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A-.. Hle' trql cling to the Pillars of the Tenmple of vu I(bTUSOads ffl ewl crs&ais un. VOLU,ME.X111..a . P13ULISIIED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY WM. F. DURAIZSOE. EDITOR & PROPRIETOR. NV'11' TERMS V-o DOLLA s aiid FIFT. C ENrs. per annum ifpaid in advance -$ if nlot paid withim six months from the date of subsctiptiln. and $4 if not paid before thp expiration of the year. All subscriptions will be contilned, unless otherwise ordered before tie cxpira tion of the year ; but no paper will be dis continued utintil all arrearages are paid, un less at the option of the Publisher. . Any person procaring five responsible Stlo setibers, shall receive the paper for one year, gratis. ADVERT:SENE'S conspicnotistyi iserted at 75 cents per square, (12 lines, or less.) for the firstinsertion.-and 371 for each continitance. Those published monthly or quiarterly. will be char,e.i $1 per square. Avertisements not having the number of itnertionq moarked on them, wvill be contiined untit oidered out and charged accordingly. Comnmunications, pest paid, will be prompt ly and strictly attended to. - P.S. BrOOK, .. 0 F F E R S his professionat services in LAW and EQUITY. Oct 4 - if - 37 JOSEP1 ABNFY, A4TTURAEY AT LA 1'. WILL practise in the Court,; of Edgefield and the udjoining Districts. Aug 23 t! ^1 W ILL practise in the Courts of Law W and Equity in the Districts of Edgefeld6 and Abbeville. Cfice, Edgefield C 11. Sept 20 3m 35 , A CA[ BD. ELBERT BLAND respec.fully offers his Profesioal Services to (Ie citizens cf Edgefield viliage %: ucinity. Office next door to the Court House Atig 16 tf 30 CAN D IATE S. FOR SHERi'F. E7The friends of WESLEY BODIE, Esqr., announce him as a candidate for te Offhce of Sheriff of this District at the ensning election. We are authorized to announce Capi. I1UMPHREY BOULMARE,asa Can didatq tor Sheriff, at the ensuing electionu (ErThe friends of Col. THUS. W. LAN HAM announce him as a candidate for the office ofSheuiff at the next election. uThe friens f Col. JOHN H - ae hin. asa ciin Iate,Td i.rff 6dg WHITAKER, as-a candidate for the Office of Shertj, at the ensning election. - The Friends of WMP. BUTLER, Esq., announc.e hiin as a Candidate for Sheriff at the ntext election. "" w'ie Friends of A LF RED MAY, annouce him as a Candidate for Sheriff, at the ensuitg election. FOR CLERK. g We are authorised to aunnunce NvM. m. JOHNSON, Esq., a/eandidtie for Clerk of the District Coupoif Edgtfiold at the ensuing election. '97 The friends of P - 'ER QUATTLE BUM, Esqv.. announce iin as a candidate for the Office of Clerkif tbe Court of Coniuion Pleas, of this D;trict. at the en.*uing elec.tion We are ,Aorized to annoutnce osi0. G. BACo1, a candidate for re-elotiun as Clerk-it the Court. for Edgeield Diitrict. Trie friends of E. PENN, nnuounce Min as a Candidate for the Office of Clerk at the ensuing election. FOR ORDINARY. We are authorized to announce EDWAit D PRESLEY, as a Candidate for the Olice of Ordinary at the ensning election. We are authorized to announce Col. WiLLIAM H. MOSS, as a Candidate for the ofEece of Ordinary at -the ensumn? election,.red fHNYT VIGI 07 The finso NYT RGl - Esqr., announice him a.n a candidate for the of fice of Ordinary of this District, at. the ensuinig election. We are authorized to annountce Maj. WV. L. COLEMAN. ats a candidate fur Ordinary at the ensuing election. The friends of tHUG [1 A. NiXON, Esq.. respectfully announce hitn as a Candidate foir the office of~ Ordinary, at the next Election. FOR TAX COLLECTOR. The Friends of Maj. F. WV. BU R, an nounce him ns a candidate fir Tax Collec tor. at the ensuing election. The frientds of.Col. J. QUA TT LEUUM, a~nhounco him as a candidate for Tax Col lector, at the ensuing election. WVe aro authorized to announce WM L. PA RKS, as a Candidate foir Tax Collec - tor, at the next election. New Boot anid 51i0o MAiNUFACTORYi. 