,known wihin the =se, on whom a copy ofthe deriaration with a rule to plead tMereto. might be perved. Order. d; that te Defedant plead to the aid declare ti, within a wear and a day, frum the date thtef, otherwme' fin Wal and el jdgmt will e awarded agaist hias. "e's opk, GEO. POPE, c. c. P. 00 i8, 1941. a" 3 -State Of South Carolina, EDGEFIELD DISTRICT. 1I THs COM-MON P.E AS. Britte Miume. e. De"'*r'i"s Aa& Iloles & Sinclair. "" WTEREAS the Plaintilin the sbove sa' -sdas.has this day Bled his declers ad the limits of this Sae.aiti id havig etr wier -doU~ uw d esar wita rsie tar lead thretse un ht be seuved Ordeed, that L etidansts ped to tead dcelarstion. within a year and a day. from the date tereoe. ouherwise final and absolute judg met win be awarded agan. them. ge O POPE, c. c.rp. Oct 38 I - ae 38 - Notice *. 3' S ERESY GIVEN, that application will Abe made, at the aest seursion ofthe Legis-. ae.eran amendmant of the Charter iuacer perating the Tow ofP LBORDE, I atadsat. MaylO0,184t 6as. I5 W N RES GIE.that apJ io will at te net sesies' e giela af esmucherth oldCharleston Read as-a public highway. leading from the irk of the isa d and Islandford ted, to Augu'15 tf 32 iMetlee. qet o swees them preperly antested to N. L. Gim, iq.. my soorey wida whom: il ha pleced al e'es ad anceneas due the st. - ELLEN T..WALLACE. Qsastsie d Pe a r z Noticee who havedemandain tesrrquee r 'isedr psn in to the saiberibm prerly I itoe,. withn the time prescribed by law. J. P. -BURN?- Adars ED.!PRES3.EY. s..t II, T ____griceulturaL From do Agricaltaist. EEPZ5IMENTS IN FEED35o SILK WORMS, CLTIVATsINO wUEAT. &C. The letter below, written by Dr. Springs of Warren Co. will evidently be read with much interest. As to the best mude of flossing cocomns, about which fie euquires, we can only say, we have tried no oiler plan hut that or pulling away the flss with the fisgers; and an to the idea of limne and sulphur preventing the depredations of the Hessian fly, we have no fasess to state ;it point. and nothing less can have any weight. nMesrs. Editors-I have noticed a call in ~evral numbers of the Agriculturist, for facts-I have a few which I will commu niee. sed which, i yot; think worth pub lishinig. vou are at liberty to do as. For the first time I have been lain some at tenion to the culture of Silk, and I am happy to say I have succeeded beyond my most sanguine expectaaions. I led, by way of experamnest. about 15.000 worms, and of that number I lous perhaps 100. They appeared petfectly healthy until the lase moulting. when they %ould swell near the head, to.n purple anid die-when dead. they w uld soon smell very ofensive. I am well satisfied that mine died in conse quence of being crowded, a want or air. and os being cleaned often enough after the second uoulting. My worms were hatched the middle of April-were fed first en lettur, anterwards on common mulber ry and maulicaulis mixed, but principally do The common mullerry. The leave* were generally dry, though sometimes they I were wet. The worms were not cleaned 4 oftener than twice a week at first, std for i the two last weeks but once a week.- I They were fed in. tF.- upper rooms or ny 4weaing house; there are two windows i v one conm opposite each other, bat in the f other romamtibere is but oe-it was in this % room sad on that side desitute of a win- I1 dow, That I n( tmy woems died. There was i no re in the rooms, nor were they warm- I ed its any way from the. time they were j batched until they wound up; nor were the a winaws ever closed except during the i night or rainy o very damp misty weath- c or. . Asaanoher worna died i &M y fi 7- had ,a pare of worns which I understood were (i dying very fast-I imamediately visited them to see whether I could eseecsain the P cause, which I had on difficulty in doing. ii They were up stairs in a close room, ven- 11 tilated by as asertiure only the size of a d piaise of glass, shielded by the shingles only fl Irnst the raym' of the suns, and they were gi er..aded. I advixed tbem to remove them n toa cuol airy roomas andl sprinkle or sift a lime over them every other diay at least; r they did so, and informed me they lost e none after they tiove. them. A, genleman in M'Minnvillee fed a j great many nornms this seassn, in soame chase badly ventilated room up s'airs-shey p did well until near groan, when they * comitmeuced dying by thousands; nor was the disease arrested until they were remiss ved to well aired ronnis, when they be- o came healthy. ' My wife has reeled off the cocoons on tse p comanon reel, and althnugh they were