Newspaper Page Text
_rom the Baltinove Parriot.
\VASHIN GVON, Feb. 12, 1S47. lit Senat.-The . telgrapbic despatch yesterday reported that the resolutions of fered by Mr. Yulee, for expelling the aei itor and reporter of the Union, were then under consideration before she Senate, and that so much as referred to the reporter was withdrawn. A- debate followed, in which Mr. Yulee, Butler, Allen, Turney. 'Calhjun, and others participated.-The speeches of Messrs Turney and Calhoun - being personally interesting, we give them at much length. Mr. 'Purney said we were indeed living in strange times. senators on his side of the chamber were told that they, having the majority, were responsible for what was done. This was entirely an error. There was a party -in the Senate which might be termed the balance-ol-power party, for they could shape every thing as they pleased. The country he thught ought distinctly to know the condition of parties. i-t order that the responsibility might rest where it properly belonged. He -lid -nut -approve of the term "Mexican -victory," that was used by the correspon dent-of the Union, though in point of fact 'the matter alluded to by that correspon dent was sucit as emphatically enured to the benefit of the Mexican cause. lie stated what was substantially true. Where then was the slander? Lie did not think that the editor should be held responsible (or the d.'clarations of his correspondent, especially as the very paper containing them gave 'he facts which justified him in calling it a Mexican victory. He was inclined to the opinion that the publication of that article had contributed to the final passage of the army bill. 'If the course of proceedieg proposed by these resolutions -should be followe-d, it would be an act c(und the public ought to understand it) done by the Senate for which the Demo cratic was hot responsible. If he were elloved to make a prediction, he would -say that-the three m ilion bill would be lost. He saw indicatio'us enough to con *v'iuce hin that such would he ite fact, .and he supposed the De,.mocratic party -were to be held responsible for this also. .the responsibility for all these things ought .to be placed where it properly belonged. Mr. Yulee inquired of the S'nator frotn Tennesseo what he meant when he spoke of a balance-of-power party. Mr. Turney replied th:e't he simply meant to say that there was a eertain n'nn ber of Senators in that body who consti tuted a balance of- power party; who could by uniting themselves either with Sena. ators on the other side or on this sile, carry or reject any measure they pleased; and-who, in the majority of instantces, h: -believed, during the present session, had chosen to vote witu Senators on the other side. Mr. Yulee desired to be informed by the Senator if he meant to assert that there was an organized party, segregated and acting seperately for.the purpose of corn ,., - t - nandin am;anajority lby attaching them -sions wer&'io usarly. balanced tharthe ma jirity was created by such Senators as happened to differ on certain ques'ions from the party with which they usually acted, because if the laiter was tneant he could ;only say that the Senatur from Tennessee himself pursued " the very course that he fonad fault with. Mr. Turney said it was very true he somelimes voted against his party and he should always do so when he believed they wvere in the wrong. But wh-at he meant to say was, and he believed it was generally understood. that amrsong the Democratic psarty there were aspiranite for the Presidency,' andI those aspirants had their peculiar friettds and followers. who were ready on all occasions to act in such a tmanner as to give to the aspirant the asceudency. .lf it were demanded of him he could point out one such aspirant, though he would rasher not be comrpelledl to do, w. Nor dlid he think it necessary to be ...m" explicit; for he believed it was a .atter dlistinemy understood by the wnole country. As to the question which hadl bee., put to him by the Seisa t- r fr~ Floridla, whiether the party he ha-i spoken of as being the balance of' po wer party was an organtized onte he would s-ty that he knew nothing of its .:rgan'za -tio~n. He only knew that its head was organized, and that he prescribed to his followers the course they shouldi take. Trhis party, he contended, small as it miight be, should alone be responsible to the Ainerican people for the passage or rejectiont of all these measures wvhich, the necessites orf the cuuntry rcequired. Mr Calion then rose and~i sail; T an really obliged ti sthe gentlemnan frorm TVen nessee f'or giving mes an oppor'uairy ii rep~el a grear man is aas~stioins whi.le, -i1 have seen upon this ver-y snusjecs, ando the endseavor' to tix upo31nmyseifand~ frie-nds the responssi ito y oft watv~. h- -s tspoken that there was on thys side of the [ ouse a party combhined uogeth.'