'JH ERE Gentlcenn! Boots and Shoes ,W are tmade in a most superior style of fit and wvorkmnrship. Gentlemen wanting cork soled, double soled. water proof, walking,-dress, patent Iteathrer. atd a fmne pnmp soled BOOTS, need -but leave their orders with the subscriber. WILLIAM McEVOY. miareh b 1 f 6 ALL those indebted to the Estate of Barnett F.lBrmd, aire required to make immediate payment, and th,ose havinigdenmands to pii esenit thern properly attested. JO HN IIILL, 0. E. D. Nov 20 t 44 Wm, Ketchum & Co. AKE pleaasre ii returniu; their grate fi ackino% l-dameints foir the very iiberal patronauge heret(,fore hestowed upal them. naid h1ope by lberality and fuir dualiing to merit a conatiuancea We now invite the atevii-n of or numer.. on031 fri,nds and cn.totmers tid the pub!ir gei erally, to our vew stowk of FINE. FAJ:SHUillNABLE AND CHEAP FAN('Y AND STAPLE DRtY GOODS. Selected by one of the Firm during the last month frot the Nu Yorc and Philaddjphia Markets. Oir w.3irtme..t will cimp.ri6e every article usually ralild ir in this Al nrl,et, anl we plede nrain-VS inot it) be idesuid by any ii llam burg or A ognaea. go-ds j i-w1 is-shownj with plesanre. No charg for looking. Give us a call. N. i. Sli-re in thr merican Hotel Build ing, l-iaiurg S. . Oct 4 12t GRELAT PSAIMAIN.. UN biAR & BURSNIDE has jusi rcceiv ed hv iaid Road and River, the bliwiAng list or GOl)S, 11) which they respectfully in,. vile allentionl. Plier-i visitin, unr marketi would dt% well to ;-ive us a call before purlIai sing elsewhere. 47 lih(6. St. Croix, Porto Rico uaid N. 0. Sugars. 25 11bi6. No I Clarified Siizars, 70 Supi-rior CilTiee Siugar-:. 5 anad 5 boxes Loal, Crushcd and Pow dered 4a11-rs. Wt,t Ildia and New Orleis Molas'les, 175 Bags 1ti), La;luar.- and Ja%a Colfee, 4U0 Sacks of Snit.. 75 barrds Mackerels, 511 bdxes fine Cheese, 3 iermes ttiee, 135 kegs'o Naiik aild Brads, ;30,00 Ihs. Sweedes iron-all sizes, and Iroi, German and Cast Steel, Wagon Boxes. 100 bo.xes Window Glas-all sizes, 500 ponndi Putty. in Bladders, 4,500 po~unds VditeLead, Vernon Mills, 2 barrels Liosee Oil, Ditchers Boots. Broganis and Ladies Shoes, 500 Heavy Dufl*el Blankets, 20 pair Fine Bed Bl'akels. Keseys. Osnaburgs, Shirtings and Sheetings, 2 cases P1jints-all patterns. Painted Bi-akets and Tiias, Bra-sbouad Buckets and Wire Seeves, 3000 pounds klenilalj, ind 300 pounds oak tan iied Sule Leather, Upper Lywhanutal. Tkinisi na ae1000 pounds Ti viie, 25 bags Slot, 50 keg beat Powder, Chewing- . oba-eco, - Sngar Cans. Measures. Peppdr, Spice. Gin ger, Cane Set Chairs. Wood amd Cane Seat Rocking Chairs, and many other articles too te dious to enumerate. We will he making ahnost daily avccpsions Ill on stock, and would be pleased It? attend to all order- from our friends, and feel assured of giv in" sati'llaclion. DUNBAR & BU3NSTDE. Hiamburg, S. C., (ct.5 if 40 NEW STORE! NEW GOODS. ACKSON & KINCHLEY I-avig asso. ciated themselves tpicther i:. the Dr.y (oud businme, would it respectiilly stoii cit the citizes, aid platers vi.-iting Hl'n rg to call and exanile their well se!ected stuck o'r Smple nd Faicy Dry Goods, which they offier low hir CASH, ain1gst whicih ae the following: Brow n HimesylnSl, from 6,4 to 374, Biteaeled do . G1 to 45. Eiglisi and American Piints, 5 to 20. Anrican and Scotin Ulicg-hams, 12.A to 31. I Bla k anl Colored Alpccas, plaim, plaid an:d striped, Ponat1)ssim- and Muslin DeLaiil. Blaek Silks. plaines trijpera aid Plaid, Co!ored Siiks from 84 00 Ito 225, Sp1un-Silk Pinid s.. .