Newspaper Page Text
From tie Cori espondctwe of the Courik.r.
WVASnIIt.wro.,, Feb. 2.1.
General Tnylor received visiters to-day.
le looks rrther fechle. If cehaw of habits
and mental anxiety, Connected w.:ii the
aSSUrfptioI of new atIl tintiiil duties. do
not seriotusly nfllect his healihh it will be
remarkable, and to the country providen
The Senate was enchanied, to day. "r
some time, by the brilliant pn,:)ges ho
tween Mr. Webster and Mr. Calhoun. I
hearl several -entlenien of the Sennflo
speak of this brief converatioi a the very
gICIof i he-session. A Southern meiner
of distinetiont remarked to o tliat e'had
nevcr bcen so much impreisedI hefore with
the.fact of the existence of a loig interval
between Wobster and Calhoun. on oe
hand, and the whole Congress on:he other.
A few others held a differen. ianguage.
There are persons who live to COVt.
There are those who hate even the mellow
beams of the declinimg stn. T:ere are
those to whom the diamond is mit brilliant,
because it is of the fIrst wa'cr. The Sea
tite .paid an involntary homage to iis
intellectual display by devoted, admiring,
and silent aitetition.
'There was no oratory-no alrection of
display-no personal excitiemen-nothing
but a b. ight, sudden,;detertmined, and mas
sive clasb of dialectics.
The question was one that had incidten
tally arisen as to the extension of the Con
stitution to the newly acquired territories.
Mr. Walker's project extends the Consti
tution over them, Mr. Dayton's and Air.
Webster's.do not. Mr. Webster's invests
the President with discretionary power
to provide suitable laws for the territories.
Mr. Dayton made a point in his argument
that was noticed, at the moment, by Mr.
Butler, against the extension of the Consti
tution, for the reason that ite Southern
Senators had claimed that the Constitu
tion would take slavery under its wing into
Wihatever place it was carried. A most
impudont and gratuitous, and, after all,
unmeaning remark, because Mr. Dayton
was himself of the opinion that slavery
was not tolerated by the Constitution. Mr.
Butler got his friend Dayton on the hip as
to that matter.
- To understand what followed, in discus
sion of hours, that would fill as much of a
volume as the whole of the New Testa
ment, I must remark that the debate on
projects for rhe temporary government of
California, &c.-, was opened by Mr. Wal,
ker, a new and rather young Scnator from
a new.-State. Mr. Walker, in his long
discourse, talk.ed about. Boston and Mlas
sachusetts, as a sort of head quarters for
treasdnable notions. He gravely accused
the folks of the Day State of existing com
binationa to dissolve the Union. Ile spoke
alsoof the Hartford Convention and men
tioned, on ihe authority of John Q. Adams.
thag , "- -t narty.had gone ofar as
Mr., Webster .u i to, aiterivardls, and
heard wyhat htid passed, Mr. Butler being
then on the floor. I speak as one who.
looks on, fro'n the gallery, andI the lookers
on are most of the game. I saw Mlr. Web
ster's brow knit and his face blacken. Mr.
Butler was rceplying to 3Mr. Dayton, and
* ~ with gteat spirit and acuteness, still _dle
* ~ precating, howrever, the agitating of- tbis
qjuestion, and expressitng his willing~ness to
make ainy compromise of it, at great sacrt
* ~ fice, provided dhat rte compromise be ob
served. 'But he had seen etnotugh to show
that tho North, ifthey could rhakermoney
.it. There was no use in ntaking compro
- mise. Thecomptomnise ofthe Constitu
tion, he was bold to say, had not bcen ob
nerved by the North. -
I am a little before my story. Mr. HIalo
b ad, before Mr. Brutier rose, thrown oltone
of his most extravagant arnd rhetorical
declamationis, and int his utsual style of
perfect boldness and frankness, which
eommatnds attention and a certain diegree
or respect. Mr. little demnanded an issue
-a fair trial-a htearinig ont all sides
* ~ throwinig aside all fulso anid evastvo issues.
No would submit to a decision, but not
.utitil lie had cxerted his last effort, &c.
The substance atnd spirit or Mr. liale's
barrangue were well summtted up) by the
Sonuth Carolinra Settator, in Isk pnroposi -
tion-hnt thne South must passively sub
mnir, or that tife North woul dissolve tIhe
Union. It was an indication of theo,stortt
that was cotming-the gull was flying
ahead of it. Ile would not say that the
gull conducted the stormi, bunt that it gene
rally precedled it. lie closed his reply to
Mr. Dayton by repeating that compromiises
were Oct of rte qutestiont, atnd that lie united
with the New-Hlampshire Senator in wish
ing art issue.