-r, in r'eference' to presidential elect monis. it ho cont rolled tal tmeatsures in reference to 'hat, I have al readly denied that I wat atsy candidate for the presitdeucy. I appeal to every fr'iend .w-o my friends upon this floor, upon either side of the House, and to every onei in theo State of South Carolina. if my whole course of conduct has not beer. this; that 1 would not accept the Presidertcy unless it comes to me by the voice of the American people. andI then only tfrom a~ sense ofrduty, and taken as an obligation. At mny time of life the Presidlency is noth ing--nothinig--and for many a long year Mr President, I have long aspired for an object far higher than the Presidency that is, doing miy duty int all circumstan ces-..in every trial-irrespective of par ties, and wvithtout regard to friendships or enmities, but simply in reference to the prosperity of' the cnuntry. If my life he reviewed hereafter, [ leave to those whto may reviewv it ,i'e settle neat of this qutes tion. Whmat chtargo has he made out against myself anud the few of my friends who have voted with me dsaring the pres ert session ? Where has he shown that we have rejected or abandoned any mneas urea conneIc'tedl with the conduct of this war? One single act only, and that is- not voting for thn preposition for a lieutenant general. Now. Mr. President, on this we need tno apology. I oeed not to show that I wvas governed b~y no motives but those If the American people have been unani inous on any one point, they have been on that.-Now, this is the only one act, and I am happy that, here in my place, in the presence of thi-s large audience, that this charge has been made, so that the whole truth may go firth with regard to it. But nut a single vote has been giv en on which his charge could rest. For if there had been another only, it would have been added to the long catalogue which the Senator from Tennessee had drawn up against me. Not one. Well, there is another I am suspected of. It is suspected that I will not vote for the three million bill; and that because I said, when I spike on the subject, I waited for fur ther developements. Was there anything Mr. President, in that-was the Senator ignorant that the proposition had been made in the other House, and probably would.be made here, to stick the Vilmnt Proviso in it ? I put it to him-I put it to Senators on both sides, who represent Southern portions of the Union--whether ho or any of them will vpte for the bill if that anetidment be appended? And be cause I choose to make this reservation and there are other reasons not necessary to be stated at present, equally -powerful -because I chobse to make this reserva tion, I air to be held up as embarrassirig Congress, consuming its time and oppo sing measures necessary to carry on the war ! Well, as to that consumption of time, that is one of the most unfounded insinuations. Is there any Senator at all who takes any part in the debates, who has consumed less time than myself ? -it may be there are aspirants to the Presi idency who think something may be gained by making these charges. I know not. Or it may be that the individual feeling of the Senator himself from some personal feeling, although 4 do not know how this can be, as I have never had the slightest personal difference with him. Well he accuses me of voting against the bill the other day upon the ground of some coustitutional ot'jetion, and that I hail given a different vote in the senr 1813. There was a bill passed in 181.3, Put is there any evidenco this question was made or prescn:ed ? I believe the Seantor from. Massachusetts [Mr. Webster.] was then a member of the House. He may he able to tell. It is a long time ago. 1 have largotteni all about it. But to the best of in) knowledge I never saw the questiont presented as 'o the constitutionality of the provision, till it was raised by the Senator from Connecticutt, [ lr. huntington] in the discussion here. Mr. Webster here said; Whether it was discussed earlier than May, 1813, 1 know one, but I know the question -.was not raised then, nor since, till now. Mr. Calhoun. So I thought. But does not the senator know .th-it, in these complicated measures, often very iinportant constitutional qitesti.ms may not present themselves ? Now am I tube charged, on such grounds, as having changed miy opnions-pleauing intiuacy atone time, and dotage in another, h.r .such is the language which the senator applies. But again: trising troma the annexation of Texas. I did take a deep interest in that teasure of annexa tion, and to no art of mny life do I revert with mnore entire salierat'tioi.. Annextin at that time, according to my opinion, was a question of pure necesity I might go inte this miatter ifit would not occupy the tia of the Senate. (Cries of "go on.") According to my view, the time was not propiious in one aspect. There then was a tintority iii favor ofannexi ion. It had scarcely a single advocate in this body. and but two or three in the other body, and it appeared to be a very hopeless task to attempta catrryinig throu-.h sneh an impuirtanlt measure as tint. Whreni niommalted for the of lice of~ Secretary of' Slate, I put ite .strongest remtonistrancer wvhich I could draw~ against the acceptancen of it. I wrote to my friends liere, biut befure the reinonstranice reached themi I was untanimnously appointed. I saw thait the administration was weak. anid that ai very im portanlt mneasiure would be liable to be defeated if aii elfort were not mnade. But circumlstances mnate it inevitablle. I ausce'rta ined irotn sources perfectly reliable, that at the World's Conven 11on the *A merican dele.ation suggested to the aboitioniists 'if Eniglatnd that tnow wvas the time to act. If they wi'hed to aitm a fatal blow at slavery, it must he at Texas; and in order te do that Englantd must obtain the atsccnden~cy in Lexas. I received information--I will nuot say slcil--fromn a quatter in which there could be no miistatke. that an interview had taken place between I.ord Aberdeen and a d.