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'which we already possess, or.may possess
if this is to be the fixed policy of the Govern ment, Iask what will be our situation hereaf ter. - Sir, there is ample space fortwelve or fifteen of the largest-description of Sittes in the terri tories belonging to the United States. Already a taw.is in course of passage thaon-h the other House creating one north of Wisconsin. There is ample room for another north of Io wa; and another north of that ; and then that large region extending on thisside of the Rocky Mountains, from 49 degrees. down to the Tex an line, which may be set down fairly as an area of twelve and a half degrees of latitude - that extended region of itsell is susceptible of having-six, seven, or eight large States. To this, add Oregon. which extends from 49 to 42 degrees, which will give four more, and I make a very moderate calculation when I say that, in addition to Iowa and Wisconsin, twelve more States upon. the territory already ours without reference to any acquisitions from Mexico-may be, and will be, shortly added to these United Statis. How will we then -stand y .There will be but fourteen on the part of the .South-we are to be fixed, limited. .and forever-and twenty-eight on the part of -the non-slaveholding States ! Twenty eight'! Double our number! And with the same die proportion in the other House and in the elec toral college! The Government, sir, will be entirely in the hands of the non-slaveholding statcs-overwhelmingly. Sir, if this state of things is to go on; if this determination, so soleipuly made, is to be per -sisted in, where shall we stand, as far as this 'Federal Government of ours is concerned 7 What, then, must we do? We must look to justice-to our own idterests-to the Consti tton. We will have no longer a shield even in equality here. Now can we rely upon the -sense-of justice of this body 7 Ought we to .rely upon ti~s ? These are the solemn ques tions which I put on all sides. Sir, look to the past. If we ate to look to that-I will not go into the details-we will see from the beginning of this Government to .the present day, as far as pecuniary resources are concerned-as far as the disbursement of revenne is involved, it will be found that we have been a portion of the community which has substantially supported this Government without receiving anything like a tautamount support from it. But why should I go beyond this very measure itself? Why go beyond this determination on the part of the non-lave holding States, that there can be no farther ad,lition to the slaveholding States, to prove what our condition is ? Sir, what is the entire amount of this policy? -1 will not say that it isso designed. I will not -say from what cause it originated. I will not -say whether blind fanaticism on one side, who titer a hostile feeling to slavery entertained by many not fanatical on the other, has produced it ; or whether at has been the work of men, who, looking to political power, have consid ered the agitation of this question as the most effectual mode of obtaining the spoils of this government. I look to the fact-itself. It is a policy now openly avowed to be persisted in. -It is a policy, Mr. President, which aims to monopolize the powers of thia government and to obtain sole possession of its patronage. Now,-I ask, is there any remedy ? Does 'the Constltation afford any remedy ? And if not, rs thuiee any hope,? 'hose, Mr. Presi dent, are solemn questions-not only to us. but, let me say. to gentlemen front the non - slaveholding States, to them. Sir, the day that the balance between the two sections of the country-the slavelolding States and the not-slavehoding States--r destroyed, isa day that will not be far removed-from political rev olution, anarchy, civil war, and wide spread disaster. The balance of this system is in the slavehelaing States. They are the 'conserva tive portion-always have been the conserva tive portion-always wilf be the conservative portion; and with a due-balance on their part may, for'generations to'come,/Iphold thitdglo. - rtous Union crours. But if this p--liey should be carried out-if we. are to be reduced to a handfull-if we are to become a mere hill-to play the Presidential game with-to count something in the Baltimore caucus-if this is to be the resut-wo! wo! I say to this Union. Now, sir,'1 put again the solemn qutestion - does the Constitution afford ay remedy ? Is thiere any provision in it by which this aggres siVe policy--boldly avowed, as if perfectly consistent with our institutions and the safety and prosperity of the United States, may he confronted 1 Is this a policy consistent wihm the constitution 7 No, Mr. Pr~usident. no ! It is. in alhis features. daringly opposed to the Constitution. W~hat as it ? Oars is a federal Constitution. The States are its conastituesnts, and tnt the people. The twenty-eight States -the twernty-nine States--(i nelnding Iowa.) stand under dais government as twventy-nme mndividuals would stand to a consolidaeted