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EDEFIELD C. 1.
%VLDV1;S r61Y- J.,AUARYJ, l) CONGill.S There seemls to be lkil or an of impor t. nec doing iii Cowr-s. SOUTil CAIZOLINA COLLEGE. This inwtimn s;eems'- mA to bi a lery flonarishaing~ condion there me 2'7 stolS, viz: 5 resident graduat's; 7 Siiois i.ia miors; 73 Sophs and P; Fre-hiei. yVIU;MNI.\ AND FL.ORWAl. The Le. -islatIire. of u1si -sia :a nd Vltoifla have adopied Iesob:,iolst "jha slow I07at tlhose Slates enteltaill sCltilinln.z, :ruy siI erj in their coaract:r ;I relatism it, the Wihn" Proviso, asd the i1:1, I leece of C41:1- assi: the quIebtionI of savcIy inI the t. I Ito i s. - AMR. CALI.K)OUS. We regret to see in the AqiisiaChoicle & Sen1tnel, an altack apon M r. Can'. a together u called tr at thi time, v.b lan1 ny and m.animinity of seatim nt are ro mn; needed at the South. We do not iniewl to at tempt asn answer to thC article! re:re t1 at thiS time, we believe it 11on1lecessary. Tht., ositifll which Ir. Calloan ovetilies at prs:in 'muig tiae Southeri Members of Coligre.;s isili cient evidence to the cotilry that hae is ot wanti"ag in patriotism, and devolii to the South. ATEETING OF SOUTIlR.N 51..0PIS. We ste from tha, Clu!rIstim Couricr, that the - Ilecting of Sou:hearn 3einhea' m Cor was held ona the ight of the 22di inst., and that the Committee of hireen reported io the mt in" an address pre:ied by a1 3li;errivn, which vas intended as a sub6titnte lPr the addres:s prepared by Ir. Calhlonl, whieb had cansed some dissatisractii itt a lrmer meceting, but Air. Ierrien's addiess wai rejected ly the meeting, and A1r. Calhom's was adopte.1, with the CXCC)tion of one unimporlaat clause. It is lhoughat that marly all the Southern Demo. erats and some three or four Southern Whigs. will eventually sign the address. It is said that t'ie address will be published forthwith. MOBOCRACY. The pride of the trne learled American one who really feels a deep iterest in the lib, eOal institutins of his coitry-is stibject to fequenunortification at the disgu1stinlg scenes, Wrequently epa cted in, somle of our L.egislative_ assemblies. The Legislatares of Ohio and North rdiliiki-vhrernl en.. of such scenes; in vhllcl tile opposite political parties, in trying to get the a.seendancy, have brokent out inato dhisorde,r, consfuasions, aaad yio lence. Suach thaaags asighat h.e somacwhsat -cuial, if happeaaing under thao hidden excitemaeant of an extraordiniary occasion; but when, as in thaese cases, they are the resualts amerely of wronag hecaded, piarty fanaat icismi, withtout the pretext of any auusutal event, thaey tare altogethser withant pardonable excuse. Enlightened paublc opian ion shonld c:ansc to he visited upona saneh unabe cominag insdeceies wvhaieb are ct.hculatcd to bring reproach tapoan otr anation, thec most marked cenisut.. - A con.yention is abaoust in be called ina len tuicky with the view of liesfotiing the State Constittution. Onse imaportanat asatter, we are told, to be disea:sed by the Convenatioin is, thae devisiag of somec plan foar the gradusal emaneati pation of theC slasve. We had hopa~ed that thae ultra Ra:dicalismu to wvhich thec attempted Rlefoarm in thte New Yoark Constituation, hads led, wousld, foar a whileh, at least, havc checked the rabaid spirit of iaaaor.e tion rise ini onar lsands. Will (air peoplhe never learn to atapreciaste the hblessngs thecy enjoy Will they ithi a imnerile t:n.<e for aaovehiy, be ever in search of stome vaina imaiginry good! W ~ ill they coaantnae toa bear dlwna all their vena -phantom of perfectionr ? Sha:ll we have anoth-. try fixed anad rcunc a'mon;g aus? Soan wc shall scarcely be able to to.e lhe hanadie.or!u f otur wise anacestors ias the g re:at poli tic:al inasiiln tsons of then couantry-sso violenat is thae nte fair new--fanigled, anda whaimtsic:dl thaeories. If there be tr'tha 'at haistaory, thais forebhodes aio good. WVhen a natioaa ceases to a'Lnire the anyia ble. sings it enajo'ys anad acajarires a sickly taste for chaaage, its days :are amataheredl. CH.inESToN SUc.si~ Ri:xrry --We paid a visit a few days ne~o to thae Stgar Rlefineary ina A ason-sIreea, anal were highly gratified ina witnessinag its varions opera, tionsg. The politeness aind courtesy uof tihe Superinten.dant, .\m. liarris, gave tas every facility for a ftall exsaminsatiaon of ahe diliet rent pr'ocesses throutgha which thec Sutg;ar has to pass inl its arogress In) a praiper state of refinaemnt. 