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- ~1 ~ - "-#O - - .- . SWe will cling to 1he Pillars of the Temple of our Libertes. n~i ust fall w wilPerish& amidsu ke Ruins." eNO.3 ;O - - -X PUJBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY. dBV W1. ~F. DURISOE, UDITOR & PROPRIETOR. , . .: NEW TERMS. Two DoLiAas and Firrv CEN-TS, per-annum, jfpaid in advatce --$3 if not paid withinsix tnointh*.frotr the date of subscription, and $4 if not paid before the expiration of the .ear. All sabscriptiops will- be continned, naless otherwise ordered. before the expira tion of the year ; bt-no paper will be dia 'coatinnaa until all ariearages are paid, un 'lrss at the option of the Publisher. Any person procuring frveresponsible Subscri bersqhall receive-the paper. for one year, A DviRT5SrNTsConspicuously inserted at75 cent per square, (12. lines, or less,) for the frst-insertion. and 37 foreach continuance. T ss-publishedmontlily or quarterly, wil becharge $1 per isitre. Advertisements iu having the numberof insertions marked uit them, wilfba contitined-uutil ordered out .wd-chaarged accordingly. Cmntnucations, post paid, will bc prompt lyfand strictly aended, to. - Ar iae u it u r a I. -From the American Agriculturist.,_: )'rA-UT1CAL FACTSABOUT PO K . AND AACON. JWaiI is he 1oss ig';ceight on making Pork into Baco ?-This question is often asked. and every farier..iarticularly in the West, ought to knos bow to answer it. As a generaj and safe rule, from facts within my ow'n.knowledge, I have always contended shatit is better for the purchas er to buy pork in the hog, and .nake his own bacon, when he can do it for one half the pire, per pound, than to buy it ready made. That is, if pork is usually worth 3 cents, and bacon "hng. round," 6 cents, it ii better to buy the fresh pork. I amt writing for the West, and inn Westoro lan. guage. That your Eastern readers may understand, I wi l say that "ho. tound means 2 hans, 2 shoulders,.atd 2 sides out of whicha4terthe bones :Should always be taken. I always irin:.of belly pieces f.>r lard. Hams and shoulders .too are wel; trimmed. ..The method of.sal ing of ton asianishes some of thse netw enigrants from Yankee land Nebodv ever made -henter baon far 15 years thian hive and - * a k bt I I about _.its he..-or ter of ili e Nou~, e pile o1 ricks.. ..1 let it lie about as many days as the htatsiweih pounds each; overhauling once. Tihenj hang up far aaway Irom t he fir.; in a-very open and'airy s-nokehouse. and smoke well with hickory or other sweet wood-% .'tendraw 1oiose caton base over each juini, aind tie'rodi:ll the string by which the ";neat hangs. Do this- before the flies rutme in the spring, an4.you may let.it-hang as -long as you like, atad it will be good-at least, mine is so, For sany years our house has ntot been without a supply- of this most excel lent kind of meat. whih is a munch snore healthy food than the eternal round of fresh beef, &c. But to return to the subject.- On the 20th. of January, 1846, Lkilled 5 hogs, abtut a your and a half old, and one about half that age, of the Berkshire and China breed, fattene. upon..coru fed-in the ear. the qwsotity not counted, as it was too cheap to regard that. Th- following tablerwill show the weight of each hog, and the weight of each piece of meat cut for bacon. j Hams. Shoulders. Sides. His. 3124hs. 30.lbs. 3- lbs 40.11):. bs. 30 ' 3 39 .308 " -29 '- 31 A a 1 1. 295 a. " aJ9a 289* 29 " 11 259 "127 "4 3 ba - 381-" 20 "a 1 t 1 a 20 " I2 9"12 ScrpsS~c-2 lbs. of fels 213bs. o .'irltitios ~l 310 b. of "efr and fa dif~rne~-e 35t "g 37 lb4 weh of 12 hes 35 dit"holes 3-3titt 12 ades;2a 9 *1 o 3.ed~44 21. ThsPorkwhe kile -a wort 3" t h ciaps c.- lbes.gmof seezed a3ls. tof . oldrb ting od15. feaf soard and. Okmngs7 lbs&.lor i heconting n difernc -weigind;(31 bs wihat f1 6rses ;1 andL17 o. 6ltlses,-1644lbs. -sTis or 0k. wenuadkidws wth ets.f a..leanhe wllms it wl otysrink hroeff odd'pounds n in t metd at ahijnle. l.oul amto $48. 1ad'The lad drid on:q 129des, aemstabetifu artcl. woudi thlod :wbife's sat wel me1adeid,9vs. rTead a up. .u.eighedpit, ad-fotndonbacethe 1 bams4weighed@04 ss27)12hld-ak (is4;)1p~uam8 inli oibik thEa tii4shoulrsafs I'b ueingoor-fond1 a 1olpr'ucentg of loss-abanttpgem on~ fhoslittle th~be - as n'dl' w7iihreo rie me. . 