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u a': S: 1. .eour 28 1844..
VOL ICfE IX. ,, .EkLe1i1 d ni u1uiou6, -EDGEFIIELD ADVYERTISE a W. F. DURISOE, lROPRIflTOR. -fair .TERMS. .wo Dollars and Fifty Cents, per annum, if paid in advance-Three Dollars if not paid before the expiration of Six Months from the cate of Subscription-and Ponr Dollars if not paid within twelve Months. Subscribers out .ofthe State are required to pay in advance. No subscription received for less than one year, and no paper discontinued until all or rearages are paid, except at the option of the 'Publisher. All subscriptions will be continued unless otheiwise ordered before the expiration of the year. Anyperson procuring five Subscribers and becoming responsible for the same, shall re ceive the-sixth copy gratis. S..Advertisements conspicuously inserted at 624 cents per square, (12 lines, orless,) for the first insertion, and 431 cents, for each continu ance. Those published Monthly, or quarterly will be ch'arged $1 per square for each inser tion. Adaerisements not having-the number ofinserticins marked on them, will be contin ued until ordered out, and charged accord ingly. All.Job work done for persons living at a distance, musi be paid for at the time the work is done; or the payment secured in the village. -Al communications addressed to the Editor, post paid, will be promptly and strictly attend ed to Sheriff's Sales. BY virtue of sundry writs of Fieri Fa cias, I will proceed to sell at Edge field Court House, on the first Monday and Tuesday' of March next, the following property Luther Roll vs Charles Lamar; Abram and Samuel Mathews vs the same,; arid other Plaintiffs vs the same, seven negroes, to-wit: John, Charles, Eliza, Mary, Judy, Harriet and Laura. S. F. Goode. endorsee. vs George Sad ler,'one negro girl, Clarissa.. -Haviland, Risley & Co. vs Charles B. Carter; oiler Plaintiffs vs the same, one Horse, Saddle and Bridle. 'Hiram Roberts, Trustee of Mary Rob drEs, vs'Robert McCullougir, five Negroes, viz: Linday, Ephraim, Viney, Ritter and Tom. Terms, Cash. H. BOULWARE, s E. D. Feb. 17, 2 3 SHERIFF'S SALE. Y virtue of sundry writs of Fieri Fa cias, I will proceed to sell at Edge field-Court Houwe, on the first Monday and- Tuesday of March next, the following property: Jehu Mouchet vs Pew Nix, one negro Girl. Harriet. - William H. Moss vs Dendy & Key. three Negroes, viz. Hannah, Marindla, and Dave, levied on as the property of T. N. Dendy. J. & G. J. Sheppard vs WV iiatn !1. Fagin: Henry Rush vs the same, one Negor Girl, Keziah. Terms-Cash. H. BOULWARE, . E. D Feb.13 3t 3 SREI UFF'S SALE. BY virtue of sundry writs of Fieri Fa cias, I will proceed to sell at Edge field Court House, on the first M onday and Tuesiny in March next, the following properly : A. J. Rambo vs Rudolph Carter and Elizabeth Carter, the tract of land where -the defendant.Budolph Carte.- now lives, containing five thousand acres more or less, adjoining lands of John0 Wise, Meiry Hightower and others. *Jasper Gibbs vs the same; the above described property. Wade Glover vs John Scealy, the tract of land where the defendant lived n't the ;ime of his death, on Big Horse Creek, ad joining lands of Amony Sibley, formerly the land of Wiley Milton a'nd others.. J.-Gibbs & Co. vs Philip Pow, the tract of'lnd where the defendant lives, con tain ink two hundred and seventy-two acres, mre or less, adjoining lands of Robert Ldfton, Reuben Landrtum and J7. Hughes, Hiram Roberts, Trustee of Mary Rob ertse vs Robert McCullough, the tract of land where the-defendant lives, ;eontain-. ing seven hundred and fifty acres, more or less, adjoining lands of Washington Wise and others. .Charles A. Meigs vs Abijah Abney and Charles Powell, the tract of land where thredefendlant Abijah Abney lives, adjoin. inglands of Sarah Starke and others.. -E.. B. Pressley vs W C. Clegg and Camellh Clegg ; John S. Smyley vs W. C. Clegg, ohe hujdred acres, more or less, adjb'ming lano ofJ J.W. Clegg,Jose ph Still - and~others. JS. J . C.. Smyley vs James Golo man, the tract of land. wihere. the, defend ants now lives, adjoining lands of Rolin Rhodies and others. .James Dorn vs A. R. Falkuer, the tract of~landavhere the defendant nowv lives, ad. joining lands of John West and others-.. Alsoa