'The acahiinery is all ini the mlost perfect ordaer, asnd th laoaperia tions are condtaetedl with a systeura and - regularity that spetak well faar its mannaie ment. There are about thirty-five whlite operatives in constant emoploymnit in this establishmaet, aunJ thte Sttgars whlicha i turns otat, arc of the very best qualiay, eqtialling, if not suarpassiaag, those of any Refiniery in the Unaited Staaes. But th lamanufactutnrng is not con f.ned ho tile seyeral grades of Saugar. They have adaded ao thais the preparationt of most bseautiful and delicions of steam Cnnaday. Among which are Peppermint Sticks, Wimaergreen Sticks, Pepperminta Lozen-. ges. Cintnamon Drops, Clove Sticks, Va. ilila Crenmn, I loartionad Candaay. Leamon Drops. Peppermint Drops, Boauect Can dy and Sugar Loaf punt tup in boxc: con taianing aboot -25 lbs.'each. Mr, John L1. Hiedley. Not 143 East Bay CorresplonAnce of the natinorc Sun. Congressional Proccedings. W 4sl1oToY, Jan. 22. A bill is about to be introduced for the establis,nment of a now line of sicam ships firm New York -to I avre, touching at F'aliouih. The steamers all to be built for -var purposes, under the superinten dlince of i lnited Staites Naval Construe ior-wit ihe-eigines working entirely un der deCk, so -is to be easily chan:ed into frigates of the first class, without being razeed. This is a tardy movement'; hut it comes "beter late i than never." A line to I lavre was nided loug ago, in coiijutnction with -hat to ireicn, so as to connect us not mlly witti the north but ako with the cen trr and souti of -:urope, which can not be ellected by the 3rcimen line alone. ilavre is the pori of Paris, and Paris is not only ['rancec, but the ceotre of civilization and 6ommilllerce of the whole of Europe. Our postal communication with Europe is not complete, as long as letters deitined flir tie Continent are obliged to go by the w.av of Etngland, ;:iving to British mer cha.ts the earliest nen%s whether it go to or from :13e United States. Our lettcrs for France all go by ile way (ft En11,gh;and, and thie same rmrsc i- t alen by lettets origi nating in lrance for th,. United States; but this is not all. J2!-ian clodis, French silks and lvlvels, ad all fancy goodi, de pelding on fashion, aid requrino quick tranisporialioll, .11w1mv semit via England thiroligh Arilish steamers,,tie diffCrence of lime bcitig far more valuable than the differcnce in the rate of frei-lt on articles olso much value and so litile hulk. Our Failing packets to l1lavre depid entirely On tlie bl:lky articles we export ihither,-fir ai out ward, and on French and German emligranls to ihis country, for a ho-neward reiglt. The s311111i.lshment of a line of steamers, itercfre, would not' interferc wi:bl out present shipping interest to Hay. re, but promioto the trade with France by rendering thait Pm6i of it direct, which is now carried onl by the way of England, at a considetable loss of time and nouey.. From lhe Correspimunce 'f the Couricr. January 23. The Southern meeting was held last ight, and thie Comittee of fifreen report. ed the address prepared by 31r. Berrien to thi m,ectilg; but the meeting rejected the address, and wem back and adopted tile original address drawn by Calhoun, strik ing out one unimportamt passage. There was a good deal of debate, and some of the whigs retired firom the- mem:ing; but *n the whole, there was unaninmity upoln the maiin object of the meeting. The address has not bcen signed, but it is to be open for signatures, atnd will be signed. eventually, by nearly all the demo cratic inembers from life South, and some three or four whigs. like Gov. Gayle. The address, it is said, will be published forthwith, together.with all tie preceedings. The Pennsylvania Delegation deny the statemett that they have recommended Andrew Stewart- to General Taylor, q a Cabinet Minister. -They have endeavoi-ed to unite in.he: recommendation of omie eiiizen of their State, in case Gei. Tavlor slbouhT call upon them-foiheir opion and advice in the premises. M r. Calhoun has been somewhat indis posed since Fridag last, and has remnained at his lodgings siiice.that day, when, from faintness and( exhlaustion be was compelled to leave tile Senate Chamber. -lie wvas muchl hetter to day. andi will be able soon to resuime his seat. Mr. Catlhoun was never