power. It was not maade for the mere indivit alg oap. rity ofthe Stt-s at individualh. No. &ir*, it was mrade for higher ends. It was formed that every State constituting a por tion oaf this great Guion of ours. shutld enjoy all its ad - vantuges, inaturarl and acquired. with greater seurhry. aid enioy them more perfectly. The wvhole system is based on jitstice anid equality;. perfect egnality between the members of this republic. Nor cer that be consistoeat with egunahty which wvill make this pubhin doini a mnonopily oni one side-which, in its conase -quences, wouild plaice the whole power-in one section of tthe Union to be wielded against the -other portion of the Union 1 Is that equality Hlow do we stand -in reference to thai.u terri -torial question-this public don'uain of ours ? Why, sir. what is it ? It is the common prop erty of the States of thais Union. Th'ley are called "the terriruries of the United States." And what are the 'United States' but the Staies united ? Sir, these territories are-the property -of the States united; held jointly far thenir coma mon use And is it cotisistent with justice-is it consistent with equality, that any portion of the partners. ontnmnberiing anotther portion shall oust them in this conmon .property of theirs-ahall paUss any law which shaldl pro0 scribe the citizens of other portions orte Union from emigrating with their property to the ter a itories of the United States ? Wouald that he conasistent-can it be consistent with the idea ofa common property, held jointly lfor the commnn benefit or all? Would it be so con sidered in private life ? Would it not he con sideredl the greatest outrage in the world, andl which any court on the face of the globe would at once aoverrrle ? Mr. Presiddat, not only is that propositin grossly incon- istent with the constitution. but the other. which undertakes to say that no State shall be admeitte I inato this Union, which shall not prohibit by its constitution the existence of slaves, is equally a great outrage against the constitution of the United States. Sir, I kold it to be a fundametntal principle ol'onr political a'v temn, that the people have a right to estab lae what govemnment they may think proper for aNemseves; that every State about to be como a member of this Union has a right to form its own government as it pleases- and that, tua order to be admitted there is but one qualifica inn1 and that is. that the governmnt ishall be republican. It is not so expressly'pare. scribed by the instrument itself, but by that great section- whieln guarantees to every State in-this Union a republican form ofgovernment Now. sir, what is proposed ? It is prop oed, - from a vague;, indefinite, erroneous, and most dangerous conception of private individual lib erty, to overrule this great common liberty which have of framing their own constitution! Sir, the individunal right- or men-is- not nearly so easy to be established by any course ot'reat soning. as his common liberty. And yet, sir, hero .... ..e.. -of such diae feelin= on the subject of liberty-there are men who cannot possibly bear.what they call slavery in one sec. lion of the country-(and it is not so much sla very as an institution for the good of both ra ces)-men so queamish on this point, that they are ready to strike down the higher right of a commuinity to govern themselves. in order to maintain the absolute right of individuals in all circumstances, to govern themselves! - Mr. President, the resolutions that I have proposed present, in exact terms, these great truths. 'I propose to present them to the Sen. ate; I propose to have a vote upon them; and I trust there is no gentleman here who will te fuse a direct vote upon these propositions. It is manly that we shall-know the state of things. It is due to our constituents that we should in sist upon it; and.i, as one, will insist upon it: that the sense oF this body shall be taken . the body which represents the States in their ca pacities as communities, and the members of which are to be their special guardians. It is due-ts them; sir, that there should be a fair expression of what is the sense of this body Upon that expression mnch depends. It is the only stand which we can have. It-is the only position which we can. take, which will uphold us with anything dike independence-which will give us any chance at all to maintama an equality in this Unien. on those gteat princi pies to which I have had reference. Overrule these principles, and we are nothing ! Pre serve them, and we will ever be a respectable portion of the community. Sir, here let me say a word as to the com promise line I have always considered it as a great error-highly injurious to l he South be. cause it surrendered, for mere temporary pur poses, those high principles of the Constitution upon which I think we ought to stand I arm against any compromise line. Yet I would have been willing to continue the compromise line. One of the resolutions in the House, to that effect was offered at my suggcstian,.I said to a friend