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690f116ving very interesting despatdh
ta luiiprPendral Scott ,tag received
at sthle War O1ice, by this evening's south
- era boat. ...We hasten to lay it before oar
-HEaaqUaRTsas or Tug Aaur')
Plndel Rio, 50 miles from Vera crua,
- A prl 19,1847.
S::The plan of attack, sketched in
* ' ~ ~ .GeneraI Ordersi Ne. -I , (published in
eJast evening'iUnion3t herewith, was line
esrentedby'this gallant army, before
d' Peock. m;i., yesterday. We are
quite embarrassed with the results of vie
>f-pisioers of war, heavy ordnance,
ejeld batteries, small arms, and accoutre
'*eents.' -About 3,000 men laid down their
aims with the usual proportionef field and
company officers, besides five-.generals,
several ofethem or grat distiecton. in
'on, '$atrero, La Vega, Noriego, and
blantdo, A sixth general Vasquez, was.
illed in defending the t~attery (tower) in
-..he-rear or the whole Mexican army, the
- &wapiure of-Tarbich gave us those glorious
'One loss, though comparatively small,
a-' numbers, has been serious. Brigadier
G3eneri Shields, a commnander of activity,
sea, and talent,- s, I fear, it Dot dead,
n orallyAwouded. lie is some fie miles
from ine a, the: moment. The field of
plranioe corered many miles, broken by
:_mountaiS s aod deep chasms, and I have
.not a report, as yet, from any division or
Gnride. Twigg's division, followed by
;lShteis' (now h Baker's) brigade, are now
atigor near Xalapa, and Worth's division
is oi ruete thither, all pursuing, with good
results, as I learn, that part of the Mexi
en army-perhaps six or seven thousand
men, who gl d before our right had carried
wthte jower, and gained the Xelapa road.
: Pilow's brigade alone, is near me at this
depitof wounded, siek, and prisoners, and
4 have lime only to give from him the
- --ames of-iet Lieutenant F. B. Nelson,
jard-2 C.. G. Gill, both of the 2d Tennes
s~ee foot (liaskell's regiment) among the
'killed,-and in the brigade 106, of all ranks,
killed or wounded. Among the latter,
the gallant Brigadier General himself has
a smart wound in the arm, but not disa
~led, and Major R. Farqueson, 2d Ten.
,esse; Gapt. H. F. Murray,2d Lieuten
ant b. T. Sutherland, st Lieutenant W.
P. Hale,(adjutant) all of the same regi
- ;ment, severely, and st Lieutenant W.
:earwood, mortally wounded. And I
- now from-' personal observation or, the
ground, that 1st Lieutenant E well,of the
tiles, if-not dead, was mortally wounded,
.a I entering, sword in hand, the erench
noats around he captsred tower.-e
eeond:Lieutenant Derby, topographical en
gineers, Xalso saw atthe .same place, se
se Twounded, and Captain :Palten, 2d
S.mnthBates Infaotry, lost his right hand.
W'ajor Suminer2d'Unined XSiates Dra
de r astil sickided the day be
-iod Captony ton, tpographical
a wl:Linant.olonel of In
i ) Ga2or hsel reg imnte some
kalle ir wunide.Aohng." theulttr
-he late Bradia pG..eraise has2
a mrtwud insh arm, th noi is
d M ndTe
tirP.a adtant alth o the .r~same ro.
ta m n ne ye
,,,;grou d t s ieuthena 3wll0o :the
stife:, rif- oward i a a, (Pu mile
T1ener, 1 arWe hbavedted much to
4lfe nemy'sloss in prisoners killed, and
igdwounded.t n e, Isuppose his retreat
inog arney to be nearly disorganized, and
;B escimy haste to follow, in an hoar or
~tiy, p~rltby events.
