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from the ChIrs. AIercury.
THE MEETING OF DELE-GATES. We give below, a paper submitted by the Hon. F. W. PmKmns, to the tecent meeting of Delegates at Columbia. This proposition, togethei with sundry resolu tions, presented by other delegates, was referred to a committee of twenty-one, but after-consideration, it was deemed unne qessary at present to go so deeply into the nuestion. or to enter upon so lengthly an exposition. The tone and spirit of the address were highly commended, and we believe met with the hearty and cordia-l sympathy of the entire meeting, and at the request of several of the members we have procured it from the author, who has kind ly consented to its publication. The country has just past through a war that hab covered our arms with glory; and the acquisition of vast foreign territory is severely testing the capacity of the Fede ral Compact for expansion. If the same p-itriotic spirit of justice anti compromise, that animrated those who formed that com pact, could again pervade those whose duty it is to preserve it, then there would be no difficulty in the questions that arise. The simple principles that are involvetl in a confederation of equal and indepen dent States, are capahle of being enlargad and expanded, so as to embrace almost a boundless extent of territory, and a great variety of interests, provided thait the com mon Government of the whole carefully abstain fro;n all interference with the.local interests of the States, or the pursuits of the people as * divi&als. So soon as it deviates from t1s course, it creates a strug gle for sectienal power and ascendency, which disturbs the harmony that ought to exist between equals and endangers the preservation of the compact itself. Every people have their criterion by which to judge ofliberty ; and after a peo ple have become educated, under the standard they have formed, they are bound to preserve it; and if they submit to its vio lation they finally become self-abused and sink into degradation. II former ages. the grea t struggle was to acquire and -defend personal rights, but we have long' since passed that stage, in the progress of civil liberty. The great struggle now is to preserve and defend the separate interests and rights of independent communities. Bound togethor as we are under our Constitution, liberty is as much violated by interfering with the separate interests of our independent communities, as it was formerly -by the acts of despotism trampling over the personal rights of free mean. Liberty is itself progressive, and enlarges and expands with progressive civi lization. Qpr system is more complicated and refined, to suit a higher grade of gene ral intelligence, than has heretofore beien diffused among any people. The war that has been waged upon our local and domestic institutions, waged as ti has been by our co-partners in the con federacy, is a war upon civil liberty as it exists under our great charter of rights. In regard to the abstract question that may bednvolved in domestic servitude, South na has no defince to..make ,.he ledges u4-tribun-aisefwiilchi an b made upon su'ch an issue, ehave'ier own sovereign will. It is enough or~'K~b us to know that this institution has been s inherited by us from a brave and virtuous acsrand that in the progress of events, it has become identified with the political -power and existence of the State itself. South Carolina acceded as a State to the Federal Compact with this institution as it, iow exists. We aicceded as States wvho yere to be equals and co-partners. And f any rights or interests be acquired over -.w and foreign territories, they accrue to he Federal Government, by virtue of the ~onjoined sovereignty of the -States, which - hat Government wvas created to represent. And if its power be exercised Bo as to ex -lude any portion of the co-partners from -he rights and interests they acquired, it is violation 'of the original terms of the ompact- and if persisted in, is a virtual hange of the Government, and we are not ound to abide it. The Constitution, un or which tbe Federal Government acts, as created by States alone, and can be nended or abrogated oinly by the States :States. Knowing these things, we >uld be untrue to the great principles of 'i liberty~as they exist amongst us, if were to submit to any change or infrac of the original terms of compact. save * ugh the mode and manner prescribed by the instrument itself. In this point ogiew the subject becomes one of much greater magnitude than any thing involved in the abstract question that grows out of Jomestic servitude. It is a question that involves .the political inde. pendence and the highest constitutional attributes of the State as a State. We would be faithless guardians of the trust reposed in us by a confiding people, if we were to stand by antd quietly see them de prived of any rights as equals of the people otf any other State in this Confederacy. It is a fatal error to suppose that this Union can be