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We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and iF it t we will Perish amizdst the Ruins."
VOLIUME XII.- NO.46. PBULISHED tVERY WVDNESDAY BY W.M. F. DURI-SOE. EDITOR & PROPRIETOR. NETL' TERMi 'rioDOLLARs and FIFTI CENTS, perainnum ifpaid in advance -3Siftnot paid within six tionths from the date of stbsctiptioni. and $4 if not paid before the expiration of the tear. All subscriptions will he continned, unless otherwise ordered before the #.xpira. tion of the year; but no paper will be dis continued until all arrearazes are paid, un less at the option of the Publisher. Any person procuring five responsible Sut scribers, shall receive the paper for oie year. gratis. ADV9tIWETS conpiclnomroyinsertedat75 *Lt per square, (12 lines, or less.) for the firstInsertion. and 37.1 for eat-i continatince. Those published monthly or quarterly. will be charge $1 per square. Advertisements not having the number of insertions tmarked an them, will bA contisined uutilotdcred out 'aud charged accordingly. CotntunicRtions, post paid, will be prompt ly and strictly attended to. W. C. M1 1G.-VE. 1 ILL practise in the Courts of Law and Equity in the Districts of Edgefiel I and Abbeville. Offce, Edgeed C H Sept 20 Sm P. S. BROOKS, FF E R S his profes.ional services in 40 LAW and EQUITY. Oct4 tf 37 JopSEP ABNEY A TTUJRNEY AT LAf. W tL L practise in the Courts of Edgefield W and the adjoininig Districts. An 23 if .1_ A ARD. D R. ELBERT BLAND respectfully MTffrs his Prifessionial Services to the citiAeis of E.dgefield villtge and vcinsity. Office next door to the Court I]onse Aug 16 t1 30 CAN DIDA TES. FOR SHERIFF. U7The friends of WESLEY BODIE. Esqr. itwainince him as a candidate hOr the Jfficp of 13wriffofrthis District at the ensning election. We are authorized in ailliounce Cap. IUMIPHREY BOULWARE,asa Can didte :or Sheriff, at the e-n-UiaU- electil"m [UThe friends of Col. THOS. W. .AN HAM announce hni ai a cajididare for the aa candidate T,,'hSeiil7; Ed field District at the next election.:' 0" WA are aunorized to announce T. J. W HITAI(., as ascandid.tte for t1je.0flite of Sherilf, at the enQniuig election. The Friends of N- P. BUTLER. E.. annioce him as a Candidate for Sherift at the next election. (7"The Friends of ALFRED MAY. announce hit as a Candidate for Sheril, at the ensuing election. FOR CLERK. UTnie friends of PE"TER QUATTLE BUM, Esqi.. announce him its a candidate for the Office of Clerk of the Court (if Comonot Pleas, of this District, at the ensiting election We are authorized to announce THOS. G BACON, a candidate for re+lection as Clerk of theCourt, for Edg.-field District. The friends of E. PENN. announce him as a Candidate for the Ollice of Clerk at tre etiuine elerit.n. FOR ORDINARY. We are authorized to annnsiince EDWARD PRESLEY, ass a Candidate Ppr the Oflice of Ordinary at the ensning election. We are authorizetl to atnounce Col. WILLIAM H. MOSS, as a Candidate for the off.ce of Ordinary at the ensuini election. n- The friends of HENRY T. WRIG1HT Esqr. unnotnee lhim na a candidate for thse of fice of Ordiury of this District, ait thse esnsisg election. We are ntutho'rized to anousce M-I.e WV. L. COLEMAN. .5n sradidate for *Ordinary as rho ensuing electiosn. Thse friendss of HUG H A. NIXON, E%q., respectfully asnnounce hima as a Casndidate for the office of Ordinsary, at the tnext Election. We are authorized to announce W M L. PARKS, as a Candhidateo for TaT Colhee tor. as the next election. NEW GOODS. T H E Subscribter has just reeivesd hsis FALL and WINTER NTOt K of GODE consistinsg in part ofla splendid lot of II<.rstead Goods'for Ladis Dresses of all kinds, a fine lot oft Gitaghtarms. Enghsh & American Prnnts, Col'd & Bluck Alpacca's, B3ombazine, A LARGE AND SPEN DID STOCK OF Nearto Shoes, Blanskete & Kersers. Groceries. Hardware, Crockery. H ans & Cups. 'To which h,s invites his frietads. ansd the public to call and ex,amsine, before purchasing elsewhere, as he feels cosnfidenst that hesa cant give satisfaction to all who tmay tavor hsim with a call. B. C. B RYA4N. Oct. 10. 