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,. T Wig Wh GalvesteS pa t~~ii~~~mim~~thea 91 nt I as? ti~ ~'~uuuunI nhehresdent el Uae~ h.Gerassl of Texas eon i bgs accommoda amd Te'xas. Judg4 $9hPMWDW~i aqthe prsoesW a - . 9t aA do Boxar in au Gen.Santi tiede thehearer o the propostR Sa seilemest of the diicultie btweea the two countries. We extrac ai =Gaiett of the*stginstant. Gz&"rnp, March 27, 183. 16 Maw Edier wticivilian. 89P-A atw hogrs sla I arri ved her Qqi, vii New Orleans, ant for Washington befae his Ethe President .asei, vpon which the war betweet A" oand:Teswmay posibly be terml whieb has or propositluos. memn Wabu~ and hear the signature of ,Gen aniAnna,Presidet of Mexico. It is psopowd that. Texas shout aekuhw o the sovereity of Mexico. 2d. A genetat act of amnesty to b p d-for pa sets to Teas. m.Temas to form an independant pat 42Tha to be represented in th Geeral Cosgres. dth; Texas to institute, or originate al laws, rules and regulations. Nu Mexican troops under any pre tsat whatever to be stationed in Texas. .Thesabeing the principal basis of a pru jested Peat and other important points to be sbmed to the President. and th p L and it they shod be adopted le ibs will give os among other importan vastamgs peice and a release of ou CnftwnbR.ow nD prsn. and a marke for 0ur staple product, cotton at 25 cent " . at the Mexican ports, in specie. c 40 cents per lb. at a distance from 205 t 3W G asf hats thtcoast. In ISA we esported 18000 bales col tn jfor500 Tel seach, and I presume 18.4 wIn produce 25.000. this at 25 cents pa lb.,.gives 2,125,00L, and allowing $5 pe bale for freight and charget, you hav them ifions per annum to form a "liar mfoe7"Corrency for Texas, and I appre head it may be fairly estimated that ou pViidnet of that article will be doub:od an Sally for many years. growing out of thl increasing emigration, and a marke weald also be openeud for our beef, pork lard, Wutter. cor and other articles i 31ezico and Cuba. Time will not allov me further to debate upon this importan su w. bat.I give you this hasty skesci Aiii the assurance that the proper sotbori ty wi-lay the documents speedily befort he public. spectfully. or obr servant, JAMEN W. ROBINSON. Althogb Inadmisable to the people o Texas, these propositions are as liberal si could have been expected at the outset a stiitedibenassof the poiy of Mesiec towards Texas previously io, 1835, th, da~prrion ofindependence perhaps would wobae beea made. The face of thingi has atered since then, and Texas bai povedherability to grap, what she did not even dare to ask or hope. Indepee deuce was forced uron her, but it is nol therefore the lass prised, or to be given np-wihene- a struggle. Nevertheless, we thinK alias the propositions thrown out bugt to be considered. They are in part fttl cession.sm of points originally in dis pute, andiaidicate a spirit or accotmmoda. tin wich It might be profitable to en coarage. Texas hatnot sougM~ war; and if it I-to contine she dees not desire the fame of having prolonged its evils. In ad. dilion tetbe proposition set down by Judge R.,'we tearn that Santa Anna has ex pressed his willingness to consent to the following, vis: That Tassaball elect au her own offi cers, eivil and military; That the rigt of property -in the soil. acquilred by estizens uder the present Government, shall besecured,. as also the ri ht of tin their sltaves : alandsr mines. end muiner ala in the liits of t be Stata shall be se cured to the local Governument; and That. u. laws aflecting religion shall be enacted. These ad many other points, including the *Ieto revenue, trade, &c..-are reevdto be disenuaed and seuledibty agents appointed for the purpose should Tesasomoment to entertaiu the subject. -ogsAeisoe was released uneondi slaa bs no doubt for the express put' paos bearing the communication" with whicb'he wa entrusted to Texas. Santa Anna sttdd'that he would entertain fa verably - say comtmissioners sent fromn 15sas, and en being told that none couldl riepresent a-unless under the sanction of onr Geverbnipat, tisile -no objection to such. Gen. Thompson has asked the release of Mlessrs Joses of Gonzales and Mave rick, on the ground they are both his per sonal friends,--and thatbte later is a rela tive; and has heats promised dint they shall y bhim onhisviit tothe U. S. la-A t- There is a prospect thlis Judge H will be also released.