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*" a% will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must fail, we will Perish amidst the Esius." -
VOLUMEII IX Edg idou'rt~ouse, S. t., Io 2 , X844. O S...
W. F. DURISOE, PROPRIETOR.
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MY NATIVE 11OME.
We find the following beautiful and spirited
a postrophe to the South in the " American
Museum," written by Alexander B. Sleek,
Esq. of TuscaloosaFAlabama.
Land of the South !-Imperial land!
How proud thy mountains rise,
How fair thy scenes on every hand;
How fair thy covered skies !
But not for this-oh, not for thee,
I love thy fields to roam
Thou hast a dearer spell to me,
Thou art my native home! .
Thy rivers roll their liquid wealth,
Unequalled to the seas
Thy hills and valleys bloom with health,
And green with verdure lie ;
But not for thy proud oceans streams,
Nor for thine azure dome
Sweet sunny South !-I cling to thee
Thou art my native home!
I've stood beneath Italia's clime,
Betoved of tale and sons
- On tielvyn's hills, proud and sublime',
Where Nature's wonders throng ;
By Tempe's classic sunlightstreams,
Where God's, of old, did roam
But ne'er found so fiar a land
As thou my native home !
And thou hast prouder glories too,
Than Nature ever gave
Peace sheds o'er thee, lief genial dew,
And freedom's pinions wave
Fair science flings her pearls around.
Religion lifts her dome,
These, these endear thee to my heart,
My owzr; loved native home !
And "heaven's best gift to man" is thine
God bless thy ros) girls !
Like sylvan flowers they sweetly shine
Their hearts as pure a pearls !
And grae and goodness circle them,
Where'er thy footsteps roam,
How can I then, whilst loving them,
Not love rmy native home!
Land of the South-imperial land !
Then here's a health to thee
Long as thy mountaiti barrier stand,
May'st thou be blessed and free!
* May dark dissention's banner ne'er
Wave o'er thy fertile loam
But should it come here's one will die
LTU save his native home.
Thmou'st waked me from a pleasant dream,
And with a single word hast still'd,
Of happy thoughts, the fairest stream,
That o'er through boyish fancy thrill'd ;
I dream-alas! I sleep-no more,
ilut with a phrenzied memory,
Otill destined idly to deplore,
,I turn in hoperes pain to thee.
J turn to thee, but turn in vain,
Thou hear'st me not-thou can'st not bear
Nor heed, the darling hope again,
Though idle, yet to me how dear;
Ah! could'st thou but one hour restore,
That hour would make me more than free,
Andyet,though dt.stined to deplore,
And cur-se the past, I curse not thee.
The following is an extract of an Apri
poem fronm the pen of Willis:
" Take ofrmy violets. I fotind themi where
The liquid south stole o'er them, on a hank
That leaned to running wvater. .There's to mi
A daintiness about these early flowers
That touches me like poetry. They blow
With such a simple loveliness, among
The common herde of pasture, and breathe
Oat their lives so unobtrusively, like hearts
'Whose beatings are too gentle for the world.
I love-to go in the capricious days
Of April, and hunt violets, when the rain
Is in the blue cups trembling, and they nod
So gracernly to he kisses of the wind.
Jmay be deemed too idle, but the young
end nature like the manuscript of [Heaven
From the Temperance A dvocate.
Is IT DISHONORABLE 'o BREAK THE
We should be ashamed to put the agvoe
interrogatory in print, were it not for cir
cumstances which have recently come- to
our knowledge. That it should be ques
tioned by any man of sense, whether or no
it is dishonorable 'o violate a pledge of
honor, is indeed strange.- The very ques
tion involves an absurdity in its terms;
yet, such is the perversity of public opin
ion, on the subject of the violation of the
Temperance Pledge, that manty are dis
posed to regard tld olfeuce as venial ; and
we are sorry to say we have heard of men
of standing and influence in the commun
ity, aye, even those who have held them
selves up to the public, as "burning and
shining lights" in the cause of Temper
ance, who have entirely disregarded the
sacred obligations imposed by the pledge
they have taken, by publicly drinking
wine. What is stranger still, these men
have not been denounced and disgraced as
they deserved, by that enlightened public
opinion, the intelligence of which we have
heard so much, but are still received and
acknowledged as gentlemen ! This either
argues a strange obliquity of moral feel
ing on the part of the public, or else that
there is something in the nature of the
obligation imposed by the pledge, very
diflerent from other obligations of honor.
