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Edgefield advertiser. [volume] (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, October 14, 1846, Image 2

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%hrinttia to the 22d, all inCIusive, have
been receivid at Ne w York.
The proprietors of the fsland of.Grebada,
have been addre'ssed by the Aporuey
General of Barba36es on the subject of ihe
evils under which the owners of estates are
abofintg. He.uggests.as a retsedy< that
all the estatesoo the island ie vested in a
joint stock company, which thall establish
central manufactories in two or three dis
'tricts, with raiirohdd for the transportation
of the canegand the busineis of the wholo
island thus tobe'car'ried on under one di
rectiou.
Tbe'Cooliesth've not gi'ven satisfaction,
as they want spitit and energy. .
.ord Harris had assumed the govetnmeut
in Trinidad.
The Parliament of Bermuda closed 'is
session on the 10th Septenmber.
The storm of the 16th and 17th Septem
ber, in which the Great Western was 6'f
fetted, had;been felt with great severity at
these Islands. The wind blew with great
violence in trerenido'ns gusts for a whole
day, but no serious--injuary was done.
From Port au Pr -The brig Iaa,
Capt. Parker,. arrived at Philadelphia,
brings news of the 10th September from
Port au Prince. The Hlaytien part of the
Niana wall' iunre tranquil than. it had been
for sAae y'ears--The Presidgnt had pro
prosed to the Senate the disbanding of the
greater portion of the troops and laying np
to the naval forces. It is reported that
proper persons had arrived at Port au
Prince to negotiate for the annexation of
The east part of the Island to Hayti,-a
mneasu're which the eastert in habitants
are auxious to accomplish.
Mexican Aiir.
From the Hamburg Republican,-Extra.
Glorious News ! ! !-Monterey taken."
Our Army victorious, after three days
fighting, and a loss of about 500 men,
inctading killed and wounded.
We hasten to lay before our renders the fol
lowing important news. taken from an extra of
'the New OWleans Pleayune:
The steamahip.James L. Day, Cipt. Wood,
Arrived rn Bratos Santiago about I a'cloct
this morning. By her we have rr-ceived the
glitious news that Monterey has capitulated,
efter three days oftcrrible fihting. Ca pt. Eaton.
'one of the aids of Gen. aylor. arrived on the
Pay,. bearing despatches for Washingtwi. He
left Monterey on the 25th uIt. Col. Iitmney
and one Qther gentleman acconpenkd hitn
- ro:m Moritekey:. Col. Kinney kindly took
charge o'f Ietters for M and brought
them to Canargo, aiid there deli'vered t''emn 'o
his companion, by. whom they *ele faithfully
delivered.
. We cannot delay the press to attempt to write
potia narratioti.of the battles. The following
nmorandaa"arer.rm:the pen of an oficer
rhuo was iie (0e battles..
G'en.' WortI"wd,led'4he. attack upon-the.
City on the est siledias imtinkiali'ted hithiself
The fghting wa3desperate ongodr side, the=
Mtiuxicaus'ntnumberttmg uiby; two to one;:
a ne pco td rto getrectns
* A~l~sadcr w'-delig ht to besr~iattbe.
krew 'theq. weg d.'.-,.-;.
AI,,ost all -ur differsnt acconts Get dowt
'i: r Joss at 500 or over, of whom 300 were kil.
led. This best tells. the chiracter of the tight.
Hasty MemorhnmdoOf the op eiations of the
American Amy ;before Monterey, from
'W 19th toithe 241/ .epternber.
- On'tie 19th, Gen. Taylor arrii-el before
Monterey, with a force cif about 6.000
inen, and after reconnoirimg the city ai
isbout 1500 or -1600 yards from the Callie
liral fort, during whi lie was fired trpn
-(rota its ttgeraes, is force was encamnped
at the Wtalnut Springs, three miles short of
the city. This was the neare:st position
at which the army could obtain a supply
of water, and be beyond the reach of the
einemiy's batteries. The remainder of the
-l9th was ocbupled by the engitneers in
making recorlooisanes4 of the city. haute.
ries and commanding heights. Out t he 201th
Gee. Worth wvas ordered with his divis
toO to move a.y. a circuitous rrotite to the
right, to gr~in the Saltillo road beyo'nd thme
vest of the town, atud. storm the heights
above the Ni-shop's Palace. which vital
point thie enemy appear to have strangely
neglected.- Circumstances caused his halt
on the night of the 20th, short of the in.
