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clWe ing ieg to t th fe Tmple of our Lberties, and if it must fal t see 1il1 perish amidst the frains.
VO-M t E'ginPerhu.tidonseh8.ui.,."oebe,
W . DRISOEPROPRIETOR.
Two DoLLtis and Firr CENTS, per annum,
ifpsid itiadvance -$3 if not paid within six
montirim th'e date of subscription, and
Sifnot "aid before the expiration of the
y ear:A subscriptions 'will be continued,
7ant'ess'otherwiss ordered before the expira
tion .f the year; but no paper will be discon
ued'nutil allarrearages are paid, unless atthe
optioi'6f tie Publisher.
An person' procuring five responsible Sub
scribersshall receive the paper for one year,
ADVEtmSENENS conspicuously inerted at62ij
cents per square,"(12 lines, or lea.,) for the
first insertion, and 43$ for each contmnuance
Those published monthly, or quarterly, will
be chargd $1 per square. Advertisements
not having the number af insertions marked
on them, wilt be continued until ordered out,
and charged accoilingly.
All communicationi,'ost paid,will bi prompt
ly and strictly4ttendedto.
MERCHANT TAILOR SHOP,
T HE Subscriber has just received from
New York his FALL SUPPLY. OF
MERCRAT TAILOR'S'GOODS, consist
ing in partif
Sup; Shp' Wool Dyed Black Cloth,
. ..... Brown "
..... .- . Striped -
Checkend-a lain Tweeds Cloth for Sacks,
Checked SilkVelvet Vestings, -
Striped Woollen -
Sup. Sup. Black Satin,
. Velvet, "
- Buck Gloves,
- .: ' Woollen
Black and Figured Scarfs and Cravats.
Suspenders;Stocks, Collars and Hats,&c
All of which he offers for sale at reasonable
prices, and begs those wishing to buy Clothing
touive him ai call.
'he is prepared to make Clothing up in the
latest style and in the best manner, and flatters
himself that by his long experience in business
he will be able to please those who may favor
him with their patronage.
Oct. 2 tf -36
CREAP CASM STORE:
AT EDGEFIELD C. H..
(Opps'e te anter's HoteL)
To allwho- look to, thir own. interest, and.
bear in mind that a penny saed is a penny
AVING ieceived and are still receiving a
splendid assortmentof Fall and Wit.
t-Goods,: which we will sell at a small
advance, for~CAsu, we hope that our friends
and the public in general will give us a call
aundexamine for ther.selves, and they will allow
that our establishment has justly merited the
appellation of the -Cheap Cash Store!'f
The following are aifew of the articles, vig .
10.4,Satin 'Shawls, at 8 00, worth $15
104 'Thibet," "2 50, worth $5
10.4 Damacins "2 00, worth $4
For Ladies'Dresses. -
Cashmeres, Popplines, Muslins de Laitft.
Allpacka's, Mernoes, French, -English and
American Prints, from 6 upwards.
Black, Slate and White Hoseties, from 2j,
cents a r, upwards.
Ladies an Children's Mitts, frorn6 cents
Also, a large assortment of Gentlemen's Cloth
ing, consisting of -
banket Coats, frock and Over Coats, Pats,
Vests, Caps. HaL,and Negro Cloting, J
at Charleston Prices.
Domestics, Shoes, Hardware# Ctockery, Sad.
dlery, Groceries Medicines, Tin-Wares and
many otlifr articles too numerous to mentidui.
We assure our customers and. the public, to
whom we are thankful for past patronagethat
we will always dndeavor to sell at the laieist
prices,and continuanace of their patronge is
JCOUN & CO.
Freshl'Fia& Winter Godds.
T HE ;Subscriberudg leave to annoancio
r totheir customers and die publicegen
'erallyr~that they have just received from Neto
Yorky their stock oi
,FALL -AND 'WINTER GOODS,-.
-emb racing almost every variety of-Faang and
.tple GOOds, usunallykept ,in our snarket,
amongst'them agostock of
Kerseys!r 'Blankets, .legro Shoes, Hats,
Caps and Saddlery Hardweand
Cutlery, Ci kerg,,Mj.e4~,
they invite die attention'or tlie piblic~~~al
so call and examine their stoek,.and t1y~i
T FALL1and WINTR Sakof Goods;
.bought in New York at'iheletes~ic~ofthe
season, andshe-now offess thenm to his friends
and the community'ia geeeral, on such terdms
.as-wilt not faillto please the most eareful ad
tw . S. F. GOODE.
i"Ai Persons iindebted to Goode & Lyon,
or to 8..F..Gooijp gretious .to the first of Jan
uary,13844,;aw'earoety requested to call and
settle tithoufidelay.' 8. F. G.
tetId,184d ' if 36
Oeek at this '!ot
APLersons indebted' adth i Subsenb~er,
eihrby Note or 'Aecouatia:#Ebjereby
earnestly requested tocease forward amd'a
up as longer ,1ndiggence will not began..
