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*(yes a is SaiO*s1rib free, which -E" a aioti avegembalmed an ew~erb il; and whomever their eye shall oOWN of Tahe 'a-e-abai be OTO tbe bus to ta s i it 2. 1 fw fa mAni 11a~~a~aa ~i p "-'t.UIhe d-o MOW *9 b"t1 jim ow tht bve Who heh lOSed ithhibleohe foe, And~m pae1~f ofhe vangished. in sup w- ?4 f m d astheyrush t v -is..~ stud Ofth ictor drum madly are '7, 15 die that itoopeth to Thhrewinof the alant-.abeir fears to di'a.b6,~ia .70 spirit of EV as, be proudly doth .h ~ t.wpangln anner--e ee.. Aloe thie mt of the pi rdled deep, With MW MW .n in4fr', t And s~rmineS alon in he 0emb ether dan n; bau 7 idear tto theilrleer blodea tbw it start ' e ir tsr! For theY 44 Ua they reef. of their hoen on tA wave. Andehthuirpngled banr-thelag oelhe brave! For. O(W it siiyvhes lidearage is rife. of heb S of she ree hay bbreathed i No! deam so we is he b of the strif And bagle's low p-d when aie battle . abibers: E fIetier&farbieth LibertYf. .W6eilihem maro.withdrawn flows the . ieist f war; And, Seengld of Pems, prea& to land and to wave - The 6tae.spmeghd baner"-tbe fag of the braive And a ta a i% wtoe genis we owe At the proodeet to mateNal glory I h g;odandihe giadtin death repose low Tbseeti unsung,' ad forgonen in Ne 'w ?itie-e, of Esv, be it said. Th selam bsanweptin his trf cover ea as . -- *tfi.i1ios unborn shall repeat, while The ''Stareapangled banner-the flag of the brave . I'voud aenenennttaii! Ltasur colunsise. To llow the spot where a hero aeposes: And atuw o'er the dust of the virtons & wise Your bary eaves and laurel. your llis and roses: Bust the genius of anrg, Oh! g i doth be long A fidue which the wrlawardls not to the throg: Andthas on ourhweat aa? thy namte we '' y lel banner"-the (Pmek ts pt qfthe P&i-sdeIai Lesger-) TRILd6 MEERCER FOR MURDER. Wo'dbauuw April~h, 184& JU1f3E E~LMEIR'S C8ARGE. GenIeuys of IAe Jaqy' I will becnpy bot a tfew minutes in the remyks'j Sm about so. erake. It has bee rt .f i d~lwso impor t agt. ~ eaar have onsidered it, eus Ih Iaqred. thas gou have done 51'" he event of this css' i or dibhf the pri-. enetlirii a~r nd sie time has come. whentiis cio of tbagreat question des: ydu. Aq yu have been so vJ' worn er agred to try the case ugo ' nmsat daqcard~every cos~utu1~s ~bchihs been pressed upon. det I." Whatever say be your opl g. o are hound to follow 4be lawr e stion for you so determine Mablo eutbbiso MNeton, with malice afore begh. His honor then reed tbe satalee ' 'igs mirder and dividing it H~ug~e. edhim honor, is the kil bA1~S~ may he justiftable, ez erk The feloos kihllijILamlaan tobe the tun lawf jU N'a~smniab boengwish is if pes.elbf the State, with uaslee soudi~et' this ia no more sa -tJa e allohr cses. there must be afuice either ex pressor gaidqshe ues.uaRtJae pro * psher of theta.gilities hio p to,.pply the law. the - the case, yo are ee; end of t _ ee h Who swmed ..p the defence. (messrse 1 WhamU Yo hererrked thath a dtd - 'is i 'k~ri to teptivi the'4a -.tseeaid M 74 4 , thaL the prison awuamis. . . M -. Caseshave been cited before you to. how .ihat some Atraedianary iOnvoea- r tins. are deemed by the law su icidnt te I excuse.,bomicide;'sas asWhere a -man finds another in the act df'adultery with i his wife, or where the party slain was in -0 the aCt ofcommitting or attempting to commit i felony. BAu the plea of provo- a cation will not avail a man where he has x time to refect-or, in the language of the i law, when he hastime to-cool. If a bro- i ther, for instance, of Heberton had pursu- i ecMereer, utter the latter shot Hberton, I and had killed him iwould have. been j 'moUder, for thla'w ll'naOt permit mere a pasion or revenge to form a -jsification I th this case. The:prisoner's sister had c been ravished Wadel circumstances oT 6x- I trpme aggravation. .The fact was com- I muticated to him on the 8th of February, 1 and on the 10th he followed Heberton on board a steamboat paedlig over to Cam den. and, it is said, shot him when :the I boat had reached the dock on this side of I ibe river. The doctrine of the law is,that i the killing must follow the acr of provo- r cation, or the offinee receives no mitiga I uon from the provocation, and it is for t you gentlemen, to decide whether Meirer bad sufficient time to cool before he corn- I mitted the act, if you should be satisfied I that the killing of Ileberton was really done by him. . The second ground of defcnce, obsered. a Judge Elmer, is isanity, and a great deal c ha. been reset, sworn in. and remarked upon that subject. This is no douihat fruhi 1 in your me#mory. and I need not trouble I you with it. Indeed, to use the langaige