5. h-sd and lard at 44 ets., and be well paid for trouble and cost of making bacon, because the heads, &c.. are worth much more than I stated them at in any family. The principal object in this statement is to inform those who have had less experi ence in this matter than I have, whether it is most advantageous to sell their hogs fresh, or cut and salt; and for that pur .pose I have endeavored to be accurate. Each person in his own place will judge of his own market and relative prices, and if his hogs are not so good as mine, anake greater allowance for lns and offal. Will some on'e who keeps a pork barrel, make a similar statement, and publish for the benefit of your readers ? SOLON ROBINSON. Lake C. H, (now called Crown Point, Ind.. May 15, 1846. From the Southern Cultirator. COTTON-CA TERPIL LAIt. Mr. Catmak :-As Iain one of your sub scribers, I feel in duty bound to contribute all the.information that I am in possession of, that would enhance our Cotton crops, by destroying the worms which have been, and are now, nakng such havoc on some farms that the crops will be an entire fail. ure. I, for one. believe that all diseases and disasters have theirefl'ectual remedies, which if rightly applied, and at the right season, will prove successful. I know there are many farmers who disdain to believe any thing like' experiments to be profitable. They are all anti prosperous kind of beings (not Farmers.) who are content to sit on the stool of do anthing and murmur at Providence, and will not even listen t-a any new idea. take hold of no new inventions, but hold on to the old rules. Fatherlarnt them well; father cut his pig's tails when he castrated them, and they do it too; and father lost about one pig in ten or fifteen, and they do ton. Well, Anti, just ask your neighbor who. has hogs with long tails if he ever..looses any by castration, and my word for it he will tell you no, scarcely ever ; and on the other hand ask your neighbors who has short tail hogs if he ever looses any by-the operation.. He will 'say. oh 'yes some how or-othcer I never canget- a-good hand to attend rwe-operation, as I know I al . a ttend . ttieste<. things whet.. the s ,inedown jour prijudie; ail 'ndve cut oif a pig's tail nite they illnot Bleed to death. -Try it; and as I shall tell you haiv 'tokeep., the worat out of your 'Cot tontry it also.; and if either fails, inat pub. lish your nama in the Cultivator, and 1 wvill pay the eubscriptinn for one sear of all who will try it f.irly and fail. About the first of July 1 discovered the wormhs ha 1 made their appearance in mny Cotton. About that time wse had a few very warm days which made them disap fear; and I saw nosign of them till about the 15th Atngust; and then on close exam. ination, I found nearly every stalk had more or less worms and eggs; in the bud of the stalk, I counted:as many as 12 eggs, and saw some at the stage when the weorn was coming out of the egg. The eggs are very small, about the size of a mustard seed, and of a pale dove color. The worm, when it first hatches, commences eating the bud where the eggs are deposited. The worm, when first hatched, is about the size of a sman-ll ant's body ; and ia a few days they will shed and commence searching for the squares. On the 151h I caught numbers of flies which lay the eggs, about sun se', and found their bodies full of eggs. I made it a business every evening to go into the field to catch the fly and examine them ; and I found every evening they had less eggs in them ; and ~on the 20th day I caught numbears aof the flies, and itn pnlliang thetm in two I founad thecy had lai-1l out their eggs, or at least I could find none in themn. I had not top. ped my Cotton till I found at whlat timae tho flies bad stopt laying. As I wished to make an experiment, I staed any hands to topping and gave them Instructions to top as low down as they discoveread aany squares had opened, atnd also to top all the suckers; and I will assure you it looked like a ruinous business, as sname times it would take one third of thec stalk. 