M'r. Wecbster had fountd bieforo himn a
worthy opponent. lie.would ntot go back
to notice a new Scnator of utntried mtettle.
Hie was evidetitly tiikitng of what Mr.
* ~ Walker had said, as it had bseeti reported
-to him, but lie directed his remniarks to Mr.
. Butler. lie rose ttndcr mtatnifest excite.
ment, and with all rthe dignity anti self
possessiotn of the orator. 'I have nto ntote
of his words, arid thle point of~ such things
dlependls on words-he said the Senator
from ~South Carolinta has alledged that the
Norib has broken, or failed to observe the
comprotmises of the Constitution. I have
no righit to appear as the champion of te
* North; liut if the htonorablo Senator will
.make his allegation specific, instead of
general, and if lie will nmention in what
parti'eular the Commionwealth of M'nassa
chusetts, which I, in part, have rho hotter
to represent, bas forborne .to observe, or
broken the compromises of the Constitu
tiop, lie will find in me a comrbatant. Let
other States answer for thiemselves.
This was something like the spirit of
Mr. Butler. If the honorable Senator
asks me a question .in good faith, 1 will
- . Mr. Webster. I have not yielded the
* floor, but will sit down and listen to the
Senator with pleasure. Several Seniators
-no qtuestioni is asked.
Mr. Ru'ler. I ain ready to answer a
q ues'tion .
Mr. Webster. who had sat down-I al
ways listen to the Senator with reapect
and nttcnion-I will hear him with the
5Nr. lTtler explained "that ho had no
remark to make, unless ho was called
upon hy the Senator.
Mr. Welsier- reiterated that he wns
ready to mieet any specilic allegation of
the Se:nalmr as to the faith of the Coin
ironwerbih o-f iMassachusetts.
lie went then ito the question pending.
as in the extensimon of the Constitution of
tho United States over the territories, ar
guine tdhat the Con-oitution did not, yro
Irio rigore, extend to territories, and that
it, prOvis:in m1uIst lie extended by act of
Congres!, &c., and that those' principles
ofe Constiimfion, suitable to the condi.
thin of Calilornia, were extended by his
project, &c. II is main object was to bhwnv
that the principles of the Constitution did
not. prol jo vigure. extend over terriories
of the United States. lie illustrated his
Air. Calhoilln had been, meanwhile, vigi
la t. Ile-had listened intently to the de
hate, sometimes expressing by hi-s eye,
ithcr by gestore. his approbation or dis
approbation of what was said. lie rose,
for almost the first time this session, to an
s,ver the arg;ument of Messrs. Dayton and
Hale, which, he said, was partially sup
ported by the Settator.fiomn Massachusetts.
He took hib issue upon the views of Mr..
Webster, discarding all others, and here
commenced the most brilliant display of
dialectics, deliberate, but not unimpassion..
ed, between Mr. Calhoun and Mr..Web
ster, which delighted, surprised, and in
structed the auditory.
It is impossible for the regular reporters
to do any justice to it; because they could
not write to short hand, what to the most
accomplished men was new, and which
was said in a sort of short' hand way.
They were speaking of knotty points,
which to them were as familiar as their
garter-but not so to all. I noticed that
the rcgular reporters threiv down their
pencils in despair. Neither could the two.
Senators themselves write out what they
said, but, of course, they can.each present
an argumeat! but with the loss of all that
gave fire, and point to the vivid dialogue.
I state this, in order to show that you
may he disappointed when you read the
regular reports in the Intelligencer and the
Mr. Douglas rose afterwards, but the
Senate was iti no humor to hear him,
after what had passed.
I think there is some probability. of the
adoption of Mr. Walker's amendments.
The. House has-got up their Bill estab
lishing the territorial government of Cali
fornia, with the Wilmot Pr1oviso, pass it
f-om Lexin on,
gentleman 1* thi
ates that Mr. C
will not allow
er*e to do it.
