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-we will ding to thle Pillars of the'Temple bf our Liberties, and if ust fall,-we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLUMYIE XIV. . a 1 ? NO.6 0
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The Poor Man's Grave.
No sable pall, no waving plume,
No Thousand torch-lights to illume
No parting glance. no heavy teat,
Is seen to fall upon the bier.
- There is not one of kindred clay,
To watch the coffin on its way;
No mortal form, no human breast,
Cares where the pauper's dust may rest.
But one deep mourner follows there.
Whose grief outlives the funeral prayer;
He does yot sigh, he does not weep,
But will not leave the sodless heap.
'Tis he who was the poor man's mate;
And made him more content with fate;
The mongrel dog that shat'd his trust,
Is all that stands beside his dust.
He bends his listling head as though
lie thought to hear a voice below
"" He pines to miss a voice so kind,
And wonders why he's left behind.
The. sun goes down. the night is come
But stretch'd upon thte dreamless bed,
With doleful howl calls back the dead.
The pnssing gaze may coldly dwell
On all that polish'.l marbles tell;
For temples. built on church-yard earth.
Are claimed bty riches more than worth.
But who woul mark with undimtrt'd eyes,
'Te mournful dog that starves and dies ?
Who would not a-k, who would not crave.
Such Love and Faith to guard his grave.
What I Love.
I love the laugh of mocking girls
I love the smiles of widows
I love the croaking of green frogs
Among the marshy meadows;
lut 0 ! I love them critters best
Divided in the middle,
When their hint parts .ire nicely cooked
With butter on a griddle.
Well I does.
I love the lily and the rose,
The laurel and the myrtle,
But 0! 1 better love by far
A whopping big mud turtle
1 love 'em when I notions take
.. To live on fancy wittles:.
Oh! hows I'd litre one lig enough
To fil a dozen kittles !
Well, I wvould.
THE WVoMEN oF H UNoARY-CoUN-.
'ress CSAKY.-Patriotismf anid true love
of enntry, are the grent charatcteristics ofj
the noble matrons of~ Ilungary. Ladies of
the highest rantk, as wvell as those of the
humblest brigin, all mingled together in
a maternal hand of alliance, stand forth ats
thte encoursttms of the matrmyrs of the Re
public. Th~e yiutg Counttess Gasky htas
been foretmast itt the bloody strutggle ; she
raisedi a regitment of volunteers at hter own
expense and is acetu ally in coitmmand of it.
Trhe adjutant is also a lady of runik, atnd is
her sister, Thecy drerss ini th~e unifuorm of
amrt a large sword at their side. Watch-.
fires surrounad their tent, antd setntinels keep
* guard throughout the night. Before tbc
Countess retires to rest, shte writes dis
patches to all her oflicers, givin~g them
orders and if atny spy brings a report of att
advance of the enenmy, shetis at once at
the htead of her divisions. Wimth the mnost
wvonderful talent she lauys the plauns for
the suprise of her etnemy. To) the diiscont
fiture of the roe, her commands are carried
out confidently atnd strictly. 'rhe atnm
ted patriotism of this aoble ntnman inspires
such enthusiasm amongst the soldiers, that
each one becomes a hero in his eneourage
ons desires to outdo in deeds, of daring,
his compatriot. The skill in manevering
displayed by these admirable woman is
wondet ftl. and itn many instances the ene
nmy have surrendered to them without a
blow. Not the less efficient are many ot her
ladies who are not quite so fanmous in
arms; every where the angelic presence
of the woman is visible saving the soldiers
from the jaws of death.-Eur.pean Ameri
- From Godey's Lady's Book.'
Keroic Women of the Revolu
-" iovairy. War. ,. .
SKE TCi .OF1R.''1CK ENS. .
BY S. F. ELLETT.
RF.IwCCA CMALIoUt'Z 1T'wifrO? no .
ral Andrew Pickeds, was-hrn, in the ypnr
1745. She was the daughter of I"aekiel
Calhoun. who resided -near -Hopewell
Mleetine House,' CalhounStlerneut, Ab
beville District, South Carolina. and grew
up tinder the educatlon commoni at that
period in a frontier settlement. Hier fatje
er was an amiable and an. intelligent gen-.
tileman, and possessed that ias in those
days considered an indelenletndent eitale.