the tl first she triel to reelorever saw reeled, she n reeledl them with but little trosuble-the F most trublet is to loss them-(will you be c so good as to state itie anost expsditiosti e5 way of flussiig the ccton!) She has i twised. doubled and twisted some sewina % silk. wiich our mnerchants say is in no re- if spect inferior to the best Italian, and i: is o much stronger. I haxe not the least doubt A bus Trennestsee can be mnade one ofthme prin- e espual silk growing States in the Untion. I h ried anexperinsent with a part of myeggs, e o see if I could prevent them hatching t until I could have plenstysof fomd. In Felt- g rmary I took a part of them and pus them in a vial and corked anal sealed it tight. lI then placed them in a press drawer-they a did not hatch when the rest did. I e Il' thems remsain until the rest were growin, whben I smnorked them and exposed them d to 5 .e attsphere, hut never could hatchi them. The time so sow wheat has well nish arrived; as we suler monre perhaps fromr the fly than from any other cause (except l' negligence in putting in the crop.) I willa state so you an experiment I made in sow- I ing wheat, which experiment I hsad pub lished in time Southmern Cultivator, but as all the reatders oh the Agriculturist may I not have hadl atn opponunitv of perusing the Sothers' Cmubivamur, if you thtnk it wothysaf publication. yous can re-publish I it. UIn the mionth of March, 1840. on the I15ih day of the mnonth. I sowed some spring wheat, whsich was sid to be fly I pymil, fronm the fact that it could he sowed I ins the spring when the fly would not touch s, and at the same timne it would make a I good rop o wheat. It isvery true it had ben sowedeveral years in March and had not failed to produce a reasonably good cnp, hut I assore you my ceop was whnlly destroyed by she fly-the 500th stalk did not escape! My neighbors, Messrs. Jona han Wonton and Thomas Bonner, sowed tae same kind of wheat about the same time, andu theirs shared the same fate. I do not know that the By will not injure wheat In thse fall, hut I know they will stain it in he spring. The same season I had a erop of Orleam wheat sowed in October preed iog, whieb made a half crop. Query: would not the sowing of lime and sulphur mixed, say 2 lbs. of the latter to a bushel o the former, and sowa on the wheat just atopenia up ofthe winter, say , st Ikir ...,lt in Varuary- anmi reuestcdin)March. sown in the proportion of 3or4 bushels to the acre, be a good preventative of bse al tacks of the By ad also improve the crop of wheat? Thee is much more feeling among us on the subject of imprevement in agricul ture and mechanics than formerly. I hope and anxiously expect that our stock rair in October, will have the desired effect. We have a pleasant secion; a considerable portion is very productive, and the parts unsuitable for cultivation in corn, &c. a.ssm to be the hie of the herds grast. Warren county could be made one of the presiies and pleasansest, sad as it is one of the healthiest, would be one of the mast desirable sections in the State. The ob ject with snme of us at least, is to get our farmers in read and to think, then we know all will be well. To thisend,in lay ing our premiums we have made a good tmny, and we pay them all in Agricultural Journals, or Grass Seed, at the option of the receiver, except those on domestics. Our premiums are nominally lesir than those of our sister Societies, but we think will be of much more value, to the owner than cups or spns, and you may rest as sured we have notlorgotren our own much .teemted State Journal. That your Ia ',ors may be crowned with the happiest consequences, is the sincere desira of your bumble servant, THOS. B. SPRINGS. Hiekory Creek, Sept. 1841. Frem the Senthera Planter. FALL PWOUcHXG. The following article, from the Genesee Parmer, on the subject of fall ploughing, eems to Us judicious and well timed. It :oincides, too, with our previously formed pinions on the subject, which, we believe, ire those also or a majority of farmers. Ind yet. we understand that some or our most practical men, and best informed srners. aes opposed to the system. Mr, Villiam Wickhal. we understand, con emus it, and Mr. E. Winston expressed ) as his determination to abandon it. We iould be uuch pleased to learn the ob wtions of either of these gentlemen to ystem that is so generally approved. - say be, that their land is of the baracter alluded to itt the last pars rate, we should be ldi The following are the reasons giv ivor of fall ploughing: "The *Practical Farmer' says, the more