knuown to leave htis pos, in the Sen ate, for any reason other thlan indisposi ion, ile has been as flrompt, and regular, and constant in his attendance on his duties as Mr. .J. Q. Adams was. Mr. Webster, who is of the samie ag.e with Mlr. Calhoun, and has gone through tile same ficld of service, with hteavy professional latbors besides, htas ofteener faltered than Mr. Cal. houn in thle rtugge<l road of life. But Alr. Webster has always taken care, and takent ime to lic iiy and recruit, now atnd then. Y.ou will never catch hitm in the Senate Chatmber, fastened to htis seat, enduring the intfliction oIf ptrgmnatical argumtenlt and inane declama;tion as to every day busi ness. Alr. Wecbstcr has scarcely appeared il his seat twice this session. lie came in onice to give his opinion, andi ito sub mitted it in writing, and very bIrielly, on a pivate claim, w ishting, he said, that his views sh:ould the knowni to tile nutmerous climnils who had ofte~n a pplied to hitm for advice, in regalrd to :laimns fo.r promperty lestroyed byv public (.tlicers. So, itn this case, Mir. WVebts:r sp.oke with a view to save himself trotublo. I mneatn to say I hat Mtr. W. does not3 expose hlimself utnnecs s;rily, to ti hifatige and dcpressiuo conse qent on sitting, day inI atnd day out, in that over-heated anid ttnventilatcd atnd rowded llail, the Senate Chatmber. A gnttlecman from te Nor th, formerly and fotr Iee/re 2fcars; a mnembet of Congress, visited the Sentatc Cha;mmber to-dIay, and sat thiere somte thlree hours; and lhe men ione-l to his friends that , in his opinion, tile Senators hazamtded their heal th and lives bty sittinlg s0 many hou)trs in1 so con flued a pae The several sets of Resolution the sub et of SI:ivery, tihe Wimnot Proviso. &c., whIichm have be en untder consideration in the two I louses of the Legislateof North Carolinia for somne ttme p31st, finally passed tile Ihouse of Commns, as amnicded by Mlr. Dobb:in, otn Samturday last by a ptretty naim ttltiotus vote. Theli following additional Resoution, oflered lby Ar. Smtnley, ol B;eatuform, was also passed, by a vote of 55 to $.--viz: "Re-so/ved, That we btelieve the people of North Carolitna, of all parties, arc de votedly attached to the Untiotn of the Uni ted States-that they regard it as a main pillar in tihe edifice of reatl ind(ependene te stupport of tranquility at hlomre, of peace tabroad, if safety,' of prosperity, atnd of t hat very libprty theyv so hligihly prize;-that they cherish a cordial, habitual atnd immo vable aitachmcnt to it; and that they watch for its prcservfttion wvithl jealous anoicty; that itey believe it is thte duty of teir pubilic servants to dliscountenlance whatever may suggest even a suspicion that it can itt any evetnt be abtondoned. atnd to repel.indignanity every attempt to ai eai<d any portionl of otur cottttry from tile rest, or to enfeeble thec sacred ties wvhichi linkL toannlter ihn Varinos nnrts." Correspndence of tie N Air. CA WAS The important seri graduates of West Pc Mexico, led me to e: cunstarfces of the or ment, to see to whoir the means of preserv our country, a knc science. Although the instit in 1302. it was under met until a recent p( in his report of 1s2, Academy nay. be c been in its infancy un 1817 or beginning of there was but litile sy! The period spoken of iy Lae mucunb as constituting its itnfancy, u as that when Mr. Calhoun hssutmed the duties of Secre lary of War under AMr. Monro - It ought to he wyell known t.ihe coun try, that immediately upon asspning that ollice, Mr. Calhoun undertook-ibe-reform of the whole military arm, -and instead of the confusion which had previouily exist ed, (a confusion exten-ding tI:rughout all its parts) !ie introduced order aud-systetn into the whole establishment.'1 It is troly remarkable thtdny mind should have been campetent.to:lace thte esinblishment pt a footing so. perfect as to have iemained iubstiantiialty xinchanged for a period of 30 years; but. such is the fact; for, with all the nunerogschinges, regulations and provisions, i:itr4uced by Mr. Calhion into the War offiejle Mili iary Academy and the ser0.ice-kenerally, they stand in full operation as)fiey, were devised by his wonderful miud. The change in the condition-of the Mili tary Academy was so sudd g that in 1822, Gen. Alacomb saya: To Institu lion being now in successful opea,iion the most favorable results may ini