I of one of the gentlemen for the defente. i we may, I think, tlnew monot of the tei. x mony upon the scicnce of this plea out of court, and turn to the simnple law. which i foirbishbe us with a sulfiri'ot guide ti a C right deterniuation of the question. You have only toinquire whether the pi soner. at the time he committed the act alleged. was possessed or sound memor and dis cretion. The Judge here read from a do cision of Lord Hale. an authority for this I principle, and observed that courts and juries must not be too rigid oin the one c band, so as to punish improperly anJ cr- .1 elly an irresponsible prisoner, nor too ea sily led away an ite other hand by an erroneous notion of insanity. They must i deliberate with caution and gravity. and decide sincerely whetbet, at the ttme of doing the act charged, the prisoner was or was not capable of distinguishing between right and wrong-or in other words who ther he knew he was committing an or- f fence against the laws of God and nature! The questions, geutletmet, you will de iermine by the evidence, and I cannot too Iorcihly remind you of the solemnity of c the obligation imposed upon you. You bave ibecase now inout hands, and i pray God that you may decide upon this issue in a manner most acceptable to him and r beneficial to your country. iz j.U hive I a reasonable doubt of the priammer's guilt, gentlemen, on either point of the defence, you ought to and must acquit him, for is is a humane Po of the law that it is l better ninety-ne guilty men should es. l cape, than one innocent man should be punished. In such a case as this. the principle is of still gloater weight. and sahiould be the more firmly impressed upon the minds of a jury. Judge Elmer concluded his charge a few minntes before 6on'elock. lHe was muech atfected thughout its delivery, and was listened to with deep attetion. Upon the enclusion of the charge, the jury retired to the Chamber of who court house, in etnstody of two constables, anud the Court was then adljourned by procds neation -'until the ringinig of the hell." A number of persons remained in court for some time, eagerly expecting the verdict, and an intense excitement prevaled. Every body ventured a speculation upon the result, and all sagely propehecied that the verdict would be theus and so The Vergtict.--.The bell rank about thirty thre. or four minutes after the ad journment, when a nost fnrious rush was made fur the conrt house by the crowd outside. A number of the people got in and were hurrying tumultuously towards seats. --ton the constables closed the doors unti! .orrival of the jury down stairs. Judge z~imore came in and took his seat upon the Bench among his asdeics, when the doors were opened to the publie, who rushed in. It was several minutes before order could be restored. Many persons came in tat the windows, and the crowd was as densely packed as possible. As soon as the officers had obtained silence, Mr. Carpenter rose and said Ite regreted to witness the turbulence mani fested by the people in coming into the Court, and he hoped thaut whatever might he the result of the ease, the audience woukd preserve am unbroken silence, and conduct themselves is a manner worthy of themselves and of the solemn occasion. Mr. Yroom eoiselderi in this hope, and said that the chtisens ought in repect to themselves, the Court, and bhe occasion, to remain perfectly quiet. The Clerk then proceeded to call the jury, and asked them if they had agreed on averdict. The Feman, Mr. Jennot, replied that they had. Clerk-Who slisU deliver your verdict,' gentlemen ? Several Jurytien replied; I our forea. -. Judge Elmer here-sroe; evidently much excited, and saId that be trusted the eiti- I eus would remain perfbet.uitil on so solemn an occasIon. If be ceunM not de mad this asnarghthe said hue uld ask < k as afavor'. --- The foreman of the jury now rose, and I the clerk asked the jury the asal gaed 1 tinbow say yous do youflnd teprson- m ert alty ot'nergulky, &c Foremau-4a. trdiiloos voice-Not gilty. In a mometiabarst of feeling .came 5 rom the croad, aiiteuort room was, In a. aproar o#delilgit. A saneof con fuson ensued'e . ittl' itipessiblei to t ,lesc.i.. Therk~iIMeatee calln.e I, sileuce ! order ! order !". Mr.. Brd*" '%4 " for .baw, Aendeen.' Judge ad soeorthat she ondferashgibA rl ou -?Vi ;e2o swt nheas*it ppere4to~ca Irisha.alsninho cu id'i'up.unjii. itiblerk ad estr hiel. 