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-_ --D EIE lG H
-WED"SbA..APPt, 4 1
-Butler,odge No. 17, of tie 1. 0. 0.
-F. wll Celebrate its Anniversary on Wednes
day the 25th inst. ~There will be a Proces
sion, Oration and Dinner.
Aptil 4th, 1849 Sec,ry.
Dinner to JuQge Butler.
The Hon. A. P. BUTLER, has accepted an
Invitation to a Dilner, to be. given himiat
Edgefield C H..-on Thursday12th iiinst.,-at the
The Subscribers to the Dinner, are requested
to call at Mr. Spann's, for their Tickets.
U The Hon. Jons C; CAT.NOUN passed
through Hamburg, on WEdnesday last on his
way io his residence in Pbtdleton.
The Hon. A. P. BUTLER reached our Village
on Sunday evening last.
No language can express the warm odmira
tion of our people for the noble and patriotic
iourse of oar Senators at the recent Session tj
Congress. A grateful- sense of their distin.
guished serices is deeply impresAed upon the
minds of all true-hearted Carolinians.. All feel.
in their reputation and public career, an honest
and a-just pride. All are reatly to rise up to
The Chronicle & Sentinel on
The Editors of the above Joutnal, are cer
tainly exhausting their ingenuity for invective
against Mr.'Cnlhoun. In the editorial of their
Jast issue, we find the following remarkable
"Messrs. Polk, Van Brren. and Calhoun,
hav constantly played into the hands of the
most bitter and'ever active enemies of slavery."
Agaiti,non the subject#of the Southern move
-"Mr. Calhoun and all other disunionists
whetherNorth or South, know not the popular
- feeling, and are behind the intelligence of the
S. Bah! fudge! ffudge! f1ndgeN
That a Journal. professing to be.a leader in
party politices should be the organ of sch vile
calumny and,sfupidt, i disreputable to the
-intelligence of -our Oeople.- It is evidence of
-error-wknewhere, when the vi.rftoiri and wor
thyagenade-tie inbjeectsof~he most villainous
attack'wib, i eciting op'enitidignation in
-uc; i I,lnant stun CrImO, we Know, ittect
-- . dihe slightest, the pi:re atid 10.liy spirit at
*which ii is aimed. We wvould-informn the: Edi
- tors (if they have not alreap<ffcnvered the
* fact) that Mlr. Cal.hoirai~ toclevdted in chnr
acier-too pntiia'tic in ft:eling-too transcen
danrin genoiusi-andi occnpies too conspieuns
- an einenr-.e iio the eyes of the ciri'ized veorld,
to be' tonched by the'ir pigmy.sallies of wit and
uatire. Iut 'as humble seir cls fo,r the public
wea!--as good and faithful citizens-it is our
duty io defen:d ihe caus~e of virtne aiid justice,
(romn the reckless aitacks of blind party :eal
When the virtnous and good agre attacked, all
the'virnaa.no houtld consider it their own,.catnse.
It in at little enrprising thiat the' Editors of the
"Chroniicle & Sentinel," do not perceive the
- ridiltilons fignre they are making. in thet judg
meiui of all r-eisible min- b~ly their pung efliorts,
in denoiuncing, Sir Cailbunn,-a man so iincom..
piarably above their calilbrc--uine tweiniieth p:at
of who.se greatness, wonld c.onfer upon eacti
and every one of them, the immortalily off'zmnc!
-Whsat us tnner objeet? D)o they exi-ci to work
-thaemselves intoa islittl-> notori.-ty. by susi ng the
most unserpuns meaune to bareank downi (if
tn--y an;na) the repautaiin.u of a grat and good
mani?1 Pitiful amnbiui'n ! I ufamy is sitmped
upon-its very front. It is the low desire oft the
inifamuns iscaendiary, who applied the toreb to
the great Tempaile of Diiaui! Bit h"w vaini
must he their hioape ? Suppose the'y write th.a'n
.selves inito noatic-e. an:d siucceed in puin: dlown
thet gieat mamn, who is the cabject of their 'envy
and.hatredl-du they not know, that,
--Py muis are Pigmiiee though perehied nn AIlps.
And Pyramid4 tate P'yruimids iin vales 1"
It is insli4ile tsr themu by such a cose' to
nmakc themselves greatet-or jUr. Calhoun less:.
He is not wcithlin their reach.
We do nt aittempt *to answer the above
ebarges, becausethe marks of folly aiid imbecile
* r~alignity. are too stronily stamped upon them.
to-escape even the least o,bserving.