-ptttation of' the0 World's C'inventiona. I was the~n at home in South Carolina. and iimmediately transmitted to (be Secretary oif State that iinformationi, ac comnpanied by the suggestionl that it demanded i.stanlt :ittenltioni. I suippose that letter and my coimniantioni formed one of the reatsonls for the imovieent then ma~de for annexation. What wvas then the conidiiion of Texas! She" was weak, and the suag-e'stiena was that .iexico would reco~gnize her itndepiendence irshel would gree to abolish slatvery. The time hiad come. andt the conisegn.m-nc'e had) to be inst. I accepts '-d the o!liuc wit'i all theise difficulties before n-. I s., d this offi-ce is tmaceptatble to me. I , i t a gre at dleal of repuitaition. as I judge fromt the il.innelr in wich I have beena unmi :nItt :-i't een:.firm.' I will eperienice grea. bhalinitty, and may come11 out with mutih less reputt tiltin I go it, ilut I tundemrtook it, nd when I unrderiak" a thing, I do tt directly. [ put it on the trne ground, that this movement wits intenadedl to bring 'Texas umider the control f En4iglanid, to abobsm slatvery there. anid thtro' hat, abolitton throughout the country. A trea y was ormned. aind tt shared the litte that might huave abnost been expected from the weaknes., o>' the administration. It was defeated. But he Senator says I had stipulated in that treaty hat the Itio Granade wats the boundary. Mr. Turney. I remarked that I- had never ead the treaty. but I unmderstood that its terms Ient to thme itio Grande. Mr. Calhoun 'The Senator is just as wrong n that a itn the whole of his misunderstanding. o such thing, sir! It was expressly left opeit. 'he two respectable commissioners from Tex s will bear me testimlony. It was --xpressly eft open in order that the boundary might he sbsequentdy established by negotiation with lexico. I know a senator or this body put a onstructionl on it similar to that of' the senator from Tennessee, and which was assailed. But s sooin as that treaty was signed by the Presi :ent, [ commutnicated directly with the Mexi an govertnment, through our charge de affaires, and stated that I was ready to settle all ques tions of' difference, and anmngst ethers the bondary. upon liberal. prinici ples I dlid not ream of this war- But I am reaponsible, be ause if Texas had not been annexed we would not have had a Mexican war! Is hie surei Why, thi's is an attack on Mr. Polk ! What is the staple of the message, but that the real ase of the war was injuries committed upon Anerican citizens, long before annexation ? as the gentleman overlooked that I And did ot General Jackson and Mr. Van Buren de' lare that those injuries were a just cause of war? The immediate cause of the war was the arching of our forces from the fronlder-[A Wig Sna.rpnna Chr,=,i'-fbrm or. pus Christi to the banks of the'lI Norte. That clearly made the invasion, io called, by the President, and hence the declaration, on his part, that the Itiodel Norte was the boun dary. But it is an effect of adxnition.. If General Taylor had remained tijere he was, there would have been no inv'asion-no 11i del Norte as a boundary to be estabiLshed by treaty and declaration of Ctongress- The fact is, and cannot be di.gnised. L eueral Arista, who cotmmanded on the MexicadIlie, said, if. .1 am not greatly mistaken-andfirzny goe.tle. man supposes I am, by looking intb the records at the State Department. he: will fnd the fact that Arista made a comtnmuicaiun, :ether by writing or thro' a faithful agent; (nd Ittink it was recently published in one oft onithor'a papers.)-[A Senatr. Yes.-tl. -Genera I Taylor remained on our side-ohf e'i r, hr (Arista) would remain on his.srI and the: b th might send out aexpeditionttslisito guar against tudian depredations: andrWe for any purpose we thought proper. So; en, the wa was made by the amarcht to he'Del Norte. Tha, the President believed that to be our boundary was very proper; and that irvesion; was to te repelled, was the natural conhqtjence. But the great question comes up :Ha the Exect' tive the tight to determine what der buutnd::ry is.? When we have a dispue'bnidary quet tion-and we have had madit-does it belong to the Executive or Congress'to determine it I '['here are two ways to do ii. One is by n Co .tlation and treaty ; to be performedby the Ex ecutive. and this body. in case thwionations agree-to negotiate. The other. fthe party disputes the boundary, and. wit come to terms, for Congress to decla to be our boundary, and maintain it at e hazard of war. How tong did the boitndary of-mainc re main unsettled 1 From the' aEblowltdgeateht of independence it 1753. down-to the titne that the Senator frmn Massirchuselts clised it by a treaty. Bul did tiny of the Piaeidents think of marching troops Upon the linef The British held Fort Stunwtx but Gcn'ra'.Watshtmgton did not make any such movment. Certainly the Senator ton South Carolita is not to be held re potisible for this war.'