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We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our L:iberies inust fallwe will Perish amidst the Ruins"
VLJIKE XI. art 114h 88.
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From the Boston Atlas.
A GEM FROM FANNY FORESTER.
We extract, from the proof-sheets of
Alderbrook, now in press, by Ticknor &
Co., the following touching stanzas, writ
ten to her mother, by Mrs. Judson. pre
vious to her voyage from this port, a few
Give me my old seat, Mother,
With my head upon thy knee;
I've passed through many a changing scene,
Since thus I sat by thee.
Oh ! let me look into thine eyes
Their meek, soft, loving lig'it
falls like a glean of holiness,
Upon my heart, to night.
I've not been long away. Mother;
Few suns have rose and set
Since last the tear-drop on thy cheek
My lips in kisses met.
'Tis but a little time, I know.
But very long it seems,
Though every aight I caue to thee,
Dear mother, in my dreams.
'Ihe world has kindly dealt. Mother,
By the child thou lov'st so well:
Thy prayers have circled round her path;
And 'twas their holy spell
Which made that path so early bright;
Which strewed the roses there ;
Which gave'the light and cast the balm
On every treath of air.
en iii,, new budsPof hoec
Ate hurrting at my feet.
Oh ! Mother! life may be R dream;
Beat if such dreams ate given.
While at the portal= thus we stand,
What are the truths of HIeaven
I hlar a happy heart. Mofhei;
Yet, when fund eves 1 ceo.
And hear soft tones and winning words,
I ever think of thee.
And then, the tear any spirits weeps
Unhiddeen tills my eye ;
And, like a homeless dove, I long
Unto thy breast to fly.
Ten, I am very sad, Mother,
I'm very sad and lone ;
Olh! there's no heart whose inmost fold
Opes to me like thy own !
Though sunny smiles wreathe blooming lips,
While love tones meet my ear ;
My Mother. one fend glance of thtire'
Were thousand times more dear.
Then with a closer clasp, Mother,
Now hold me to thy heart ;
I-d feel it beating 'gainst mmae ownc,
Once more, befere we part.
And Mother, to this love-lit spot,
When I am far away,
Come oft-too oft thon canst not come !
And Cr thy darling pray.
The'Greenville Mountaineer 'of ihe 11th
inst. says:-The Hon. John C. Calhoun.
in company with his wife and daughter.
arrived in Greenville on Wednesday
evehing last, awl left the same~ night iu
the Stage for his residence i'nI'endleton.
It will doubtless gratify the frietids of this
distinguished gentleman to learu, that he
returns home in excellent health and
sepiri:s, after his lung and arduous labors
in the late session.
Lagal Wight.-The following table of
the number of pounds allo~wed to the
bushel of different grains &c.,.may be a
convenient reference to many:
Wheat. 60 ; beans. 60 ; clover seed, 60 ;
potatoes. 60 ; rye. 56 ; corn, 56; flasseed'
56 ; onions, 57 ; buckwheat seed. 52 ; sait
60 ; barley 48 ; castor beans. ~66 ; hemp
seed, 44 ; timothy seed, 45; oaas, 24;
brata, 20 ; blue grass seed, 14 ; dried pea.
ches, 33; dried apples, 12; stone coal, 70
.Babies.-"A babe in a house, says Top
per. "is a well spring of pleasure, a mes
senger of peace and love, a, restitg flac~
Sfor innocetnce on earth, a link betweet
angels and men."..
We have always been in favor of babules
hut of ten doubted the propriety of havin;
too many in one family. This paragraph
however, removes all our doubts on. the
stubject, and we can now aay to all if you
wish to etnjoy a tasle of alpaven upot~
carth," get a house full of baies..,.s
A Delicate ComplimeZn.Sibin 'bein1
asked byna lady why it wans reported dhu
there were more women in the worlf tht
tnen, he replied :"It is in contformfity wit
t he arranigement.of ature, madam ; w
-aays see more. of heaven thban .earth,.
One of the greatest crimes of the clerg,
is s4i0 to COnsisti ID eglecting to de Doune
in the most pointed terms the sin of~cientia
COMMERCIAL TlMbs OFFICE.
New Orleans. Sept. 9, 1846.
lAtss of THE STEAwit' NAw YORK
SEVENTEEN LIVES LOST!!
The steamship Galveston, Capt. Wright,
just arrived from Galveston, brings the
melancholy information of the loss of the
steamship New York, on the 7th inst., in
a severe gale from the N. E. We sub
join the account furnished by Capt.