tract of land called thre Red Tract. ,Drannon & Mtindy vs John C. Thomas, tholinterest of the defendant in three hun drei acres of land, more nr less, adjoining Iandsmf~ ait Howard and others. V.W 8.Austin:vs A.eE. Moore,two hun dred and forty-four aeres of laud,.adjdin ing lands r )~ue, Wilson Shealy S. F. Goode, Endorsee, vs George ier,-the tract of land where Mrs. Saral Sadler now lives, adjoining lands of the Estate-of Richard Dozier, deceased, anc others, V. V. S.'Austin .vs.Ri T. Moore anc William Bridges, Administrators of th< Estate of Samuel Moore, deceased, eigh iundred acres of land, more or less,'ad joining lands of Jacob Long, Caleb. Inab nit and others. Luthcr Roll vs Charles Lamar; Abran Mathews and Samuel M. Mathews vs the same; N. L. Griffin vs the same. and Lewis. Elizey, the House and Lot in the town of hamburg, kcown as the Amnericar Hotel, occupied at this time by Robert R Hunter as a public tavern. Terms Cash. S. CHRISTIE, s.'E. D. Feb. 10 4t -;3 -Tax Colector's Iotice. WILL attend at the following places to colect Taxes for the year 1843: 51orday, February 19, Pine House, Tuesday, " 20, Ridge, Wednesday, " 21, Norris', Thursday, " 22, Mt. Willing, Friday, " 23, Perry's, Saturday, " 24, Coleman's, Monday, " 26, Lakes. (inoros,) Tuesday, " 27, D. Richardson's, Wednesday, " - 2., Allen's, Thursday, " 29, Smyly's, Friday, March 1, Shelpard's, Saturday, " 2, Duzntona's. tMonday, " 4, Liberty Hill, Tuesday. " 5, Parks', . Wednesday, " (t, . Middleton's, Thursday, 7, Vance's, Friday, " 8, Cherokee Ponds, Saturday, " 9, Beach Island, Monday, Tuesday & Wed nesday, of the first-week- dgefield C.,H. of Court, Saturday, March 10, Hamburg. B. F. GOUEDY, T. C. E. D. Feb. 14. 3t 3 T HE FARMER'S LIFE. I love the farmer's quiet life His peaceful home, devoid of strife, With gay contentment bless'd. I love the virtues of his heart, Which peace, and joy, and love impart Around liis tranquil rest. I love the bloomy hills and dales, Their healthful winds, their odorous gales, Untainted with disease: I love the tales, and legends old, By white-haired sires at twilight told, 'Mid scener of shadowy ease. T love the labor and the toil. Which clothe with beauty Freedom's soil, Where tyrant never trod ! And when each task from turmoil.free, Great God, is sanctified by thee, And consecrates the soil. I love the scnes of social mirth, Which brighten around his evening h-arch, With joy unnaix'd, replete: Where friendship's smile. and love's sly leer, Are <en thro' joy's transanrcnt tear, Ad true friends onuy meet. I lnve what e'er the season bring 'rhe flowers that bhnsh-the. birds that sing Eve'. low (aeon breeze: The vernal smiles-the summer's charms, The autnun's fi-its-and winter's storms, All charm in their degree. AGRIOULTURAL. From the Albany Cultivator. Lr.TTER OF MR. ELT.swoRtTu-BoMMEIs's . PATENT. WVe invite the attention of the readers of the Cultivator to the annexed letter of the Hon. Mr. Ellsworth, chief of the Patent office at Washington, on the stubject of pa tents, and the claims of Mr. Bommer in particular. There is no subject in then whole range of agriculture, of more inter. est to the farmer, than that of manures; and any improvement in its manufacture, by which its quantity and qnality may b increased, wrill be .received by them with favor. That the manures made in the way recommended by Mr. Bommer,'or accord. ing to the patent claimed by him, are of superior quality, no one acquainted with that method can doubt. But if, as Mr. Ellswvorth seems inclineil to suppose, it is only the French method. with some un important additions, so far as the makiog of the manure, or its qutality is concerned, that method* should be generally known, that, all -may avail themselves of its advan tages, and we thank Mr. Ellsworth foi enabling us to give the specificationsa place in the Cultivator. We have giver the large pamphlet, just published by Mr. Bommer,and containing an ample account of his method :and its advantages, a copy of-whieb he -has kindly placed in our hands, an attentive* -perusal, and can safely say there- are few, if'any, publien tions on the subjectthere discussed, what ever may he their pretensions, which com bine such a mass of practical .instruction on the preparationl and useof manure. Of the legality of the patent under whiel he is acting,:we do not express.an opinion but wve knowv that the ,nethodl used by. him and described in the pamphlet, a. copyo which is furnished every purchaser of right, -will.make manure in anf cjuantity and of -theibest :quality . for almost everg kind of :cultivated crop. Of the Frenci method, as described itt the specifications we arc not competent to judae. havinj never witnessed its effectanlwe should, however, prefer purchasing Mr. B's, book in which the whole process is detailed. LETTER FROM Ma. ELLSWOarn. Washington City, Patent Office, Nov. 3,,1843. Mesars; Gaylord and .Tucker.