future be anticipated from it," Mr. Calhoun's term of scrife-as See retary of Wnr commenced in 1817, and ended in 1825. During this trie the re duction of the army, and ' theiformation of the peace Cestabli-h.ment devdved upon him. In the performance or:-this great du:y, the leading princples of Mr,Calhoun as shown in his numerous reportis to Con, gres., were first to create an!i perpetuate military skill and experience iff7nr coun try, And secondly to establish' tie army ) such a footing in time of peace, .thit its augmentation in time of war migh ensue without the necessity of any change of plan. How well this duty was accomplished. the present condition of West.Poiat and of the army abundantly attes'. Indeed, it may almtost be said, thIat for our capacity ro meet skilfully and successfully an army in the field, we are indebted to the wise "orecast of Mr. Calhoun, when. Socretary of Var, and the zeal with which he at oacked the prejudices which existed against ny slanding '- .~, nP neaPe "War (sa ttain perfel xperience, iecessary. nilitaryge :n army )lined, lea instance u able, wi roops, to- meuet with su. hat were regitlarly trained. Genius with aut experienc*e may c-o:mmnh, butt it catn ni go much further. It cannot at once orgatnize disciple an army. an-d give it that military tone and habit whiichi(only. in the ridst of immtinent danger, can enable it to pci form the most complex evglutions with precisioni and promtit ude. These quahi tis, which essentially distinguish an arnmy rom an egnal number of unfrained indi vi.iuatls, can; only he acqttited. by thte in strction of exiperiencedl oflicerp. -If thtey, particularly the company andj regimental >licers, are inexperienced, the army must remaitn utndisciplined; in which case the genius and even expierience 6f the com mandler will be of little avail! The great and leading objects, then,-of imilitary es mblishment in pecace, ought iobe, to create and perpetuate military skili and cxperi ence, so that at all times the country may have at its command rc body of oflicers suf, iciently nmous and well 'instructed i.n ivery branch of duty, both-of the hine and stall; anid the organization of the army ought to he such as to enabfle the GJovern mient at the commencemnent-ef hostilities mo ibtain a regular force, adequate tto tho emrgncies of the country,1prof.erly or ;anised, andl prepared for :acegal service. It is tIhus only tttat we can he'in tile con itin to meet the first shocks of hostilites with unyitelding firmness; and to press on ano enemy while our resources are yet unexhausted.m The true conception formed by Mr. Clhoun of what the country 4equired in this master, and his retnarkably adminis rative t alent, enabled himato put the whole deprtment on the best fooring, [le found it in the worst disorder and cotnftsion, with 40,000,000 of unisetaled aceoits, which ie reduce'd to 63,000,000, consisting of acoutits not capable of settlement. He found the military establishment costing S51 per~ man, and lie loft thie cost less tan $26'7, tunder a system of- reater elli ciency. The gross saving in'Iis depart meat was $1,300,000 per'annu,m, en ani expenditure of $4,000.000. i-J prepared a code of laws and rules for the department atd each of its bureaus still dubstantially in force, organised the tri.ecaI depart metnt at our military posts,.seeas to.secure reports on diseases and-climate, (an ex ample since followed by England,)-anid alhough the ordinary routine-of work as Secretary required fourteenfor fifteen hours of lahor when lie entered'on the duties, such was the perfectiorr acquired in the system, that he had. littler to do, after a short time, beyond signingle name and decidig on cases niot embarrassed i his rules. The mnachinery wis9.o perfect as to work almost or itself; anlformed such a ctombinatioti, that General Barnard, who had beeni a favorite aid d6-camp of Napo leon, an-I was Chief of our Board (if Enii giners, "noict unfreiientlyyeompared .Mr. Calhoun'sadministrative abtlities to those of that extraordinary man-. Mr. Calhoun thus satisfied the counitry that' he p)ossessedl not odiy those great power's as a debater wliici e natitutes thet master powers of tie human mind, bu that he was eminent also for his industry and great adninistrative talent--powers wlicl, in their application to the wants 01 the country, have produced the most use. ful results; and enabled