Phillips,seventoen persons were drowned.
including twelve passengers and five of
the crew; the survivors were picked up by
Loss of the Steamship New York, Capt.
John D. Phillips. Sailed from Galveston
for New Orleans at 4 o'clock, P. M., on
Saturday, the 5th. inst. At 10. 30 P. M.,
Sunday morning, finding the wirnd lulled
in a great nieasure; We weighed anchor
and proceeded on our course. At 11, 20.
the wind increased, and finding that she
made no headway against the wind and
sea we came to anchor in ten fathoms
water. At I the wind increased and
blew a perfect gale from the North and
East, a tremendous sea from N. E. At
12 (midnight,) vie commenced dragging
our anchor, fired up strong; and got all
steam and tried to keep her up to her
anchorage. At 2 A. M. Monday, .he 7th
the wind hauled to S. W., and bore her
in the trough of the sea, slipped ;'ie cable
and set the jib with the hope of getting
before the wind; the jib split almost im
mediately after being. set, and a very
heavy sea struck her laboard gunnel car
rying it away and strained the boat so
much as to cause her to leak considerable.
We let go best Bower, and veered away
to seventy-five fathoms, in hopes to bring
her head to sea, but owing to the violence
of the wind, we found she would not do
so. At 4 A. M., in a heavy squall, car
ried away smoke-pipe and lifted the
promenade deck, stove in the starboardI
guard and wheel-house. causing the boat
to leak in such a mannet as to extinguish
the fires in the furnace ; all hands em
ployed in bailing out with the buckets.
and the pumps kept going with hope of
keeping her afloat until the wind and sea
moderated, but found it of no avail, for at
6 A. M. she went down in ten fatho-ns
water-the wind blawin- a perfect hurri
.., - u tt ps, ap
maii; Daniel.Phillips, Clerk; James D.
Phillips. Mate; Gen. Minor Engineer ;
Edw'd Conrey, Steward; John Conrey,
Cook; M. Murphy, Peter L. Leases, Sea
men; Win. Johnston, James Palmer, Goo.
Saimways, Eiward Murphy, Firemen;
Win. Larkin, Sarah - Chamhermni'l;
Peter alnran; Win. Courey, 2d Cook; T.
Passengers Saved.--Mrs. Follett, Tr.
W. House, Judae Toler, McCormick, Jr.,
N. Stakes, Dr. Ponaans. Reppad, Capt.
'od. Smithis, J. W. White. Cahn, Ger
man, G. W. Goody, McCafferty, Shepard,
W. J. Hutchins. lefferman, Clermont.
Passengers Lost and Missing.-Mrs.
Wilson and two children; Miss Follett,
three chilldren of Mrs, Follet's A. H.
McCormick; Wm Armstrong; one cabin
passenger and two deck, names unknown.
Crew lost and Missing.-Phineas M arsh,
2d engineer; Charles Wilson. searnan.
John Grogard, fireman; James Watson, 2d
steward; Wm. McRea, fireman; one sea
man, name unknown.
Correspondence of the Picayune.
CAMARGO, Mexico, Aug. 17.
Editors of the Picayune :-I have already
I observed that the present will hereafter
be regarded as an important epoch in the
history of the war. The army is hero
brought together, and is, at this moment
on the eye of~ making the first movement
and for the first time in our history, to the
iterior of an enemy's country. There is
every reason to believe that a battle wil
soon he fought, and a bloody one at that.
It may turn out otherwise, but I can
assure you that this is the belief artd ex
petation of the best informed offiers-in
fact, ef nearly all.
This evening Gen. Taylor reviewed
the regular troops. Thi.. was the largest
body of regular troops that has ever been
brought togetherer sinc'e the last wvar,
there being about thirce thousand on the
field. The scene was beautiful beyond
description-beautiful, not because of any
display of gaudy uniforms, for every officer
and man, was in 'sundress," of every day
[workingl attire-but beauiiful in conse
quence of the precision and promptitude
with which every order was executed.
There were six regiments of infantry, onie
artillery battalion acting as infantry, and
twvo batteries of light artillery. The Gen
eral, of course, received a salute from the
latter. These two batteries are com
manded by Dunt~an and Bragg, two as
fine officers as the service contains- The
th Infantry, under Captain Miles, which
is encamped in thepiaza, marched down
and joined in the review. This a splen
(id regiment, and is in the most perfect
state of disciplin~e. It will be remembered
thetIbeo 7ih was in the battle of New Or
leas,'arid distinguished itself there. Its
pesdat officers, though not many of then'
personally acquainted with him, frequent.