'rankfort was, ., s
session. If this -bes,yo
--on it, Mr. Clay has-advised
...iy r to it; and WVhig measures
are to tcommence'at once, and such Clay
Whig measures Crittenden has the sagaci
ty to see are to be attended with trouble,
from which he would keep aloof. There
is a rumor in town that Mr. Clay is to
have a mission to France. I cannot learn
how ir originated; nor can I put nmuch con
fidence in it. if lhe finds that he can rule
at Washington, he will not go. If other
wise, ho may honorably retire in that way.
"The course of Mr. Stephens of Georgia
has filled the Democratic party here with
indignation; and so far as I catn learn,
meets with but little favor among tho
Whigs. I htave'heard several of them de
nounce it. Emnanei.pntion is dead in Kent
tucky beyond the expectation of the great
est opp)onents. There can be to doubt at
all that the course of the abolition party in
Congress has led,to this result. There is
tne doubt, either, that it was once quite a
strong p)arty; but until it is seen whlat the
aboli:ionists determnino to do through the
Gencral Governmetnt, nothing will lie
done to favor emfancip)ationl in the slave
In connection with this letter, we stubjoitn
the following statemet fromu the Louis
ville Journal of the 17th.
"We learn from Franikfurt that Genteral
Taylor, uputn his recent arrival ini Fratnk
fort, gave, or rather renewed the ol'er to
Alr. Crittemiden of the Secretaryship of.
State. and thtat Mr. Crittenidetn withi many
tatks to the old General for the com,
plimetut, dethte'd the appointment. All
the Whlig members of thme Legislature had
united in thme writtenm expression of a desireu
that Mir. C. should take the Sccretaryshmip
if tetndered to him, lint lie, for reasons sat
isfactory to his own pure, patriotic, anid
enigened intd, decided otherwise, lie
will remain at l"rankfort in the quiet atd
faithful discharge of the duties of Gover
nor throughout tIme terrri for wvhich lie was
elected. We have reasons to ktnow that
there are innumerable. Whig patriots all
over- the country who will feel much dis
apoiitmentt andt extreme regret at Mr.
Crittenden's decisiotn against taking the
Secretaryship of State, yet we are cotnfi
dent that thme high otlice in question wvill
be most tnubly and worthily filled. With
out having any peculiar means of itnforma
ton, we are well and fully convinced that
the ollice will be tendeted to that pure
man, high hearted patriot, and great states
man, J. M1. Clayton, aud that it will be
accepted by him,"
Mir. Clayton is in his palnty stato at this
monent. Let hime enjoy it-whilst Ito may,
if atlast ever enjoys a moment's relief. Hie
has to organize thme cabinet; disappoint five
friends for evety one who is not disap
pon ted; and satisfy, if it be within mnortal
meanus to achieve it, the eager aspirations
of a~thoumsand cormnorants for of!ice.~ No
one can etnvy him the nomination which
he has obt ained. 5Mr. Crittenden had the
discretion to decline-Union.
Acceptance of Gov. Setsard-A com
nunication from Win. HI. Seward, accep
ting the appointment as a Settator ofthle
United States, from the State of New-York,
was laid'beforo bioth Ilouscsof the Legis
intreoan thme 0hh
ein r aper~ sine dAni-igtr - e
ED G EF1 E LD C. U1.
WEDINESDAY. MARCH 5, iO4<.
u17,CVc oall attention to 1he Cornmuuji&aiion.
in oiir papeir sigied 11 AtiiZigotr.'AWe. t
cannot fully endor3e the views of the wiriter;
but his article is icell icriten'and wil taillo
excite interest. -
Court of Conim WnoPMe
The Court of Common, Pleas and
Sesions conImenccd its sit,1im: at this 01 on
Monday last, to continue for two weekwa.A ge
Laurensville Herald C
The last number of this paper cani Is in
a uch improved form. Its Editor .Mr-GoD
.x, deserves great credit for his .a.tva orts
to render his paper useful and interesing.- I
The Herald neri:s extensive patrone./,
We have received the first numbrr A
per by the above name, published at Ib4ia
rough, Fairfield District, by Mr. E. H Barr
TON, formerly at the head of the , tiern
Chronicle, Columbia. It promisesj. be a
highly useful and interesting Jour.,-1
The Presideit has issued his prociaaisboa.of<
the postage t-eaty between Englaridand. the
United Stales. ''he respective ratifitions.of I
the two Governments were cchange'dal.Lon- I
don on the 26th day of January lat,i dn the- t
treaty now goes immediately into.6e .jt a
contains twenty-three articles.
