Newspaper Page Text
T ecolfmns of our paper -are almost
exclu 7.y occupied with congressional
matter, much 'of which is importabt and
interesting, especially the message of the
President relating to Mexico and Texis.
The reader will find a'synopsis, copied from
-~~tile*Gf oT the proceelngs of Congress
to the litest dates. We must, however,
call attention to the. rollowiing particulars:
In the House, December,.1-7, Mr. Sli
dell, of La, offered the following resoll:
tion...ibTch was referred to the-committee
Resoived by the Senate and House of
RepresenttIves -Wthe United States of
America in Congress assembled, two
'thirds of both Houses concurring, that the
"TollS"4i"T~a a ie-ne tToli constitution
of the United States be proposed to the
aseveralKStates,.- toibe-valid- to aW1niends
tvand-purposeigas partbf *aid cdhifft'u(ioD
d whdiatified bytife legislatures sof-riiee
--fdurths of safd Staties, viz:' The eletion
tof Presidenrand Vice Pjesidentshall hre
affer'be -maie :directly to the people, or
:'itei -legisatrds of. the several States,
Vith'ot'tbetintervention of electors. tach
-State shall, in such manner as the legisla
ture thereof may-be equal to the 'whWle
-number :of secators- and:-representatives 't6
: vhich-- 'the Stat'e may be-entitled in- the
tCongress. The:returns of said 1ites shalt
be-certified and transmitted by the several.
,States-in the manner and form now pre
-'scribod for certifying and transmiuing.the
-votes of the electoralcollegde.
Mr. Giddings, of Ohio, gave notice that
lie would introduce a bill to repeal all acts
of Congress heretofore passed for the sup
port -ofslavery, or the slave trade, within
the District of Columbia. This is one of
'toisequences resulting from the repeal of
-the rule which prohibited the reception of
--i the Senate, December 19, Mr. Atch
ison, of Missouri, introduced a bill to or
ganize the governmrent of Oregon. Mr.
Archer and nearly all the whig senators
'opposed the reference . of the bill to the
committee on territories, and insisted that
it-should be referred to the committee on
foreign relations, -becatse if the Senate
wore to act on the bill, before conclusion of
'the negotiatiob with G.' Br. on that stb
ritory, it 'would be 'disdou-rteous (o 'tbht
power. The democratic bnutars did not
compromiso the dignity 'r the c6untry,
and, with a few wbig senators, succeeded
in referring tIr bilt to a select -comminlee.
On-the question of referonce to the corn
mitee on foreign relations, the vote was
yeas20, nays 24; as follows,
. Yeat.-Messrs. Archer, Barr'6w, Rates,
Bayard, Berrien, Choate, Clayton, Crit
tenden, Evans, Foster of Tennessee, Fran
cis. Huntington, Johnson, Miller, More
bead, Pearce Ph elps, Rives, Upban, and
W Nsys.-Messrs. Ailen; Ashley, Atchi
son. Atherton, Bagby, Benton, Breese,
JHuchanan-, Dickinson-, Fairfield, Fostbr of
New York; Hannegau, Haywood, Hen
derson, Hunger, Merrick, Ndles, Porter,
Semple, -Sturgeon; Tappan, Walker,
White, and Woobury-24.
The select committee appintied cbslists
of Mesgrs. Atchisba Chairina, Walker,
Rives, Crittenden; and Allen.
In the House, December 19, Mr. Wel
ler, of Ohio, introduced the following joint
resolutions annexing Texas to the United
States, which, after some debate, were
referred to the eommittee of the whole on
the state of the union; by a vote of 109
yeas, 60 nays :
Resolved by the Snate aid House oJ Repre
etutatives of the United Sates of America in
dongresS assembled, Thait from anid after the
passaige dif these resolutions, (the supreme au
thorities of Texas conctirring therein,) the terri
tory now known as the liepublic of Tejtas
bo, and the same is hereb3', ahnnexed to, and
made a portion of, the territory of the United
Sec. 2. And be it further resolved, T hat the
people now residing upon the suid territory,
and within the limits of' Texas, shall be incor
pordtild ijnlo the Unien of the United States,
and protected in the liree enjoyment of their
liberty arid property; anid admitted, as soon as
may be consistent wvith the priniciples of the
federal constitution, to the enjoy menm of all the
rights. priviteges, and imnunitted of citizens of
the United Stats.
Sec 3. And be it further resolved, That the
said territory hereby annoxed sthatt be known
as. the "Territory of Texas;'' and, until other
weise ordered, the laws of TIexas now existing
shall remain iu full furme; and all executive and
judicial officers df Telas, (exept the Presi
ddnt, Vice President, tiftd heads of depart
ments,) shall retain their officespwitir afl au
thrority and power appertaining theretb; and
the edart-of justice there estubbished shall; for
the present, remain as now orgttnized.