In 1776, the settlement made on Long
Cane, Ahbeville District, was nearly bro
ken up by a massacre of the Judians. and"
many of the best citizens were ninrdered
at the Long-Cane Bridge, near Calhoun's
Settlement. .Ezegiel Calhoun, with his
young and interesting famnily. escaped to
the Waxh'aws oMa Broad River.-It was
there that General Pickens became ac.
quaintel with Miss Calhoun. lie after
wards went to Calhoun's Settlement and
married her, in 1763. She was.casidered
very beautiful and attractive; and trudition
says. it was the 'largest wedding' ever
known in that section of country. As was
the custom in those days of simplicity and
cordial hospitality, all were invited far ani
near, to join in the festivities, which, it is
said, lasted three days without intermis
sion. The beauty of the bride was the
theme of all tongues. She had exter.sive
connections of the highest respectability,
and the hospitality of her parental home
The bridegroom was in the full flush'of
oyoust manhood, and was not of the kind
hat '-said never :t word," and "stood
Jangling his bonnet and plume," but was
'So faithful in love, and so (dauntless in war"
Dridemaidens whispered-'Twere better by
r'o have wedded our fair cousin- with young
On this great festive occasion, all were
'ottented and happy.
'Soft ev.s looked love to eyes which spake
\nd w"nt merry as a marriage hell."
-- Rebecca Calhotn'sa!ddig. ya
w.ighhrhootl, and old people used it as a
oint of time to rerlk:: frot. th ile many
-lads aid lasses'' dated their fret emotions
)f tendtrne s, and love frot tht joyous
ecasion. She was remarkable for the
Elasticity of her form, with delicate and
'air complexion, arid ;t girlish pl ay fulness
hat never deserted her, even in her old
ice. Pt:re was her heart as the dew drop
iangirig from the bossoms of the nount ain
lower: and light was her step, as the
rawn playing upon the mountain' birw.
Bright rose her morning star, and not a
eliud hungz artitund it. Alt ! how little did
her yontnti hen rt know of the trials and
dl:'igers that lay before her in the future !
During thie perilous scenes of the Revo
humion, her devotiou and fidelity cheered
and sustained her galant husband amidst
all their ditTiculties, and made his home
ever bright and dear, even through the
blood and carnage of terrible days.
The frontier settletn'uts of South Caro
lina han not only to encounter the British
in their invasions from the seacoast, but
the savages from the mountains, and the
'I'Toris in the neighborhood of their home,
steads.-It was with them literally, "'war
to the knife, and fron the knife to the hilt."
Neither night nor day were they safe.
Their houses were plundered and burnt
by t'io Tories, and their children often
niassacrced by the Indians. Mrs, Pickens
was on many occasions compelled to aban
d~on her husband's residence, near wshere
Abbeville Court House now stands, and
in secret herself and children for datys;
whtile, at these t lmes, she and her infant
family wvas suopported and sustained by
their faiithiful anid devoted negroes,*
She intloredl all with fitrtitude that never
failed. Tirue, to her coutntry, she never
forgot she was a soldier's wife. If lie mnet
with the dangers in ihe field. her perils
were not -less in her situations, and her
trials was in he borne without the stimu
Ious of amitiion, or the expcctatiun of
Before the breaking out of the Revolti
tion General Pickens~ had built a Bl'ick
house a t his residence, as a place of refuge
to t ho sett(leiment in case of tdatnger fromr
the India ins. Into this the inhtabiitants
were often dlrivetn; and many a ytuithful
wvarrtir rec'eived his first iraiiing there.
anil ca ughtn the fire of' that spiritr which
pireparied iint be a freeman, anid made
hitt a soldier int the cause of his country.
It was on these occ'asitons thiat Mrs.
Pickens ex' rted her piowe'rfil intfluetice
iipon those whlo wvere forced to g:tiher
a routnd her biutshianil's standard. Hecr kintd
ness anid chieerfinntess in enterinining those
whor were thus thrown, as it were, uputn
her hospitality. Made all feel that they
were wveomte, and they were untited to
gether as brothers in a common cause. 11cr
active spirit shed a sort light upon all
*General Pickens had a fithful Aft ican,
Dick, who followed him thiroughuout the wvar,
and ,,flen foighit by his side. This r-ervat
Swvett the Broad River twiCe ini a cold winter's
night, to get to the caimp of his master-mista
king the enemny's camttp onice. At "'the Cow.
pent," a wvoindhed British officer, lying against
a tree, asked Dick to bring htitt some water.