tientific opinion is in favir of fall plough g, because to the action of air and meis- i ,tre it adds that offrost. whose sceptic or I iviina quality is second only to that of I e plough itself. in clay soils the pre- i aratioa should never he omitted; because n tslne the action of the frost is greater, ,d beesuse one ploughing of this kind, ay sare two in the spring, when time is very thing. -The Monthly Genesee Farmer. vol. 1. age 180, in an article on this subject. says: -jst. It is one of the established priuci lesof philosophical agriculture, that the i il derives nutch ofits productive proper- I v from the air, and that chemical ehan- i es and combinations are constantly going I a, by which fertility is much Increased. 'hese alternative effects or the atmos- I here. and these changesof the qualities of ie soil. are the more active and elicieht as ew surfaces are exposed to new ationm 'or instance, mtch greater quantities or rbonic gas will be absorbed by a given I irface of earth. ifthe earth is frequently I irred, than if it was allowed to remain I rith a single saturated surface. Plough on. by exposing new surfaces to the action I f the atmsuspltere must be productive of i asential benelit; and as fall ploughing i enrally takes plan'e after crops which ave partially exhausted the surface of .me of ins nutritive and absorbent quahi es, its service in aid of spring crops isI realy enhanced. "2.1. There is always on land more or ss grass, weeds, stubble, or other vegeta Ie matters convertible into mould by fer-. nentaion and decomnpositin, a process which is greatly aided by being turned un ir the surface of the earth. Fall plough ug renders such suabstances much sooner vsvilabe in advanicing the growth ofecrops. :an they would be if left uncovered d u ing the winner, independent of the great msa necessrily sustained by the washing away of the lighter materials and their dis erson by the winds. --3d. Nothing acts more efllciently on noist soils in promoting vegetation, than igh pulverisation; and fall ploughing aids his operation most essentially. Lands hat if ploughed in the spring only, will f plongbed in the fall, he found loosened texture and Btted for early operatior. in he spring of the year. Frost ns the moss tticient disintegrstor ofthe soil with which he agricultursnst is aerjnainted, and bos hould avail himself of its valuable labors n all practicable eases. "4th. The earlier the ground can he pre ared for she suitable reception of spring rops, such as corn, spring wheat and bar ny, the better ii will be fosund for the culbi aor; and in nine cases out of the ten, uarly sown crops are the -heaviest and ost piuctive. h. Poghlng land acts more efeetn d ndestroying insects than any other mxde oftireatmsent, and fall ploughsing for this purpose is preferable to ay other. rhose inse hieh pnduce the mns aib hief to the farmer, snob as the By, cut orm, grub, &c. cannot resist the frost of sur winters, if prematurely exposed jo its eion by a fall ploughing. The cut worm which accumulates in such numbers in old meadows and pastores, is thus destroysd, amu n1 rp nslnuted 0n them saved. e.Lasat r summers are su limited in duratino,- *unless the time allotted to vegetalina e occupied by the growth and ripel plants, the ,ertaln failure Ofcrops . , anticipated, Hence the farmer is more hurried by his work in the spriathan he ought to be. iin order to avoid bapig his cropi caught by the Frost and s. it should be the object of the former tbave his necessary labor as nearly.eque through she season as pos sible, and i void all pressures at in oeene3 s of the year, Experi ence s the farmer in most cases, hasme e hoursin the fall of the year than yother time, and he who would w right, should employ this time in ng his next spring's work. for sucb thing emphatically is, sad thus pro the pressure .of buines the en - '.0 porns, those composed of gavel io which, for the want of a reten b-stratumni anuresare-apt to sink, a 'r good effects so be lost; ea on landslit to be washed, as side hills, where the particlesof the soil are in danger of carried oIT by every rain, or the melt the snow, fall ploughing may not be' *ble, but on most others we are co t its adoption will be atten ded with al effects." gea ' of Ih;asdry. J1g OUTT, Aug. 16, 1841. Priend k.