the adrniuistratiou to fight oui battles with Mexico, From the New York Times; A FRIEND.IN NEED. The colored raceof this country nevei wanted friends more than they do at the >resett time-not professing friends whr -niculate how much political cap'tal can ,e made by being clamorous in their be, nif, but true friends, who wish to see ie:n comfortable, safe and happy. When as Africa been happy ? Laboring un -der divine displeasure, a marked and dif ferently'created race from the white man, always at war with each other 'in their own country, sold as slaves by our North. ern ancestors, and purchased by the South to till the land the only comfort, protection security, and saf:y which they have ever enjoyed since they reft the land of Cush, is in what is called their slavory in the Southern States; and this comfort and safety they are abott to be robbed of by a host ofsympa thizig 'politicians, calling themselves free soil tien and the friends ol the colored race. Hero at the North, the poor blacks are 'no'. permitted to work alongside of the white man.. We reduce them to the low est grades of civilization by making them our servants, or waiters, and our depen dendants. Once they were permitted to follow the humble ehi ployment of carrying up brick and morter, but they were kicked frotn tho ladder by our white fellow-citi zens. They clean boots, scour clothes, but are not permitted to sweep street they do not own or command a ship; they are only cooks and stewards-they are not merchants, bankers, or brokers-,they hold no public appointitnents, ind are ruedly thrust from our cars and carriages-we do -not eat with them or pray with them and in our places of amusement there are pens and divisions in which they may sit by themselves. Is it any wonder that they are poor vicions, and inmates of our hoqpitals and prisons'? And yet we who persecute, neglect and repudiate thefree black man here, are filled with holy zeal to make the slave free at the South, and deprive him of a home, of food and clothing, and of a kind. considerate master; and we strngle for that freedom even at the expense of breaking down, dividing, and destroying our glorious re public ! Well may the blacks say, "Save us from our friends ! Save us from the pity and protection of the'political Aboli tionists! What isito become of the poor free blacks when thrown upon the world without pro tection, deprived of their happy home in the slave States, and of kind sympathising masters'? The Governor of Virginia. in his late message to the-legislatare,.pro pose to direct by law, that the free blacks l leave the State. True, they work ad idliesess is the parent of they corrupt the honest and dave, are useless th6inselves, J the the States The freedom ...9-Aho whites, is in them an burdeIf. ~W ihii,_ hjl-9-, i - - f4]00,000 poor, friendless, free - n from their own State to take Nor th, where are allowed,them - leges ? Suppose all ~the slave :e to say to their free blacks .. . .ds we have given you employ mnerd and( bread hnt S our abolition frienids in thte Northt are an xious for you io come for th from the iniquity that surrnounds you go to them, and see if they will do as mach for you as we have done !" Wthat is to become of more thatr half of a maillion of of freed blacks driven forth to seek the coldl charities of the North :They will starve ! We of the North will give them no stuccor, no emplyment, atnd yet we are even in favor of rending our glorious con stitut ion to pieces in or der to give them liberty ! WVhen will the age cof reason revived ? WVe cannot rebuke the slave States in ritdding thiemselves of their free blacks, which are a dead weight upon them; and yet we dread the day wvhen they shall be thrown ttpon the North for sup port and protectio)n. WVherever we turn we see nothing in the agitatiotn of the slave question but ruin and distress to the colored race. A cumstance occurred here lnst wveek, which htas led to thte loregoing reflections. Passion downt Nassani street, three or fotur p)ersons were standIng inside of a store talkintg to a black tman, and they invited us ir> come in "HIere is a black man," saidl otne of the gentleman," who wishes to sell himnselfas a slave for $150." We entered the store, and saw a short stout fellow, in rags, wvith, a good coun tenance, and no indicetin ol vice. "WVhere de' you helonig ?" "To Ne w York. I w as bortne