-I no ticed in your last number of the Cultivator, just at hand, a particular notice of Bom mer's process-also his advertisement an noutneing."1ommer's manure method, se .cured by letters patent," and referring to I "documents'recorded in the patert office," to prove.his, rights. This advertisement has greatly-increased the burthen of an siwering requests for copies.of "Bommer's Pareht." Whilst . have studiously avoi ded expressing an opinion.on cases. pend ing or decided, yet as special reference is nnwamade to the bureau to sustain the ad vertisement, and fearing that, the public may be misled by my silence, I hasten to state the facts qs they apjear of. record. Mr. kommer, on the Ith of May, 1843, presented an applicatioh for a patent for making manure. This application. was daily examined, and rejected fur-want of novelty. No appeal was taken. The application was withdra wn, and $20, the usual sutn allowed on withdrawals. paid to Mr. 3omrner on, the 6thiof July last. No other application has been made by Mr. Bomomer for a patent for similar .purpo ses.* It may not. be ispproper to state that Messrs. Baer & Qouliart, in June, 1843, obtained -a patent to an alleged im provement on the method of making ina nure, patented in France, by Jauffret, which said'method, however, has not been patented in'the United States, and is there fore free to the public. How far the pub lie are restricted in the use of foreign inven tions, may be ascertained by referring to the claim of the American patent, which, you will perceive, is restricted:to the prepa ration of the heap and the mode of apply ing the lye to the same ; the ingredients -in other words. the lye itself not being claimed. That no injusticeamay be.done to the parties concerned, J send Jou a copy of the American patent, and only add that Mr.Bommer has become an assignee for several States, under thislast men tioned patent. Yours, &c. H. L. ELLW.oRTs-. Copy of Baer 4 Gouliart's..'atent. To all wbotn it may concern: Be itknown. that we, Charles Baer and John Gouliart, of the city of Baltimore, in the State of Maryland,have invented certain new and useful improvements in the manner of making manure. whirch has been for many years practiced in France, and has been there secured by Letters Patent under the name of "La Methode Jauffret," and we d hereby declare that the following is a f I and exact description thereof. In the method. of Mr. Jauffret4 a pit or reservoir is prepared of sufficient size to contain the quantity of prepared lye which may be rcquiret! by the nature of the es tablishtent. This reservoir or vat is .in tended to be a receptacle of water satura ted with decomposed animal and vegeta tile matters. and is further to receive the it)krodients-hereinafter named ; such water i4 Ifb found on nearly every farm, and it may be augmernted by the drainings of :abks, by dish water, suds. and other sub stances of a like nature. AIr. Jauffret. however. finally prepares ;is ;ye, by which the fermentation of the articles to be convurted into manure is to ie promoted, in the following manner, un der various modifications. For the couversion of from one to two tno,.aancd potnds of vegetable matter into manure, ho takes about 200 lbs, of cight soil, 200 " calcined plaster in poirder, 50) ' wood soot, 20 " wood ashes unleachted, 60 " quick limed I " common salt, 150 " lye or ferment drainings from a Jauffret macnure heap. These inigrediets are, in many cases, to be replaced by others; this lye to be pre pared 10 or 15 days before use. The quantit y of materials above named, for the conversion of from 1 to 2,000 lbs. of straw or other dry