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ytoi te United Stateg.of
ca andher Majsty the Queen-of
t1Ue . d teKingdom of Great Britain
emstt Ireland, concluded at Washingon,
A 15t fJune, 1846.
June 16, 1846-Read a first - time.
'.:,rJunedy,;,1846-Read a second-lime and
ordereid'to be printed in confidence for the
use of the Senate.
The United States of America and her
Majesty the Queen of the United King
dontof Great'Britatn and Ireland. deem
ihg"'I to be desirable, for the future welfare
of both countries, that the state of dutubt
andlnitceftaifty' which has- hitherto pre
vailed respecting sovereignty and govern
te riipry on the North West
Coast of America, lying westward of' the
Rocky otfStony Mountains, should be f
nally terminated by an amicable comapro
mise of the rights mutually asserted by the
two parties-over said territory, have res
pectively named Pleaipotentiaries to treat
'aid agree (concerning the terms of such
settlement ; that is to say, that the Presi.
dent of the United States of America, hat
on his part furnished with full powers
James Buchanan, Secretary -of State of
the United States, and her Majesty, the
Queen of the United Kingdom of Grew
Britain and Ireland, has og her part ap
pointed the right Honorable Richar
Eackenham, a member of her Majesty's
iost honorable Privy Council, and he
*ajest& 'aEnvoy Extraordinary and Min
icier Plenipotentiary to the United States
who, after having communicated to eadc
other their respective full powers, formec
in good and due form, haviug agreed upo
and concluded the fullowing articles
"From the point on the 49th parallel o
north latitude, where the boundary laic
adown in the existing treaties and conven
tions between Great Britain and the Uni
ted States terminates, the line of boundary
between the territories of her Britanni,
-ajesty and 'those of the United States
be continued westward along the 49th par
allel of north latitude to the middle of h
- channel which .separates the continet
frotn Vancouver's Island, and thence
southerly through the middle of the sait
channel, and of Fuca's Straits, toithe Pa
cific'Oeean: provided, however, that th<
la'vigation of the said channel and straits
south of the 49th parallel of north lati
tade, remain free from and open to boil
"From the- point at which the 49th par
allel of north latitude shall be tound t
intersect the great northern branch of thi
- Colombia'river, the navigation of the saic
- ranch shall be free and open to the Hud
eon's Bay Company, and to all Britisi
dnbjects trading with the same, to the
-point: here the said branch meets the
matistream of the Columbia, and thenrc
down the said main 'stream to the ocean
=stirh'fre-e access into and through the sai'
-ri'e- or' rivers; it-being understood that al
-the usal'por.tages along the, line thus de,
s'ribed snlbll in like mainer be free ant
open. Ir navigating the 'river or rivers
ti s thjects, with their goods and p)re
eshal be treated,on the some footinj
asfcstitsnsbftheUoited States;. it being
-o646 ,4 ~ ' underatood that nothing
tadthigjtila tiUtd be"osstrued'as pre
vating raiuitended to prevnt, the G'v
senutretofthe United States'from makiun
au tsdalisins respedting the navigation;
6 the said iiver' or "rivers, not incousis
tent wIth the present treaty."
Inthe fitture appropriations of the ter.
titory south of the 49:h parallel of norti
.latitude, as provided in' the first article al
this treaty, th6 possessory rights of then
HIudson's Bay Company, and of all Bri'
ish' subjects which may be already in then
occupation of land or ether properly law
fully acquired within the said territory,
- AlRTICLE 4.
Thto farms, lands, and other property of
every description, belonging to the Pa
gEt's Sound Agricultural Company, on the
north side or the Columtbia river. shalt be
confirmed to tlie said Company. In case,
however, the situation of those farms~ and
lands should be' coinsidered by the United
States; to be nof public and political impor
tunce, and the United States Government
should sigfnify a desire to obtaitn posses
sion of the whole or of any part thereof,
tile' property so required shall be transfer
red to the said Government at a paroper
valuation to be agreed upon between tihe
The present Treaty shall he ratified by
the United States by and wvith the advice
and consent of the Senate thereof, atnd by
her Britannic Majety; and the ratifica
tions shall be exchanged at London at the
expiration of six months from the date
hereof, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, the respective Plen
ipotentiaries have signed the samue, atnd
have affixed thereto the seals oft ihey arms.
Done at Washington, the fifteenth daey
of June, in the -year of our Lord' one thou
sand eight hi'ndred and forty sis.