. I might say more on this subject but I will notdetain the senate. The gent'eman ha:i made ia great many cha:rges a'hout my pohitiral course. lie has charged me. with. imacosis tony, and representing me all voting favorably on all sides. The gentletnan's understandi .g on this paint is just as clear as on-anyotlher I leave that all to history I willjnot say that I have not changed my opinians on many things -and not many on que-tiots of policy. My mind is rather aged. Like ill young men on coining to Congress. of coarse thy wind went through a process of disciplinn and change be fore it settled further dayn with regard to all principles in their details and minuttia. I had to so through that process. 4beni. cane into Congress the great qtestion wts that of war, on which I took an active ahd' 1d stand. I was afterwards for some years he War De partment, and then came bacfin 1833 and from that day to this ,he volume of my life is known to the country; and hallenge the Senator, or any Senator on this foor. to show. from that day to this, wherein 1 have change'l my views. He says that. when the question came up on the recognition'oif Texats. 1 be longed to that side of the I ousc Now I belong to neither side. Several Senators-the Soana tor from North Caroitna neare.itu me, and the Senator from Massachstts, c~n.testify as to that. I never met im caucuspin. consnlati. n with either side of the House:- -1took my own independent couarse, standing. &arly alone for same years, voting what I bel .ed.:to be the at've never aten e t aose'mee ngs r to purpose of deliberation with geatilemen on this side of the House, except diritg the period of excit,-ment in 1'311, and in the -catta session called by Geni Harrison. air President, I have. been a lnug time a member of this body. It is the first time in which an assalt has been made upon tme with out the slightest provocation. It seetts to tme that if the gentle tmuai had answered yes, n hen asked if lie referred to me, it would have been more manly. But lie pomnted to ine, awil I cotli not remain silent. It is painful to mne. sir, tao comet ont on these occasiotis; I desire rather never to spteak ol them I i.zardtti the gendematn, foir he3 hias given men opportuiity -to set mayself right oat certaina poinits, int relattion to which I wish to statnd right. anid muay take attother opportaity to mtake myself amore lfidly izuderstood. As to the war, I have deplored it. I have depic red it for its ciseqtencies. I have deplored it for theeven'ts wvhiich tiave stic ceeded. I did tioi wish to speak upotn it. I had kept silent. Assailed here atnd hirungitaout the country, frieands urged mae to come otat and explain at the latst session. I .'onlid have re. mnaineid silentt ont the praesetnt occasiont, until I| saw a lit anud sui:abie opportutnity, before ex presutng any opiniotn. I have beent oipposedl to the war ott igh consideration.4 canntected with the mnaniter ont which it was brought ott Anid here let ime say, what jiust naw comets tat any mmtd. It may~ be asked. thinakiing as I did. Why did I not taske some1 step to arrest the march of Geni. Taylor* in thte first .place, [ nteverheard tthr- mtarcha was ordered naitil a long timte allet it took place. [ got the informrnatin fiuuim tihe Sentator fromt Delaware, [Mr. .1. a.11 Clayton.] who will rneember what I said. I sacid it was imnpossible ; that snuch a thting could ntot be; atnd I could not believe it until assuried by thte fact. Ahier it was ohliacially annoiuncedl, I bald to tmy frienids,-the mnarcht of Gets. Taylor ouaght to be arrested-it is bri:gin:; an war - I said to several genatlemen otn thatt sidat ,f the chtamtber, anud particularly. ii my itemoary serve tme, 4o the deu-ator frotm Delaware, as thte ittfor mtiaonat origitaully camto fronr-h.mn. I said tat httn and tn athters, th-t th.. Oregon anal Alexicatn qIuesttmtt were connitected--thtat we shiouild avoid war with England. rathter thain Mexico -thube botha wevr undesirable-hut it was tbehpdtawecould settle the Ore goin, bef.re wye caould be called into a Mextcan wvar. Anid the reasons. sir, that I did inot antd could not moave tat reference to General Tray iur,. which othterwise I motst assuredly waeuld have duone, was, that it was tiebessary fur nme to mamttain kind relations with the .Executive upon the questlon with Entgluand, in reference t , Oregon, ma.rirtha: I might, if possible. exer cise sonme influenice in effecting a peaceful is site. If it had been othterswise, I certatinly would have mtoveud thtat thte marcha be arrested, and dhe war averted. I cotdd state somte liaets in relaationi to Oregon, but I am not ar lib, rty. I miught