-Iu re lation ao dhb other S'an Antonio prisoners thtsko eruiity, hut it is believed that the clreninstanees nsder which they were zake. wilfibe jusdly censiderud by Santa Anina, as his resumption of the reins of Governmnt.. Erastrof aletter dated-aveston Natch 29th-1843. Ediorsof heNorning Hierald. . baii riedlare leMondaylast from pstd~ m 'anta Anna to thv e UI account of wiiich'I iefer .yes nwill tjeeive with thiedlisliberal and shoalah 'aiffr no - vienfii he tae t sahdece by 1ilbald the ptopin ne ected, I t A ptblabutrf ~ t - tion of3Meaieo can moment believe. A report .is in circulation whiclt has of 2500 Mexicans are to make Besar their headquarters. -fr the purpose of annoy the country west-of the Guadelobpe .~ breaking up the seulements. InformatanI bad been received from Washington, an nouncing that Col. Butler. the commis sioner on the part of the United States. bad arrived with twenty men at the Waco village for the purpose of treating with ie various Indian tribes in conjunction with hCommissionerof Texas. Fiacei,the noted Lipaa chie to whom Texas was chiedy indebted for The friend ship of his tribe, has been murdered. He had returned to the Rio Neueces to bring in borses left behind by the late esndtion !o the'Rio Iorande. Is body.was found in the vicinity of sis Uherokeew wbdni be most probablj killed in the combat which terminated Wth his life. The weather is still cold. Nearly all the corn, pottoes and culinary vegetables thItwere planted, bavo been destr ed ; -not only in this ection. but throu the interior as far as heard from. I remain, Gentlemen, Very respectfully yours. C. Niw OaR.s, April 4. Teru.-The steam packet Neptune, Capt.. Rollins. arrived last evening from Galveston, brings us papers from the city of Saturday. General orders have ben issued from the Department of War and Marine, di recting all colonels of regiments compos ing the militia of the Republie. to perfect the organization of their respective conm mantis with the least popsibie delay, to make complete return of their strength and condition to the Brigadiet Generals of t their several bri dem, and ti hold their r regiments "in ci sitot rea-tiness fur active t service." in case of the receipt of iaelli 5 gene of the approach of the enemy to the borders, the officer in command where such toIeiligeuce is received, is instructed forthwith to order out "his command or so Imluch of it as may be deemed necessary to meet the emergency. designating some suitable point to rendezvous. sufficiently r remote frotn the enemy's position to avoid an engagement, until the force shall have received strength to oppose him, success. fully. having an eye at the same time to his movements and designs, all of which will be instonely reported by express to the Brigadier General end to this Depart mn," -With these preeautiots. nited with activity, energy and vigilenc., it is thought that the frontiers may be electu ally protected. Gen. Santa Anna's overtures of accom medation seem -t find but little favor a ith the Texan Press.-B.elia. Neirs from Aerico.-By a letter re ceived in this city yesterday, we are in formed of the escape and re-capture of the Santa Fe prisoners. It appears that they rose on their guards, overpowered them, gRd I. tejAME,aw or'da s harts that ever came from the haud of God and Mr. Fitzgerald. so often mention ed by Mr. Kendall, in his sketches, were both killed. In an heroic encounter fori their liberty, and the freedom of those with whom they were associated, these twin brothers in bravery and honor met their doom. Their deeds will weave a wreath around their memory in the hearts or all who knew them, and like the amaranthine Eower, will never decay. It is also stated that the Texians in their retreat, killed a Mexican oflicer, and on ihis information beinig sent to General Bravo, a troop was ordered out and the prisoners finding themselves surrounded an a mounrain pass, were obliged to sur render. General Bravo sent an order to haive teetr decimated, and excuted ; but the officer who had them in charge would1 not obey it. Onz thetarrival of Santa Anna, bowever,-bo gave orders thatrthe whole ofj them shnuld be shot- Throngh the inter rerence of General 'Thompson it is to be hoped that this horrid senhenee has notc been cunsummated ; but as yet, we can not come to a conelusion. This however, we de know, you*g Crittenden, son ofthe Hion. J. Crittendent- of Ktatucky, and' I three other.. of the prisoner. have been .pardned.