\iohlair Lustre, Salin stripie. Plaid and stripe Carolineis, (lnnw' style dress aoods,) C'ashmenrs fromi 18 t'i SI 00, 8 4 and 94. Dahlia Blainkets, 1(0 4. 11,4 uand 124 Bed Bil:akec: Hosiery the mogast comxpilee stock ever ofTered n this malrket, Red ar.d White FI:anneal all wool, froma 25 l.o Si 00, Dormlet dho , Merrinao tand Lamub's wool Dran\rs~a and Shirts, Sattineats, Kenttucky Je:mns, anid Merrinao Cassimeres, Engtlish. Aimerican and French Cloths anld Ciassimerra, Kerseys, front 15an 311. Furniaitire Dimai y, fromi 18 to 50, Umbitrell:as, Bininets. anmd Flowers, Rhibboa,u 1f ailt dec.riptiuuns. Plaid Liind-ys ad apron chccks, B3rownv anid lache'd Iio.lbmiid, d.a do D)rill. O~asnhngs aiwd lFactury stripes. Swiss. M 11ll. B3ook. PlInid and .aconet M luslin, 4-4. 54. 0.1 47-4 aind 8-4 wool Shawls, Lisles thiread and cottona Laces. Siaspeniders, t love. riand hilandkerchaiefs, Lidies andi Clahibei's shoies. 8.4, 9-4 an:d 10-4 Tl'able Daaatk, Tr iminlgs for dresses &c. &c. &e. Sept '20 Ua. 2ma Ware--Hiouse aHld Ilamb,urg, S. C. - RJ1Y PA~ RTLW haavmig lby muitiual ]Jcmns~ent withdraiwn fromll the fim of Geiger. Parllow& 4.IEnightl. the W.\ RlEHIt U SE aiid CO.i MiSsION hlies iilC beI a coinnedlil( at thie sae ustanid by W. WV GEiGER & .J. L. Kstan-ri, uander the lirma ohf GE1G ER & KNIG HT, Who resapecitrolly tender to former ciutome'rs anud Platers geinerally thecir services ill the Stor age alid sale of Cotton, and other produace.. Advyanceis wvill be made wvhen reqpuired (in produce iln Store unld their chiarge wvill beo reg lunted biy a due regard to itje st:ate of the timaes. Nov .1 1848 2m 41 NEW GOOD1 T0'llE itborilhr has lustreceived his FALL I mid WINTIr STO;K of GOODS eisisting in part of a splendid lot of 1'Crsttad Goods jor Ladies Dresses of all kinds. a ite let tf Ginghams, English & Americait Prits, Col'd & Black Alpacca's, Bumbazine, - -ALS0 A LAIGE AND SPENDID STOCK OF Negro Shoes, Clanket & lierseYs. Groceries, Hardware, Crockery. Hats & Caps. -To which hI- inviies his friends. and the pmble to call and ex.mine, bef'ore pnrrhaing el'cwhere, ashe f-.els colflident that hite can give sati.faclion to all n ho may favor him with a call. I B- C. BRYAN. -Oct. 10, IS48. tf 38 DRY GOODS! FiOM 1.5 T025 PElR CENT LESS TIAN LAST YEAR'S PRICES!! At T. Elre an's Chr:ap. Oppositc tMe ansimln louse and ncz door to Hand 4- Iillians Gro Cery Stare, Augasta, Ga. I- E, tidersigned ha4 reeiived his sopply of Fall & Winter Good, ainong which are Fi-rmed. Wa';tered anid plain black silks, Black Alpacas and liombazines, Colored AlIpe-nc, plaii ::rd satin striped, Freich Vnhs!eres and Eglish Merinos, 50 plieces Mu Islio DeLaihies, 12.. to 25 cents, 30 do Cthmeres, 23 lu 50 ce ns 100 do S:!otch ad French Ginghams,*12 to 31 Cents. 501) pieces Prints. from 4 to 12. centis per yatld, 10 bales brown Shij tings aid Sheeting, 4 to 10 ccn1s Friiges. Gimps and Buttons, I'lealched shirtitigs. etc., 5 to 12.1 cents, Ir:sh Linets aid Taile ,masks, Needle workes Colbars Chemisetts, Irish Linen and thread Ed-1ingS. Linen Cambric tlandkerclies,. i to 37. cents;. Hosiery. Gloves. Rtibbonis Laces, etc. Cloths, Casimeres, Tweeds and Erninetts, battinets, Kentucky Jeans and Kerseys, Negro and llichinaw Btaikets, Fine Bed and Crib do A few cases of Hats and Shoes. N. B.-Prints and Domestics, 20.per-ednt ess than lasi year's prices. New Goods received weekly by the Steasmer. Parcels delivered in lamnburg free of charge. T. DREINNA Oct 25 .2m-i reat Barga AS just receii -and extensiv WINTER GOOL elling from 20 to -eal's prices, he wv. l others who wish to in'- ti goods Iw to give 'inl a call. In his stuci pra many Rich rind Fashi.