-JAilES BUCH ANAN,
* RICHARD PAKENIHAM.
So ng r e e s I ba I .
Correspondence of the Charleston Courier.
-W AsBHIoTo N, ,July 22.
Thear .ill was' discussed in the
et,.pit-is evident that it .will, pass
')MtMrdlead, of Ky., spoke otn the stab.
jet of' the Tariff hilt. He opposed the
measure w'ith rauch force, and predicted
as many have slone,.that its adoption wilt
dismeinber sud ~destroy the democratuc
kts non-aidoption would certainly do the
-Mr. Morehead~ defied, rather than- de
plored the adoption of the measure. He
sewid that it would destroy the link be
twoen Pennsylvania. and: the party, and
that Pennsylvania had been, deceived. by
M~Buchanan- atnd Mr. Polk, &c. Mr.
'auenswil speali nevt.
'sEal~atal.Board-'of Officers called'to
eds -!IOdUfthe traval enterprises-against
Meidedtgsedy Com.' Stewsart,
'4iitt u0 bbject 'of an-attack on
submitted to them by-tpe executive, but it
K --* Jnly."23".
There has been much talk- about the
capital, for a fw days. about the compro
mise'of the ariff question. Some weeks
ago, it was rumored that Mr. Webster and
Mr. Calhoun had such a project in view.
The present bill, is, in fact, a compromise.
and is highly protective in its character.
There is not, in my opinion, any rea
son to think that either party look to any
other sort of compromise. The friends of
the bill now before the Senate are confi
dent of carrying it. Its opponents, gener
ally speaking, go for the tariff of 1842 or
it was, however, currently rumored, to
day, that Mr. Webster and Mr. Calhoun
had got up a. compromise. This was
wholly incorrect, as I soon ascertained. A
plan of compromise has been got up by
the.Pennsylvanians, in the hope of defea
ting the bill before the Senate. Mr. Web
ster never seen it till yesterday, Mr. Cal
houn was also requested to examine it, and
it is said he looks upon it with favor. The
whigs generally scout it. I doubt whether
it will be offered.
This plan of compromise provides 'that
from and after the first day of December
next, there shall be a reduction of 25 i-er
cent of the duties, whether specific or ad
valorem, now imposed by law on. articles
of impor'ed merchandise, whereon duties
duties exceeding 30 per cent ad valorem
are now charged, excepting brandy and
other spirits, distilled from grain or other
materials. and -vines: Provided, neverthe
I less, that duties on articles now charged
t with more than 30 per cent shall not he
reduced below 30 per cent. strike out
the 7th, 8th and 9th sections."
f The reduction effected by this measure
I is estimated at $3x ,000 upon the
importsof l845r;one-third of which will
fall on cotton manufactures.,
The bill proposes a duty of.24 cents a
pound on Coffee. and ten cents on Tea,
which will produce $4.220,000-these du
- ties to cease one year after the termination
of the war with Mexico. The whole
t amount of nett rovedue, as estimated, will
Mr. Cameron of Pa., who spoke on the
subject of the Tariff to day, alluded to
another measure which would be proposed
in lieu of that before the Senate. And
this is probable the measure referred to.
I Mr. Cameron stron-ly opposed the bill
before the Senate. He spoke of the set
timents of democratic Pennsylvanta, on
this subject, and declared that she would
not have supported 'Polk and Dallas,"
e had she not been assured that in support
ing them,she supported and secured ie
- Tariff. Ile reminded Mr. Dalla?, that lie
would not have occupied his present seat
D had it been supposed that his election
3 would endanger the tariff'
Mr. Cameron evidently was under the
impression that there would be a tie voe
I in the Senate on the bill, 'and therefore he
I directed his arguments, persuasions an'ti
menaces to the Vice President. He put
I -to Mr. Dallas whether Mr. Cal'toun, in the
same position, would on such a question
sacrificethe interests of his State, by giv
iag a' contrary vot'e against those iner
eats. merely at the denand of his party.
He brought. forward Mr. Dallis's own
.speeches ifavor of the tariff orrete
!ion, and reiiinded hit that Penn yl vantia
knew how to punish treachery'as well as
to reward patriotism. lie appealed to
the Vice P-esident- to suffer this hill to be
defeated in order that some other mea
sure should be introduced.
Every Senator is now in his seat. The
question is to be taketn on Saturday. The
.present prospect is that the vote will tnot
he tied. It all depends on the vote of Mr.
