Newspaper Page Text
" Erttcs-4*r - r
dw ad Money MVe is- p)
ofteCotton Brokers- it
intel gece from
iad Syria-sae of
Tratoe caarkets, M.
Ti.. rojal Mail Steamer Britannia, &
Capt. Hieiu, arrived at Boston last eve
ning at 5 o'clock. Our. ever faithful
f'rien., Mr. Roberts. of the Boston Times,
promptly despatched an Express locomo
tivo with our papers. which reached Prov
idence at 7 o'clock, and there conneetd t
%with the steamboat New Haven, CupJ i I
Dunstaid, which brought our etpress
through. and arrived here at half past 6
We have full files from London to the
3d, and Liverpool to the 4th inst. -The
news will be found highly interesting and
important. The aspect of financial and
commercial affairs is decidedly more favor
able than was generally anticipated, as
will be seen by reference o the state .of
Foremost in importance is the intelli
gence of the appointment of Lord Ast
buiton as a special Minister to the Unied
States, for the purpose of 'Intering into
negotiations for the final settlemient of all
ditliculties between the two countries.
The repudiation doctrines, about which
somuch bis been said in this eountry,
caused no excitement whatever in London.
The papers scarcely allude to the subject
The Message of President Tyler had
Lpen received and read with much inter
est and satisfaction. Its pacific tone
caused immense rise in the funds.
The news from Turkey and the East
indicate further disturbances. There has
been a change of Ministry at Constantino
The French Chambers were opened by
a speech from itia King on the 27th ut.
Every thing was quiet at Pari-s. and the
reduction of the army was progressssng.
Fros dho Merning Chronide.
Special Misuionto the United States.
Lord Ashburton's appointment has been
favorably received in commercial circle.,,
and given a tone of confidence to the hol
ders of state stocks. iiis lordship's all.
pointment will be acceptable to the Amer.
icans, as the Messrs. Barings have been
for many years most extensively engcaged
its American atl'airs, and, in fact, the
agents of the American governtneut in
monetary operations. Ilia lordship is be
sids a citizen of the great republic, and
one of the largest landed proprietor, too,
in the stateof Pennsylvania. His talentis
as a man of business are well known. Ile
is one of the largest householder% in the U.
S., and Lady Ashburtin (late Miss Bing
ham) is an American by birth. Well ver
sed in the histor, and value of state hwnds,
and of the peculiar structure of the Ameri
can constitutiun, he will be able to press
upon the attention of the Americans the
necessity of punctual provision for the pub
,i4c enagem ts. =The Americans them
ltis~are ~~Ws'stugbrds bysbe dis
tress with which their securities are look
ed upon, for they are thereby depriyed or
one ol their principal means of supporttng
their own prosperity, and, until their credit
be restored, their trade and manufsactures
must be in a depressed conditions. ilut n
4 ~ satisfactoey arrangement of their diffe-r
enccs with this country is. in she first place.
absoiutely necessary, as a prelude so ste
futurelhappiness and welfare of the Union;
and tis smportant object, we trust, will
now be accomplished.
State and Prospects of the Cotton Mar
ket-The cit ctalar of the Cotton Emrker's
Association for the yesor 184li, which i'.
.now b.efore uts, affords us no opportunity,
of offering a few remarks upon the pbr'.5ett
condition and future pruapects of this im
portant branch of manntfacture. Be-fore
entering upon these. however. ye shasll en
deavour to bring before our readers. it a
succinct form, the principal facts and
figures which that valuable document pre
seats to our notice.
The total import of cotton into) the LUnited
Kingdom during the past year has beern
1,341,649 hales. agniust l,60J6.408 impor
ted in lb40U, sheniung asderese ins 184I of
258, y40 bales. rThe stock its the portson
the ;ilst D~ec. 18410 were 464.0J59, and ott
the 31st Dec. 1841!, 549,660: beninu san in
crease in the stock on band of 75.610 bales.
It is estimatesd, houwever, that. as a set oif
to this increase of steck in. the port s. to.
-quantity at present held by "alhe tru'te "is
less by 40 or 50,000 bale-s thian nt5 a cur
responding period itn she past y'ear.
The deliveries for consumrptioss have
bee 1,146,720 bales, or .n nverne~e of 22,
052~ hales per week against 24.72-1 its 1840.