1 l steak with great respect of MI ajor Ptere,
of New Orleani;, who commanded the
l egiment at the battles before and on ihe
8th of January.
" Genu'ITayfor kiokedtbetter to-day that
I evitnvy hhWlook befores H e was 01
his war horse, - ikiU. h rode ili ianori
grace thabi'umuslrand 'hiieoat and foragt
cm i wrrea ao a! -ie JNier h affort
stranger would not ha ve been stirprited,
as some are, when told that they saw
before them the -hero of the glorious 8th
and 9th. The more I see of General
Taylor the more am 1 impressed with the
conviction that he is the man of ex-raordi
nary ability, and the very man to occupy
the place he does.
The regulars who are to operate
agaidst Monterey, or rather that portion
of the army on the Rio Grande, have
been recognized as follows.
Gen. Twigg's Cornrand.-First Divi
sion-3d brigade, composed of 3d and 4th
infantry, commanded by Col. Gardland ;
4th brigade, composed of Ist and 2d infan
try,?under C'l. Riley, regular cavalry, and
Captain Ridgeley's battery of light' ar
Gen. Worth's Cornmand.-Second Di
vision.-1st brigade composed of the ar
tillery battalion, acting as infan'ry, and
the 8th infantry : 21 brigade, composed
ofthe 5th and 7th infantry; Duncan's
battery, and Capt. Banchard's company
of Louisiana volunteers attached to this
division.-This is a bigh honor to Capt.
Blanchard and to his company.
I should have remarked that Col. P. F.
Smith, of the newly made mounted rifle
men (regulars) appeared in the review to
day, in command of the 2d1 brigade.
This command he will retain during the
war. Alajor Saniford, in anticipation of
his promotion, has been assigned to the
command of the 8th infantry, his place in
5th being filled by Capt. Martin Scott.
The first brigade will march day after
to morrow, 19th, in the direction of Mon
terey. They will establish a depot on the
Mier route, at Seralvo, about sixty miles
distant from Catnargo. Two companies
of Capt. Wood's regiment of Texan horse
will accompany the brigade, to escort the
train of pack mules on their return to this
place. The whole of Gen. Worth's divi
sion will be in motion in the course of the
CAMARGO, Mexico, Aug. 28.
Editors of the Picayune.-Since my
last communication, news has reached
headquarters of a nature well calculated
to excite the feelings of the army and to
cause every one to look with great auxte
ty for news from Washin-gtn. You have
no doubt received this intelligence ere
it- ad41 is
3ure, I seu.l you a translation of a hand
bill, one copy of which reached here yes
Terlay, from the city of Mexico.
[Here follows an account of the revolu
tion in the city of Mexico, dated the 6th
inst., which we need not give.]
The boat Rough and Ready is off. I
have only time to add that Gen. Taylor
will start next Saturday week for Monte
rey, that being determined or..
INw ORLEANS, Sept. 8.
REVOLUTION IN TAlBASCO
The Yucatan schooner Fernando, Capt.
Pinson, arrived at this port yesterday from
Campeachy having sailed on the 30tb
August. She brought us no papers nor
any verbal news of interest from Yucatan.
A letter from Laguna, dated as far back
as the 3d of August, makes mention of the
arrival there of the U. S. brig Somers, for
water and provisions. She ittimediately
departed, her commander giving an intima
tion that Tabasco would be speedily block
aded, unless peace were brought about be
tween the United States and Mexico.
From Tabasco the news by this arrival
is of some slight importance. On the 12th
of August the garrison stationed at Sas
Juan Bautista declared against the gov
ernmemt of Paredes and itn favor oif Santa
Anna. We are indebted to a coraimercial
htouse for a copy of the "Acts," signed by
Gen. Juan Butista Traconis anid other ofl
cers of the garrison. It is not wvor th .tranzs
lating, but we limay say of it tbat it follows
fusnished by Santa Anna (rom~ HIavana.