preserved by the power of niumbers, and the force of arms. It isjustice, truth, and a fair exercise of the powers granted undJer the Fcderal Compact, that can alone sa've this Union. Give us these, and there is no battle field where the flag of the Ucion shall wave but where some son of South Carolina shall fall in its defence, as thiey -have heretof ore done, both at home and in a- foreign land. We love the Union which our forefathers made; we love the Union that springs from the genius and ihe spirit of the Constitu tion, bit nio othier, It would be doing great injustice to our brethren of the Northern States to suppose that we have no frienids amongst thems A powerful andi talentedl portion of th'em are sincerely devoted to guarditig and protect ing all the rih secured to us under the Federal Comipact. They are for the Con stitution as it is, and for the Union under it. Wehope and trust those who are true tthe country, and all its great interests and institutions, wvill do their duty faith fully, and preserve the good and the wise in every section from the fatal consequen ces that may be forced upon us by mad ambition and fanaticism.- Btut, neverthe less, it is duelto ontaselves to know, that if we have not the spirit and the power (if need be)to defend and protect our o'vn rights there are none who will do it for us. . We have sister Southern States, iddn tified with as in interest and in feeling. Our institutions are the same, and our destiny 'must be the same. Consultation. with them, cordial harmony and concert, will give us strenghth and power in the future conflicts that may arise If we move in concert there is no difficulty in preserving ouor peculiar rights and the Union too. If we bury all past jea!ousies and rivalships, and conic together in united and patriotic feeling, the danger will be past, and tife Union, with all its consecra ted glorres. becomes perpetual. In the Southern communities of this Union, the division in population is not into capitalists and laborers, but between the black and the white races, where all political power is openly vested in the lat ter. We own labor itself as- well as its proceeds, and thus tr e, to all intents and purposes, botit laborers and capitalists. The censequence is that we become the censervative portion of the Confederacy. Most great struggles in government arise from the tonflicts between capital and labor, and the Northern States, from their organization, cannot escape that conflict. In the great contests and interests that arise through the exertion of the taxing power bi the Federal Government, we are necessarily thrown on the side of justice and equality, and become ideihifled with popular rights. Concert of action and consultation, then, with-our sister South ern States to preserve our own peculiar rights, is not only essentiil to our political libetties. but makes us the conservative power of the Union'itself; without the balance from our power, this complex sys tem of conflicting interests would run into dissolution. . The history of .the last twelve months, amongst the most enlighthened people of Europe, has taught the world to feel that Governments are not so stable and sacred as they were formerly supposed to be. The lesson may have its influence here as well as elsewhere. One great considera tion that has heretofore 'bound this Union together arose from the fear that European Governments, with monarchical instituo tions, might interfere to conquer or subsi dise fragments of the Confederacy. The extraordinary developments of the last twelve months have entirely dispelled that fear. The day has passed when their Gov ernments can ever again interfere in Amer ican politics. Under these circumstances there never was a period when justice, for bearance, and a strict adherence to the wise compromises of the Constitution, were more necessary to preserve and per petuate this Union. Unjust and uncon stitutional interference on a delicate and vital question, if preserved in, may finally excite a pacific, but proud, and brave peo ple, maddened by insult and wanton wrong, to take steps from which there can be no retreat with honor, and the consequences of which no man can foresee. If the swords of freemen should ever once tremble in their scabbards, from the perpetration of insult and wrong, the magic spell that binds us to this -Union will be dissolved, and that hallowed devotion which we have been taught in the consecrated recollec ,lonrof the p' ''o . cheinsh forit, will be frgottensm're-fiirceionflrop athat must arire, when States will organiA with the will and the power to be free and indepen dent, be- the consequences what they may. At the present time we should carefully avoid doing anything calculated to isolate South Carolina from her sister Southern States. But we should ever remember that the emblems of State sovereignty rise all around us. The Declaration of Inde pendence itself; the articles of Confedera tion. and the Constitution of the Union. all proclaim the separate sovereignty and independence of the States in any final issue that may arise. WVaiting the progress of events, we, at present, adopt and re-affirm the resolutions of Virginia, and pledge ourselves to co operate with her in any emergency that may occur. POPULATION OF CHARLEsTON.