But is it difierent? If so, in what does
-the difherenee consist ? Is it not a volun
tary obligation, deliberately entered into
by persons of "sound mind and memory,"
and capable of binding themselves by any
promise they may choose to make ? Is
it an improper obligation ? Is it contra
bonus mores ? Is it opposed to good gov
ernment or social happiness ? Surely not.
On the contrary, does it riot contributkto
promote all these ? Yes, must be the res
ponse of every candid man. Then,
wherein does it dil'r from other pledges
of honor ? Why is it, that it alone, tmay
he violated with impunity, whilst all oth
ers are regarded as sacred ? In the most
trivial matters among gentlemen. the
pledge of bonor is looked upon as one of
the most binding obligations that can lie
given or received, and any violation of it,
is regarded as entitling the guilty party to
the scorn and contempt of all honorable
men ; yet strange to say, the man who, in
his proper seuses, coolly and deliberately
violates a solemn promise, to the obser
vance of which lie has pledged his honor
as a gentleman, is still looked upon as
such.by many, because forsootlh it was only
a Teuterancc Pledge. We cannot under
stand this sort of morality. We canl never
subscribe to such a code of honor. If
these be gentlemen, then we not covet the
title. The gentleman whose notions of
morality, vary with the ever changing
current of popular opinion, whose ideas of
propriety, are regulated by the voice of
the mob, whose code of honor is one thing
in 1842. and another in 184-. is not the
sort of gentlenen for us. We are led to
these r,-lections, by having bieard it re
marked recently, that the Temperance
Pledge was very little regarded now, in
certain parts of the country, among the
higher classes of socidty, and that among
gentlemen it was no longer received as an
excuse, fur refusing to take wine. And can
it he true, that there is any respectable so
ciety inl this country, where one who has
disregarded the obligations of honor, is re
ceived as a gentleman ? We fear it is
but tob true: We are sorry to say we
have seen some evidences of the exisience
of such a feeling even here. But is this
right? Ought this state of thinigs -to be
tolerated 7 Is not the whole community,
s well as Tfemplerantce men, as others, in
serested in preserving a higher and more
c orrect tonte of moral feeling!? What may
i not lead to!? The man wh~o disregards
his obligation of honor in otne thing, may
do so in another, and the Temperatnce
man whlo deliberately and wilfully violates
the solemn pledge be huis taken, if public
opinion would tolerate it, might not hesi
tate to steal your watch or your purse.
Perhaps we ought to qualify this remark,
by excepting the poor' unfortunate drunk
ard, who htas become enislaved by the vile
habit, wvhose faculties are weakened, and
whose powers of re::istancee are im paired,
by a long course of dissipation. WVe can
readily conceive how such an one,with
every disposition to do right, may be led
astray, abd seduced by tile allurements
which the enemies of Temperance are so
ready to throw before him ; but that a matt
who has never conitracted the fatal habit,
who has full cotmmand of all his faculties,
whose position in society is such an one as
to cause him to be looked up) to as an ex
ample of virtue and propriety, that lhe,
merely for the sake of complying wvith a
foolish custom of saciety, should disregard
so sacred a promise-as that which he made,
when tie signed the Total Abs'inence
Pledge, is to us something passing strange;
we cani only aecotunt for it by the suppo
sition, that there is utter want of tmoral pler
ceptibility in the~ man. -Rest assured,
there is something wrong-in vulgar par
lance "a screw loose" somewhere, itn thie
moral constitut-ion of the man, who could
act thtus. We hnve thus far considered
this subject, merely as a questioin of honor:;
of the other obligation it imposes, we have
forborne to speak to-day. They may
form the subject of future remarks. We
alio propose in a futture number to throw~
out some suggestions as to the course te
he pursued biy Temperance metn and So
cieties on this subject, Our itmpre-ssion is
t-at thnere hah,,een tno little attention Dab
to it. If men can only be restrained by
the fear of public opinion, then it becomes
a matter of in nrtance, that public men
should be kepc right. Let no man be
trusted, who deliberately and wilfully
breaks his Pledge, without even the excuse
of the cravings of appetite, or the influ
ence of long habit. You have no security
that such a man, if an opportunity occurs,
will not pick your pocket, or cut your
From the Southern Cultivator.