Jarnagani, and it is believed hat ho wsill
vote for the bill.
- July 24.
.Mr. Camneron presented memorials in
the Senate, from citizens of several coun
ties in Pe-nnsylvatnia against the new Ta
riff. Mr. C. remarked that there were
counties which gave. a majority of fifteen
thousand votes for Polk and Dallas, where
as their entire majority in the State was
but five thousand. He went otn to spteak
of the ruin and desolation that this mea
sure would spread over that State.
Mir. Sevier said that the usual Coulse of
things here was, after meeting, to hear
prayers from the Chaplain, then to hear
the jounrnal, anid then to hear a dolorous
declaration against the new Tariff;~ and a
frightful accounotof its ruinous consequen
es, lie should certainly feel some apt
prehentsiot, btut for the fact, that the Se-n
ator from Pecnnsylvania uttered thtese Ia
mietations with so cheerful and smiling a
countenance, he had come to the conclu
sion, that it was all a joke.
Mir. J1. M. Clayton said the Senator
would God that it wvas no joke, and that iiiw
prayers of thme people must be listened to.
The Committee on printing of the Sen
ate, reported against printing the Tarif
remostrances, and on wthe question ot
cotcurrence itere was a tie-25 to 25 -
rTe Vice President then v'oted in the at
It is now well understood that the Vice
President wvill give his casting vote, if needl
be, for the bill. He has written a letter
to that effect. The interests of his Stat'
must yield to those of all the States which
he now r-ejiresents.
The tariff bill was discussgd by Air.
Upam and Mr. Simmons
It is supposed thaw Mir. Webster will foi
ow, and close the debate. The friendig of
the bilir have all waivad the right ef speak
ing so the discussion has been enltirely on
it is generally said and believed,'to day,
that Mr. Haywood and Mr. Jarnagan will
vote for the bill--securing for ii 29 votes,
and rendering the President's vote unne
The Whigs- are highly clated at thte
prospect of the passage of the bill. They
are certain that it will effect a political
revolution in Pennsylvania. They say.
too, that whoever they nominate for the
Presidentey, as a high Tariff man, muslJt
Corespomfee of the Chlas. Eveinwg Newes.
- -- July 25.
In the Senate this morning, after the
disposal of some unimportant business, the
onsideration of the' Tarif' bill was re
sumed, it being the eeral understanding
vote -upon it should be Ia . bafore the- a
adjournment, even'if itwe' t s
ir. Websiertilvin.tit er poke for
abot' four hotir in opp --t he bill, I
and intimted at the orti his re
maiks. he would. mov to stone ihe
bill till next session.
At five o'clock, beitg fatigued,
Mr. W. gave up the''flu6r r Mr A.
Johnson, who, as an act of co esy to the
former, moved an adjoi ,"so that
the speech might be coneln Monday.
The yeas and nays we emanded,
and the result was as follows Yeas; 27,
Mr. Haywood, of Norh"i arolina. re
signed his seat in the Senai: bile Mr.
Webster was speaking. Yo itrecollect
that I hinted as much m' n ten days
ago. You may be assure as soon as
it was known the greatest epnsternation
His resignation, has, it is thought, killed
the bill, as by Monday evening we shall
have a Whig Senator aprn-tfed -by the
Governor of North Caroline, who will
vote against it, thus makig an actual dif
ference of two votes. The'.. can be no
doubt but that the intendedniotion of Mr.
Webster, to .postpone the bill; till next ses
sion, will prevail.
Corrsponmence of the Charleston Courier.
The House passed a .u ion yester
day, fixing. the hour of adj urament. site
die. at 12 o'clock, on Monday, August 10.
The day, but not the hour has been fixed
before. The objectis to avoid those pro
tracted, exacted, confused aid unproduc
tive night sessions that so much disgraced
Congress, and especially the House, on
The harbor bill was taken ap, and eli
cite I some discussion. It was. understood;
that if the bill should be returned to the
House with amendments; it would be
Therefore, eyed the, test amend
ment was voted down, holnate having
determined that :he biWlIfihuld pass. The
bill was, finally, ordered to a '.hird reading
-yeas 34, nays 16. The bill appropri
ates thirteen hundred tho#sanid dollars,
mostly for old works.
The President, some say, will veto This
Sill. If ho does, he will greatly displease
the western democracy ; and if he duoes
not, he will act inconsistsatly with .ilI his
The. tariff bill was taken up. and Mr.