This on the face of it. i< a tfallinsg offs inte
consumptltiont of 2tJ72 baules per week, or
105 per cent. lTaking inuto coniidetraltiont,
however, the diminustio, above msenttoned
in the stock held hy ilte trade, the cotsnsp
gion is estimated to have been '23,000 hale;
per week, being a decrease of 1721 bale*s
from that of 1S40. baut an increase of 2G40
bales upon that of 1836, whaich is .stated,
however, in the circular, we subj.mtt erro
neously, at only 1300. The imtports insto
the port of Liverpool during~ the year 1841l r
have been 1,161,9-49 against 1.416,266 in r
the year preceding, beinag a conside-rable
decrease. The stuck oan hand. ina o r port
ont the 31st Dec. IS-4i was 429.8J0 hsales
against 366,141 at a correspohn.ling perned
ina 1840, being an increase of 63.6b9 hales!
held in Liverpool,
Yuan~~.-Te Havana papers contain
One of the periodicals of that port says,
sThe reports of the result~of thze negocta
iOnubr en u oermn n is the Me:
cean Commissioner, ar o ofired.-n
.solid basis: The terms of te compactt
-.,.are such, says an intelligent person of this
.that they are approved both hier. and Il
-and give us the adlvantasges of'
ence and the Fe-deral C-'. 4
Acrcpon~dent of thte same s
7 peple generally expressed t
the occasion." t
is made of the T'exian fleet '
,begu ofltheir coast.-N, 0-.
conmpondaacc of Ie Ckeskaen Coser. C
The Committee on the Currency, of I he
enate. have agreed, it is said. to make a _
,portof a new project, based upon the
Ian referred o them. They retain noth
1g but the Treasury notes. 8and these are
1 be issued on actial deposites, to an ;
mount, not exceeding fifteen million.- V
'he control ofthe board is taken from the d
Oresident, by a provision requiring the as
n of the g--tate to uny removal of a
tember of the board. This, however. rests
n suir. The provisions may be some
rhat Iliferent from those here stated.
There is now little probability that the
ankrupt hill will be repealed in the Sen
te, Ui is well ascertained that, even j,
hould Mr. Culhbert, of Geor-ia arrive i c
ime to vote for the repeal it will be lost by
t lie vote.
Mr. Walker, in the Senate, to-day, ur
ed the necessity of acting on the repeal
pill before the 1st of February, in order to
void the. legal diffirnhies which would
rise in case the law should h repealed,
tier processes were commenced under it.
But nothing further was done than to
-ead the hill a second time, no day has
een assigned for taking it tp. t
The Treasury Noto hll was discussed
>n its third reading and finally passed. 21
0 20. Mr. Calhoun spoke two hours, ve
ry currecily. in favor of retrenching the
spenditures of the governent, Lhich
nd, as he showed, increased, in twenty
ears, three fold-from nine millions to
iwenty six millions, while our population
Nail increased ouly 75 per ceut. lie un
erfated many subjects of reduction and
-alled upnn the whige, who, he said, had
ome into power on the faith of promises I
of retrenehment, to fulfil their pledges.- I
lie made statements shewing that the
navy cost us oue-third as much its the
whole expeuse of maintaining the British
navv. and sail. that unless the expense
ouid lie so reduced as to enaile us to keep
the navy on the same rate of expense with
that of tfrest Drinin, it would he useless
to rely on that source for defence. lIlees
timated the necessary ezjpeu-ses or ate gov
rnmetit at seventeen millutns, but saiid
ihey could be reduced to fiteen.
Mr. Evans replied, at length, explain
ing the mainer iu which the present cx
enditures were forced on the country by
he two last alniisitrations.
In the House the Select Commilre. on
the apportinoletnt of represe'ntatives re
ported in favor of fixing the ratio of repre
entation at 68,O0, giving 22. members.
No one scene.1 to like tht ratio. aud there
is no prospect that the Ilouse will agree to
it. They will not go beyonI 60,000, The
report was committe-d to the Committee of
the whole on the State of the Union. It
will not he finally acted on fir at least three
months: and the State Lcgislatures now
in session need not expect to district their
respective States this winter. To void the
Dpense of extra eessions, they ntrst, at the
present sessions. pass laws postponing their
lectious for Congress, until after their ses
ions next winter.
4r. Adams occupied the House the re
malider,or-the day in scuffles with the,
- s peaehes in.relaion to hin Gosia
gin ." Th iie use adjourned before
,r. A. had yielded the floor, and pending
qiestion oforder, as to his rigtit to pro
eed in his defence. Mr. A. .eid it ws
his purp- se to move that the Comineittee
i Foreign Affsiire hae instructed to appoint
aneoither Chairman. if the)y thought pru
Correrndicce of thec Mercuny.
The new~;pa;turs of last S~eturd:ey's ro
yeedmpsg will give oun butt a '-eiint idea oft
e excetemaaent in the Ilttoso. occatsioned
>y .\lr Ad~atms'.pieh itt detittce of him
elf, as lhe said, :eineo' the eniarga~e f mnt
snaiai coainite.! in the' /oau.r lie presemts
t,-hoat whtich i'e reality bi madie.* fear the
a eof agg ressien onit the Sotthi.
lHe w as mnost tabn.ive,-hi- commnett 'pi
hes applied to Soeutherne membetiprs w ere
-Slave breeers" atta', Shave traere."~
To-day the Honpeie refused toi let him go
mas alsl. Alie~r pre.e'ntiug satmae oth,:r
5boltioen petlits, lie pr.eented iene sied-e
y "elie tiirty eor finty citizenos of Mlassaichu
et.'. prayeng that the Union shoul ? be dis
lIe aeccompanied the presentation with a
notint for a Select Caommtittec, wich in
trutioniS to nieitn rasonen1 L the Unioan
hold not htoediss'olvede.