Election of W. States Senator
by tire Peole.
The following joint resolution haa passed the
*Senate of Wisconsin by a-vote of 12 to 3:
W7hereas, it is mottre in accordaine with
or republican institutions io-give to the
people the powver of electing all offheers cf
governmnent as far as, pra'cticable, there.
Resolved. That our Senators in Coo
gress l?e instructed and our Represetattive
- regested to propose in Cotngress nn a mend -
ment to the Coustitution of the United
States to tho effect that the People instead
of theILegislatures ,o'the several Suates
*shall hereafter elect their Senators in Con-,
grass, by general ticket,
Itis said in the Reaolution-" it is more in
accor:iance with our Republican instittutions to
* give to the-people the power of electing all offi.
cers of governmeent as far as practir,able." As
this enestion may some day be disc-ussed before
- the people, we feel it our duty to 'neat it at the
- threshnold. Such an alteration of. the constimn
tion would sap the very foundations of our
government, by destroyintg its great conserva
twve element-the Sente. That body now so
noted for its wisdom, its patriotism and inde
* pendetnce, would undier the proposed change,
become-an arena for the gladiatorial rietcises
.idegtau; who would assista domitmeering
.u;ericainajoity, in filling the country. _with
cinge,~ tyranny end r'tiin. This alteration,
,'Wofild give absolutie rule to the dominadt'ary
In the cantry.'making the minority thacom..
plete.ulaves of its will. For, "where the ma
jority-sules without restriction, the minority is
sure-to be the subject." What more gloomy
prospeci could be brought upon the country I
Of all species of tyranny, known in the anntls
of the world, that.f an angoverned mjority is
the worst. It has no respect to life,'libetty or
property. It is never appalled at scenes of coo,
fiscation, oppression, or bloodshed, Read the
histories of Greece, of Rome, of Revolutionary
France, and of England during the Common.
The tendency of the change.proposed, is to
convert the government into a pure Democracy
-the ruling principle of which, as attested by
the history of all the Democracies of ancient
and modern times, is the supreme power of
the numerical majority. It is strange that en'
lightened statesman, bred under this Republic,
so in':omparably superior to 'he ancient models,
should labor to bring our government back to
the unstable and tyrannical democracies of
Greece and Rome. -To give the election of
U. S. Senator to the people, may be in accor
dance to the spirit of pure Democracy; but it is
certainly not' in unison with the institutions of
a confiderated republic-in, which, to preserve
eqality among its integral parts, there is need
of a strong balance power, directed with wis.
dom and- independence, to hold in check the
blinded enthusian and tyrannical will of an as
vendant mujority. That power is found in
our &Snat-which rrom its ndmirable compo.
sition in the manner of electin: its members
and in. the nature of the powers given to it,
freeing it in a great measure, from the irregular
influences ofparty masses, giies to'our govern
nent its greutsuperiority over any of the kind
kind*that has ever existed. It is this chiefly'
which characterizes it as a Republic, coutradis
tingnished from a Democracy.
May the day never come, when that august
Uody is to be destmnyed by rash and peurile in
novations! The hour of its downfall, will mark
the certain desti-uction of sur government!
The Southern people are at length learning.a
lesson- of' practical wisdom, which, in future,
mpy-be of sonic value to them. They are com
ing to the conviction, that for a'iation to. be
come prosperous. wealthy and powerful, it
must develope its resources ; and th'it the best
way.t rid -themselv.es of ahigh protective Ta
rif, is to render that Tariff as far as possible
inoperative within our borders, by snpplying
our wants with domestic manufactures. How
mucb vexation and treasurehiad been saved, if
oir--eople, hlad twenty. years ago, directed their.
tineand capital to these highly useful ptrrsuits.