-Cres. City-' FIdyfi.'--By the arrva of the brig-Osh ills. ste have received the proclamnation of President- Boyer, abdiearing the- cefer maglatracy of the island.-Bee. Poau Pmses, Marei 12,1818. Gentlement the- Councild Twrenty-ive'yesX have elapsed since!I ebis- cxiled upon to the puss of Presi dent, then made vacant by the death- of Pesion, the founder of the Republic. Since then 1 have endeavored to carry out hais views, of which I had, of all others, the I best opportunity of knowing. I have endeavored, during my admit- 1 iistation to conduct the affairs of Govern, I ment, with a strict attmntion to an econe mical mnanagementa of its loances. In proof of msy labbrs-on--this subject, theree are now one milliod of'dlollara' in- psrve, I besides other funds, deposited in 'is -toi the credit of the Government. Idcent events, which I do not desire to I characterize, have brought upon me ea- I lamaisies which I did net foresee, nor am5 preparedatomeet.- In this emergenc, 1I deem it de tomy dgoty and hnrto I ake a personal oiregniortbfte powers I with whieb-I have been clothed. During my Presideney, I have adopted sh, policy of enelling the discords and 8li 1 visions thatmade Hayti' d~stracted atd feeble G'overnment. I. have, lived to se ' the Independence of thenstdo ar-know- 1 ldged, and her4erritory united; and now,c in voluntarily ostracisinr myself, I gie another pofof my dEitrli fthove all cause of dsuuet' and divisidos. I cnnelssiea. I may add, thiat I'wish ( Hayti tote aI liappy as I strove to makea ber..r - (Signed) --BOY ERk Trrrible Ajair.-Caps. Vest of the sehr. Augusnta. ferm Heamna_ hsa cmm,,,,,,,t-, d to as the follow 360h" an edd ly a ne aboui 150 "O men, who robbed the pasan jers (numbering some 75) of their money. eaehed-nothrvatube;'EdUrdirig hose wtho resisted, and .outraging the fe nae .Th ~eaf'eeted the robbery by pi nae ils qtitity of rocks and trees which upseting the cars threw the passengers out in a state of confusion, ind prevented them making a timely re istance. After acting as we have above Pted, b* villpipp;dscaped, ansth4.pas sengers making their way back to the city. spread the alarm. Five hundred soldiers WM-espmtb rp ae* ete the robbery had been committed, and after marching arotigd, some :days discovered the retrelt ofthe villains ,an engagement took place, on both -sides and a score of Ilte bandits (akin prisoners. and carried to the city. boud hand and Ibot.-Herald. POLITICAL. fronds siiSsite. Time for holding ;the Convnion.-The Richinoad gsquirer asks of the Charles too MIreary "I It should find that the' majority th4 Democtatic party are it favor of en Earlier day, (tlian May. 1844.) will South Cirolina still insist pqa its own elected day ;" and say r ;TheWash ington Spectator dies at its mast head pro ciseiy the same frnula-ind we there. fore ask the Mercury antdtle Spectator direetly. whether we ate td understand they will abide by un Convdtttion. uniess it'assembles in May, 1844?" We adswer, directly, that we will atide by the d'eeisiun of the majority of tht be meicratie party.-in this as in all other mat ters of party organization and action. It might not be amits op say. however, that there is a great dif'erence between Sir Ora-les, and self-constituted political ion agers. and the party. The great object is, or ought to be. to ascertain the will of the majority: to give them time and oppor tunity to express it; to prevent its being suppressed by interested political leaders, and surreptitious substitution of their own will ic its stead. By many, Virginia it %upposed to furnish a case in paint. As all the primary meetings to appoint dele gates to the State Convention. that passed under our notice, in which the time for holding the National Convention was al luded to, May, 1844,. was recomnmended. And we have no doubt, had the question been generally made at these primaUry meetiogs of the party.tbat the sirong mind ed common sense of three-fourths of them would