-A cen sus has just been taken of the city of Char leston. and wve regret to learn that the population of that ancient and hospita5le city is on the decrease. A census taken by the M~unicipal authorities, makes the entire population, white and black, in 1848. 26,457-whites 14,187, tree colored and slaves [2.264, showing on a comnpari son with iho United States census of 1840, a deficit of2,810. The decrease in popula tion, has been, however, with the free colored and slaves, which classes have decreased since 1840, 24,44 per cent; the wh/ite population baying regularly increas ed since that period io the ratio of 8,87 per cent. But this is a very small increase compared with that of most of our princi pal cities. In 1810, Charleston ranked as as the #ifth city in the Uuion, in populatiob; in 1830 she was the sixth. She is now the sixteenth. Cincinnati, Brooklyn. Albany, Louisville, Ne wark, Pit tsburgh, St. Louts, Buffalo, Rochester, Lowell, and perhaps Washington,'Providence, and Tray hav ing outstripped her'since 1830. Charleston must shake herself, put her .wealth, (of which she has an abundance) sod her en terprise in operation, and regain her for mer elevated position. The following is the ratio of increase in population of seven cities in thirty-years. From 1810 to 1840, New York had in creased 224 per cent; Boston. 157 per cent; Philadelphia, .137 iper cent; Balti more, 220 per cent; Charleston, 18 per cent; Savannah, 116 per cent, and-Newv Orleans, 590 per cent.-Char. Mercury Ma. CALHOUN-There is a report afloat that things are not altogether agreea ble between Senator Calhoun and his Sounathern confederates. Calhotn intends to work for himself alone, and all the hon or ;i glory, or profit, must go into his own pocket; a course which experience has shown us will not be altogether so suited to the tastes of those with whom lhe is as sociated. If a storm don't grow out of this companionship before six months have passed by, the elements and the omens are all false."-Jacksonvile (Jli.) Journal. The man who penned the above is pro foundly ignorant, ofthe character and aim of the distinguished citizens of whom he writes. Self never enters into Mr. Cal hmoun's calculations-his being a catholic mind, consulting primarily the paramount good of the entire Union, involved in the preservation of unimpaired State sover ei,.nty. EDGEFIELD C. HJ - WEDNESDAY JUNE 6, 1049. ( Mr. W. G. RSSEtLr , i, Out au thorized AGENT for the colleciton of all moneys due us in the Distritts if Edge field, Abbeville, Newberry aid Barn. well. We hope all persons idebted to us will not put our C~llecbr to the trouble of calling on theni fie second time, or force us to place thieiaccouis. in the hands of Magistmu-f be col *lected at their COST. We want our money, and must have it. word to the wise is sufcient. 07 The citizens of the village ind vicinity are requested to iMeet in the.ContI House on Monday next, at 9 o'clock, for-ePurpose or making arrangements forga.Pid i"o.the 4th of July next, on the occasion o- ..a presenta tion of Swords to Lieut. W. C. onozN, and Ca t. J. C. SIMRKINS. June 6th. 1849. Court of Equi , The Court or Equity commed its sitting for this Dristrict on Monday 34!-Chancellor DAROAN presiding. 07 Dr. Wm. BftrLza, of idrednville, So. Ca. has been appointed agent forail0Cherokee Indian. 07 It is stated, that Asso-ri LAwaRxc is to be. Minister to England. 7 Gen. Shields; Mr. Breese, and Mr. Wentworth, are candidates for United States Senator in Illinois. 07 The Duke of Wellington completed his 80th year on Tuesday, the sit of May: so says an exchag. 17 The report that England and France had protested in a joint noto against the in tervention of Russia in the war between Aus tria and her Hungarian revolted provinces. is, by the latest intelligence, without confirmation. Artesian Well. r The Artesian well in Charleston has reached the depth of 834 feet. Minister to France. It is said that Wx. C. Rtvents, of Virginia, is to go out as Minister of the United .States to Paris. -Sir John Fra i. It is stated that PresidentTa Pi ient to Admiral, Sir John Franklin, w has been ab sent on an exploring expedition' the Northern seas for more than three years. Canadian Seat of Government. .Lord Elgin, in his reply to the address for thte removal of the seat of Government in Canada, .expresses an opinion unfavorable to the meas ure. Montreal is to continue to be the capital. Memphis Cnvention. Gov. SEaBROOE has appointed a number of distinguished gentlemen of this State to attend the Rail Road Convetion to be held at Mem phis, Tennessee, on the 4th of Jnhy next.