Natire- prompted 'to 'sich euiployfnent -of our
capiil by furnishing so ijany facilities for ihe
for tnnuny years, allowed false niotions of poliui'
cal economy.-to create prejudittes agairiit'. this
intdnytrial occupation, which have prevented
capital liom being directed that way. WVe
tru.or however, that this . mist of prejudice
'id error has beeon dispelled. aiid that the South
will now take her natural position of superiori
ty in the~ extent and variety of her mantiflic
tures. She certatinly canitot remain longer
blinded to her true interests. It is a settled prin
ciple in political econiomy, that no country can
ha highly wealhby and powertful without Mann
factuircs. Purely agricultnral ntations tire negyrly
alwaiys pnaor. They arc destitute of one of the
chief sources of wealth, the power of art upon
nature, Scienitific kntow ledge, or the skill emi
ployed in man:ufac.tirinig, has added millions
upon millions to-the wealth of the world. It
has been estimated that the "skill oh' hres
WVr-r' the steam enginue'r ; of Jostau: Wr.noo
wooD aind his partnter BF.NTLEY. the potters; of
RircHARD A HKwncGHT the Cotton spinnter;- and
of th,- Duke of Bridgewater, the canal proje!cter,
hive adde d. at th ekast, t wo hundred millions
sterling to thie weualthi of Orcat Britain.!" H-1ow1
miuch have they adidedl to the wvuhth- of the
world I Thel skill of' iliese men hits been chief
ly employed in tmanuftutriig purposes:u-and l
the above d2ta furinisht some nlotiotn of how
miuch the wvealhh of at nation miay lie increased
by mnanufactures. The peopile of the South
have been gremuly negligenit oif this element of
their wealth atnd power. With all the facilities
both ntatutral arid artific'il ftor matnufacturing
extenisively the raw products of their climate,i
they hatve permitted other portions of thieGlobe
to reapa the betnefits of their labor by impam ting
to their raw tmaterials doutble, treble, and often
quadruple their originawl value, with perhaps
not 24 per cent'-eost oft lubor. WVhat wisdom
is there ini furnishing the raw materiail for a
foreign miarket, atid afit 2 or 3-per cent, cost I
of labor there bestowed, to purchase it back at I
double or treble, its prime cost ? Even if the I
cost of mtanaufacturing at htime, would-be so con'
siderable as not to furnish the mnannfiuctured ar
ticle at a rico less than that of the foreign:
mattufacture-still, how greait wotild be the
advamtiags.of the htomte factory!! The differ-'
ence in price between the pirime co.st offthe
raw material, and the marketable price of the
niarufacturied article-being equal and some' lI
times double the price of the raw material
would be set afioat in our midst, as espuital fori
the still greater accumulntion of wealth. For
every hundred thousanud dollars sthtl, titern, of
raw matehmal to be inanntfacttnred, we should ~
enjoy the use of 100,000 or ]50,000 dollars,
which are now received by the foreign-Mann.
facturer. if"therefore each' State were to man
ufacture all the cotton it produces, it would be r
the means of putting. in domestic circuluttiim;! a li
very large amount of cturrency which of itsolf v
would be an importatit itetnof"wealttb in tie' e
Southern country. for it is a well known axiom /
that 'wealth, generates wealth.? Beside this
advantage, extensive mantufacturing establish- r
mnents would give profitable emaploymeut to a
large portin of our citizens,male andfemalc,
whose .present ocenpations are in a measure si
unproductiye ; so that the increase of capital (
causedby labor in manufacturiuig, would take
"cry lite if any from the prnd,rctirc or agrient.
ural. lalborof.thi cotintrji%XI likewiue
>egetan improvement ad-:rosperity in the
nechanical arts, and in cl6tor for- the
;upplies of life. In the nef ioriood-d flour.
shink- manufactoriesa1i tE_artsiand trades
prosper. Thee. is a ca rearly dVery class
)f artizans. -Andihlled o~rtllieeessa
ries of life;-creaies a: sti ri-12 idiity among
the neighboring farmers and gaieulturists
which cainot fdail to 1ed to. i -ra-vement and
to increase in wealth.
The objections to th ma ariig system
in England cannot apply t orce in this
country. It may there,1I Niardships, and
shorten life; but here it. need not. 2erp the
populatiQn is crow.ded to o6Powing , and it is
difficult for the laboring laN6 to gain.a liveli
hod, with the closest econom4, and the sever
est labor. From this casiie operatives are
taken ita..very early peri6d 4life and forced
to labor beyond the power4heair-tefider years
to bear. Hence they often, eme.deformed
-or diseased, and. longeviZ . greatly dimia'
In this country, the po#,fin is yet, and
mist continue for centurimtfo'sparse, and
the means-of liv'lihood io o:kifi, to demand
very youthful opeiaives; itat scverity,
of labor. This must, in a measure-, free
manufatuling at the 6uiArom the evils
which attend it in the o ,nd place it,
for heulih and 1gre c ..n .ngwith any of
the iidnstriJal pursuito o Antrj.