1848. tf 38 1New Boot anid Shoe MANUFAETORY. WHERE Gentlemen'a Boots and Shoes are made in a most superior stvle of fit and workmanship. Gentlensen wanting cork soled. double soled, water proof, walkusg, dress. patent! heaulher. and a fine plump soled BOOTS, need but leave thseir orders with the sutbscriber. .eeb WILLIAM McEVOY. DRY GOODS! FROM 1-T0 25 PER CENT LESS TH %N LAST YEAR'S PRICES!! At T. Brennan's Cheap DRV GUOD. iToRE. OpposiIe the Maision House and icz/ door to Hand 4 W 1illiams Gro cmry Store, Augasta. Ga. 11 E wideriigjied ia oeceaived hi,; supply o'f Fall & Wi ter Gociod. among which are Figurel. Watered and plain black eilks, Black Alparas and 13nnmbaziws, Colored Alpaccag, plain and satin striped. French 0iushmeres and Enuhsh Merinos, .w0 pieces Ml is!in DeLaines. 12. to 25 cents. 30 do Cashness, 25 to 50 cens, 100 di Sotch and Frencl Ginghams, 12.3 to 31 cents. 500 piece Prints. fron 4 to 12.1 cents per yard, 10 bales brown Shirtings and Sheeting, 4 to 10 cents'V Fringes, Gimps and Buttons. Bleached shirtings. eic . 5 to 12A cents, Irsh Linens and Table Lttnasks, Needle worket. Collars Chemisetts, fisls Linen and thread EDIPing.I Lineit Cambric llaidketchiels,.G to 37.3 cents Hosiery, Gloves. Ribbotis Laces. etc . Cloili. Cassimere.s. Tweeds ind ErnineBts. .attinets. Nentiucky Jeats nn Korseyi, Negro and 31achinaw Lidiets, fine Bed and Crib do A few cases tof flats aid Shoes N. B.-Prints and Dome-;tics. 20 per cent ess than last year's prices. New Goods roceived weekly by the Steamer. Parcels delivered in Ifaiiburg free of charge. T. BRENNAN. Oct 25 ?In 40 GREAT BAHilNS. UNt;AR & BURNSIDE lsjnst receiv D ed by Rail Road and River. the following Dlist of GOOS. to which they respectfully in vite attention. 'latnters visiting our market would dfo well to give us a call before purcha sig elsewlicre. 47 HMs. St. Croix, Porto Rico and N. 0. Sugars. 25 Bhle. No I Clarified Sugars, 70 ' Sipierior Coltee Sligirs. 5 - Ind 5 boxes Loaf. Crushed and Pow derediSugars, We!t India aid New Orleans Molasses, 175 Bags Rio. Laguara and Java Colfee, 400 Sacks of Salt. 75 barrels Mackerels, 50 boxes fine Cheese, 3 tiernes Rice. 125 kegs of Nails and Brads. 30.000 Is. Sweedes Iron-all sizes, Band lron;-German aid Ca.,t Steel, Wagon Bi-xes. 4.500 pounds White Lead, Vernon Milht 2 barrels L;nseed Oil. Ditchers Boots. Brogans and Ladies Slhc 500 lleniy Duiffl Blankets, 20 pair Fine Bed B!ankets, KerAeys. Osnaburg4, Shirtings and Shiem 2 cases Prints-all patterns. 1tinited Buckets and Tubs. B3ra,sbou'.d Buckets and Wire Seeveq. 3000 potuds Hemlock. and 300 poundi oak tan ned Sole Leather. Upper Leather and Calf. skins. 200 Coils Rope-1WO pounds Twine, 125 bags Shot. 50 kegs best Powder, Leatf. BInestone, Indigo, Copperas. Candle,. Sperin atid Tallow, Chewing Tobacco, Sugar Cans, Measures. Pepper. Spice. Gin ger. Cane Seat Chairs. Wood aiid Cane Seat Rocking Chairs. and manny other articles too te dions to enumerate. We will lie making almost daily accessions to ont stock. aind wouif be pleased to attend toall orders fron our Criedds, and feel assured of giv in-, sutit;f4etion. DUNBAR & BURNSIDF. lambnurg. S. C., (ct 25 rf 40 Wm. Ketchum & 00, f AKE pleasure in relurning their grate T ud acknowledgments ror lit. very liberal patronage heretofore bestowed upon them. and hope by liberality and fIair duealing to merit a counti .nantce u e nowv invite the attention ot onr numier.. ouns friends andl enutomners uid the public gein, erally. to our o,-w :.toekt of FiNE F:'.ISHIIDNABLE AND (fHEA P FANCY AlND ST APLE DRY GOODS. Selectedl by onec of the Firm diirinug the last month tromt then New York and P'hiladelphia Markets. Our a-sortm,e t w'ill coompris every article usuailly calledl for in this .tlarl,et. m and.we pledge o,ursrdves tnt to be undersoldl by any in Ham burg or Aungusta. Goodls ala. honwth pleaisure. No charge for looking. Give us a call. N. B. Store ina the American Hontel Build ings,. llamtburg S... Oct 4 J2t 37 Commnission~ Businless, MRP. Y P.RT'LOW huvmg tby muitual cset wvithdrauwnfronm the firm of GeJr.ar. Po riloo & Knight. t he W V KREHt)U SE and CO.l .IIISS[0N husinmess wiil be continuued at the' same stand by WV. W GEIGER & Ji. L. Ksiom-r, tunder the firm of G;Etl ER & K(NIG HT. Who respiectfully tender to former cnstomers autnd Planters generally their servmces in the Stor