The evils of the country are attributed te
the overthrow of the constitution of 181%
and to the successive factions which have
since usurped the place of a free govern.
meat. The monarchical designs of Pa.
redes are denounced as offensive to the
nation and as threatening the destructiorl
of the army. Six articles are then adopted
of the following tenor : The first repudi
ate's' the Congress summoned by Paredes,
the second calia for~ a- Congress, the mem
here of which are to be elected in pursuance
of the law of 1824 ; the third provides foi
the assemblind of Congress within fon1
months ; the fourth gtuarantees the existanci
of the army ; the fifty denounces any op
position to the Congress to be called or h<
the constitution- which it may adopt ; anc
the sixth proclaims Getn. Santa Anna to bi
the chief of the revolution, antI calls hirr
to take the command im-nediately upor
his arrival.- Ia this last article there is nt
implied censcre upon the former condue
of Santa Anna, and in this it dsffers froa
all the pronunciamentos we have seen madi
in the other Departments. As. they knet
wvell at Tabasco that thte revolution it
Mexico, Puebla and Vera Crtsz 'voul'
restose Santa Anna to power, we suppos
they made this omission as their amehd'f'o
declaring so late for him.
- From the N. 0. Picayune, 10th instine.
FeRTBen PARTICULARs oF TEEZ Loss o:
-u TINy.* YORK.- --
We have had along'con~er5-satonWit
Judge Toletr, who'was one of the passes
gers on the Ne w York,-and the account h
.gave us of- -the. wreek ad of- the'presbi
Kvation of those who uscaped deathwas es
trxeselysinteresting.- Th:e above'statemut
mtade4?nth~elerkr isitonfirmed bsl'itir
sav'inK inimpotCant particular rela
tingto loss of one of the boats. The
ap .of the Galveston certaialy ap
pears t ave been providential. Had
she left, or usual hour in the afternoon,
sherwoul hve -passed the scene of the
wrdek id e night, and the chances are
(that she, ald not have discovered it.
Happily e left Galveston in the forenoon,
and: ba herself felt something of the
violence" the gale and then noticed por
lions ofa ' eck floating at intervals, eve.
ry body- board was on the look out, and
the sumo rs of the New York descried
upon th arious rafts formed of portions
of the wr . spars, &c.
As fast a possible all were rescued,
Capt. Wi bthnmanely exerting himself
first to sa tiose whose support appeared
most frail:; It. requiers but a moment td
write of , but it was the work of hdure.
The ps ingers speak warmly of the
kind'ness prudence of Ctpt. Wright,
as well'as f Capt. Smyptdn, a Galveston
pilot, who as on board.
The N-' York resisted the unexam
pled viol of the gala much longer
than could" ave been expected. and sank
very grade lly. A little before she went
down, the., otion of the boat as she fell
over her -s e edused her bell to strike
a single- s~ ke-be knell, as it were, of
the noble sp. Capt. Phillips was calm
and dete' ned throughout the dreadful
scene, T passengers were apprised of
their dan etimes. and the men amongst
them'joidw the crew of the vessel and
labored I and wearily in the execution
of the orde -of' the captain, who availed
himselfofe cry resource to keep his ship
afloat, and ve the lives of those on board
when the er Is came. The scenes in the
ladies' cab' were of he most agonizing
descriptio but it is idle to dwell upon
It issup ed that from 30 to 40,000
dollars-in g ,silver and bank notes were
lost in the y 1,belongiug in part to pas
sengers, b principally consigne i here.
There wer a goods in the hold of the
vessel. The ptain lost from two to three
thousand w h,he had in cash on board.
Some draf~ n the Post Office Depart
meut for ut the same amount. Wrere
lost, but-no her inconvenience than de
lay will r ; t from this.
Washingta'let tersannou nce the death by
suicide of Mr. McConnell,' member of
Congress from Alabama. The corres
pondent of the Baltimore Sun has the
fulluwing account of it
Washington, September 9, 1846.
The telegraph will have apprised you
of the melancholy suicide of the Hon. F.
McConnell. The newssent a thrill of hor
ror through the community, and crowds
eagerly hurried to the body which but a
short tine ago was bounding with the
pulses of lire. - Oh, Intemperance ! ho'w
numerous are thy victims.
It appears that the deceased teruminated
his existence by deliberately cutting the
jugular veins on each side of his throat,
and by inflicting deep wounds in his sides
with a knife. Two of the stabs were per
pendicular. The others glanced off from
the bones, and made frightful gashes.
His friends say that for about a week past
he had relinquished drinking, owing to in
disposition, and that the ubsence of his
usual stimulus caused great despondency.