1 anade the hands rub wvhat was polled off', so as to destroy wh'at eggs and worms thecy gath ered. At that time I offered to take 10 bags of Cotton for any crop, which wvas 70 acres ; but since tbe topping I would not take 30. It is true it was a considerable task, as amy hands would not top more thaat 1i acres per hand a day. I feel richly rewarded for my troubles anad experiment, and know of a truth that othters tnay be henofitted, if we ever should be troubled by the wvorms again. I would have wrote sootne-r, bot wishiang to be satisfled with thme experimnent, makes it too late to be of any advantage to the farmers this season, as the wormu has got down into the large bolls. But I fear say some .4nti wvill say, Fa ther topped his Cotton, and he had wvams inrit too, and I don't' believe the experi ment will do. But again, let Father keep his eye on the fiddler, and watch the fly, the egg and -the worm, and top with jndg' nent, as 1 have given directions, and be will say,.away with prejaudice. Give me insatuctionand let- me" know tho'signs of .-"iid .' hich will be by taking the CuI. - - ' -WATTS. teml ee,,1846. ~'-egt~i~~r-I acase recentl be fore the Alpesl eota' fltimore Ghe I that where.the tender was in all other respects iegal, no matter what might be the amount, the tender of cents bearing the impress of the United States coin was legal. POETRY. THE ANGEL'S WING. BT SAMUEL LOVER. There is a German superstition, th when a sudden silence takes place in company, an angel at that moment tnakes a circuit around them and the first person that breaks the si lence is supposed to have been touched by the wing of the seraph. For the purpose of poetry, I thought two persona preferable to many, in illustrating tis very beautiful superstition, When by evening's quiet light There sit two silent lovers, They say, while in such tranqnil plight, An ungel round them hovers: And further still old legends tell The first who breaks the silent spell. To say a soft and pleasmng thing. !lath felt-the passing angel's wing. Thus, a mtsing minstrel stray'd By the summer ocean, Gazing on i lovel.y maid, With a barn's devotion: Yet his love he never spoke, Til now the silent spell he broke, The hidden fire to flame did spring, Fann'd by the angel'stving ! [have loved thee well and long, With love of heaven's own making! This is not a poet's song, But a true heart's speaking; I will love thee, still nutired! lie felt-he spoke-its ote inspired The words did from Truth's fountain spring, Unwakenod by the angel's wing ! Silence o'er the maiden fell, Her beauty lovelier making; And by her blush, ie knew full well The dawn of love was breaking. It came like sunshine o'er his heart IHe felt that they should never part. He spoke-and oh !-the lovely thing Had felt the passing angel's wing. MISCELLAN MOUS. CAPTURE' OF SANTA FE... The St. Louis papers of 25th. Septem ber. contains authentic. intelligence 4)f the tiewsgwas brought by the steamer. Little Missouri, from 1ort Leavenworth* The mail frontSanta Fe, reached the Fort in "S days. The capture took place on the 1Sh August. A remarkable fact c.>nnoctod with this. capture is. it wilt be seen, that Gen. Kear ney de:lares his purpose to annex all New Mexico no the United Slat's, on both sides of the Riat Grande. Tne St. Louis Republican contains the diary of an officer belonging to the expe dition, in which the occurrences of each day are noted. His accuurt of tho cap. lure is as follows : Tuesday, Aug. 1S.--Started as usual. and at six miles cane to the Cannon, where the Mexicran irumy under Armijo had been asseibled. There had been 3,000 troops thete, but it seems that the nearer we approached them, the fewer they be came. and when wte passed thr.uAb lhey had all gone. The [position they chose was nour the lower end, and it was one of great strength. The passage a as not more tha forty feet wide-ina front they had made an obstruction with timber, and beyond this, at 300 yards difant, was an eminence iu the road, on which their cannon had been placed; and it was thought by us, that ineir position was equal to 5,000 men. We reached the hill. which overlooks Santa Fe at 5 P. .M. Major Clark's artillery was purt into line, and thre mounrted troop~s and infantry were marchred throutgh the :town to the Palace, (as it is carlledl) art the public squrare, where tire General and his staff1 dismounted, and were received by the arctinrg Govsrnor and other dignitaries, and cotnducted themn to a large room. The General stated, int a few words, the object of his visit, arnd gave assurance of sarfety and protectiont to all unoifeuding cittzens. WVitile this transpired the stars and stripes were hoisted nn the stallf whfch is attached to the Palace, by Maj. Sworuds, and as soon as it was seen to wave above tire buildings, it was hailed by a national saluto froma tire battery of' Capraints Fie chrer and Weightmran. under the command of' Major Clark. While tire General was proclaitming the conqurest of New Mexic.o as a part of the United States, the first gun was heard. "There," said he, "my gons procelaim that the flag of the United Stares floats over the capital," The peo pie appeared satisfied. The Gen.. slept in thre Palace, (we demtocrats- must call it the Governor's horuse.) One company of dragoonts was kept in the city as a guard, and the business of the day, was ended. .Thua, in the short space of fifty days. has an army been marched nearly 900. miles over a desert country, aud conquered a province of ever 80,000 souls without firing a gun-a success which rmay be at tributed mainly to the skill.,and ability with which Gon. Kearney has managed this ar'duous .and delicate business .In ex)Iaiinughis object isi coming .into tihe country, arid the. kindrcits he felt for the inhallitanns, he wvas mild, and eonrtenus; but then, (would ad,) Iclaim ,the wvhole of New Mexico for ih'e. United Stnates puitnmy haa on it ,from rlhis nioment. (bringing his band fir'mly edownon bis thigh,) snod dematf3 obedencfui l ws, qdnesdayi. O ..9d'he Sen. ,ad rresed ihe whrol people rt-anore at mpsigttuve- assurances of protection in their rsons, property, and- religion. Many milies had fled on his approach, and hEAhold their. friends to bring them backa id to say to them that they would be maoi' safe under his administration than had ever been. He stated that in ia k j4[possessida of New Mexico, he claim ~he whole of it for the U. States, withoa fieference to the Rio Grande. He absat 'them' from their allegiance to Mexic sd Gorernor Armijo, and pro. claini rJimself Governor of New Mexico, and med thet as citizens of the Uni ted Sies. 0:.. Ling Governor and Alcades then took t .ohth of allegiance to the U. States, and thejpeoplu, with a simultaneoussbout, exclai 6 "Vive la General." Iti :rI (says the St. Louis Republi ean ) m that Gen. Armijo, the Gover nor ,w Mexico. had actually 4,000 men a is command, but very badly arn ed,.aa*iat on the 16th August they left fort A place appointed as the battle ,round F hen be got there, however, a conu~ast of his officers was called, and '-matitb is satisfaction." they refused to fight.,,' i .econd in command, Col. Ar chulottj pas exceedingly valarous up to a late e, but very suddenly changed his entir wsof the necessity of the quar rel. ysoon.after this determination, Gove 4 Armijo turned his head towards Chihu a, followed by a few dragoons. IiJA opposed. that General Kearney wonlj 'tiinate a Mexican for Governor of th: artment. and appoint an A mer icanS tary. All. those in office who are - t. to. be *irnstworthy, would, in all " ! ity be continued in their places. . e' earney, it was supposed, would have at~rce of2,000 men in Sant Fe, and marth4 a short time to California, with a likei her. Tb -adem who were overtaken by Gen. liy's. force were close out hand, butit$wir believed that- they would not be at ake sales of their goods in Mexi c.. . would be. compelled to make their . 'slowily down tho Del Norte, awaii ei result of Gen. Wool's move mnia "not U:alif'ornia. Lie en o the &rtille ;yhas ben&aA opp-n~a wtc a 4 ce omeilays in session.. Anebrospondent of- te Reptblieau, writing from Santa Fe. Aug. 21th, says : 'Onto-morrow a body of troops will march towards Albuquerke, to take pos session of that district. It is supposed that a cetachment of the army will also soon be sent to California.. 