there, .Mr. Burt.] ''et us not be disturbers of this Union. As abhorrent to rrr.y feelings as.is that compromise line, let it be ad hered to in good faith ; and if the other portion of the Union are willing to stand by it, let ut not refuse to stand by it. It has kept peace for some time. and in the circumstuances. per haps it would be better to keep peace as it is.' But, sir, it was voted down by an overwhelm ing majority. It was renewed by a gentlemar from a non-slaveholding State, and again vo, ted by an overwhelming majority. Well, I see my way in the Constitution, I cannot in the compromise. A compromise it but an act of Congress. It may be overruled at any time. It gives us no security. But the constitution is stable. It is a rock. On it I can stand. It is a ; ri aciple on which we car meet our friends .ran the non slavenolding States. It is a fiaiaa ground, on which they can better stand in opposition to fanaticism, than on the shifting sands of compromise. Let us be done with compromise. Let u: go back and stand upon the Constitution ! Well, sir, what if the decision of this body shall deny to us this high constitutional right which in any opinion is as clear as any in the instrument itself-the more defined and stable, indeed, because deduced fron the entire body of the instrument, and the nature of the sub. ject to which it relates ? What then I That is a question which I will not undertake to de. cide. It as a quiestionfor our constituents-the slaveholding States. A solemntt and a great question, Mr. President. And if the decision should be adverse at this time. I trust and do believe that they will take under solemn con. sideration what they ought to do. I give no advice. It would be hazaraots and danger. os for ame to do so. But I may speak as an individaual inember ofthat'section of the Union. There I drew my first breath. There are all my hopes. I at a planter-a cotton planter. I am a Southern man and a slaveholder-a kind atid merciful one, -1 trust-and none the worst for being a slaveholder. I say, for one, I wonuld rather meet any extremity upon earth than'give oj. one itch of our equality-one inch of what belongs to as as members of this great republic! What! acknowledge inferior ity ! The surrender of life is nothing to sinking down into ackbowleiged inferiority ! I have examined this subject largely-widely. I think rsee the future if we do not stand up now ; and in miy hmble opinioan, thte condition of~ Irelatnd is mercriful and happy-the condi tiorn o f Hindostan is pacec and happiness--the ondition of Jamnaica is ptrosperoaas and h appy, to what the Southern Sates wvill 'be if now they yield Mir. President, [ desire that the resolutions which I now send to the table be read. The reanlntions were read as follows. 'Iiosolved, Thazt thae territourmes of the Untited States belong to the several States composing this Union, and are held by them as their joint anad comnat property. Resolced. That Congresia, as the joitnt agent and representautve of the States of this Union. las no right to make aany law. or dlo any act whaever, that shall directly, or by itsa effects, nmake any discrimnination betweent thei States of this Union, by whicrh any of them shall be de prived of its full anal equal right itn anmy teryrito y of the United States, acqutred or tao be c quired. Resolved, That .the enactmetnt of any law which should directly, or by its effects, deprive he citizens of any of the territories of the States of thmis Umion from emigrating wvith their property into aity of the territoaries of the U1. States will mnake such discrimniration, and, would, therefore. be a violation of the conastitn tion, and -the rig;hts of the States froat whach such cttizsens er.iigratid, anid in derogatiotn of thats perfe't eqi.ality which bielongs to themn as members of tihis Unaion, and would tend direct. ty to subvert the Union itself. *Resolved, Thiat, as a fdindamental principle in our political creed; that a people in 'formning a constittion have the uneonditional right to formi and adopt the governatetnt wvhich they may th-nk best calculated to secure their liberty, prosperity and happiness; and thtat itt conform. ity thereto, .no other coniditiona is imuposed by the federal constitution on a State ta order to be admitted intao this Union, except that its constittion shall be strictly republicani; and that the imposition of any other by Congress would not oanly be in violation of the constian tion, but ini direct conflict with the principle on which our political system rests. I amove thtat the resolutins he printed. I shall miove that they be taken up to-monrrow ; and I do trust that the Senate will give them early attenttion, anad ana early vote upons thme sub ect. Mr. Benton-then rose anmd said-Mir. -Presi dent, wve have somea buisinessa to transact. I do not ittend to avoid business for a string of ab stractionis. Mr. Calhoun. The senator stays he cartnot take up abstraction. Thte constittutiorn is an abstraction. Propriety is an abstraction. All the great iles of life are