itiis barried'and lnperfeet report I
nesjsnot omit to say that Brigadier Gene
ral Twiggs, in passing the mountain range
beyond Cerro Gordo, crowned wiSth the
the tower, detached from his divisio, as I
i suiggested the dhy before strong force to
carry that height, whie eommanded she
lalapa. road at the foot, and could not
feil, 'if carried, to cut of thbe whole, or any
- part of-the enemy's forces from a retreat
in any direction. A portion of the 1st
artillery,, under the -often-distinguished
Brevet Colonel Childs, the 3d infantry,
under Captain Alexander, the 7th infantry
tiender Lieutenant Colonel .Plymtoo, and
she rile, under Majpr Loring, all onder
b~te ternporary command- of Colonel Har
.ey, 2d1 dragoons, during the confinement
td his bed of Brevet Brigadier General P.
F.. Spistb, .composed that detachment.
Th& style of execution, which I had the
pleasure to witness, was most brilliant and
decisive. The brigade ascended the llong
and difficult slope of Gerro Gordo, without
shelter, and under the tremnemdous fire of
* . artillery and muesetry with the utmost
steadiness, reached the breatworks, drove
the enemy from, planted the colors of the
1st artillery, 3d and 7th infantry-ihe en
emy's flag still flying-and, alter some
miinutes of sharp firing, finished the con
qutest with' the bayonet.
- -: Iii a most pleasing duty to say that
-the bighest praise is du', to H arney,Chirds,
?tvymtop, Loring. Alexander, their gallant
o~icers and usen, for this brilliant service,
intlependent .of,the great results whbich
o ion follo wed.
W orth's &viision of regulars coming up
ait this timie, he detached Brevet Lieuten
ant'Cotonel- C. F. Smith, with his light
- - ;batialion, to support the assault, 'but not
'time. -The'Genera1, reething the tower
e a feew minutes before me, and observing a
-' '*sldae :ag dis'ayed fronm the nearest por
tios df the enemy towards the batteries
lilfet'ont Colonel. Harney and
C'Gilds16' hold'a'parley. The' sarrenide,
bib(~line'in ats hour or: two.
-Major-General Patterson left - sies bud
so share in the dangers and fatigues of the
day;anfnerthe surrender went forward
(conadth'e adacdforces towarde
Brigadier General Pillow and his-brig.
Cde Iwice assauhudiith great daring the
emy's line ot batteries on our left;- and
thoiiugh yithout success they contributed
IMIucha to-distract and-dismay their imme
dZrenident Santa Anna,' with Generals
Canalizo.and. Almonte,. and: some sizsor
T 4 gusand: men escaped, towards Xa
s'~ivso reached s
i hve detrier to parole 'the priso
~- ~. raqMe!nsid taen.-asI have not the
'1uaetas of feeding thern hirebeyond-to.
day, acan t a t ta
body efhorse and, 'foot, with: waggons o
accompany them: to Vera Cruz: Our
baggage train thougli increasingliisnot yet
half large enough to'give an assured pro.
gress to this army. Besides, a greatnum
ber of prisoners wo-ld, probably-escape
from the escort in the long anad deep sand y
road, without subisteoce-ten to ons
tbat we shall find again, out of' the same
body of man, in the ranks opposed to us.
Not one of the. Vera Cruz prisoners is be
lieved to have been in the lines of Cerro
Gordo. borne six of the officers, highest
in rank, refuse to give their paroles, except
to go in Vera Cruz, and thence,. perhaps,
to the United. States. .
The small' arms and their accoutre
ments, being of no value to our army here
or at home, I. have ordered :tliem to be
destroyed; for we have not- the means of
transporting them. I am also somewhat
embarrassed 'with: the---pieces orartille.
ry-all bronze-which wb have captured.
It would take a'brigade, and 'a half of ithis
army to transport them fifty miles. A
field battery 1 shall take for service with
the army; but the heavy metal mnust be
collected, and left here for the -present.
We have our own siege-train and the
proper carriages with us.