All'those who doozvitlenlesft4
notice previously to b~1 d fXniy
1845, mayr expect to hiivsWj ' st3hJL
indhezitnanately, put the"dof mffboM
and Aconts in the :handsofaan Attoreyiin
the.FOeeallpqqrroithe United States, to col
lectuhe saned rAod ,to, the-MIueisulsafi
New Fall and Winter Goods.
THE Subscribers have received their new
'T tock of
FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
I embracing a general assortment of desirable
and handsome Staple and Fancy Goods, suited
to ihe season.
Groceries. Hats, Shoes, Hardware, Saddlery,
School Books and Stationery,
all of which they will sell on accommodating
G. L. & E. PENN.
Oct. 9, if 37
HE Subscribers are now receiving and
opening at their Store, a large assort
mentIoPDRY GOODS, of the latest an.. most
SHOES,. HATS AND CAPS,
HARDWARE, CROCERT, SADDLERY. &c., &C.
to which they respectfully invite the attention
of the community .
Give us a oall, for we got our Goods to sell.
BLAND & BUTLER.
Oct.2 t 3 36
VpHE Subscribers have formed a Copartner
I ship, qttnder the firm of KENRICK &
THAYER$ or the transaction, of a GExERAr.
GaocznY Bussisas. at the old stand occupied
by H. A. Kendrick, nearly opposite J. 0. B.
Ford. H. A. KENRICK.
H B. THAYER.
The undersigned avails himself of this occa
sion, to return his thanks to his friends and
customers. for the liberal patronage heretofore
enjoyed by him, and trusts the same will be ex
tended to the new concern.
- H. A. KENRICK.
Oct. 23, 1844. 3t 39
- BEVERLY X1. ROGERS,
AS again located himself in this place,
.for the purpose of transacting a
GENERAL GROCERY BUSINESS.
He begs leave to inform his old customers and
tie public generally. that he is now opening,
in the Store formerly occupied by H. L. JEF
FERs & Co., a large and well selected stock of
GOODS, which ie will sell on the most rea
B. M. R is prepared to make liberal advan.
ces on Cotton shipped to his friends in Char
leston or Savannah.
Hamburg, Oct. 2 (Rep.) 4t 37
State of South Carolina.
John W. fenrst, VS. Bill for
Patrick C. McOwen, Partition.
Y virtue of an order of the Court of
1 Equity. I wfill sell, at Edgefield Court
House. on the First Monday in December
next, the following tracts of land, as part of the
real estate of the late Col. John Hearst, on a
credit, (except the costs, which will be required
in cash,) of one and two yeaas, the purchasers
giving bond and security, and a mortgage of
the premises, viz:
1. Tract No.4, taled tie kange t'rat, sit.
unte a part in Edgefield, and a part in Abbeville
District, containing sit hundred (600) acres,
more or less,.adjoaning lands of Daniel New
Edward Atebeson, Goorge Henderson, and
2. The foore Old Field Tract, situate in
Edgefeki District, containing about one hun.
dred (100) acres, more or less, adjoining lands
of V. H. Mantz, A. T. Traylor, Datid Rush,
3. The Jordan Tract, situate in Edgefield
District, containing one hundred (100) acres
more or less, adjoining lands of Nathan San
ders, George Garner, C. Wethington, and oth
4. A. Tract situate in Edgefieid District,
near die Steam: Sa# Mill, containing about
eighyj8)deesrttore or less.
Wrhis ast mentioned tract will be more par
ticularlT described on the day of sale.
H. A. JONES. C. K. A. D.
Comisesiorc's Office, Oct.28 5t 40
State of South Carolina.
,w~fand thers, Bill for Par
- -itions anid Ac
John Roche count.
thlomew . Adatns/'John Tompkins of
Tannese.hadhis~ife 8usan,"John: Gibson,
Jame Atchuioriaod hIs teil Sarah, Ophelia
Bar ir,'W5lamn~dams, Jamies Adams, Thos.