tended position. On the morninig of the
21st he continued his route, and after an
er~countei- with S !drge tbody of '.be ene
my's. cahbyi amt iidfantry, sitpported by
drtillery fioin the heights, he repulsed them
wiuh loss, and finally encamped, coveriug
the passage of the Snitilfo road. It was
here discovered, that besides the fort at
the Bishep's Palace, and the ocetipation of
the heights above it, t wo fortsOt on t
itianding emitences, orl the opposite side
of the San .Juan: had lieen fortified and
drcupied. The two latter heights were
theu stormed and carried-t-he gns of thle
lt fort calried beinjg .immedhiately turned
with a pjlinging fire upon. .tie Bishop's
Palace. On thuis lame mormitg [ihe 21sQ}
the 1st Division of regular troops. under
Gi. Twiggs;.afld the Volunte~er Division
t ander Gen. Butler, were ordered under
a'rms to mnake.a diversioni to the left or the
town, in favor of the imnportantt cperstwas
of Gen. Worth. The 10th inchfiroruir anti
two 24 pounder howitzers, had been put
in~66ttery on the night of the 20th, in a
ravine~ 1400 yards distant from t he Cathne
drel fort or Citailel~and were supported
the 4thi Regiment of Infantry. At 9
A. M1., on the ~lst, the order wvas given
f'or this batteiy to open opdn the citadel
and town, and immediately after the. 1st
Division,,with :he 1Jt and 4th Infantry in
advance, under Col.. Garland, were order
ed to recojimoitre anif'skirmish with the
e'aemj on' the atynemd left Ofthe' citj', and
should prospeci -of success ohr, to carry
the most ~advan-ced battery. Trhuis attack
was directedfly' Maj. Mansfield, E ngi
eeer,,Cspt. Willhams, Tupographceal En
gineer, and Major Kinney, Quartermaster
to the TdxasDivision. A heavy fire fromn
- de Arst battery was immediately opened
-spoutite idvanebut the troops soon
iorned it,r n~-fa'ird'ehgaging with the
enemy indlie stj es'-of the city~ havitig
.jasd t6 imdeessant -cross fire
ft ib ci adl ibeistani' second
gat~iesadr ~fantui ho lined
the~ paraph tI I-lo'tseat6 - er the,
rd t tl .or i
;ad.lan a turd h D~
was follotved and supported :y the me
sissippi and Tennessee:aiid 1st Ohio Re
gimeats, the two former regiments being
the first to scale and occupy the fort. The
success of the day here stopped. The
Mississippi, Tennessee and Ohio Regi
ments, . thou'gh warmly engaged in the
streets of the city, for some time after the
capture of toe 1st battery anil its adjoining
defeiices, were unable from exhaustion and
the loss they had sufered, to gain wore
advantage. A heavy shower of rain also
came up to cause a suspension of hostili
ties before the'close of the day. The 3d,
4th, and 1st Infantry, and the 1altiinore
3attallion, remained as the garrison of the
captured positioit, uitder Col..Garland, as
sisted by Capt. Ridgeley's battery. Two
12 pounders. one 4 pounder, and one how
itzer, were capti'red in this fort, 3 officers
and some 20 or 30 men taken prisoners.
One'of the 12 pounders was served against
the second fort and defences, with captured
ammunition, during the remainder of the
day, by Capt. Ridgeley. The storming
parties of'Geia. Worth's Division also cap
tured two 9 pounders; which were also in
medietely turned against their former
owners.
On the morning of the 22d, Gen. Worth
continued his operations, and portions of
his division stormed and carried succes
sively the heights above the Bishop's 'al
ace. Both were carried by a command
under Capt. Vinton, 3d Artillery. In
these-operations, the company of Louisi
ana troops under Capt. Blanchard, per
formed ellicient and gallant service as a
part of Capt. Vinton's command. Four
pieces of artillery, with a good eupply of
ammunition, were captured in the Bishop's
Palace this day, some of which were im
mediately turned upon the enemy's defen
ces in the city. On the evening of the
22d Col. Garland 'and his corinand were
relieved as the garrison of the captured
forts by Gen. Quitnian. with the Missi9
sippi and Tennessee Regiments, and five
companies of the Kentucky Regiment.
Early on the morning of the 23.1, Gen.
Quitman, frost his position, disco4ered
that the second and third forts and defen
ces east 'of the city had been entirely
abandoned by thie enemy, wiso, appre
hending adother assault on the night -of the
22d, had retired from all his defences to
the main plaza and its immediate vicinity.