Simmons, of R. I., took an able and prac
tical view of the subject, in a continued
spteech of mtch length. Mr. Webster has
the floor for to day.
I learn that Mr. 1ayootl and Mr.
Jarnagin, as to whose course on this bill
there has been some mystery. will explain
their views. I do not imegine, therefore,
that the question can be ;taken today,
though It will certainily be urged.
The Senate passed the bill from the
Uouse,to exempt Coliee iluported from
the Netherlatids, from taxati'ii in certain
cases, anti for other purpose?, but in a dif
ferent form. It goes back to the [louse
for concurrence. ?
The Varehuusiug bill h s been oost
poned till Moniday in the, iusc. It 4% ill,
The House re(use to r.. tve.,A R.
iLnerwo l iL ton of
hostilities, and t-hefe es.. lii n 't=
plomna'ic relations with i'exicir54 1t95.
Speedy changes in the Cibinet may be
anticipated. I consider it as certain that
Mr. John Y. Mason, now Attorney Gene
ral, will succeed Mr. Buctanaii, Secre
tary of State.
Oite of the chief objects of calling togtther
the congress of Post-Captains is to subiht
to their advisement the expediency of inn
king promotions by merit instead or mere
seniority. A modification of the existing
rule on that subject is desirable, and may
Much has been said as to the treachery
of some Senator, who renderod the coun
try the tardy service of divulging the mes
se and papers accompanying the Ore
grn treaty Mr. Allen submitted a mo
tiop, in the Senate, to throw opuen all pro
ceedings atnd debates on the subject to the
publ~ic. But this wvas rejected. After the
ratification of the treaty. it wvas proposed
to remove the injuntction; but the Senate
refused to do so, on the ground that it was
inexpedient to make ptublic the provisions
ofthie treaty until ratification had beetn
exchanged. Some '4f the S'-nators very
properly considered thtemselves as bound
by tiese decisi'.ns, and others seem to
have taken a differenut view of their duty.
The Tariff is now in great danger. Mr.
tIaywuod, of N. C., whose vote has often
oeen spoketn of as somewhat doubtful, re
rined his seai yesterday, at two o'clock.I
It was understood that lie had determined:
o explain his objectionis to .the bill and
move an amendment, and then vote for it.
i-Ic was in his seat in' the mtorng, aiid
listened for an houi to Mr. Webster, anid
then wvrote hisi letter of resign.mtion andi
rtired frotm the chamber. Tbe event was
tnediately known and produced the
greatest sensation. The democ,'ratic Seni
ators were taken alto'gether by surprise.
hey had supposed thait Mr. Haywood 1
was opposed to some unimpportant details
of the bill, but did not imagine that he I
would feel himself bound to vote against I
it or resigni. Mr. H-aywood has. however,c
uund ii imipossible to reconcile his con- -
science with his~instructions, and has re- r
signed, r ather than obey them. If he had l
not been insdiructed he would probably t
have voted for the bill.
The immediate effect ofMr. Haywood 'si
rsgnation is to-thrrowv the entire respon-c
ibility for the passage of the bill on Mr.t
Jarnagin. Mr.. J. would be willing to
obey his instrudtions, though he disap- I
proves of the bill, bitt by his single vote,e
he may not be willig to obey his instruc I
tions, though he disapprofves of the bill, lI
but by his single vote, he may not be wvil- fi
lng to defeat his party on this great ques-a
lion and give a signal triumph to the oppo a
site party. Mr. H-aywood's seat will bie
immediately filled by the appointment of
a whig senator by a whig governor. q
The friends of..the tariff bill were de- ri
reated in their desigeus to take the question ft
last evecitig by'the resigniation of...Mr. t
Mr. Webster gave notice, of his in.ten- a
'ion~,o move that: thte bill be postpotied 'till .j<
ha e naespio. Iii i hanaht Ale. Jar- c
agin will vote for this motion. We shall nc
oon see. pt
The Elouse was engaged on private bills. in
dost of the members were in the Senate it
Nhamber. Mr. Webster spoke for about it
our hours against the tariff hill. After' C
come lengthened introductory remarks, pi
to proceeded to examine the hill -firstly, c.
is a measure levying all duties ad valo- ip
Secondly. in its effcts on certain inter- vi
sts heretofore supposed to be protected by S
former laws G
Thirdly, in its effects upon the naviga- d
lion and commercial interests of the coun- it
And fourthly, in its effects on the gen- r
eral industry, employment and labor ol a
the country. A
Mr. W.occupied the greater part of the T
time, during wlich he addressed the Sen- a
ate to day. in discussing the second branch a
of his subject. lie dwelt at great length a
on the effects of the bil! on the iron and e
coal trade, and strenuously contended that ti
the measure would be entirely destruc- c
tive of these interests. .