Gen. Taylor's Ca
The following is the last of the inQ c
tures as to Ceon. Taylor's Cabinet: -
Secretary of. State-11r. Clayton.
Secretary of the Treasury-Mr. i1b.
Secretary of War-Ali. Crawfordil..
Secretary of the Navy-Ar. Prest J'TVa- C
Post blaster General-Air. Ewi:1g.-,''
Attorney General-Mr. Jonson M -
Wilnot ProvisQ '
This nefarious measure in the:.. lal
- District ua-Arc V .
By a reent pttiiiitoif'of-t oC .As
aemibly we niote the following apoinents
for Edgeflid District: a'
Coroner-Erasmus J. Youngblo .
- Commissioners of Public Buihi 'dg-F. H!.
Wardllaw, IC. T.' Mims, B. C. Br s, Ayory
Bland, John Hluiet, James Griffhi Simeon:
Slagislrates-David Shaw, GeoIge W. Nix
oin, D). C. Hart.
MIANAGERs OF Et.EcTIONs.
At Long's-Caleb Douknight, vit:e Felix E.
At Whlittle's-Wesha'y Harris and Mfark B.
Whittle, vice Ambrose Whittle anif Jesse 151.
At ltochell's-Blartin N. Mlims, vice Win.
A t iloward's-Wmn. IHolmes, WiidT. Wiest,
and Bartley Mlartin, vice E.-H. <trnberam;~
-J. A. Tralbert, anid I. Ihoward. M
. A t Ilamburg-Wim. Sa le, vice Geo. Parrott.
At aloor's-iWilliami Carter, Julin 0'Neall,
and Nathianiel IIenderson, vice-Wm. P. An
drcws, F. G. 51Jartini and WVillis Rtoss.
A large aid highly respectabile racetinig has
been held in Charlcston to respond to the
Southerni Address. Th'le length ,of the pro
ceedinigs prev'ents us from giviathems iln full
to our re'aders. The treamnble and resulntiibus
are strong, maly and to the point. Tihey.ore
wvorthiy of the initel ligenice and liatriotisma of
our little nietropolis. Though the sentiments
they express lEve already been felt anid uttered
pretty generally ini the back counIry;,they will
serve to animuate anew the already determined
splirit of the pecople. They will bsvc an active
inifluence throughiout the State. The move'
metit of Charleston at a serious, juncture of
our piolitical afliairs is always viewed with deep
interest antd solicitude by the whole tip couIV
try. Our Fellowv Citizens at ji e sea-board,
should, therefore, be prompt to act, and decisi-ce
ini their action.
They command the inlet, through wvhich
ntearly all the political news ef-the nlation, eni
ters our State.
AWard 0 ".onOr
WVe conicuir in the stuggsuio made in lie
Cosluimbia tpapers to award to Col. GL.ADDNz,
the medal bcquteathed by Gen. Jackson, ini
case the public may tirink, it should be bestow..
ed uipotn one of the P'almetto'Regimsat. We
were an eye witness to Col. Gladden's conduct
in any of theo most trying, scenes of the late
campafligy. arid from his skill as an officer and
his gallant bearing on the'fiefd of battle, we
think, of all the living of the Regiment, -his
claims to the intended honor, are decidedly the
Dat there are others to be -admitted to the
competition ftr do distinguished a prize. The
twelfth Infantry of Regulars contained matny
gallant officers from our State, an.Imuany Care
linians figured very .handsorgly during the
battles in Mlexico in various'iljanchea .of the
Rcgular service. Among the: latter, is one
,whose namo. every South Carolidan may take
pride in imentionitng-a gentlemin and a soldscr,
every way worthy of his nativf State-an or
mitment to the '.rmy-and ana ii4or to his couni
rv. We jilunde to Col. B. F. Iluna., better
:iown as Capt. HUGER, if the Ordinance De
artment. llis ellicient'and daring condet be
Dre 'Vera Cruz, .nd at the storming of Cha.
ultepec-as, likewise, his important scientific
abors throughout the campaign, deserve to be
vrittel on a prominent page in'Carolina Histo.
y. , The clainis of a man so pro cninent in
vorth and gallantry, cannot he nverloiked in
warding honors to the "most valiant!
rhe New Administration.