abstractions. The DeclaratIon of Independence was made on an abstraction; and when 'I hear a man declare that lie is againsut abstract truath in a ease of this kind, I am prepared to know what his course will be ! I certainly supposed that the senator frot Missouri the aepresentative of a slave holding State, would have supported these res olutions. I moved them ini good faith, under a olnn convicticn of what was daue to those whom I represent; and date the whole South and the whole Union. I have as little desire as rey Senator to obstruct public business. All lwhat is a decision, anad a decision before the Lthree million hill is decided. If thte senator fanm issouri wants to morrow morning very well. The resoluitions can be taken up ont Monday. Mr. Benton. I will pursume my own couarse hen the titne comes. I know what are ab stractions, and what are not. I atn-for going ...vit t.:,e s.iness of the sesion:, and I say. 1 shall not vote for abstractions, years ahead, to the exclusion of business. He.says he cal' culated on my course. He is mistaken. Hi knows very well, trom my whole course - in public Fife, tbat'I never would leave public but siness to take up fireurands to set the world on fire. Mr. Calhoun. The senator does'not at all comprehend me. Mr. Benton. I am from the right place. I am on the side of my country and the Union. The' resoutions were then ordered to be printed. Fron the N. 0. Picayune of the 18th inst.' LATER FROM TAMPICO The schooner St. Paul, Capt. Talbot, arrived yesterday afternoon. froin Tamip, cof having sailed on the 8th instr--tge days later than the Charron's advtces.) We grieve to say that the news in regard to the volunteers on the Ondiaka is le favorable than we had reason to expect The main body of them had not t ived et Tainpico. On the contrary, at E rai test accounts from them they. deo gaged in a conflict with a body of Mexicant far superior to theta in ;numbers and equipment. From two letters of Mr. Lumsden, which we have ~before us, we extract those portions which reate. to the wreck and present position offhe volan teers. In writing his first letter he was evidently under no apprehension as to their fate.. it-bears date. Tastico, Feb.'6, 1817. Yesterday an unpleasant bnor reached here relative to the unfor.tunate-party whi were wrecked. It is but a rumor, and-oue that I do not credit, and theie are itn others who also doubt-i. The rumbr wt brought by the captain of 'tb-echobbe who started to the relief of theoolunteers but returned as I have statel.i'The cap lain says that he fell in iwi(b a'boat, lair to be from the wrock, with siteral of th crew, % ho informed him thatavery large number of armed Mexicans .had attacked and made prisoners of all the--olunteers as well as the party under Lietit.- Millet who left hero for their assistance. The men in the boat stated that? they were trying to reach Tampico; but:as yet :he; have not arrived, and I think their-stor; altogether improbable. I do notknot where a very large number. of armec Mexicans" could be raised so near thi place, and particularly on the sea-coastsii that direction. But be this as it may, am just informed that another expeditio -100 strong-under Capt. Magruder is to start to-morrow for the scene of th wreck, so that in a few days'we shalgaov all about it. . F. A;-L. The following letter is the latest whici has been received so far as we can learn It is dated. / TAMPICo, Feb. 8. The plot thickens. Rutnor is- followe< by rumor in quick succession. - I begin is think there is something in the. repor about the Mexicans having attacked Col De Russey, but I claim that I. may be ex cused for toy want of faith in ,the story a it first reached us. Mexicagumors, ti the main, are worth just whaglnportance people taiy be whimsical enough to at tech to them. "W olf, wolf !".s the com mon cry; but it may be that tho iolf hat come. At all events, thoserin authority here have reached the city ' the - Ies tweuty-four hours, to ordera ale brig ade-in addition Lieut. Millers 'Capt Magruder's forces, mentioue in my letter of tbe-6tb-to go at once to the relief of Col. De Rusey. This is what ought t< have been duoe at first, if it were deemed necessary to do any thing at all. If Vol D., Russeyneed aid, -it -was aid beyond ihe power of a mere handful of men tc ronder, and a sufficient force sholild at once have been despatched to his assistance. But the last "bulletin"-whichs may oi may not be true. A Mexican, said to b< worthy of betief, has arrived here, and reporis that Gen. Cosn had arrived or IThursday last, the 4th inst.. from Tuspan from the wreck of the ship Ondiaka, witt 480. troops. consisting of 280 of the bat tal lion-of Yuspain, the rest National Guatrd and ceavalry; .that on his way Gee. Co was joineLd by 120 men from Taingua 180 from Papanrili, and 233 fruom Omnel ma--in wtnole force amoutiung to ( men, with four pieces ef artillery; that arte summoning Col. De Russey to surrendea his force us prisoners of war, which sum mous was protily rejected, an engage enn took place which lasted