do so. Bitt I forbear. I rtank the Seniate (or the kindness with whtich it has now heard mte. Mr. Turntey returnted to the charge of incont sistency which lhe hail broutght~against the Seta atot from South Carolina, and referred to de bates itn the Sentate, in 18316.ihets tf Ite was iot mistaken. lie had beerialisrged by'the S en-i ator from Massachusetts,. (Mr. Web- ter,) anmd the Senator from Kenitucky, (Mr. Clay,) with deserting the wvhig party. Hie atluded, also, to his changes in reference to the-.U. S. Batik question, and the Independient Treasury. Some words then passed betweena M r. Yuiee and Mr. Turney, in reference to, the origina of the resolution behore the- Senate. whaich had given rise to the debate. Mir. Y. said the res olutions were htis owni, anad introduced on his own responlsibiility. M r. Trur'ney inquired. liad not the Senatoir from Floridat held a consultationuat his seat with the Senator from South Carolitna, before the presentig oh these resolutions. Mr. fruhee said thte resoluttns were his own. and was ahout replying to the interrogatury, when Mr. Calhotun begged permission of thte Setn otor from Florida, to state the facts respectimy ti,.r. conersainn. which ite latter might feel.. perhaps some delicacy in doing. Mr. C. then stated, that on coming to the Senate on the morning ofthe day on which the resuluttios were submitted, he founed the Senator from Floriday much excited-in reference to the arti cle in the Union, and proceeded to detail what had taken place between them, which was not distinctly heard or understood by the reporter. Mr. Ynlee said that the Senator from Ar kansas, (Mr. Sevier.) had borne tes.ineony that. before the Senate met, he had spoken to him on the subject. He had drawn up the resoli. tions Ii;mseslf, and submitted them to a few Sen at'rs befone offering theta. He hal held no conversattion with the Senator from South Car olina, upon the subject of the Presidency dn rin the whole of the session-nor had he ever :iven a vote with the slightest relierence to the 'residency. Mr Y. then proceeded to ex press the high estimation in which he held the distingished Senator front South Carolina, as 1 s'atesnait and be ielactr to his country, and lefied the Senator from Tennessee to point to -isingl.- instance which wounhl justify his charge Jr. Y. thetr comniented somuewhat at length potn the charge that the annexation of Texas vac the imme.ia'e camese of the war. 'Ic. Butler remarked that the honorable Sen .tor .rom 'lennessee had been pleased to de -igutate or id.entify a parry to which lie had been pleired to give the namve of the balance of-party po er, anti had gone so far as to iden t fy hint (.Ir B.) with that party. The poeirit ofthecharge was. that they professed to adi with the pirty they were secretly co operatitng with another. Srch a thought could only en ter into the mind of a inati who could re-tail a private cniversatiu which lie hail acciden tally overheard. When the Senator from Ten nessee Said that. for the balince of his life lie would endeavor in be honiest. lie sincerely hoped that lie would permit decency to go alon with his honesty. .\1r. B. siud there was no such power party-iio far.tion. Never had he seen-such an assault in any deliberate body as had bee-n made uepon his colleague to day Mr. B. e.omtinued with many remarks of a per sonal nature against the Scnator from Tennes see. Mr. Tuirney replied to the remarks of the last speak,-r. and while he was doing so Mr. Man gite eailt the Senator to order. The Vice President desired the Senate to understand the relation of the presi ling otlicer toc the Senate, in re-tence to this debate. I le thought the whoil debate for three hnre past was out ol' order. lut the Senate had tolerated it. and lie woul.l only itierlre when callea nion to do so by th'mreetle:eni themselves. After a few woerds from. Mr. Westcott, npen the point of order. .1r. Ilangim withdrew his objection, anid Mr. Tutrney procreeded and ceencluded his rd ply to the Senator fro:n S. C., (Mr Butler.) After a few word-, of explanation between Messrs. Allen and Yulee, in relirence to the proceedings of the last session. tepon the case of the editors of the Tunes, and without atton ueon theIresslttion, on totion, the Seiate ad jourued. From he National Intelliencer. The remarks of Mr. Senator luuer. ins the debate of Friday, having attracted some attention, and detached parts of his reinarks having been communicated to alte "Union" for publication, there is an obvious propriety in a correct report of their tenor being placed before the public, as follows Mu. President, this debate has asumed a most extraordinary character. It was --e--n - ,lutr-.