aige anid sale of Cottot. and othier produce. Advances will be made when reqjuired on produce in Store and their charges will be0 reg-. ulated by ai due iegard to the state of the times. No'v I 1848 2m 43 Executorss N~otice. A LL lpersons. taving dlemtands against Athme Estate ot M. Minis deceased. are rqeedto present them rprlite please make imime.liame payment. E. J. MIMS, ~Executors. Nm, 15 18.4 43 GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE. E XEcUTYF DFrARTMENT. Colimbia, 28th Nov. 1848. To the Honorable the Speaker and Mem bers of the' House of lepresentatives: (3ENTLEMEN : flaving in your recent Ses-sitn been confined to the discharge of a particular duty, you have.convened here now at the tine appointed by the Consi imion, for the purposes of geoeral legisla lion, and I cano too deeply impress on you the imp)-ortance of this duty. The right of the citizens to select their lawgiv era fro-n amongst themselves, is amongst :he brightest an. most cherished .features iii the structure of Depresenlative Govern, mtnns. The Representative best knows the %%ants. necessiiies and opinions of his con siituunts. anl. his fidelily and vigilance' is secured by the ract, that he himsetf is gov eraed by, nod subjected to the same laws which he ordains for them. But his obli gations to h!s immediate constituents, are not 'he only responsibilitie4 which lie ifi curs--hey are but members of a large community, and their particular interest will be best promoted by consulting the general interest ; and in discharge of the sacred iluty ot -legislator. lie is responsible to the comin:tnity at large. In the dis-harge of the duties assigned to me by tlie (onstitution. I shall non, and from ttim to time, endeavot to put you il prissein o of' any iinformation I posse,-s, or may otitU t,f the coitilon, and recommend such ineasures as. in mv j-idgerent, %ill hest promote the gener i interest of the State. And you will unite with rie in imploriug Alimighty Wi-dai. to aid and direct us in the discharge of our reapective duties, to that whatever %e tnny do, shall promote the happiness and pros. periiy of our beloved State. Tie Report of the Comptroller General will pt you in possession of the condition of the Finances of the State. Wi.hout entering into the details which will be found in the Report, the result shows that the ordinary revenues of the State, exclusive of the profits of the lank of the State, and dividends in the Stock owned,by the.State, in the Souli Westerti Rail Road Bank. amounting together to tne sut) ..f $108,0d0. which has teen car. --- tie Sinkio.R'nLLase about the propriety_ _ __ it was originally chartered iu eighteen hundred and twelve ; and nothing but what was sipposed absolule necessity. could even then make it acceptable. It will be recollected titat it was durine the war with Great Britain, de.clared in June preceding. which entirely cut off our con imerce with Europe; tie pectiniary re sources of the country having been com pletely drained by the preceding embirgo and non-intterconrse; and witil a fruitful soil. untiring labor. and abundont protitc inus without a market. even the we;tlbby Planter content to forego the luxuries which use had rendered in some degree -cce-sirv, found it difficult to rmeet the de nands ujiua him. for the laxe? and other does to the Government. The otate then had in hand emite cash, aid on tied stocks and other productive securities to a con siderable amount, and it was tiought ihoue would be more betieficially employed in reducing them to cash. and lendiog it to the citizens otn real or personal security, to relieve their necessities. A Loan Office for this purpose was at first contetmplated, butt it ws t.mnught that baniking pow'ers. and ptrivil--ge's would greatly facilitate its operationis anid hetnc- the charter of the Batnk of the State, in' the formn in which we find it. Frcwn that iime to this, dis trust and tdoubts abutut the f.tithful admtin i,traiion of its aisirs have pervadted'somre pttrtions of the State, atnd I mnight add, alf puirtionis oif it in a gr--ater or less degree atid the proptriety of clositng it, anti wirtd mtg up its concerns, has been suggested. Danger of indiscretion, the want of fidelity