Sec. 4. And be it further resolved, T hat all
titles nadl claims to real estate, vald under the
existing laws of Texas, shall he deemed ,.and
held so by the Goveirnment of the U. States.
Sec.-5. -And be it further -resolved, Tbt tub
public hands in the senid territory he, tmd the
same are hereby; pledged for the payment of
the debt~thowever crosted, anterior to the p as
sage of these resolutions; for which the faith
of the governmnentof Texas has beeti-giieny
ansonnung, as is supposed, to ter mitlions" fl
Sez. G. Aud'bc it further resovedT~c~
nIsidbbr shall hereafter be appointdd,.i~dh
such- restrctin as Congress may ampoie, to
examitte and report the claims which mazy be
presented against thes government of Texazuin
ordet ihat the proceeds of the public lands, as
aforesaid, may be applied to the extinguish
mont thereof. -. -
Sec. 7. -And be it further veso~lra', hat com
missioners shall hereafter be appointed, who
shall establish the boundaries, and divide said
territory in suchi maisir and form as Con
gres way direct.
666;8; And~ be it further re solved, Th'at as
soon as-thie supreme atithorities of Texas shall.
signify their..appioval. of these resolutions,-the
game-shali be deemed and held to ho the fan
dsinental laiw of the l and.
. ihe~ Message of President Tyler &A~'xi
ien affairs, *bich i we publish belowwas
reaFdihbtfrHous'sfand referred withotitde
baie,-to the Cotamittee on E'oreign& Relzis.ii
To the Sbedat, . - :. -
and Hous ) Represetati e. -
tirastif iertlicopier; of deoi
redeifed' 6Wamt ur' lintstet'at c,
since the cotmneement of youf
session, whieb .elsimgfrion~ eo irnpor
ztaiceq and I-doubt-ot wi etre,9 v
eas a ide delibierate -coast -
extraorihisy and liigtity o -sliIan
guage wiia Iie.MexicarGoY at has
ro,!.un4fl of- thzEhetiuve, th-g
nexatou was pending berore Congress
and the People, and -also, the. proposed
manner of conducting: that war. will ot
rail to arrest your attention.
Such remonstrance, urged in no unfriend
ly spirit to Mexico,.was.called for by con
siderations of an imperative character,
having relation as well to the peace of
this country 'ad -h6uor of this Govern
'ment'as to the cause of humanity and ci
vilization. , Texas 'bad entered into the
Treitv of, Annexation-upon the invitations
6f'thoexecutive; and when,for that act,
she wis threatened with a renewal of the
whYoan the part bf me'xico, she naturally
looked to this Government .to'interpose its
efforts to ward off the threatened low.
But one course was left th'e Executive.
acting within the limits of itsvcnstitution
al competency, and that was to protest in
respectful. but at the same time strotrg
and decided terms against it. The war
thus threatened to be renewed, was p'ro
mulgated by edicts and decrees, *hich
ordered, on the part of the Mexican miii
wtry, the desolation of whole tracts'df
country, and the destruction, withobt dis
crimination, of all ages, sexst, and condi
tions of. existence.
0ethe manner ofI.on-ducting war,
AMexicoepossesses no exclusive control.
She has ^'fht to violate at pleasure the
principi u nenlightened civiliza
tion hgle v for the conduct of na
tioas'at aaie thereby.retrograde to a
#6rlod of larba sm wIiicb, happily' for
*.the world, has long since passed away.
All nations are interested in.enforcing 'an
observance of thosesprinciples, and the
United States, the oldest of the Anitrich'n
Republics, and the herpst of the civilized
powers to the theatre ow.n- which the'se
enormities were proposed, to be inacted,
could not quietly content themseves to
witness such a state of things. ::They had,
through the Executive, 'on-abother occa
sion, and as was believed with the.appro
bation of the whole country, remonstrated
against outrages similar, but even less in
human, than those which by her new
edicts and decrees she has threatened to
perpetrate, and of which the late inhumou
massacre at Tobasco was but the precur
The bloody and inhuman aiird6r of
Fannin and his companions, eqdtlled only
in savage barbarity by' the usages of the
untutored Indian tribes;pio'ed htdiv little
confidence could be placed on 'tie most
solemn stipulations of her Generals, while
the fate of others who became her cap
tives in war, many of whom. no longer
able to sustain the ratigues and privations
of 'long journeys, were shot dovn by the
*ay side, while their companions who
survived were subjected to sufferings even
moie'aitful than death-had left an inde
lible stain on the page of civilization. The
Executive with the evidence of an inten
tion on the part of Mexico to renew
scenesso revolting tb humanity, could do
no less then rene* remonstrances formerly
urged. For fulfilling doties so imperative,
Mexico has thought proper, through her
accrediied organs, because she has ha: re
presented to her the inhumanity of such
proceeditg, i6 inidulgo- iii languago un
known to the courtesy of diplombtic in
tercoudbt, dnill offensive in the highest de
gree to this Govordment and People.