till 10 o'clocl P. Mi., aifter the Mexican left, and ihi resiult wvas not knowvn. Gen. Cosn had stationed an advanoce of 80 cavalry andl 5( infantry at a pass to prevent re-inforc~e meits arriving from this place. TLhe brigade which has been ordered tc go to the relief of Col. De Russy is undei the command of Brig. (.en. Pillow, con sisting jof three regiments of Tenneosset voldnteels, t wo of foot and one of mouniec and four companies of artillery. Thil force started last night. Success to them In great haste, F. A. L. -In addition to the foregoing, we learn from Mr. John C. Howard who cams passenger on the ;St. Paul, that as the vessel was coming over the baur on the morning of the 9th inst., the propelloi James Cage was seen returning from the wreck of the Ondiaka. The Cargo has no other person on boai-d than her regulai crew anil as she took down Cap. Magro der and hiscemmvand, it is certain that hf efiected a lauding. We must remain h1i suspense in regard to the fate of the vol. unteers until another arrival.- If they have two hundred guns and a tolerable supply of ammunition we have great faitlh that they will beatt oft the Mexiansor at least hold them in cheek till G*eo. Pillow arrives. wrt o aTAMPro Feb. 6, 1847.. I woeyuasfrmthe Brazes. On the 19th ult. I sailed from that place, anid arrived here yesterday-just one week from the day of sailitng. The passage was a most disagreeable and uncomfortable one. Only think of bei'g - at sea seven days ini a small schooner with some sev euty people ort board first encountering a "norther" and then becalmed for the rest of the time-drifting and beating about ,ith the current, and going where no one no~board could tell. Ilut that's all over, and thanks to Providence, I am nce mor e safe on terrafirma.. Very great changes has taken, place since I was last here, occasioned princi pally by the large accessioni of forces frorn various points. We have nowv at Tatnpico about 7000 troops-regular and volunteerm; Patterson, who succeeds Brig. General bShield's in coimmand of this station. The force now bere consist of the following brig ades and commands, as nearly as I can scertain, viz: Gen. Twigg's regular divi fiin, being parts of the 1st. 21, 3d, and 7th Infantry, and two companies of Rifles Gen. Smith sommanding the Rifles and 7th Infantry ; Gen. Pillow's brigade, being two regiments of foot and one of cavalry -Tennessee troops ; Gen.Quitman's brig. ade, the Alabama and Georgia regiments and Baltimore battalion.: Gen. Shield's brigade,-the 3d and 4th Regimentillinois' volunteers. 'It is supyosed that the'1st and 21d Regi: ments of Illinois troops, now with Gen. Wool, near Saltillo will be ordered down to fill General Shield's command. . In addition to the above forces. there are also four companies of the let Artillery, three of the 2d, three of the 3d, and one company of the 4th together with one company of the 6th Infantry, which garri son the lines of the defensive works of the place, under Col Gates. I assure you-that we have quite a nice little army here at Tampico, and every thing seems to be moving along as regular as clock-Work. LATER FROM THE BRAZOS. By the arrival yesterday afternoon of the schooner Sea, Capt. Flanders, we have dates from Brazos Santiago up to the 6th, from Matamoras to the 5th, and from Cattiargo up to the let inst. It will be seen, by.tlie letters of our correspon dects, that a party of our troops have been captured near Saltillo, and that Majors Borland and Gaines and Capt. Cassins M. Clay have been taken prisoners. It will also be seen that murders and outrages are constantly being committed on the roads by the Mexicans. As our letters contain all.tbe more important, part of the intelligence, we .hasten to lay them before our readers: , . Camp on the Rio Grande. near Palo Aito, January, 30 1847. Everything here betokens a sudden movement of 'the troops. Seventy days rations have been:issued, and ordersgiven to be in readiness at a moment's warning. Within a few days, if 1 am not greatly mistaken, Gen,. Worth's division will be on ship-board, moving towards Vera Cruz. Gen. Worth is up again, and although lame. is beginning to look quite well. Capt. Arnold, (formerly of the dragoona) of the Quartermaster's Departmedt, 'has just arrived here and joinedthe command. It seems that-the . Mkeican army at San Luis have been making some movement, as reports have several timesreacheld Sal ' tilla, since Worth's division left, that the enemy was marching against that place, and two regiments of volunteers were sent up from Monterey to strengthen Gen. Butler's command. No new's .froti Gen. Taylor since he left Victoria. Mouth of the Rio Grandc, February 3, 1847. I have plenty of bad news to give you, gentlemen, and very little that is pleasant. The fate of Col; May's rear guard and baggage you have already heard of-but intelligence has just reached this place, toa painfully true and well authenticated, which proves that the enemy have opened on us in earnest, and that their hatred is mortal. On the 11th January T