In tendering our acknowledgements to
Mr. McKee, 'for an uccount of his last
years crop, with whieb we have been quite
interested, we desire to'of'er a few re
marks.in plowing in the preparation of
land for a crop, and as to the advantages
of topping cotton, and its propriety.
The experience of scientific and practi
cal men, attests most conclusively the ad
vantages of subsoil plowing in the prepar
ation of land for a crop, both as a preven
tive against the prejudicial influence of a
drouth, and an excess of rain. The rea
soning for this system of culture, is bated
upon the plainest prnciples of philosophy
and common sense, and is thoroughly sus
tained by actual results. Thesubsoil plow,
which %%e believe is scarcely, if at all, used
at the South, is constructed for breaking
the subsoil thoroughly, without mixing it
with the soil.
When thus prepared, the soil becomes
an absorbant of the extra quantity of water
that may fall, which it retains to be given
out by the process of evaporation whenever
the absence of rain shall, in the economy
of nature, render such evaporation neces
sary to the sustenance of vegetation. By
this process, then, the plant converts the
subsoil into a reservoir, which serves the
double purpose of withdrawing the excess
of water from vegetation in wet seasons,
and from which nature will drawher sup
plies to sustain vegetation during the exis
tence of a drouth. It is indeed a beautiful
theory. and one % hich we are quite aston
ished has not obtained to a greater extent
among Agriculturists. But the progress
in improvement is onward, and we hope
the day is not far distant, when the South
will boast as high a state of Agricultural
improvements as any section of the Union.
To do this, however, one of the first sub
jects which should engage the atteptiou of
planters, is, hot they can cultivate less land?
This is a very important question, upon
the successful solution of which, depends
the progress of improvement, because it
strikes at the root of the evil of which we
complaiu- The effort to cultivate a great
quantity of land, not only forbids, but pos
itively prevents, the thorough preparation
of land for the culture of a crop: and
hence, a system which is begun in iniper
fections is carried out, resulting in immne
diate lossto the cultivator himself, and
prejudicially to the general prosperity of
the country. It is because of this hurry
and confusion in the culture of so much
land, that our lands are so imperfectly
prepared : hence, few, if any, can obtain
their consent to make the experiment of
cultivating less land, and doing that in a
In our opinion, when the lard is thor
oughlybroken as we have suggested, with
thu subsoil plow, (which should be begun.
and, if possible, completed, prior to plant
ing; though the breaking between the
rows might, in an emergency, be-done af
ter planting,) the subsequent. culture. of
the crop should he almost exclusively a
mere surface dressing-which, while it
would ell'eetually eradicate thegrass and
weeds, should by no tneans disturb the la
teral roots of the crop. This surface-dres
sitng also serves, by levelling the land, to
diminish the exposure to the sun, and con
sequently lessens evaporation, which is a!
so very itmportat. Late ploughitng, par
ticularly if deep, we regard as a danger
ous experiment always, and rarely, or
never necessary, when the land. had been
properly prepared in the otstaof the crop.
It is true, as in the ease mentioned by Mr.