-Allow me through the columns, r valuable little Journal, to lay bet r patrons and the public the result very new species. called the Cluster n, which I must conless eis. a yet seen of tIhe staple of our eo.' itch has been said in favor of the ph, Texas and Multibolled has had $to day, aseve -y ry, but the Cluster Cot on supplanted by any pro or The stalk grows up wimh ical form-more substan to austain its fruit frnm than even the Petit are of somewhat dif oreeer color; is I over two great agri it is emi etion of the 50 percent above ny other Costot, as is adnitted y those pl ho have had the good rtune to g s. The ,olls are ye large. an en fully grown, crowd aec other on the branchas--possessng a smaple equal to the alullibolled Cotto.n, vhich has been classed with mecond quali. y of Sea lands by all competent judges: s stalk bears a boll. uben it puss fIrih a ranch and blooms anew between the ;rown halls, which together wish its thot ands of formss has never beets before oh. erved of any other kiMel of cottos. The rms are produced in Clustersof rrom two o four bolls; from whence I presnme, it rnperly derives its name, and there is ue r less thnu two bolls on difercut sides of lie branches. The joints of the branches are nearer to ether than in common entsons. canse luently there are more bllq ani forms. [here are at this early season, on single ranches not over ten inches in length, row six to eight full hulls with as many looms and forms. Thios is indeed a rare species of cotton, utlly denonstrating the wienderful devel pements that are going on in the agricul ure of the country. The gentleman b~poni whose rarm I have seen this only ncre of cotton, tells me, he preferred planting is upon pine land, that me mght give mi a fair experiment upon) an xhausted soil, which has been sn, for ma my years past, anud without any addiltional .elp but that of mere ploughing andi hoe ing; he is sanguine of realizing over a square hale of cetton for his acre of pine Laud, and ho fartber adds in a letter shat I have just received from him; since I visited is farm: -3ly Clater Cotton is she thing - shall gather (if nthing befalls it,) a suad of Couts to thme alk-l shall pick t out and count ste stalks: last year, you remember, I bud in my garden only three 'talks, that bore me many seeds, and fruim hose tharee, I planted this year one acre (barely,) nf old piuae land-one stalk pro clueing me one pound and a quarter ofecot ton. i am chiedy of the opiniona, thbat up on our old exhausted grey lands, this cot Ion, planted in hills, at two by three and a half feet apart, .when manured with com post or stable suanire. will yield in any or loary season, froma 1500 to 200J0 ponds safseed cotton per acre-.-thenl what will it not do on virgin laids ?. 1 have watched it closely during the last two seasons, through all its stages, and am convinced shat it can stand all the vicssit tudes of climate lbtter then any other cot tonl have ever chltivated. I have already sagege seven bushels of the seeds and shalt teal- e more from them tan the beat twenty acres of coton in this ounty at gfteen .cens per pound, will Thi is from not only a Practical, expe riened and suceafl planter. hut any opiaon of his agdetiltuee is authority its the section where be resides. PLOUJGHSHARE. Inm LAs Aricsaai. TN5 cow. Of all domestic reaturrs we esteern the ow the mtost valjable- The horn wil c.... ug bgrdns. and PuIl tile Cirt gnd plough; the hog will give us desh for rood, if well fed; but the cow will furnish us milk, butter, cheese and meat, rey bur deus, pull the plough. anld almost cloth us. (t is not 14e leas surprising, the peasatry in many pars or Europe esteem the -cow so highly. They take her into their friendly cottlages. and give her a warm bed in one corner, while she is feeding the fiamily.- 1 We have often wondered how it could be possible for the poorer classes of tha-cotnn try to live without the faithful cow. In deed. we have often asked ourselves if the produce ofthe cow is not the most impor tant part of our living. So far as we are concerned, we would greatly perfer all the quadruped tribes being annihilated, be fore we would give up the cow-the be.t friend of the brute race to man, There is nothing strange in the fact, that the English have done so much to improve their breeds of catle. and that good ani mals briog so high. prin when we r dfet upon their use Ut families, and to every individual. We have greatet desires to i see the cow still improved in this country, than any other stock, as swinish as we have seemed to te. In improvement of cattle, however. the people of the United States have done but little. We have imported some noble creatures, and some fair ones have been produced here, but we ask where the people are, in this country, that have studied properly the science of breeding and