Nor ha: the offended in this only. She
baa not only violated existing duventio..
beiween ihe Iwo bountries. by aibitrary
and unjust decrees against ou'r trade and
intei-cottrse; Ubt ivithholdi instalments of
debt, die to oui citiiens, %Vhich she so
lediily pledged hbrself to pay, under ir
umstanche which arb fully explaied by
the accu1panying lecter from Mr. Grien,
our Secretary of Legatidh. And when
our Minister has invited thie littention of
her Gover-nment to wrongs comriitted by7
her local authorities not only on the pro
perty but on the persons of our fellow
itizens, engaged in prdsccuting faii. and
hotnest pursutits; she has added Insult to in
jury, by not even decignitig, for monthd td
gethier, to return an artswer to hits r6ape
sentations.-Still fturther to manifest hie
unfriendly feeling towards the Utited
States, she has issued decrees expelling
rom some of her provinces Amerienn
citizens engaged in the peaceful pursuits
of ifI, and now denies to those of our
citizend prosentting the~ Whale Fishery on
Ihe Northwest coast of the Pucifie, the
privilege which has, through all tidie, here.
iofore been accorded to them, of excliatnk
ing goods of a small amount in value at
her ports 'mt California for supplies indis
pensable to their health and comfort.
Nor will it escape the observation of
Congress, that in conducting a correspon
dence *ith that Minister of the. United
States, whro cannot, dad does not, know
any distinction between the geographtical
etions di the Union, charges wholly on
founded ate dfiade against particula'rates
and an appeal to others for aid and pro
teten against supposed wtotngs. tn ibis
same connettidrr, sectional prejudieciare
attempted to be excited, and thre hazardous
and unpardonable effoft is maude to foment
divisions amo'cg th'e States of the Union,
thereby1 th tbittet their pea'e'. Mexico
has'still to leairn' that- hnwevet' freely we
tay indulge in discuidion amongonrselves,
the American People will -tele.rats no ini
terference itIttheir do'mebtib affairs by a'#y
foreign Government; ad its all, that con
cerns the constitutionat guarantees amd
the aaci6nal honor,' the people of the
United States have but oe mind- and one
The' subject of' Antnexation addresses it.
self pnost fortunately'itoevery portion of
the Uniob. The Executive would have
been unmindful of its highest obligati'ons,
if it could have adopted a conise of peolfe~y
dictated by sectionar ibtieess and'loeal'
feelings. On the contrary, it'wa4 because
the question was neither local net s'ectional,
but made its appeal to: the interestioTf thb
whole Union, and of everfKState in the
Union, that the negotiations, fand finally
the 'r-eaty of Annexation was entered
into; and, it. has. afforded me no ordinary
pleasure to perceive thar,-so far ademon-'
strtions havelbeen thade 'upon it' by. the,
People, they have p'toheedled1ftomrall'or-.
ila of -thefnion--.Mexicot asay :sEek t'e
excite ditienramo.ngst us,- by'utterintgv
unjusts denudeiations against' particular
Stats,liut when she tomes tot know 't'hat
he' invitations .addressed to ;oar -fellow-n
itdna*sy Spain, and afterwards by'bt&
eelyto'ideetle '-exass were'acceptwd' b1
iiigrstls frin all -the States; add 'uias,'
in aditonio tilsehdrfieheshei 4'l
.lection with the fact, that the- first effort
which was made to actuire -Texas wat-r
during tiie'administra oil distinguih
ed citizen from an Eastern State, which
was tifterwards-reneved 'under the auspi
ces of a, Presiden 'from the.Southwest,'
she will awake to a knowledge of the fu
tility of her present purpose of sowiug
dissensions among us, or producing dis
traction in our Councils by attacks either
on particular States, or on persons who
are now in-the retirement of private life.
Considering the appeal which she now
makes to eminent citizens by.name. can
she hope to escape censure-for having
ascribed to them as well as to others, a
design, as she - pretends. no*, for the first
'timo revealed, of' hav'tig 'originated nego
tiations to despoil'trer, by duplicity and
falsehood, of a portion of her'territory?