Efforts are already making by 'the wdrm -0ar
izans 'f Gen. TAyr.o't, to apologize for any
landers he mhy cominmit during his adminis.
ration. -In an Editorial of the New York
Jerald, February 22d, we fiid the rollowing
One thing is c(rtain at the beginning of
lie new adIministration, General Taylor, fromi
is hnbits, his life, his history, ahd the mode of
is clecton, cannot be held responsible frr any
aistakes he-may make in his adninistration.
le disclaims all s.uperior knowledge of states
ianship, and brings into the White flonse
imply honesty, integrity and common ?ense.
-ts inodesty takes away much responsibihity,
nd places the omns on the shoulders of tie
abinet. who will be respoosible' lor the ndvice
vlich they may give him in all the practical
oneerns and details of the government. For
11 errors and mistakes that may be inade-and
to err is human "-we shall, therefore, hold
lie cabinet of the new administration respon
ible, and so we believe will the people ol the
Jaited Slates. Idt ub therefoke watch and
We cahhot go iite so rar as the HeVald it
aying, that Gen. Taylor " cannot be held re
ponsible for any mistakes lie may make in his
dmninistration. This language sounds too
nucui of the mere partizan. It proclaims mi
bsolute faith in mere individual steadiness and
ntegrity, while it takes away all accountability
rom the now President-a doctrine as danger
us in politics as in morals. Strongly confiding
a the personal integriiy of Gen. Taylor, we
till regard him as the servant or trustee of the
'ublic, and claim the right to subject his ac.
ions, as well as the actions of all other public
gents, to the standard of correct condoct, hold
3g him reasonably responsible for his mis
akes as well of action as of opinion, to be
adged of according to the circumstances under
Aich they are made. But we will not jndge
iim by anticipattion. If his administration be
uch as to inspire our confidence, by teijding
s we may believe to the good of the country'
vd claim the right to give it a c'rdial support
therwise, we will feel it our duty to expose its
leects and to oppose its measures-a'ways,
loever, with a respectful regard for the many
Dfny virtUes of the man, who has already done
o much in another line of duty to confer re
town upon his cotntry.
S FOP. TUE ADYERTISER.
MR. EnToR,-yhilst it is the boast 6U
r political institutions that -freedom of
)ught freelj expressed, is positively guar
ntied'to every ciizen, yet as by itatten
onys t... . - ,. ., - 2- - .:.
nd unrasoable in the abstraet, or how
Iadapted' to 'the nature of men, and the
icumslances df society.
Iisneedless to say that these reflections,
ave been suggested by the change in the
onduct, spirit, - and the principles of the'
'emperance Reformers, and by the un
:hristian and oppressive procetdures on
heir part which result therefrom. Herio.
ore their motto has been "moral suasion."
Ii their speeches and resolutions, they
inve again and again, wiith much compla
:ncy published this as their only- means
>f promoting their great moral reform.
In fact they have resolved solemnly, that
his was the only legitimate means under
aur laws, and the onily one in accordance
witht the chtristian religion, and authorized
ay its righteous founder.
hut-now ho* changed ! They ask for
he aiil of the Legislature, whilst many of
hem are so impatient amidst their fanati
~ism, as to anticipate the support of the
aw. Maii is naturally inclined to dog
iatize rules for the government of his
ellow man. Of course, therefore, the otno
;ovesed, is as much chafed and etnragetd,
a the one governitig is elated, atnd p.re
jumptous. rThis is the foutndation of that
principle in ehenientary law, the right to
resist 'aforco by force." I trnst that I am
too vell acquainted with the history and
unture of men, to suppose that any argu
riutit wvhich I may adduce, will alter the
predetermined resolution, of any member
if the Towvn Council of Edgefield, wiho
nay be bent uponi catering to the wvishes
uf his relatives or connections, regardless
af an cqutal consideration of the ititerest
andt feelings, of that class of citizens who
tand opposed to his strintgent notionsoci
Tecmperace-b ut of whose said ittterest
and feelings, lie has been constituted equal
y the representative. The argument will
Io entertained bay thosb of dur fellow-citi
r.es, religious as well as irreligiops, whose
:onservative vie*s, sooner or later, will
rescue fi-om untjust domination, those rights
rid interests, which otlierwise, would be0
rashed itn ihe whirling eddy of a specula
ive philosophy, for which there is no au
thorityi in thme laws o God aitd no justi|~i
ation in the m.rperience of our country.
hi fact, wherever the experimenit has
bee made, to apply the law, in order to
suppress the use of wines and lignors, the
ase of Temperance has waned before
the opp)osition thereby excited. If there
ror, the disposition to dictate and rule,
was duly supplanted by a willingness.to
use the best means to affet a good end,
the experience of other- Districts, would
teach a lesson of moderation at least ; in
place of.thte reckless spirit, to experiment
it the sacrificeof others. The indirect appli
a tion of the law, to destroy the use of wines
and liquors by cutting off the supply is in di,
rect opposition to the settled principle of
political economy, that "rhe supply is teg
ulated by the demand." Assoming the
enverse of .this axiom, to bci true, the
Temperance party expect to regulate the
:lemand or use by controling the supply.