Ont this Mr. Gilmner mttead a resolution
eesure upton hint for psre.sentintg such a
eec tisn-andti1 h leI in..e :aljounrnie. (
To-,mrrow M lr. Muelr,h .11 eof Kentucky I
till iove Mr. Aidzan~s's e xpiulsiott freom t he I
Tihies Aholitionism is rtpenfing ande faire- I
g the Sooth to discussioni. It is suppos
d thnt moving instruactior~s in favor of the
jaion at all atotnt fe'r thae ofl;~eco of hpre- I
enting such a retitioin -its giving such in
trctionas admuits that the I. niont is qiues
inable, anid requires the aissigning ren
Ois fear its conttinuan~tco. The tmohion to
lpel as ill fail. as it takes a vote of twvo- It
hairds, to carry it. The utiliiy of movingc
is to arntusc thet ppleit to the inovitabile il
endency of Abolitioniem.e andl thte alern
ve is involves. Thie dlissaolmieon of the
tiien is the true am of the piolitteal aispi
atit amonig these inceendhiaries, ahouth t hee
iere fee,' andsi faniatics miay looak loawer. 1
taut haern metmbers arc mneh excited.
Eutravaganl f&r pen dii trs.- In the pre -
ideninl canva's of Id840. taoe Whags ac- I
used M r. Van Burcen afextravaegane, al- i
eginig that the expcediture~s werc ontly ahir-t
reti miillietm, per an. dluring M3r. Adlams'Ia
~tuministrationa and that they lad! be-en k
oubled since his time. Aud the peoplee
rere ieadoced to haliev-e that retrenchtima nal
,-onjle take place ir Ge-n. Haerrisaon sitouldp
ekected. and that thae e-xpeanses of the a
invertnent woculd lie agsain brougaht down i
> hiricen tmilliotna.
Thesqi were Whit prnmises. And what
a e been their performanes? Presidetnt t
tyler in his annual message, infoirmsr a
ogrethat the expenditures of the Go
ernent for the fiscal year will tie over
tirty wo millious of dollatrs ! This is nline
sn millions of dollars more thman it cost to Ii
pport the Government of Mr. Adams jI
ecordig to the statement oft he Whig or- e
inment to which wowere invlid as Mr. of ib
ebster to .enierngly said during'the war, Pu
ben our armies were unsuceesful op tie so
anadian trortier.-Alban Aqugv vali
__ _ _ - - l (ti
Republican Office, that
Savannah. J-.,8a. "". % ai
From Florida.-Blv the arreal of 'he Pi
S. steamer Newborn, CapitaMcNuity. cou
e have advices from Fhoriifto a late
mte. The news is not imporot otber
ise thai of a cheering naturg, , Orli
Corrrspondence &f the Sa . I
Big Cy pre.s Swamp, 8 a Fe
January 6th, I
After Major Belknmp route Indians va
n the 25th ult. and replenis ram- t i
ihed haversacks, tie divided h ' and 5
sl: four divisions for the p' of co.yid
ring a greater exitet of COU at the Wi
ame tine, and renewed the I -in the ODE
irection of 'tie Southern Thed fOil
onntry traverted by these Idivi- ot
ions was, even to a greater Mi d't
lereteofre seen, covered with iter said F
xtensive e6& prs swmp; thi e
'Xt'fliV C~it1S w:inips; b '7thb'few re
udians here finding2 that their aomst ob-o
cur andi in'cessible retreats ~1nof
Penerraird by the roops.scatillie much '
is to render their trails invi even to fer
lie practised eye of the indi aides. er)
I don'i believe troops ever I h! bard
tr. or endured more privatio ne the
vorld bcgan. The incesgant iarchig ap
viih henvy burdens of provisions. beddinir
Imd ammunition. through watetand mud,
Ind ver j:agged and porous roejs, has iorn "
md worn the elethes from theirtimbs. tnd te
he sh~om.e fron their feet. Thete are thir- iei
een ctimpanies of troops ir.4ersing this
uinken dieric. eiarged with ferreting out Ti
ome 50 I tidiani men, i omen ;and children. ter
it we were tasked to hunt tihe wild deer "*
rom the haunmocks, ir the Allirgators and J
takes fromi the Swampi. we might have
ope. but. although the cnmpaign has been the
.outrivei wiit oudisputedl skil, and exe- to
-uted with the greatest alacriij and per
everance. the ludhiau now remsining are
,o very tew in number. as to elude pursuit !o
vith ime not pertect ease. In my opiu- '"
on. the war as such is alreadf closed.- g'
'h:ai roving not-laws, red and white, will' c"
.or years secrete themselves in- the ham
nnck. ani % amps of Finrid, I do not t
lo~aht. Nor that the army, wire it dou- 'o
ded, or quadrupled. i- doiiig aty good here,
,inve I the least belief.