'aryd oarretorded, 'rc Bthw e anodd theteo. levertl mtembers ofb tshey werat greatly excited, ud somse or them shed-teurs. A number of personiu now eroed eund youn forcer to share hands with is, and one goid-faed gentleman, who ppeared to be an Irishman, and who could ot restrain himself, learned over the ban Dster and kissed his cheek. Mt. Brown exhorted the people not to este. Wercer by these gr atons, and a atber of persons rushed into the road houting abuzza for Mercer.' The Court hen adurned. Old Mnt. Mercer stas warmly pressed and congratulated'as lsis oe, and everybody about seemed over myd and scarcely able to contain ,ea elves. When Mercer passed backwagain a the jail from the Court House, the mowd fullowed shouting in the most de iio manner. I need not say. ater this, hiat e vict gave universal antisfac A Surg'col Blunder.-Many years ago, Shale ol sea captain resident in thiscity, sad the misfortune to breasboth his les, tad the accident was accompanied with nany wounds of the limb., so that both raetures weregsopposed to be what is eried "compound." or in other words, he wounds were deep enh to commu sicate with the fracturdit bones; whice enders such injuries peculiarly danger mts. Several of the most eminent sur ;eons of the day, all of wbom, however, ire now at rest with the patient, met in unrsultationl on the ease ; and it was uni ersally decided that one or the limbs nust the sacrifeed, as it was impossible for ho vital era of the patient to ncom ilish the cure of so many complicated juries. One limb was broken in a sin e spo; the other was absolutely crashed. u1.1. cfrte, the surgeons decided on he ansputatinu of the later. t the :eitio of the patient compelled thn.m Per dresin tihe limis, to delay the oper ine till the succeeding day; when thiy ne, by appoitutnt, at no early hour. arrn;;emesn beig completed, without emoving the envelope, the attending sur .en proceeded with the operation, and shen it was completed with all the deli :acy. rapidity and skill for which he was usily celebrated, be discovered that he rad aeptatetd-the wrong lib w i The patient was igorous; and in dlue arnceeds of time, the task of healing the nore severely fractured leg-with which ltone his constitution lad now to coniten-J -w as successfully accomplished. The grave liad long covered this surgi ral blunder, when the busy tntge of ame at last whispered te truth in the ear if the Iery-tempeed old man. who was ot in the Aret instance awhare of the error, md ho-very naturally. though errone sly, uoncluding that, if his constitution as adequate to the cure of the worst in. ury. it could not have been etmbarraused with the healing of the lighter burt-in nediately had the bones of his leg disin .ir. anid preserved them ever after, in parlor closet, whence, in early boy toed, I have repeatedly seen hLan take hem, shake the dry relics while repeating heir unhappy history, utterng scarce tat erable anathemas against the whole boo >rable fraternity of surgeon., past, present and to comue I I have alfeady aliled, it, a former es msy, to the facility of healing wounds dis. dlayed in the inferior animals ; as in the :ase of the salamander or water newt ; ant the subject is so immediately couneccted with the arguments of our next esszay thtat t may be proper to offe~r some further Ilus tratiems. The power of healing extensive wounds appears to he enjoyed by animals in de treue of perfection imeersely proportioned o the comtplexity of their structure. If re cut a human beitng in half, both pieces nust die; but it is said that when an earth worm is treated in the same manner, both pieces live, and become perfect animals. There are nmany other animals that pe rish when their headls are stricken, off, yes ive for a considerable time. Every child i aware of the propensity of the hind legs if the bull-frog to 'j:mjp out of the frying pan into ste firce" when being prepared ror an epicurean palate. The head of the mnapping turtle will bite severely-mnany Jays after it is severed from the body. Is will not die-as the popular faith erronse usly teaches us slant the tail of a small make will do--at sun set." I was once Jininig upon a duelightful dish of soup, made fronm the bodly of one of these rep siles, when my favorite water-spaniel :ommenced howling most piteotusly in the rard, when a servant rushed into the lining room, pale with fright, exclaiming 'Oh! Mr.-! Cesea madI!" A glance 'ru the window convinced me that there was too much "method in his madness" o he sytmpsomatie of- hydrophobia; and ;oinsg out, I uased every endeavor to seize aIm and examine into the cause of bis enrerings; but in vain. Tossin; his head n the -air, and then -thrusting isi murzzle niotentIy againss the ground, he careered nany times most furiously around the tard, yelling. and eluding me at every nra. At length the race was soddenly arrested. With his feet thrown-forward Isinose.slgnilleantly pointed to a spot on he ground imnmediately before him, end in expression of contenance In which' dwllferment ad pain weere rapidly giv ig way to a hnowing, hut very .dogged unk of asafaction, he motionless nd si ens. The mystery .was explained. In mnelling about for a dinner, he bed encoun ered the amputated head of the ttur le, upon wheb we had been maeking tar repas4; and belted ibede instantly augha In thie trap. 