He broug~ht the wa'ter in his liat, anid thean itn
mediately ptit out his knee and asked to drawv
lhts boots. Thre officer saidu-*Surely, boy. you
wvill not take themi before I die?" Dick replied
-"Him mighity fine, anid massa need hitn
their conncits. These were th scenes in r
which she received her education. These
were he.c urts iu which she acquired her
"Afier Geheral Greene was forced to fall B
back from befoi-e Ninety-six, and retreated 0
over Silm-la River on his way towards t
North' Cafolina, it was generally supposed "
iat'Seuth Carolina would soon become a P
Conqeered province, as the British held 1
Ninety-sti, Granhy, Camden and Char
leston. - with the intermediate country.
Many whig families fearing to remau-in, fled
to .Greene's Camp. to following and claim
the protection of -the retrearing arny. a
Aimong these avas the family of General R
Pickens, who, with his command. (alto
gether holding his Conmissio'n frot South d
Carolina;I wris then witir Green's army. 1
It was supposed of course that General K
Pickens would for their safety, &c.. let a
therm remain, bt he immediately sent a
them back. to share the common sulferings e
of the coutry, and thereby show that the '
strurgle was not over, but tait the spirit o(
res-t;tnce was undying. Mrs. Pickeu
.with Romanfohtitude, and the devotion - "
a true woman met the difficulties of her h
situation and sstained herself 'and her a
children throughout all reverses, amid the u
perilaus times that fell unon her hmne and ti
her country. Hier husband's younger broth- it
or was a captain in-tire service and- ws a
killed at the "star redoubt," Ninety-six.
He was a brave otiicer, and devoted,io her C
and-her children, and often rendered her k
great assistance when ietleral Pickens ~I
was absent. Alter his death she was oh- t
liged to struggle almost alone.
With elasticity of spirit, remarkable y4
even in. one o( her sex, she had the peculiar d
faculty of rigid government over her chil- 1|
dren, who all feared and loved her. Her a
sons often spoke of it in after .life. She a
was very playful with children, even in el
old amt, and a
- Wltet wild war's deadly blast-wasbiown, n
Add gentle pence rettroig." .. R
her house was the delight of yontiakpeople, at
and her-playfal spirit enlivenad their eve- a
nting sports. Jc
She had three sons and six daughters.- w
Hev sous graduated at Princeton and k
Brown Universitvand two of tem he- -n'
came members of the bar. One of them ti
was afterwards lientenant colonel in the J
ten:h regiment, U. S. Army in Canada,
termination of that war was chosen one of ti
the colonels in a state brigade r;is-d in
South Carolina for the war.- Judge IHurger hi
was ehosen the general, and Col. Drayton a
the other colonel. 2t
This son was in 181G. chosen governor t~
of South Carolina, and was afterwards, in ti
1825, appoitenid by the Alabama legisla- fa
tore, firt president of their State Bank. V
The brother of dirs. Pickens, Colonel J.
E. Calhoun, was a very eminent lawyer, it
and also a senator in Congress from South q
Carolina. The Hun. John C. Calhoun is q
She waG kind and tnnstntaitts; full of si
charity and meekness. She was a tnem- t
her of the Presbyterian church, and her si
piety i as without the slighiest tinge of
bigotry. She died in 1815, and a marble
slah marks the spot, by the side of her
husband, where her earthly remains re- a
pose, in the sweet and hallowed vale that
surrounds the "Old Meeting House," of
At a Roman banquet, a dispute arose
between the distinguished revelers as to
who had the best wife; and it was agreed
that it should be decided by visiting that
night each ont's wife, to observe her occu.
pation. One who afterwards exercised
great influence upon the destiny of her
country, was found busily engnged with
her maidens preparing her wool for the
loom. She-was immediately pronounced
by aIl the best wife. if judged by this
Roman standard Mirs. Pickents would be
pronunced the hest of wives; for the wool
attd distaff were never neglected by her.