-2asinatio:- -ny relation to my honorable colleague, top call the gentleman from 'T'ennessee to order. But I tmust cunfebs that I thought propri ety requires it, and that it would have been due, fr.n some other qiarter. In this I tuts disappointed. Vhat is the spectacle we have just wit nessed ? Why, sir, a Senator if one of the sovereign Staes in thib Union has th:ought propeer to convert himself into-a vehicle to puer ont iii the Senate all the tee wvspaeper slan g that he coul gathlen for the purpese of assniling muy collenuaue lfromt Sou'h Cairolinia. :\th tatter what cir cumstances has thbis been done ? My colleatgue ha'd nuot staid onte word mn the debaite; yet he wa'cs cnot alluded to, but cal led tip in t he niost wan toii n anoter to answer for the acts of his wvhole life. I shatll noet go toe his rescue. His rescue! No -not from an asstiuhl fromn such ac qtuarter. My colleag-te'cani vinadicato himselfagainest anyv -assaubs, comne wvhence they maty, anid he certainly is in no danger from s-.ch aussacuhs as he received in the indecent at t ick ott him by the Senator from Tenntes see. That gentthe-natn has saidl th.ut, for the remainder of his life, in political al'irs, he intends toj be honest. - onily hotee tht his sense of decency will groew with his heen esty. Somec meat haive so beautiftil a sense of propricey at they never cian err in metters of taste aned decorumt. T'here are others whoee, foerge-tfuel of every other coni sidleraitioni, take -counesel only from the stig gdstetons oh 'heir passions anti prejudlices. T'o such persotns it moight be surprising that any memnbers of the Senate coulhd pt eferi to act uder the obligations of coni scienc~e. arisitig oat oef their' regard fr the consitutiont, rather thatn yield with bilind submisi5ionto th de dietniaes of party. 1t is for hoavmg dlone so -forn thtus preferrine conscienice to party-that sucvh memnbe% have been desigted as a party acting ine concert, as a balance-of-power party, to thwart the measures of Governent. The individuals of this pairty were too clearly indicated to be mistaken. They were spokeni (if as those who voted agaitnst the appoitntment of a Lietutetnanu Geaneratl. And what was said of theme ! Why, that 4te not only cotnstitutedh a subsqervienit Taction, bujt au reacherous faetion, that professed to act with one party wvheni it really co operatted with aneother for the puirpoase of carrying out the utnpatriotic op position. I cannetot sit with patience andi ncear myself thus uniworthily spoken of. I owe it to the State which I represent to repel such remarks in the spirit of inidig taunt rebake. 1 canneet tell to w hat motive'to attribute the violent remarks of the genitlemnan. Wats it vuanity ? or envy 1 or whatt was it. that hatd produced such feelings 1 My honora ble colleague made, the other day,a speech which was universalhly aepplaude-l feor its great ability. The gentleaman may have thought it no great achievemtntt; lie tmay have thoght he could surpass it. If so, he has been greautly disapepoteed. If the object of the gentleman be ton dem lish the subject of his attack, le undertakes a hard task. We are told tat atn eagle onice, to the great adm'ratione of the other birds, boere off'in his talons a lamb ; butt another bird, wheo thought it no great achievement, experienced a dhiD'erenit fate, whent, by way of showing what be could do, he fasuenedi his claws in the wotol of tihe ram ; for, in stead of carrying teff his prey, he could net unleoose hintself, buet became the laughing stock of all mhn other hirds, ('he Mexican War, Slavery-Wilmot Pro. Viso. "I have learned, to day, that the Pres dent and his friends have given a'sstir~en :es to the Northern democracy 'that if hey will suller the Three lillion Bill to pass, without amendment, the North shall have no occasion to complai of the treaty hat will be made with Mexico. That is to say, the President promises that he will take no cession of territory south of the parallel of 36? 30', and that, therefore, the slavery question will be avoided. This is said to be the reason for the detertmina lion of many of the Northern democratic members to vote against Wilmot's provi. so. The proposition for a boundary made by Mr. Sevier, comes very near to this line, and is probably intended to hit it. The line of 36* 30' leaves Santa Fe 20' to the north of it, and every point on the Pa ci fic that is-desirable to non-slaveholding States." We read the above in the Couriir of Monday, in a letter from its Washington Correspondent of the I'lth February. We hnd ourselves been put in possession from high athority, of something of the same kind'; indeed the facts are said to have come from parties in the negotiation, but we have had so abiding a confidence in t:,e fidelity of the President, that we have not been able to crelit a charge which would consign him to the unmitigated conulemnation ..f the slave States, if true. The treason to them, their institutions, their character, and their very existence would b.e e o deep and unnatural a parricide that lnniguage wotld be wanting to give expression to the universal indignation which would consume the authtbr. It is impossible that a son 6f the South would sign a 'treaty which would be a national libel on the people am! instilutidns of fil teen S'tites, and which would deprive them, for reasons the most humiliating to their feelings and degrading to their self respec', of any share in the lands they had nided by their best blood and -their tress ures to win. Nay, we caonot believe that Mr. Polk would ever put such an indigni