A command of two companies of Missis
sippi aind twb of Tennessee troops were
then throwti into the streets to reconnoi
tre, and soon became hotly engaged with
the enemy. these were soon supported by
Col. Wood's Regiment of Texas Rangers,
dismounted, by Bragg's Light infantry and
the 3d Infantry, the enemy's, fire was
tonstant & uninterrupted from the streets,
house tops, barricades &c., &c., in the
vicinity of the plaza. . The' pie'cs of
Bragg's battery were also used with much
effect far in the heart of the city-this en
gagenent lasted the best part of the day,
our trdops -having driven the scattered;par
ties of the enemy, and penetrated quite to
:the deferices el the main plaza. T''he-ad
vantagi-dta dine;.it wsi not ednsidesed
necessary to hdld,:as the-end-ny ha iper
nanenly abadoned the city find- its de
fences. except the main pla.a, its i -itie,
diate vicinity and the Cathedral fort or
Citadel. Early in the afternoon (same
day) Gen. Worth assaulted from the Bish
op's Palace the west side of the city, and
succeeded in driving the enemy and main
taining his position within a short distance
of the tmin phziza. on that side of the city -
towards evening the mortar had also been
planted in the Cemietery enclosure, and
diuring the night did great execution in
thme circumscribed campi of the enerhy in
plaza-thus ended the operations of the
2:11.
Early ont the morning of the 24th, a
commlnunication was sent to Gen. Taylor,
froim Geut. Ampudia, under a flag, making
an offer of caplitutlationt, to wvhich the for
mer refusedJ to accede, as it asked more
than the American commander would
under any circumstances grant ;-at the
same timie a demand to surrender was in
reply .made upon Gea. Ampudie--12 M.
was the hour at which the acceptance or
non-acceptanbe taas to be communicated
to the A merican General. At 11 A. M..
the Mtexican General sent, requesting a
persmal conference. with General Traylor,
which was graured ; the principal officers
of rank on either side accompanying their
GeneLrae. After several offers in relation
to thme capinilation of thme city made on
either side and refused, at half past 4 P.
Md. Gen. Taylor arose, and saying he
would give Gen. Amnpudia one hour to
consider and accept or refuse, left the con
ferencee vrith his oflicers-at the expiration
f the hour, the discharge of the rnrtar
was to be the signal for the recommence
meat of hostilities. Before the expiratioii
uf the hoot, however, an officer was sent
n the part of Gen. Ampudia, to inform
the American General that to avoid the
ruter effusioni of blood, and the national
itoner being satisfied by the exertions of
be Mexican troops, he had, after cotsial
ation with hsis General Otticers, decided
to capittlame, accepting the offer of the
american General.
The terms of capitulation w~ere in ef
?ect as follows
T1'iat thme officers should be allowed to
'tarch nut with their side armsi
That the Cavalry and Itnfantry should
>e allowed to march out with their armis
sd 'accoutremnents.
That the Artillery should be allowed to
narch eut with one battery of six pieces
td twenty-one rounds of ammunition.
That all other munitions of war and nup
res should be turned over to a board of
&meican officers appointed to receilve
em.
That the Mexican Arrmy should be al
owedf setven days to evacuate the city, and
hat tbe American troops should not occu
~y it until evacuated.
That the Cathedral, Fort or Citadel,
hould be evacuated at10O A. M., next day
1th} the Mexicans then marched out and
lie American garrison marched in.- The
Weiicans to snlute their flag when haulad
own. a
*That there should be an arin'nitie of 8
ieek,dturing which time' neither-army'
ihoukd pass.a line running frotis'the Ricon
das tihrough Las ares 'and' Sa'nFernanido.
bis leyietft offer of the American Gene2
a~ans dirtted with-the~ coce .of
ki alsutaiiby utptiyeaof goqdpol&
TteW Cit1 !ka thieMarucmn nrms.
iled-Captain Willism,. l
Engineers; Lieut. Terret, lit iit ; ,
L. N.51orris, 3d do.; Capt. Field 3d d -Ma*
Barbour,. 3d do.; Lieut. Irwin,3dido .3etit
Hazlitt, 3d do.; Lient. Hoskins 4thdo- t.
Woods, 4th do.; Capt. McKavett, 8 do.; Col.
Watson, Baltimore -Battlion-; Qapt.. Batt'em,
'1st Tennbssee Itegiinent; Lieut. Putnam, Ist
do. do.;' a Lieutenant in a GermaniC4mpaIy,
. Wounded.-Maj. Lear. 3d Iufantry, srterely;
Capt, Bainbridge, 3d do. vety slightly .L eut.