vegetable stalks, will answer for about double that quantity of green vegetable mat ter. In using this lye, the plans of Mr. lattf fret is to steep in it the vegetable fibres, which are to be acted upon by throwing them into the vat or reservtoir containing it, and removing it thence at great labor so as to form a high hea p in the vicinity of the vat, in which the drainings are allowed to run. We have thus given a brief outline of the method of Mr. Jauffret, the same ap pearing necessary to the understading of our improvements, which consist in our omitting altogether the excessive labor of steeping the materials to be acted upon the lye, and elevating them from thence to the heap; and also in the preparation of a lye, wvhich is equally eff'ective with that of ,Jauffret, at much less cost, and whichi can be used immediately an' its being made, thereby saving the delay of 10 or 15 days, which "La Methode Jauffret," requires. We prepare a reservotr to contain the lye as usual, and in the imniediate vicinity or this, we tmake our stacks -or heaps of veget able mnatter;which is to be converted into manure. .-i *fr. Bommer inufcrnis'us that on finding his own claim rejrected, he 3vaIs induedto Tiake an arrangemnent witis Baer & 'Gonliart. by which his claim was again presented, and thc p atent securerd in their nameas--EnS. We give to the ground, where the heap or pile is to be made, an inclination to wards the vat ; if the ground is a firm clay, it may be merely sloped, and have shal low trenches dug on its furface tb codduct the drainings back into the vat ; or it may have a floating, of timber, brick or stone, as. may be preferred, which may be so tretiched as to conduct the whole towards a central drain. When our platform or flooring is of clay, we cover the trenches and whole surface ofit, ts ith brushwood or rails, so as to form a temporary grating that will support the weight of the heap, and thus insurea drainAge, and the ad mission of air to the heap below. The materials to be converted into ma nure, we pile up on this prepared platform immediately as it is delivered by the carts, and this we sometimes continue to do un til the heap has attained the whole height .to-be given to it, when, by the use of a pump, buckets, or other suitable means, we raise the lye from the vat and pony it on the heap, continuing to do so until the whole mass is saturated ; we, in general, however, raise the heap to a height of two, three or four feet, more or less, and then pour on a portion of lye,.repeatin , this as the height of the pile is increased; this procedure obviates the necessity of lifting the whole of the lye to the full height of the heap. The materiils which we employ in ma king the lye, may be limited to the follow ing, namely; cow, horse or hog's dung, or night soil, the urine draining from stables, and quick lime. The idgredients used to be intimately mixed with a sufllicient quan tity of saturated. water. Two of the' kipds of animal dang we 'have t'ormed to answer as well :as a larger n'mber. A perfectly good lye will be made by taking. one barrel each of two species of dung. tweof the urinary drain ings, one of quick lime, and about 50 bar rels of saturated .vwater, whicheis..then to be used as aboveexplained. What we claim as our improvement on Jauffret's method of forming manure, by the rapid fermentation of vegetable fibres, is, first. the forming of the said vegetable matter-.intopjiibr heaps, without its be ing first immersed in the prepared lye, and the subsequently -saturating the same by the pouring on the lye in the manner set forth. CHARLES BAER, Joast Gou.:uAtT. iWitnesses. Th. M. Albbeti,' atented June 24, 1843. J. R. 