* Gov. Towns of Georgin, also, has appointed one hundred and seven of the most distinguish. ed citizens of Georgia to attend the same con vention. European Affairs, The three great events now exciting the deepest interest in Enrope are, says the London Times-the advance of the Russian troops into Hungary-the approach of a French aumy to Rome-and the prospect of a serious comtest between all the existing governments of Ger many large masses of the people, already pledged to risk everything in defence of nation al~unity and democratic institution.. Monument to Washington. In erecting a national monument to the Fath er of our country, it is suggested that marble or granite be contributed by each State of the Union. An exchange paper has the following: " It is said that Ala bama contributes a block of her native marble to the Washingtor, Nation al Monument; and the managers invite other States and people to follow the example. Eve ry stone sent should be 4 feet long, 2.highi, and 1 foot 6 inchtes bed, with a front bevel of a quarter of an ich to the foot. .Marble, granite, or any durable stone will be received. Will not Georgia, Tennessee and North Car ohina send specimens of their beautiful marble, and South Carolina her granite, to assist in the coastruction of this Monument to the'memoar of the Father of his Country ?"< MOdest Lying, Lieut. MArNK REID, of the late -New York Regiment of Volunteers in Mexipo, in urging his claims to the gold snuff boz, bequeathed by Gen. Jacksotn to the citizen of New York, who should most distinguish himself in battle, is re presented as uttering the followitig egregious falsehoods: "6. In this action ,[Churubugo1 I forced a body of South Carolinians to carry their Lieut. Colonel from the field, when he fell mortally wound&l. "7. 1 caught the South Carolina flag as it fell from his hands, and carried it for some time during the deadliest of the enemy's fire. "8. In this action, led thec Nero York and South Carolina Regiments to the charae-the 14as1 chaige made on the 20th of Augnat."' If it be true, that Lt. Reid is thiauthtor of 'he above amusing assertions, it is not the first time lie has been known to display his vanity and weakneas in boastful praise of himself. If we have not mistaken his character, to boast is his idiosyncrasy, We do not impute to Lt. Reid any bad conduct on the battle field of Churubusco. On the contrary we were wit ness to some degree of gallantry displayed by him; bitt we most humbly suggest to him, that hte might have reflected more honor on higher'claims to the gold snff boe, % astead of taking care of the Lt. Colonel, and'the col 'ra of the Palmetto Regiment, hehad given a little more attention to the colors of his own which so much needed a gallant bearer, on that trying day. We cannot suppose our readers so badly in formed on the facts of that great battle, as to be lieve, that there is oneeord oftruth in the above statements. - Quere 7-if Lt. Reid was with the Palmetto Regiment fighting, where was the New York Regiment, to which he belonged I Brutus. Another incendiary pamphlet with the above signature haa been sent to private gentlemen throngh this office. If any doubt could have existed, after reading the former article of " l3rutus " as to the abolition sentiments of the writer, that doubt will be removed by a peru sat of the present. We care not whether the writer is of " pure Carolina blood," and has not a "Yankee relative in the world "-his work is the effort of an abolitionist mind, and his design is to excite political discord and so cial einmity among our people, with a view, we verily believe, of favoring the scheme of prac tical emancipation. We care not tohat the wri ter calls himself, his sentiments are dangerous to the rights and liberties of our people, and must be promptly condemned by every sensi ble man in the State. We would like very much to know by what means the writers of these incendiary pamph lets have been put in possession of the: names of our citizens to whom they address their c'on munications I Is there among as some secret agent, working in the same impious causepwho I urrrisnes thte names of persons -add other in formation to these midnight autihors ? We aki free to confess our fears about the matter-". There are no doubt, men lurking at this time, in our midst,.ready at a moment to seize upon such an agency. The community should have an eye upon them. At a time like the present vigilance is the sacred duty of every citizen! FOR THE ADvEaTIsER. No. IV. What is the Will of the People ? It is often said, "voz populi, vo. Dei," the voice of the people is the voice of God. This is the favorite maxim of demagogues, though they are all the while making efforts to lead the people wW&, theit$Dwu views. It is, we feal, only a ptece ofbi canery on their part. Will thqpeople allft themselves to be hood-winked by such shallow attempts at flattery ? If the adage be not true, demagogues, by persuading the people that it is, are misleading 'them to their own injury, under the pretext that they are leading themselves. Now this is the worst species of deception. It not only cheats, but it dupes. This is scarcely pardonable in the good friends! of the people. - We