Being much occupied with the prisoners,
and 'all the details of Defotward movement
besides looking to the supplies which are
to follow from Vera Cruz. I have time
to add no more-intending to be at Xala
pa early to-morrow. We shall not, pro
bably, again meet with serious opposition
this side of Perote-certainly not, unless
delayed by the want of the means of trans
P. S. I invite attention to the accom
panying letter to President Santa Anna,
taken in his carriage yesterday; also to
his proclamation, issued on hearing that
we had captured Vera Cruz, &c., in
which be says: "If tbe enemy advance
one step more, the national independence
will be buried in the abyss of the past.
We have taken that step.' W. S.
r I make a second posteript, to say that
-there is some hope, I am happy to learn,
that Gen. Shields may survive his woends.
One of.the principal motives fot parol
ing the prisoners of war is, to diminish the
resistances of other garrisons in our march.
Hon. W. L. Marcy, Secretary of War.
General Twiggs.-This gallant old ve
teran has seen as much service, and ae
quitted himself as meritoriously, when the
opportunity has presented itself. as any,
other officer in our army. In the existing
war with Mexico, he has been prominent
at Palo Alto, Resaca de la, Palma, and
Monterey, and at Sieria Gordo his com
mand bore the brunt of the action. And
yet he seems to have failed in gaining the
affections of the newspaper correspondents,
who have made so many heroes, to judge
by the silence of these' gentlemen in regard
to him., As an exception, we may nottee
a correspondent of the.Philadelphia Norta
American. who in a letter dated Vera Cruz
April- 14. thus speaks of him:
1'We have a great many rumors of what
,tsgoisgoin at.he head. of our- advancing
Santa Anna was.inpoeltion t' - pas this
sdeof Jalpa, with 10.00 me . This
was pronmpity forwairded to Getm. Twiggs,
who sont backi woti that he hars heard ru
more of th bema imuport-t be report as to
Santa Anna's force varying from 2,000 to
20,000' men--btt that at all events, Aesa
going to Jalape. He does not seem to
think that he will even need the- aid of the
2d Brigade to paso any poiot on the road.
The old Genserar is a card. His appear
nce is very much that one would take
General Taylor's to be, from tho descrip
tions- we get of old Roughr and Ready, and
it would ho very easy to mistake one for.
the other. Gen, Twiggeiia large fat man,
grey headed, and wears enormone white
whiskere' and moussache. Hie is rough,
lain and promptl doing .every thing
quickly, but nothing without sound reflec
ton. As a General, he is considered one
of the best in the avmy, and in fighting
shows alt the grit add hangonishness
(not Webster's): of a bull-terrier. His
division is the Lower of the army. This
morning we have a Lying report, not gen
erally credited, that he ha, had a fight, and
one story goes that he has been obliged to
wait for Gen. Patterson's division to come
up. I do not believe the latter, for the old
veteran would fight any number of Mex
iane in his present mod."
Frm die SoL& Caroliwriazr.
EliAet of a letter from Col. Butier, so
the Governor, dated
VRaa Caus, April 10'.
'These popr d-I' the Mexicans, care
generally, no more for one Government
than an other and at the surrender of Vera
Cruz, moved out with the unconcern, and
like a gang of negroes, going from one
cotton or corn field to another. with hoes
and ploughs, packed like mules, with
camp kettles, trunks, perrots, poodle dogs
and virgin;Mary's. The principal reasons
are given for the surrender-the private
interests of the property holders, starva
tion and bombs, the latter, more especial
ly, wielded by~the Navy. Our wounded
are getting .well. .Col. Dickinsotn is fit
for duty again' Mfajor Gladden is a most
effcient and worthy follow, all the time
up and ready for duty.' Hie is a. moat
apable -officep-with my general- bad
health,!I scarcely know what I oh- the
rgiment should do without his great effi
iency. Dr. Davis' health is bad . really
fear the consegubenceb He is at times
deponding.. lie i a- most superior yong
man, but :3 fear we shall have to dispense
wi'h his services, His frame will sinks
under the climate and disease.."
RMport of Col Butl~t'r-mie Regiment.~
Camu Wasamaner, Near Vera
Cruz, April ist, 1847.