in its utfic'ers, and o.f the p)artiality of its favitrs, wheni matnatged by persots hatving un immtnediate interest in its results. are nmaitnly relied on in support of ibis propo sit ion. I have felt the full force of these argu, men's, and if it was now first proposed to establish a Bank with t he usual powrers on accounit of the State. an.J based on its capital. I should utnhesitatingly opptose my dissent:t0 it. Trhere isdaneer that persons having no immediate interest itn it, would not excercise the samte prutdence antd circum spection. in the managemtent of it. that they wotuld do in their own concerns that they mright indulge in personial par tialities, at thes expense of the latnk, an I that they might prostitute it to political party purposes. There is yet another objectin,i vhichi strikes mue as more opposmtg. But for the expectation of realizing profits at the ex pense of its customzers, such a thinig as a Bank would never have been heard of. It is etnough that the citizetn has contribu ted his proper proportiton towards the corn mon hurthens, and the State ought not to accept mor tat his hand. It may he said, that if there was.no Book of the State, he Imight fiud accommodation at other Blanks on the same terms, andi the result to him would be the same. anti that the State had thn right to sane tbhe profits of banking. A rovert tae, whose aufy it is by every poise eans to cherish and cot ciliate, lo .gly to put itself in the position o Iless creditor towards the citizen , wr I hich no Baik could sus tain itself.. Otowever is not now the questiin. Uid it be wise and pru rienI to cle ihe Bank and wind up its concerns at*t time ? There a(- - many reasons why, in my judgenj. this nould be inexpedi ent flail] e a few only which strike me as ili ;isfactory. According to the repr .umpitoller General, the liabilities ink ofall sortsamout to andt the citizens of t late, if not the sole, arei the princips *biors. The credit system is uuhappily interwoven with our hao its ol busine gIhat even thoese%ure le-. sois that 'Ave been taught iruim time to tile by.,Q suddei depresitins in the prire of OuMilaples, and the consequent derangen rIl of our productive pur suits, hi been euabled to correct it. We are 1 0 now, in consequence ol t he l r oeir a,r:culiural produc Iions, in e, dst of tne, of those revoi sions( of coW .., e inich inevitubly brings with it a ; tly of circulatina Uedit1um. alid an itncrVsed deiand for it. Close the' Bunk Iad sIop its issues, and at leist oie- ft'brsupply is cut off. Vlunldi yncts to the Bank, and rverv debtp- that has the menus would Ie di'epos gel, rid of that responsibility, woul.1 to' textent diininii the circtil tion; an"d, rce collecions. would he productive '.anelculable distress to the commuunit. There isi ter consideration of equal, if not gres huporlatice. The capital siock an4 .ifiis if thie B !nk, are sol emuly pCt i'n the faith of to State for ever,._ a N-she was borrowed, from the vWr-" o .down to this time. The year~of-183f, I ithorizing what is called t he fire loaofd ii hldus of dollars. ($2,000, 00. .wich Jipngst she last. makes the sam nd the evidence spread n yournjo ,shuws, that the agent who efet ,iao, and the .iirc-iasers of thdit ad regard to them. iii the! neaotigtfko ile bIn. The character ' of theBan Ui involved in these-pled f ges-her .,'to fulfill thetn, would in. viii,ut reure!S- ~ine thate. creature of Ibe State. which may dispose uf its iumds as might he thought fit. She i not liable io soit, and the only security % which the creditor would have, would be s the faith of the State already violated. It 5 is true, that by shutting up the lank, and c ralling in the debts due to it. metans might c 5e provided for,the payment. of the public debt. Bitt the fact of cu ting off this se-. urity fur itm payment, would inevitably 9 naterially aflct the price of the stocks, and % iperate injitriously to the holders-a c.u- c eq;ience which I am sure every citizen of i Lhe State would deprecate. 1 IL tmay he asked, if this instimution is o he perpetuated and 'riveted upon our I rosperity for all time to come ? I htipe c ot. Tih. 'ine may. and I hope will vime, when it %Till he wise and prudent to I ,ose it frever.