-noblc Goods, such as Hich Satin S:ripe aid Chni algeaile Silks.. Wide Black Gro D0Lhne nod .usire Silks, Rich.Satin Stripe and Figured Cashmeres, ashmere Decosso and Muslin DeLanes, (very cheap,) Lamertine Stripes and Plaid Worstcds, Satin Stripe and Plaid Alpaccas. Mohair Lustres and Changeable Plaids, Plain, Black and Silk Warp Alpaccas, A large assortment of, English and American Prins, handsome Patters and very cheap. Ficnch and Scotch GingIans, Ric], Cashmere and Plaid Woolen Shawls, Elegant Lace Caps,and Muslin Collars, Gabriels and Jenny Lind Collars, Drapery Muslin and Furn.tie Dimety, Welch Gauze and Milled Flannels, 10-4 & 12-4 Ribon Bound Whitmey Blankets. The above, together with a large assort ment of Cloths. Cassamcres. Vetings. Sati nets, Kentucky Janes, Blankets, Flannels, Kerseys, Negro Cloths, Bedtitk, Drapery, Liniog, Lawns, Mu,fns, Cambrics, Hand. kcrlt:ef, Brown aid Blrached Shirtings and Saecctig. (vcry cheap), with a v'ariety of other goods too numerous to mention int this: Adve: tisement. - Oct 25 4it 40 . - IV o i cc. A Lpros iolebted to the I:state of Ralph Sury. are regnested to make immiedimie paymtol. - I1. C. CULER EA TH, Adm'r. Oct 18 5m 39 Brought to the Jail O F this Dlistrici. n negro man who ays his .tamye i, IIAlItiRY.:cinl tht he bielontgs to Mr. S:rnnael Y'onolg. of1 Lanantus D)istrici. 8. C. 5:. iin fell>w is abouitt live feet. 5 or (I inchtes high, about 401 yoars of age~. of dark comlelx. ion, lie lhas a s(car over his irighit eye and onie near his left eye. huis foariniger on his right hiantd has beenc: br oken. his forehtead is very Tibt; hea says lie rantaway sumetimei in May ot Jntne last. TIhe owner is regntestedi to com'e forward, prove property, pay chatrges and take him away. or he wyili be dealt with according tio law. Dec 0. 1848 tf 4G $25 REARAD. I P UNA W~AY frmn thte S'.bscriber ~ .,oo the 2d inst, tmy NEGRO MJL 'lA N P'EER. Said hoy is ahott S thiirty--tise ye-ars of age, rather light a cojmleionu, stontly made anid has a hetivy head of htair ihe lso has a scr on otno of his feet, niear the first juinti of the greet to'e. caused by the cnt of ant axe ; lie speaiks rathmer shoirt when spoken to, and has a somewhat, doni n look. I will give~ thte ahive rewatrd to any one who will deliver him to moe at my residence,or twentty dollars ($20) if lodged int jail where I may get him. JOH-N L. BOYD. Warrenton, Atbb. Nov. 8th (it .43 ISa4dler'y. SADDL~ES, Bridles, and Saddle Bags, at New York Retail Prices, at J. COHN'S CepCash Store. INov 5 1f 4 PRE 'NT'S.MESSAGE. To fhe S d IRouse of Representatives of the!4dW States. slSUI-ro-. Dec. 5, 1848. Undedi itbeaignanm Providence of Al. mnigfy thi Representatives of the Stats fie people are again brought totCie iherate flor the public good. The grd Cthe nation to the sovereign Arbito man events, should be comm Rh ihc boundless blestings whichW Peac nnd contentment reign through. borders, and our h iloved country pre,ents a sulhme moral specta cle to -the .rld. * * * * I am ha .o inform you that our rela tions w'' ni'tions are frienlly and pa. cific. A V*tageous realies of commerce have beedi-toluded within the last four' years wvite- i413reniada, Pdru. the Two Sicilies, 41e,ium, Hanover, Oldenburg, and 31ec k1eburpgSchweriu. Viih A 'governments on this conti nent our4 8, it is believed, aru now on a mor' ly and satisfactory footing than tley 'been at any former period. Since-time 1age of ratificatioirs of the treaty of, pOWO with blexico, our inter course iifitlii overnment of that repub lie has bekof-.ihe most friendly'character. The