'There faysbe head issevered rrom- thea trupk. nore than wenty-four hoitrs preyiously, asd ins the icelike jaws was seethe end of the dog'e ose-completely hitten of!--Pkffaded ia Lierary Age. Aaeedfee-A smattsapruee looking mnan, acing a si'ge on one side of a door lettered PrisaW)4e dlf t :&em ", etntered -tnif~ if bd e oard fora b.thia idask ie Igind ,dtl, perso, shat he 6~ he gecna modaited. He had no soeaer taken pos *Moan of his .Toom son -olserving the t covered., be irede of theiddy wbatsbe -would have (or suppers Mot toast, mflius. and. soe vey. e Nic trie andMee, was- th*reply. W0, sac the new boarder.lyill iake the tast, Mar(s and tripe to night, and the Acl. irtr the morningU, if n.s please. maim. Do sit, was the reply. lie took her at her -word, fur be was gone to the morning. The Gealem-A series of articles. cleverly wriuen, under the id of .., The World in London." has lately appeared in Blackwood's Magazine. In the following extract from one of them arc some useful hipts: A gettlamen never sports spurs or a i ding whip. except when he is on horse back, contrary to the rule observed by his antagouiua the snob. who always sports spurs sad riding whip, but who never mounts higher than a threepeany stride on a donkey. Nor.does a gentleman ever wear a noustach, unless he belongs to one tof the regiments of hussars or the house hold cavalry, who alone are ordered to display that ornamental exuberance. Foreig ners, military or non military, are recoguised as wearing hair on the up per lip with propriety, as is the custom of their country. But no gentleman here thinks of such a thing, any more than he would think of sporting the uniform of the Tenth Fussars. There is an affecation among the vul gar clever, of wearing the saoustache, which they clip and cut a la Vandyk; this is useful, as affarding a ready means of distinguishing between a man or talent stud an ass-the former trustiag to his head, goes clean shaved, and looks like an En glishman: the latter, whose strength lies altogether in his hair, exhausts the power of Mactsssar in endeavoriug to make him self as like an ourang ouinng as possible. Another thing moust he observed by all who would successfully pe te gentleman: never 4P smoke cigars in the street in mid day. No better sign can you have than thi, of a fellow reckless of decency and behaviour: a gentleman smokes, if he smokes at all where he offends not the ol factories of the passers by. Nothing, he is aware, approaches onre nearly the most ofensive personal insult, than to compel ladies and gentlemen to inhale, after you. the ejected fragrance of your penny Cuba, oir your three half penny mildhavanna. In the ciiesof Germany, where tho population. almost to a man, inhale the fumes of toba.co, street smok ing is very properly prohibited; for how ever agreeable may be the sedative influ ence of the Virginia weed, when inspired from your own manufactory, nothing al suredly is more disgusting than inhalation of tobacco smoke at second hand. From the Washingoa Spectator. Slavery.-Whbatever may be the opin ions of candid men upon Slavery, as a distinct question, none can deny the truth of the following remarks extracted from a letter of Dr. Lardoer. in reply to some in quiries made of him as to his views on Southern Slavery "as it is :" I have now been altogether nearly four months at diff'ercnt times, resident in slave holding States, and have arrived at cer tain opinions which I do not think likely 19 he changed, so far as respects those par ticular States which I lhvo viited, First, then, I have no doubt that the physical condition of the slaves, in cities, is better than the physical conditio, of free labor ers of corresponding classe ,m the cities of Europe. 