- Another consideration p nts itself. At
the Sontl6 infant manufureie 'need not to be
protected.by the mens-of &-or.--judicions"
Tariff. The'grea-t water co0niences with us,
cheapenin-4 very:much -the-wiking of facto
ries, and the co'nstant and .readysupply of the
raw material, without the 'ef*ensis of trails
portati' and ageocies,,wii -ali ays enable us
to conipete.. acces4full y..,- any quarter of
the Globe, how loiaee . asof labor
Every pretekt thefif .%h'e policy
of an odions.oc reat dread
ol' which, hi' ecicii I t y of the
South violentan Il s against
We ar'e glad c'.ee if, taken
at present in finsiyiij 5 tates (in
this important sniject .afi iiiconvinced
f the praciicabiltiy4tiilf sndsome prot
is of-the pursuit, rniei gnteir capital
into this investment. Fac re -rsing up
in every section of the 'S96t n.States. In
Alabama, Georgia, South, nOina.'nd North
Catolina,they are -u if, 4 dly. :',,And
many of ihdm are on an-ex .sale.- The
Dne atAtIiusta Geo. ihe ,At Gra'nitevill.
So. Ca.-and the.'one alkIAst6n-all of
which ar workWeAd atn-ier white
opcrati -waiuld beconsider highly respec
table at Z,owell;rialitclieste
We. think'it isnoto time-to Rfn to look to a
Sot", .Ikf our aii r Why
Va!)cole and pu-chase.the o ifticso
he-Stauth.. All-wve nteed is a little combination
-the wont-of whleha seems to be bh.asting all
nir hopes and prospects 07-1The factories are
aready numerous enongha to~:authorize thiis
iarket. At th.e last census.-$840) Virginia
ad 22 cotton and 41 woolen ra~cGrjes, wutth a to
al cnpital of $11.360.861- invested in general
nannfscturcs'; Noath Caroliia2690ttoni and
woolen, w itha a totat capita-.l 38900 in
rested in maniufactures; Soud Carolina 15
.ttnn and 3 w nolen, n ath .a general manufac
uring capital of $3,216, 070;Genrgia 19 cot
on and 1 wvoolen, withr a marifacti ig caipi
ai of $2,899.565;- Alabamaiffiotton factories,
ith a manufacturing cap 42,130,064;
lississippi 53 cotton.facto ith a manu
isctimbig capital of $l,797 7Louiiana 2
oton fictorias, with amatie4 ng capital of
It appears theni we had ' yJseen South
rn A tlantic and Gnlf States aB~, the time ofI
he last censna, 150O cotton fact-ores and 48 wool-.
i, besidles a variety of other lia ories, with an
ggrcgate capital of $31 ,694;'786. If we al.
iw an increase on this for the last ten years of
0 per cent.-the probable increase in South
arorlina-we nought now in the..samie States to
nyve, about 180 cotton and 60-wnhen factories,
nith a-general manufactiring capital of about
538,000,000. We have then stifficienit ma,nu
ictures at the South to excite attention and in
rest-and to-enable us to form-a RomecMarket
or? their exchange.
We trust the recent efforts' making among us
i this highly useful cause,'will not be allow6d
i ubsidhe until we are enabled.to manufacture
i our m w produce. This is.th'a on4 sure anid
asting lwpe of Southern wecalth and prospierity.t
FoR THlE A DVERTISER. . i
M.EotToaR--We are not iawar-e of
ut three distict grounds or considerations, -
pun w~hich the Temperance Reformners
ave attempted to maintain~Iiheir cause,
ici: Religion, Morale and Benevolence.
Ve have shown that they possess in theory 1
either a religious or moral 'character; not
he first, because they clain."ino renovi
io of the heart anid life, o -a-.being turned
rm sin and the power of Satan utito God,
y the influence or divine grate upon .the -
ol"(A cis 26e 18v.)--and nbt he second,
ecause their system allows hllimmna.rali-.
ies. saveotne. The conclusioaL therefore,.is
resiible, that the vast deal~ of encomti..
is, hy which this society, %as been so 4
loquetitly commended, as :ia~ handmtaid I
I religion and morals; is fc undied upon
remises, gratuitously and. iost unwar
aita'ly assumned. .