Entoj traordinary and liinisler Plenipeodte y of the United States of MIexico ha azi received and accredied; and a dip *tc representative from Alex ico of ? i ift 06k has been received and accridii$j thi government. The ati. cable re-aWuAs iet ween the two countries which-had bin suspended have been hap pily restore, destiued, I trust, to be long 'are prt1erd Ihe two republies. both sitd:1o.this continent, and witi -Cotertmitle erjitries, have every inive ofyinpat- anid*Of interest to biud them togetier'l Mbitel amity. - this g' tQg condition (if our foreign ri ltons r -era it uun'ecessary For tme to ea -yourtention.-.more specifically to ar h ith -Aexico has demonstrated not I .Alility of the governhent to or aiz roui armny upon a siudden rovide it with. all the niui battleq,. it 1%U',... ihose.olicers nec.ssarily siationed at hone, who were gchnr d with the duty of fur. nishing the ar iy io proper time, and at proper,places. with all the munitions of war .and other supplies so necessary to make it efficient, the commendaiilt to which they aro-entitled. The credit due to this class of our 611icers is the greater, when it is considered that no - army in an cient or modern times was ever better appointed or provided than our artmy in Mexico. Operating in an enemies' coun try. relfloved two thnusand miles from the seat of the federal government, i:s litl'rent corps spread over a vast extent of territory. hutidreds and even thousands of iniles aport from each other, nothing alot of the unti iing vigilance and extraordinary energy of these officers could have enabled them to provide the army at all points, and1 in pro per season, with all that was required for ite most elTicietit service. It is but an act of justice to declare, that the olikers iu charge of the several exect tive bureaus, all under the imimediate eye tind supervision of the SPeretary oif War, performted their respective duties with rhil ity, energy, utnd efliciency!. They have reaped less of the glory of the watr. not having been persotnally exposed to) its perils in hatnic, than their comnpanions in arms; but withoot-their forcast, eticienit aid and co-operation, those in the field would nmot have been provided with the ample mteanis they possessed of achieving for ihetmselves and their eounatry the- unfading honors whichm they have won for bo'h. Whent all these facts are considered. it ay cease to be a matter of so much ar.axznment abroad how it happened that or noble army in Miexice, rLeulalrs andI voluneers, were Victorious on every battlo led, however fearful the odds against them.- * * * S WVithin less that four year the annexa tion of Texas to the Union has been cou smamated; tall contflicting title to the Ore con TerritIory south.of the forty-iinth de -ree of itortht latitude, being all that wvas isitedi on by any of toy predecessors, htd been adjusted; atnd New Mexico and Uipper California have been acquired to by treaty. Trho aren of these sever-al Tler ritories. according to a report careflilly prepare.d by the Comnmissionter of the Gern eral Land Ollice from the mast authentie infortnation in his possession, and which is herewtith tranmitted, contains onte tmill iton one hundred and ninety-three thou sand and sixty..one square miles, or seven hundred and, sixty-three million live hutn dred and fifty-nine thousand an'l forty acres; while the area of the remnaining twenry.nin'e States, and the territory not1 yet organized inito States east of the I}.