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- ronithe Chat leston Courier.'
THE MEiMPHI'S CONVENTION.. The Conivention adjourned on the 26th ul. after a session of four days. Fourteen States sent delegates, viz: Pennsylvania. Misouri, Tennessee, Ala bamna, South Crulinan, Louisiana, Illinois, Arkansas. Texs, Kentucky, New-York, Virgin'is,Misissippi, and Georgia. South Carolina.was reprepeuted by the Hon. J. A. Wo dwara, D. F. Jamison, and J. F. -0. Mitag.. The following resolutions was reported thrugh Lieutenant Maury, from the Gom. mittee on*- Resolutions and were unani mouly. adopted: L Resolved, That it is the opinion of this Convention that it is the duty of Ithe General Government to provide, at an early period, for the construction of a National Railroad from thv*Alississrppi River to the Pacific Ocean. 2. Resolved, hat, to facilitate the rc complishment of this object, in the opinion of this -conveition, it is the duty of the General Government to cunstitute an effi cient and competent c3rps of Euiineers to make complete exploratious and surveys of all the rautes that have been designated by public opinion as proper for the line of This road. 3. Resolved.That, after the proper stir Veys shall - have been comp'eted, ini the opinion of this convention, i is the duty of General 'overnnent to locate the line of the road ; and. in making tihe location thot route should be selected which is easiest of access, bcst calculated to subserve the purpotes of national defence, most con veoientto the people of. and as far as practicable, central to the United Stdtes, and upon which a railroad can be construct ed on.the cheapest and best terms. 4. Resolved; That, to carry into effect the object of .the- first resolution. in the -opinion of this Convention. the public lands -of the United States constitute a legitimate and proper fund. 5. Resolved, That. nfier the construction of the National Railway tritk from the Missisippi river to the Pacific ocean, in 'he opinion of this convention. it is the duty of Congress to aid, by the appropriation of the National domain, int the construction of such branch rail roads as will best connect it with the Northern Lakes, and the great thoroughfares leading to t1he At lantic Ocean ; and with such other pointis. on the Mississippi river, as will connect it with the lines of improvement completed or in the course of cottruction-und also to aid in the construction'of bra. ches from the main trunk to suitable points on the Gulf of Mexico, either east or west of the Mississippi river. 6. Resolved. That in the opinion of this convention, it is the duty of the General Government to provide, under liberole con ditions, fur a connection between the main trunk of this National Railroad atd all railroads now made, or which may here - after be constructed by the authnrity of the States and teritories.of the Ut.ion. Resolved, That as-on important means, a necessary proliminary to the construction of a railroad it is the first duty'of Congress to take the necessary tueasures for the - &blishment of .nilitaryposts. from the public and our Indian ronytier to the acific ocean-thntthtese posts should be establish ed, itn all proper places, not far distant from each other, and that civilized and productive settlements should be eneourag ed aroutid them, by sales and the grant of preemption rights of tho public lands to actualsettlers, and by suchoilher encourage by these means, amble opportunities may be ai'orded to our engitneers for the immte dit uvyand reconnoisance of our p)os sessions, lyiing betwecen our wvestern antd southwestern States and the Pacific oceatt, and so, also, that by these means safe, practical roads, one or more, with facilities of travel, tnay be imniediate ly firmed fur our citizents and( for the transportation of troops and mounitions of wvar, &c., across * ~ our ow-n.territories, from the Atlantic to the Pacific shores, tand in order that our Government may fu!fiH ts treaty stipula,. - that, in their opinion, it would be highly advantageous to the commerce of this coun. try, and add greatly to its political power - and influence, if an immnediate connection, by railroad or cantal, 'could be obtained between the Gulf of Alexico atnd the Pa - - - cifie ocean. iBlany projects of greater or less promise, for the purpose of construct ing the necessary works to complete such a communication have beetn tf late agitat tedl, and without, in the present state of our knowledge upon0 the sutbject, pretend ind