Governor f-The end of :be month re
minds me to' make somewbat of an'offiialt
report, which, is' principially -'confined in
recording. the deathed' and-are as follow.::
Company A,-Capt.. Siimter.-ysmes
. Murphy, Sergeant.: died off Anton Li
ardo, 9th March, of JnifmmhTien of the
Vumpany C,-Capt. MoUfatt, .,B.
omay EM -C gfalekth
aro d ilbaf,
aa a ar
Mansdied 18th IMaM t p arh
ingdtanbOU entihip die
-10th Marc h 4'. Lea mps goit of
Company L.Cat ap MsA.
Bundric, died 17th M rc iCamp
Washingtoo, of Consuinpu '
To themany painfuliacid mdpri
tations which the service ifgaged
In,'subjeet *us to, it-is-doub1Ji d~tressing
towitness the sufferings of siitck; and
the tittle m-eans in our contr..y ilodiog
-Our Regiment has jas from
Alvarado, under a very b a And
trying march. Tou wit leared
before this reaches syou, t rIQOps
and citizens had abaci own.
Gen. Twiggs' Division ;I here ay
after to-morrow, for Jail a Patter
son leaves the morinjfi f9 General
Worth's Division - with ie Utmnan's
Brigade (of which ouRegi isa part)
leaves about the 15th org thereafter
as transportation arrives .in Col.
Wilson with oae Regime r regulars
and one Company' of Vol ters from
Louisiana and one of -V ters from
Kentucky, to garrison the . :.
Indulging irsp~enoiionii t9'tIe-future
rny conjectures are ':-wih iinta Anna's
dlefeat in the north 'and thepressiag in
fluences caused by ibe'faofiul city, will
produce, in my opinion, 'her a last
stuggle on their part, is'oud-ass in the
rountains -,most likely "' Perote, but
what is still more probab,*will cause
ben:. to suecomb withinthe aest 40 days,
and relieve us from our hi')ailemma.
They have exaggerated. ,hae bfoe of-our
rmy here, our pieces. and ir'ffect, by
w'ay of covering their saadaider of the
city, and wbich has hat: a bone~cial effect
in our favor in the interioriY'bt to what
extent has not yet been ascertained. The
contest is unequal, and theservice an in
glorious one. The universal voice of the
Army, Navy and Voldieerse isor term
inating this contest; and'peace would be
to them inost welcome treci'
1 am dear sir, very reipecfily
Your obedient servant,
Colr e. C.V.
To Gov. DAvID Joiteson. *
P. S.-There has no opporiunity offer
ed of sending this, I am thus enabled to
add a postscript:
Recurring again to ou fsick, and our
sick report-it is to me, as every officer
in camp, the most distre gn art of our
duty to look at oar sick; and ree -how
powerless we are in re them of
them of their diseases, or 9administering
to their personal comforts.4t s due to can
dor to say. that.;-the:zsVo teers are .less,
careful of themselvesttba they might be'
- :Vi.oftmro ir' bate at all
* s, of
Iooking t iuirp isib' imight or
oughi to inre. .Tihte ad: the only
water they hayer is-obtaineclby~digginlg inr
the hollows, 2 or S feet, which is brac~kish
and- invariably givssrhi.the dinrrhcea.
Our tents were.all lost ia'vessel which
was wrecked in going from one beach to
the other, a distance of 6or 7 miles-they
~are tbus exposed to the huot sun of the day
and heavy dews of the nighi. The medi
cal gentlemen give all -possible attention,
and are engaged all the.dtime;' Our sick
report atithis time is aboutl4O, principally
~diarrbma ; of which onlyi20 are considered
dangerous. T1he mnelancholy task is in
posed of recording the death. of six more
Vofunteera tup to ibis date,
Company C.-Chpr 1hoffat-W. L.
Week., died at Camp -Washington, near
Veral Uruiz. on 9th Aprild ,. Jordan, died
ai Camp- Washington'on'5th' April.