.Adams,Jeremiah~ Darnet aidi his wife Julia,
JamesBt r*hwy Stalswerth,-Prk
Stallswa orth. a~sn~alwtm Nicholas
Stiso h.adancy, iSworth,.Defend
-' wtiite limitsof this
Soli6 .~s1 t~ abiove uamed
defendants d1 itr sdemnur to the
corplananths b) ~ n~liniswithinthree
moarl m kwuepcarnhereof, or the
C. E. E. D.
~ the. Estate of D
dmads ,'MiEthse hvin
acde qo :dj present thema
A~~ ~rs. e Mss, eea~
- to -preisent their ascotinw1utie
- indebtedto the
PENFIELD, GRaEN Co., GA.,
July 8, 1844.
To the Hon. G. M. Taour:
Dear Sir-As State Rights men who
have ever looked up to you as a politician
of stern integrity not to the glory of Casar,
but the wt elfare of Rome, and who ever
regarded 'you as the fair exponent of our
creed-now that new issues are being
made-now when the Northern Whigs are
congratulating the South for having "ac
knoteledged and agreed to thie great doc.,
trine ofprotection to the labor of the country
is a political axiom cf the highest impor
tance"-now that Congressmen from the
South have for the first time openly ad
vocated and supported the protective poli
cy, and now hope that the people will
sustain them in this momentous change.
Believing that you never swerved to the
right or left of sound Republican principles
-that after having stood at the helm of
State at a time that tried man's souls;
warding off with the sovereign arm of
Georgia the combined shafts of federalism
that were aiming to crush the liberties of
the country by destroying State distic
ions and consolidating all power in the
G3eneral Government-that now in yodr
retirement nothing could induce you to
ralter or recede from your long cherished
opinions, we call upon you who yet regard
ibe doctrines of our party in '33, which
were practically enforced by yourselfin '25,
a the only guarantees to constitutional
liberty, and respectfully ask your views
apon the following questions.
1st. Is not the tariff of '42 a faithless
violation of the compromise act of'33, un
constitutional, unequal in its operations in
taxing the many for the benefit of the few
and prejudicial to Southern rights and
2d. Are those Representatives of Geor
gia who have advocated and voted for the
continuation of the tariff of 1W2, worthy
of the support of Republican State Rights
3d.What policy should State Rights men
of the South putsue in our present difficult
Respectfully, your obedient servants,
B. E. SIENCER..
E. C. LAWR ENCE.
VALDOSTA, ILAUIENS COUNTY,
Sept. 6, 1844.
Gentlemen-Nothing has postponed an
answer to your late letter but the belief of
the w6rthiessness of my opinions, of whith
you ask my expression-I give them 6
you now, because I have, though very re
luctantly, giveo them to others.
My own judgment has brought mejo
the conclusion, not to be easily shakten
that if my opinions had been of any, the
east value, the people of Georgia would
never have exchanged their Republican
principles tor the Old Essex-Junto Feder
slism !as inconsistent with those principles
as with their rights, fiberties, and interests
of every kind.
1st. On the subject of matinufactures, my
reading of the Constitution fron its con
text. has been this:-Congress shAll have
power to regulate commerce, but Congress
shall have no power to interferein any
msnnet *hatsoever, with any other in
lusify. either agrlcttlittal de tiarftvtii
ing, exceptitdg in . gfadtidg di limited
imes to authors and inventors the exclu
iive right to their respective writings and
:iscoveries. The power to regulate. com
iterce is not an absolute power-it is lin
Ited t- the comuerce with foreiga natious
Get w~ef the Etates, adid *iil the indian
tribes-a power over the commterce be
tween individuals is not given, ad is, of
course, prohibited. The power to en :
:ourage them in any manner it pleases,
but is limnited in the, particulars of mode and
time, " by securing for .limited times to
authors and inventoris the exclusive right
to their tespectie ejriings and djef
cries." liaving thus carefully prescribed
limhastions' to limnited powers over indus
try, 'how it' is. conceivable that the Con
vention intended to give absolutie and un
limited power over all industry, or that if it
intended to give absolute power over man
tifacturing industry, or that it intended that
such powrers, being merely incidectal to
tome other powers, would be fairly dedu
ible by construction or impliestion'1t
SNow, .gentlemen, I contend .for this
reading of the Constitution, becauseITitn
slst that no covnto ever held, or widen
ever can be hotden. would giveio' liit
ed government ant absolute power over the
industry of the country-. poer tre or
largest of any tbet can be graniid.Catjid
which, on that accoutrt, would bliea aided
with the greatektTjelodisv, -andi rsiif.