rearing fine cattle? We believe there has been but little system, and less science, known as yet with our most succesful stock growers. If we ever rightly appreciate the cow, we will understand the secret of breeding cattle of one shape for milk; another for beef; and still a third for oxen. We will learn the milk cow must havy light fore t quarters and brisket, thin neck, delicate a head, soft, silky coat, wide hips. and Ihin thighs; while the best animal for beef, has a short thick bead and neck, heavy quar lers, rond barrel and short legs; but the ux is louger in the limb, body, and indeed in all his proportions. When breeding a domestic animal' is reduced to a science, 6 the different hreeds for the milker, beef and ox, will be discussed with she greatest $ ravity, and the particular strutmue of each w will be considered indispensable. NotA wly so, but the proper inanagemeat-o cattle in each stage of the growth will be looked upon as a mailer of more impor- i ance than the attention now given to the racer in each year of its growth. When we esteem the cow as -ye should, we will have her winter quarters, in point ofcom ort, next to the family dwelling, and we will learn thatt even currying is at least as erviceab.e to the cow as the horse.. The t proof that we do nat put a proper esuimate b apun the cow requires no other argument is ian the fact, that not one faruser perhaps W n fifty has even a comfortablo shelter or wholesome winter food fur cattle. lb Pennessee, we have enough of the iknpro- tb 'ed breeds, and we trust a sufficiency of ;nowledge to romnence improving. I (we is lariersstudy our own comfort and in- d crest, %%e %ill produce breeds of cattle b sore valuable than any yet in ekistence. and the prices heretofore given for the best burt horned Durham, will be tn more than S--starting bid" fur them. There is no loubt in the world, a race of cona may be nade which will give a bushel of goodl milk ach per day, and could we inn gine an idequate price for an animaul of this de. ription? te We oed more science, more persever- ,i ince, inure care, and more of every thing i but is to our advantage, to have such cattle b is wAould be as valuable as *0 'could de- 1 ires Will not farmers give more Uttcntion q m their caftlei 54 aEEN aT E AsA At7UE Foa CTToN AID coaa, Mrt. Editor.-For some years back, I 0 ave been using green rye lasted in as a h nanure for roy cutton anal curn. If the b aration of my mode of dating it, will be a f any benefit to your readers, lain willing hat you should make it pubilh Iti Some time duriug ihc maont o olNovem- b er, I run a trench upon the sides of the b ad cotton beds, with a small plintgh, which b have made for the express purpose.- ti 'his plough is formed in the followintg a nanner:-A billet of wood about four * feet lung is selected, and at each end a small trenchtng iron is fixed. To this bil let handles tbh the ploughmsan are attached; 5 ulso a shaft to hitch the plough traces to. 'he trenching irons must be placed upoti a the billet abutt three feet and a half apart ~ o that when the plough is placed in the , lly of the old cotton beds, they may be el treched on each side. With a plough of :1 this kinid, a light mule may trench many n cres per day. in the itrenches mada as at aove, the rye must be sowed at she time el already mentioned. From being planted on the side of the ed, the rye will not he injured by the severe winter, because too much wet will not collect around the young plants. Early in Febuary I list in the rye, which a has by this time pretty well grown up and p immediately after bed upon it,' The rye a will soon rot in this state, and will alord a a fne manure for the cotton or corn plant, k during :he spring. . . For several years back I have tried this =h experient, and have found it a never a failing resaseistor to worn out land. The e B ratpeeof lanad(sis acres)lItried seven 1 years ago. At that time it was msra- n bly poor. .By planting rye uon it. and f ploghing it an green hortawo years runng t I have been planting the field to cotton eve ry year since with the greatest advantags. I have applied green rye to wy cert c ri'h the a330 cfect, At another time, I shall !r11-r0 w Four readers some hints upon the applic' ion of green oats as a manure fr* pota os. For the present, I remainyour wel sigher, Att Iabitant of St. BarhelOmews. Freths Waster Farmer. RAWSPLASTieio rivmi ftszs toT: t&3FLL Mr. Snow:-The very judicious amu roper observations of yourtorrespoddebt dr. T. W. D-inham, on the subject ut ransplantlg fruit trees, commend them elves to