She did not pretend to ainy of those nc
enmplishments which modernt latdies are nt
ton apt to thtink the only necessary in life. ti
Shte knew nothing of the fashionrable eti- y
quette borrowed from the upstatrt manne-rs f,
ini thte city life, and which has too much of c,
late pervatded the intertor of our icountry, u
corrupriing that 'ancient arnd cordial hospi- h
tality which was once',uhe pride and glory g
of Southt Car'dhna. But iu all the genuine o
dignity tat becomes a woman, in erase and p
afltbility of deportment, in gentleness and a
kindness of diispositiont and mantners, shre b
hadtr few eqnaals ; whtile in all the pure and 2
high virtt-es whiich adorna the female chur
acter, she bad no superiors.c
A BnatnT TutouottT.--An Irish woman fi
calledi at a grocer's anud asked fr'r a quarsr of a
vitnegar, it wvas measured oif, and put ti
itor her gallon jug. She then atskedl hor o
atnot her quart no be puit in to thme same 'j
vessel. "Anti why not rask for half a gal- 3
Inn and dotte with it ?" said thIe grocer.- tr
"Och ble-s you r little hit of a sorn!," an- c
swered she, "it is for two persons." a
ANECDOTE--A coutryman sowing his -
grotnmni, two stmart fellowvs riding that way,v
one of them called to iim withn an insoletr h
air, '- Well, honest fellow, 'uis your busi- 3
to sow, hut we reap the fruit of your Ia- v
bor." To~ which the- countryman repied, a
"'Tis very likely you may, for I am mow- I
FAL or A STEEPL.-A tornado at
Cincinnati, on the Sth inst., threw down
the steeple of St. Philemont's Chu~rch, a
structure 250 feet high, wvhich- was not en
tirely finished. it fell along the street, and
idr no damagen to othe nennaretY.
From theCharlotte (N. C.) Hornet's Nest.
KNTC IOF REED'S GOLD MINE.
,We haye been kindly furnished by Col.
arnhardt- ,thi the following history ofthe
penilg ari a Reed God Mine in Cabar
ti Counand the number and weight
the pi t of gold found at different
sketch offhe riscovery and history of the
Reed lJId Mine in Cabarras County.
No-h Oarolina, being the first Gold
Mine discovered in the United States.
Tie.firs ?picde of gold found at this
line was~;.u the year 1799, by Conrod
eed,' ho30f about twelve years. old. a
in of Jeahaf Reed, the proprietor. The
scovery *.s made in an accidental man
er. The boy above named, in company
ith a sister and lounger brother, went it,
small streun, called Meadow Creek, on
Sabhailhtay while their parents were at
urch fpr :the purpose of shooting fish
ith bow .aud arrow; and while engaged
ong the..bank of the creek Cotrod saw a
jiow substince shining in the water-he
ens in anitpicked it up-and found it to
some kind of metal and ca.ried it home.
r. Reed examined it, but its gold was
sknoivi in this part of tie country at that
me, he diinot know what kiud of metal
was. The piece was about the size of
small smoothing iron.
Mr.. Reed carried the piece of metal to
oncord aid'shewed it to a William At.
nson, a silver smith, but lie not thinking
gold was unable to say what kind of
etal it wau.
9j. Reqd-.kept the piece for several
wars on'hishouse floor to lay against the
stir to keepit from shitting. In the year
302, ie we-to market to Fayciteville,
id carried tlhe piece of metal with him ;
id on shhw.ing it to a Jeweller, the Jew
ler immed tely told him it was gold.
al regneeste4 Mr. Reed to leave the metal
ith him a said he would flux it. Mr.
eed left ia and returned in a short time;
ad on hiss turn the Jeweller showed hit
large bar ;gold 6aor 8 inches long. The
:weller t - asked .\lr. Reed that he
ould ta#. 'r the bar. Mr. Reed (not
iowing .i value of gold) thought he
ould ask 'big. price" and so he asked
ree dolla nil fifty cents, (S3 50.) The
weller ' this price.
.l~v fa. lia' f% tssi.a 19 i
e .:reek. lie theft associated Frederick
tsar, James Love and Mnrtin Patifer n ith
mself; ad in the year 1603 they found
piece ofgold in the branch that weighed
3 lbs. Numerous pieces were found-at
IN mine weighing from 16.16s. down to
e smallet particles. The whole sure
ce along the creek for nearly a mile was
crv rich in g ll.