Would yonr restraint the power oveserpeoch
-over conscene-over the press-.and
Set give an unlimited pirwer over theblajids
Comnpose "a conveirtion as youi willun.
less -It be.. made .pnoleves 'infbs,
that convention uord~i~ii bs!a
majority of Congress sh~lsikMith'e
power to 'tax -tIhe whole fomforthe'
beneft-or alpart.s It wotuld acseegins
that agricultur, and commnerddiing sdr
ordinate in 'interest toiniinufiitueulithie
two firstebhould be-taxedfibrthe support of
the s.%4Ili agres thatithe
ti as. radbepower of taxation for
riqpon figaed~ uerg it wotuldibe
nessty wroeg-agegard tbepmvwrftat.
tron for suppoartefindustry. 2For'it
wilbbe~seen thatrto sar'aby-branch of'in:
rdnstry lar the Snnnort nf aven, o~k.
branch of industry, is the same thing 8s
giving no support to any, or rather a great
deal -worse; for the money of A is taken
from the pocket of A to support the indus
try of B. and the money from the pocket
of -B to support-the industry of A. Both
A and H will say this is folishness,-bet
ter let us keep our money to encourage
each his own industry, because, Isi, you
give us the trouble of putting our hands in
our pockets so oflen for nothing, and, sec
ondly, because we have to pay the tax
collector, who has nd industry of his own
for receiving money from one and paying
it over to the other. Do you believe it
possible, I mean, for any convention to
grant a power to Congress to tax the whole
country at pleasure for the support of New
England manufacturers 1 You know this
would be done, and yet you know tnis is
the very thing that is done. A State has
the power to lay taxes to encourage indus
try--why? because a State has all power
nor probibited. But what State has exer
cised the po*erof levying taxes ta:e
courage niaufactures? States haveigran
ed charters incorporation fur this purpose,
but have in a spirit tfjustice, granted them
equally to all who, under like circum
stances, applied fot them. The parlia
ment of England possesses the unlimited
power to encourage industry, hedause it
prssesses all power without limitation;
and how has it exercised this power? By
taxing all industry for the support. of each
-each for the support of all? Englatid
like the States, acts in a spirit of impartial
justice. If she taxes A for the honefit of B,
she equally taxes B for the support of A.
So that there every body is taxed-it is
not for manufactured only, but for every
kind of industry; for you know she has her
corn laws but in all this, England, although
she he unwise, is impartial, just,, and
equitable. She never refuses to B the
measure conceded to A. But would you
take England for a model, and give to
Congress the unlimited power over human
industry whic belongs to the British Par.
fiament? I see nothing to be gained by
following this example. I think I see a
great deal to be saved by avoiding it. The
taxation' of every thing, under this system,
in England, which their statesmen would
lie glad to get rid of, is so great, that the
prices of :hings that make up the neces
saries, and comforts, and luxuries of life,
rise in proportion and make her the dutr
est, when otherwise she would have been
the cheapest country in Europe. Th
consequeneekis, that when a rich man there
happens to fill into poverty he Oeci to the
continent, where the taxes being lower, he
lives cheaper, and hascomparative com
fort and enjoyment.
I make these statements, gentlemen, to
show what your own Congress is doing
under a limited constitution, having but a
very partial and limited power over hu
.man industry, and what England is Jroing
with an absolute and unlimited power over
the same object. The one is unjustly and
oppressively taxing one portion of the
country for the benefit of another, the
other is taxing, however foolishly, yet cer
inly more fairly, all for the benefit of all.
If Congress has pb*er over manufac
turing, it has equal power over commer
cial and agricultural industry, and if it has
a power over taxa)ion to support and cher
ish the one, it has an equal power of taxa
tion is not confimed to duties on hnported
goods. It must comprehend every des
cription of taxa-ion direct and indirect.
Surely it will not be said that Congress
has an especial power to encourage man
ufacturing industry, Itirt of encouraging it
by indirctt tates atone. The genius of
lrotedtion has not adventured to much.
Now let us see, gentlemen, wvhat would
lie thre reguftof a direct system of taxation.