8econdly, for that and other reasots, I believe that emancipation would impair the physical condition of the slave-at, first very seriously ; and ulti mately loss so, tbnt still, not irnconsidera bly. Thirdly, I am sure that the slaves, in the cities, are quite unconscieus of the misery and degradation which to sorely grieves those who advocate abolition. They seem to be eminently erhappy anad contended race. Fournhly, in case of sick ness or any other budily visitation, affct ing life or health, the slave (as before, in the cities.) is better eared for than free la borers of the same class are in like cases in the cisies of Europe. Fifably, from ob serving the spirit which pervades the slave owning classes, I think the abolition party are retarding the event 'vhich it is their purpose to accelerate, and their exertions 'en d to render emancipation only attaina ble by means which cannot be contempla ted without horror : freedom must growo it cannot he suddenly created. 8ixthly, I have never yet suet teith any cases resem bling in the least degree those quoted by the anti-slavery tourists. I have not heard of such from any authority which admit ted of verification, nor have I happened to see, in any newspapers of the cities I have visited, any advertisements, of a kind similar to those I have been quoted, nor have' I ever witnessed, or ascertained by satisfactory evidence, cruelty practised towardis a slave, TEN COMMfANDMIENT8. I. Thou shalt subecribe for the paper printed in thine own town. 2. Thou shall not take a newspaper without paying the pritnter, for printers are a savage race, visiting their ager without mercy upon delioneuts. 3. Thou shalt noi steal each others items. 4. Thou shalt not hold illicit intercourse with thy neighbors paper. 5. Remember the advertisements, and keep the printer blessed with the fatness thereof. 6. Thou shalt not borrow. 7. Thou shalt not bear false witness a gainst thy neighbor. 8. Ionor thy cotemporary scribes, and all within thetr gates. 9. Remember e Ladies, for If a man come presumptuously upon them, the mnagistrate shall bore his ear throughb wish an a'!l, ad he shall be taken to the altar, & theneeforth have no more peace. 10. Bewure of Pedlgrs, Lawyers, She rifrs, Bailiffs, Serpent., &c. It is but recently that we have discover en the reason for calling our ntce young nen--bloods..--t most be becatise they get up such bloody -fewas We used 4o think that the namecesme rroms their pleas uni habit risecking theil relations and skekig their landlords, and naakinig their ,git..ifr. AGRICUL TURAL. - The 'baa-Few pople have any Idea of the great value .a is very eom. .mon and easily duitited.plaut..,kltough. there are still fewer, perbap especially :in the Sout4. bct who esteen it one of t;h.:u.ot pleasant tnd u.eful o'f r:getvil bles. The ease 'iiiu, wbich n iA raised is no inconsiderable recmmr!Pdattion, ia'd its medicinal qatities rernder it still more valuable. As a preserve. the Tomatc, has few superiors in ti vegetable king dow, aid it is al excellen. sabstitute for the fig, which, when dried and pack(ed in boxes, it very much resembles in many particulars; while the ketchup from To. malos is known and approved by ia gourmod everywhere. There are three varieties of the fruit-the large common, the egg, anJ the golden drop-the two latter of which are the most highly es teemed for their delicious flavor. The soi! in which Tomatoes are planted should not be very rich, or they will run too much to vine ; however, we presume it iN unnecessary to give any rauitiou on this head. But what we intended more pani cularly to reconimend, when we commen - ced this article, but which we had very nearly lost sight of, was, the great value of the vine of the Tomato as food for cat tIe, especially cows. We have tried the experiment, and believe it can be proved to a demonstration, that a cow ted on To matoes vines, will give more milk, and yield butter of a finer flavor, and,in grea ter abundance, than on an other long feed we have ever tried. W have here tofore only used it in small quantities from our gardco. but tatend this year, should God grant us healh a:d strength, to ex periment more largely, as we do not en tertain a doubt but that more food for cat tic, anti of &lker quality can he raised fn a given portonm of ground, and at less expense. when planted in Tomatoes, Iban any other vegetahle known in the Southern country. This is our opinion, but if we are wrong. having experimented, a we before observed, on a very small scale, we are open to conviction. and wi'l cheerfully publish any communication shedding light upon this or any other suit ject connected with the interests of the Agriculturist. . Lie on Caule.-!. Mercurial ointment. rubbed on the animal from the crown of the head to the root of the tail, down the back bone, will effectually kill lice in a day or two. This, however, is a danger ous remedy to use, unless the animal is kept in tho stable, and requires great care to preserve him from the eflects of cold and wet. 2. Corrosive sublimate is another ef fectual remedy. This is to be applied as before prescribed, but, like No. , is dan gerous. 