to decide upon their relative merits, they beg leave to recommend the adoption * of the following resolution: Resolved, That while the contemplated Railroad across the continent is beinia con structed, a present communicatiion beitween the States of this Union anid the A merican and Asiatic coasts of the Pacific oceatt, is of vast importance,to every portioin of this country; that such commutication can be - - obtained by ship canal or Railroad across* the Isthmus of Tehiuanter.ce, Nicaragua or Panama, or across them all, whlich Railroads or canals may be constructed by - . private etnterprise, ttnd this ctovention, ini order to encourage the untdertaking and completion of such works, recomomenid the * passage of a la w, liy the Congress oh thel -United States, directing the Postmaster Getteral, Secretary of the Navy, to malke annual contracts for the transpoirtation of the government, from the Attantic to the - . - Pacific posts of the country, by the shortest, speediest and chteape.st route. The committee on resolutions, to wvhich was referred the resolution that declares T~Lhat, ih the event of the appropriation by Congress of a cotnsiderable portioni of -.-the proceeds of -the public lands to the con structiott of a Railroad from the Mississippi -river to the Pacific ocean. that, at the same titme, liberal appropriations of the public lands, lying within the limits of the States, * shbould be- made to aid theta respectively in theis works of Internal Improvement,"' have had.' the' same under consideration and have inistructed ame to'report :that the claim of the States is equitable, becatuse the lands of the Uttited States wvithin the State bear no charges:fo'r local' improve ment, nor for the expenditure of tiue State sources of fexpenditure." They therefore recommend the adoption of the resolu tion: . Resolved, That, in the event ofthe ap propriation by Congress of a considerable portion of the public lands, or of the pro ceeds thereof, to the construction of a:rail ro'ad from the Mississippi river to the Pa cific Ocean, liberal appropria'iona of tie public lands, tying within ihe limits of the respective States, should be made, to aid themn in the construction of their works of internal improvement. The following additional resolution wai adopted. -with tremendous applause": "Resolved, That, in the present state o our know ledge, we reel warranted in re cgnending to the particular bnention o the General Government for examination as a possessing special advantages, the route commencing at San Diego, on 'he Pacifc Ocean, crossing the Colorado ofaihe Vest, running along the Gila iiver, - or near it, in a direction of the Post del Norte and thence across the State of Texas It its northeastern boundary, het.ween the 32 and 33 degrees of north latirude, termina tiog at some point on the Mississippi be. tween the mouth of the Ohio river and the mouth of Red river." The following Committee of Seven was nppointed by the Paerident to -memorialize Congress. viz: J. B. D. DeBow, or Lou i4ana: Absalorn Fowler, of Arkansas: James C. Jones, of Tennessee , John R. Strother.-of Missoori ; J. F. G. Mittag, o South Ciarlina ; C. C.,'5ills, of Texas G. S. Yerger, of Mississippi. SUFFE RINGS OF GOLD-SEEKERS Tne following letter, says the New York Tribune, written by a gentleman long a resident of this citl, bit now in California may he relied upon as being a truthful statement. as tite wtitter is well and favo. rably known to a large portion of our mos thorough going business men. . Woon Mt.r.s,300 milet from San Franctsco, July 30. . I am at last in the gold region, and wil attempt a description of mQ tedious jour ney here. We arrived at Stocktonu after a fair passage, remained there a few days and then started for this place. In coming here we crossed an arid plain of 32 miles no vegetable, no shade, no water, except what we carried with us, and one of the hottest days I ever experienced. Aftei taking on each of our backs some 60 or 7( pounds. and filling a little key with water, some fifecn of. us started in company. Tlhe first day we madIeabout 13 miles, and then laid down to rest our exhausted fratnes on the ground, with but a single blanket each for covering. The second day we travelled but ive miles in the morning and five or six in the eveniog. This d1y a man by the name of Hunt, from Massachusetts, gave out and could go no further. As he was out of water, I let him wet his. lips with nfine, and aome otheri-did the same, but all we could do to