We have a poor farmer, who, with cotton
at 6 cents, is scarcely able to buy a second
shirt to his back. The tax collector comes
and asks a return upon oath of all the tax
a'ble article lhe has consumed, cot too bag
ging, salt, sugar, iron, molasses, &e. The
farmer says he has never yet paid for the
encouragement of the industryof the man
ufacturer in making them, and for this lie.
must pay according to law, if it cost him
the bed of his wife and children. But
have yen brought nothingin return, re
joins the farmer, for the encouragement of
*my industry ? My'industry is as 'vatua
-ble as their's. If thre tat man says tio, tile
famrseyes are at once opdned- to: the
bejpties of the American system. -The
illusions of party are dispelled.. He sees
for the first tine clearly that he'is payimrs
try the sweat of his ifrote to stupport people
tNMassachusetts and -Ohioa lthott get
ting anything .in retuftugand that if he does
getrany thing in retUrn, 'it is the merest
foolisbem-he is pirging sti much to -en
courage the labor ofr B-and AB-is paying.
just as much to encoturage- his-labor, aid
that both of those have to paf the tax
deallectore w bo does :otiui4 itt collect
from A andF *, to pay ;over to C-and I),
and from C and:D,' to pity oer to 'A and
B. But:if the tax man sayshehas brought
nothitig this is the lawdrtbeIfrmer sees
for' the-first timO that .st*:hainjustfee anti
oppression are insupportabl-4hat it is as
much as-he-can support-. his town famnilyl
anid thatIhe must.. be broketlidown 'if he
isob~ged lid contribute tbo atre sufpport of
families in Massacbusets and:hiy, about
whom he knows or cares adoshing.: It wilt
he wakt. for the sprotectionistadutitell him
thea commoditiev are cheapened - by the
aee be tiRl see aid feel *hatathe tariff
tax or duty, wbothef it he amiuector indi
tees tax,:is a grievisnce, agr'eat grievancre,
adthatt anyrita~ fine heieid for' thsihet
cessaryapUrpotEs di ouverUmeii,f, nf be
uconstitutional in te degree that it Is un
jt5t and oppressive. So long as this poor
man is connected with party, and the tax
is indirect, lie can be made. to believe,
either that nobody pays it, :or that it falls.
on the shoulders of the importer. A like.
kind of dialogue happens, gentlemen.
whenever a tariffsystem is to be patc6bd
up in Congress, the process is called "L4g
Rolling," if you help me,.1 %ill h yl~jou.
The man of Boston, says to themnnao of
Lousisfana, if you vote fihty pe ent
for iny cotton cloth, I winvote fity.per
cent for your sugar-ygeedsays the
other; but the cotton 'fantbt must bae
a word. What wiiie give me f'oi
my industry? Whj will give you
flifty per cent -likeis'e. If the cotton
planter is ninny!d' says agreed, and
gives his vote ztdanioIgly fI he~ hap.
pens to be as cuilnigias the dther. he says
no gentlemen, unless you cati pay me. t
some other waye ivote against you. -You
will certainlyi gt~ yoni 50 percent, in gbod
-sterling moneybecause a rreat. deal of
-otton dloth, and a great deal of sugar
ill be imported aed' of coutse a great
deal of duty paid; I will get niothinig but
paper and moonshi., because ther will
be no cotton imported, and of coutse-no
duty paid.. This isprecisely the relation
in which practically these parties stand. to
each other- now. If the governrent
iutend the Bostn tfiantifactuter,' and the
Louisiana sugar planiir to have in good
faith the full benefit of the 50 per cent,
duty, it must take care if they do not get
it one way they shall get another-in the
ordinary course of things-they can only
get it by enhitanced'price of cotton cloth,
and sugar. the consequence of the duty
if as the protectionists contend there is no
enhancement of price; then the cloth-mau
and the sugar-man receive no benefit. If
as they further contend that so; from
enhacement their is reduc'ioi o price,
then the manufacturer and rroducer a
tain loss instead of hecefit, and lose in pro
portion to the redaction of price. What
is then the ob'vious duty add indispensible
obligation of govetniddnt 1 Certainly to
siake good the benefit of the 50 per cent,
i d some other way-the only other way
ldft IN to ptovide that from the duties on
.sugar and cotton cloth there shall first be
paid id the Massachtisetts and Louisiada
rmen, the full amount of 50 per cent on the
value of the yard of cloth4 and a pound of
sugar produced by them-but if the duties
aforesaid should prove insufficient for this
purpose then the deficiency to he made
good frorn any other monies in the Trea
sury not otherwise appropriated. Now
here would be a blow up. Here for the
first time the cotton planter would come in
for his 50.pef ceni,, dud here, for the first
time in the practical operation of the sys
tem, would there be the slightest mani
festation of equality or justice. But at
the very moment ef this m:tnifestation the
manufacturer seeing that he must contri
bute to the treasury to enable the govern
mefitJ8 pay the cotton planter 5U per
cent, on the value of every pound of cotton
he makes, he is the first zo withdraw from
the American system.