Very !r.-1, yours. I s
The St. Augustint, News has advices
rom Tampai to the 13th inst. which stite
hat Col. Worth it still vigorously follow -
rig Itpa his operiaons against ie Indians,
ind is very sangtone ouaf capturing the va
ionl struggling parties that areA3w roam
The schr. Waltei M. CaploHitcheoek.
irrived here otn Wednesday Jast, front
Fort Pierce. We learn that in expedi
tion, with canoes, u-ler the c-mand of
Capt. Vinton, left that Post c n he'13ih
tamt., for the head waters of th S. Johns.
A eocistt. mounted. under tbo mand of
Liout. rTylor~acmaidh et e
ihents, leth oi te next day. or i Purose
arco-operating with Capt. I_ -News
Na,.w Yoia,.Satd '..
One or our brokers wasir d atedyester
lay upon a charge of negleafing .com
nercial ill-,I. the namens upo'n ghich were
irgeries-iabout $U000 has 'aiready beer
Ii~coveredl-fuzrther tno donhtwitibe known
o-morrow. There is no truth in the re
tort which appeared in oneo of our petnny
inye-rs, that a forcede chack for $5000 had pl1
aen patssed on the Bank of Amerien.- o'
\'ma -sneh tinga wvas attempjted at anay bank th
at hme ciIY. nil
Th'le weathter i.e nnw as fine as possible. ma'
b'e htu:l a gale. fro-:' the westward ''n Fri- ill
lay, n' hight hat doune dlamagie to the e.mt- bl<
snedh. The mtaail due, yestermday w' as de- mint
ainted' alntil inbis mtorning. I have hemrd nom
en tor:h-e r .accoentne of the ship Frank fort. tla
amm afrauid she wi.-ll he tmuch iujured. ra
Thea~ ciny was fill of rmumors yesterday com
ehlatai'e to t'ho recent meesmure, taken h l feet
hc Unsited St:mtex'. ill seizing and nttnebitng thi
he .a-ets nts~ietned the lik of the Unned the
5:ates. wh'ici'h wsere in charge of Mer. Fra- n i
ier, a.s the aents of the .tsicnr~es. I'-:
We have*. taken mett patinsto niigeertalin lhe
he true state ofl the fatsi anid our readers w
naey depenid on thc fuollowing: k n
L'tnder n ft. fam., inedm from tho U7. 5. ifr.
dilirt i Pi'hiadelphiat. direeted to the ~ ;tr- dlir
hal of this District. all the assets ns-igniedn
y the Bttnk of the 1U. S were semzedm, toC or
:mi,ty a judgeh~nt in favor of the io--ert
nent fur $251.000i. miost oif whichi :-..:ets -
aere in thmo vrauths oaf the Merch~amt' lat.as
sir s:mfe keeping; andt atn nttnehmnent nts w
itned,. undler praicess from tihe Cotmmeir- enCl
inii Couert of this City. On it suit eteredl pr
v the Untited Stntes. for time sati oif near- (ir
two maillio of dollara. What is time fuml
,undationm of the lbater claim. we have fei~r
lo idea, an have.' no opportutnitvy of tearn,- alt
Undiaer thc fi. la. the Marshal thtreatened of
i seize the assetS bekongintg to the Mer- lie
hanms' Bank;: which, if ex-cutted. would s
ave been a miensure early unwatrrtantedt tfl
y law. as tho wshole stock heldt biy the mv
uank of time Uemiteud States itn that insletn- P
iun was sold mo good faith, amid th-- full ch
onsiderntiont tmonecy paid by the preset thtu
Ott appljiicationf to the U. S. Court,Jmtier~e
IeCah-b at etnco granted an injunctieoi teofe
iny the procaedings ngamintt the Merchnmnt: '
la'nk tnd'r te fI. fit.; anti Judege Wantts
sued a hiitatr imnjinetilin tinder the at
ichimienti. itn thte miann time the assetsC
ssiede by thte bantk U S. have been I:a Ti
e'n by the .larshal attnd nre now.l mt hs tie
basrge, and the M..rcha..ta' Batik tand all ti
er hbmsine-es and a-e'ts remr~in in her on.' ni m~
misession.atnet tier affaire have their etnae pil
utmarey regularity, tree fromn tay judicial to
rThe question as regardis the assectes' pe- i
ignedm to aruees by the Baznk of theo Uni
ed States, wsill of coutrae uindergo the mus"
I ande regulamr jatici.el investigation.-a.