here." "Don't you know that you cannlot sell yourself as a slave in this State 1" What am I to do ?! I can get no work; I have had no breakfast : I am almost na ked ; no one cares for me, and I have no friends. Is it not better to have a good master whom I can wourk for, and who wvill care for me ? Here was and illutstration of tIre practic al benevolence or domestic African slave ry, while, it exhitbited the rank hypocrisy of the ablitionists. They cotuld raise $2000 to purchase the liberty of two mtulat to girls, and yet allowed a poor black to ofTer tot sell himselves as a slave to save himself from starvinig in a free Northern State! LITV.nAar Msatir REwAaDErv--The Lnndotn correspondent of the Nalional In telligencer, speakitng of Macaulay's Histo. ry of,Eu.gland, says: " we are enable to state, upon the authority of tIhe A theneuwn, that the first e(lition of these volumes, con sistinig of 3000 copies, has already beeni disposed of, and that a second will be is st:ed on the 5th of Jntnuary. We are futrth, er told that Messrs. Longham & Co. have purchased the copy-righut for ten years, for which they are to pay the tnlen-ted au thor, during thue ten years. no- less a stum than ?600 per annum. We are quite in, elined to believe that, wvhile Mr- Macautay has thus been handsomely, we presume not to say adequately, repaid for his men tal labors, the spirited publishers will h'ave abundant reasons to be satisfied with their lierlde hi.nm. "- Char. Comr. From uie Temp-rawe Advocaie. SCHOOL FOR MUTES. We have been politely favored with the following communication addressed to Mr. A. Feaster, of Fairfield, by -Mr. Walker, the gentlemen who proposes establishing a school for the instruction and education of Mutes in Spartanburg Distric.-Appeal ing, as it does, to all the better aq; more benevolent fuelings of our nature, we deem it unnecessary to add any thing by way of comment. Air. Walker is represented to be a gentleman, in every respect qualified for the proper discharge of the interesting and arduous duties he is about to assume. Alay success crown his exertions. MOUNTAIN SHOALs. Dec. 29, 1818. Dear Sir.-From the great interest you have manifested, I have no doubt you will be pleased to learn that I have procured a location for my contemplated Mute School. I have rented a large building at "Cedar Spring." four miles souh of Spartanburg Court House ; an% as soon as repairs can be done on the house, which will proba. bly be accomplilied by the fifteenth or twentieth of January, I expect to com mence my instructions. This building is sulficiently large .to accommodate a con siderable class of Alutes with board and bedding, with rooms well adapted to their instructton. Probably there is not a heal thier location in the State-water sur passed by none. Provisions can be bought cheap. and boarding as a matter of course, will be accordingly. It is my intention at present, to receive as many of the Mutes into my family, as I can well accommodate. Those; however, who prefer, can have have boarding ont the premises at Mr. E. J. Wingo's. not more than three hundred yards from the recitation room. I greatly desire to com-: nence the operation. The novelty of Alute instruction in the South, together with the confidence I have of euccess in this enterprise, inspire me to actioni But when I contemplate the increased happi; ness of the unfortunate class, for whose benefit I am soon to engage, I-am at a loss for words to express my feelings. I am exceedingly glad to see that the philanthropic heart of our justly distin guished Legislature. has again been moved for the benefit of those unfortunate chil dren. I have not seen the form of the Act on the subject of the Mute appropriation; but. I presume it will be before the people shortly. It is to be hoped that the par. ents, gtardians, or care-takers of the bene. ficiaries of the State will speedily take the benefit of the provisions !o kindly offered by the same. When you learn my school is on the way, I shall be happy to have you visit me. Yours as ever, N. P. WALKER. A. FEASTEn, Esq. ANOT1nER ITORR1ELE DtsCLot,a-The New York Herald gives the following ac count of the New York mode of dealing with the dead, which is too horrible to be true, and we hope the llerald is a little mistaken; or a little too melo-dramalic on this occasion. But we give the extract . "Mr. Buskirk, a respectable citizen of SiatJ.and- latel ied.tuddenly- in.