Thus it is, gentlemen. that this protee
tive policy is such a mniserable and wretch
ed business; that whatever mode you re
sort to carry it into emIect with any seeming
regard to equality, is so fraught with in
justiceoadd frequently with f(lly and ab
srdity that it requires the passiveness of a
Russian slave to hear with it. Different
from this is a tariff of low duties for reve
nue only. Whatever may be the degree
of inOqulity and injustice inseparable
fronr it. is exempt frorff that severity of
oppression which is sure to be followed
by compliant and discontent. It creates
competition without giving uionopoly-itr
festrains importation to the extent of ailbr
ding ntode'rame profits, and sufficeiently re
wards industry without building up large
factories. In One, as its hardships are not
worth complaining about, there is no conm
plaint. In some itnstances, the State have
had recourse to premi'ums and bouIIfies to
encourage particular manufactures in their'
incipient stages. Whenever any of them
shall adopt the system on a large scale;
whether they do it wisely or unwisely, the
people seeing and kowing exactly what
they pay, and having taxed themselves
with their eyes open, and will have no right
Whren tihe decnstitutiou granted the pow
to ray duties it was not for protection of
atnufactures, or it would have :said so
'but "topay the debts and provide for the'
common defence. and general welfare."'
If the powver to protect manufactures is
is derivable from the general welfare, sois.
any other conceivable power. not express
tif prohibited. Whoa fuve constitution
*gave this power it well knew that Con
:gress could . never lay duties on imports
withiout interfering unjustly with the iti
dustry of the coumtry.. Nomatter how
the duties, they wold operate to . the en
couragemnent of q5~6eijerigition of':the.in
dustry iat the epress of another, anid how
ever ,great izidsnyvhave considered . this
ewili power as. myortant and necessny.
to be amitted. .Tiey~ regarded the silence
on the subject of'tmanuracturersas in ex
press prohibition to-m inteifeith it at all,
atrd tirat stric't reyinuearll dould .never
to any great degree, 'prejudice the' general
industry of the 'country if it:accidetialy
promoted.piti uar kindvf:'.it. tintie it
was that tfirst taiffejere low, although,
the warns of the goverpgsnt. were. gregtJ
and eceit sthaighmanufatuors
;were mieInt and3'e tbank'fulI fe ihe
lowest ofdties. " ~otuntil the yar'
'N we foughtoao ta the.'olajE:ro
pesn system of restratsrohibitions and
high duties. at a tiie n til retants
and prohibdi :
becomingi w inal
a pY~ilingid ~itfthag j~plD p
ofposi'toProteeion are oposei lb -
6fractuies.''Thbers ntaildg i Mainsi.
For' m j~sei,mI 'slsa'ws, afill'Z"~k
fiend to dauitieilbf"'eb hit " I
tion di iten i 6Ye<6ch'of i
out which we can shave eithepf;oiodlo
raimedi, or -shelter.'; and. to the, ibsurdily
of making two,:or if yotIease~'sW slit
of them pay for the.encauragueltt ofNil
The republican pairybPodtledlipeitd
decidedly to the proteetieptiheiple, were
in the practice of' wearirig homespun'to
the exclusion of foreign dIlodais the bet
encnbtagethebtsthat tould be.giten. The
10 per et.lduty of ibe original :'arifs e(.
reetni1lly.established' the H at, l.oot' and
Shoes, Saddle. and othe' "factories; wiih
out Congress having- designed any' thing
bitt arevenue-itariffs. -Now-,'thing 1will
suffice the roanufacturei- sbort of':40 and
50 per cent. dad these upob atticles froti
which the soutliern'planteretan:by no'pos.
sible means 'escdpe-1roftf'Salt 'Cotton
Bagging, Sugar, Bolasses .Winter'and
Summer Clothing, &d.