He was in fact suffering the horrors of de
lirium tremens. lie could not, as has
been stated, been in great want of money,
for I am told that he had not drawn his
mileage. In addition to this he had his
watch an'd valuable jewelry on his person,
bsides a -sunI of money. A short time
before he committed the deed, he called
for pen and ink, for the purpose it is sup
posed of writing' to his wife. A coroner's
iuest was held on the body, at hiC room
at the St. Charles Hotel, and a verdict
was rendered in accordance with the facts.
IT. S. Sld p Columbus--Raages of ike
Ctera.-A letter' from' on board this
vessel, dated Hong Kong, China; April
"I suppose that you have heard long
before this, that the cholera haa 'ieen on
board of us ; and has swept off many of
our young crew. Just imagine me one
moment talking with my merry shipmates,
and, in two or three .hours more, called to
witness them in the arms of that fell ty
rant, D~eath.' But as you oftimes told me
that God is every whee, s''now I' have
reaotr to thinlr so. I htaie witnessed a
seblhitt' n everusladl forget as long as I
live. We sailed' rroin'Jacilla, one' of tho
Phillipitle Islands- iWe arrived there in
one day;-the next day wve had tvrelve men
dead by cholr#.- Tirdoet'or seeibg the
dagrordered'thle ship t'o leave again for
this place ; and ,from ibe-time we mede
sail until four dajs at sea,';he boatsman
at every hour calling that melancholy
summons, 'fall hands to bury the dead !
Sometnets-to the enumber of five corpe
at a time were: brought up- and launched
ibto' their deep and - Watery grave. God
h ave mercy upon their-souls ! The dys
enta-rf, that dteadftildise'ae in this cli
mate, is on-boerd -oo the ship; and the
Vicentes sloop of.s~t~ has lost' nearly al
lif erew by the samtadisase. I am' nott
on the lit ot -siekt'andelvery' bad."
-lTridAi.--A cotemporary justly observei
...Alin-st the veryWatst thbing that-ean bh
- said -of-a mani that bonhas'no en'emies.- Ie
a nyouay undertake-to speak the truth, bu
for-a single doy; and hiis enemies will mul
- tily llmithe dropsof~ the morning. 'I
dneesigestlietthO 'ssfety citbe -ti
In Various Ages and Various Coumiris.
The Hebrews were a peculiar people, in
all respects, and not least so id a matri
monial view. The obligations devolving
upon the Israelitish juveniles, before. at
tamining to the joys of connubiality, were
emphatically pecilier, For instance, when
Isaac desired a wife for himself, fIs fatlier
sent Elizur, his servant, to court a bride
for him. Isaac did not say, "I will make
myself beloved of a maiden ; I must en
tertain her with fine discourses and offer
engaging presents; I must incessantly
praise he' beauty; I must odly go by
night to see her; when a thing is known
oa third person it never succeeds;"-not
at all-neither he nor his father knew Re
bebcs. But when Elizur made his pro
posals, Laban, her brother, asked het if
he would go with the man! and she an
wered, 'I will go." We see that love
was not consulted in this case ; this mar
riage das rather a bargain between Abra
ham and Rebecca. Nor wad it ettstodh
try for the affections to rule, there being
t often-times no consultation between the
parties. It was usual for women to be
eourted by proxy. Thus, Sechem, though
strongly moved to love Dinah, did not
fisclose it in the bosom of his beloved, bat
made advantageous offers to he- btoihers.
Ask me ever so much dowry, and I will
;ive accordingly as you will say tUnto me."
lacob, however, made idnovation upon
his custum, and visited Rachael himself;
le drew near and kissed her and lifted up
is voice and wept. Jacob made dnother
advance upon the times. We Hlave said
hat lave had but little to do with their
varriages; wites were regarded as a spe
:ies of gfaves, and not at all as compan
ons; hence "filthy lucre" was the cb'erui
which ruled the marriage ties. Affection
ind sentiment gave Iplace to gold and
foods. But Jacob was a sentimental lover,
and when he found that he bad not the
reasure equal to the price set upon
Rachel. he condescended to purdllage her
ay servitude, and manifested disappoint
ment when (lre terrder-eyed Leah was
faithlessly imposed upon him instead of
the beautiful Rachael.
it has been a custom, in all times, for
the-declaration of love to fall upon he
man. Whether this is proper or not, long
usgbas given. it -an autborit not to he
cepions to this' ruld.