met Lieut. Rit chie of the 4th infantry, but then acting with tue 21 Dragoons, on his way from Saltillo, with ten dragoons, to Victoria, bearing important despatches for General Taylor. rom Gen. Scott and others. It is said tbese contained the whole plan of the operations int whiLch we are about to engage. While on the road betweeni Monterey and Victoria, but at what place I cannot learn tthe party was attacked, young Ritchtie was lassoed and dragged acros a cornifieldi, andl the despatches carried ol. The ten dragoons were either killed or taken priso tiers. Lient. Ritcbie was one of the most disinguished andI excellent yonmg officers in 'he army, His conduct at Palo Alto and Resaca won rte admiration of the army and he wvn much esteemed for his talent, and the excellence of his heart. Triite is little or no doubt of his death still, whilst there is a shadlow of doubt, thtere is a hope. A fe w days ago an officer of the 2.1 Ohio Regiment, Lt. Miller is tbelieve~d to be his name, was tmutd'red, at Chichironi, and awfully mutilated. His heart wams cur out and hunt upon a shrub, to show us, I sup pose how deoply seated was their hatred towards us. I would like to have com mand of- two hundred mounted men, with unlimited power over the country between Ccrralvo and Camnargo. .My first act would be to shoot every mati ia Mier; then go and burni every rancho on thte rotute, for ten miles right And left, and shoot every man, to Carralvo--and thben cotimne to shoot them, in tha-t region, as .fas't as they made their appearance. But here is news that will create a deep sensatiotn in the States. The followitng letters reached Gen. Worth last evening. O fcourse there is no doubt about its cor-. rectness. It is from Capt. Chapman-, of teay: SautILLxO, Jan. 25, 1847. I have only time to write a wortd. Ma for Borland, of the Arkansas cavalry, with 30men, and Maj. Gaines and Cassius M Clay, with 30 teen, were surprised andl captured at Encarnacion, [ahmmut 45 miles beyondl Saltilloj on the mnorning of the 23d. o'f the Gen. Mitton. Hie heartd that Borland was there anid marched from Maehuala with 500 cavalry and took themt withoiut firing a gunl. This is no stamperle. Yours truly, W. W. CHAPMAN. The above is all that bas reached us on thte subject; in fact, it is clear enough. Betwveen 80 and 90 of our men have been taken prisoners, and are undoubtedly at San Lois Potosi ere this. The hatred of of the Mexicans is so itnveterate, however against our volunteers, that fears are en. tertinedl for the safety of thme prisoners. The troops are beginnitng to move down from Camp Palo Alto. Gen. Scott would have embarked o'day. tin the Massacho serts. fot Tam pico, if a heayvy norther had nctspruntg up yesterday. Heit will he ac compatniedl by two or three companies of the artillery battalion. Capts. C. F. Smith and Vinton's' companies being of the num ber. . . , The destination of the troops is Lobos, abtout 75 miles from Vera Cruz. As 'thete is no impropriety in my telling you. It is an island, 'very near the main land and behind it is a safe harbor for vessels of considerable size. The shore is-roc)ty and the pass very crooked, but not ex tremely dangerous. In the course'of the week we shall be on the Gulf, and if the northers and southeasters do not send us to another world, you will soon receive a description of the battle and capture of Vra-Cruiz. H. :Mouth of the Rio Grande, February 4. 1847. We have received further intelligence respecting the fate of Lieut. Ritchie. It seems that the ten dragoons reached Vic toria in safety, but there is no longer any doubt about the death of this valuable young officer. The party halted at a town on the road, and Lieut. Ritchie left the men for a few moments to go with a guide' and procure forage for the horses. They had proceeded but a short distance when a Mexican came dashing-up 'on horseback, threw a lasso suddenly over Riteliie's neck, and' dragged: bjm, full speed across a fiel'd, a'nd then murdered and stripped him. It is said now th'at the itransports will assemble at Lobos :Hjarbor. with all the troops, and then moue together to a land ing much n'rer Vera Cruz. H. CAMARGO. Jan.25. To-morrow or next day all the forces composing Gen. Worth's, division will have left here. New we must look out for outrages dud murders, for war and ru more of war. in real earnest, as the Mexi cans in this neighborhood are firmly im preesed wih-the opinion that we are re treating from Santa Anna. The ranchero hordes of Canales, or I am much mista ken, will soon be on the 'roads on the look out for straggling parties, and they will ,et no favorable opportunity to rob and tinurder pass. Mintk my words'for it, 'it won't be long before I'll have to tell ynu of some wag'ob train'being captured, or some small -party cut off. Yours, &c., P. The court martial recently held at the -Brazos'for the trial of Col. Harney has ordered him to he released from arrest and reprimanded. We learn that Gen. Scott has remitted the latter part of this sen tence, but has reitrated his former -order to Col. H. It ios thought, -however. that he would'recall this order, and permit the Colbuel to lead his regiment. We -have 'reeeived a full account of the trial, but cannot possibly find roim for it. LATER FROM VERA CRUZ. By the arival of the bark St. Mary, from H avana, ee are placed in possession of the advices by the British steamer frotm Mexico. Our letters and a.portion our papers have elro comeIto hand. The Medway arrived at Havana the morning of the 6th inst., from ~ Vera Cruz, with dates from that city toihe evening of the 1st inst.. one from the city of Mexico to :The 29th of January. The Medwa.y brought over -$600.000 in speecie and fifty-tivb 'passengers. The rumor of the assassination of Santa Anna turns out to be unfounded; so also of his active position to the seizure of church property. At last accounts h,e was still at San Luis Potosi. Vera .Cr. papers of the 28th.utr. aniotnce that let-. ters from San Luis spdak of his immediate' departure for Tula. Our letters say that all the late Minis ters have resigned. The Ministers offor eign affairs and oflinances have certainly done so. Senor Rejon. who so recently quarrelled with Santa Anna, has gone back to the Mtate Department. lie is an ardent fe .eralist. arid relied upon to carry through thd counscation of church pro poarty. Neither our papers nor letters mention wvho now has charge of the WVar Departmnent. Senor Francisco Suarez I riaie has taken charge of the Finances lie was a -mtember of the Chatmber of Deputies, anid received their assent to his accepting the present ollice. To add to the general disorganization, the Mtaican longress is said to have determine~d to dissolve about the first of thtis present month. 'rho Mexicans appear to be particular hy well informed of the movements and positions of our troops. T1hey give, from time to time, the lihrecs at Tamnpico, Sal illo and Victoria anti other places We find no tmention made- of the capture of Chihuahua, lbut there has heetn an ac tion itn the imtmediate vicinity of El Paso del Norte, in which our troops were en tirely successful. On the 24th of December Senor Ouylti was at El Paso at the head of 480 regu lars, who added to the Pasenos, or troops raised ntear El Paso, exceeded 1000 in number. Trhe Amerienna were at Dona Anza 400 strotng.-T1hey advanced upon l1 Paso. Guylti preparcd to fight them. but the evening he was to set forth on his march he was seized with a violent brain fever, wvhich rendered him helpless. The cotmmand Jevolved upon Vidal, who pos essed little military skill, atnd expected to surround and destroy the Americans like so tmany rahbitaslHe pushed forward 500 cavalry under Captain Antonio Ponce, of whicth one half were Pasenos.--The Amerioans demanded a parley, which was denied, and the fight immediately cam menced. Ponce charged at the heaa of his cavalry, but in vain, as be was woun-] ded in the first onset. .Just then the Pas- I nos ran, and threw such disorder into thei whiole that all took to flight, leaving ai howitzer in thte hands of the Atmericans, but carrying on'three oilier pieces. Vidal< returned with all speed to Carrizal. forty leagues frotm El Paso. The loss otn each side was not known or is not stated. On< the 27th the Americans took possessiotn of E. El Paso with 600 cavalry and 400 itt. faniry. The cavalry immediately startedr in pursuit of' the runaways, and al hough< it was not known at Chtihtuahua on the 2d January that they had overtaken them it wvas thought likely they would get posses sion nf two wagons which were in thee rear with the park, as well as of thirtyJ men who escor-ted thetm. This seenms probable tonus, too, t hough wve much doubf I if the Americans ever got up the ru na~ ways A letter from Maztlan, dated the 11th I or Jantuary, is published. Gov. Cast rn was then in thtat city. Both were askintr ment and money to recover the .Californiias. I They boast indeed, that we have no foot-] hold on the land, that with only ninety I men' an natmpt by sev'en hnntdred A mer. 1 cpusttoretake 'Los'Angelestad-beeor'-t4 fessfut1y' repulsed ! A project has been started in Mazatan >f declaring Santa Anna 'dictator. Tlr lrew from him an immediate deelarattio hat as bedid not aspire tothe Preslden, ie would use all his. force to put dwna - movement in' Sonora or any o:h erStas which should threaten to: kindle political eummotion.