'ibbett. From the Charleston Mercury. I AGRICULTUfRAL SURVEY. Mr. Editor-It has been stated in the public prints, that the office of Agricultural Surveyor of the State has been offered to Mr. M. Tuomey, of Petersburg Va., but the announcement of his acceptance has not met my eye. I can say, however. that he has accepted the honor conferred upon him, and will be with us the first of March at farthest, to enter immediately upon his duties, and I hope his survey and report will be permitted to include the scientific geology of the State as well as an exami nation in a purely agricultural point. of view. Mr. Tunmey, with whom I am acquainted personally as well as by correspondence, is n gentleman, intelligent and capable in geological examinations. He has thorrugh ly examined the geology of the vicinity of his place of residence, (whose geological position is similar to that of llamburg, Columbia and Camden in our State,) and it is hoped that an interesting monograph will he put forth by him on the subject. I do not desire to raise public estimation in ani unduec degree, a circumst ance tending rather to thme disadvantage of those ini whose favor such expectations have been excited, but raither to bespeak th~e kind at tentions. of our community towards Mr. Tuomney, as d gentleman of modest and unobtrusive irterit, who is coming among us under the disadvantage of being entire ly unkflown to almost every inhailitnt of the State, and having but a limited per tion of time allowed him for thie accomn plishment of mneh labor Although Mr. Tuomey nmay p1ossibly feel depressed at imes by the thought that his predecessor was such a man as Mr. Rullin,-he is yet the very man to continue what Mr. Ruflin has begun. Front long intercourse as inhabitants of the same town bie is well acquainted with Mr. Rutlin's views and with the results of th'eir applica tion, although in the exercise of his owvn judgement he may sometimes differ from him. He has in fact already lent hifaid to the~ survey in the deteftination of the names of fossil shells, and in other modes, which Mr. Ruffla nas acknoledged at pages 42 and 63 of his report. The recent survey and report of Mr. Ruf fin has given an impulse to scientific ex ainatiomi of soils, and to improvements in agriculture, which will be continued by the labors of Mr. Tuomey, and it is hoped will not sobside antil its influence is felt in every part of the State. Others will be in duced to cooperate to the same end by en tering collateral departments, as for in stance, the chemical examination of soils, and the insvestigation) of the habits of de structive animal?, insects especially.- Dr. William Home of this city has already been examining the habits of the trouble some cnt-worm -of out gardens, and'is al. so about ,to analyze systematically.sohu from various parts;o( the State.-L.-R. G. New Method of vaising th~e wind.-h lady in Boston has recently resorted to very novel and ingenious species of trick cry to ratse money. The Fost says thal CONGRE11111011 correspoltdevebo alpelsa&M S~i r. -WAHsINGTot ,re.44 ' In the Senate, Mr. Choate-ps bted sundry memorials sgaint Su odn ils.. He also presented a memorialffm '*t officers and -crew of "ie U :8. ;ifi er Missouri, asking compensatipn' for sustained by the burning ofsaidvesel'e After the disposalofsomepfiva Td ruse, Mr. "Allen called iup the bill ii 0oep'1 Gederal 'Jackson's f'ne."x' Messrs. Woodbridge and some brief remarks, after i was read a'third time, and fidali i = in the same shape it came froibe Huile 3 No reference is made to lang"Hall A message was immediatly despatched t& the House, where. the'news was received with unbounded applause. Th dvote was 30 to 16. The pasgage of this billHi b6 a beautiful greed garlt &di reathe a. found the tomb ofthe old General'. It appears to be 'generally understood that Mr.. Giliner has been prevailed upon to accept the Navy*Department.' Ti'so Mr. Wilkins will: take the War Depart-1 mcnt. The President sent in their nomi nations Ibis afternoon, a few minutes aftrer the Senate adjoerned. o 'h In the louse,; tihreporfthe Elctiin Committee was again.taken up. Mr. Elmer, Chairduiaf the aommit tee. occupied the first lhoib iofoaigto - defence of the report of'te'he s, the author. When he concludedabout six members sprang upon theirfeei ;niios to'get the floor. It was give'to' Vet lr, who moved the previoaqgUiieetf - was of course seconded. The House then proceeded to yo substitute offered. by .Mr Dromger l lieu of the resolutions rigtnal rep 'iTe resolutions were amended by the a duption of this substitute. The qesitio. then recurred on'the adoption of the rasso utions as amended. A division being demanded, the did was first taken on the first branch, whicli? declares that all the members. of the Dt tricted States, (Maryland,.add two oaies ted cases from Virginia'ex'cepied) areien='si