An Israelitishi widow hdd by Idw the
power of claiming in marriage the brother
of the deceased husband-and he in re
turn. had the liberty to refuse-under the
condition, however, that the woman would
come to him in the presence of the elde'rs,
and loose the shoe from his foot and spit
in his face.
A similar custom exists. among the Iltr
rons and Iroquois. When a wife dies, the
husband ir obliged to marry the sister, or
in her stead, the woman whom the family
of the deceased shall select. A widow is
also obliged to marry a brother of her
deceased husband. The same thing is
practised its the Carolina Islands.
In the Isthwia or I1arien the right of
asking in marriage is lodged in and pro
misenausly exercised by both sexes, with
out the least hesitation or embarrassment ;
and in the Ukrain the same thing is car
ried further, the women more generally
courting the men. When a young wo
man falls in love with a young man, she
goes to his father's house and reveals her
passion in a most ten'der and pathetic m'an
ner, and promises most submissive obedi
ence. Should he make excuse she re
solves to persevere, and takes uplodgings;
should he continue obst'inaie the church
takes her side, her kindred are ready to
avenge her honor, atmf he has no other
method but ta'bietalte hiniself to dight, till
she is otherwise disposeid of.
From the storyl of Deliah. it would seem
that the young m'en of' Israel were denied
the power of askiag a female in m'arriage
Sampson saw in Simnah, one th'at was
beautiful, and he said to his father, "1
have seen a woman~ of the datughte'rs di
the Phillistines, nOW therefolre get h'er fos
me to wife.', But his parentti objected;
he, however, did not elope not threaten to
go to Texas-but merely repeated, ."gel
her for me, for she pleases me well."
From the time of tlie na'tioa e-p'ken'ol
to the Greeks, little is known of this mat
ter. In the East the women being so lit
te seen, the privilege of courtship was
eagerly seized, and as there was often a
plataality of lovers,.and it soon became
fashion'able to fight for a "fair lady." A
society impr-oved; this' barbarity deelin'ed,
and instead of' fighting, a public exhib'
tion in dexterity and itn arms was the cri
teion ol' desert. But a's it gave rise to
animoities, which werO handed from gen
eration'to'geneiatiou, a'neth'od of' bargai
and sale marked the further progress oi
society. Thus it was among the Greeks,
As a lover seldom had opportunity to die
close his love to his mistress, he was ac
dastomned' to' inscrtbe her namne on ;ti
walls of his housd, the trees in the piibic
walk, an~d .'to deck the door of his fail
one's house with flower , and garlands
and to make libations of Nvine bhfor'e it
and to sprinkle theb entranco-with the sa'm
liquor, after the manner that was pi-actices
at the temple of Cupid. . Garlands wveri
of great use among the Gy'eek. in .the af
fairs of love ;-whbn'a'mab nibiidid hr'. g'ar
Land, or a woman composed one, it wi
ra confession 'of haviog been -subdued b;
his piasslon. Their method of prosecuttmi
their love affairs was still worsb.
They resorted to incant ations ahd pWi
.tres, the sale of which 'was ex'ten tivel
I carried on ; they were so yiolfont as t6.de
ie the-narsan who took~ithemodf8sens
and not unicommonly of life. . They- nltlo
used to melt wax images. befor the flrei
bielietlidg ilie persod l-epresetedhy them
would be.roportiodately wained.bj love.
These and many other egaully.folish.
were constantly practised. The RompiL.
copied the Greb in these tinlgs, Pin
car tells ui tha ucullus, a Roman gene
ral, lost his sense by a love portiod ;raiid
Camis Caligdld was tiirowd into -a git..of
madness by one *hih wds given iIm by
his wife, Casonia. Lucretius,<tdo fell A
a sacrifice to the same folly
While the Greeks adii Rans were
found in these foolish jirdtices and nar
row opinions, the barbariads, the dteteis:
Gauls and Gerngans, dltboigh tbelfaiyvea
were a species of slaves. had arrivedlat*,
much superior point in the revelations aif
love. They regarded the *ives withies .
pict and veneratidn-ihdy mere jdllanc:
and sentimental-and desired the afectioas
and heaits of theit mistresses. Scandi
davian womid wefe clihstr podd and
icareely less emutdos o gloff ibai die
men, add cndseq'denilj demanded lovers
distinguislied in the field. Tie Sacred
had a custom, when a young ldd.giid fiis
addresses to x lady, Mdr himf te sgae fier
in single combat ; if li vanquished, h
led her o id tridahi, it shie coidrsd;
Hie di her husband and siats.