have decidcd in favor of the later But when the question was transferred to Richood, it has been said, and. we fear, with too much truth, that the plaint traightforward unsophisticated peaple. were.nuo matchic in the game of skill with the old stagers and trained political man gers, and hence the differcnt result. And it is ever thus. Wish. every soccesgive filtration of the people's will, a portion of its origiual strength and flavor is absorbed by tbe medium through which it passes, until it is entirely aduhrated and perverted As to arguments in favor 6f holding the Conventiop in November next, we have not seen a semblance of one that.did not resolve itself into a seeming doubt of a rompeteney of the people to come to a proper decision of the questiati. but a real rear of their 'aober .econd thought," erhii~h we have high authority for saying. "is always correct, & gencrally efficient." But we will postp moe the discussion of this ibect for the present. as the Enquirer trul7 says hchabs " other fish to fry." WVe sjetee to see the ability and energy with hich he is devoting himtself so his work. As to the wishes of the mnajority. as at sreeent advised, we think we can siafely thallenuge a comparison with the Engiurer. 2he Democratic members of tbe Legisla ure of Tennesseb Ird off nearly a year since, in favor of the fourth 3fonday in No rmber. Subse.uen'ly the S)tateb of Ma -yland, Michigan, Kentucky, Louisiana, ew .1Ham pshire, M assachusetts, Alaba a, and M,1ississippi, have all declared hir preferences for a latter day, and most if hem, for 81ay. 1844. Not a single iate responded to the recomaueodatiun of Pennessee, until 'the convention moe: at chnsd. Virginiia, is, therefore, " so itary and alene," in ber.enadorsement ofI be early- day. We are glad to learn, hbow verstfzat the Enquirer will yield its pre eriths to the ifill of the majority; and we lbave a firm faitb..from thu good sense and sound patriotism of its t~Ilent old E'd tur, that ere lab6-he willb found fight og side by sid6 erit us in urgin; .a haste lay for the e6dention, and advocating he claims of' the'distinguished Sautbern a ateamls, Jia's C. Car.sous. Corfispaby~aace sf As, Qhsrt~son MYrcury. WassWino-row AprIl 8. Bear sir.-The poh'tical aspect is high encouragipg. The proceedings of thie 71teaCtvninmeets little favor rith the people. The expected response ro New York has bet come. 'The Le Ilature it is said were to be uiged to I toinate Mr. Van Iluren, if Tainmany old be got todo so rsu.bdt Tammany. so' ar ftun'doing is, has ebnnli out against the I irgidia projectof a Nauidat Convention I i toto, against Novembier '43 and lar . ay 44, against State votes as'units and I sitk Dlgtem, and- vothng -per capita. Lhis goes the whole of the true creed, and avowedly toon on accont of af Calhoun. I ti iequlvalet. toa adnalnation 'by the' )emoeracy of the city. of"New'York, and ives the morbl-foree ofithat Cenmmercial imporinm* tota (5smpion of Free rrade. . Is regarde'don; all hauds as I as of the most imp'deu events that has I et occurred in mhths reotial canvass. remains to be seen '1'bt tile State will o. botthryd9elginhia.fn'ende arein I Frm Conitieuf *~ have the best ew-hre-otf u. Representatives dhe quota under the noer apportionment) re lndin to be eldetid, and are Calhoun na. The foutibh. It is said is also elect , and a Calhoutd taa.'Thus swee on gooa iedmglYtrol .' h oberjinento di te........ Thercis no rolmuhtbut thal :Ar.j Jalhans is everywhimre gaining ground. [n Virgiaia his friend* =es ian the highest iiri. The aeaw-of their Conveation, are rather ,AW.. than impared his. :ase. In Gily one County. and that 3eoeral Drongoole's, ba a response been iade for the November Convention hat project falls dead and still horn. anil ir. Ritchie must himself soon give it up. Wrhopeless. In a late number of the Raleigh Stan lard, (the Pulic Printers at Raleigh) a paper advocating Mr. Van Buren, the Editor admits that in the 9 Congressional Districts which the Democrats expect to carry in the next election, seven Calboun men will be elected-a pretty conclusive evidence that this god oWli Republican State will be at the post of duty. We may now consider the campaign as boi ofifyTairly opened, bnt the prospects of the caodidates as pretty plainly Indica