- But I would not have I lie State viol:te its solemn pledges. atid I lo wrong to its ereditors. even at the risk t if the dangers in which I believe ii would e exposed, in the hands of noworthy and lishonest agen'ts. We haivs little to ap.. rebiend from this source, if past experience I i anv evidlence of what we may expect in I he foture. The Batik has niow hieen in a;eratiion for thirtyfive years, and dnring dl that time it has been the despositoryll f all the public treasure; and if thiere- hans ben any one of its nutmeronis and fre tuence changing officers (incluiditig the rnches) waintiog ini honesty and hiidelity; I mny instance '. i'ndtilging personal patr iaiiy at the expense of the Bank, or the rostitution of its means mi unworthy pur ose, I have not seen the evidence of it. Losses have occuirretd, and t hey are inevi ably ini all institutions of the kind; but the monioal rep)orts of the Bank, ..how that at east reasonable profle have been rea liz e; andh for time to come, durinig which we rmust submit to what I regardl as an vil. the Legislature is called on by every onsiderationi of policy and interest. to, eep at the head of the instiiution,as eretofore, able, honest, and faithful a euts. When.-the pledges on the part of he Batik have been redeemned, it would ie wvise to closeC its do'ors forever, and call n its credits in such reasonable a:nnual mmirs. as the comnmunity can bear. And I would oni that account, earnestly re ommenid that there should not be any )ther pledges involving the capital or prio hits of tne Bank. If they are required for hre, or atny other purposes, they are uti er the contrul of the State. The increasing prosperity andi useful ess of the South Carolina Colege, is so nttch a matter of pride, that the attention f every one is constantly directed in wards it, and Lecan adld hut littl to what is genernally known of i present condi ion. And under a wise, consistent, and mild, hut firm and-uniform goverriment, the -parts all harmonize, and regularity and order reign withintits walls, and emti In,b.n amnst ihn sinteus and an in creased ambition to acquire knowledge are the necessary fruits. The extensive addition-al accommnda lions for the attioents, proi,cted by the Board of Trustees at its last annual mee dig. have by the liberal means -p-ravided bly the Legislature at its annual Session, been completed in a manner that adds greatly to the eff'ect andi bcauty of the College Buildings, and yet there is no room to spare. 'lhe studets number n1w two hundred and fiflty-five. including the graduating class. which is thiriy-ei-ht ill number; but it js probable ihnt theiir places will be supplied by the form ntio.1of * ne w Freshman class. Virtinia, Norib-Caro lina, Tennessee, Georgia. Alabama. Mis sissippi, Louisiana. nid Texas, all have representatives anonkst the -students, and it is not an unreasonable anticipation iltat he lights of science and literature emana iing from this cherished insitUtion, will he teen throuahtmi the entire extentt (p*the Southern portint of our Conil-deracy. It may, and the time may even now have rrived, when it will be iudiipensably tie messary to enlarge the useruiness of the College by proviling for ins:rtietion in ome branches of the sciences aud litera. tre that are nol now aught in it. BIut be- subject belon,s more apprnpriatelv .0 the Board of Trusteeq. to whose hands s has been wikely cun!idd, and t'ere .I williogly leave it, I shotili le gratified to present you vith an equally flittering account of the Nilndition if our Free Schoolb. Duf-ctive n the frame work of their original strue ure. they have dragged on a wretched x - sience, if, indeed, icy can be said to ex it at all. down to this day. at an immense ost. without any apparent benefits, ex ept in the towns and cities, where. fron he denseneiii oI the population, the funda ppropriated for tlelr support can be con entrated so as to makce its i!ifl;jeince felt. (ear afteir year the attention of the Ll-gis ture hIvs been called to ibis sttbj ct by ny predecessors itt oflice; and again and ,aiu legislative committees havo been ireeted to examine into their condition; nil whilst all concede and expose the dfec Ive operation of the sysien, no incasuies ave beett taken towards its improvement. 