. Compatny B.-Capm.,iunnovant.
Clre, died at Camp. Washington, near
Company .-Capt. Secret.-T. F.
Blunt, died at CamnpsWashiogton, 2d
Company F.-Capt, Blanding.-Sam
nel Dickson, died at aianp *Washiiogton,
Company D.-Capt. Brooks.-W. EF.
Reynilds, died at Camp. Washington.
I orien ask myself :the ciuestion, if this:
is to lbe avoided, buit onyrellection come to
he conclusion that it is'the will ofra wise
Providence so dirictlnd that many
deaths might occur in' eisil life. Whbile I
adently wish that we had greater facili
ties of' administering. to the sick, and afford
ing t bem comnfortsy I"'believe -'that all is
done that is in our, pow'er. Conmanding
ol~cers of Companies''aire uncommonly
a tetive,ad all evince great grief, at the
loss- of a comrade. Most. copspicuous,
we that (he es i iitnirnidg in the' bu
rialof young Dickson. l'his young main,
with two others shotut the saipa age, were
the universal admieation of the .whol6
1 am decidedly of opinion that Regular
troops should he esiisted andl provided for
such service, to wh'om the. pay, clothing
and emoluments should alfrd stufficient
inducement, nu jffaa'naterial whose
pursuit in lire better adap -them to .such
a service. The class ebcaracter of
young men from our Statecare inappro
priately engaged, and Iish' I could he-.
live that many moret of-hem *will not
perish and be left in this coutry. Hoping,
however, for the best.-that we will aoon
e in 'the tabI, lande and abracing atmos
phere, and that my tiemain have a much
more favorable' aupecr1~
remain dear sir, very respectfioHyr
Your obedient servant,
P Ma~BUT LEI
Cols SC. V
T'oe. DI ifl sojt
The following eziiar of a letter fromn a
gentleman attache'dto thfePalmetto Reg
ment to the editqt-ofnthis paiper, will, we
are sure; ho-read': ititcatereat bythose
having friendiian aielaiions in Mexico.
Trn...:- tn atVea C..., a-n i a a
aoydates l m= that-city. It convey'
gratiifying intelligence that the -Pal.
iesto. Regiment - was'far. removed from
ithesickly vicinity of Vera Cruz,,and al
iough yet in the rear of the maii body of
the army,.it was en route for ihe..city of
Mexico. From the same source we also
learnsthat the health of the Regiment was
improving - ,
VERA Cauz, April 28, 1847.
Lient.' O'Bannon, with Bolivar Jones
and Sergeant Bell, of company E,-came
down from Jalapa (which is pronounced
-ialapa) yesterday, running -a great risk
in doing so.. as a great many parnies have
been cut off and plundered by those ras
cally scoundrels lately. They were sent
down on business of the regiment. By them
Ilearn that the regiment is vow four miles
beyondJalapa, and all improving in health
-that, being a' most delightful country.,
abounding with fruits of all sorts, the fine
est water in the world, and every thing
that is desirable-and I am in hopes. that
they'ivill all -get hearty. Lieut. O'Ban
non has now come to carry all the sick that
is able to go; and I hope he will get off
nearly all from this miserable place. He
is a thorough-going officer, and performed,
with his small escort, a rost hazardous
trip in coming here through a-band of
robbers and murderers.
I learned this evening that a party of
our regiment, who had been left here with
the sick, or had been'sick, with about one.
hundred men from different regiments,
were attacked by a large party- of Mexi
cans; and had a hard brush.- They sent
back to this place for assistance. We are.
all anxious to hear the flsult, which will
probably reach here tomorrow, but not in
time for tbis mail.
The '96 Boys are all getting along bet
ter, though some of them are still sick.
ohn Johnson is very low-no other dan
gerous. Capt. BI'ooks is 'still in bad
health. Col. Butler's health is improving.