-ocky hounitaineS contaitns two million fifty ttine thousand live hundred and thirteen quart miles, or thirteen hundred anid eighteer million otte hundtred-and twienty--six thoun sand and fifty-eight acres. Trhese estimates show that tbe territorie r.c-'utl mcaircd, nd.over whtich our ex clusive jiftisdietion and dominion have boco extended, constitute a couniry more than) half as large as all that which was field by the 111ited States before their neqiisition. f Oregon be excluded from . ile estim;iate, there Will still remain within tihe limits of Texas.New Mexico, antd Cali fornia, eight hunidrd and liliy one ih> u said live hundred and iinety.eighlt i-are miles, or five hundred and fority live roilit. twelve thousatd seven lrndr;ed and twen ty acres; iming an addition equal to more than nue third of all ifah terrvory ownmd by the United States helire their acquibi lions; aud, incloding Oregon, inarly as great an exient of territory, as the wihole or E:urope, Ilossia, only excepted. The &1iS3i.Sippl)i,s lately the frontier ofour country. is now Onliy in its ceire. With the additions of the late acquisi.. tions, the United States are nnw estimted, to be nearly a; large as the whole of l .rope. It is estiilated by the suwrintendeil of the coast silr-vey, in lie accoripanlying rr-pori, tlat the extent of the senena-t of of' ex-as on the Gtill* of Al xico is up, wards, of four hundred miles; of the coast Upper Califrornia, on the Pacific, of nine hundred and seventy miles; nid ofOre "On, incliing the Straits of' 1-iie of six Ihundred and fifiy miles, making the whole extet if searoast on the Pacific one thn sand six hundred and twenty miles. and rho whole extent on both the Pacific and tie Gulf' of Mexico two thousand and t wenty miles. Thle-cngtlr of the coast on I the Atlantic from the northern fiiits of the United States, arouid the Capes of Flori da to thle Sabine, on the eastern boundary of Texas. is estimated to ho three thousand due hundred miles. so that the addition of seacoast, including Oregon, is very nearly tvo-thairds as great as all we possessed he fore; and excluding Oregon, is an addition lflone ihousmnd three hundred aid seventy miles; heing tnearly, equal to one half of the extent of the coast which we possesseed before these acquisitions. We have now three great maritime fronts-on the Allan tic. the Gulf of Mexico. and the Pacific making in the whole an extent ofscenast exceeding five thousand inlics. This is the extent of tihe sea coast of the United States, not including hay. sounds, and smrall irregilarities of the main shore, and .. n extensive seacoast. could rot lung have remained in the hands of a foreign power without endangering the pece of our southwe!tern frontier.. Her prodrits in the vicinity of the tributaries of the Mississippi musi htave snught a mar-. ket throughr nor terriitory; and fite danier of irri:mion arid collision of interesrs be iween Texas as a foreign States and our elves would have been imminent, while the embarrassments in the crmmercial ia tercourse between them must have been constan' and unavoidable. Hlad Texas fallen into the hands, or unler the influ ence and control of a Ltrong mnarititne or military foreign'power. ns site might have done, these dangers would have been smil reater. They hrave been avoided by her voitutary and penceful annexption to the United States. Texas, from her position, was a natural and almno< indipesablu part of our territories. Forninnately. she hias been restored to our country, nd now constitutes one of the Sr.tcs 'of our con. fodtracv. -1upon an equal footing with the riginal Stres." Tie saltibrity of climale. Ire fernility ofsiril, peculiar' adapted to thre production of some 1of rtmot valtuabIle s apfle accor mmoduities, a ln' '01 commerciail advantages, mrusi soon make her one of our most populous States. New Mexico. though