The veins of this mine were discovered
the year 1831. They yielded a large
antity of gold. The veins are fuit or
I elo certify that the foregoing is a true
atement of the discovery ant history of
is Mine, as given by John Reed and his
M, Conrod Reel, now both dead.
Weight of dilTerent pieces of gold found
1803. 28 lbs.
1804, 9 .
.. 7 is
uc 3 .t
"t 1 $"
.. 94 ..
". 8 ".
ci 4 "t
a. 1 "a.
115 lbs. steelynrd weight.
S-RrnGso CALCULArIOn.-Some geni.
lias perpetrated the followirag cnicuha
ra: "I have -heen married thirty-two
ears, dnring whlich ilme I have received
om the htattes of my wire three cuaps of
aITee each day, tato ia thte mnornitig an']
1e at naight, makinag about 35.040 cups o1
all' a pint each, or nearly 70 haarrels of 30
alons eat:h. weighing 37.520 lbs., ort
early nine tons weigh;. Yet fromn that
eriodi I have acenrcely varied in weight
tyself froam 1G0 hbsa. It will. therefoire,
seen that 1Ithave drunk in cofftee alone
18 itmes mny own weight. [am not much
ariacmat eater, yet I presumre I hnavC
ataumoed abtout eight ounces a day, whtichi
cakes 5,806 lbs. ear ahout tent oxen. 01
aaua I have contsumed in the 32 years,
Iaoutt 50 lharrels. For. twenty yeatrs o.
lis timec I have drunk two wvine-glasses
lbratndy eath dlay, making 900 quarts.
'he pearl wine, miadeira. whiskey, puntch,
:,c., I ama neat able to count, ht; thecy are
u)1 barge. When we take into thte ac.
aunt all the vegetabales itt additin, such
a patiatoaes, peas, aspa ragns, strawivberries
aerries, apptlles, pears, peaches, raisinas,
r~. ithe amnourit consumed by an indi
idual is must enormous. Noaw, my body
as beena rneede more than letur times it
2 years; atndtaking ik for granted that the
ater, of which I have drnnok much, act
aerely as a dilutetnt, yet, all taken togethetr
conclude that I have consumed in .T
eats ahout the weight of 1,100 men of 161
A whtmisiedl comparis-n being made be
v'een a clock atnd a woman, Charles Fo:
hserved that. ho thought the simnile lad
For," said he "a elack serves to poin
rae hours, and a~ woman to make us f'or
HEALTH OF CITIES.
As a general rule, when the body is ex
amined after death. whether of in child or
adult, one or mure organs are found in a
state of disease; a fact which induced a
physician to state that he looked upon
every adult he met in the streets of London
as a walking museum or morbid anatomy.
Out of 49,089 people who died in London
in the year 1846, 22,275 were carried off
before they reached their fifteenth year;
and only 2.241 died of old age, which
Boerhave stated to be the only disease
natural to nian. In addition to this it
must be known that out of the number of
deaths thus mentioned, 14,368 were from
diseases of the organs of respiration, and
the great source of these diseases was the
respiration of impure air. One grand
means to prevent such diseases is to have
well ventilated houses, and to keep the air
in mo;ion, for in warm weather the air
always contains a large quantity of animal
and vegetable matter in the fortn of the
ova of infusoria and the seeds of the lower
vegetable organisms. The act of breath
ing, to, is a great cause of rendering the
air impure. The air in the lungs is ex
posed to 170,000,000 of cells, having a
surface equal to thirty times that of the
body; so that during respiration the air is
deprived of oxygen, and becomes loaded
with deadly carbonic acid gas, and is ren
dered totally unfit for a second respiration,
being. in reality, no longer atmospheric
air, but a poisonots gas. A second cause
of the deterioration of the air, is the com
hustion of lamps, gas lights, candles, &e.