-the city, and his son having come here to oh! tain his boly, ias found it gone. and. dis. posed of. nobody knows .thero. I the course, however, of the painful research, it bar come to light that the bodies of those who die itn the streets, are sent from the almshouse and other places, to he nomi nally interred in Potters Fild. Outt of nine bodies sent by the almsehouse corn missioner to be thus buried, orr the 5th and Gilb tltimo, four otly ottt of the itne-reachi ed the ground! Mlr. H3uskirk, Jr; and Mr. Bell,.the oflicer, opened six coffins at Pot ters Field, in search of the body of Mr. Duskirk, and they fotttd only tmutilated remains and pieces of Ilesh-a trutnk with out a head, all sorts of mutilations, too horrid to recount. Where and wvhen the bodies disappear, when~ they are chopped up, no one can or will tell. They are left in tho bone-house at Bellvue, for a time, in the care of a pauper-then they are carried in a boat from Bellvue to Randall's Island, and here they are givein to the care of the sailors, also paupers; and the coffins are left for nights, exposed and unproiected on the wvhnrf, tossed negligetntly otn the shore, arid loss than half reach the bury ing ground. From tha Columnbia TelegrapIt. Tnr. TEA P'LArr.--WeC received on Fri day from our townsmatn, Mr. Russell. a small package of Green Tea Leaves, ac conmpained by the following note, which we publish, as containing some interestitng details of the result of his experiments, in this cnlture. CoLum.e, Jan 19, 1849. Editor Tele gra ph : Doar Sir,-[ send you a sample of Green Tea Leaves grown in my garden which have stood out in the gardlen in the open air for the last four years, without thte least protection from heat or cold. I have no doubt that the Tea Plant will grown as well here as in China. I have the Olive growiug out in the garden-it is a hardy plant, nd will bear fruit here. Will our planters try it on a small seale, or with they still plant cotton and buy every thing else arrd even by the same cotton that they send abroad, and pay for the carriages and( all the expensesofrmanu facturing in the bargaitn ? Yours respectfully, R. E. RUSSELr,. We regret to state that the Hon. Win. C. Preston has been serionsly indisposed for the last few days, but was considered htter by his physicians last evening. His attack has been of a most critical charac ter; bu t we sine erely trust that the danger is now over, atrd that he may be long spared to a community and State which prize him for his getn'us and moral worth, and to-the iustitution of which he has been the- fostering parent, is illntess has cast a gloom over our community. for wve all know that for qutak ties both of headl and heart, this genera tion can presetnt but few peers to the sttesman-, Wim. C. Preston--andl we who have seen him in the walks of daily life, have learned egntality to love the man. The threatened loss of our two greatest ten at the same moment presents a stratnge coincidence. We caRt at present ill spore ethr.-.TelejraZph. - Pacto rNOb3i4e." United State8 Commsr C na The following- extract of a letter- rrod Commander Geisinger, to the.Nvy. 6 partment that the difficulty beti-wrid- Mr. Davis, our commissioner, and the:Chjihese J, commissioner.. has been satisfactorily Mt iled: 1-1 had the pleasure .of learning from Mr. Davis, two hours after our arrival id the Preble, that ihe Chinese commissioner had addressed him in,a most satisfactorf communication resioring the previous un derstnnding between then, and appointing the 6ih inst. (October) for his reception., The Late Vintag.ifO Ftance.-Durthg the year 1848 there -were 5.000,000. ace of land in France planted waih"'i'11 which produced 919.580,575 gallons oe wine and.27,220 050 ghllons of brandyj estimated at the enormous sum of 478,4 083,302 francs, (Z19.120,060.) Th ave. rage value kf each acre of vinds may bd taken at 630 francs (1.21.) The annual donsumption by each individual in Franed is calculatd at seventeed gallads of wind and three gallons of brandy. Pauperism in Massachuselli.-it ap pears from the annual returns of thd Over: seers of the Poor, for.the pastyear, that thd number of persons relieved or supported by the 174 alms-houses in the State of Massnchusetts. was 18.693, at an expense of $372,743 70. More than one half of the whole numbet %*eta probably made so by intemperance in themselves dr others, The number of insane relieved di sup. ported, was 611, and the idiots324. A new steam Carriage.