do not believe the maxim to be true, in a general way. If the minds of the people--were propetly enlightened, and -their vpjie, the calm utlerance of tbeir i 'aesed judgi1giria4e wQ1k hava much faith in the stying; for tht .there might be wisdom in a multitude of counsellors; but uninformed as our communities often must be on the important subajecte, of ihe day, and controlled frequently by design ing men, it wvould he a dangerous maxim to be relied on practically. As one of the people, we do not wish it fully carried out in practice. We wrill not disguise our true sentiments. If the maxim be brought into general application, the people will be often made to work injury to themselves, when the sober action of the wise and the prudent might avoid it. While the people. therefore, should claim the right to have their will carried out in all mat ters clearly working to the general good, Jet them beware of those, who in outward shnw of friendship -profess to defer absolutely to wrhat they consider the will of the people. If -we do not suspect the patriotism of such nten, we will be obliged to call io questiout their woisdom. But before acting on the maxim, even when it is to be taken as true, it is necessa ry to find out first, What is the will of the people ? D~emagogues often fancy they are deferitng to it, when in reality they are not. Let us inquire into the matter. We have seen that the people, politi cally speaking, are they, who exercise the privilege oft the Ballot-Box. The voice or Fwill of the people will be, then, the free and clearly expreesed wish of' those, who rightfully enjoy the elective franchise. A few newspaper articles, therefore, or par tial neighborhood meetings, professing to re present-t he will of thze people, lay claim to authority to which they are not justly entitled. No representative agent is aut thorized to act upon such informa-l, irres ponsible indications of public opiuion.' A fair expression of the will of the people is to be obtained, only throug the Ballot Box, or by primary meetings held gene rally in every District or community, But here a serious dilliculty arises. Shall the will of the numerical majority be al. ways considezed the will of the people ? To many, it may seem paradoxical to an swer this qluestion in the negative;i for the right of the majority to govern absolutely is generally considered to he the essence of the Democratic creed. So reply to this, wve have only to say, if it be democratic, it is not Republican, nor is it consistent with rational liberty. We will not discuss, in this place, the practicalquestion, wheth er or not the Representatives of the people, are bound to carry out the will of the ma jority, clearly expressed;i that will be touched on hereafter;-but we now go further back, and deny that the majority have the right to mnake their wilt the abso uate rule of action in a community. Ia the first place, as to the changing of any part of our Constitutions, the people. in their wisdom, have expressly hound themselves not to be governed by a bare majority. Thus far, then, in relation to some of the mnost important matters touch ing our liberties, the majority are restricted -and rightly restricted ; for it is the sen timept of mankind, as expressed in all well regulated governments, that the rights of society are not safe in the hands of ma jorities ; that, in governments, the strong should not always be allowved to prescribe the rule of action to the weak ; that might is not always right. It is the experience of history,that in nearly all governments par decided, not according to the rules of jus tice and the righis of the minor party, but by the superior force of an interested and overbearing majority."* But even in those matters not falling directly under the Constitution, whence is derived to the majority the right to govern absolutely ? All good government is right ly supposed to be founded on the will of God. And the will of God is this great rule of right. What, therefore, is against the will of God is wrong. Now is not a majority as much bound by the will of God, as the whole of a people? Aud the whole are assuredly bound by it! This no one can deny. The majority, then, no more than the whole, have a right to do wrong. But what is that, which a ma jurity are bound toxonsider wrong? Any thing, it. may be answered, against the revealed will of God, or at variance with the natural principles of justice, which are nothing but the unrevealed will of God. Among these. may certainly be classed injustice to others. It is wrong, "to do unto others as you would not they should do unto you." The majority, therefore, have no right to take away privileges, that belong of right to others. They have no right to deprive the minority of advantages, which as members of the same community, under the operation of equal laws, they are fairly entitled to. On the contrary, when holding the reins of power they are bound in justice and in reason to protect the weak dr in their rights and privileges. This is the