3. A strong decoction of larkspur is alas) a sure and safe remedy. This should be applied as recommended for No. 1. 4 Sprits of turpentine is also a sure remedy. It hosil be applied as No. 1. 5. A decoction of tobarco, applied as No. 1. will destroy the lice. 6. A mixture of Scotch scufrand fish vil, rubbed on the affected parts, will de stroy the lice. 7. A mixture of soft soap and Scotch snaf, well rubbed on the parts, will also eradicate them. As an auxiliry to whatever remedy may be used. the carryeamb and- brush should be freely applied, after a day or two, in order that the hide and hair of the animal be kept clean. No animal which is well fed, and daily c~urried and brushed, will either breed or retatn lice ; the latter operation, however, few who have much stock can regularly attend ta.-Amerienn Farmer. Spayinff.-We have received from L. B'shop, Esq., of Smyth county, Virginia, the following accont of the process adop tead in spayingt pigs by Rufus Rouse iu that neighbiorbood : -Fix a plank three feet high. Lay the pi upon the right side on the plank, with two persons to hold the fore and hind legs and mouth. The implements used are a sharp pocket knife and a long crooked needle, with cutting awl-blade edges, and a stronag waxed thread. The operator takes his knife and shaves off some of the hair, three and a quairter inches from the hip-bone; he then makes an incision cross wase, so that he can introduce one finger to bring out the uterus;t he then cuts ofi the whole of the uterus and tharowvs it a w my; be thea enters the needle on one side of the wound and brings it up i brough the other. and secures It with a strona knot. One stitch is suificient. A mixture of tar and hog's lard is used to smear the wound. This mode of operation is the invention of Capt. Rouse and I am in favor of the plan ; considering it more safe and less troublesome than the other me thods."-Cultvntor. Soe'eign-Makiatg amsosg the Bees. Mr. Oliver, in his lecture at the Boston State Hoase, the other evening, on these "most fascinating insects," as he happily termed them, the bees, alluded ip the won derful fact that, when by any unfortunate aiccident, they are deprived of their QLueen, they posses th' pa wer of making another. by converting a worker worm into a royal one. They first select the yourng common worms which are to be metamnorphosed into Queens, and enlarge their cells, by destroying three contiguous ones. This enlargement of room, however, is only sufilcient for the first three days; for thae two next it requires another position. To accommodate at stilt further, they destroy other cells. As the worm grows the bees continne to labor, and to provide food, which they place before its month, and around its body. This food is a substance designed for royahtly alone-more stimula; ing than the food of ordinary bete, and has not the same miawkish taste. The time having arrived for the transformnatin of the worlm inlts Nymph, and no farther cure on the p art of the workers being no Keessary, thbe beesc clse th'e cells with a pe culiar substance, end leave the prisoner to undergo its changes. When these are comn pleted, the now sovereign comes-fengh in all hertaqjesty and.glory-makngbut one step afrom the prisoato the throne; and her delighted subjects cluster arouned her, and show every mark ofjoy and attach mnut. Simila and streager taken. of r jaicing ate shown if. after.ths Ins ofther owa'lp. Wn4y tlielves co~miences the preparstious just mention. ed fora new one, ths Apsnan should himl*)f furnish tne for another stocl The Patent O.cc of the United Stars. -i-'here is no pl3ce about - the - iy of Wcshingon whe A-46 seientieif mind - can finn more objects of instruction thin in the Patnt Olie. The . buildiag is situated on tih stree( near the Gonemral Post Office, and is n very, large substan tial a"one building. The stoa columns, whieh~stlpport a projection- in fron4. are about four feet in diranier at the .base, are high and ornamented by rooves running tp and dowv. On the aseond floor are foiund the patent models. The former building having been destroyod .by re. all the samples of patents were conmomed and those which have been resoed are consequently new, and the colleedon pro serts a handsome display of American skill and ingenuity' The names and re idence of the patentee is labelled upon his -nodul, and it is worthy of remark that a very large majority of them reside in the New nglRand States and New York, and that it is yery rare to meet irith a' name from the $oithern States. I should judge that not lMs than one-twev tieth of them are from those stales. I saw a perpetual