titled to their seats. p S " " The vote was tiked, however;:a'd is portion of the substitute carried. The remaining resolutions declarea the members from the everal. non- distritet States to be duly entitled to their seafi ., After a voting of three bour, eig zr so istriad-wmeber were 4iciar'a o1 ale z bes duly elected- ... When this was closed, each non distric d member received the whole vote of th najority. Last evening there was a great Demq rahic meeting at the Apollo Hall. S'ee ral nqpt distinguished' members of'Con gress were present. It was inteded-.asl set off to a similar meeting on the partf - :he Whigs. February 15 In the Senate, resolntions'were present ed from the Indiana Legislature in ravu'r of a National Armory and other.matters. The bill appropriating $40,000Tfor im proving Pennsylvania Avenue, was, 1iiffi debate, ordered to be engrosst TJe remainder of the day was occupied in Executive Session. The nomination of Mr. Gilmer to ther Navy Department. and that of Mr. Wil kins to the War Department were cob firmed. In the 1louse the speaker presented it letter from Mr. Wise, in which he notifies the House that he has sent his resiguatidn as a member thereof; to the (ovoernor o" Virginia. He retutas his thanks rihe' courtesy he has always received, mdd'wish s members all kind'of prosperity.:E The House theft resumedthe voting'Wu tlee non-districted members. lt *ace,6i intgd until they were all declarsdtahhv' been duly elected. ' ' - . ' 'Mr. Dromgodle desired ter niete iffd diional resolutioiR to the efeet that the gecond section of the Apportionment 'Act does not at all effect the validity ofrdneir election. Objection being made Ilfdiboed a snspension of the rules, but n ithdtt ,ec .Mr. A. V. &rowa itered to distharge the Comwmittde of the Whiole, fldm the ' consideration of his bill, providing. fpr -the repeal of the secrond section of the Appor tionment Act. He did not suceeed, tTWo: thirds not voting to suspil tbE tdes-g On motion of Mr. Levyfresolun6 was adepted calling on-thes Pesdentestee infornatton relative' to a denahd ijpoid Great Uritain for-.eritain etiminals - 'l. have es~aped from Floridea to th'e Weiif Idia Islands.1 A great nurrber of repiorts werd thems uade "from Committees. Amonf 'them was a-report from the Coitnfhitteo'on Fo reigp Affairs relative, to ti redu'ction of the salaries of Foreign Missions." A .bill'enm repoted from the Corn ittde oit CoUin. merce 'making appropriations ror eerrhli" barurs and rnvers. A bill.~waired from the' Committe on daPulie~sa authorizing actual sptliers on the .publicf lands to enter an" additids91unr rse tion ; also~'a bill establishing'a perrnhaef and prospedtise presiptioni systemi~Ar reporr *asimadelby -Mr. Instersollfu' *the Committee on Foreign Affairs,. jelgA tive to' a 'redneti6n of the' lhdiries- ef-'tit. Fousigfinisters. Astnearl~ sri jjk'W br, no aoubt, hopes-one da foi eti 'list.I hink a 'reduction'ofljaf ilJiif ' N sional Tempei-ance Mestig Idiea~Il Inathe Senate, a memorial was presstits ad by Mr Wright from the Chnrnbed o she called at the houses of adifferent. cler gymen and asked the favor, of their per forming funeral services for. her child just dead, and a present of five" dollars to ena ble her to make the necessary preparations for the melancholy ceremonies, she having been reduced to distressing poverty by the long sickness of her 'lost one.' These pro positions being assented to, a false direc tion would be left, and the lady depart. Her trick was finally discovered by'"two gentlemen in black" meeting -.each .other' in an obscure part of the city,-botilin search of the lady's abode. A mutual ex planation very suddenly relievedthe wor thy pastors of their sympathy. 11MISCELLANEOUS. Carrying Concealed Weapons.-We have omitted to mention that his Honor Judge Tracey, at the late term of the Su perior Court, sentenced to the Penitentia ry, George R. Thompson and Robt. Pres ton, the first for 8 and the latter for 5 years. The offences for which the prisoners were tried and conficted, were Assault and Bat tery. with intent to Murder. Our object in now adverting to the cir cumsrance is, to express-the gratification with which the remarks of the judge ac companying the sentence upon these un fortunate individuals; were received by the large assembly present. The strictures of the Judge, upon the baneful and unman ly habit of carrying concealed deadly wea pons, were exceedingly pertinent, and fe licitously expressed. He stigmetized the habit as a cowardly and detestable one. He renarked, that no honest, sober, brave man had any need orsuch weapons in any community, however barbarous and un civilized, much less here.