situatedl ira mIre irr teior, nnd wvithotut a snacoast, is kitowrr to contain much ternile Inimd, to abounrd in rich rintes of' thre p)reciious mcetals, anrd to ie capabhle of sustnirring a lirge porpulIa ton. F'rom its po-irronr, it is the iter mediate territory bretween orur sm'etrments and our possessionis in Te'xas, and those ona tIre Pacific con)st. IUppier Caihlforinin, irrespective of tIre vast mineral wearlth recently developedi terp, holds nit this day. in point of' valiue and importance in the rest in' thr Unrion, Ire samea relation that Lonisia id u. 'vheno that fi-se terriory wvas acqptired fromr F4nntre lorty five years ago. Extemnding nearly ten degrees of latitudt' alorng tIre P;ieille, anrd emrbracintg tIhe only safe and commo dred miles, with a tempecrate elimate, and an extensive interior of f'eirile lands, it is scarcely possiblfe to estimate its weaikhl utiri it shell Ire brroughrt iunder the govern ment of ourr laws, and its resources ftully dfeielopedl. From its position, it rmost coirmad tIhe rich commerce of Chinn, of Asia. of the islarnds of1 the Pacili,:, of Wes tmrn Mexico, of Central Amterica, the S. A merican Starea. nil of thre Russin?s pis' sessiiin brrrde'riug on thrat ocean. A greal ermporium will doubtless 1-peedily arise on the Galifria coatst, which mray Ire des tinedf to rival ini imrportance New Orlean: itself. Ther depiot of ther vast commerce which muisi exist on the Pacifie will prrobra lly he nt some pirnt on the bay oif Sar Francisco, andl will occupy tIme samne rela tion to tIhe whole wesrni ci ast of ta oeann, as New Orleans does toi thd valley of the Misstssipii and the gnilf of Mexico I' Tor tis depot our inercus .whala ship: -' will resort. with their cnrgoes, to trarde, refit, and obtain supplies. This of itself will largely contribute to build up a city, which would soon become the centre ol a trreut and rapidly ingeasing commerce. Situated on a safe harmor, bufliciently c8 pacious for all the navies as well as the - marine of the world, and convenient to ex-ellent iimber for ship building, owned by the United States, it must become our greit western naval depot. It was known tht mines of the precious metals cxisted to a considerable extent in California at the time of its arquisition. - Icent disco cries render it Probable that the.me mines are more extensive and valua ile than wias aticipated. The accounts of the abutdane.of gold in that territory are of such an extraordinary character as woalJ searcely commniand belief were they unt corr.itorated by authentic re'ports of ifticers in the public service, who have vi,ited tia mineral distric, and derived the facts which they detail from personal observatiou. Reluctant to credit the re pMort. in general circulation, as to the q.mwity of goldil the olicer conmmaudin* - - iur f,rvee in California viiited thie mineral district in July last. for the purpose of oh iniing necurate information on the sub ject. Ilis report to the War Department of tle restlt of his examination, and the fAets oltniined on the spoi, is herewith laid lc,ore Congress.-When he visited the country there -were about four thousand persons engaged in cnllecting- gold. There is every reason to believe that the number of persnns so employed has been augment ed. . The explorations already . is very large, and that gold is found. at various places in an extensive district of country. Itifrmation received from officers of - the navy and other sources, though not so full and minute, confirm the accounts of the commander of our military force in California. It appears, also, from these reports, that mines orquicksilver are found in the vicinity of the