The spirit of this principle is as much
a violation of tmoral philosophy, as the
-out obicuring his meaning by his brevity.
Aller the Oration, the Association ad
jdurned.to the lall of the Soisih Carolin&
Societjy, %vhere a sunp;uous entertai"men
had been ordered by - the Stewards of the
Association. and which was served upon a
Lee's wSually elega.nt style;
On Wedne,day, the frollowing genilerma6
were elecied the Board of Counsellors of
the Snut/ Carolina Medical Asoa
Abberille-r. J. P. Barratt. r
Barnwell-A-Dr. Armory Coflin.
Charlesion-b>r.. James'* H oullrie.E
Ilorlbeck. Thns. Y. Simons, J. P. Jevey,
F. Y. Porcher, S.. W. .arker, R. Lobby, I r.
J. C. MrKe,6, O. Rayenel, T. Curtis, .
V. M. Itobertsnn, W. T. Wragg, D. J.
U. Cain. J. Rellinger, W. G. Ramsay.;
Chesterfield-Dr. A. Williams -
Chester-l)r. Zohn. Douglas.
Culleton-Dr. S. H. HParniltoi
EdegeJield-Drs. J. C. Ready, A. W.
Youngblood. e . I s
Fairfield-Dr. Thomas ..klobe'ison
Georeown-Dr. H1. L. Bvd.
Kershaw-Drs. W. J. McKain, k.
Lancaster-:Dr. R. E. Wylie.
Lexington-Dr. Thos. H. Simmon
Newberry-Dr. J. McCants. -
Orangeburg-Drs.. D. Geiger, T. A
El Iot, T. J. Good wyn.
ichland-Dr. S. Fair.
Num'lr--lr. A. . layes.
Union-Dr. W. . Sirns. '
Yor'k-Dr. $. E. Bration..
Afier the adjournmen't of h' Asoci,
kion on Thursday. th6 rollo*n' knile
men wer6 elected, by the 6Id ..
sellors, Officers of the Association io'r u'e -
Dr. JAMIES im.OtJrTRIE, tresidedVI
Dr. .R. E-, .WYL.IE, V. PrI
Dr.JOHN DOUGLAS. idents '
Dr. D. J; C. Cain, Recording Secr- -
Dr. J. A. MAYES, Corresponding
Dr. .W. T. WRAGG. Treasurer.
Dr. J. H1. BALRiT', - Oiatli 4 -
AoAn ihe Solternait d..
SOUIIERN BAPTIST' TRIENNIAL'
Next session to be held . with the Firstr,.
Baptist Church, Nashtille, Tsinessee..'
MaS 2, 1849. bA
AmpI6 arrangemenis havig bee perz,,
feeted for the aceomrhddation o6Ae ate
and dbeirs; *fib desiili ittendidi ti n'ext
meeting of the Trienial.Conen.id, iti
earnest requested talat on -theii di-val ,
thif city, they repair witidut ,delay-to.
Book Store of Messrs. Gravs & SilanE
land, (Arcade bdildidge, tnion.street, t,ow,
doors fromi the Bank - of.ennessee;) and
report -their names, whore a :drihltd.
*ill be in attendance.for%tbe purposei
escorting,1lier thieditable homes-provid
for theia di.nA-theih.stayR-a-the.clty
is anticiphted: that adgenunbe~o d rhid1~
iria nd. lay.brethre f ;"d'
Soc:z-rr.-The next Xia l'Meein'
the Stidihern Baptist Puilidtion.Soceeig
will be held at .Nastiville t Ten e
neetitin willi ilie .Nou.;hein Confantion;
which rheets at tlidt placb oil WVetnbadd
the 2dof May net~
By orilbr of the EBd
borre&poddtg Sbc'ry. S. ii. P.S. ,
tad1ariPrTO of Niinaist i * in Vid ..