revive. him,,proved unavailing, lie was determined' to die, and we, to save our owh' lives, were ob liged to leave.him as our stock of water was getting very short.. We had some 12 -or 15 miles to travel before'we came to a river.y- I never shall forget that scene.. of .leavitgth'at poor man to dieon the hiarren towed. ~~~~' *The next dany our'waier'as reduced ta a fetw diops. A t 11 o'clock the sun wvas pourin;; down with unheard of intenisity, and not a breath uof air stirrihg, whena .another v'ery fine young mantifrom New Hamshire, whtom I had formed quite an attachment for on or short acIjaintance, and when we wvere within seven or eight miles of the river, as near as we could judge, wilted right down under the sun and could go no further. All was done thtat could be d'one to arottse hitn to) action, but without efl'ect; I gave the poor fellow a few drops, and stuch a scene as presented itself wihent we were about to leave him I hope never to wit ness again, lHe' drew me down to te ground,.and kissing me. said-" 0. God ! catn you leave me here to die alone.'" I told him to keep up cour age, that we would go to the river, where there wa's a tent, and that we wvould rig up somtnohing to carry him on, and would be back as soon as possible; so wve bid him good bye and started. l'ore we reached thte river I felt tmyself as if I must surely fail, but I knewv if I gave up at all it was to die, and when such thotbghts carite over mte, I would arouse as from a sound. sleep. I never experieoced such feelings. II think death from heat or exhaustion would be an easy one. Ilefore we got to the river two more dropped, but the survivors could do nothing for thtem, but were obliged to press forward toward te rtver in order to satve their own lives. We at last came in sight of the long looked for river, and such feeling of joy as we experienced 1 wsill not attempt to portray. A fter replenishing,a little, we procured three mules and wenat back for our friends. I was in htopes to find the one whto dropped first, alive, but wvhen I arrived and jumped ofT'the mule, I found a handkerchief over his face, I raised it; he lay as 1though asleep,,wsith his hands crossed on htis breast, but'he was qutite dead. We put him on a mule, and one of the other two was so weak that he could not sit alone, and so we trudged back to the tent; found an Indi an blanket sewed him np in it, and buried him. I staid at the river two days to re crtuit, then came to this ptlace. There is one other route to cross this plain, where there is water in one place, but we got on the wrong road., XNDtANs IN TExAs--The Hlousten Tel egraplh learns by letters from Catnanche P'eak, a.ttading tost on the Brazen, that the Indians visiting that place profess warm friendship to the wvhites and are not disposed to resume hostilities. They still entertaiu the opinion that tbey have a right to make war on the Mexicans,.and seem to consider them at tributaries on whom thtey are pr'ivileged to levy contributions. Thte Telegraph estimates the number of horses anid mules annually stolen from the Mexicans, at five thousand. -The bufTalo havinag becomte scarce it is considered doubtful whether the various indian tribes could subsist without the stolen cattle. Many of them live eon horses flesh during a large portion of the year. Tite Tele graph suggests that an appropriation of $50,000 to supply the Indians ithe food and clothing would serve a bettem purpose thont two thoandn troops on our frnier. EDGEFI E LD C H W EDNESDAY. NoVEMBE 14,*.jB49. 97 Thealsence*of- the Editor, m-tu still be our apology for meagre MEYWe ate authorid' ate- t an ad dress, will be delivered in the M ethed jChurch by MR. Jous G. Bowuai, on Tempi Dce, onl Tuesday eve,ning the 20th jilst. At ADDRESS deliversd before the TERARY SOCIETlEs of EnsxEz CoL..6, . P., at the annual commencement, held oa'S ptemb%r 19,1849. By Hom'FRACIs W. P 1191S. We have 'received a copy of-th& boye ad dress, and call the attention of our re . ng pub lie, to this able and lucid exhibitiin otolassicaih philosophical. mural and revtaled4 ciocz AN TRuTH." The Baptist State- ConVent[oO. It will be seen by advertisement in to-dafs paper, that this body will convene at'the Bap tist Church in this place on Saturday'before the 2nd Lord's day in December of-the present your. Education We would invite particular attei6on W- the advertisement of aR. NIcHoLs, whih will appear in another column. fi. N i gentle man of high.attainmer:ts and expepuence in tlis branch of education. From the specess which has attended his efforts in other places, we com mend, with the utmost confidence-to his care the fair daughters of our land.