R. H. Graham, 4th do. .severelt; tpt. La
mnottee, 1st do. slightly ; Lient. -Dilworth .at
do. severely; Maj.-Abercrombie, 1st do,.elaht
ly; Major Mansfield, Engineer, slightly'.Gen.
Butler, Volunteer Divis'on, slightly, Colonel
Mitchell. Ohio Volunteers, -slightly
Clung, Mississippi Regiient, severely; Maj.
Alexander, Tennessee Volunteers .;lt Alleni,
do. do.; Liet. Scudder, do. do t; ois Nix
on, do du.; Cant. Dowier, MianssP~ip Regi.
mint; Lieut. Thomas, Texas Rleginent; Lt.
Armstrong. Ohio Regiment, ueverely ;;Capt.
Gllespia, Texas Rangers, nortailly wounded,
since died.
CARMA.aGo,;.
Sept. 27th, 1846, night, 12 o'clock.
Did'nt I tell you on the 25th that we
would have a "fight-at Monterey,aod' have
a hard one." Well, on the 21st 'tte ball
opened, when our troop's ajproa'iq ithin
1400 yards on Monterey. Our troops
advanced steadily and frmly, fighting every
inch of the ground until they..drove, the
Mexicants into the plaza, but this took-<them
until Te evening of the 24th, (3 $)ay ,)
when the Me'xicaos s rrendered the city.
On the morning of the 24th (half- past
11 o'clock) Gen. Atr'pidia "sentfVol.
iAloreon to Gen. Taylor with a proposition
iwhich Gen. T. would not .tccep.' He,
Gen. A., wanted to march ut with all his
men, arms, ammuniion,- &.. Gen. A.
then requested an interview id- person,
which Gen. T. granted, and tiey dis
coursed until about hilf-past b41, hetGen.
Taylorgave to Gen. Ampudia his 1st and
final proposition, and told him he -'would
give him one hour to answer- Before the
hour was up the answer was returned that
Gen. Ampudia accepted the terms proposed
by Gen. Taylor, which wereIn a Lktance
these ; The Mexican Army to evacuate ine
city and it to be delivered up to tife Amer
icans. They should march out c ili-rheir
muskets and twenty rounds of citiiidges,
and six pieces of cannon. That 'i Mex
ican force should not appear tliis ide. a
line from Rinconadh, runing. lirough
Linares and terminating at Riconada;. and
the Amerieans should not idvanc ynd.
This gires us Monterey and t 30
niiles beyond, and puts us'iunposssion of
about 20 pieces of cannon.
It would be useless-for me ;noa 1oat
tempt to tell you of the many xilliant
feats'of our little army, but _ tvwt'..lLave it
to -*other-tines, arnd perhaps oth& anon,"
'(the boat leaves in three minutes) utivill
add-both regulars and voluuite' "i idalI
andeveij thing that their coupn ,could
expect. Some thingswllich Couldbe done
but appeared almost itsp6ssib1t re doe
quickly.
Our loss'is reporfad.J il ad
ed, about 500. "Mestia: p t;; tbi
sem ~ 11he'riest 'ua"
1 ?000;n the ad vam ri i'es idine:
aid the city 'fortified nt dedvry ptist even
to the'tops of the house9'
CAMP suEa'MoYraeY; Sept- 24.
On the 21st. 22d and 23d there was somn
hard tighting here, and nany.pnor fellows have
suffered by it. But I think it may be safely
said that the town is in Gen. Taylor's power.
The place was aicnh mole strongly fortified
than Geni. Taylor kid any ideau of, anid the
Mexicans defendd their work with skill and
determnination.
.This unoruning Col. Mureisn, the Adjntant
General of the Mlexican ALrmy, caime intoecnip
with a proposition lroen Geni. Amspidia to ecva
ctuate the townm, hec andl his army liad to nmarch
nut and to retdrn into the in'erior. This, Gens.
T'aylor. declined, iddInsisted upqn Amtpadia
anid his officers becoming prisoners of wair, the
nmen to be disbanded arid dispersed with a sti
pulation not to nlerve against .us dukin'g the
wvar, the General and officers to remjain in cus
todly until disposed of by or der of Governmnent
The parties have beein iiegotiating all day, aiid
if they do riot aga ee there will be somne hard
fighting, as the place cannot hold out long.
The carnage on onr side is great, and proba
bly more so thani that f the Mexicans, as that
we do not know, as they fought under cover
all the time. General Worth has distinguish
ed himnsclfasi a gallant soldier and skillful om-n
tmander. ..