Iinporltani JudicilDeciion-A juror im
n Cumbaherlatod county wa litned five dol- H
nrs for ntot tattemintg court, and sought to
scuse bimsuelf on the ground that lhe took tain
o neWSonoer. and was tberefore iguorant as
a day ofholding the court. Butjudge
ossas very properly decided, that this.
r from being an excuse, was an aggra
Dn of theolffenne. and that it was every
i's imperative duty to take at least ae
IC county papers. It 111118t he a mewan
ly reflection for the juror in default,
the fine he was compelled to pay for
so thain noithing would have more than
I. in advance, his subscriptiou to a
utry newspaper for two years.
fory in Prospect.-A writer in the N.
enai Bullelin proposes to take Aloxico,
revenge'for the capture of the Santa
expeditionu. lie says:
' There are twenty thousand men in the
ley of theBlississippi. who woild start
he sound or the drum, and neither give
ip 1o their eve- nor slumber to their eye
4 tillihey knelt to the God of Battles
he:Templesof the 5iontezunmas. I for
Wonl4 willingly lead where any dare
os ;*ad I call upon General nmbs
Kentucky, whose son was in the expe
on, and the friends of Kendall of the
-syune, to rally around the standard of
sdom, and come to their rescue. Be
i an August son shall gild the towers
the ancient city of Annaboac, we will
e "civil and religious liberty" to a suf
ing and oppressed people. and expel ev
tyrant from the soil."
Iysterious Indeed-The article below
peared in Saturday's Whig. rie Fred
ekshurg Arena, referring to it. asks:
Vho is meant i He mentioned your
me!" "Whose nunie?" The Arena
t1 guesses that the strange young gen.
an is - Semmes." and we ask-the
femmes" that killed Professor Davis?
iis but increase* the interest of the mys
y. If it he Semmes, what a pathetic
well as fearful mnral does it couvey ?
Mr. Editor-i received, to-day. from
hand of a stronger, from Texas, the fol
I A strange young gentleman died here,
ndriless and almost alone. lie seemed
be wealthy. or certninly to want noth
.iet stawed that lie come from Vir.
ia--hut he told his name to none. I
ci se you the only paper foa:ad it t
ssession-(for just before death lie rten
ned your name.) The mantsrript seeins
heu sort of death knell rang by himself"
I hand you a copy of the manuscript
:nroned, I think it touchingly beautiful.
-an form no cuess as to the name of the
Frederickshurg. Dec 29, 1611.
3h! when in death I camly lie.
LAet no dtone idly mark tho - or.
To t-1 the carelens paser b
Why there in death's col seep dotb rot;
To beg the tribi'o of a iigh I
No-let me be by all forgot.
)h! lay me not in a buri ground.
,A here dousands daily come to moin,
And weep their bittertea around
- Their ov'd and dear ones et and gone!
No, no-in soliInde profound!
There let me ie Unwept alone!
For there arn. t will grieve for me
There's n m is dear.
eu l r!
none i loes meheri.,
]h lav no stone above my grave,
Let'flowers above ite wihly spring;
Let green grasis gaily round tne wave
And birds akhoi mny regniem sing;
Let tears--t' d.-w the lone spot lave
Where lini dust lie withering !
Slush or Sloshz.-Watw an expressive
rase-sloshi. Ilow lake itse'lf it roll,
i.-Sosh--a thing thar in its way is a
ng to bc dlreded and' f'eare'd, andl yet is
one thin2 am lass. .Slosh--sloslh-posi
el'v as wei write the 'ward. we fe-el asur
fatede fioot covered nii It an iel jbor' Ishest.
e his heatri. open on hot h sides, admiit
;:lie net. disagreeable. n'rmeiitinag, aim
in2. naiv rompaigositison of tr:ouble eii
ia-i' isi' lamul. On thle conttrary, it is
three in their vilest andh most "hagh! v
ricentraled''l stalie of coamp;otuid. .is.
thme goodl imaii n his ha- hnotes toi ya ;
wit'e who has iiiore emidng nanl sdartiig
mi shev knows ns hat to ido n ihi-t~heen
0 hias jusit " hppped ihe gne~ti on.' undI
rued wheat "Mr. ihowan was jtust twodcays
bt her lover-fir all an ioins people whIo
isw how vexat ions anid :tnniin isi. lie
hn::of uthe soft, hardl, dry, nis si venn,
ty 4so.slh. as the s tot ;;oe, spatvering anid
t throuth it. ' rawii;: sput iminy a sa
etir*.e, hauli "wie Innda-l e.