- We hail with pleasure, the great advantages which'are being proffered to the people of .ur District, of secu ring to our daughters the best of legacies-a thoroughfemale education. If we ate to-have an enlightened posterity, if we wishourzonsto be virtnous, brave, honorable, wise and--indus trious, only educate the m:Ahers. and, they, as did the Roman Matron, will point to their sons as their jewels. To:suihjewels would Caroli na deli-lht to commit her future bonor and d estiny. LF We would alsio, while tnktng of our daughters, not forget our sons. Werpjoice that the Trusteesof our 11ale-AcIdemy, have obtained the services of 31n. Jouuilf, to take rharge of this Institution, for thi"succeeding year. The best advantages; being;secured by the Trusteeq of both the above iiititutions, we indulge tho hope that they WilO jiberally patrouised. -'Y We publish aVynopsis,of tK - f the 5lemphis Conv'enti'll d on as they disclos'e the vev .d itelli gent body of men, o ~ ant nationali question-viz: i- dements, by the dencral Go'oenii .di be seen that four teen States, were do-:ted in t' e Conven tion, v:z: Pennsyhv: ,a. \issouri, Tcnnessec, Alabama, South ;ar.,hna, Louisiatn, Illinois, Arkansas, Texas, Kentneky, NowiYork, Vir.. ginia, Mississippi, and Georgia. Gov. Towna's liessage. This is a doctumenat truly Southern in spirit, and must commend itself irrespective of party, to every true hearted Georgian. llis excellen cy, after tonching upon varions local mattel., gives a brief, but strong summary bf.the various wrongs, insulta and injuries inflicted on the South, and concludes in the folloiving spirited and sensible remarks : "This is an epitome of the wvrotag perpetra ted upotn us. Is it true or false ? H1ave tnt several of the Northertn States passed laws pro hibitinug onr citizetns from reclaiming~their fugi tive slaves? Have they not, time and again refused to deliver on the demand of the Execu tive authority of the Southern States, fngitives fronm justice charged with negro steating?i These are suubbo'rn fitcts that should dome home to alL Robbed of your slave proper, without the po.wer of redress, opposed bbrute force in asserting your rights, your crimtinal laws vio. hated, your soveteigntty outraged, your .peace atnd nuiet disturbed, your goodT namtd defanied,I and hastly you are told. by way. ofginug pointi and ianguisha to the feelinig of 1iis already inflicted, that you are not to partie pte on eqnal terms wvithi the other States of the niont, in the comtinon property ofall. Is it, Rtepresentatives, for this, -that our fath ern stiuglted in deadly conflict?. Was it for such an Union as this. thtat tha sages and patri ots, many of whom breasted the storm of-the Revoltution, formed the constitutional compact ? Was it designed that the States should not I have the power of deciding, each for itself, whlat shonuld, or should not, beproery-or , was it intended that any party or acton in this country, whether Free-soil, si-kilown ty any other name, might violate the tost vital provision of the constitution, so far as the South is concerned, with implunity?i Feeling as [ do, I the incalculable value of the Unsion, in that purity of equality handed down to us by -the great apostles of liberty that formed it; enter-( taining with ardor att sincerity,.aifepling of horror at all attempts by one seetion of the Union to violate the rights of arxitf~er; and cherishing the -spirit of litberty aind equality, actual and positive in government, above and far beyond unecqual laws and odious opp'ression, I I may be permitted here to restlir'i the-senti-t ments with which I went before the People of c the State, in the late election,-as containing my opinioni that fprther aggres-sion'i.p.not to be en-. c dured by the Federal Go,vernmaent, must be - repelled. all amicable tmeans bein first exhaus-. ed, by all the power, moral andjilyaical, at the ' commnand-of this State. With the confident beliefthat.the opintions I here expressei, accord stric,tlywith those of the great body of oturconastituenits, feeh it May dtity r to ask of you the passage oftan at.nvestung the *Executive with the authority to'convokela con ventio of.the people of the Stats to taliu into consideratr-" 'lie measures proper for, their safety and -' rvation,in the event ofthie pas sage of the Wilmot Piro.viso, or other kindred I measure, by the