the good sense of every one who tas a taste for the ce bivation of fruit; but I :annot. rur the life or me, see the necessity if digging the boles on the south side he stakes, in prefcrence to any other side. eoks they are dog unifunly. I am indu ed to think the holes aslild be from three o four feet ina diameter, instead of two eet, as recommended by Mr 0., this how ver, depends soweihing on the nature oi he soil. in a loose soil the necessity of road holes is not so gmat as in hard team icious soils. I am well satisRed that faot !antiing is far preferable to spning for all tid& of trees, frvit, ornamental and forest, ins well as all kinds of shrubberry. Tb slanting should be done early. say imme liately after the September rains. and not ater than the first of October, so as to give he riots a chance to strike or start in Irwth, before the setting in of winter. l'hose set in this rail will have nearly a hole year's start of those set the next ipring. Whilst I amon the subject ofruit rees, allow me to supply a deficiency in ny communication on the subject of grafting," cutting and preserving grafts. ke. Grafts may be cut any time after the irst of February, before the buds wart in he sring; the later the better; they should ways bc of the last year's rwth. A MOW" . JEAD. Parington. OaklanJ co. Aug. 21, 1541. GATHER UP ALL TUa MAuaE. All the manure, of evoey deseriptioni round buildings, should be removed to the eld. and very rich soil, not wanted l ift resent place for purposes of culivation, ould be exchanged fur pure earth, which ill be more clean, pleasant and belhby. I decaying vegetable matter. around-er ebif tIN-IFose~5a-80itettD hieb alne is g sufficient reason otr clean ig up all around the dwelling, to say thing of the advantage of collecting ma aft. Near some buillings ate piles of ashesi ich haVe been atcuutulating for years. They should he put on light lands. shes that have been leached, attd have it; long exposed to rains, are still valua e. In such cases, a hard, smooth crust formed over the top, and throws off he ater, and protects the greater part of th ile from being drenched in rains. In order to keep the air pure and sweet, ie mud and filth produced from the bink iould be carried away. A farmerof good ste will be careful that neatness and or .r prevail around his premises. T-scan done h every one, let his circum anes be what they may. It cost ithing bst good inanagemeit, %%hich in e Ped always provzs to be cleapa- Yan e Farmer. nUNNT XAoS AID 1tooP :ILoS. In a late number of the Farmer's llegia r, there is an ahicle taken from a Mis ssippi paper respectiig Gunny Bags. and oop Iron, for packing Cotton, &c. These gs are brought from Calcutta; they are ra strong fabric, are manufactured in large uantities in the East Indies where labor cheap, and come here in the shape of cks to avoid the duty laid on roll hag ing. They are easily cut and sewed, so u to make a neat and stubstantial envel e for a bale, capable of resisting the boat jokksluite as well as the ordinary hemp igging, and much cheaper. A great dea and has sprung up in the UInite States owing out of the high duty, laid on for gn bagging. It will take five gunny ags to a bale (each hag holding about two shels and a half) at 12ecents each, would :00 cnts per bale. Therefore, Hemp igging, at 25 cents, 6 yards to the bale. ould be 81,50 per bale, making a differ ace or90 cents per hale. There is another substitte which the anler can use for bale rope, hoop irna, hich would be a consIderable saving. It an be bought for 7ecents wholesalet where rope costs 12 ceuss. Suppose eight munds would lie required to the hale. there ould bo a saving in favor of iron hoops6 40 eents per bale, and we are sure that tepackaes would be much neater and ore durable. Thus, if the planter sub inttes these articles, be will make a ear aavingl on each bale of $l,5. oanburg Journl. tAiET touR tooL.. Every farmer should be provided with small quantity of the coarset' kind of ins-a few paint pots and brnuhbe d paint oil. Itis very easy to iit them. id by keeping a small supply, he might sep his implements always In a good ate of preservation, The espunse would ridin, and the trouble next to aothingi sd besiles it is wisely ordaIned that vae so neither sow nor reap without troUbleb 'e greatest of all trouble, must be that r having nothing to do. To have a place ir every tuol ont the farm, and to heap tern all painted and in good erder, and rbsen not used, protected from son and ir, oight to be an amusiag as It isen oabted a binding obligation n eeryi(* .m~fariter.