Slosh is an eems to all paceable re'
-tiona an I christnlan egnimtuiity. as wVell
g1aiet phlialosophay of siind. Ii ija un itn
itun oft someat evil spiri t, de-igned to
i~..cie nd u abdie's into indi crecsa ex
s-ions andI great sotirtiem of mndl: a
*aof ove-rwhehinintg force::ind quitepain.
to contempillaite. slosht. Vn e have 'uf'
ed froan it; so hiave you reader: so htave
meni, womten, tand chiildrent kindr,
Iis happ !lYconn 0 ry: aitd it is in a spirit
joit iindigntation that ne' haive aken the
a ini hand. to tini this samte asos onf
silo gnialities, and the dleepa enmitv wen
I bor all its species. Yesterhiy. ii nmay
11 lae remanrked,. was a day oh gre-at
xer -.' ih a/oshi ;atm it behmoovedl us' is
-oiclers of ev.ii -ss s well as cood, to let
sloish knowv the estimartien ina whichl it
a hebit. # e theas-efore close the.,e few
anirks wieth thais sentimenut "Sloshu-con
i it.''-. Star
-ruiii MK~h~c~ntc Nk: CHtttimuX ?
HI hut hre the tlechasnkus to .lo weidh
srre i, bunt v'ery litle nmerh.ime.d besi
us cairriedl on ns iihoot it, aid. Is it sel
conss'enece then to sos ! shouuldl w, re
sini iginorainl of a :-cience of so mm Ib im
russnce I Onaght we nt rathe-r to strive
augnire nt knows ledge oh it so fair at least
reli'es to ''tr pa~rticulasr a rades oar en-es
testis, oar mtsre tini thui if' pssible I '
u hI ds tas eas ha:.rim tantimuch goodl. Iin
ce ishotild lie lest i.. see andI apr.ri:ste
-es hemtses f( natture ; isa ui.is tl ;nd ador
r God. L''uk sf you lea.se at thse at
esashs e ; n. hl *t itsdomst sioi a e see hesre
as wel-l ated tsn the tise oh misan. ntis
for tmant alone, bitt foir the support sal
Fry creature. fream th~e mtost useful ani
1l to the smsst useless! Chemaistri hats,
te -re. takren ii to piec....,.a .s....,. u..
its parts, qualities and beauties. It bas.
di vered to us that one of its principal 8
pa~ twill %upport life & combustion, while- s
theother will detroy the srin, and that th
these exist in n combinatiOn the most cou- oi
venient for respiration. There an other
gasses in the atmosphere. i!li very inter
estin, naturtt, and of gre;.t importancenl
though in sniali quantities. Bnt t, return
to my --ubject.--it mafbe anid that some
of the arts han. very little to do nilth the e
science of chernistry. IThere is some truth o
in this, but not so mach as is generally sup- a
posed. There is no artrerlling.orbusi d
ness that ha. no, been dirsedly or itdirect- e
ly benenftteJ by it.' A knowed1ig hO r
chemical compitiofor thinsbaig &
twill lead to new. 6eldaof labor and eoter
prise. Chemical analysis lay before us,
new substances, sonic useful. an tome, it
is true. useless. for 1he present at least.
Take for instanco the niaking of lime, that d
is nothing mart nor lesthan a chemical
operation. By it the lihard mirble is chang: '
ed to linie, ibereby rivin einployment to
thousands, and furnishing us with an ex
cellent cement forthe maon'0sse. Were
it not for this he might.,(r augbi I known. 1
haveto lay his bricks with the samne kiud u
or mortar that was used by -the builders of i
the Tower of Babel.
E t. A0b r utiger. c
EDGEFIEID C.11. 4
Wrnossn.Av. ERUA"r 9. 1842.
U7 We daankfully achnowtedge the- receipt t
of a number of Public Docuanents front the
Hon. F. W. Pickens.
To our Patrons.-This number commences
the seventh volume of the Advertiser, and we
are happy Iii we till are able to keep above
water. The post volume has been gone through
with. by the massta'ace of jinse friend' who
have paid prtunptly. and thereby etiabled ns to
steer our bark throng, the quick sands of "hard
times," though not without a-aving a track of
..Ome magnitude behind, which we hope our
deliuquest friendo will e--.ble us to Mll op. era.
die ** Ides of March'' comes on us.
To our paying patrons we return our thanks.
for their support; and isope our exertions to
please have tnot been ma.t' in v.un, and that
those who have patrounisc4d us, have been satie
fled with what they have received at our hands.
To our owing rations, we will return our
thanks when theyhave p:id their scares; as
they nodoubtbhave been very well satisfied with
our quietneas regetids the needful, and would
still remain so, were we enabled to send themi,
weekly, a sheet, in which we would say noth
ing thout their subcription being due.
T our Advertiing friends we return our
tinanks for their pait favors. ad solicit a con
tinuance of them, as out circulation is daily in
cra."-ing. they wiat, tn doeubt, find it to their ad
tange to patronm.- us. -
To all those who are indebtel to the establish
meat, for Subseription. Itvertising, a.i Job
Work, we would merely say, "-we want money.
and must have it;" and hope this sm1all Asf will
on the next sale day. induce a number to call
and pay their accounts.