General Taylor gave him a fair chance, and
lie tas niolly avdiled tsittiselfaofit. H is division
with HaIy'ai re.!iuiedt of Texan Volunteers have
gained mtore ground and carried morn points
than nll the rest of the army, and with very lit
tle loss; tip to yesterday,'-6 P. M., it is only
five killed and twenty eight wounded. The
loss on our side will not be less than five hun
dred killed, wounided and prisoners.
Balzos SANvIAGo, Sept. 29.
Geri. Taiylor's army arrived before Monterey
on the 19th, and found the enemy occupying
the place in force Our army commeiiced the
attack on the 21st and continued for three days.
On the morning of the 24th Gen. Amnpudia of
fered to capitulate, which was granted by Glen.
Taeyera. davs were allowed to the Mexicans
td evaeate Eidd an armistice of eight weeks.
The troops of neither army are to pass a line
running from the Rinconado through Linares
and San Fernando.
Gen. Ampudia acknowledged '7006 ds the
nnber of histrops, b'qt it probably amounted
tp fully 11,000. Outr loss is severe. .The 1st,
3d and 4th. Inifantry, wvith the Tennessee Vo
lunteers ons the 21st uder the eye o. General
'rdylor. Gen. Taylor escaped unhurt, but was
greally exposed, his horse was wounded.
Our killed and wotinded will anout to 500'.
General Worth'wiih is battalion a'nd Hay's
command had a.n-aetion so we distnaree this side
of Monterey with.aconsiderable Mexican force.
and dispersed th'em' in a short time.; Coloneh
[lays killed a jieutenant colonel. oftie Mexi
can army single linded.
Seone Volunteers oui thei- way from Ilier to'
join the army, were ttack'ed 'by a l-trge body
of Mexican troopW' urid killed and shockingly
muiilated. -
WASHINSTOR, OCT.2ntd, 1846.
Our city is soeitill, 'that were it not for'
the interest smanifested. iujlis frequent
cabinet meetings, touching ouriffairs' with
Mexico, we shiould be ~in a compjloie sta'te
of apathy. Every thiog-conngcted. with
thie movements of thoryisoirgbhfter'
with the greatest :Interest. ; moist. not'
anticipate a peace b'toe eh64b4i1sfff rco
uext,:even ifttenN2tTh~adminsrltib'ais
lull of energy; and the action of tur ifallimi
army is. too filow~ .dr its' anticlpation. '1
bave'bhaairom's pile'iere 'weak or
afee nog elsMi'h e [email protected]
Rexiin ge ma p6eutr otn
than to adopt an.s nch suicidal policy as
that would be. -The time for the meeting
of the Mexican Parliament -is not until
December; but if peace be really desired
by the people, it would be a very easy
matter to convene it. Meantime, it is to
be hoped that the bold Taylor will pursue
lis 'successes.-Correspondence Evening
.Newos.
From the Washington Union, 28th nat.
i*OVE55ENTS oF THE Wios IN NEW
ENGLANS.
The Whig party in-tho-se sections of our
tcountry where it is most numerous, is
playing a most de'perak game. We re
cently quoted an article from the Boston
Courier, proclaiming in the strongest terms
ahe worthlessness of our Federal Union.
The'articles which we give below, from
the Boston Post, show pretty clearly that
the promtulgation of such a sentiment, the
Boston Courier hardly misrepresents, in
any .considerahle degree, the prevalent
Whig feelingsin that city.
In fact the recent movements which
have lately taken place in several of the
New England States, go very clearly to
prove that the whig party of those States
is now' nearly if not quite ready and re
solved to throw itself i to.the arms of the
abolitionists, or at least to coalesce to them
and with their principles. The course of
events in New llampshire which resulted
in the recent election of John P. Hale to
the United States Senate-the invitation
simntiateously extended by the whigs of
Maine to this same Mr. Hale.-the New
Hampatiire abolitionist, to canvass the
State of Maine by the whig side. prior to
the election-hie fi1ll and cordial extension
.l the right hand of fellowship by the
whigs of Boston, to the first named Wf
these gentlemen taken in connection with
the recent establishment of a whig aboli
tiotist journal in Boston, (the Daily
Whig,) to be the organ of these views
all these things seem to leave little doubt
that the Whigs of New England are sub
stantiahly ready at this moment to take
their position on the abhclition platform.