- where he lives under the egis of the laws. The frequent occurrence of these crimes at the South, so much more common at the South than at the North, was attributable measurably to the sickly sympathies of Juries. and the want of firmness in the Courts. The state of society was depicted as most wretched and unsafe, when young men were in the daily habit of arming themselves with as much non chalance as they would put on an article of dress; every morning, whe .o they don their clothes, of buckling on a dirk knife; thus weakening that natural horrer of shedding blood, which proves the surest guaranty of mutual safety; familiar izing the weak but itnpetous young man with blood, creating in him -a mortid ap petite, preparing him to cut thzthroatof . his friend, on every little freak of temper, and polluting his conscience, and subject ing it to the annoyance of the worn"that never dies, the fire that is never quenched. Judge Tracy has no sympathy for the carriers of dirk knives and pistols-they must expect no forbearance at his hands. He looks upon them as nuisances to soci ety. as~mad dogs, who should be got rid of, or shut up. We repeat, that his remarks were to the point, and met with the concurrence and commendation of the large assembly pre sent. We exceedingly regret, that- they were delivered extemporaneously; they should have been written out, and publish ed for the benefit of this, and every other community, where this pernicious habit of carrying. concealed weapons prevails. Macon Messenger. NEw ORLEANs, Feb. 12. Destructive Confagration.-Great loss of Cotton.-Estimated loss $375,000. Yesterday afternoon, about four o'clock, two of the hands employed in the Orleans Cotton Press, discovered a fire in the room in t e second story of the centre front buil ding used as the "loose cotton room." One of them attempted to extitnguish it by threshing it with a stick, while the other ran for a bucket ef water, but tiTe fire ma king such quick progress, he was compel led to aba~don the room. The flames in a few minutes ascended to the cupalo and extenided tinder the roof to the adijining rooms. where a large number of bales of cotton were stowed which were almost en tirely ignmited. . In consequene of the im mense heat of such a mnss of cornbustible matter,and the length of time whieb elaps ed before tlie engines could possibly reach there. the fire commteticated through the walls to the upper centrawing, and exten ded on the front as far as the walf which divrides the front from the side buil'ding. Through the exertions of the fire dlepart ment the fire wvas confined to these limits, although the heat was at times so intense, as to almosbpreclude the using of the pipes witbin a serviceable dismince. The num ber ef bales of cotton consumed is'estimah ed at 8,5(i), viz. 4,5-50 in the wing, 1,300 in the mainabuildinmg,and 2,800 in the front. The loss af~ which estimated, at $40 per 'bale, would be 8340,000. Tfle damage done to the building could possibly here paired for $25,000, and the engine and Lwo strewsi for $1,000 mnore, makitig the total loss, as far de could h'j estimated by a rough calculation 8375,000, which we understand is fully covered by insuranice ; the cotton in this city, and the building in the offices in this city, in London and Paris. This building was considered the largest inthe world. It fronts up'on the Missiusippi and on Roffigniae and New Levee streets, and is 652 feet in front, hy-808 in breadth.. It was built by an incorporated company at a cost of8753,000;and is capable of storing thirty' thousand bales- jf- cotton, which' amont, wve. understandl, was yesterdaj morning u'der its reof." t-has 'been (gr some years leased to'Mbse'Freelandatdd Behan, ati the trate of 251000-per'antum. One of the engines and two of the s'erdws are uninjured, and can be immediately ptf in fon a ive pan.nin-rae.