Those of-its friends, thierehi4'e, who'con- I
nue to urge its elitims upon Ihe commnu- I
iy, as an auxili.Mry- to- our n4ost- holy res
gion, are not utnlike the vagirbnnd- Jews,
ho took upon themselves, ihie- task of
easting out Devils. efter the m aimer of then
sposle Paul. Seeing the greal good that
aut was dding ton ards the hief of suffe- r
ina humanirty; aind that 'G>d wvrnught
icciral miricles by his hands, ''certain of i
te vagabond Jews exorcests' look ujion
em. to call over them wvhi b~ had evil ~
iits,-the name 'of the ord .Jesus
brist, saying, "we adjure 'u by Jesus h
snswered-and said Jess I kpow, and
Paul I know, but who are ye ? And, the
man in whom the evil spirit was, leaped
an them and overcame them, and prevailed
against them so -that they fled-out of that
house naked and wounded," (Acts 19c.)
Let others take' warning; take heed
hoi* they assume the olice of the holy
minibters of God, 'lest the Devil be let
loose upon them, and drive them out, with
the same severe and sigaal punishment;
let them remember that God has appointed
His ftay by which the moral ref-rmation
of the world is to be accomplished; and if
they invent any other means, they are no
better than the sons of Sciva, and will
ultimately meet a most nielancholly re
Placing now all considerations of a reli
gious and moral character out of the ques.
tion, let us see how this Society stands on
its only remaining ground ;of defence, viz
benerolence; for which term I will use phil
anthrophy, man being the object of this
good will. This is the most exalted
principle that exists in the mind of an irre
ligious man. It is like the,first, and great
commandment. which requires love to
God; and when connected with it they
comprehend the whble of religion. They
comprehend the.substance of what Moses
in the law, and whai the Prophets have
sooken. To produce. this has been the
design of Moseq, the Prophets, ih'e Saviour,
and the. Apostles. Philanithrophy is the
foundation of patriotism, and I have not
the least disposition to detract from so
exalted a principle of human nature. If
then the Temperance Society, apart from
moral and religious consderations, but ac.
tuated by philanthropic motives, shalf
choose to organize themselves inro a dis
tinctjarty, in order to efrectsome social or
political reform, who condesive to oppose
their elTorts, or gainsay their motives-? It
is this general'and indeflinite declaration
or their principles and object, which ha
given their movement so much plausibili
ty and success.
Let it now be borne in mind, that -no
sooner do they undertake, to vindicate
their cause upon the ground of national
policy, than they become a political party
A political party is the proper name for
this society at present. Have they not
dirsbed aside the christian's motto, moral
suasion ? Havethey not-sent to our Leg
islaiure, men to-introduce resolutions and
laws to 'favor their peculiar views and
policy ? - Have they not organized them
selves into cliqes, in small T.owns and
Villages. to coucert operations, to oppose
and trample down by the brute force of 'a
majority, the rights and interest of all who
are not.of their party I
. Is it any recomnendatiod with !hem,
tha:.a man-shall possess and maintain a
character for inflexible integrity,unblem
ished honor, unimpeachable honesty, and
dndonuied pairiofism ? No sir. 1,its not
lathentable"thatniiiisters of.the Gospel,
shufdibabecoine members of a politi
61. paty, whoae arbi4rary and wild fanati
cism knows 'o bounds! They not only
suject themselves in.this m,anner to public
acceptible-add to wht'>n .tley have beed
sent upon a mission, to call to repentance.
If the polioy orthe temnperance party is to
be supported;' like that of the Whigs .or
Democra:s,.upoo the ground of its niational
dvantages, then I would say to our pious
ministers who in the honcsty of their hearts,
have been dieluded to hecome p artizans, to
take heed lest the embittered strifes, and
party crimi'nations which tmust soon sur
round them, do not through their hands.
degrade our most holy religion. Their
individlual character will become swallowed
up in that of their p.arty, andI they will
be estimated according to the general
policy and principles of those with whom
they are associated. Already wve see indi
eations, of party feelings, party prejudices,
and party organization, to.such a degree,
that some of their ab,lcst and most judicious
friends, hiavd been induced to withdraw
rom the Society ,cntirely, while others of
he more moderate-memb,ers, have become
reatly disaflectedl. Their great fana:ical'
leader, thotught we give him credit for the
est motives, has alrendy declared that the
suject must he tested at the ballot, box,
nd discussed in our Legislature. To
ppose that this party, will lbe able to
govern the State according to ttheir policy,
without a political struggle, of great vio
ence and angry disputation, is to expect
hat all men, will give up the use of
iquors, wines, ridler, and vinegar, without
scriptural itujttction, or a reasotnable dic
ate, requiring it.
i is to expect all men to act on the
xalted and magnattimous principle of St.
Paul, who wvould refuse to use that wvhich
s lawftul, rather than its use should become
stumblint; block to others, If this prin-.