A single candle is nearly as injurious to
the air as a human being; two fourteen
hole argand burners consume as much air
as eleven men. A third source of atmos
pheric impurity.is the vapor, loaded with
animal matter, given off from the lungs
ant the skin; each of these parts pour out
an ounce of fluid every hour; so that, in a
church containing five hundred people,
twelve gallons of noxious fluid are given
off in two hours. A fourth source of bad
air in towns is the large quantity of de.
composing animal matter left to give of its
effluvia; and the difliculty there is in the
renewal of the air in towns by ;ieans of
the wittds, on account of the vicious mode
of their construction and their lat e size.
Certain diseases are traceable to the
fertile origin of numerous diseases, the
cornmmono "cold." In England and Wales
120,000 people die annually of consump.
tion, and the greater amount of. cases, is
atnong indoor laborers; and in the city of
New York about 3,300 die of consumption
per annutm, most of these being confined
One grand means of promoting health
would be the construction of better ventila
ted houses, No living, sleeping, or work
ing room, should contain less than 144
superficial feet, nor he less than eight feet
high, and it should have one window at
least opening at the top, also an spec fire
place to the chimney.
Every building in which gas is used,
should have plans to carry ofi the pro
ducts of combustion, and not allow them
to escape in the rootn, and also to supply
Diseases that arise from want of ventila
tion. are a scourge to society. 'rhose who
are merciful to animals; should not forget
thnt they need plenty of fresh air likewise.
This, we are sorry to say, is but li'tle
thought of by the majority, horses ate
housed most miserably in our cities, and
this is one great cause of a disease called
the heaves, (the horse consumption,) The
high rents for both dwelling houses among
the poor, and flor stables of our carmen, are
no doubt the reasons of putting op with
sma!l apartments. What the remedy for
this evil is, we are not atle to divine, and
a areat growing evil it is.--Scientific
From the Charlestion Courier.
The following article we copy from the
Matrion Star,- as an act ofjustice to the
writer, if his statements- arecorrect, and
to give an rtlprtuuity, to our Charleston
factors to contradict or explain, if unjustly
"Mla. Eptroa.-.You will do me the
favor to allow space in your worthy paper,
that I may bring to the notice of the farm
ing antd metcantile interest of tle coutttry a
mattter connected with their interest, attd,
.I tmay be allowed to say, of vital impor
tatnce-and that is the weight of- our staple
*arti'ce, Cotton, in Charleston.
"Politicians may cavil on ihe tariff' laws
of the country, and one section of the
Uniont may repel, in a hostile manner,
the enactments of laws which come im.
metdiately in contact with their local int
terests; but sir, the loss stustained hy the
class above referred to itn .iarion District,
the pntt season, is far greater than any
otne, 'in a slight exatmination might sup.
"The tarril of one cent, with many of
our planters, before the custom wats reach
ed by legislation, seemed to be qtuite a
hutgbear, but now they submit to a loss of
20. or 30 lbs. per bale and-make no com
"The above remarkis may, by some.
seem a mere assertion, as the city authtort
ties have swornt omliers tn attend to that
Idepar:ment of business, and coasequlently,
sucht thiings cannot be so.
"Wvell, ir. Editor. te that as is it-may,
I will give you a few facts, and I can prove
every assertion - tmake. I hatve the per,.
uonal knowledge of two idtfferent lots of
cotton, and if I were to say twenty lots, I
wv,uld, speak truth every word. Otne of
the los. above referred to, was ginned-and
carefully packed away under thegin housh
at which it was put up. It there remaid
ed fur a month or two when-it was rolled
out and carefJpily weighed-sent imtnedil
ately to Charleston, there re-weighed by
the city officers, and that lIt of cotton sud4
rained a luse of twenty four poiinds per
"A second lot, put up in the samre cafe=
ful manner. weighed very carefully, and
immediately seat to Charleston, there, re
weighed and sustained a loss of thirty t"d,
pounds per bale. In some particular in=
stances the hales were known to lose froti
sixty to seventyj.pounds per bale, and so on
through the differeut lots referred to by thd
"It may be said that the balances used id
weighing these bales were not correct. Iid
reply, I answer, that I have compared
them with different balances and found
thenm equal in weight.
"Well, now, Mr. Editor, is there no
redress for the injured in this matter? Are
we to be bluffed off by our factors whed
they tell us we have sworn weighers td
attend to those duties, regulated by the
city authorities;' and this state of thingi
suff'red to pass off without further notice?.