ted. Mr. Van Biren's chinces were ha zarded upon a National Convention to meet in November to nominate. This scheme is now too dead to be galvanized into life again. The pe9ple repudiate it -they have put their veto on it-and Mr. Van Buren's prospects have waned in proportion. Col. Johnson is moving on ward in some quarters-in Mtissouri for instance. he is fast supplanting the influ ences which have been moving for Mr. Van Buren, and his friends say be will take it entirely a*ey. If so, the only Western State that Mr. Van Buren can count o is one. Ohio is dtterly distrac ted, and high authority from thence says. that seven-tenths of the Democracy are against him. In their divisions they are likoI to give Whiggery a chance. Yet s:. .mtdst ofall tiese divisions, North, East and West. in which others are in many instaacco in the front. there is a steady advance otf the public mind tuwards Mr. Calhoun. It this State he has admir ere and frieudswho are attached to him by no official power nor personal sympathies but arc gathering te him as a great man who is able to serve anl save the country. and who bat no persunal of selpsh feeling. to gratify by elevation to office. These public consilerations are powerfully sup ported'by the moral feeling orthe country for the extraordinary purity of his private lifo nid you nay count with great confi dence on the rapid developement of a popularity as widely exteuded andt as en - thusiastic as any lublic man has ever concentrated on himself in thecountry. Yours, &c. P. S. Staunch old Maryland. is firmly and truly for CALtonn-aud the cause there grows stronger with every day. From the Clharleswaa Mercuj. New York Pulities.-A lairs at Alhanv go nut smooibly. There is much talk not of the mildest-amsou the country papers, about Gov. Bouck's beiug in the batids of the Conservatives-a race of po iticians suspec:cd of no uncummon appe tite for loares and fishes: several of the Govcruor's appoitmtnenis have been rejec ted by the Seunte, and the surface of Le mislat'ive action rolls uneasily like the sea in an earthqunke. Touching the event and menuitg of all this. the Albatycorres pondeut oftbc Ltrald speculatos as fol lows: -31r. Van Buren remains in the city. crfoMcIIE0,ago g,:g G re~al 1911 0ress M71 atl eems to have been the inteation of the party at the Capital, to obtain a legislative expression favorable to his nomination at Baltimore. But the stand talkou by Col. Young against the Conservatives, and his dtcrtmination to resist every expedient construction of the Constitut.on for the benefit of railroad or ansy other monopoly. bas prevented Foster, Croswell & Co. romn mnaking the attempt. The days of icitatin are entled. Mr. Van Biuren's fiends dare not ask the Democratic mem ters of the Legislature, even in cauctes, to make up the question. lie will retire to' te popular ades of "Lindenwurld," without a legislative expression. The division in the Democrati: party has now become appareut. and 1 fear the iissolution is inevisable. The caucus step. taken at the commencement of the session >y the Sherwoods, Denniston, Roger, Le and and Cadwell, aro no longer emplny :d. They have culisted with theat, at this tour, a majority of the Daemocratic memn >rs. T1his will be made manifest pro -ious to the adjournment, by the removal if Cromwell fromn The office of State prita er. You msay imagine me wild in my >edictions, but I can assure you that it ill be accompliished. Tme arrangenents re nearly perfected. The stanid token by Col. Young, the secretary of State, itn respect to the cou titu tionlity of certain laws appropriating he public monmey to private purposes, eems to have brought things to a crisis, and the division of opinion ou the subject tas been broadly'marked and vehemently arged. The etIeet has been, beuides the livisiona at the party, to throw some doubt in the character of the Stocks issued un Ir these lawe. A writer in the Albany rgua complains of it in these words: "A fair'day's since, New-York 6's were I above par : Now they havi fallen to par, irfractiou above ir, a dif'erence ofncarly k per cent. The defenders of the Seer.. ary of State's repudiating communication nost pertinaciously deny that it sanctions 'r rather in'uites repudiation. But the agaciomus merchants of