'he atrtillery under Major Clarke, is erecting fortifica tions in front of the town. The two cotn patties tinder the commend of Capts. Fis cher and Veightman, it is genernely sup posed, will be stationed here, supported by some other forces; Maj. Clarke com nands the garrison. These are the current reports, generally credited, although Gen. Kearney can hardly know for certain, how the appearance of things may change, and what steps may become necessary to en sure a permaunctt tranquility in the prov tu:e. in conclusion, lot me sag, t hat we have no' lost any men, in the artillery. nor have we any sick, at the present time-that we are a.l as contented as we can possibly be, and burning with impatience to hear from our friends in St. Louis, and our brother soldiers in the south." Civilization in Sauta Fe.-A gentleman attached to Gen. Kearney's expedition, says in a leter from Santa Fe ta a brother in St. Louis, "This is the most miserable country I have ever seen. The hovels the people live in are built of mud, one story high, sod have no~ flooring. T'hey sleep on the grounid aand ifave neither beds, ta bles or chairs. In fact they burrow in the ground like Prairie dogs. We entered the city on the 18th of August, and took pos session without tiring-a gun." Santa Fe.-This having become nt place of interest in the public eye, since General Kearney's expedition to it, we extract from Mr. Gregi.' "Comnmerce of the prai ries," a description of the town and its neighborhood. Mr. Gregg made several trading expeditions from Missouri to San ta Fe,.and iecamne well acquainted with that place, as with the intermediate coua try. -Santa Fe the capital of New Mexico, is the only town of any importance in 'the province. We sometimes flid it written Santa Fe de San Francisco, ( Holy Faith of Si Franicis,) the lalter being the patron or tutelar s'aiut. Like mst of the towns in this section of country. it occupies thre site ol' an ancieht ptreblo or Indianvillage. whose race has been' extinct for a great many years.' Ats situation is twelve or ffteen tmiles -east of the 'Rio del 'Norne, at the western base of a snowe clad 'mou ntain, upon a beautiful'strealn of s mall mill pow' er size, which ripples ilown in icy cascades, and joins the river'somie twenty miiles to the southwestwafrd.' Tie populatiinn of the city itself but little erceeds' three thou nd ; "yet, including' se'veral serroindingt villages which-are embiraced in its corpor ate jurisdiction1 it amounts to hearly six thousaoadsOtls. "The thwn' ia very irre gularly 'aid' ouzteanimost of the streett ~are,litl,eUtetainf ennmmon' highways traversingsatteied~ettlements' whiebt are itrsprsed~witb corn ields nearly'sufli .ienat to'sapply the inb'abitbintg'with graih. The onrLv atiempt at-any thingslike mrchi eecurlpompactu'esiabWpedeision consisti in four tiersof uuildingsi, whose4'ronts 'are o-eidf thde tef-dscription.' The) gii~atdteppbiceaquarepitadn colr prise-the Governor's house, the barracks the Casa Consistorial of the Alcaldes. the military chapel. besides several private residences, as well as most of the shops of the American traders. "The population of New Mexico is al most exclusively confined to towns and villages, the suberbs of which are general ly farms. Even most of the individual ranchos and haciendas have grown into villages-a result almost indispensable for protection against the marauding savages df the surrounding wilderness." Corr. of the New York Herald. WASHINGTON, Oct. 1, 1846. The greatest activity prevails in the War and Navy Departments, among those whose especial duties relate immediately to the preparations for carrying on the war with Mexico. There is no doubt that all the available strength of the nation is to be employed, until our republican neighbor cries for quarter, nuc consents to terms of peace. The st..tements recently made, through the New York Herald, of a contemplated attnck on Tampico, is a fact now beyond question. Last June a large number of guns and shells were shipped to the Gulf. fron this city and elsewhere, to be thus made use of, if so advised by the proper department. A delay of offensive operations was ocea sioned by the anticipated return of Santa Anna; but now that the administration has been disappointed in what they had a right. or a reason, to expect from him, and being unwilling