The opinion then, as now, prevailed with
(lhe .tbutiVe, thit i6ie Annexation c'f
Texns to the Union was 'a mailer of vast
importance. . '. ' -
In ordcr to acquire that territory. before it
had assumed a position iimiong the independ
ent powers Ofthe 'earth, p.-opiitioni were
made to Me'xico "for . ' ces I on'6('it to the U.
States. Mexico saw in these sprdceeings at
the timo, no cause ofcomplaint. She is now,
wheii simply reminded or them, awakened
to the knottiede of the fact, which she,
through her Secretary of State, promulgatesto
the whole world as true, that those negotiations
wero founded in deception and falsehood, and
supetinduced by unjust and iniquitios motives.
While Texas wias a dependerdcy of Mexico, the
United States opendit negotiatiois with the
latter power for a cession of her then acknowl
edged territory; 'and nbw that Te'xas is inde
pendent of Mexico, and has maintained a sep
arato existence for nine years,-during which
time Ae has been'received into the family of
nations, and is represented by accredited am
bassad'ors it riany 6f th'e pridoipal Coerts of
Enrope,-and when it has become obvious to the
wlelo.*6rld that she is forever lost to Mexico,
the United Stktis is chiiiged vi'th deception and
falehaf6d iia 'a l 'ielating 'tothe past, and con
d'ehntary pccusations are made against States
whit a liiae hal o6'speclil ieney'in the mat
ter. be'cin'se lhe Eiecutive of'the.whole Union
has negotiated with free and independent Tex
as upon a matitr vitally important to the inter
ests of both cbhtrties,, 'nd after nitieyefrs of
unavailing wiir, M oxico now announces her in
tention, through her SeeratA offoreign Af.
roirs, neyxer to cousen) to the. nclopenflodee of
Texas. or. to hbandon the efort to reconquer
that Republib. She thns announces a perpet
nal claim, which, attho.end ,or century, will,
furnish her 03 plansible ii ground for discon
tent againt any nation, which, at th'end of
that time, may enter into a Treaty with Texas,
as altc possesses 'at this momet against the
United States. The laipse.of.ijme can dd
nothting to her title to Indeperdeice.
A course of conduct such as ha bann'de
scribed out the part of Mexico, in violation df
ill friendly feeling, arid of the courtesy, which
should characterize the intercourse between the
Nations of the Earth, might well justify the
United States in a resort to any measure to
vindicate their national honor; but actuated by
a sincere desire to presesivi the genei-l peace,
and in view of the present condition of Mexico
the Executive resting upon its integr'ity, and
not fearing but that the judgenent of the world
will duly appreciate its motives, abstains from
recommending to Congress a resort to meas
ures of redress, and contents itself with re-ur
ging upon that body prompt and immediate ac
tion on the subject ofAnnexation:-By adopt:
i-g that measure; the. United States will be in
the exercise of an undoubted right; and if Mex
ico, not regarding that forbearance, shall ag
gravate the injustice of her conduct by a de
claration of war against them, upon her head.
will rest all the responsibility
- Washington, Dec. p, JCNTYLER.
NEW OtrLEs, Dec. 20.
I ATE FROM TEXAS.
ly 'the arrival yesterday of the U. S, revenue
cutter WQodhiry, Lieut. John J. Nimmo, coa
manding, ieieiave iieived Galveston dates to
the .1th instant . The .W. brought up des
patclles from Maj. Donesaon, our Charge d'Af
faircs to Texas. which were forwvarded yester
day td Washingtotn. A devere Not-ther has
beed blowv)ng .outside, which prevented the
Cutter from arriving earnier.
Ttie Britishi rrigate Spartan, landed Capt.
Eli Wtt, thes Eiu'glisih charge to Texas, at Galves
ton otn 61.h inst., and sailed the next day for~
Veta Cruz. . .-,
We learn that preparations atre being made
to put the Texan army afloat once more. Re.
pairs,.such as canlkingv, &c., are going on
upon the A qatin and Wihtarton. .
Ini looking over otir files we do not see anE
account of a uirjgteelrajar Indian disturbance
in any quarter-all seemi~s - ace aqd quietness
in the Repnblic. anid the dutors do not appear
to think enough of thes eteited Mbxican in
vaston e ven to speak of or allude to it. -.
The Texan Congress mitc and nrgani~ied o'n
the3d inst. It is the ninth Congress which has
asseabled since thao formation of the Govern
ment.- On the 4th. Presidetit Houston deltyered
his last message. We have .not room for the
whole of it, hut give extracts and a synopsisof
the moat important points.