Congress of the United States. I Rehyitng upon the purity of our mootives, and( feeling deeply impilrE.ssed with the magniitude of c the duties that devolved tupon us, let ::s-be ever atindful that outr strength iind capacity foi~ use fulness come alone from that -Beitik;.hose riavor. is success, whose aid is omnmpotence. From the Sunth Garolinien. WINDING UP THE BANK. [Br REQUEST] - In considering the question of recharter, another argument has heen greatly relied on by the.advocaies of the Bank. It has been urged that the agricultdre, the com merce, and the manufactures of the State. would sustain a severe check were the ac commodations now extended to those branches of business vy the Bank of the State withdrawn. We have shown in a previous number, that the utmost. range of accommodation ihat could be claimed as extended .to the agriculturial interest was $3.458,462 26. And that amount, there can be no doubt, is the double of what can, with truth. be brought to the debit of the agricultural in terest. It comprises all that can he charg ed to all-those engaged in the industrial pursuits of the country individually, with the exception of foreign exchanges $29, 668 96, domestic exchanges S40,753 08, ant drafts in trahsitu $8,002 61, which, added to.$3,458.463 26, makes 83,536, B88 11 as the entire amount of the transac tions of the Bank with all of those who are engaged in carrying on the business of the countrv. Ncov, we have shown that the lands aud negroes of the States were, at a moderate valuation, worth $282,616, 800 00. We have no means at hand for ascertaining the value of the rest of the property within our limits. and therefore shal not pretend to make even an approxi ma it to an estimate. But, if we put down the entire aggregate value of the property of the people of South Carolina at the above amount, it will be seen at a glance how very inconsiderable the agency nf the Bank must be in giving vitality and and activity to the entire mass of business. That it contributes its fair share of the business of the country is not denied. But that share is very much overstated. when it is pretended that stagnation and disiress must ensue to many branches of that business when the day shall arrive for finally winding up the affiairs of that Bank. It can scarcely be possible that the leading interest of the country are on so unstable a footing, as not to bear, almost scathlebs, the gradual withdrawal of loans. bearing such a relation as this to the aggregate value of those interests. There can he no reasonable doubt that all interests will, in due time, accommodate themselves to that withdrawal, without either thock or detriment. But even supposing, for the sake ofargu. ment, that it should result somewhat other. wise, then we say let it be even so. For we hold it to be our du y to abide by our principles, whatever the immediate tem porary consequences may be. We have proclaimed to the world our advocacy of the principles of free trade. If there lhe any truth in the secret history of the free irade triumph in Great Britain, the ze;,lous fervor and intelligence of that advocacy by us ministered not a little to-that tri umph. And in thus proclaiming, we de clared our hostility to governmental mon opolies and governmental favors. It was not simply that Congress had no right under the Conslikution, but that it was impolitic and unjust to protect.or favor any set of interests b le-islatin- We took -the:fn jrmiiirrr _,m. _ were the source of all production. Ta it was best to leave it to the sagacity of those possessed of labor andi capitl to de termtne as to the channels in which they should be employed. And that it was no part of the busintess of governmetr, as understood among us, to-determine upon those channiels, to court them (labor and capitah) into one channel, or to divert theta rom others. That it was for each citizen ro determine for himself as to etmployment ror himself or his capital ; to choose the profitless. That it was corrupting anid ~very way of very evil tendency that the :iizen should be taught to look to gov ~rument for aid and support to his private tudertakings. - We say, then, if it be irrefragibily true hat government cannot rightfully, by di -ect legislation, aid or cnntrol the employ nonts of labor or capital, it is not the less rue that it carinot do so by the establish. ntent of a Bank. We say the establish. nent of a Bantk of the State is a violation if the cardinal principles of free trade. Lor it must (unless it is a