to await the deliberations of a constituent Congress, the long peut up war thunder is to have vent. that with its accompaniments, it may awaken the dro.vsy Mexicans to the "still small voice" of peace General Patterson at the tead of five thousand men, including the seven hun dred regulars from the. North, to he sent under direction of General Gaines, is to ad. vance-on Tampico with all possible speed, after. the. necessary provision shall have been made for that purpose. The. naval forces are, at.a. propertime, to unite their strength with those of the Iau I, and thus insure success. . Orders to this end,.were issued yester d 'a ready ave possession o a large portion of Tamaulipas; but the entirety is to be secured. Extract of a letter recessed in Charleston; dated, WAsHtNGTON, Oct. 2. The Delegation from the Winnebago tribe of Indians, met in council yesterday, at the oflice of Colonel Albert of the To. pographical Bureau, and after a long pa laver, desired time to deliberate on the propositions of their great father, and will convene aguin on Saturday next. Thus you see these rude sons of the forest are not quite so rapid in jumping to conclusions na sonme may suppose. ite council was held in public, and marry of the fair sex were present, seemingly delighted with the scene before them. An Indian talk is an exceedingly interesting thi'ng-the elo quence is unique-the gesture natural, and when in full costume the orators somehow nake personal displays that serve to add to the natural ruby of the cheeks of civi lized dames. Nevertheless, no spectator can witness it, without adtniting. When that elegant and refined woman, Mrs Madison, did the honors of the White House, she took a deep interest in the chiefs, who at that tine visited their great father. They used to come occasionally to the drawing room-and I recollect on one evening, a dignified old chief who had been induced to change his costume for that. of his more civilized) broteIors, took hold of his coat sleeve, and looking archly at her, told her she had made him a snake. She asked with some surprise how that could be ! lie instantly replied, "do you not see you have made me change my skin."-Southern Patriot. A Ckange.-The Union indicates (says the Charleston' Mercury,) a very important change ini tlte mode ol' counucting the Mexican war, which is likely soon to give it a decisive result. Napoleon's maxim was, that a war of conquet should sup~port itself. Accordingly when he had overrun a district, his first care was to establish a government especially adapted to draw out all its resouirces for th-e support of his army. We have been acting on very dif. feront mnaxitms in the Mexicatn war. We were to contend agai'nst nothing but the armted forces of the Reptublic, and in no way to assume the privileges ol conquer. er8, except by bearing all the expenses of gotverning the conquered. The consequence has beoen thant thte Mtexicans have made a great bargain of our invasion. Losing no thing, they have gained the priviledge-of supplying oar armies at enormous prices. This is to be lamended hereafter. The UJnion quotes from VATTEL thai "Instead of the pillage of the countr~ and defeneeless places, a custom has beet substituted ,mre humaise and more advan tageous to the sovereign makitng war. mean that of contributions. Whoever carries on a just ivar, has a right of making the enemy's country contribute to the sup port of the army, and towerds defraying all the charges of the war." And-the same paper adds, after laying proper stress upon our offer to degotiate anssvered oh the part of Mexico by~an..o for to toait - .,.,M" A* goiu'as lhe diory, as$vtAhl Mexico was resed bhe overan~j there iront*doubt tha: eiybr 14 catd isat adoined.Te vt16 of-haMaon aoo iiel1rje1 respeced, except what may be: neceesary for the support of our army. Their per sons and property, wiih this exception, will - be sacredly protected. Their religion ai'd' their altars -ill be respected as tryIlyas'ir - they were Americans in tbebosodi of& u. own country. FromA.Mpeslet o Troops.