His Eteellency represents the foreign anud
domestic relations of the Republic to bue in a
propiti'ous condition. Sinte the last adjonan-'
menit uf Co'ngr-ess, treaties of -anIty, rfavigation
and commerce, have .been exchanged With
sevoral of the- German States. That pofici
of the mnessage which relates to this coun'afy,
Great Britain and Frande, is too imiportant, at
connected with a tattef of great interest to our
readers, toabe condens-ed, and ~we give it ecitire.
The message suyst --
- .'The Governmaents of .Great Britalin aifc
Fiance still maintain' towards us' those senti,
bientaof friendship and good. fegling. whiigb
have over' marked their mnteredt0.e wiih,uw,
and which it should cotitintis td b's our studious
cars, by e'iery proler.m'inite'tation on our
part, to sirdflgthen atad itdipibdate. Thei-e is
no ground to snspect that -the ate agitadon of
ntcrnational questiotis between' tihis' Kep'e510c
and that of the United States, has, rn any de
gree, abated their desire for onr continned pros
perityj and independerce, .or caused them to
relax their good officses to bring about the a
dy and huonorahte adcjis'ttnent of ouar diffict; ties
with Mexico. 'Thiit theyshould evince d'nxieig
foi oi rsparate existence.ind 'permaint'ib
depondence a's a nation', is noi omy hbtndat, bdi
enti'rely commendable. They 'will never re
quire of us, I ani fully assured, any sacrifice of
honor or interest; and if they did, we shouldhbe
quite free, as I am certain weshould he ready,
tourefuaseit. They are too well aegntaintod wvith
the histbory of ouir oiig'.anil,.pogiess to. iup-'
pos'e, for an instant,that we would, undler aniy
circumstances, surrendedn one jot or tittle of lib
erfy .ahd .tight to selfgoverninent whicha we
achieved in the scnguitaq.conz~icts pf the rev-.
oution, or give up a-siul pidlege apcujed.td.
us by our laws and Co sttutiori. They will,
not ask it-they' do not expst tts ol
not yield It.. -, - . tthywud
* "Or-relations with the 'United Statesare
tnain 'in 'thessamte condition a at the time of mf'
last antiual cobtmunicitione 'Wetare still with-'
out: any. treat) .stipnlatiouis betwiddn ;the two
countries. Withiin the tast t', years'al*t
tempts at their establisliment have been. 6ega
tived by the ratifying gowjir.of, that Govern-.
maenf Thait ang effort 'orthe .skrre pil-pose.
will'uibeMt willh 'beter wcejs,'for~theh tme to
with btexico. Since the autumn of 1842, no
incursion has.been..made withini out-borders.
The'mordi effei -of-publec opinion- throinghout,
the enlighted Worldl if not the decided inteiven
tioar'of powers nutually friendly, seemi to have-,
arrested that course of conduet heretofoie prac
tised aainst us, on the part of our enemy. and
Ln plainly subversive of every rule of honora
- The Indiai Affairs of the Republic are "rep
resented to be in as satisfactoty a state as could
have been hoped from the difficulties and ne
cessary delays-attendingnegotiations with hos
tile tribes of savages.
The finances ol the Government are in a
healthy and prosperous condition.. The cur
rent receiptsof the treasury for the year, it is
thought, will more than meet the current ex
penses of the Administration. More stringent
measures are recommended to secure the treas
ury against loss from smuggling and defulca.
The total expenditnre of the Government for
the term of President Huston's service, (three
years.) eelusive of a-'delit of fffty thousand
dollars, incurred 'daring the administration of
his predecessor. is stated at - 460,209
Receipts for the same period, 466.1f 8
Dunn"th' pa'st summer..the dissentions af.
'iecti life' id property that broke out in
Shelby cobnty, have been quelled by military
A i'crease o'f'tle force employed in the pro
tdctibn of the Southwestin frontier is recotn
mended as necessary to the security of that
secion 'of the Republic.
i F'ko the 9t. AilaTine Neiis, Dec. 21)
THE SEMINOLE INDIANS.
It would set m'that there exists, on the part
of some of our citizens, jin appreberdon-,tha
further idiffiedities are likely to 6e'hncountered
with the remainder 'f th6 Seminoles now in the
.Territory. W6 aif eoi6dent that there is not
the- leaist foundation for'suchapprehinsioni; and
that, if the Veneral Commanding is allowed to
carry out the designs ofthe Governalent, the
Indians will finally be pekceably 'removed.
We beg leave to call the attention of the peo
ple of Florida to the card ofGen Wor'li, on
this iubject, publiiAed belo*.
'Head qkirlers 9th Military Department,
St. Augustine, (Fla.) December 20th,1844.
To THE CITIZENS o- FLORIDA.