switndling con :ern, whtich is not for a moment to be su p. yosed.) be founded upnn something of ttual value, which has ben drawn fr-wn hto people by taxation. And its objets is o fecundate certain branches of business it the expense of the great body of tax >ayers. Its ad vocates declare that without ts favors those branches of busines must angruish and droop, if not be annihilated. ['hat they are the objects of State favor id State patronage. And so said and so ay the iron masters of Pennsylvania and hte wvoollen and cotton manufacturers of fewv England. But free trade says lais ez nousfaire-mintd your business and we vill mind ours-if etnployment is tnot suf iciently profitable, change it ; do not ex rect Peter to make good the losses of Paul. kud free trade will equally say tto the far ners and plan ters, the merchants and man facturrers of South Carolina, if it be a set that you cannot dispense with the lank of the State-that you cannot in 6 r 7 or 10 or 12 years even accommodate 'ourselves to the withdrawal of 83.500. 00 of loans, but insist upon it that you are ntitled to that amount of State, or which Snearly 'the some thing. State Blank pat onage, you are inconsistent in reoroaching, a grounds of policy, your neighbors of iennsylvania and New England in set ting p similar claims against the people of the onfederacy. If then we maintaIn the equity and poli y of sust aining by State patronage. admin iered through a B3ank, any of the diver ified interests of our people, we must read ackwvards 'all of the constitutional and .olticoeconomical lessons that we have e.en learning for the last 25 years: we inst renounce a faith which hundreds and housands.of us wvere ready to seal with ur blood. But we have showni that the con:inuance f this Bank is not indispensable to the irosperity of the planters and farmers, the merchants and manufacturers. -of South Jarolina ; and it is not true that they have eparted frm the fui th:. Z. The average yearly salary of teachers m the national schools of Ireland is ?18 bomt 8801 - SutPwarEc.-Captain Barstow, ortine ship Gondar arrived a. this port last-night, reports having fallen in with the wreck of a vessel, the Triceic. of Maiu, off Cape Hatteris, "on The 22d October, ou-board of which was the body (if a man who had apparently heen dead sofno ten days. In addition to the particulaIrs to be found un. der the head of our Marine news, the let ter iherein referied to, has been subinitted to our inspection, by Capt. Barsiow. It is a 'good deal . defaced, but eDough of it is ler to indicate its general contents. It is signed by Jeremiah Gra:e, and address. ed to Richard Grace, of larrington, as the father of tile writer, and was probably written by the deceased. its date is the 14th of August, 1349. It speaks of hav. ing sailed 11rnm Savaunah some time, pre vious, the Captain, ate, and "-Haskill" all sick duriug the passage tu Wilmington. There was an old silver tvatch found in the berth-with the letter, but it was.sb ruste,l as to be valueless. Capt. Berstow, how ever, retains it in hope that it nay serve to identifythe owner. The letter will be sent by mail to Mrs. J. G. Barstow, or New Castle, Alaine, where the frieuds of the writer can fiad it. * The papers at Wilmington,North Caro. liona, and sotte of the Boston papers are requested tit notice the circumstance. Mobile Register. A Goon I1DA SUCCEISFULLY CA RRIED OuT.-The Foundry of Messrs. Gilmore, Burton & Co. is now nearly in full blast and the necesiary buildings required for extensive operations. in course of. rapid completion. We are glad to learn that our enterprising fellow-citizens have every prospect of reaping a rich reward for their energy and foresight. and are already busy with small jobs which, they turn out in most workmanlike manner. We witness ed "a casting" yesterday afternoon-that would have don credit to any establih ment-of several wheels for the Salada Factory, atnd other small articles. In every single instance the success wascom plete-ad the work of the mdst finished quality-proving that the understand, their business thoroughly. The process is a very interesttng, though short and simple one, and all who'have never %fitnessed a casting would do well to take a look at it. 