McKee, it sometimes succeeds well,ibe
cause the rain came at a proper period ;
but, in the absence of rain, we appydhend
no one will question that it would have
proved disastrous. Thme comparisotnthere
fore, between Mr. McKee's dropand his
neighbors, is, we think, not a just (or fair
one, for theirs wattted the proper prepar
ation of the land in the colmencement of
The subject is however replete with in
terest, and should engage theearnest con
sideration of Agriculturists at -the South,
where improvement'is so much needed ;
but as our limits will not permit usn to day,
to enter more fully upon the subject, wve
must pass to the contsideration of the pro
priety of topping cotton-upon whtich there
are,,we are well aware, very.oppostt
Without any opportunity of testing the
truth of our own views upon this subject,
by actual experiments, we incline to the
opinion that its pr-opriety should alwvayt
he determined in reference both to the
character of the land for richness, and alsc
to the 'season, whether it be wei or dry.
facts upon which the planter must deter.
mine at the time. In very rich lanids, oi
wet seasons, inhere the growtth is Very Io:
uriant, runtting "retty .tmueh into stalk,
withoutsendingout laternal binanches, we
regard topping as a very necessary pro
cess ; but on the other hand in poorer soili
and- a dry season, we think it do'abtfu
whether it is ever needed. Of the neces.
styof fthe proess therefore, the nlrncticn
planter will of course always determine
and in our opinion what might be very ad
vantageous in one season, evould be prej
udicial another, even in the same land
Upon both these subjects however, wi
should he much pleased to have the view,
of our friends, and hope they will not with
JASPER COUNTY, Ga., April 8, 1844
Mr. Editor:-1 submit to you a historj
of my crop last year, which I desire yot
to give a place in the Southern Cultiva
tor, if you think it worthy.
I cultivated 150 acres of land, all fresh
except 25 acres, which was worn, Thert
were ten hands employed in its cultiva
Lion. The mode of culture and the result
I will give you in detail, and are as fol
lows : I was so late in the commencement
of my crop, that 1 had only 8 acres broken
on the 18th of March, my object being to
manure as much as possible. I was com
.pelled, for want of time, to manure in the
drill as I planted, though but little was ap
plied to the corn. I planted my corn by
running furrows each way, three feet dis
tance, dropping two grains in a hill, and
covered by running tiwo furrows, one on
each side, with a very small plow, and
inmediately broke the land between the
rows. I then planted my cotton in drills
three feet distance In the drills I strewed
my manure, whichconsistod of killed cot
ton seed and manure from my lot. I
worked the corn and cotton successively
once in three weeks, with the plow and
hoe. The first and second working of my
cotton, I only run round the plant; but,
in chopping out, or thinning, I was care
ful not to chap so deep as to disturb the
manure. My last thinning, which follow
ed my second plowing, was done princi
pally by hand.
My corn received the last plowing and
hoeing about the middle and last of June,
when it was in theeshoot. This last plow
ing was more shallow than those preceed
ing, and more distant from the corn. After
ibis plowing, 1 had some dirt drawn to the
plaut to kill the young grass which had
escaped the plow.
The result of the corn crop was, a fine
crop of fodder, and 420 barrels of corn,
most of which was measured.
The cotton received its last working
about the 5th of August. I put no dirt to
the cotton, except to cover young grass,
and to replace the dirt which had been ta
ken away in reinoving the grass or weeds.
I topped all -ny cotton, except a small
part which was accidentally left, which
gave a striking demonstration that the
topping did no grod;.for that which was
left bowled equally as well as that which
The result of thel cotton crop was 48
bags, averaging 429 lbs-the weights of
which I have new before me.
There was about an equal portion of
land in cotton and corn-say from 70 to 75
There are two circumstances which I
wish to mention. They are these : Never
cease plowing in dry weather, and not to
risk thi-ck corn, if planted late. There
commenced a drought on the last of April,
which lasted six weeks; the unbroke
ground became hard ; even that which had
been broken was dry as ashes, and seemed
to threaten devastation to the famishing
corn. Many of my neighbors desisted, for
the two reasons, that they did not wish
their lands broken in clods, or the roots of
the corn broken while the ground was se
dry. Though being firm to my purpose,
I continued to plow as effectually as ry
feeble means. would permit: the conse
quence was, that when the rain came, il
found my ground well pulverized, ,and
clear of grass and weeds, and a most flour
ishing growth ensued. As regards the third
case, after I had planted all my crop; e*
cept six acres which lay im'mediately ad
joining the first planted. correponvding, i~
every respect, with the other land, the
omission or delay being on account of've
weather for the length of about twenty'
days; it wa's all treated alike as to work
and each grew alike well utntil the time o
earing, when there came a drought o
The older corn remained green, whil
the other fired some four or five blade
high. There was only four or five fee
distance tbetweetn the two plantings ; and
being alike in all other respects, excep
that some of the latter contained two stalki
to the hill, (though the principal pa'rta
my crop was thinned to one stalk,) I im
puted the prime cause of the firing t6d 'i
late plantitng. If the drought' hand contin
ned, It would have proved a failure; bui
as the -rain came in abnidance, it earei
Yours, &c. LE'VIS McKSE.