Jalapa. Mezico,-What a delightful
place Jalapa must be. Mr. Kendall wri
ting to the New Orleans Picayune, says,
that as he rode into the town on the morn
ing of the 20th ult., along p road fringed
Do either side with the ritchest vegetation,
ihe white crest of Orizaba piercing the
very vault of heaven, was plainly visible,
and a busy hum of admiration run along
the line as the snow clad mountain 'firsf
broke upon the view. A 'spectacle of
greater magnificence or grandeur, he says
is not to be sees the wide world over.
Here were we in a soft bland air, and
with verdure and flowers of the rarest
beauty and fragrance all'"around-above
us, as it were, towering to the very skies,
yet in plain view, was old Orizaba, 'clad.
in his eternal raiment of snow.'' No
wonder that the saying among the Mexi
cans is so common, "let us see Jalapa and
'Remarkable Prophecy.--Mr. Poinsett
has communicated to DeBow's Coinmer
cial Review some papers on Mexico, of
remarkable .merit. In. the number for
May,;iscontained the following striking
" 'TheSpanish minister, Court de Aranda
feejgning the treaty of Paris, in 1783,
sbditted. obheiig a secret memoir, in
andfear, ind'expresses his belief that both
Fance and'Spliin acted in o'ppositioit to
heir' 'idierests' when they" espoused the
caose of the Colonies.' He' regards, the
xitecc of the United.States of .America
s highly.datngerous to the Spanish Amer
can possessions, and on tir subject. uses
he fuulowing very remarkable language r,
"This federal republic is born a piginy,
ifI may be allowed so to express myself.
t has required t he support of two such
owerful states .as France and Spain to
htain its independence, The day will
ome when she will be-a giant, a colossus
formidal.le even in these countries. She
ill forget the services she has received'
from the two powers, and wvill think only
f her own aggrandizement. The liberty
f conscience, the facility of establishing a
ew population upon intmense territories,
ogether with the advantages of a new
governmnt, (meaning free,) wvill attract
he aggriculturalists and mechanics of all
ations, for men will ever rur after fur
une;. and in a few years' we shall see ty
anical existence of this very colossus of
which I speak."'
'-The first step of this nation 'after it has
ecome powerful, will be to take posses'
ion of the Floridas, in order to' have coin
andof the Gulf of Mexico, and after
aving rendered diffrult our commerce
with newv Spain, she will aspire to the
oquest of that vast empire, which it wil-l
bdifficult for us to defend' against a for
idable power established on the same
ontinent and in-its immediate neighbor
'nThese fears are well founded;, they
ust be realized in a few years if sonic
~reater revolution even more fatl does
ol sooner take place in our Americas."
In conclusion he proposes as the best
neans of averti'ng this imminent danger,
lint Spain should relinquish the Americas
tnd establish three of the inifantas, one to
e king of Mexico, one of Peru, anil the
Either of Cosia Firma, retaining under-the
Elominion of the 'niother country only
orto Rico and Cuba, and'recommends
hat a: treaty of commierce should be enter
i'd into' between- France and Spain, in
eation to these countries, froih -the ad
-antages'of which Great Britain should be
From tfis Charleston Ee. Neios.
r~tarlutti a&veniioon.-The Convention
f' Delegates from South Carolina and
Western North Carolina,' assembled at
harlotte, N. C., on the 29th tilt., John
springs, Esq., of this State, was unani
nously chosen President, and the Hon.
. M. Barringer, of North Carolina, and
ohn. Bryce, of South Cqrolina, Vice
residents. .James H.I Witherspoon and
.J. Clawson, of this State, with C. J.