-The London, Morning Chronicle mentions a unique lo. comotive carriagd which has just placed on the A 1istol and haxe t ieelt Road. It is thought that it may supertede very generally the usual heavy locomotive, The carriage with ffty passengers, india ding the motive power, fuel And -water weighed only 14 tons, and cusudidd.8 lbs. of coal per hour; and yet ran at id late of 45 miles per hour. Kentucky Legislature.--Quite an inte resling debate took plade id the State Sdnate on the 9th inst. on a motiou to det apart a day to choose United States.Stid tor. Mr. Bruce paid a high tribut4 _i& Henry Clay, and demanded his return to the Senate. The Senate appoint6d...the first day of February as the day of.eldi..' tion. The ernancipation 4uesiion is alsor much agitated in both Houses. Yucatan.-We have received advi.s from the.interior of Yucatan,- vid Baclli, which represent the Indians as. agaid in the ascendant. Several tdwns have.hefi retaken by them. It is also stafed 'tif ir they edeceed in retaking -Ticash, now cldsely besieged, they *ill at once proeed to attack Merida.-Obserner, De. Nerhspper Postage in Brauzl.-miAcotd ing to a recent law, which has been in force in Brazil since November';nsispa pers printed in Brazif pay.no postage,r and are 'sent through the posto.bfice i;it out ady charge, aq also foreign neivspaper dire'ted to paulieliiiries ir that .eslprre A fire broke. out yestefdav raidigid the premie .nc .-p I I,- Vi r..; - on Ciien-. hiccoetii edU wooden houselind stale,t ' before any further damage was donv6i m Thbe loss is estimated at 0& r-g It is supposed to have-been the -work ofan incend iary.-Columbia Tel., Jan~.w . 25he Chinese --These pople injyol' by their intere'ourse with tlid outside lisr bariuavs. ,A correspondent' sy L -Thay children are very idttelligent and sh'arp., Almost all the young blaclignards'.about the place can swear in very good.lEngish.". A Blessed Land.--lt is a siingulat fact that when the cholera, on its first viuik some seven teen or~ eighteen fe'ars ago. ran over Europe, it vwent entirely aroudd Sait ony, without a person being affecfed, and; now*, on its seconid appesrace it is said to be doing the sarme. or E'rescott's Histor) of tife '"Catefuest of Mexico," the publishers have sola Very nearly 13,000 copies. The author recives. 91 50 for each edpy sold. His reCeipts thus far, on that work aloise, hate lisee therefore 827,000. Horns-Mr. Turdier, in a recent Jecture at Manchester, averted, with referenlce to. brass bands, that "no man was ever known~ to blo* the largest horn and Iiye.beyonid a period of three years." It is hiowever; otherwise with man and his own ttumpet. Jacob Williams, Esq. has beeu appoint ed by His E.'cellency G~ov. .Johnson, of Louisiana, a Commissioner to take De pnsitions, Acknowledgments and I1roofsor Deeds, &c., in the State of South Caroli isa (or the State of Louisiana. T'he A djutant General of Pennsylvania., in his annual report, reeommends the comn plete abolition or the present militia organi zation in that . State, and the construction of a ilew, simple1 and effectual volunuteer. sys tern. in .1835 an FEnglish potund seeriug was worth only about 19' shillings inr sirvet. or* 3& penny weights of gold; now it is20 shil lings in silver, or 5 penny weight 3 grains' in gold. So says Mr. CYo5Jen. The Sistersi of Mercy have ten'dered to the city of Pittshurg the use of their hospi tal in case the cholera iiisits that city.- They have also tentered their service is nursing; the potients. A I-ull paper describes a fuil grown crab, bearing on its back twe score and a half oysters, apparently sa firmly imbedded in its shell as if they consi-tuted a proper part of it. In the 43d year of liabof, (1601) a. bill was hv'otgh~t into Parhianrent to pre vewt mren from rid'ng in coaches, whichx was then considered gross effeminney. it is still doubt fl wihether Mr. Clay will consent to go baclt to thie' . S. Senate. s A Senator is to be chosen on Efonday.. The annual- swerepings of the streets of Paris sell for O'700,000~ after they are col lected in the depot, for thanurb. The VaTparaiso lieighbopseords 40 severe shocks of earthq'ualle at that place, - within 16 months., *Positiveness is one of -thie 1 soet rtrai marks of a wieakltudneet.4