But the northern mail of this morning
brings. to us the proceedings of the Whig
State Convention of Massachusetts, as
undoubted confirmation of this view, for
which we confess the previous indications
we have referred to had not fully. prepar
ed us. The Whig State Convention as
sembiled in Ianueill htoll, on the 23d inst.,
and app.ars to have embraced a full rep
resentation of the Whig sentiment in las
sachusetts. It adopted about three col
tt.us of resolutions, only for a single spe
cimen of which we can afford room.' It
.is as follows :
"Resolved, That the Whigs of Massa
chusetts regard slavery as a great moral,
political, and'social evil, and. they there
fore pledges t!emselves to present as firm
a front of opposition to the institution of
slavery, as is consistent with our illegi
pnce to the constitution, and our duties as
members of the cotifederacy.
Resolved Thiar the -Wiigs o Massa:
tanal an'proper means to restrain the at
ready Ifepontderatind influence Of slade
holdiag interests. in the national legisla
tion, to defeat all measures calculated to
uphold slavery, and promote all constitu
tional measures for its overthrow, and will
oppose at all times, with uncompromising
zeal and firmness, any farther addition of
slaveholding States to this Union, out of
whatever territory forntd; nd they will
in like mannter oppose all further extenlsion
of the slavery of the A frican taco on thts
continoent. If under the govertnent of
Providlenc, it shall happen that portions
of this conitinet. not bielonging , to the U.
States, shatl be s.cttled by the Saxon
rate, let those settlcrs carry with tliem,
wherever they go. together with their own
free blood, the blessings of free govern
ment and free institutions foar all, and
fetters fur none. Wherever our language
is hereafter to be spoken, otir history re
miembered, our eltample quoted, or our
kindred acknowledged, there let universal
freedom and equal laws be proclaimed to
mnan ."
CoLUatsta, Oct. 7.
Siou1I Carollia oal .-The sin'ual
exercise of this institution were resumed on
Monday last, .under the most flatteritng
auspices. The President and all the Pro
fessors were at their posts irn apparent
health and spirits. The applications for
admission, we learn, wvere miord nuambers
than at any previous period in the history
of the College. and the numbers of tnew stu
dents received on Monday and Tuesday
amiounis to fifty one. This increase is, in
a great degree. on doubt, owing to the
distinguished reputation of the President,
and ,the ability and popular manner with
which ho discharged his duties the first
year. Indeed the whole Faculty as a unit
is not id inferior, we believe, to that of any
similar insiitution in the country ; and we
look forward to no distant period of time
when our College under its government
will rank among the first literary and
scientifie institutions o fthe age.-Cronicle
The Rail Road mneeting at ibis place on
Monday last, was large and respectable ;
and from the feeling manifested on the
occasion, and from the opinions we have
but little doubt the enterprize will be gone
into in earnest, by those who are able to
carry it on, in spite of any efforts that may
be made in opposition to it.-nderson
Gaette :
Bishop Onderdonk's Salary-On the
last day's session of the Episcopal Con
vention of New York a resolution was
adopted by a-voteof 169 to 71, directing
the trustees of the Episcopal fund to pay
to the Blishopithe sum of $2,300 annually
from the 1st October next, for two years,.
the Bishop giving security to return the
same, if somne Competent tribunal should
decide-thatbhe was not entitled to paid
any salary during his sospension.
..Fire at St. Louis.-A fire broke out at
St. -Louis, -Mo.,. in 'Jenk's Hemp Ware
house, on Sunday :morning, which. des
troyed property- to the amount of P5,000?
principally h'emp'and salt.-.Theinsurance
on -the property- amon'te only to $35,000.
.SuddenDitk0-2Ereeman, aboar
fera~t. the' Charleston~ Hotel, froki-s- I
egeopkla:Ldied sudddnly-last-:uigltEHe I
dvifIlkbi bried thisiftdstois '5do'clookli
at'!finitychtirctr -- .
EDGEFIELD C. U.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBa 14, 1816
The Obituary of the Rev. MARX M. Aassir,
was unavoidably laid over. It shal appear in
our next.
(r The following is the result of the
Election held upon alotrday and Tuesday
last, for a Member of Congress, a State
-Senator, and six Members of the House of
Representatives. Those marked thus *
were elected.
For Congress.
Lion. A. BURT, (no opposition.)
For senator.
N. L. GRIFFIN, 1184*
JOHN BAUSKITT 1089
For Representatives.
OLIVER TOWLES, 1628*
B. C. YANCEY, 1596*
ARTHUR SIMKINS, 1472*
DAN'L. HOLLAND, 1445+
JNO. B. HOLMES, 1413*
JAS. S. POPE, 1408*
JNO. R. WEVER, 1329
P. S. BROOKS, 1329
RICHARD WARD, 961
JOHN IDOBY, 461
The Ieathet.-Since onr last, the weather
continued dry and pretty warm. On Sunday
the Thermomseter fell, and a cool. wind blew
throughout the day.