'he will t) do0 it is certainly not wanting tr it is a suhjoct ill which every individt I has an interest; and I can only account ......, y-iTn prove, ient likely to'produce results correspond Pg in auy reasnuable proportion to the cry large stm annually expetided in their upport. The local Boardi of Commis inners cannot be relied on for the. ne essary ittformation, as they act wijh ut concert or uniformity of the system; nd I suggested to the Leislatuore at its isi session the propriety of appointing a uita'le agent, whose tduty it should be to isit every puriion of he State in detail, hatged cipecially with collectin. all the iformation he could obtain from the local nards, and intelligent individuals; and p propose a plau suited to the occasion. Vhniever plan may be devised, I nm very onfident that it will he thund that there rill be a great d-ficiency of competent istructors even in the primary depart ents of an Etiglish education. It is possi le that there will be iotd in all districts, f,v young persons of both sexes who old, for the purpose of acquiring n ui l e edlucation,. free of expetnse. olige hetmselves, when qualified, to devote a tw years to tte insuructon of childrten )r a reasonable comnpensation; anid as a tarting ptint in the improvemenlt of :he ystemt, I would recotmmtendl that the h.ards of Commitssioners of the several. listricts he requiiredl by law tr1 inqttire for nul select from those of'ring. a certttin umbher who woutld be willinug to accept hese tertms, and to p'ace them ut suirtable chools; the expetnses of tuition and suh, istanice to lie providetd for otit uf the comn non free school fund before it is dlirtribtt d* atmongst the districts, or in such other vay as yosu may see fit to prescribe-. In conntection with this, subject, I take reat pleasture in laying before yott a comn tunication fr.omt the Rev. Dr. Curtis atndt 'nn, the Princitials of thle F,emiiale IIligh shool. at Limtestone Sprint and of Mr. . [W Hudsoni. Prnipital of the Mllounit Gioni Acatdetty. at Wintnshurotugh, whirh ontains the liberal nd patritii proposi ont to receive, in furtherance of any gcn ral platn th:,t tnay lie adoptetd ti make the ree schools u,efttl, any tnutmber of puipils: nte of females, atnd the other of males, not xceedinig twelve each, free of anty charge ir itnstruction, to ho educateed for teachers. is generally knmown, that these institi ints rank amongst the mnst respectabie t the-State; and my own observation en hItes me to state thtat the government, liscipline, and sticess in instroction, will a:nk with any other of the maime descrip ion in the Stat e; antd I would recoimmend arnestly, that at lea::t this intitiatory step. e prom'ptly taken tt wardls t he improve uent of the free school sys'em. .Other schtools, entitled to cqtial confi letnce, will douilesus lie ambitious to: t'ol owv this lantdable example; and provisin ,ught to be niade ftr such a contiigenmcy. itnvito your attenition mnorejpar.ticularly to ise cnmmunicntin. ns contnining sotDe useful and practial information on the sui-ct of normal schokls. Tie Cuiadel Academy nt Charleston, and the Areenal Academy here. will fur ni,li apporpriate means of normal instrue, tion in many (of ilhe most useful dep;irt ments of science. and the South Carolina College the means of an education in the highest depart.nents of science and litattifre. In my first Message to the Legislature at it% last annual session. I took occasion' in bring to their notice the sub-ject of In iernal inprovenetits. and as to action was then had upon it. I take the liberty of poresenting it to you in the hope that it will receive your early aienion. For my aeneral views on the soject I refer you to lhat Message; but at the expense of some repetition I will state somre facts which in ny judgment, deserve especial considera. ti'm. All wh.