otrA.-A bill has been introduced in thde
lidusOe drDelegated which is aibloel 'A bill
to protect the prolperty tif Mart'ied We .
mba." Thie biill protides that tiie real
and pei'sdttal property of ady' worhan whd -
may hereafter marry; and wvhihh Sheoshalla
own at the time of her marriage, ind ti1e
rents, issues and jirofits thbeoedf shall not
be suhject to lhoedisp.osald?hierhu.sband
not .Jbe liab for his debte, blit sktull cen
tinute her s6lesd eparatb pi-opsi-ty at f
she -wvere a Single wmni. It also pro-.
vides hliat It shall be lawfuNe r.ang rastri e
ed woman to receive by gilJeis-k.
bequest, from arty pierstilldoher thad.her"
hustand atid to hold to her tote and iepai("
ate itse, at if shie tiete a Sidgle wvomad,
real and profits thereol, which shall not ljV
subject to tho diisposaI edr lIable fdr t'.':
debts of her htusbaud, provided howeteF~
that the rents, &c., ofsuch estate for any
oec year shall bo'liablo for contracis md' "
by her' husdadd wilifi that year in the'
put chase of ai-ticles fur ite use of his famid'
ly. To secure the benefits of this act, the
woinan must cause an accitrate idventory
of her 6state td be recdrded in'the d1utdfy
or corpo.rdtion court ivliero shte resides
within 8 month after her martiige, or 8:
months after coming in possession of any
gift, &c. Clerk, df the bdo't to publish a
description of such insedtories.
The to-natt is trot auth'rized by the'
act to make sale of any of her estate, but
the County, Corporation of Superior
Courts, upbD.the joint petition of herself
and her hn'sband may order the sale of an, -
portion of her estate. and direct the pro.
coeds to be loaned out or .iny,ested for her1
sold add separate use.: The bill farthes
-provides that in case the husband survi.ves
the wife, she leavIng issue, he shall have
a life estate in all her p)roperty; and ita
case she dies without issue, ho- shall have
a fall title forever to all her personal prow
H o,. WV. C. PR Es'oN.-TheCoin ia
Telegraph of the 2d inst- sys:: We are
pleased to lear:) from a private letter, that
The health of this distinguished gentleman
continues to improve. [Ho is at presont
on a visit to. his- friend Col.M3cCord, at
St. Matthews-his friends insisting upoft
his not ;eturning t'o his ardouis duties until
his healt.h'is entirely reinstated.
Fanily Tr'easures.-The most worthl'ess
of all family treasures ar.e indolent females'.
Ifsa wife knows nothing of dostic dbfies
heyoned the parlor or tho boudoir, she is not
a helpate for a mnan, but att iumbrance
upon his exertions.
and srice others are to think for las. "we
choose to adopt the autliority of an able
writer, whose work. I thlnk, is now a
text-book in our Colleges." This anthor
remarks "we are prepared to understand
and to explain, several correct naxims,
which are in the mouths of many persons,
but not al ways with a just understanding
of their imporl." ''We must not do evil
that good may come," thnt is we must not
violate a general principle, for the sake of
any particular and immediate good conse
quence, which ilny result from such vio
Watinit. ' The converse of this maxim
couched in very dil'reut. terms, is often
cited thus e-the end sanctifies tie means,"
-A dangerous maxim, and the mote so,
because men of worth and of the best in
tentions. having good objocis to accom
plish, have someines acted upon it. They
seem to have made this mistake by look
ing so intensly at their good object, that
they did not scrutinize the means by which
they propose to attain il. In truth there
is always an inclination to view the mcans
in the favorable' light, which the end
reflects upoil tbem. We know how apt
persons are to con?ider the course good,
which they wish .to see advanced ; and on
the strength o'fthis maxim 'they are temp
ted to be ainscrupulous in using any means
which they deem likely to pro:h6te it. A
god object thould be consistently advan
ced by bad meanir. Moreover, we sodie
times hear this maxim, 6iDe must do ou
duty Without shrinking. and leatFe the con
sequences to God." But we have seen
that one tebt by whi'ch we ale to judge of
our duty the consel6aences which may
probably sult from dur conduc't. If *e
foresee that the consequences of a particu
lar line of conduct will probably be evil,
or that the evil will probably pieponderate
over the gootl ie ought to abstain from
such iyv of conduct.
This maxim is often used by the inexperi
enced, the rash, the passionate, the enthu
siastic and the fanatical to justify their con
duct. Thus speaks a moral philosopher.