Thc IJeather.-For the last two wee "ire
have and the mildest we:aI.-r, for t.a. season
of the year. we evei recollect to have? witnesed.
The tr'it trees in the iighborho.ad ir,- twgin
ning to haver .aomeawhaat a the appe.irance of
aeprnag, and wte are t;,artii that the truat wall be
mneh~! itnjnrad, ott accotunt of it. forwards'teus,
shouatld we htave, w!:it we ought to --spect, i~e
erer we.ather thus monatha.
Southa Caroi.-ra (.lleg,-.-The' .\nnin dt (ata
laa. o ,n im 1'42, tatti' i i.. atrum,, shotws itemi.
dnit t ;radatets '2. .e'ni'r' 4. Jnntimaa 41,
S,'phmoare Cd0, Fr, '4nnant 9 -Ttal l50.
GLolwG A C4)N. ;.I:.laN ~L 'L E CTION.
I anro.jrr. vor..
Cooa'per. iJ. itt iamae'r. 30..-11
Mr. Clay-The .N. V. C~amnercial Advea
f-ar state.i an the. 'antthwity tof it-. W.aihengtton
Corare,'athenat, that " 'Thea dtatora aishedl Sea. i
tor lroma ennrky heata-k taaermained'i ta re'sag at
ais se,t. it tiama, for -a anewi .'ache to tbe mutle
iy thec Le;;imeatmtre gaf that ' tate ;at ate parewni a
The' P..rramu u -T .e Select Committee itt
the senatie oef thec L.. States toa whom~a h-a' ha-en
reerredt thec deactnt.iry ofl'ahe Trasry's pla nofi
a Board of' Exchapier, contsist-s of 'Mesars. Tjat
maga, Prestona, lBtea. Walker, l'.atns, .aIer
rack, Young. White.n ;itta ives.
Tennesse.-The uinase ot lDeicgates of Te'n
ntesses haevc pa'iad a resoalutaen requin tg s.
erlnita.. itt the State to re'sumeaa jaece pay
mentt ott the tirst day of Jnli taext. It is ntu
k tnawn whaethe'r the Sernae n itt agreea ns itha the
I Itttae itt this mnatre, hsat thet general tampre.
sinai us. that haowever they .iay wis., t~a tavor
the il.anksL. their kanaw :c atge a. thec ;-.aih wisah
-wet mnduce[em to .idlow thea I lotase a.. - ac
I irgin ia.-'ITt heLe gtsaiatur e of V trgieia elect.
t'on, '"; Api . - t t't .st at... tain a th eh f
Jdg Tuc~' raker.ret,id.:m td 4. ei T. II. thay
pJg ,,.ti.. 'If the. a icera~al C'out i, tm lace eaf
Ohio Basnks.-T'he $enatate ohf Oheia ha. pas.
seat a th!l lby a ete saf '24 iena. to 30 nays. ce
qai the IBcl..-;!t of teat M'ate' tat resumeia spe
cie paymets~ on thate foturh af .Jibreb next.
U. S. Loan.-The' coate itt reising the t. an of
$1' d.000tt, tat' a .mnti lby theas extra sew~aia,
tare ttlicaiiy .tatedt at $5,.7.0.
Fraaa,.-Thae J.atrntal -f Cotmmer'ce of 'lte
1th tmtt . states that three dtraft. for S1 ,000
ah. atrawni in il~vnate, un difl're:': persons
-it. News Ya L w.atoatt auithortty or the r know
lede afthte den etr.at aj. came 'en fro a '.to
hte Bnak foar aretaet. Thiere were some
..od ...mes on na draftb..
spurious B*- ~ i
own a Ten dolli
a Commercial Bhak
ina, whicle has been so
he well calculated
g. The plait appe
the plate of some oads'$
rocated probably in i
the origaai place afe
:curs in dhe face of th bili ls
id Culumbia. S C.. inuertarlwiipe.n
mne in such a handsome syle"asivimpo'Va0
pop the more cautioca. 'he signature of A,
L.ndinig is very badly done, and the name of
. Ewan is signed as the cashiet', alhough the
ank nevet had such a eashier.'
Census.-In the appropriation bil for 042
te amount of $51,450 is applied for the pay.
ent of the expe-nsm incurred 'in tkiqg the
ixth Census of the United States.
The individual anested at Annapoi's, ary.
knd,' a an Abolitionist, a few day "ice. (siys
e Bahimore: ' a.) has bbvvidisebuaged
nderse'erity.bh he would not againvisitthe
mits of that St&.
iLk.-TbN.Y ribune says. that tirpors
n the manilelurlif Silk in fte State Prison
t Aubimr. N.3.,'w mas itted by Gov. Se
ward at the opening of the Legislature. The
wbole numbet of skeins manuCtared front
Ray lst to the last of Novetber.-daring 1,0M
lays of convict labor, was 31.023; and its va.
ue. including the cost ofeocoons. of convictta
ser and of coltiug and dressing, is $775 56.