~iple be correct, it is a perfectiona--a moral
ublitmity, to n~ hich our most pious minis
ers in this day, do not approximate. Andl,
et, a society of men-though very like
n pride and self exaltation in comparing
hemselves, with their neighbours, to the
ionceited Pharisee, their illustrious proto
ype in this respect, who can not say "God
thanik thee that I am not as other men
re" extort inners, unjust adulterers or even
s my aeighb'our, (in principle,) pfnfess to
t upon this great principle of self denial,
or the good of others.
The principle wvhtich I conceive to be
orrct is laid down by the celebrated Dr.
lark, thus "though we are hound to take
eed that we put not a stumbling block
tthe way of a weak brother; yet if such
brother be stumbledl at atny part of ourt
onduct wchich is not blameable in itself;
moderate use of wines, &c.,) but of which
e may have taken a wrong view, tre ore
ot anitoerable for the consrquences. W e
re called to walk. by the testimony or
d; not according to the measure~ of
ny tman's consaciettce, how sincere soever
e may be," (Cum. Rem. 8c.)
At the hattIe of WVaterloo, two French
ficers were advancing to charge a mu'll
uperior force. The danger was- immi
ent, and one of them displaying evil!ent
igns of fear. The other observing it said
a .im-*Sir, I believe you are fright seted.'
Yes,' returted the other, "I am,' and if
'on were half as much frighiened, you
old run awvay." This anecdote ex
ibits in a happy light the difference be
JosiAH J. EVANs,Eiq., Solicitor of the
Northern Circuit, (now JUDGE EVANS.)
in his communication to the Columbia
Temperance Society, in 1830, uses the'
"Fully four fifths of all crimes .tried.in
the courts of sessions are those of personal
violence, and I have no doubt that three
fourths of these originate in the hot blood
of our southern climpte inflamed by the
use of spirits. In recalling to -nty recol.
lection the cases of homicide in the north.
ern circuit since 1809,1 can recollect but
four, in which neither slayer, nor the slain,
were under the influence of intoxication,
and in most of the cases, both of them.' I
have been several times'very much 'shock
ed at the close of the sessions business of a
court, to find that I had consumed two,
three, and perhaps four days in trying
cases where the parties and witnesses were
all drunk, and the only question to be de
cided was. who gave the first blow. Other
crimes than those of personal vielence are
of rare occurrence in my circuit. I have
more than once gone round a .whole circuit
and found no case of higher magnitude
than assault and battery. Of cases of lar
ceny, which in number rank next to assailt
and battery, more than half are perpetra.
ted by the drunken wretches (mostly for,
eigners,) who infest our towns and villages..
By far theigreater part of the other half
are controversies about cows and hogs on
which it is very difficult -to determine
whether the taking be felonious 'or with
color of right.
I have known only three cases, in which
the writ de lunatico :inquirendo has been
issued. Two of these were clear cases of
mania a potu. I have known several cases
of insanity, which had. no connection-Wirh
intemperance. ' Since the receipt of your
letter, I have thought much on the influ
.ence ef intemperatnce in the cases of insol
vency. This among the trading people is
the result of me'rcantile, operationa not
easily understooff. But aiou'g the plan
ters, the causes are .more obvious and
comprehensible. In this class ofour people,
I cannot now recollect more thatn twor or
three instances of insolvency amog ilo'se,
v ho ever lied any wealth, that are nol
ascribable toextravagance and neglect of
business caosequent Upon intemperance.
Io'the moral world, cause. and effect do
not follow each other so closely, that we
can with ady certainty ascribe every effect
to its legitimate cause ; hence it is diffiult
to say to' wiat extent the moral sense is
d4ebased by intenTperance and its conse
quent train of poverty ant degradation.
That it is corrupted bj this cae, add to
a very great extent, I have no doubt.
Upon the whole I ai satisfied that I do,
ot overrate. whep I say nVore thi1n teo
thirds of all the crime, Vice. and hireched
ness of the people of Carolina may be as,
cribed to the intinperate use f intoxica
ting liquors,, If this blot on our character
can be. removed, . honestly beliete that'
Wm'l state of. society -j thiir Siia
ci .nnv:'ji rt "
wL are more gZdty in this'.espeet "y
othiers. Within my own tino' thei-sI,as'
been great improvemenf inl thui#paYtieul ar.
The g.entle'men of the counfry were- once
addicted to it. This is'not the case now,
except in a very limited d&greo. Indeed
at perceptible improvement is visible every
where, and crimes both in number and
ourpituode are conusiderabl'y diminished.