foundation principle of every well or ganized government. Men would never have associated themselves into political bodies, had they not supposed, they would, 'ky the union, be better 1protected than without it. The strong can always take care of themselves. The very object of government, as stated, is to protect the weak! Admit the contrary of the doctrine aboto maintained, to he true and a "re ductio ad absurdon" will follow. If the majority have the right to rule absolutely, what is to become of the minority? We all know the aggressive influence of power over the human mind-how it holdsl and how it grasps! It seeks always to acquire, and never yields, except when forced to yield. No concessions infavor of liberty have ever been made by despotic power except from force or fear. We ap peal to history in proof of this assertion. The great magna carta, and the celebrated Bill of Rights, the boasted guaranties of English liberiy, were, as we know, extorted from the hands of arbitrary power. Our own Independence was plucked from the iron clenches of despotism:-So, of all other charter rights of which history makes mention. It is not in the nature of power to yield or to be liberal, where prerogative is con cerned. On the contrary, it is one of the inherent qualities of despotism to accumu late and to encroach. And it is never ,content without active rule. It labors per petually to extend its influence outwardly. Power is not sweet unless exercised. Hence the maxim is certainly true, "That where the majority rules without restriction the minrIi.esshe subject?" f. Now- this wotild be not nuly absurd but monstrous! 'Timagine the minds of the multitude inflamed apon some agitating subject:-add to this. the increased ma lignity of patty spirit-nnd what bounds can be assigned to the heated action of the dominant party ? Let history answer the question. The result has nearly -always been, proscription of politica l.righ ts, confis fiscation of property and even death. These are almost the sure consequences of ma jority government-than which, there is no doctrine in the whole catalogue of gov ernrg~ental powers, more dangerous and fatal; and certainly, none, wizth less foun.. dation in reason. And wvhere is the justice of the'thing ? Men entering into political union, agree to give up a part of their natural rights,'that they may be better secured in the temain ing portion. And the union once formed, a two fold obligation arises between all the parties associated: First, an obliga tion to cease to exercise that portion of their natural rights surrendered to the Union; and secondly, an obligation to forbear asking a greater surrender of rights from their co-leaguer:, than they them. selves have made. There must, in this particular, be a perfect mutuality between the parties in order to form a fair union. Nlow wvhenjany number of the co-leaguers assume to themselves more than their rightful share of power, they take from the remaining portion a part of their proper rights and powers. This is manifest. Hence the very first principle of political association will be vjolated. The mutu,. ality, that naturally subisists between the parties will be destroyed. The govern mental compait;.be it tacit, implied or ex press, will be broken, and all just obliga tion to obedience will be at an end. When, therefore, the tmajority in a State or nation, infringe the rights of a minority, they transcend their rightful powers; and i f the infrnngement affect materially the lib erties of the minority thet moral and politi cal bonds that unite the parties are virtually disolved. These are fundamental notions on the subject of polinical powers, which, we be lieve, will not be controverted. The majority, thee being restricted in their right to govern, even beyond con stitutional checks, are just as inuch bound practically to restrain themselves within their rightful limits, as are individuals. They are bound by all the ties of political association, and by the plainest precepts of morality, not only not to infringe the rights of the minority, hut to deny thermselves a prospective good, if by acquiring it, they work injury to the minority. A nother conclusion follows. When the majority are in error, there is certainly no moral obligation to obey their will. The minority, then, not being deprived of their rights, by the rightful powverof the majority, are as macht entitled to have their will respec:ed and considered in the administration of government, as the ma jority; for the will of the :najority is only the opinion of the majority on their rights and privileges, or their general interests; and tu have a regard to the interests of one portion of the community, withott reference to the interests of other portions, is subesive of all jttstice and liberty. True statesmanship consists in protecting S*Federalist-James Madison. as well as possible, all ie parts of socle',y As already stated. this is the chief aim ot every well regulated government. 