Iox- and I. W. Hampton, of North Caro
ina, acted as Secretaries. The following
lelegates from this St-ate rook their seat.
o the Convention :-W. H. Trescoti, T'
iE Hayden and J. D. Boyd. A cormmit-.
tee'from each district was appointed, of
wich W. H. Trescoit, 'Es(-, from this
tt, was a member,- to lake io cdonside
!aton the objects-ofithd meeting, to dift
~report, and-act on such matters as ma
be referred to them. Mrgrrst atreaU
the report, -refacing it byguanome ad
dress, and concluding withpferni a num
her of resolutions; whidhwere n i nuiia
ly adopted. -Thefollowing ae theres
olutions passed *''C~'
Resolved, That this Convention, regards
the construction of the Charlotte. aid
South Carolina Rail- Road an : ohject. of
the. utmost importance to the,.welfarp; of
the States of North and South,. Caralioa.
Resolved, That the cheap id spdedy.
construetioun of ibis Rosad is eitirely within:
the ability of the extensive, fertile and,
populous regions to te afIected'byits com
pletion; and from- he spirit and zeal man
tfested by the States of North"and South
Carolina, this Convention entertains no
dduht 'of its completion. -
Resolved, That- this Convention are of
opjnion that books of subscription for the
stock of said road ahould be forthwith
opened in the States- of North and South
Carolina, according to "the provisions of
the Charters of Iacorporation.
Resolved, Thet a Committee of five
persons, two from North Carolina and
three from South Carolina, -be appointed
by the Chairmam of ibis Convention, to
prepare a report, on the geueral.subject of
this road, to be published under the..au
thorty of this Convention. F. W. Davie,
Joseph Black, John M.. Dessaussure, of
South Carolina; J. W. Osborne and D.
M. Barringer, of North Carolina, compose
Joseph A. Black, Esq., of Columbia,
and John M. Dessaussure, of Camden,
then addressed the meeting in an able and
eloquent manner, and the Convention ad
dourned-the best spirit, and the utmost
Incendiary Paper.-The Grand Jury of;
Accomac Co., Virginia, on. the 20th ult.,
presented the New .York Christian Advo
cate and Journal (the organ of the Metho
dist Episcopal Church,) as-an -incendiary
paper in the following.
"We the Grand Jury upon our oaths do,
present, that the New York Christian
Advocate and Journal, a newspaper pub.
lished in the City of Now York, is a paper
which is circulated through the post office
of this County,and advises, and is calcula
ted 85 intended to persuade persons of color,
within this Commonwealth, to make insurrec,
tion, or rebel, and denies the right of mas
ters to property in. their slaves, and.'iucu k
cates, the duty of resistance to such right,:
contrary to the statute in such case made
"This presentment is made upon the
examination of the paper itself. -
LEWIS L, SNEAD, Foreman."
A copy of the presentment Iran been
served upon all the postmaster in thecoun-.
ty, deter them from delivering the paper
From the Mobile Herwal 4 Tribuee,'Ez4i
LATER FROM MEXCO.
The steamship James L.,sDay arrived
at the-Levee early this morning from Vera
Cruz, whence she sailed re the 5th inst.
By this vessel we have received nir regu
lar correspondenceand fles ofVery Cruz
and.Jalapa.papers..Apart from the.intel
ligence containpd taur letters, we ;learn;
verhal(yithat'.an .express reahagid ere
dopiiation hd cutea ad 4'uii Llr e'ity
of Mexico-to request.Gena ett. .taike.
the. :epi'al' nnders:his-protection. This
news' is almost-iberedible~'but whet'it is
remembered that the system of the guerilla
warfare has been adopted by Mexico. and
thiat the banditi who engage in ~this service
are as dangerous toutheir own country
men as to the enemy, the .report gains
The impression was gairring ground' in
the army that there would be no-more
fight ing. It was not expected that there
would be any opposition this side of or at
Puebla; and it was even 'doubted if the
Mexicans would defend .their capital.
Expectations of this nature have proved
deceitful so often that we indulge them
with much misgiving.
.The Mexican papers continue iteir de
clamatory strictures upon the mission of
A tocha. It would appear that the send
ing of this miserable fellow ot6 any imn.
portant mission to Mexico has given great.
er umbrage than all else that has been'
done by the United States. The regard'
him in the light of an official pimp, a trea
sonable- pander, a perfiduous. misereantr
and indeed the conicentration of baseness.