rat trap, however, which appeared to have been invented at Alex andria, and an intelligent old min - to whom the superinteodant was expibidng it when I entered. guessed it was a yankag invention, but on being told the. inventor resided in the District of Columbia, he insisted that he must hiavo come froM New En;and. The trap was indeed a very curinu contrivance. It is enustruc. led of wire painted green and -is 'abot thirty inches in length, about five inches high. and four wid.. The rat enters by passing under a sheet iron door which a suspended so ns to Sving iiward .Avo* posses under it, rand swing bnck to its place agairn. There is a space of about an inch under the door when shut, but the animal not having sagacity sufeilient to raise th. door he must go the other direc tion. The bait which enticed him in, is suspedtted over another treacherous door which is laid a little elevated at one end. This udoor drops when he steps on it and he is immediately transferred into ano ther roown. There is a still more distant apartment ito which heesespes, but from which there is r1o return, and having'by means of the machinery be paseed over, set the trap again, he is not often Ief to pine long alone in this secret cell, till his solitude is interrupted by the sudden ap pearance of another convict who also come posting reluctantly into this back room. And so when se species of ver min abound, it is no( unusui fortrappers to have the pleasure of seeing 8 or 10 captured felions looking through the grates of this prison in the morning as the spoils of one night. The variety and s'ugalariiy of some of the patterns of staves. threshing machines, cornplanters and shellers, grist mills, shingle machines, horse rakes, clover seed machines stave cutters, bedsteods, locks, serew cutters, raidroad locomotive cylinders, garlic machines, hoes, cutting boxes, bee hives, plows, &c., &c., are rM markable. I counted above ninety dife rent models of plows, and there are al most daily accession* made to these Froisi~s Naw York Mechanic. The Gold Watch.--As Emb6em of So ciety.-I have now in my hand. a gold. watch, which combises embellishment and ut.lity in happy proportions, and is usually con'silered a very valuable appen dage to 'he person ofa gentleman. Its hands, face chain sand case, are of chased and burnished goldl. Its gold seals spar kle wmth the ruby, the tops: the sapphire, the emerald. I open it, and find that the works, without which this elegantly cha sed case would he a mere shell those bands mnotiouless, and those figures with out meaning are made of brass. I in vestigate further, and ask, what is the spring by which all these ire put in mo tion, made of f I am told it is made of ateet. I ask what is steeli The reply ;.. that it is iron whbich has undergone a certain process. So then I find the main spring, without whbich the watch would .be motionless and its hands figures and cmbellishmvnis but toys, is not of gold that is not sufilciently good ; nor of brass, that woild not do-but of iron. Iron is therefore the only precions metal; and this watch ao apt emblem of society.-Ias hand and figures which toll the boor, re semble the master spirits of thme ags to whose movements every eye is directed Its usless, hut sparkling seals. saapphires. rubies, topaz, end embellishmaents, lb. aristocracy. Its works oftbyas the mid die elmss by the increasing intielligence and power of which the maister spirnts, of the age are moved ; and its irom maim spring, abut up in a box alqays as worh, but a. ver thought of, except when it is disorder ed, broke, or wants windnp, symbol cally thme laborious, classes,'which like the main spring, we wind up by the pament of wages ; and which classes are shut up in obscurity, and though coiiitatl at work, sand ab-olnu.-y es necessary to the movement of wiet'~y as te iron mait spring is to the gold wateku, ire -never thought of except when they reauire their wnges, or arc ina some want or dasorder of some kind or other EoDwa3. Evitazr. State of South Carolina, EDGEFIELD DISTRICT. IN THE COalMON PLEAS. Win. Sicurry, John dcurry. Wmn. H. ltrennan,h ,for the use of W m.'Scurzy, '- Dcdtaradoea is 0 .John Scurry. 1H Eplaifr's navug taos day filed thiri de 'lsrie~xin thboeystatedcsserin nmy olie aundihe defendant bassag me ifeeor attornhy, known to be withia tins 8Stt em whomt a copy of.said~eeatmions. with a ral. to ptoad shall he served, It is ordered at the said defendant de plead to the maid declaatb7a withina yea and daydren the pmaNlee this oder, or gusatand saslaue udgmnt r be awarded against hina.. . - I- - GElS. PAPE, c. c I. Clerk's Ofre, w - !7th May, t'N2. i ly 18~