On Monday morning, rain commenced fall
ing, and never ceased until Tuesday morning.
It descoide-d very heavily,and was accompanied
with a high wind.
The Court of Conimon Pleas is still in ses
sion, and many cases remain to be tried.
We are indebted to the editor of the.lHamburg
Repjlican, for an extra, containing important
intelligence from Mexico.
The Edgefield Rail Road.-We cal paiticwt
lar attention to the communications :nf "Vox
Popnli," ani "Civis," on the snbject of a Rail
Road from this village, connecting wih the
Charleston road, which will be' found in our
colutns to-day. This subject is of the utmost
importance to the prosperity of this place, the
distrtct generally, and we believe aconsiderab!e
portion of same of the upper districts.. All.
would participate in some mensure.inthe great
benefitsarisjng-.rom the;Raif ftoad - WeaWM
fohNiilt'aff re a'iritstel .
regird to this matter, has pervaded theiniaidioif
our citizens, and laige capitalists. We th'iall
it high time for them to awake, and to be olive
to their most vital interess. It is highly ne
cessag ythat prompt and eflicient action shnld
be takes at once. Some citizen or citizens of
elevated standing and influence should take
the lead. There should be conceri, there should
be nity of purpose among onr -leading men
most interested, and the stock wvil~smqbe sub
scribued. There is abundance of al- (Ati in this
place, and in the neighborhood, to bmid two
roads, of the length of the one proposed. Noth
is g but the will and energy ate wanted, fur this
enterprise. If our most infliential men wil
but give their sanction to this wvork, it will very
soon be accomplished. We suggest that a
meeting of our citizens be called at us eaily
a day as ma-y be practicable, and that meas
ures bb at once adopted for the construction of
the roaid.
Oar Army, in Dlezico.-Our readers will per
ceive, that Gjeneral Taylor at the head of our
army, has gained another victory over the
Mexican forces, althongh with considerable lomss
on our side. We hail this victory as an earn
est of future triumphs. should the wvar be con-|
tinned. There can be no doubt of onr ultimate
suCCess, though it may be at the cost of much
suffering and heavy expenditure. We hope|
that the arrangements entered into by General
Taylor, will expedite a lasting peace, between
our gorerinent and Mexico.
Trial of Thomas Prince.--On Thursday h.t
Thomas Prince, who had been charged with
the murder of WVilliam Bailey, ini this district,
was tried, and after a protracted investigation
ofthe case,he was found guilty of manslaughter.
Messrs. Wigil. Carroll and Bauskett, appear
ed for the defendant, an4i Solicitor J. D. Ed- I
wards for the State. On Saturday last Judge
Butler pronounced upon Prince a sen tenee of 1
$100 flue, and five years imprisonment in the
common jail. His honor passed a severe re-t
buke upon the prisoner, and made somne verya
appropriate remarks, which must come home I'
to the bosom of every citizen of the district. t
Murders.-It is our painful duty to state, that
tome shocking murders were recently commit- c
Led by some of our colored population in this i
:listrict. On Friday the 2nid inst., a negro wro
nan whose owner resides about 12 or-14 mile. tV
rom this place,and who as we understand, had, tl
ntended to remove from the State.' com'mitted -cl
murder upo. liar three children, as she was is
inwilling to leave the neighborhood. She Il
ias fed from justice. On Thursday last iane- Ie
ruo-belonging to John B. Holmes, of this dis- ti
rict, was committed to prisori upon his con
easion, of the murder of a slave belonging to
M1r. G~iy Broadwater. Th''rnardcri wast com-0
nittedlon~ the night .of the 3rd inst. He~ was
nangled *iith a hatchet in then'tiosr ehocitig 6
nanner. .
We'hfave received the irt-numbrthseL
and volume of the-' cintgdS
Ldvocteof indtrft and6ri'lis AI
ni~ch nical .a!ilo$the impriin 'te~
dia~epgeiislshi
he hnier. leforeti, s'ts
neti oniali tofier 4of hi "t
iter irtcnlary 'to their$h
racture -In fact, erad * -
may 'deiveinstruction from its ppges.
not altogether a scientificjour 1,'U'4iv
weekly, ;anispitome-Inf all~
mestic news, beel es items dova
It affords us great pleasure to r m this7
publication to the pstrori eeTu? n
readers.
Our elections are jiitfr d -i9
to say; there scarcelysere ai
assemble in South Ca ohina'z 1 :
importance to the Stt teb an - -
ed. .. .. .