New York think if he legislature even couintenance thd doc ine that the state is "not under the sha law of a moral obligation for the fulfilmett i millions of stseks now outstanding," hey have reaso-n to doubt whether the tate scrip, that falls nader this ban will var be paid." Tb. moral obligation of the State lo re ceem these Bonds we eaneot doubi-but ye have just as little doubt that the S'edi etary was absoluely right in say'tig thfst hey were issued under laws paused in tontempt of the Constitution ofNew York. ltid the case is so plain, that'1h6 Logis ature ought at once to have seen the no :essity of affirminji the obligation of these onds by a solemn'act, with as much on inimity as 'possiblE, antd thie- question ould then have been set at reat. Insiead sifthat, they insist, against the simplest -tiles of legal ennstrtetion, that the laws were condsittihnal-resuintions are intro uced denounicing Col. Young, sind rail og at repuiution-anonth of lod talk. og supe'tIenessibe party files asunder they aimed to prevent. happens. as.indeld 1freou4Spthrwi5S? the State- Boud* sink in.va.ae, aittba question of obligm tion to ay 'ther is warmly agitated thi-aughout the Stats-all this because the party leaders at Albany could norresist an opportuuity of making faces and blowi ing horns ! . r. Van. Burea's residence at Albany ought to have given bis friends the benefit of a larger discretion tlan they have mastifested in thus sacriulcing the credit of the State for the pleasure of de nouncing and excommunicating Colonel Young. And in thus summarily disposing of the obligations o their Constitution, the New York Legislators have not given the best auaranty in the world that in an hour of temptation, they would scrupulously redeem the pledges of their Law. We hase wn darker days than these. The condition of the country from 1818 to 1823 was much worse than at present -indeed, those are "good times," compa -red with the state of the country at that time. It is a historical fact says the Philadelphia Chronicle, that in one sea son- of the year 1819, there were ten thousand able bodied men iu New York daily seekiag employment, or aiding the women, twenty thousand persons who desired something to do. Ia Philadelphia twenty thousand persois wire in the like condition, and in Baliimore ten thousand -rerc in'unste.:dy employmnent. Let it be remembered. too, that the cities were not half as populous. as they are now, so that for the present distress to equal the past, it must yet increase considerably. Nei ther is the fall of prices now near as great as it was then, nor has the value of real esitate depreciated to any thing like the same extent. MINCELLANEOUS. COLoMBA, April 7, 1$4;. .51 Dear Sir-When I sent you my lat cormnunicatiou I did not intend to ap pear gain in the outrier, as I have lately occupied its columns very frequently. The mesmeric experiments have, however, bad sudh a pleasaut influence on the organs of ideality and wit of certain writers in the Mercury; that I cannot avoid giving them nuother fact to serve as a peg on which to bang irfeir run. Nature has fortunately given me a tolerable bump of persever ance lhr my pursuits, or I might otherwise U discouraged in my experiments by the very interesting compliment of being "an amateur zealot of ramping imbecility," furrishing - rich scenes for those who like to smoke the ridiculous," &c. E collisione seintillg is not a bad motto in experiment al phifostiphy, and some of us who bave thi-k skulls can stand hqrd blows without sparks being seen by anyone but ourselves; aud be content with the reflection that - truth travels with a snail's pace." But to the fact-I have been crazy enough to make an experiient, which, till I found it to be true, I never thought it possible or likely." I have paralyzed the tpngues of t;o la dies so that they could not use them until I gure them permission. Numerous and res. pectable witnesses were present and saw the process, and the ladies were both "wide awake." My fitst impression was, eutre nous, that my discovery would be of im mense practical value in domestic life, --an. inpardinata artnian tf 'his mem ber existed, but a moment's refleetion sa tisfed re of a serious difficulty-if must be perfetlly at restfCr afetw Minutes, while