I say, sir, the people are wronged out of
their just earnings, either by their factord
ur the city weighers.
"My object is to enlist a concert of ae.i.
tion and sentiment in this diatter, in order
that the wrongs may be corrected. I hope to
see the matter discussed through the medi
um of the press, and some course suggest
ed to protect our safety.
ONE OF THE SUtFERERS,
SiX DAYS SHALL THOU LAaoa.-I
seems generally to escape observation,'
:hat the forth comttandment, do effectually
enjoins work during the six days of the
week, as it does rest on the seventh. Thy
Double meaning is alluded as follows ir
the Cape Literary Magazide It asked
somewhere in the Talmud : The wealthy
Af many countries, whereby they are des
serving of becoming tich. Samuel, the
son of Yosi, replies because they honor
the Sabbath; Samuel, the son of Yosi, I
presume to put another constrtiction upod
the answer, f would say; because they
keep the fourth commandment.
Let-not the idle vagabond, who restd
ion the Sabbath,. and the six daia p, ....
Sabbath holy, and yet I im poor." Poor
thou art, poor thou wih be, and poor thos
deservest to be; for though thou keep the
Sabhath never so holy. unless thou work
six days out of the seven, thou breakest
the fourth commandment and canst never
attain to wealth, health and to happiness:
This is the doctrine which I proclaim, and
mnaintain1 upon scriptural authority: and
if that suffices not, go to yonder bloated;
guty, coxcomb, who upon a bed of downs
reels his foot in a lake of fire; the mere
moving of his footstool is a Volcano to
him, andi he ringing of the bell by his
physician's footman an earthquake. Had
he kept the forth commandment; notonly
an the Sabbath, hit on' the sit days, bhe
aight have thrown physic to dogs, and
left inc to seek another illustration of mj
MtatTonious- CONDUCT QN TE P,%1
or Two NEo'RoEs.-On Wsdnesday after
noon, 15th inst. at the time of high water.
an exceedingly clever and interesting little
son of the Rev, Mr. Woodward, about
eight fesrs of age. accidently fell from the
bridge over one of the creeks of the vilfag(
of Bluffton. Two negroes-'Andrew,'
belonging to Mr. Wagg, and, Joe,' belong
ing to Gen. Hamilton, happening to he in
the vicinity, hastened to his rescue. B
unhesitatingly leaped into the *ater; and'
Andrew fortunately, reached- toe child at'
the moment lie ceased to'struggle, a'ndwi
siking to the bottom. He swam with
the child to a raft of boairda that wvas floe.
titg near by, upon whichi; aidd by toe,
he succeeded in placing him in seaunty.-'
This timely assistance, rendered not with
out some degree of danger to the rescuers,
and in the course of which wvas displayed!
for more presence of mind -by A'ndrew'*,
than negroes gonerally exhibit, has beeit
the means, through Providence, of pr~e'erv
ing the hope of a family, and of saving to
the village one of the most- pt'omising and'
engaging child, en it contains,
doch actions should never be permitted
to pass unrecorded, that they may stand'
forward as a warning to the faniatics at the'
North; for whilst the slave States of the'
Union continue to produce negroes wiling,
thus freely to venture their lives in belialf
of their masters they poss-ess an arguninot,
for slavery, stronger than can bh' trged'
gainst it; and an element ofrsafety' wbich,
in tlmes hereafter, may be destined to dis-r
pel some of the pseudo philanthropicl
hopes and visioris of Birney, Barrett, Bris
hane and brothers.-Mercury, (Conl4
Tug Errextsu AND FRENCBn' NAvT."
Etgland has in commission 91 ships,
mounting nltogether, 9047 guns, with ar
reserved force of 31 vessels, 78 steam yes-.'
els comprising I6)626horse powver; with'
a reserved force of 43 steamers, 12,67.8!
horse power. France has in commissiotr
6ships, motiunting 2,100- guns; with a re
servedforce of 25; 61 sieami vessels, comn
prisiig 12.Sy0 horse' power; a reserved,
force of 22 vessels.
Ttere are over a- thousand princes ist
Germany, great and small, who receive
anully from the people over two hundred
millions of dollars; while a laborer work,
eighteen hours tout of tiventy-four for 7%
cnts per week.