- The latest dates ti6m San Luis Potosi are to the .2611 -ult The army had not then moved, but the Vera Cruz Indicator of the 3lstauk. -thinks chat it had done so subsequently, being.ena;. ' bled to do so by the funde raised by the State of San Luis. ... Gen. Valencia is said by the samepaper to meditate a descent upon Tampico. - From the N. 0. Picayune, February 21.. . LATEft FROM TAMPIC(J.O' Safety of the Louisiana Voluniteeri. The brig Cayuga'has arrived in the'river s having Jeit Tampico on the morning of Saturday, the 13th instant. Mr, Whele',i who was a passenger in the brig, cameup to town yesterday afternoon on a Balize boat, and very kindly furnished us' with interesting information from Tampieo sand a copy of the Sentinel of the 10th inst. Our readers will rejoice to learn thattlia four companies of Louisiana volunteer, wrecked on the Ondiaka, are all safe with the exception of six whom the.ooo nel was constrained to leave behind. Therp'- - was no action between the volunteersanda the Mexicans; they reached Tampico city .' I the morning of.the 9th instant, generally speaking it good health, but very much exhausted) by their forced marches. Seven. were 'abandoned a -few miles from their first camp, being unable. to march, aodths'. men -finding it impossible-to carry. theui through the-sand on litters. -One of'thee avertook the main body before they reach Tampico; the remainder will probably fa 1 into the hanils'of the enemy. The- names of those left behind are, Sweeny, of coor pany F; Culburn, of company G; Winn, Washburn and Serg't. Warner, of cot pany I, and Dolke, of company E. We subjoin the particulars of their atL ventures nearly in the words of the Senth 4t appears that early in the dayb6it which ithe volunteers bad . taken. refuge from a watery grave upon the sabd'nearly opposite the wreck, they received vishs from several Mexicans, who 'casp, in the character of peasants, fishermen, &c., a'nd were led to expect assistance, 'in the way of-transportation, from the various promi-; se's unvoluntarily made by 'the scoundrels, who were doubtless busily employed.at that time in informing he -Mexican com mander at Tuspan of the exact condition or the volunteers, their number, &c.. It the afternoon a flag of truce presented itself, with a demand from Gen. Cos for an immediate and unconditional Burren der; and it was represented to them that the country was swarming with armed men, cutting off all retreat unless by sea which ofcourse was impossible. -Cos rep- - resonted the forces un ler his command to amount to 1600 regular troops, whereas in reality be could only muster about 980, all told, of which at least three-fourths are. sail to have been raw recruits. wh6 bad-' entered into the siheme with -hehake~u gain by plundering the wrecked si a 'nL irough.Lieut. Ozier, iidiscbvei 'ifthb s enemy's flag of truce. He was-metoutside the enemy's lines by Gep. Cos, whoef ed-him admission inside, but after some;... - little reflection, upon the request of Col. DeRussey., grauned him until -9 the next mnorniug, at which time the Americans wvere to surrender or an action must be hazarded At night-fall camp..fires were lighted, and orders immediately given to' miarch, leaving knapsacks and all burthensom, materials which could in the least impede and tvhich were not wanted for the pur pose of sustenance. The lirst msvonty-four hours-they are said to have made thirty-five miles, and instead of 'hard fighting or skir mishing not an armed Mexican was seen an the way to Tampico. GJen. Cos had so posted his men that lie thought he had cut off the retreat of tho voltunteers, as well as the advacce of sup plies or succor. It would seem that lhe did not pdrsue the retreating.- perty. Most rif the intfa.utry under Gent. Cos came iin ennoes frm Tuspan, and latnded in front f thte wrecked volunteers. Ife had four' pieces of light artillery, .and when he re :eived Liu ut. Osai about one hundred and Dity troops were drawn up id column. We lea rn verbally that there.wvere ninety >r one hundred servicable guns in posses,~ tion of the wrecked v'olunteers, ste others yeing either lost in getting ashore or ren lered unservicable-one reason for"De. Russy's not w aiting the twenty-four hoursa Tlhe same day the Cnyuga left. the tchooners Wmn. Bryan, Knapp and Tioga ilso sailed for this por and'domie othe~ vessels not recotledied. A very heavy mail was put dn board the Tioga. Gen. Scott ha'd not arrived ut Tampico, but was still bourly expected. L ATERf FROM VER A CRUJZ. By the arrival at half past 2 o'clock, this rnooning of the sehr. Wmn. Bryan,' Capt. Ryan, from Tamnpico, we have later ac rounuts from Vera Cruz, brouglht to the ormer place by the prize schooner Belle, Lieut. M.0C. Perry, Jr. commanding. Our, etters from'the squadron are'' to the 4th, nst., and our Vera Crttz papers to thie 25I nst. Gen. Valencia has been relieved of his ommand', and his place suppliedl by tien. lazquez. The afexIcans having become convin red that 'Vera Cruz is to be the object of mtack, have set about fortifying the pas 4 es ont the rbad to Mexico. The meirchants ffalapa have been called upon for a loaa If- $1000 to fortify the Puen te Nacional. Rlejon and iriarte have entered upon hte discharge of their duties as Seota ies oTForelan Affairs and Finances. Gu vara has resigned the post of Minister loft rustcec. Senor L'emus had tendered his resigna' ion to the Government, but it had been - efusedl. Eight days' leave of abscence' tas granted himt, and Genu. La Veg'a ap inted temlior-arily to his post. More Voluhutees.-The Newport Daily. ~ews sayvs:-A married woman in FaIJ iver, fifteen years old, had a pair of't win. toys last week.-Thefather is serenteen rears old / They are afl doing" well.