-.Bouchterics ntethod of hardening Wood
--Among other curious things ib. the an
nal report of the Patent Oflice,:is a Ion,
description translated from the Freach,c
the process discovered by M. B3oucheri
for impregntatiug wood with various'salin
solutions, both for the purpose of col~orinl
as well as preserving the wood. In thb
operation, the inventor has availed himss
of the capillary (or rather vascular) actir
of the living plant to carry liquids ini
every minute pore, and efects the impret
nation in a most rapid and thorough mai
ner. In the older processes the impregn:
tion was facilitated by various devices,
using the force pumpor atmospheric pre
sure ;-but in Mi. .Bollherie's method, m
ture is made to p.iuy a singular .part
cheated as it were-and the living plant
made to absorb chemical preparations i
s tead of its owvn sap. For instance:
large poplar tree, soon after it' was e
Inlwn, was nlacrd with its foot in a aol
i, tion'of the pyrolignite of iron; (the liquid
- selected by the inventor after seven years
- of experiment,) and in a short time the
. whole tree was penetrated with the solu.
s tion. The position of the tree, whether
s horizontal or vertical, is of no consequence
- as to its absorbing power; and the inven
tor, moreover, found that it was not ne
cessary to cut the tree down, but that, by
boring holes in the tree, and forming a
trough around these, the absorptioui im
mediately took place. Some singular facts
were also developed in his expertments.
He found that all kinds of trees refused
entirely to take up any vegetable solution,
while neutral metalic solutions were ab
sorbed with avidity. He found,.also, that
branches of trees, as soon as cut, begia to
absorb the air, and by a simple contrivance,
ascertained that a fresher cut branch will
absorb five times its own volume of air.
Among the results of this process are, first
-that the wood is preserved from decay
and the attacks from insects; that wood
may be prevented from shrinking ; that it
is rendered almost incombustible; and that
it may- be, with great facility, dyed to the
very heart in a perfect manner. A most
singular experiment was made, in which
dyeing was effected with the wood itself.
A magnificent blue wood was produced,
by causing a tree to absorb successively a
salt of iron and the prussiate of potash
the elements Prussian blue. Mll. Arago
exhibited to the Academy 6f Sciences a
column of pear tree wood, impregnated
with pyrolignite of iron, a. black and hard
as ebony,-N. Y. Evening Post.
Dutch Butter.-The Dutch Butter is
eelebrated for its excellance. The follow
ing is said to be the mode in which it is
After having milked their cows, the
Dutch leave thir milk to get cold, before
thef' put it into their pans. When placed
therein, they do not permit it to stand for
the cream to rise more than about four
hours. They then stir it together more
intimate to combine the milk and cream,
and continue thus to do at least two or
three times a day. If it be agitated in
this manner, as occasionally happeus, till
the whole be quite thick, the butter thus
obtained is the mere highly esteemed. As
soon as it requires the usual consistency, it
is churned commonly about an hour, till
the.butter begins to form; cold water is
then added,- proportioned to the quantity
of milk, for the purpose of facilitating the
the separation of the butter-milk. The
butter being properly conic, it is taken
rom the churn, and repeadtedly washed,
and kneaded in fresh water, till the butter
milk is all expressed, and it no longer re
tains any tinge of white. By this simple
mode, not only far more butter is obtained
from the same quantity of milk, than in
any other way; but the butter itself is
firmer, sweeter, and continues longer fresh
than the generality of butter; while the
buttermilk is infinitely more agreeable to
the palate.-Boston Mer. Journal.