It is now admitted in all christian counries,
that these sources by which conscience is
enlightened and guided are subordinate; "and
the supreme authority which supplies their
deficiencies is the sacred Scriptures."
In arguing against the Pledge of the Ssn
of Temperance, we are willing to stand or
fall by the sacred Scriptures. For we not
only contend, as above, that they violate set;
tIed rules of political and moral philo'dphy
but, as moral reformers, have no cuntenanc'e
from.Him who is perfect holinesi and 14nd
respecter of persons." in fact, th'ey seem
to be afficted with moral monomania. For
while they disclaim all pretensions to r'eli
gion-they negativqly allow all iihmoralities
save drunkeness, A man may be a worthy
Son of Temperance-live according io its
published Constitution, be the ardent advo
cate of this handmaid of religion, as it is
called, and yet In the language of St. Padl,
be '-filled with all unrighteousness, fornication
ivickedness, covetousness, maliciousneist fill
of envy, murder, debate, deceit, whisperers
backbiters, haters of God, despiteftil, proud
-boasters, inventors-of evil thing,:.disobedi
'ent-to parents, withoui adeistan'aiig, cove'%
--.kers-without natural affectf66.V
rality is monstrous ! A system' of' moyality'
which incerporates this notion, will fid itinell
very properly rebuked by-our Saviour in the
23rd chap. of Matt., ' we uqto you, scribea
and pharinces, hypocrites! for ye compass sea
and land to make one proselite, and when he
is made, ye make him two fold more the
child of bell than yourselves. Wo unto you
ye blind guides which say, whosoever shall
swear by the temple is nothing-but whoso
ever shall swear by the gold of the temple,
he is a debtor. For whether is greater, the
gold or the temple that sanctifleth the gold?
For ye pay tithe of mint,- anise and cumming
and have omilted the theightier mattet~s oj
the Mdw-judgment, n1ercy and faIth."
It is well khown that theeb men ivere the
greatest 'lecturers abdtit in-orality-and tho
most intelligent, wealthy and influ.ential class
of citizens in all that country. They had it
in their power to establish whatever public
setiment their reason, caprice, or peculiar
taste might suggest, and if necessai-g enaci
any law to sanction their popular notions.
But because they " omitted the wecightier
matters of the lato," our Saviour denounces
them as blind "guides, which strain at a gnat
and swallow a camel."
We may have occasion, Sir, to beg your
iudulgence a little further, while we submit
somne general remarks as respects the theory
and nalurb of this society- before we enter
upon the argument strictly whether their
PLaEDGE, as contained in the 2nd .Art. Con.
In concluding this article, permit me to say,
once for all, that I am no bneomy to Temper
ance. I met ely contend that rthe Temperance
Reformers arc neither a religious er moral
society-that thcir Pledge is not one of moral
obligation-that vicewed as a political bedy
they wvill, like the altohitionists, bent upon
eradicating what thcy conceive to be a poli
tical and moral cvii, become unscrupulous as
to the means, ArTrI-BGOoRnY..
The Chaarleston Courier of thec 24th inst:
SOUTH CAIlObLNA lEnICAL AS4
The Antniversary meeting of the South
Carolina Medical Association was held at
the Hall of the A pprentices' Library So
ciety, on Wednesday, the 2.1st of Feb.
rary. Tfho meeting wvas large antd res
pectable-many members present bcind
gentlemen of the Medical profession from
distant portions of tire State. Great un
animimy of opinion and sentimnent prevail
ed, and aull sented actuated by the one
motive-the desire of doing somothing to
elevate the character of the tpedi.cal pro
fossiun in the State of Sotuth Carolina.
At o'ne o'clock, the Annivecrsary Ura tion
was delivered by Dr. P. C. Gaillard, an
able and elogefm piaoductiott, and which
refects much honor uj1otn its author, al
ready so favorably krinovn to the medical
profession. The subject discussed was
Public Hygene-one peculiarly interse
ting at this time, as our contry hasjust
been visited by an epidemic, at the very
metion of wvhich nations tremp lle-thte
Cholera. The amotunt of information
comprised itn the brief compass of an Ora
tion is, most generally, small; but in the
present instance, we mnust accord to Dr.
Gaillurd the happy faculty of compression
a vast amounrt of it'iformation in a spjiall
sncc: of being' concisc and caIlicit. with