Enqoiries having reached me in varibosforims
and from various quarters which eti'deuice
nlarm and anxiety, at the lirospect ofindiai
difficultiets, to. the-retardation, ith said, ofthe
prosperity of The .Territory in respect to the
enlvatlon pf thesoil-I beg leave in thkit man
tier, and as agenerial reply, siy,that.In so fai
as respects .the. lndips,niibering some 310
or 312, are all within the limits asigned to thimi
that . they have manifested the best dispoition
Aund gratitude for the quiit accorded to them;
that any statements to the contrary, is the wick
ed and "weak invention" of enemiosin dis
guine, to the.prosperity-ofFloria;that -it is res
pectisily requ.ested all interested in the pre
servaion of pqace, or otherwise, to be assured
thit there is not the slightest chance ofa distur
bance of the prsent quiet'ad prosperous con
dition 'o 1: Territory; and-finally tb.at it is
hoped -Ai believed the small remainde''f'In
diani will be, in due time, peaceably and quiet
ly emifhted in. the,manner and mode directed
by thi United kttes Gourasseat.
Beig. General, Commanding.
Froim tA Baltimore American.
WAstinco-xo, DaV. 16.
SUPREME COURT UNITED. STATES.
Chief Justice.Taney tiis morning gave the
opinion of the Court that there.was no law in
force between the Compromise-Act and the
Tariff of 1842, or the 30th of Juno and the 14th
of Jily, for jhe. collction of .public revenue.
The Coumi deid 16At the, Compromise Act
was in force antil ihe prentj aw tas enacted..
CASIdOFTEoiAs.W. Doa. .
The Court nett proceeded ti hear the Coun
sel of Dorr, upon a writ of error, to bring the
priuoherto the Supi-tine.Cobirt. Francis C.
Treadwelfof Portland. Me., opened. the case
for the prisoner. The Counsel relied upon the
article of the Constitution establishing on Su
preme Court, and .its powers.to meet the up
p.:ication of Counsel for a wii lHe supposes
the case at issue to be a controversy between a
State and the citizen of a State, which warrants
the interposition of the Supreme Court. The
public laws of Rhode Island were also referred
to as giving the authority clammed. The-power
of appeal in the case, before the Court wvas
claimed as an infereoce of these laws.
The indictment under which Dorr was con
victed was read to the Coturt,giving the details
of tho tiial which commenced in April, closed
in Maj.and under which sentence was ren
dered in Junie. -The grounds of satting aside
that verdictanpon application made in the Court
of Rhode Islgtd,.were,. also considered ihi the
Bill of exception '-thme, Aourt having, refused
totb'einfueeelfm tliapei.. It was asked
ther iha'ittre ye aift nl4~.set aside, be
camiei. liti heei dur ojon the ground
that treaison codld .bE conmte agdnst one of
the States, whichdeisidn it wascosteaed vwas
repugnast.Id' Cons titoitiof the tJ. States.
It was iliaimed diso' iat.the case should bie
b-rught up to the Supreme Court becauise
Door,.under;a valid Cihstitution, was Governoi
of Rhode IslanLt , .- ,
It ads aked aloupon the ground that the
j066irl ot lod Island had refused to instruct
the .ttiry th'at reason could not -be. codmmitted
ins a Elia ,. It was .stated that the Court
rRhoiale sland .sueipended sent nee fo'r on'e
ay to receive asbill; of excisptiu,bmit thafthe
ourt attke samne time refused to suspetal die
enteneme upon the verdikt, for which cause the
co in~e1 t'sked that tiis ease niay be co'disidered
, .Ad agaii, bqause the Courts at horseo.
fused to allow Mr. Dorr torscive..ard signq;<
petition to hae bis c~ae cotisiderled.here; they.
aslk for an o odoesobthe.Sippe ~qurt.
.o arove, tt tlpopjtion;is true, several
aff'dva tiere je" oe roniinuel.Fesa
sem ' o~fM M4 ~oii fr-m'Afri'read
well hislf a~tiam John .Eddy, of
Rhode Tuland, I~Whc it is contended that ap
p-ifaidiskn bd:Niae e gtjeefh prisoner,,
which was not gagd. ;'
Mr. Treadwell *i heardihrongihe i'
casewais'ient to bp dec ed b .lie Cuth
out furthertue ~ ~ ..,, .
A work slippie . , T3.