gold .region. One of then i- now being worked, and it is believed to be among.the most productive in the world. * * * * The acquisition of California and New Mexico, the settlement of the Oregon. boundary, and the annexatiin of Texas, extehding-tn the Rio Grande,'ari results which. combined, are of greater conse quence nud will add more to the strength - aud wealth of tte nation, than any which have preceded them since thiadyptiow. on' the constitution. - bronlif mIunt ien-foI ~r&gidarly oV r grnized gover-nments. The existing con dlitton of Californii, and of' thai part of New Moyico lying West of tie Rio Grande and wthout Iie ii s of Texas, impert- -z ously demiand tht Congress should, at its' :)rcsent session, - organize territorial gov ermneut,; over them. * * * ft view of the high and responsible da ties which we owe to ourselves and to mankind, I trust you may he able, at your present sessiou, to approach tile adjutst. rem of' the only domestic question which seriously threateus, or probably ever can threaten, to disturb the harmony and suc cessful ope.raion of our system. The immenselv valuable possessions of - New Mexico and' California are already inliabite,l by a considerable pO"pulation. Atracted by their great fertility, their miueral wealth, their commercial advan tages and the salubrity of the climate, emigrants from the older States, in great numbers, are already preparir.g to seek now homes in their inviting regions. Shall the di6similarity-of the domestic instittitions in the differet S'ates prevent its froinm providing for them suitable go. vernmenis ? These insiittimons existed at tile adoption of the constitution, but the obstancl'-s which they interp-ed wcre over crime by tIhar spit it of compromise wvhich is niow-invodied. In a conflictci o oinionsi orof interests, real or imaginai-y, between ditiereot sections of our contry, neither can justly demand ill which ii might de - sire to obt ain. Each, ini the true spirit of' our institutions, should co,nccde somethittgr to the other. Our g:dlanut forces itt the Mexican s'ar, lby whose pmarintismn aind unparileled deeds of arms we obtained these ponssession)s as ant indemnity fotr (til jutst demands against Alexico, wer:e composed of citir.ets wiho hPlonlg- to no one State of sectiomn of our Union. TIhey wvere men fromn slavehtoldI inig and non-slavholding States. from te INo,rtlia;nd thet Soth, fro:nm the East and I he W.est. Tihe.y were all cotmmpatnions in-armas antd fe'low citizens of the sameo coommon ('lo ry. ene.ngedl in the santo common enuse. When prosatcuting that war. they were bre:heia and fr.iends, anid . . shmared alike wvith ench other corn nt toils, dunners atnd sufferings. Now, wvhen theit works is etndedi, when pence is restored, :ind they returtn aguitn to their homes, put ofT'the habilimentt of war, t :ke their place '- - in stociety, nd resume their pttrsuits in civil life, suroly a spirit of harmony and con)icessin-, and of equal regard for the ights o.f a,ll aid of all secrions of the Uijoncught t o prevail in providing govern mets fhr the acquired territories-the fruit.s of 'heir common service. The whole people of the Unitedl St ates antd of .'very Sin-e r-o:tgributed to d!efrav, the ex penses of that! war; nimd it wouldl not be ust of any ote section to exeulde another from all participati'on ini the acquired ter. ritory. This wvonuld tnt be in consonance with tigjust system of govertnent whichi -he framers of thme constitution adopted. rThe question is believed to be rather abstract than pirocmir al, whether s'avery -- etvetn cnn or wouldl ex st in any portion of theg acqtuiredJ territofy, even if it were left - -~ -. .*