the isuiuence is being developed ; and this, you know, in.certaia cases, is "a thing im posibi:_." In .the present dearth of subjects for communications, I hope some of the ano nymons scribblers of our antipodes will continue their poetical ktionis, "for the truest poetry is the most fieigning." it is quite asuusing to see the Incubr-a tions of the uninformsed-and I would on ly say to the uninitiated in mesmerismn, who tbinks me mad, in the language of Shakepceare, "thou erreat; there is no darkness, but ignorance;t in which thou art more puzzled than the Exyptians in their fug"-or I might quote in good hu monur, the following passage: "Fool, there wa-b never nran so ootorionsly abused; I am as well in my wits as thou ari"-but I would spoil his answer, if disposed, to quo~te what follows, and only say to him : " I tell thee true-be patient." I wish you would repeat my experiment, if you can find a willing eubajoct, and have the glory of following in the footsreps of your illustrious predecessor. If you do not verify it before you visit Columbia, I hope to show you "a quiet tongue," if I sur vive the power of those which reactioni may set in imouon against me. As nmy achievement is onte which has not been heard of before, I am not ambitious of going farther, and will nut trouble you again. Yours sincerely, R. W. GiBB3EZ, MI. D. E. V'rbaw, E sq. 'A Thoroawhftare across the Peninsula of Florida.-We read a long article in th~e Southern isUcelaey, ot the subject of making a rail road across the Peninsula of Florida, ao ps to avoid the difficult pas sage aroundi the " Cape," and among the Bahamta lslaads.-The article on the sub ject is signed -"A Georgian" also takes the true view of the policy of ourlitates not 1o let sectional lines divide their interests, ad is now too muchbtbe case. lu ou go verumeptin the world 'is "udion, strength" mnore tn in ours, and this great princi. ple applies particularly to the Soutnern States. On the suhject of the proposed rail road and its advaitages, we g've a brief quotation, regretning that our co lumns will not permit the publication of the whole article. " The States of~onth Carolina, Geor gia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana are all mutualy interested in promoting this great national rail road throughfare across the contry. to cut of the inog. dangerous route by sea around the Cape and Keys of Florada, or the apper route by steamboat from New Orleans and the Ohio river. -"The topbapical locatirou of Geor gia, asw eas South Carolina and Ala bama, together with their superiogadvan ages of wister climate over-thet of the North, taedestined byrnature to place these treStateqia ishoot raskk of bomze great -eautiual object .tiuternal improve ment, mutually, forther own and the na, ,ional bentae t ;and unnaibp a ia thofbost iotporatt central lcatiou u f igber. She basso many great and increas ing sta of wealth, population and agri citure lying, as it w ere, at her back and side,wbose best interests can only be pro. moted by crossing her territory, to get to an Atlantic market, instead of descending rivers to the Gulf oreijico, anI e sub jected to the long, circuitous, and danger ous route by sea, around the Cape and Keys of Florida-tshat she may be literally compared to a large plantation, located between an extensive neighborhood and a mill and-a meeting house. across which it might be found indispensably necessary that roeds should be opened for the coove nience; bappines., and the comforts cr life and necessity, of a communiy.of people thus situated., A ran'cannot get rich without intercourse with his neighbors. neither can a State--Sund- money and pr rty. free trade and fair competition go I basis of liberty, and the true stimu lant of a man to put forth his mind, labor, talents and perseverance, and become an exemplary, virtuous citizen-a, lover of good order and Government, and a useful being to himself and family, and to his country." Suicide on board the Somers.