They rhink he was -sent here by the
Amerlean' cabinet in miok and scorn. We
have already copiedl the artiele' of El Re-!
publicano- ..pon. Autocha.- That paper
the very best ino all Mexico;: the highest ins
tone anid the sturdiest defender of republi
can intstitutions when' the monarchical
party was in- the ascendant, after noticing
the arrival of Atocha onr a maissionr from
this country and recount-ing. his past histo
ry in Mexico-, remarks :
"0 God! .this is the greatest sign- that
thou has forgotten us. Send upon' us
bombs, rifles, grape shot and. every- class
of projectile and misfortune; buirn us, re
d-uee us to ashes, destroy us-annihilate
but do not dishonor us: Send theient ire
North to subjugate and .rule over us,' bt
let not Atocha ter he broker of a contract
fpeace, because thai, devolving upoii'us
the greatest scorn' and the greatest h'uflili
sion, would be [0 God !-) the greatest
This wve are'-assured is a true reflex of
the feelings of the better order of Mexicans
inregard to this unfortunate appointment.
The whbereabouts of Santa A nna is
somawhat problematic'al the last authentic:
inteligence located him ailOrizaba with'
a miscellane'ous command of 3000. Sub
sequent report him as ha.ving gone South'
to recruit his ranks'in Oajaca. It is cer
tain tbat he has not shown himself'at 'the
capitol since his defeat. There it areport
that he 'desires to leav-e the country;: but
.Mr. Kendall thinks' he may make adash
upon detached* parties in the rear -of the
ni-my, or upotn eagon rraine,~ with' aview
to reinstating himiself in'the. gorid pitiop
' rt was the intention of'G'en. Sco't, urpon
the arrival of the wagon' traid that' was to
start fro-n Vera Crti, upon the~ 6th inst.,
to cut offnal contnection' with the sea coast,
rely upon the countriy for sustenance, and~
push forward 'to the city. 'riiigeneral.
order, 'da ed'at Ja?~pi, 30'h' April,.in'ti.
mates as miuch. Bbt Mi', Kendall's letter
:ionof the twat pmoAIu
a band of pirates; au, ,s
grain fe'u )i
Maj. Gen7 'Pillow cani' ptjt
neasee regimnt, 'earns-ovrti
*.nderK.Qn;_ Tay -fOif' t~e
Monterey and (7oij6ojW
turns 0n account~u~ hj'alC h
Mr. K.uatvme 1r
25 :-G&,,; Sal j*ie
interim before the arrvl bly s
from exile, has isseed a. pa'tai
and call up on ill good:, lM
hisastandard.. In lisii clpd'
he. says that: -war., io,deprnhr
shall be the device of; the; gaer, -
of vengeance." -
Foriest eat, :A:nay as~~I
lhog upon .one -and alt 'o .rocsb o
rescue. "He "dwells partiedul -cp
.achievements orrlfeir fatheru- tatfI
of the 'present' M16 Ii~'d
petitione their std do" li~e~ie"
El fte ublianosr h:-a n -2Int
a long listof those perons2 w o.
tribuied volu nuarlyrntoartIq~Z
foundry, for 'the casting of, an
samie paper mentiobs theatnzvsa
zaba of Santa Anna, ,but; sas i
the number -of troops dh is
Santa An=?e al
guile, writes from lalapa " y -
"1 informed you. :he; otioF'
bad a story tn'fell aiiStriWAs
leave it be wn i@'- ioot '
unlock it,' from which=h be4,#.
taken a .few" papersore Vi'i'
but the majort :ib' ep s
plate,~ hie. .jc wr1ho' udaey
was i: o' idt i 't!'ed
s:hati~~ ete i:ofW e "'
wech tllm' ,thewjat
figihn inht ottiU-lomiat
dayi or twjo nihatt P1
crea le icite metj
and M'oost i rwiidreju a
br-nt of ir'e omi
.c.L.. i-a.i ; .