Such are idrlie of ItI dfindei of Edicent
cdurtsiig; a ftf d6toddi of which ould
form an idteresting and idstrutie tliar
.. CAdtaNa CHANGEs:
Tlie Washington Union of Wdnesdaf
night announces the resigtiation of Mr
Bancroft as Secretary of tlhe Naff, ad'
his appointient as Minister to England&
Mr. Masod takes his place in the Nav'
D'ep:rtadent. and will act as Attorney Gey
neral dd insrIjnt, till ad dppoianniedt shall
be made. We see no suggestids as td
who will get that place. Mr. Baneroft
has been unpopular in office, but the pub
lie have snall means of adgiag W ther
desefvedly at adc. J.r is probale Jidu
with all his ackdowedged. ab'ifd
scholarship, he was not exactly suited for
the place he has decupied, aed tha' ititd
new duties .assign'd him, fll.. be ttuch
more congenial to his faents- add ithe
habits of his life. .- ."'~
SteamnoaLt Falos i.--'The ftetidb6dt
Excelsior, a new and .handsonde b'oat, pl.g
ing between Nev 'forli nd Cdsaekte,.
(about 70 miles beldw Albiny,) burst tier:
boil6r odt Tlidriody dvening. last after
leavidg th'o w'bart o'die North River.
There Were a large number of passea gi .
on board, many of whom' only escaped by
jumpingoverbdaud, as the boat Was almost
immediately edielop'ed in flames. It is
not knoWo how many lives were lost, bat
it is feared tiat th'e ndmb'er is not less than
from 14 to 20. The boat itself is d comd
The Shori Cut.-A countryman, hav
ing to go a distance of rome miles in a
parish where he had never been before]
kept ptdddng dlodg the idrdpike till he
had got witbid a mile of the house he tad
to call at. A m'an id a smock-frock, of
whom he inquired the distance, told him
"to take the short cut as 'oes the fields.
and he would cave half .. mile by it."
The short cut was taken ; but presently.
he came to two paths, and no\ kdowing
Which to choose, he prodeedbd along the
wrong one. goon' a'ftet this' he came to
a lane Which' branche off in' opposite di
rections, sad he m>ade matters still worse.
by goiug father astray.-At last. aoming.
to'aico'mmon, he' was stoppbd and obliged&
fo gro all the' way back again to the. a'rn
pike road, saying to himself,.'''Catch'use
in' takldg a short 6ut' again, it fo'n' can'.
[ am' but a' fool for miy pain int leaVibg
the turn lke road th'at I knew tolod ht,
for the path which has led me rg.
Th'ese shoii ents':n-ay. d6 *ery #P61 for
-thzosh wtho undetrstand the'm, but f'dithoid
who do not, th'ey are the lon'ge't' thbat dab'
be taken. Dep'ind upon it,.yo' n'ill', tk
the poor countryman, find it thW s'afesi
way in most thingsj to takb ili tant thd'
to obtain yo'tf endtwh'ch e'sieride'e. haa
most' approved. Bsaaye of "short idts,"
unless you are thoroughly satisfied abont.
them ; but above all things,' beware of
attempting a "short cat'' heafdn'. The'
good old way, desdi-ibed in th'e Bible, is not
only the besl, bift'the only ay. lb tbdi
Way ol' holiness "a way faring mang
th'ough'a fbol shall' nbterr.-S. 8. Jot-f
Dear' Dealing.-A' yo'ung' id jiisttf
girl stepped into a' ah op, wher'e a spruce'
jionag'a, who had lodfgbeen enamored'
but dared not speak, stood behind the'
counter sdlln'g- dry ,gdi' fri ord'er to'
remain as long af possibre,ahe dheapened
every thing ;'at last she~ sailI," belive'
youz' think N am'eheatilig you."
"Oh, no,"' said'the yobanister,' "to me
you are alwaysJai'." -;
aeshe laid'an' erd asis ob the void,4
would not stay so' long bargaining, if you
were not so dear"
.ASwise uhn will-speak wdll'of his neighd
boi., love his wife, ahd piay for hit news
rReal friend. ar'e wont to viit't~Irohr'o
prospiity only when invit'ed ;i in advir
.sity theycome of their' tn'esdo'. '
IGbod'lesuens sie or aqrie~
K -formiinga good ckar ~ egankEbd