'When their ar rangements are completed. oir Columbia Foundry will be able to do all the woik in that line that may be needed in this part of the country-which will keep much silver at home, as well as other metuls, now sent abroad. As Millwright and Engineers, they will bring into this place much work h itherto done in Charleston and elsewhere. "A few more of the same sort" only are need - ed to make Columbia what 'her natural advantages entitled her to be,-a. much more important place than she has ever been. *"There's a good time a coming." so "wait a little longer, boys !' who dream pf California.-Telegraph. TExAs.-The Galveston Civilian or the 251h ult. say.: The Brazos was full to the top banks, at Washington, by the last accounts. It is in fine navigable order. The steame Washington, with her con s?rt. will.hereafter run regularly onhat river.7 The sugar planters are busy in redtucing their cane to sugar, ad we are informed that the yield is abundant, while most of. tite planters are produtcintg an article supe.. rior to the pindluct of anv past season. The Civiliah, of the 23d inst., says that there will be a large emigratio'n from Ger many to Texas thii seasona. Eight vessels were soon expected to,arrive from Bremen and other ports. such bringing at least one hundred emigrants. LADlEs IN MAI.E ATTtRE.-The ladies of Philade-lphia are rapidly adopting thae' male habiliments of dress. The Spir it of the Times says: Thtey now wear standing collars, and thte'girls readily supply themselves from their brothers' assortment. We saw one or two ladies in the streets yesterday, witht collqrs so stiff' thtat they could not turn their heads to lonk round at thteir beauq, and we are told that a lady's ear wvas fannd in the Walanut street Theatre, yesterday mortting, evidenaly cut olf y the too great stiftness of the standing collar of some o.ne in the fashionuable crowd of the tig ht-before. Tax TEA CULUREva in A aratcA. The New York Tributne has late advices inom thte Tea plnantation of Mr. Junius Smtith, at Greenville, South Carolina. Hlis plants are itt blossom, and as heatlthy mnd flonrishing as thaose of China at the same stage of growth. Everything looks 'avorable, and Mr. Smith feels abundatnt ly encouiraged. He expects to place fresh ea on the tee tables of London and Patris in twventy days from his platntation. He has a large number of plants, and tea seed mtought for a half millon more. - The Black descriptions blossomed some time ince, anl lately the Green plant descrip ions have also blossomed. Mr. Smith is collecting about hi-n qutite a force of aborers, having recently sent to the North or abotut tweanty hands. IHe has also nade very successful elThrts to grow the ig and altmond. H is next year's crop will, e quite an important one. Should Mir; .tsucceed in introduciug the growth of the ea plant into the United States, Ite will ~erainly deserve a statue of gold and the ratitude of the whole country. The very wildest and most incorrigible fhbad hoh-es, was suddenly tamed in Bos on the other day, by simply taking a cord omutt the size of a common lbed cord. pot ing it in the mouth of the horse like a bit, tad tying it tighttly on the top of the ai al's head, passing his left ear utnder the tring, not painafully tight, but tight enotugh o keep the ear dtown, and the cord in its ilace. The horse obeyed, perfectly sub lued, end as gentle and obedient as a well rained dog. This is worth knowing. CosT OF THY. PAc.trte RArLnean.-At he St. Louis Convention an estimate was ubmitted by Col. Curtis, a skilful engi leer, of the cost of the road to the Pacific, td the cost of the survey. The road can eo made, he thinaks, for eighty nine mil ions of dollars; aud one thousand tuen, no etngineer, with a party being assigned o each onie hundred ilIes, can complete By Last-Night's- Mal. From the Telegiaph, 12th init. LATER NEWS FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE CAMBRIA. The Steamer.Cambria arrived at Hali fax at five o'clock on Thursday afternoon, bringing dates six dgysliter from Liver pool, to the 2fth ut. - LIVERPOOL, Oct. 27. -Up to the time of the Steamer's leaving the general tone of trade was encouraging, abd business afairs presented a.healthy aspect. During. the-early part or the week after. the Hieridl departure ai active demand 'for Cotton continued. On Monday the operations of the F pec ulators-were very heavy-bRying Veely at" - an edvance of from U a id. on all ties sc-rptions The market rlosed with a quiet areudy. f'eelirg. The Cofmitte's official quott* tions are as.follows% Ordinary. t Middling 5 a 61d. Fair Orleans td. The Stock on hand at LiverpoolJs 4. tiiiated at 42.1,000*66lest The sales of tbla w1eek-root up. 62 710 hales.' The 'poaspect of a' eneVal European: War, aising