. Withotit writing a volume hand repea
ting old thihas and over, I have, gentle
men, written enough in answer to your
irst'quesmiodid-satisfy you that. I am not
in favor of a tarifi or protection,,. and of
course not in favor of. the tariff of '4
which iot only gives all. the- most oa
monscientious manufactureis tould ask,
and violate essentially the eaitpromise.
but more revenue to govertnment perhaps
by 10 or 15 aiillions of dollars then its ne-,
:essities require. There caonot be in fact
a worse tarirfrufw ihe Southrn eduntry, be
rause the mote it brings into tie treasury
,he more the southern people have to pay;
vho at any raid pay most, add when I.
pay to you that I would as soon shink-of
:uttiog of my right arm as of - votingtot
*epresentatives who sustained this dhens
ire, I trust I have fully answered youf
When in propddndidg souf thitd ques
tion you ask for tlhe remedy; I answer
here is no remedy in the presetit state and
rundition of ibe southern public opinion,
but id the electionof Mr. Folk. That opin
ion is, I fearogaiist'ns and with the adver
sary.. When the delided' people 4hall be
tdxed to their heafts content bv a heart
less federal congress; and for the most ex
travagant expeddituresi tot objects in
which they have no interest, they maybe-i
ing to believe that high duties do not chea-.
pen the necessaries of life-that high ig
es and public debt are dot blessings-that
extravagant expenditures ror sectional'and
party purposds dregreat abuses d aiuthor
ity, anud that od the othef hand the speedy
return to a simple, frugal and honest ad
ministration of governrent Afflairs is mtiost
consistent with the intereSts of all classes
of every deparimuent of industry, and of all
sections of the eunify. If,. fortunately.
Mr. Pulk thould lie elected- by States not
southerfi, we will thus, by the blessing or
Providence, have been sated from our
worsi ener.ics-oiseltes-as by a mira
cle. Very respectfullyj gentleren, your
G. M. TROUP
Messrs. Janes, Voter, Northern, Spen
cer, and Lawrence.
From the Pendleton Messenger.
The following extracts are froin a rd
cot letter of the Hon. John P. Kingi for.
merly a Senator In Congress frim Geot
aia; and trow, *e believe, 'resident of the
Georgia Rail Road Bank ; they illustrate
the.operation of the -present tarif:
"'-he facts are, that tihe tariff of 184
for ntearly a year after its passage, had lit
tle or no effec on prices~ either of domes
tic or -foreign goods~ The dem'tud. was
small, and some extra imaportaiotsewere
made whilst trdodties were 'low, in anti
cipation of a. %ptectien' tariff. In ther
spring of 1843, however, the protected ar
ticles bogatt to ..ise, and during the sarrt
mer of that year theyrtose fromr % to 50
per centei and that Uedvance is 'siill drain-'
tained. Shirting "that I -bou'ght (or 6*
cenmts in 1843.'fot'my fregrues,.I ndiw pay
10 cents for, and I anm asstrred by the sell
er that they. "coI him &dceents Negro
clothmingsthmat I paid 22 cents fo n 14843,1
hate prided and find it noWO.( eis-.
Cheap calicoes that I b 'siokf insther
spring of 1843,'ia-New !ork, ac"ts?
I am no'w assured, byig itht
here, would cost 11 or.1entrs..-(m nty
bagging that sold in Jtljv.U82;atr 14
cents,^Is now 'wothbdiliev, 2&or-'2
cents, &tc. These ?ijf'dee'iewithia
my own knowledge,~nr are ddrjved rota
Whig merchants' of this city e'act,
they are "so notoriouis 'that- hky'issedano
tonfirmation.: These are the facts in coni
paring prices, sinde the tardf bad Leim
operate.a . -
"When 3Mr. Clay wai'in -aanda
roW: years sinde, he o heis,%6: oti,
purchased. some -clothingn in#(Onel-'
The '.price wpo so1 low that- dr Clay w
perfectly - astoujished, anmd ietiked the
lact to his friends.s 'In a -few finilastf-ine
tmited -States~line, haecould reieish is~
war.-obe for about on-a wh1 *ti!
cost him if'lelrossed over1 Tiroesi~
no mystery-about it. Mr; Cl 'mtifd&
mischief himself by his high ptetiGJut
ties. [made phrehasrm Iandhii
here'smtethat they did~miftt me guite
om afterihiNetw dykprfEs." :: 3W
ing- offlie t levbatenddntsi
setern reensIleakfastd~t the -Asl
H us * i4.or