-Orders were received late on Friday evening last, from Washington, for the despatch of Company K, 3rd Artillery, stationed in this city, under the command of Major Wade~ to ;he Rio Grande. Major Wade with the promptness which characterizes the soldier, embarked ar12 o'clock noon, on Saturday, with. his copn pany, in the steamer Beaufort Districi, for Charleston. The company mustered sixty-four, rank anl file. We separated frotm Maj. Wade with regret, for a residence of many years en deared him to our citizens. generally. We desire for the gallant soldier health and glory in arrs, and wish him a speedy return -to his family and friends.-Saan nah& Georgian. THENEWPOPE, Translated froma Frenck Paper. Added to the talent .and virtues- which raised the new Pope, Count Mastai Seretti, to his high station, he has the advantage of belonging to one of the ancient noble families of Italy ; whose ancestors were distioguished.fur the most gallant courage. and some of them shone iu the saloons.nf the Emp;re and afterwards in Paris at tile - time of the restoration. -. Mastai Seretti was thirty' years a i,' Lieutenant in the service of Austria, a handsome officer, who wore his unif'orni ' gallantly,.and was always ready Gore - . advnature that came in his wayIY many of his age and profession, he had. n duels, his love alf'airs. his- debts,.his-good fortunes in garrison, and alldthe light and smilingdjoyasofyouth. Oa one brightda . his heart was siraek in'a'rnestk.andoathe passion that had .:o utaon possession s his. heart;. be place'd tliis earthy hopes brit'at the, aog&ft hse'd these? dreamswere.:rea l rejlfess- 4 snatclhed agny > b'tq deceptions, and becamile a priest. - Now,: doubtless he is consoled,;. ines religion and the Church. have giv~n ffidia splendid compensation for' he happiness he lost. To rise fronri an under Lieutennt ro a: Pope is a wonderful promotion, whicli, reminds one of the magical changes in the time of Napoleon, and will not often hap pen, even to the most fortunate soldier.-. Soath Carolinian. SEVEN DAYS LATER PROM EuaoPE. Arrival of the Steamer Hibernia. Boston, Octobor 26, 1846. To the Editors of the Journal of Commerce : - By the mail steamer Hibernia, Capt.. Ryrie, which arrived here this afterajoon fron Liverpool, making the passage in 13. days and 18 hours. we have advires from Liverpool to the 19th September, London 15th, Paris 16th, Dublin 17th, and Havre 17th. Well-founded apprehensions of a faltee in the American Cotton crop have ca'used an increased demand for the staple in Liv erpool. and prices have accordingly ad vanced a farthing per pound. Her Britannic Majesty's government and the people of Spain have mahifested so much hostility to Louis Phillipg'e: youngest son, that the celebration of the nuptials has been postponed for the pres eat, if not forever. The immediate con seqaence is a tremeridduos wy ocwft between England, France and Spain.-, The r'emote consequence will probablj be the destruction of the ent ete-cordiate, which has so long existed between the courts of St. James and St. Cloud. The total failure of the potato crop ap pears to be a sad reality. Every where ina freTaujd, and in the greater part of the Brim ish island, the vegetable has. .turned into putrid tmatter, which even the brogs will not devour,.. From the Continent of' Europe, including' Russia, we have dis mal accounts of thie progress of the blight. The use of the potato as an ordinary food' is now almost abandnnedf. Liver pool, September 11. AwFUL Frat AT LVEaRPOOL. We have againO been visited by another awful and fearfually destructive. fire,.he equal of which, as regards the intenser ra .'' pidity of the fiam es, -or .the shocking amount of property destroyed, 'has .toot ' been wit nessed at Liverpoolsince- he .;s . lamity which laid the sugar works ofdelf- - srs. Brauniker, in 'Harrington,...-n a is ruinis' Last nig'ht,.about half past a, eat alarm of fire was raised ums beingob servcd to dart frrim'ihe aojr~fthe basildin; occupied bj Messrs. Mafie and Sons, st gar refiners, in'1acelohfairists Dale Br, The billdi'n-g is ee~en stonres':high, -ezeii~ sivo of theceliar; andgiftsgort after diaon burst ghrotagl,.; he~ lamqs, rzng~hi. mighty torrent,4roggJ1gnmense haet~. inthe imn :dt..ei ab av b . stons occa iligoodlayd an * followed by the ecmission oyden 'of nil ie sisnst sbca~h str..