f rom the Turkish quarrel with Russia is now decerasinr. The 'decided stand taken by the Ehglish and .Frbnch Cabinets have occalioned a juspension i the execution of the Czar'a th'rets in h6 event ofra~refasal on the part ot'urkey-o deliver tip fugitives. Nicholas now declaYe*9 -himself. desiroas; of settling the matter, if no bosedemo 0stratin should be made by the4tr pow erm. There is nothiig el'se bf intrist. trom the South Carolinian, 18th inst. ARRIVAL OF THE E.1PIRE CITY. .LATR, FrOM TUE PACIFIC. Baltimore, Nov.,12, The stenmer Empire City arrived at New York yesterday, i3ringing halfamil lion of gold. Three hundred vessels ard in tihe port of' San Francisco-the populii. lion of which is estimated at 100,000 sojUs. Some new and rich placers have been'dis co*ered on the 'Irinity River, where the digge'rs gather $100 a day. The Convention to roras a Constitutioll have unanimously determined that slave shall be forevet prohibited in the Statei. a will free negroes be alldwed to reside in Calif'ornia. All fever has disappeared. The Legislature will neet-ik.Decemrber and elect two Unried States Sehatots. and organize the State Government. Ameri can gold dollats are sellig at 83 each at San Francisco LI OAb AR. REiudzb to CnAIL2, LEsTo,-The Palmetto Danner, says: "The South Carolina Rail Road Com pany, with their accustomed liberality. have reduced the pi:e of tickets one balf, in otder to CtecouiaXe the eountry pe6plb to atitid the great Fair of the South Caroz lina Institut'. Ib'dividuali with article frt the Fair will pay full price goidg do.an and return free; rrom the 16th to the 2fh The dolumbia Telegraph af the ith,V inst., says.: John M. Lahorde, formerly Captain of the College ,Cadets.. was on Snturday last elected Second Lieutenati or the Governor's Guards, wvithontopposi tion -~ PRaIunTs ANp PaiNrso.-J.T.l3nck ingham. esq. in his series of reminiscen ces, int course of publication in the Jlnston Coturier, speaks of the importance of the. printter to the author, as f'ollowsi "Many, w ho condescentd to.illuminate the dark world with the fire of their go eius, through tSe colums of a newspaper, little think o'f the lot .of the printer, who, altnost suffocated by the smoke of a lamp, sits, up till midnight to correct his false grammtar, bad orthogi'aphy, and wvors~ piunctuation. I have seen the arguments of lawyers, in high repute as scholers, sent to the parinter in their own handwri ting. many words-anid especially technic cal and foreign terms-abbreviated, .w,wrd. mispel led, and few or no points, and thois f'ew, if there were any, entirely out .of place. I have seen the sermons "of emi nent 'divitnes, sont to the press without points or capiitals; to designate the divijon of the sentances, aertmons, which if pub lished with the imperfections of the mann script, would disgrace the printer's devil. tf 1e were the author. Suppose they had been so printed. The printer would have been treated with scorn and contempt.as an illiterate blockhtead--as a fellow be:ter fitted to be a woodsawyer than a printer. Nobody would have believed that such gross and 'palpable faults were owtig: to the ignorance or carelessness of the-aue thor. Atnd'no one but the praietia[eprinter knows how many hours a comnijositor, and after hitm a proof-.reader, is-compelled;to spiend in reducing to a readable condition manuecripts that the - writers themselves would be puzzled to read." 4 SEL.L.ine FREE. NEOR:oEs FOR Ca,,t. -A proposition .has . been. suggested by Mr. C. A Wickliffe, isihe Keniucely -Con-. veotion, to substitute,'in lieu of the punish-' ment now imposed on free. negroes foi crimes other that) murder, the penalty, of mxportation, or of being sold again into. bondage. .Mr. WV. .hinks this will have he effect of keeping them out of Kentucky, tnd inducing others to leave the State voj untarily. * Gtzn HOUSE JJURNT.-Just as our paper avas going to press. 'we heard it rumiored hat the gin house of Mr. J1. La. Womaek, f this county, was destroyed by Oreon the ist inst., together with 38 bale. of cotton. hiow tine thte report is we cannot-say. Greenville Alabamian. Soutfl CaROLINA SCcoLPTr.-llr:t ~iills, the American artist, who had been fo some time engaged on the Jaciteon liounment, has succeeded in.moudtintg he 2eneral on the horse which his been so miversally admired.' The.gallant-Chie a ppears in uniform,.resembling thkt whi toe wore at the battle of.New Orleans-an bhose acquainted with the General at tha period, pronounce ..the -likeness -a (capita