ty on the people of Tennessee, Louisiatta, Maryland and Mississippi, whose gallant sons stormed Monterey, as to tarn th'em disgracefully out of the vary lands they won with their swords, because being slave holders, they are unfit to be the equals of the Narth and the West. In what has the South the Slave-hol ding States, been lacking? Have their Vu unteers been less daring, less true, less firtn ? The experitneut, let who will try it to tamper with %such men-to debase them or the country they represent, is too mod and too wicked for any l'resident, much less one who is a Southern man, and who has been elected and sustained by so large a portion of the Soutiei'n people. For whit reward could Mr. Polk lid ter his honor and his country's existence, hy such a heartless betrayal of -them ? The reward would be power-a re-elec iiou-secured by the support of the ene -in , lgs - .. i , o elma head of whom wo'uld be Joshua (iddinge, .fohn Quincy Adams, iadkid by tae Silas Wright Democrats. It is ithpdsiihle. Mr. Polk cannot desire re-ethcti6n. He his aver and over again declared iost sol emnly his determinati-m not to serve aain. If he has tecliiod power at hon arable men's hands, would he thow degrade himself aind betray his frtends :td country to get it at such base sources ? and by Much tase means ! It is impossible-we will not believe it. But why is it there is suich commotion, why are the elements so profoundly tmoved to their foundations at Washington ? Is there nto cans-, no ground for alartr a-id anxiety to the Slave States? Far, very far from it. Never we believe in thetr history have the people of the Slave States, encountered a crisis of mnore vital dangers. lie must be blindI indeed who does nor see the fatul blows aimed by pre tended frietnds, Detnocrats of the North and WVest, in conjunc'ion with old bitter enemies, at the power and the very exis tnce of the Slave States, through their institutions. The Wilmot proviso is ttn extinguisther, if it becomes thme rule of ac 'ion. on their character and their power. FTey are to be subtijugated andi trampled on-taxed of t heir treasures and drainedl of their best blood, to conquer lanads from which thtey are to be drivemi as unworthy 10 itihabi t-kicked, spitrred a 0I despised. And these lands ott their own very bordets, are to be mate the nursertes ofstrengthin whticht new enemies to them and their itnstit utiotns are to be planted, to add to the already overgrown po wer of ptioud oppres stirs. A belt of new States is to be drawvn till around them as a wall of fire. within wihnse Atnacotida embrace they may wvrithe and struggle as they please, but they' will inevitably be crushed and swallowed up' at last. Better now to face this danger-to meet it at once w hile we are strong and equal while our tnen have arms in their hands, atni spirit antd soul is left to defend the rights their Fathers woo in times past. Char. Mercury. Can it be so ?-Thte following state tent published itt the New York Courier, we have tntt met with elsewhere. II it he true, which we dottbt, it shows the exis tence of an evil that ought to be speedily ibol ished. Letters for the Army-We understand that great dillienhly is encountered in the army, ini hearing from their friends itn the United States, iin consequence of the gov srnmnent regulations upon the subiject. Laetters for' the army not postpaid. on 'eachitng Brazos Santiago are stopped, intd of course never received hy those to wvhomn they are addressed. This seems o us wrung and most unjust. Tho Vicksburg W~hig gives the details rf a fatal tragetdy in that city. A quarrel detwveen Mr. H. B. lBaleh and Hugh H-. itnney led to blows-the fortmer beamting he latter severely with a stick. Balch hen left the room in which the fight oc ~urred, amid as ho wvent out of tbe door, Pininey discharged .a pistol .at him. the tbtll lodgting in the hatnd of Balch. Col. A. .M. Winn, a friend of Balch, under the impression that he had beentri urtally, wou nded then shot Finney twice, wvho fell llead. Both Balch and Wino have been Correspndence of te Chas. Mercury. WAsatSNTon,) Feb. 9. Mr. Calhoun made to-day..on the Mex ican war, one of the most oasterly spee ches ever delivered in the Senate on any subject. At its conclusiou-, Gen. Cass could not refrain from rising and expres sing his high admiration of the effort, as replete with transcendent ability. lie took the l.osition that the ohjects of the' war can only be completely .atid certainly gained, by a defensive policy. fle'iraced the progress of an offensive war in.Mexico, w ith wonderful power, and- a staunch Demoerat, hithertolhut for conquesr. said - to me, he demnonstrated thes.absurdity of such a war. He proposed. holding pos session of the line if' the -Rio Grands up to tlhe Paso del Norte, and thence West to the Pacific, being the:32d parallel of lati, 1 tude. This line however, lie would hold subject to negotiation. Alr. Calhoun's speech will-certainly stagger the Administration in their pro posed vigorous aggressive wa-r, whilst it strongly supports their policy as'to the acquisilio.: of territory. It is neither the Whig policy of