At-four o'clock, without concluding, Mr
Webster gave way to a motion, by Mr. i. r
Johnson, that the Senate adjourn.
Mr. Lewis demanded the yeas and nays I
upon the motion, which were ordered,
and' being taken, resulted, yeas 27, nays I
Correspoadence of the Charleston Courtr. C
July 29. t
The Tariff bill, after another day of un- t
common excitement. has passed the St-ti s
ate. It passed with a slight amendment, t
striking out the 9th section. The House e
will undoubtedly occur in the amendment, fI
when the bill will need only the signature t
of the President to become a law. I
The Committee on Finance, of the Sen
ate, reported back the bill yesterday, with t
a emotion to he discharged from the in- c
structitns. This movement saved the bill. t
Mr. Lewis, Mr. 13entnn and Mr. Speight i
all concurred in the opinion that the in. t
sttuctions could not be complied with du
ring the remaining days of the session, and s
that the bill must be taken as it was, or re- i
Mr. Evans and Mr It. Johnson, of the I
mipority of the Committee, expressed a
The qnestion was submitted to the Sen
ate as a test of its idtention to pass the
Mr. Jarnagin, at this point, felt it to be I
hi, duty to himself. as be said, and to his I
co'urtry, to put an "nd to this state of I
things. He now said it was imptssihie
to ;ttnend the bill, and lie would not take
such a course as would defeat it. Ile had
voted lor the instructions in good faith ;
but under present circutmstanccs,he shouldt
vote to discharge the commititee. He had,
at one time, intended to vote for a post
ponentent of the tnecasure till next session;
bit he had abandoned that intention, for
the reason that it would hold out the delu
sire idea to the people that the bill would
then he defeated. I'ut, should Congress,
at the next session, disapprove of the bill,
they could arrest it before it had been as
month in operation.
As thi-s ws a party measure, he did not
wish it to pass by a whig vote. You,
Mr. President, said he, represented all the
S.tates.atinItt ?one.. ou who repre-.
rent ic cem . rtef f- id6iTdO iou
leave the duty of maintain ing its interests I
and carrying out its measttres- I shall i
obey my instructions, after the Vice Pres- a
ident has had an opportutity to give his I
Trhesc remarks created a general sensa
tiot in the Ctthmbr. The fatte tof the hill
wa~s seent to be fixed. It appeared that
Mt. D~allats e' as not uupr'epared for thetc
eme'rgettcy, fatr wheni hte voted lie had writ
ten paper'before htttm, with his reasons.gs
The committee was dlischtarged-yeas 2S
Mr. Jarntagini retired and had nothine
tmore tto do with the matter, till the Vic'
Pesidenit badl acted.
Mr'. Rt..Joht~son moved to refer the hill
to a Special Commit tee, with inist ruc'tiont;
bunt this failed-27 to 27, thte Vice Presie
dent votitng no. t
Mr. WVebster's motion to strika outt thed
9th seetion was carried by aid of Mr. Betn. a
Some very brtilliant passages took place e
dtrintg the day, betweent Mir. Webster andtI
Mtr. McLuflie--hotht becoming warmedn
into eloquentce. .
Atmendme-nts were olTered, and ably ~
s~ported by Mr. Sitmmons and Mr. Niles, U
but Mr. Crittetnden said lie would vote for si
no mere ametttmetnts.
l'The wh'igs genoerally, wished the hill to ii
pass ais it wa~s, if it ptassed at all.