-RiciLtrd W. Leacuck, passed assistant surgeon, al tached to the brig Somers, lying at the Navy Yark, Brooklyn. shot himself on board that vessel last evening. Deceased was walking in the ward room between five and six o'clock, and no one present except Purser Heiskell, who was engaged in writing up his a - counts. Xr. Heiskell, in his testimon, - beftoe the coroner, says be noticed noth ing unusual in the manner of the deces. ed. Witness observed him walking, and soon saw in the dark the lash of a pistol, heard the report, looked up. and saw the deceased standing against the ward.room drawers, with his face towards witness, who thought th pistol had gle off by acciteut, and saw d.ccaseJ gradually fall. ing backwaird. . Mr, Builer, one of the crew of the North Carolina, who happened to be near. step ped in and saw the deceased leaning a gainst the drawers. lie took hold of him and laid hin on the door, when he imme diately expired. . . The pistol used was six-barrclled. and one of the barrels was discharged. The ball entered immediately above the right eye, and lodged in the brain. Deceased was a native of Norfolk, Vir ginia, a single man and aged 35. lie had been attached to the Somers ever since sh* was put in commission. He was reserved and melancholy, and was frequently heard to express a desire to be detached fron tl-e vessel. No cause what ever ean be assigned for this rash act. Verdict of the. jury, that he came to his death by shooting himself with a pistol ball through the head. It is a remarkable coincidence that just one year ago on the same day, Lieutenant. John Carroll shot himself in the head with a pistol ball on board he brig Boer. ly. ing at the same yard.-N. Y. Com. Ade., lst jis. The Boundaary Treirty.-.We are happy to announce Ihat evidpace of an important and conclusive character in regard to the views of the commissioners who negocia ted the treaty of 1783, on the subject of the North Eastern boundary has recently been discovered, and will soon be made known tu the public. At present'we are only at liberty to say that it fully sustains the Amrican claim.--Jour. Coa. To this intimation the New York Com mercial adds that the discovery has been made among the papers of tbe late Peter A. Jay, whcse illustrious father was one of the negocianors of the treaty of peace i 1782-'83; and that the red-line mas so much discussed of late, both in England ma'd the United States, will be shown to be of no accont. This discovery, it is alleged, will show conclusively that :he American claim was always right, and that so far as boundary is concerned in the recent treaty, wre have yielded every thin g.-Balt. Su. The Latestl Robbery-Morals of the Age. Wall street contanues to be in a tre mendous state of excitement, in relation to the late Jacob Shipman robbery. Eve ry one is crying out,"wrhere in God's name is'this to end?"" Is it possible that Mtiller is right after all!" There is no necessity for all this exeite ment about a paltry robbery of only 8100. 00Q at the meat, and probably only $30, 000, in good bankable funds. How earn any nittn escaple the contagion of Wall strees? Shipmnan i's not by an3, means so great a roguo as dozens yet not round ot. Do we not see Ite Waft street financiers whirhave robhadjke Banks,. Trust Com panies, and all sort, eiostmiuions, taking the lead in fashnahie society-siwag ou the high places in'thie dhnrcb.-nd occu pying a lofty positide at the beli Seeing . distinction between honesty'and rogu ary destroyed, it shaould not suqprise us t, rlad a Shipman start up every week-N. Y. Rertol. Btrglary.-A daring robbery was corn mitted ou Sunday night last By brea~iirg' npen :hea Store of Mr.. James S. Scott, who resides in 'he upper part of Colum Lii., and stealing a considerable quantity of sugar, coffee, a silver lever watch and cther articles, besides some small change in the drawer. Suspicion was inimedi utely fixed on a gang of loafing vagahonds who have been prowling aboat the town, ror some'tidne hack, and afler.oe efort they were arrested, and part of the goods round ott them.. Their name. are Jack Hughes. Daniel Mc3)o Job 'Elis, and John Livingsamn. -D gae g we learn, broke into Mr. P~ee et house on the same evening ,au i. themselves plentifully with beef to-estF with their groceries. a tasvet been committed for triaL- Chronick. The Cour,ofSessionss and Commda Pleas for--this District, emmeuced it. Spring ti m on yd5) est1 Jdudet Nelfug W usderstaad Aer$' wee dsnber of fit'aedae amo adjoounent will not take place ,util the seine 1%f the week.--GreencL taann. trinctr.