- are fanmiliar with the upper portions oft the State know that few, if any r or its pro(uiction., will bear the expense'of tran) rtation by the ordinary means to a market and leave any profits to th,e pro. ducer, except the article of cotton, which is not grown at all in the region bordering the mountainq; and even that. at the -, presni low prices. leaves hut a small nett income when the charges of transportation are dductelb All descriptions of grain may he transp-ried to our narkets from any of the Norjhern cities at a les- expense than lron the mountain region, where it is grown in abundance; and, with facilities of transportation, might and would bo increasel to almost any extent. Lime, which is found in abundance in York and Spartanbprg Districts, of buperior quality, is shut out even from the market in this place, on aceount of the difl'erence in the expenses of transportation, by the Thom aston lime. For the same reason our great marts are closed against the iron pro. dured in the interior, and they are sup plied from Europe and the Northern Sttes. The same remarks will apply to almost every article 'of production, the transportation of which is expetisive on account of its weight or bulk ; and I ven tmre to predict, tl:at unless greater facilities of transportation are supplied.- the healthi est and must:favored portion of the State - will hecome tenaitless. Heretofore they have found a market for their bgri'cuhtital productions amongst their cotion growing neighbors,. but at the present low prices -h-- " ~ i their interest to raise-their. -- -- ..-IrrMTy aa. ..6. aistriets, and will leave a space df more than an hun-. dred miles between their northern termi n-tions unprovided for. But no poi-ion of either of these roads has yet been com pleted, and judging solely from what I know of the scarcity nfmoney and the low prices of produce, these companies will find it diffilculi to enll in the subscriptions for stocks. iind without the aid of he State ci the progress towarls their completion must be very slow. And I would earnesily re romir end to your consideration tie pro priety of afTording them some assistance towards the completion of these laudable on-! p-ariotic enterprises. Permit me, also, to invite your atten'inn to what I said in the same Message, In , the subject of the navigation of our water courses. The subject I know has become stale, and it would seem strantge that these natural chaunels of transportution are des tined to remain in their native rmtenees and impractieability. All attempts at im, proveecnt hatve been hererofore made at the expense of thte State. But I have no doubht thtat if thte exclusive right to the,. navintin wouhil be coniceded, comtpanies would be readily nrganized with adequtate mecans to improve it, so as to enable them to traisport prodluce at rates grately below. what is now comrnon. .ltit it is believed that tbis concession cannoit lhe obtained, even from those residing on t he baniks of the nsator courses. Those employed in - boatintg as a business. finid their accounlt in the increased prices. on account of the difliculty of the navigation ; and the plan ter residinig otn or~ near the water courses, fwnds his itn emplotyinig his ownt hands, inistead of payinug freight. There is, ton, somnething liko a natural disitclinationi to. payv tribute for nsing nature's common highway ; amd n ithout 4e.gislative authori.. ty. or aid. these channelds are destinedh to remain forever in their present tude and tnimtirovced condi ion. lIt cotnnection with this stubject, I trans mit herewith the report of Mijtnr Wilhtaut Spetncer Brown. a distingunished enugineer. of a survey made by hitm !of Broad river, at the instance of t he Ctolumbia anid Green v'ille Railroad Company, which contains mutch valuable information as to the con dition of thiat river. I huad the honror to communicate to the Legislature, at its last sessiont. that in ptar stuance oh its orders. I had engaaer: B. C. Pressley, F>q., of Ch:,rlestonu. to prepare atnd procftre to lie printeel, a Digest of the lAvs rclating to the O;lice and Duties of - Ma$itrate; and I have now the pleasure . of informing 'yOU, that I understanid the book has been prinlted, andt will be ready for delivery dairinig the present session. Eight hundtred dollars were appropiatcd towards paying the expense of printing, anad ut haes been paid to Mr. Pressley for that-purpose. Whetheritivtillhle sulficient to pay for the pritnitig ;am binding, I have ntot heeni informed. No provisiont has been mnade to enompensate Mr. Presslay for his