Table Butter.-Cist's Advertiser has ar.
article'in relation: to butter, both novel an.,
new-and in large daries we should sttlp
pose it might be a successful method. Th.
want of good butter is a-grievance we al'
feel, and we shall rejoice if any remed
can be introduced by which we may bi
enabled to have that luxury in a perfec
- state at all seasons of the year. Mr. Cis
' My remedy would be to take butter i.
May or June, when it is in the higher'
state of perfection, and subject it to t-o
same process which lard goes through is
the manufacture of oil. We all know that
lard divested of elaine can be kept fresh
and sweet any needed length of time.
Both the lard and oil are improved in tht'
process'of separating one from the other.
If butter be subjected tn hydraulic pres
sure, we shall then be able to expel frota,
the mass the oil which renders it rancid.
and the buttermilk wihcorrupts it : and
there is no reason why the butter, who,,
r originally fresh and good, should not al
r ways femnain so.
" Hash for Dinner."-A few wveek'
ago, a wealthy family in Philadeclphiu.
(says the T'imes) having hired a cook who:
had been highly recommodnded to them..
tshe wans ordered one day to'prepare among
Sothter things a 'hash' for dinner. The hash
f came1, and it wvas charming; all eagerly
.partaking of it uniil the dish was scraped
out. So popular after this did the hqshe,
.of' the new cook becoms, that it was noth
,ing but hash every day. .it last the poor
y cook, brtnginrg in a large dish oif it, the
perspiraiton-pouring down her-face, which
was as9 rgd as coal on fire, she he it dowen.
and turning to her mistress and' drawitng
.herself up. said-- ..-.
'Madlam, f strikes !'
'Strikes! why, what is the tratter Bet
f ty ?'
e'Cause ma'am, I can't give you hash
e every dlay - and forever-me jaws is all
bi'oke down, atnd me teeth is all wore out,
s cherving it up for ye's!'
n Grapes.-Texas ts said to be one of the
.o finest grape growing country in the world
- We see it stated, that a gentleman of Cin.
t- ctnatt received lately 500 cuitings of the
t- Port Oak Grape of Texas-& purple grape
n of fair size free from pulp, and of excelletnt
m- fl'avor, either' as fruit or for making wvine.
s- They came from 1i. Perkins, at Houstotn
is, who has a vineyafrd containtg 10,000
is rooted vines. They have a splendid wyhite
I- grape whichibounds at the base of thehill
a betwveen San Antonio and Austin, which
t has large berries of a delicious flavor, free
n- from nunin with a n skin, thebrancaheht
large, scarce 14 inches in length.-Specta
From the Hambwgg ournaL
My Dear Sit.-Since you have taken a
peep from behind the. press, and-nothav
ing the fear of the "printer's devil"before,
your eyes, we will endeavdr to humor
yout propensitei for asking qestions' et
cetera, although' we do not know of what
sex you belong to.
Our reasons for- d knowledge of youk
name, are cogent. ani powerful, not-that
we demand it is a dernier resort-not.that
we love Caesar lees, bui our pride more
Assuming the plain, tiough high respon
sibility, you profess, you should know, that
inquisitive and 'peevish corespondents;
can make a Judy of, ai ieditor, provided.
the said editor is slIf 'e.nough to :biteat
every bait thrown out. You perhaps havd
read the story of the man that the dog
barked at? If not, the first litte rat
catcher that annoys you in the street,juso
kick at the creatue, and it will dodge and
bark ; and make a fuss generally,- and e'
you cannot place either of your under
standings on its bac; ridor give a sound'
poke in the ribs, though :one aalf .of 'the
village folks were laugbinf at your "pre
jicament. In such a situation we soight
be placed, especially when every Carolin'
locofoco feels at libetty to poke his nose in
)ur way. -
You have, however, given us a hope of
consolation, by stating, last week, thia
you "are a constant reader of the Jour
nal." If so, you must be one of our pat
rons at Edgefield, among all of whom, wee
recognize a list of intelligent and worthy
friends, as well as true-hearted Caroli
niaus, either of whom ieohave no objec
tion of telling all we snow in asthort time,
respecting Clay, or any one else of the
big politicians.. , But, on the other land,
if you are "a constant reade,':as you
say, and not a subscriber, you will please
fork over some ten dollars for value re-i
ceived, before we ack'na'wledge a relation- .