'rho quecstion was put on the engross- q
ment of' the bill, and there appeared yeas II
27, nays 27. t
The Vice President then rose and spoke ai
as follows :it
"TPhe Senate being eqtually divided on ec
his itmportant questioni. I may tie inidtged c'
it bri.'fly stetting the pincipal reusonts for U
he vote I am requiretd by the constitution tI
o give. '
*-Excluded from any participation in el
'oring or modifying the bill, I tin bound cc
o sainction or condemitt it exactly i the t,
lha1e in which it stand-. The responsi- ft
ility is dee ply felt. It belongs, however, Je
the office assigned to me by my fellow- ei
:itizens, arid wit' be assumed with frank- at
es, attd, I hope. nt untteetning firm- Ci
ess. Thie conisequence of my decision, ilh
:ither way, may seriously affect thte coutn- o
ry. No one can entertaiti, as to that, a p1
>rofoutder solicit ude. But after summrion- it
ng to my aid the best lights that I can til
ommatid, the consequences, be what St
hey may, must be hazarded. to
"Tne system for.obtaiuing the revenue de
ecessry to support'their govertnenttis ur
stablised, directly or indirectly, by the of
cople of the United States, within the in
mite, and agreeably to the prescr'ibed
armsof the constitution. Whatever is ea
scerained to be rh.-ir will ot the subject, or
I should undoubtetdly acquiesce in. 'ITiat
ere are knownt anid ap~proved modes by in
bich their will is expressed, canniot lie
estioned;~ and the public olicer who
ads that with candor and integrity, may so
el assured that he conforms to the insti- Bi
jtions of his mno mntry, when he tmakes it qu
ie guide of hise conduct. To my, mitnd ga
tple proof has been furuisht,ed that a ma- Pt
irity of the peop~te ofithe States desire to S1
t fundamentally, the systefn heretofore
irsued in assessing the dutidason-foreigii et
sports. That majority has manifested' =
self in various ways, and -is attested by .1
representatives int the other house of
ongress. by whom this bill has been ap- 1
-oved, and whose votes undeniably indi- I
te the popular sense in the large propor
rn of eighteen out' of the twenty eight
tares. In this Senate an analysis of the i
ate before me discloses that while six
taes (Ohio. Virginia. Newv HJanpshire. t
eorgia, licligat and Maine) are equally ,t
ivided, eleven, (Louisiana, Pennsylva
in. Delaware. Kentucky, Mmtisachusetts, r
few Jersey, Rhode Island, Connecticut. r
laryland, North Carolina and Vermont)
re against. & eleven (Arkansas, Missouri,
Labanma, Illinois, Indiana, S. Carolina, t
lew York, Texas, Tennessee & Florida) t
re for the change. Peculiarly situated
s I am in my relation to the national le- S
islature, these impressive facts cannot be t
ve.looked. In a case free from constitu
onal objection, I -could not justifiably
ounteract, by a sort of official veto.- the
"The struggle to exert without abate
nent the constitutional power of taxation
u such a manner as to protect by high diu- t
eson imports niany of the productions of t
or own soil and labor from the competi
ion of other countries, has endured for
nore than thirty years. During that pe
iod a system of high taxation h:s prevail
d with fluctuations of success and failure.
t is as vigorously and exacittagly insisted
pon now as ever; and indeed it would
een in some instances, as if the longer
he advantage of a particular tax was
njnyed, the stronger became the desire
nr its continuance, and even its augmen
ation. And yet it ought to be remetnbered
hat this exercise of the taxing power by
vhich the great mass of consumers fare
nade to swell the profits of a few branches
f industry, was originally intended to be
emporPry, to be continued only so lIongas
ts continuance was necessary to the in
lustrial independence and safety of the
vhole people Such was the language,
uch the inculcation, the spirit, in which it
vas proposed and justified by its earliest
smd wisest friends. The design was to
osser feeble "infant" manufactures, espe
-ially such is were essential to the defence
it' the country in the time of war. In this
le.ign. the people have persevered until.
Svii some. but not weighty exceptions,
hese saplings have taken deep root, have
ecome vigorous, expanded. and power.
'ul, an. are prepared toshare the common
ot of human pursuits. and to enter with
:onfidencc she field of free, fair and uni
"The arrival of the period of time, long
promised, has been anxiously looked for
lty a large andjustly respected portion of
cur fellow citizens, who deemed them.
selves peculiar and aulm-rost exclusive suffer
-rs by the policy of protection. They have
sometimes- perhaps inprudenly--endea
vored to anticipate ii. Their numbers, at
lirst cntitled to inflnence only from their
patriotism and intelligentce, have gone ou
gradually increasintg a, the system ripened
to its fruit, and now constitute what I am
bound by registered facts to regard as a
lecided majority of the people and of the
'"It is uadouhtelly true that -this c'nrige
)f finauial arrangethent. brought about. by
pgijlic opinin, tch ich ever jiheie:ought
o .guide and ' iflucnce sta1usnilen,"'sholif
sverheless, be characterised by modera
ion, nay, by scrupulous tenderness for
hose interests of our !slow-citizens that
ire to be affected by it. The legislation
vhich encouiraged their investments, their
iducatiounal training, or their habits,should
:ease, finally atnd lirmaly, if required, but
till soothingly and getly, anid hence I
niay lbe pardoned Ior expressing a regrei
hat certain pirovisionis which, int their
searing seem to me trenchanit and sudd~en
teyod the calls oft he occasiotn, have beets
Ilowed to remain as parts of ibis bill.