'The will of the majority. therefore, does not alone constitute the will of the peoplei the will of the minority is a cfostituent part, to he respected and observed by all public functionaries. In'cnclusion, the will of the people is made up of the will of the majority, or plurality, aud the will df all the minowities in a commuoniy. or THE fropr. From dhe Clurkston Courier. BAPTIST CONVENTION. CHARLESTON, May 98, 1849. The Convention met this day at thi First Baptist Church, in Church street, After prayers offered by the Rev. V. R. Thornton of Ga., the minutes of the last day's meeting were read by the Secretaryt On motion of Mr..J. C. Crane,-of Va. Resolved, That the next meeting of this Convention be held at the 1st Baptig Church, in Nashville4 Tenn., on the second. Friday in May, 1851. The report of the Committee on Nesw Fields of Labor was, on motion, taken from the table, and read by the Secretary. The report gave rise to a debate in which Messis. Jeter, Tinsley, Dagg of Alpb'ama, Culpepper and Sanders participated. Mr. Jeter spoke in complimentary terms of the style in which the report was drafted-it was, he said, well drawn up, but a portion of it seemed to him to have somewhat of a political bearing, and he thought the Convention had better avoid committing itself to any opinions, or any course-of ac tion which had the aspect of interfering directly or indirectly, with political mat ters. The Convention in times past, had always avoided doing it, and he hoped at this day. when it was understood, at least in our country, that Church and State had no special alliance with each other, it would alwayd continue to pursue a similar line of policy. The Rev.'gentlemen in i dicated the portion of the report to which he took exceptions. and moved that that portion should be stricken from it. The passage in the report referred ta was stricken out, and the report was then adopted, and ordered to be printed. After a fervent and deeply impressive prayer. offered by the President, it was ordered that this Convention do now ad journ sine die. Immediately after the adjournment of the Convention, a meeting took place, to consider the subject of establishing, at the Sobth, a-Central Theological. Col The-merits of the question biviang. previously discussed, the aetishVn meeting resumed th ing Resolutions: Resolved, a more efficie of minister, exists. Resolve of Messr appourt Minise' b -og bring ilt,' union of t tutions. 2. Topr charge of oug~i our conventions sures whleh,a ( they may belt the Southern Sits, 'raining of our youigi M ing the gospel minisiryNW. F ~ ~ t Resolved, That .five aof the aforesar Committee shall be a quorurm for th'"' transactinn of business. The Coinmittee appointed under the 2d of the foregoing Resolutions, made the fol lowing nominations: -, A. M. Poludexter, Chairman ; Mary land, Geo. F. Adams;'District of Colum- - bia, J. S..Bacon ; Virginia, J. C. Clopion; North Carolina, S. -Waite; South Caroli tn, Dr. W. B. Johnson ; Georgia, Thos. Stocks; Alabama, J. H. De Voite; Mi. sissippi, J. T. Tichienor; Louisiana,- W. C. Duncan; Florida, James E. Broome; Texas, James Huskins; Arkansas, Jesse Hlartwvell; Tennessee, R. C. B.4tLowell; Kentucky, W. C. Buck; Missouri, A. Sherwood. Charleston, S. C., Messrs. 3. R. Ken drick, T. H. Cuthbert, M. T. Mendenball, James Topper. Georgia, B. MW. Sanders, N. G. Fostert . The meeting then adjourned. The Presby terian General Assembly (old school) in session at Pittsburg, chose the -- Rev. Dr. Mnrray, of New-Jersey, modera tor, unanitmously. On Friday a report on the subject of chu'rch music, adverse to the employment of professional singers, favorable to the congregation uniting in singing, and pro posing a list of standard tunes,.was pre sented, and referred to a select committee to prepare a work for publication. A letter .from the delegate to the Maiee general Conference, on the subject of slavery, shnowed that a very large majority of the !Uaine conferetnce were in favorof discontinuing all correspondence with the General Assembly. helieveing that it was. proslavery. The delegate had positively denied the charge that the General Asset. bly attempted to justify slavery by the Bible. This, and others on the subjiact, were referred to the Committee on mem orials. FIRE IN MoBILE.--A fire broke out i'm Mobile en the morning of the 28th ui. which destroyed property to the amount of Eighty Thousand Dollars. The 'amount of Insurance on the property is stated at about thirty..three thousand dollars, all of which loss is said to have fallent on offices ,in Mobile. . Severalyotung men were caught beneath a falling roof., and seriously injured-the life of one is despaired of.-Char. Courier. Gxrw. WOrH's Faxr..-Jt has been stated that Gen. Worth's family wasi in New-York at the time .of his decease. This is a mistake. His wife, and all but one of his children, weas with him. A report got in. circulation in Boston on Friday last, that two or three cases of Cholera had occurred in that city in the course of that day-but upon investigiition the renort proved to be entitely groundlans.