You'will be so kind as' not to be quite
so fast in questions. We have a few ques
tions to propound to your noble self before
we proceed any farther. We wish (o haye .
one end of the string too, and:i' we can
not pull as hard, we will out grin you.
We wish to know if Mr. Calhoun has'
any thing to do with the present Texas:
speculation, or if he holds any land script
in that country?
Do the locofocos possess - any princi :
ies ? If yea; be so good as to state thsmt_
Is there a difference between democracy
and locofocoism ? And does SouitkCaro 'i
liua profess either?
Did Clay and Van Buren vote or .he
Tariff of 1842? or either of them ?
Will there be a "grease spot" left of
locofocoib'tn in South Caiolina on th. 4th
'lay of next March?
Is not the preseut excitement of annex
:tion got up for the beneGt of holders o
Texas land script and financial matters..
mu that country . ,
D)id not .Mr. Calh'oun voie for the pro-.
Aetion of our sugar growers; also for a~ >
U. States -Bank ?. If yea, by what ule;>pt
.:an.an tuellangeable politician throw aside' -
ipinions when convinced of error?
By what process do;the "dear people"
make a pot-o; soup with a stone ?
Should all i-nportant elections go before
the people ? If yea, why should a few
I fading mer'in the legislature control the
vote of the State?
Is the agr'culture of this State impro
"ing, or on the decrease ?. Please state a
-emedy for emijration,-and the-best em
p'oyment for those wrho have nothidg..to~
-10, - -.
Why should Souith.3Card~liga votefo
John Tyffr, as bd' has tutud' a jdliticai
somerset, so bold, ihat the Whigs will niot
have liim ; the Demkocrats' turn iip: the
whites of their eyes at him,'and the loco.
cos-a, a last resc ri take- hidi' fdr a
hang their fortunes ont?
Whatis the antidote for bottr in hor
-If a coal of fir will Eause a urtle to
!rawl. bow many cobswih it takse-togive
Lhe Vanit'es the dry gripes ?
Is sof this a' great countrj? And are'
niot E'dgefi'eid, A bbeville end Charleston'
mighty, places, giving tone to the whole
State ? .
Should Edgefield Isdivid'ed towoo
t'bre diiitriets .
'Are not the ,majoritf of~li ,hQed p' of
this Stnte Clay-Whigsf ?K nay a e.thd
facts ? - * - -''~ * - -td
What' hai aiod hdG t
tachmentt ofrlheorodo lirincipds;fabd where
are their beacon: lights: of- democracy?
*Will thei'r Ihobb, "ANNrEx&Tra oi TEE.
AS," safe thsm tioth'ainliind. -
Are ltustlda: iondttUtionat? If so,di -
they need jotctiof, s'nd to what: extent ?
An apt Illustration.-The pblished ac
count of the proceedings ofthe "Whig'ret
ification meeting at New '.'on theth~'
inst. has the followi$ lia. ph.
"Mir. Spark's of Louisiana, made'seme
pleasant remarks, which h'e concluded
with a euloginm on thecdharanterand prin'
ciples or Henry Clay and Frelinghluyseti:
the Whig party liave a Moses antan.Aron
and that they'areinoteo n'thewamit oi~
gaht looking ovter into Canoarsn here one
4eff'ort more w.ould assuredly hring them in
to-the land of promise. [Grit:Chee'h~
Mr. Sparks has omitted bemhieniti' ,it
part of the illuistraitibi.thit'Mobis never
reached the promilled lian'd. Hld was only
,permiuta to "lonk:oner inrto Cataat'"