Vere it in moy power to except these pire
'isions from the operation of may vote. I
rou ld do so; but viewed as a whole, as a
seasure to ace u~no-ate a vast and imlri
ate sutiject ti) the prevailing scentiment of
he American people, to reduce the bur
ens artificially imposed ..pnn the labsorinig
nil productive mnarses, and to recoticile di
iinishied restritien of trade wish increase
ontributionts fro'i it, I caninot resist the
inpression' -that the buill is more equal.,
iore tempered, and tnore just than the act
f 184I2, whieb it supersedes. That deals
rithsomse pusuirs atnd resources of my
ative- Commsonwealth less kinidly thtanr
te might well expect. does not relieve me
om my duty, but Only makes i's perfor-t
isnce personally reluctantly painful. s
"Iin aid of thebe cotisideratious, ade
uate, perhaps, in themselves to control
i) vote, there is atiother whlich I am free
conifess. nothing but an unaferseen, sheer
ad pressinig public necessity could ever
duce mue to fouregn or forget. In strict
nu.rd with the lertter and spirit of the
>nstitutioni, the Vice President of the
nited States, now called upon to act, is
e direct agent and representative of the
tiole people. 'In advance, and depend- d
it upon contingenit restults, it is perfectly
mpetent to this, his national cotnsist ency, i
give instructliotns, and to receive pledgesc
r thetr execution. On this identiesl sub- d
ct of a tariffof duties on imports. what- ti
Per may have been the course of local
dcasual incopsistency, my own honor
in admit of no disclaimer of instructions ~
at were formerly announiced. and my ~
vin good faith stands inviolably to a d
edge voluntrrily given. If by thus acts b
g it 'ae my misfortune to offend any por
mn of those who honored me with their ri
fIrages, I have only to say to them, and
my wvhole country, that I prefer the
epest obsdurity of private life, with an
wounded conscience, to tbe glare of
Eicial emninenace, spotted by a. sense of
The presiding ofli er having given' the a
sting vote in the affirmsative, tho bill was r
dered to a third readinig.
Mr. Niles then made a speech upon his
otion to postpone, but was rejected.
Trhe bill was finally passed. as follows : d
Yeas-Messrs. Allen. Ashley, A tchin. a
n. Atherton, Bagtsy, Benton, lireese, ti
-ighst. Calhoun, Cass, tChalmers, Col- d
it. Dickinson, Dix, Fairfild. Hanne- '~
n, lHouston, Jarnagin, Lewis, McDuffie, l
annybacker, Rusk, 'Semple, Sevier, h
,eighte 'Tnr-ay. Waeoan ulel..- f
Neys-Messrs.. Archer,. iprunv.-lUm
r, Cameron, -Cilley. John M. Clayton.
'homas Clayton, Corwin, Crittenden.
ayis; Dayton, Evans, Greene, Hunting.
u,.Johuson of Louisiana, Johnsot ofMd;
hijigum, Miller, Morohead,Niles.Pearce;
helps, Simmons, Stur;eont -Uphain,
Vebster, and Woodhridge-27. - .
The democratic Senators, audimore-ee-.
ecially those af the Sunb, ar e ,grat y.,
leased with i esult. After an opposi-,
ou 10 the system of twenty .fiteyears,.
lay have at length triumphed.
In the House, as soon as iiie journal was'
ead. the Speaker announced that the Ta
ill hill was received from the-Senate.
Mr. McKay moved a c'airof'the House,
ind it was ordered and proceeded with,.
intil 211 members answered'to their
After numerous motions, and co. ior
ible discussion the House concurred in
he amendment of the Senate steikTage'
gut the 9th section of the bill, by a vote
if yeas 115. nays 92.
A fter an ineffectual motiotr to re' canai
ler the vote, the Clerk was directed to in
'orm the Senate that the atnendmentihad'
Peen concurred in. So the bill requires..
mnly the signatures of tbe Presideot. totbe
!one a law. -
EDGEFIELD C. H.