-Scotit ithe N. E. pro our- 1 w he
don M4'nday last consumed bj sao~ k
pliecs about 1 o'lc Iilil h'ad
were. at dinrner. , It i nti
shop, and -was' nodoqt'Ic~1eIby
sparks 6loNn fromni e ch~bI ijte
shaviug^-lh4 iind wds btol~-e~
rom' t5". .weSt- alettpte cir uttista e~
by the, hyd, fof had il beetF
quarter tas' *hola file~o J
beau ingeam dage of a cagttt p~
.Anderon Gaietfr i A ,,,e. i ~
covered among tlu Chinee eghich. we'
s'uppiosd i' be il 'idwa tcM6ige'
and American-nations, such asalowgh.ii
.mon liorrows,.w nom lr
sess its .cbsin ptidiq' ji "h emp~o
wgtermrthe -crops .'rpm,;bjwre~a
withs small lettor 1themejtpiie-LiteW
EDGEFIEV C .,Z
WEDNESDAY, JANUAY 118450
WPe will cling to the Pillars of the Tempte of7
our Liberties,and tfit mustfall,we wilt Perish
BYT Mr. BismAm F.o'Cdrxa is duly au
horized to collect Notes and;Accounts due
this office, in this and the adjoininig.. Diitricis.
We hope on friends will avail themelves of
so favorable an opportuity for liquidatrng their
As the ol. year passos away, the new year
dawns'upen us. We bid it right welcomey
To many it co'uis, bringing alofg with it the
most 'pleasurable anticipations. To many, es
pecially those who haVe notyet passed the me
ridian of life, hope paints ihe finre in its most
brilliant colors; To 'these, life now seems but
i long, 'snm'ier iay. Theie zon the close of
the yeaiwillbe doomed to. deep and bitter dis.
appointrient, unless they look up to the great
source or-enjoyment', the author of every good
and perfectgift As the new year begins, let
ba all resolve to begin new4ives. Let.every
man resolve to think as w'6l of bis neighbor as
he'can, to do him him a. madj good deeds as
hle can, and though troubles and difficles may
come, he can take up his armor, iaAipproving
conscience, stronger than that of the iuail clad
knight, and manhfully oppose them. May we
all so live, that when our summer. is ended, and
the winter of age shall come I'ui 1s, we may
aimly sink into our lasAreistin'g place, coni
lently awaitin the dawn'df a b*ghter and a
andre glorious day.
Eighteen hundred and forty-four. has gone,
and is now numbeed with "the years bey 'd
the flood." In its.passage,.clouds and tin
pests often veiled.the Heav'en's from our view,
nd fora season all wasenveloped in obscurity.
rhe floveirs and 'fruits of the earth were often
swept away'in tie march of tho storm, and a
deep gloom beclouded the fair face of nature.
But at length the wild commotion ceased, the
bright silfi shone 'again, tie flowers again
sprung forth, andthe earth yielded b kindly
fruits.. Ifthis be true of the natural world, it is
equally so with the moral world. The' storn
of trial and 'aillictiWd may long bow.ogr heads
to the earth-the darkness' ogrief,.maylong
cover 'our.. hearts, and there. may not be
one ray of hopo to light up the gloom-but'at
last, the tempest will cease its rury, our troub
lea will have ended, and the sun -of peace will
beam more brightly upon us. This is particu -
larly true with regard to those who trust ins an
overruling Providence. To such,thelight afihic
tion of the world is but for: a moment, and in
the end they shall rejoice wih exceeding great
- Bank of the State.-Odn tlie 16th of Deeii
ber last, the following -gentlemen were kleoiad
President and Directors -of the Bank of ihe
State. F. H. Elmore, President-D C' ebIl,
Samuel Rorger, Aleiainder McDonalif W. C.
Dukes. M". T. Mendenhall, Rob't. Cildwell,
George N. Reynolds, John 8. Ashe. WeB.
Pringlo, Sanm'es S. Bowie, i4. T. IcGee; Win.
NI. Lawton, Directors.
Chana alie.-he Legislatusre of
South Carolina has made an apopitinfor
a Professorship of Greek Literature, ia the
South Carolina College.
Prcsentat ion of a Swoord to Commodia Skit
brick.--A beautiful sword costing $750, has
meen presented by the Legislature of J5outh
Caurolina to Commodore Shubrick. for his dir
ing uished services in the last war. . Commo
lore 8. is a native of this St-ie,., Tihe official
:orrespondence between' GovernocHammond
imd Commodore -Shubrick will bebfund in
he Charleston M1ercury of the 24th nal.
Cokector of the POrt of NSi Yok.-T'le.
lengate has. confirmed, by a unanimoutzsvpe,
he nonfination of. Governor Van Ness as Ci
ector of the New York Custom House.
North Caro Jutc of 'ghe Peace ARe
ently a Northf Caioliga' Magistrate tedfered
is resignation to the North? Coothi Legisla
ure, stating, tha he had no other qualiiciao
or oflice but kreat bodily strength, which ensa
mled hiin separate combatants.-"
Bodily strbngth -we consider a hIgh q9alit
ation in a ~oiimoi igistrate A miaanN
great phfysicaliportios,#it command
respect in a brutal crowd,'whena a LitMt oT a
Fellow w'l excite sotetaipt.