withdrawing our troops. from Mexico, nor the Administration pol icy of conquests; whilst it proposes ob taining all we can get by aggressive war, at !i tle cost of men and means. Mr. Calhoun's policy will be condem ned by both parties, but his argument is too powerful to leave mtiJ strength to those who choose to bppose it. Thelhand of conquest will he so enfeebled,that most proustlhly the policy will be abandoned. If persised -in, it will carry, the pa'ty up holding it to certain.'rris. This, is.tite general -talk about .the Capitor; whilst there is but 49o.opjgion.as to the signal ability with vhich Mr. Cal'houn .has en forced his views. At all events, this speech will produceb a pause,-a re.examination of the whole subject by both parties, and eves that-may result in incalcoable good to the country. in .the estimation of all here, Mr. Cal . houn's speech will have an immense effect on the public opinion of the Union. Correspondence of the Evening News. WAsnINoTON, Feb. 13, 1847. In the Senate to day; Mr. Dix; from the Committee on Commerce, reported a res olution which lies over, requesting the Secretary of the. Treasury -o report to the next session, the cost of erecting a ne* Custotn House for Charlesten. Some other matteri having been dispo - sed of, the Senate-resutined the considera tion of tbp resolution of.Mr. Yulee, to ex pel Mr. Ritchie-, of the Union, for the libel lous.ar-tjcles published in his paper. Mr. Calhoun made some brief.remarts in favor of the resolutioz.and spoke of - the articles in the Union, as a- most fa grant libel upon -the body. .. . Mr. Yulce made a long speech in de fence of. himself and his resolution. Mr. Hanegan thdigsjit the.Seitateought to consider itself as suficionily di'gnifed 1.4 treat all such newspaper -asacksa ith si lent coutcmpt. - A Messag ewas receis.bytih'''uase - front tie 'resideut, ctalling antention to the fact that in case war shoulisfortlaater be protracted, the term of setvies of the present volunteer force will 'shortly eg pire. After enumerating the adyantage to be derived-from a re-enlistment of the same moo, lie asks the authorityfo accept the services of such as may wish to vol unteer for another year.j also fatr supply ing the places of t he inuerous ollcers whd have resigned since the commencement of the war, lIe says iromn the passage of th6 act anthiorizing thle wvar, ,it has .been hi& aimt to prosecdte it with the utmnost vigor, with a view of pi-ocuring an honorable peace. He also calls attention fo the fact* that the ten regiment bill .thus pa'ssed, does not provide for the formation of trig, ades, or for the appoiatment of Getieral Oflicers. He trusts Congress will pass a bill accomplishing this objectbefore the terminatton of the session. He..alitides to the state of the fitances, and recommendA suCh a tax upon Tea and Gof'ee,:during ' the wvar, as will briug ..i two ind,. a half millions; also the graduattop of the price '' of thte public lands, which he 'thinks will yield an increase of half'~ 'iillidn, making in the wjhole, three millions of dollars. Hie feejls assured that the people would cheerfully assent to this, upotn the express undersaunding that thte tax shall terminaie with the war. Se says It would 'obviate the great expense of a loatn to that amount, and would lbe in every way preferable to borrowing so much motney, -with interest payable semi-annually. He repeats his fortmer statement, that whenever Mexico shall indicate a disposition to do justice to us, hte will be always ready to hold out the olive bratnch instead of the sword. The different portions of the Message were referred to appropriate Committees. It iE very muach doubted whether the tea and coffee tax will prevail. The New-York Herald remarks that the new measures proposed by the Etnglislt government are of the utmost importance. - The ports are probably to be immediate-j iy opened for the free admission of foreign corn of every kind, wvhich th6 dutyof four alhillings sterling wvill be abolished. The navigation laws are to be suspended, b. vWhach corn will be admitted in vessels o every nation, and sugar is to be allowed .~ in distilleries; These measures_ will be' carried, as the protectionists hav..promi sect to give them their support. They have been forced from the' governmient by the awful condition of thie p'eople of fre land,. WA.SHNaroTorI, februaryJ5i You will perceive by thie report of Con gressional proceedings that inike~.House of Repteseotatives the Wilmot proviso: had been attached to the. Thrie .Million Sill, by a vote of ayes 115,' noes416, and' . the bill was then passed by a samalar.vote,, i. e. ayes. 115 106 noes, thougisomne who voted No on the' previous' vote, voted Ay on the second,-anidSii.Versa. -* It had been thought for some days. past in this city th~tthis mischief-breeding pro-j viso, wotld have -'been ,defeated, io thde considerabile surprlse wias manifested at4 the resuhl. It is worth'y of r'emark thai the South was true to itselfon this question with one exceptioo-anAl that was John'W. Hous ton, of Delaware, who voted.rotethis Wit-. ,niot proviso, although representing a Slaye