WEDNESDAY, UGUsT 5. 18-16
.Mechanics Washingtonian Socicty.-Tbe-Me
:hanics Washingtonian Society. will bold its
-egular Meeting, on Monday evening. next,
i Speaker has been procured for the occasion,
and an interesting Address may be expected.
rhe public are respectfully invited to attend.
And as it is expected that the Band will - play
,ome of the favorite tunes. it is hoped the La
lies will not forget to turn out.
We have received froni Mr. Sr~atxoaa
WATSos, of this District, a handsome sample -
if new Cotton. It is the hrst which'wc Have
House struck bb Lightning.-On Tuesday
evening the 2Sth tilt., there fell at this place, a
heavy shower; accompanied by thunder and
lightning. The store house occupied by Mr.
Con was struck by lightning, but very little
damage was done. The elder Mr. Cohn was
standing very near the place where t!'e electri'r
flnid discharged itself, but providentially.es
Correction -In nt last, giving a4ist of the'
iew British M inisny, the star-should-have been
put attlhe name of Lord Jon it usil,thefritne
'.lfeary fin -:Dirtng.the past weeepious;
shwoes pf rei fell tt variots
liistde~t:(i I'rlinv eveninfilastve.'
rain fell utthis place, and in.the neighbor- '
hood . The torn crop was much bqee1tted by
Oil Monday there svas - also a- considerable
all of rain at this place. . - .
Passage of thse Tarif.-Our. readers ii
perceive, that the Tariff-Bill has finally passed
>oth Houses of Congress, -and it is-probably
ow the law of the land.
Udcey's Patent Strato Cuuer.-WVe ba've soon
rery highI recommenetdati'ons of the above Straw
siter, froma distinguished agrie~ultmaligentle
set, of several States, among whomn anight be
inmentioned Gomv. Swain, of North Carolina,
r.M Dessausure and Gen. Cante'y, of Sontli
Jarolina; Dr. Fort, and Gent. Sanford, of'
LGeorgia ; amnd Judges Goldthwait,atnd Martin,
if Alabama, M1any of our most practical far
ners of this place unite in pronouncing it the
neust perfect instrtument of the kind, that they
lae seetn ;-and from the simplicity of its con
trmaction, nto doutbt it is well adapted fur the.
oigh tan sds of our plantation negroes. Trhe
ight for mnaking and vending this Machine,
as been purchased by some enterprising gen
lemen of our village, and we take pleasure in,
rying-that the Mlachines which they have
old, are now in successful operation.
The scarcity nf provender, should not fail to
ach us economy in feeding stock,-:aad to
ractice this lesson with ease and pileasure, we
a ust resort to cut food, after the manner of'our
ore experienced neighbors-tbe Tennesuseans
Couton.-Our Hamburg correspondent uin
er date of the 1st inst. says:- -
"During the week past, we have hatd a good
e~nand for this article, in fact, themarket was,
n Wednesday andThursday~wbatue consi
r brisk, yesterday and to-day it-is less anitna
d, yet prices are not in t'he'l4ist didophng.
e there fore give as extremues 6 to7i.eten!a
les 65 to 7j coats. We'- have had a good
any loads uf Cotton in withinj'tlie'jrat~ew
ays, the shipments have also bcen lit'ge both'
y reai.road and river. . --
Provisions.-Inm Flour there hasbleena earge
ceipt by wamgouns,.mnost of which hairlieen
dd at rates rsnging from $3 50 to.$i 50.
'arn is scarce, and -brings 70 to 75 centr.
tacon has become scarce, ad brings9dAnts,
ron stores, a cood artirlb wouild iing8 ti8A
enis froma wagosis, hog round? arji is also
rrce at 9 to 10 cents. We hve inaS
tins of hate, and our river is in good Ataboat
A wooman fogging lier A d:ban bila-'
alphia paper recently coaptiped etgn 4Pf0O
wroman wvho had be'en ogl~'r a
stes for agging, herduad Tfeaelsr
id lot believe, the stitai~ ti'w re
re hiive no'douib& butl aef~h
le'as.~ The citizenao Phila'delp; ,sitld
ave vpted:tlhe lady aasubstaatial bzoonmstiilder -
rt rate horse whip; ili whaipt consbt fer.
er half, instead of sending..bet zeliW