How much of this is asctlifiabe to '1'em
perance Societies, (for ihese have e:tisted
atmong us for three or four years,)' how
mtecr"to the progress of learning among
us, how much to other moral catuses, and
how much to the self denials andi increased
industry and economy arising out of re
cent political causes, I am unah!e to say.
In a cause pregnant with cotnsequences so
m:>mentous to human happiness, all should
contribute their mite, and I sinmcerel'y wish
you success in the effort making, in Co..
From the Southcern BnptIst.
TO' TIlE MIEMBERS OF THE
OF THlE BKPTIsT DENOsttNATION IN SOUTtl
Beloved Brothern.-ht will be remem
bered by many of you, if not by all, that
our esteemd brethren of Tennesses have
expresse.d their desirc. that the expedieucy
oh' louningi a Ba ;h tist TJheological InIst itu
tion toflbiah order for- the South and the
.South West should be discussed, at the
time tlht the SouthernUKaptist Conven.
tion-shall assemble at Nashville in M'ay
oh the present year. As this subject did
not come up for consideration at the meet
ing of our Convention in Decembher last,
there has been no general expression of
the views of the Co,nventiomn or of the de
nomination in the State in relation to it.
The brethren, thetn, who shall be in attetn
dance at Nashville from this State, unless
they' shall be previously informed, will be
at a loss for lack of knowing the minds of'
thteir brethren on the subject in relation to
the course, whic~h would be agreeable to
them. As the subject is of importance, I
deem it proper to req'iest you to assem
Io in Conventiotn for the purpose of deli
heratinig otn it, and of expressing your
views its relation to it, for the information
of your Delegates.
, llavinig, therefore. consulted, and obtain
ed the appro.val of, my constitmtiional ad
visers-The Board of 'Agents-to- call to
gether. I do now request your attendance
at Aiket,19' miles east of Attgus'a, on the
Railroad bciweet that place and Ch:arles
ton, on Tuesday the 24th day of April, the
next month, at 1-2 o'clock, in the Baptist
I appoiti this place and time, 'that~ the
Dejlegates to the S. B. Convention may I
go right on from the meeting, by she ears I
froms Augtusta, on WVedensday evetni'g atnd
reach 'Nashville on Monday the last ofr
April, or Tuesday, the first ofMay, 1o be
in attend-atnce on Wednesday the '2d1 ofI
MI'av, for, the opening of thme S. B. C.oa
Anuitker subject will be, also, presented
to your coneidleration. This is the s'p
poitment of an agent forcur Institution,.as I
the illness of the~ wife of the setnior Profes-.
sor, w~ho was requested to cointinue on that
service, has onfinedl his labors to his JPro- c
fessorship, an~d will probably cotnane him" 'c
for some time to come.
- remnin near Brethern. aff'ectionatelIye
kingo:n of Jesus 6i61.
tf he S C. of the-B
10.h 'blaich 18491,
.THE SOUTHEUtRhtOVE EN
We are gratifed a-peeWd '0
general response-by tie- e a
South- to the AddresdfciP "
Members-of Cogre4 ;o- dti --64AM
unanimous expression-of sentimtin isp,%,
own State, laige;a:iiid ffld
without distfifet"o'n oi i. r
hedl in.Marylaind, Virgin eOrg: -
bama, Florida andTensesseaitho's
tions of the most decided cbarid'101,
with entir 'unanimitj. A0ronthie'
notice particularly a ib m -fait
Alabama, in-which Col;. r
Hon. 0. C. CIy participated &4id i
clared the Souibern Address, t.V
temperate in.iA tone,Just in-its s i
and. patridci in Is objectsy-.a d t-efor
cordially approve.i, ae d conlk'notconee
what plausible reason.any Soutiern. a
tor or Representaive iould. ha t.efoc,wui
holding his signature." Another neeting
in Perry County, exceedig inm r
and influence-any similarassebf
before collected in the coun6ty"6 U ti
cally condemed the cou's of eve di -
e~rn membir in Congress, in
his name to'the:Addireisd tio 'tihie.