Me total amount of convict earnitgs was $310
8 reWLor an avernge of 300.363 cents per
ay. .Clerk ol the prison feels confident
that a very low grade of e may be made to
earn from 35 to 50 cents pe day at that busi.
ne. The agent will soon put the State Prison
ilk in market.
Fire.-The Courthouse at Decatur, DeKalb
county, Geo., with all the records. papers, &c.
of the county. has been destroyed by ire. It
I supposed to have been the work of an inceu.
Extract of a Comniercial Letter receiv
ed at Savannah by the Wes, ludia %team
er Forth, at lavana :
Lvtwaaron., Dec. 14. 1841.
Since my last, we have had a regular
upset in the Sea Island Cotton nnrket, so
much so, that nothiug can be done with
them at any price.
- Upldnns nre offcred in abundance at
51 a 5j, for fair.
For the Advertisr.
Mr. Editor.-Sir-Permil me to furnish yca
with a solution of an limgma. or " New Year's
Puzzle," which I found in your paper of the
5th inat. ; and also of Air. John Ban's problem:
. 'X 1E OF 13 LETTErM S
10. 1t i% , . is eggs., ir " uable use,"
I 6 &. , is Wal, "the name of a street,"
') & 6,p ina. a frind."
8, 6, y 4 1, me311, '- L--loved,"
12.6, 7 & ni ne. ' rurinus to asankind,'
S 7 m.-th hair of .ason,"
.5 3 & 4, is mal, "run by the aid of water,"
12, 6, 4. & 13. as ;:aL, " a nicnate,"
P, 10 & 12, is atn error, and not- hard labor,"
. 2. 4 & 10. is mile. "a short distance,"
12. 5. 4&3. ms gill " anmeasure,''
I ?8 & 9, in WV. S. .."- intitals of the name,"
.iad thec whole is WLrANs S. .31rxos.
For the Adetrtiser.
Mr. Edito--Doar ar- l.ncioned you wil1
inli a few more ver.ca, which yon wi pese
c a place in youar c'olumnars, and oblige yours,
To .ilassE. P.1I1.
Oh ini the morninaga cheert'ul glow.
Atnd in the' eve'ning solemn light.
Wiien al is lhughed and 'ti be hlow
Andl many a star above s bright.
Shmuaid thean your thouaghts a momemntstray
To firb p(IdNlerhiaps th-nu's far away,
Tha:. humiate itt I :ik of th'e,
Wen~r mtusig thus rei mabeur mue.
Whcn night birds tutic their m~ournfunl lay
A ad echoe's ,notthose notes- pr.ng.
TIil faii't at last ihey aije away
And silence sw.allows 'il thi' sag:
.is'iiin. to such streintl th,.nugh full of woe,
W Vzih fromi an an::ih,-d~ be . m sem to flaw*,
A ad tove the heart to tr'd'r sy rm;.nrtay,
fair being dicta I ask, icemember mc.
Wen in yonr distant home a way.
Where pke.sure's ever on die wing.
nd rund you mmue the yonng andl gay,
T a.. 'it beaaiy's -hariae their aolfering;
3 'nil sneh scema..s lt memosry satray,
I mn- mnometnt to yuour minstrul and his lay,
Tis ali l ask. 'tas ai I claimi of ahee,
A inda arid las: rtaluest. rememuber me
Abvle C. II.
The foltwinog pre'amibic and resolutions
were aahleaed mt the il'use ao' Represenuta
tits by .\r. .':,ria.hall, of lKeniucky, on
Where'ns, the Feueral Constitution is a
perta'nt foirtia of governmencut -andl of per
p'tual obaligationt. until altered tar modhified
ia t hec t.uade poited out byv :iaat inet:tauent,
an.t the mn'ueber of tim llouse deriving
r r aolitical charneter nata powersC from
I:e %tame. :are sworn'f tos suppori it. and the
di.ol uttionl oftheC ntamtn necessrd'i impalti
thie dle-,u neatiaon ofihat .astruumenat, the over
thrrowi of then .\mletrenn Repuaable, ad the
ex ItictioalnI l'ur ndtuunnh \istet,~'. A pro.
pousiion. thuerel'ore, to thi e1,cre'seatnavcs
at he people". ii ali'sulve the organic law :
tfr itaed lby their renatmthits and 1o su~
p'rt whiih tb,.y meC commnnad by t
emt-r taponl the counstitutson of bi
powrrs c reated lay it, andl entruq
i a hieh breach of pisie~
offered to this H1tse~
to the Legislature AP
it, to commit
sairily, int its e
c, thbe desire