Wiarh in onmed that ExGdernor Wa~.
farey aud John' Saae'ai
ave been 4p hntabfy G'.oerura
r h T a a ied t is 'tn
ridttod that neither of dhe gaitli t wi~ lie
eTml ze ,5, .
The Legislatue.g 7n ;ino tedl
Sinator. froi .h1t-Stitt 1 o
immediate annexatifl A lfr-acor.
janeowith theprnciplesof t -
Zorth Carolina amu& Teias iiiIoue
of Representatives o(beuiState of Norti
olina, whose legslature asnow-..
rollowmg resoliotion was move
scosed ifTfa in our opmon., errabor;
o6 Tep:s'ouglif~to b'e eaiee tes
beo elfected 'withoutoany copn f thu
rights, interestind-honor'of. Uni
The resolutbon,'aler-protrcied debate,
was rejected bya vtoo 6
Extract of' letter rece.yOr
"Was killed on dills-tanon -
McCarty, neIr this '
a Bear, weijhiu-g twioa .da s
Sounds,a.era rd stre#l
negroeswithfenceraile -4 Tfew
with their ihootingrons. TfeIsd,
land. So irwe have io KEistie b
haVe a Bear ocaWinally.
tion.-The following tablegi Ite~ ai
votein each State . it
election,tw cop roui I To
Maine. . .467J9~> f4
New Hampidi ireR 3,1 Z460 77 446
Connecy..a 267 ,9 63
Bhode 4848, - 5,
Nelwar, 12 3~.'
N: C**nhna, 0287 -43'
S. Carolina, 4O;000.~ Jf5,00~
Alah hia33A1201 21:345
Tlii .~e 57,85W05 >-45
Miiszi i' AM
Ar1K.n' 101500 500
Totid ,37364 1 318,61 93 61,d60
- ,310,611 'f
Polk over Cla 0 .,6,553, JkI &
Polk over a11 484 lathe 2d
Tse Herald saye, There is nb leetinJy
thu people,.of Presidential Elet*o & rs
threforeestimated J-po 90 lite; 6
inig Polkamajoriyof a w~ei~6ily
below the Ymark.- The pt~eLLgsw~
was elected:ereuslyto vo r k
tiere is.'not a singlelFhig in'h'at .ss
Al the last election in the state,:the .Whuipa:
temptled a: contest onuly in cnp. Conuu~th
District, and they there polled-but % .4 y~e
In Charleston they atteinpiede toeleet ~ehi
to uthe Legisiature, and were signally dfeatetl,
In thie aggregate popular yqte we asaa.thipI
weare~og the saf side, by giving l e
mate. Id 1832., lieja the nnli6catioe
rent was ait highest pointhe.a
whole pvte poigd reached i39,O6;'pierere,
In giving. an ynrease of n6,bQ. _telv
yWa..Io..apegsitly Wthif.bW aW~Ip
wefiike Uema.ngther ae een-i
Th eaggrea te vote Is estimfiited1
jorityias taken frm the retrarnareci :.
Tho26 electoral colles ofthe Unite tates
assembled on' he44ifr e r imatjube paei
designated by the lwsio tthe espective 6We n
to make choice ofltjresideutand Vica -Presi
det and-theyh this-iile-butil.0 roe.
President, and George Mi Dallas for Vics Pre
IIdent The following table shall be kept stand
ing until it is completed, with..the tes-of all
tie Statesg as the.are:ecivedathisoffee.
Georgia, . 0 .10
VirgMia. -17- .1.
New York 36 . 36
Conneerlineut e -- 6
New Jersey,. 7 7 -
Pennto vinfa, 26 .. 26 -
Marln, - .8 8
Sond Carohio, 9 .. 9
Massachusetts, 12 12
Rhode Islande r. 4 4
NI. Hampshire, 6 -
Ifaiiw, 9- .
Louisiana, (Q .
rensqse .13 3
hlissiduippi 6 .--6
*Tepngsns ofive eleetoral colleis 10be
bedeaMhian, Juduana, I olAr-'
kansas, and Mison.-Aagusta Celi
Wia ' totusate of tsadz
isha'pd-rf-Moutt,1 h taa
sing stationabdue '. ile above
'rafri do Chieir ibaf "a
I~and 'were sufi idr-lem oj,
viaelonssiteijd letihena?pt s
over the copn
the Tprh &1l~i.
as4~ t 14the
&& d tibblhvps