Delegates to their constiuet tu -
in Kentuck.y large and 1
table meeting ias held Lat
'which it was' "Resolved.IThat 'ie
by Congress of the Wihmdtfroi o
kindred meastfAembodyh %A& 1in -
just principles, will be~iezd4-.
rage on the rights ofrihe Sotlivcel
be checked by 'deterdmined: reishiia
our part, even-if thai resist'anes ,avo
an appeal to.arms, ad a d iU 6i
Union," and the Governoris a
ed to clll an extra session of i se J P
ture, sbould- longress attempt o'
with slavery in'the Dsict
In Memphis, Ten1. at a h.mee
called for tne.putrpose".1 o i
gates to a Whig State Conven4c
the selecdin ofa Candidate
it was;reolVed -to support ,ai di
fa State or Natio-olifi>i s o
is not pledged agaidst odd
sions upon Souihern rigirt D
co'.opeidte in any mein iW
the peop-eof hd Souitheti S i'd
fit to adopt.
Tho leadi.Democrat 7 pae
sissippf, i eferene-tothe proceedi
the.a.urrounding States,' remarks n
reports and resolution.submitted to ani.
adapted by.theso. meetigs, we d
groun.dstaken, tn reference to the ig
tive dity of ihe South to resist at74!fh'-'
which. rae beentbreateine v_ -
stitutionarrigls. We o
the neon of ou iWt
aressi;ltuft hibher ihdyme: .l n .
may' haten-fr granted, Iliqnjo
adti-slavery questions wse'-aterewdi
will remain, noie ad intdirs$!'ii
read'y to go far as.the farthsuie!id:ij~
Southeto rights. S'outhern interessh mnl
Tis- TRzASnR-Y a. MEaEDITH"-d '
A report was started -in Washinigtonn
foriiiighit since. that.:.3lr. - Mer'editli, the
new Secretary of the Treasiury, was alireK
Trader.- This is put to rest by the followd
ing letter, addressed by him sornew~ekas -
since to a meeting at Pottaville, Peiost'
lt r DrEaa Sra: P. had the-.pleasnr p~
receivinig,a few days since, ye.er lettetreot:
behalf of the committee,.-inViting me to'he~ -~
present at the Whig jubilee in PottuvrilW
on Saturday next, and regreti eztreasel
that my engagemen's here wilizprevent:me$
from availing nmyself of the iloviiatio.hm
Trhere could be no occasioni oi which I
should'more joy fully participate-in the fesW.
rivities. The importance :.of the resultio.'
the late electdon cannot be ove'ratid. Th&'e
pssage of the act of '46 involved inssle %
well as injury to Peniisylvania, 'and the &
people must have been blind t.o:-their gYi~
honor. arid interest if thef had'net rdaen~~
it. The triumsphat mannier in.whc e
people sif the Commonwvealth, and - ~
especial and remarkable degree the-ei
if Schuylkill .enuniv, have vidci
rights at the recent ele'etions, ot fh.~
shows a determination that the pir:idi
if the rariff of '42 shall be restoreit uZ
h.at their indlustry shall not in ftur.~.
racrificed- to suit the ~vie ws of yolitialp~,
tisans, but exhibits.in' a strong lgi.le**
act, that the people cannot'be longe~
eeived, and that they can and will enfor3
the due responsibility of their pubie ser
rantis. With men able to dlo -this w.je
te sure that the. Republic will contine rom
e just, glorious, triumphant. I offer4o~ -
he acceptance of our brethrren theoJllm"e
rig sentiment :. . : ?
Pennsylvania.--P.roof alike ageinstte
visdom of her enemies and the tdpleties.ef
professing friends, she will Lalwa:.sisand'
~or the rights of industey, and the priacet
pies of freedom. --
I am; sir, very respectfully, : -
*W. M'. Maa ist u
B. BartholonTew, Esq.
C.u.rroNAm.-The. Washinrgtbaeoi~ ?
tondent of .the Tribuno writius to~ sh
>aper as follows: - .
*'Cerrainly one of' the nmpsL 50
'umorsr of the day, if ii be-true.is thatMi
lent'on has sent to Califora,.3y thealt.- A
teamaship, another of-hia:rdmsabJ'O
era, addressed to the;-inhabitht448~,
erritor). -The lirst rescript.to-the ~
ornians *ai taken -otlast'-Fallb~~. Z
nel Fremnont, and.advised em n
provisional government,. *itheap .any .
rae prohbly pul
bout the first of Feliruary last.Mr~Fon
khat I learn,l I have. libd tothisl~t tt
Ir. Benion .now adviseshic)isef 1
jalifornii' io insett-a provibsiii
drarf system, for-the eiernhIe&liu1 -
laveryfromn theirsol,dd t~~~
at:estor rather commandsIW1
haracteristi~ieigyl an oe..
ot-doubt .tha his rccmid ~