The country is involved-in,
ico. whicb.has grown-out ofans add a , Ie6& -
Texas; and Mr. Calhoanr 'f^
Mr. King, developing the - 'e
British governnent;ina ppoth ;as
tion, and the deep iitries f -'1
it a vital question to every Souther
is emphatically a war.whichpilg
balance of power-in-the-confedem t _
the Southern Stateslthatoedhtroh' I -
so essential to protect-thir a 4h'tth
intezests.
True, our arms' are iictorious'bi -
yet to be done. We will o g '
heavy expenses, and malaya had o
field, before a permagenI peace p
ed, giving us full indomnity forA
curity in the future.- Every:blow',tria* it
quarter, and overy dolfairspetn is 0
ing the area of Siinibern euteifri
cr power; aid aurely ibjuch uv& 6It
Carolina will be expecfer td Wo &4"Ie
she has heretofureduilen cr4-. I
exhibit that Spiritaait ma :
character and pa'.:tism.
gain, the Legislature alout toase b,;.
w 1Ilew whether Sout Caroliva hll .=% .
turn aside from the'princiles- wiri'irsl -
acted on for twentyysarsi as-t a ts
sanction to new d'uctnne'. and tl es
schemes of building upie a -
ing out die bou:dieset ie ft
heavy expenditure from;i: hF eraiC3pj _
ry. If these apprppriations .baauin edgs, -
constitutional on -the Mssissippioaers,deo
in the future extedaic on; thaislepdbliteEi
will be the Columbia-the Rio Grande,
Colorado of the PacifeoalI of if1aiecwhfiij
through far niore ibn tares 8tal
consequently come in-to deluante
tion of Constitutendl appropriatie sio u.
would like to knowv if thea peoplekof b .
Carolina are boundahy a comapactdathssr- '
forefathersenturedinto, undetrwhis1tiurei to -
be taxed, fortlie'benefiti oftieilirviald -
and unimown regiogs of the:mighly
it "so omirniated'in ih V bond
deed-are'we Neve' M-e-t
land dr ea or water" "
'Wihaave jut li
4l , tm -y i ii tts El.a
tionttappropriatiotih telear-nis rtiiei 10e!
build up harbirs in tUeN,.'ninai l-Nad i t
and nosw thain <hej t lyof-sh -
been g'rged, ' we are-t iri m
,n u-newvwur orfthe'hnngry it nv ;4p
from the- priries of the-et t jIne
devour or sutances . The g rnent, w'
had fondly hoped~was abuotieagg
anng we wecre about to realize the hiessing f -
low dutties and simp'ae- consitautionile aeimJi
lurea. But suddenly new doctin'-Ia b~4i
pittClaim~ed, and, wn sepJioFei ilI
called on to)fo!luw. We- pEUhb o ff
marks of the Rtepublicaji S.:teIgiat'
any inew finger-boirda. Weadheretogilh~d
raith of stict ' on.strzu. and.if a.;aewMagt
mighty power,: - n .the. great aiml -growing
West, is springing up-to rule this confederaef
by brutal numbers alone, let it be done by the1
sword at onco, rather thani to claim the riglirtoa
do so under the guarantees of the Contiuinmn.
And if they attemnpt to'ierpsett' t ' iflthia.
lowemi schemes, we trust ini Gad! atisf
of the policy of South Carolinai, me irffa
nit the right, with so~ieoekl
ror fear of boinig coj e
worse at tlie hands of Qjihard tasktmat~,
N!our doctrine is, -intrle languagedos:aMr.taa
Calhoun,'" Free trnde;-low duties~j -
Trian banks; retrenchnient ;s ecomt~42t4~ ~
ridct construction of the Constittion
These are uonie ofthegreat poiri whiiiI
and we trust, that i theitsch( ft~
hey will ackwlege detiianto nao ja s
arth, save South Carolina, her hono and er
qterests. -
We have ozi ouir iablithe tst
he sixth wonn'nwter
Lgricukturst a jourpal devotedot
ion of Agriculture and Horticul~ rustand
lomestic economy, inthe Mod! esc4ioni~of
lie United States. Thistperdicaispiluaii
t Charleston,Soutk aCarolina bgrA.i~
~r. It is scarcely neussif#e
a public patronage ai joairhaiaitoilii
ater which'the odnf ifbeeis
resent nubfcatsa
f considerabeicteresttth ae -
s pages he couldi fail
ona. Tis wor is-p
aree dollars, payable od- .
me only journal;>w. elier~
usively devoted t6(W2ii
achipeaseho~ ilW f
ad our fe1 1
aectedalt
r at

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