- ronithe Chat leston Courier.'
THE MEiMPHI'S CONVENTION..
The Conivention adjourned on the 26th
ul. after a session of four days.
Fourteen States sent delegates, viz:
Pennsylvania. Misouri, Tennessee, Ala
bamna, South Crulinan, Louisiana, Illinois,
Arkansas. Texs, Kentucky, New-York,
Virgin'is,Misissippi, and Georgia. South
Carolina.was reprepeuted by the Hon. J.
A. Wo dwara, D. F. Jamison, and J. F.
The following resolutions was reported
thrugh Lieutenant Maury, from the Gom.
mittee on*- Resolutions and were unani
L Resolved, That it is the opinion of
this Convention that it is the duty of Ithe
General Government to provide, at an
early period, for the construction of a
National Railroad from thv*Alississrppi
River to the Pacific Ocean.
2. Resolved, hat, to facilitate the rc
complishment of this object, in the opinion
of this -conveition, it is the duty of the
General Government to cunstitute an effi
cient and competent c3rps of Euiineers to
make complete exploratious and surveys
of all the rautes that have been designated
by public opinion as proper for the line of
3. Resolved.That, after the proper stir
Veys shall - have been comp'eted, ini the
opinion of this convention, i is the duty of
General 'overnnent to locate the line of
the road ; and. in making tihe location thot
route should be selected which is easiest
of access, bcst calculated to subserve the
purpotes of national defence, most con
veoientto the people of. and as far as
practicable, central to the United Stdtes,
and upon which a railroad can be construct
ed on.the cheapest and best terms.
4. Resolved; That, to carry into effect
the object of .the- first resolution. in the
-opinion of this Convention. the public lands
-of the United States constitute a legitimate
and proper fund.
5. Resolved, That. nfier the construction
of the National Railway tritk from the
Missisippi river to the Pacific ocean, in
'he opinion of this convention. it is the duty
of Congress to aid, by the appropriation of
the National domain, int the construction
of such branch rail roads as will best
connect it with the Northern Lakes, and
the great thoroughfares leading to t1he At
lantic Ocean ; and with such other pointis.
on the Mississippi river, as will connect it
with the lines of improvement completed
or in the course of cottruction-und also
to aid in the construction'of bra. ches from
the main trunk to suitable points on the
Gulf of Mexico, either east or west of the
6. Resolved. That in the opinion of this
convention, it is the duty of the General
Government to provide, under liberole con
ditions, fur a connection between the main
trunk of this National Railroad atd all
railroads now made, or which may here
- after be constructed by the authnrity of the
States and teritories.of the Ut.ion.
Resolved, That as-on important means,
a necessary proliminary to the construction
of a railroad it is the first duty'of Congress
to take the necessary tueasures for the
- &blishment of .nilitaryposts. from the
public and our Indian ronytier to the acific
ocean-thntthtese posts should be establish
ed, itn all proper places, not far distant
from each other, and that civilized and
productive settlements should be eneourag
ed aroutid them, by sales and the grant of
preemption rights of tho public lands to
actualsettlers, and by suchoilher encourage
by these means, amble opportunities may
be ai'orded to our engitneers for the immte
dit uvyand reconnoisance of our p)os
sessions, lyiing betwecen our wvestern antd
southwestern States and the Pacific oceatt,
and so, also, that by these means safe,
practical roads, one or more, with facilities
of travel, tnay be imniediate ly firmed fur
our citizents and( for the transportation of
troops and mounitions of wvar, &c., across
* ~ our ow-n.territories, from the Atlantic to
the Pacific shores, tand in order that our
Government may fu!fiH ts treaty stipula,.
- that, in their opinion, it would be highly
advantageous to the commerce of this coun.
try, and add greatly to its political power
- and influence, if an immnediate connection,
by railroad or cantal, 'could be obtained
between the Gulf of Alexico atnd the Pa
- - - cifie ocean. iBlany projects of greater or
less promise, for the purpose of construct
ing the necessary works to complete such
a communication have beetn tf late agitat
tedl, and without, in the present state of
our knowledge upon0 the sutbject, pretend
ind to decide upon their relative merits,
they beg leave to recommend the adoption
* of the following resolution:
Resolved, That while the contemplated
Railroad across the continent is beinia con
structed, a present communicatiion beitween
the States of this Union anid the A merican
and Asiatic coasts of the Pacific oceatt, is
of vast importance,to every portioin of this
country; that such commutication can be
- - obtained by ship canal or Railroad across*
the Isthmus of Tehiuanter.ce, Nicaragua
or Panama, or across them all, whlich
Railroads or canals may be constructed by
- . private etnterprise, ttnd this ctovention, ini
order to encourage the untdertaking and
completion of such works, recomomenid the
* passage of a la w, liy the Congress oh thel
-United States, directing the Postmaster
Getteral, Secretary of the Navy, to malke
annual contracts for the transpoirtation of
the government, from the Attantic to the
- . - Pacific posts of the country, by the shortest,
speediest and chteape.st route.
The committee on resolutions, to wvhich
was referred the resolution that declares
T~Lhat, ih the event of the appropriation
by Congress of a cotnsiderable portioni of
-.-the proceeds of -the public lands to the con
structiott of a Railroad from the Mississippi
-river to the Pacific ocean. that, at the same
titme, liberal appropriations of the public
lands, lying within the limits of the States,
* shbould be- made to aid theta respectively
in theis works of Internal Improvement,"'
have had.' the' same under consideration
and have inistructed ame to'report :that the
claim of the States is equitable, becatuse
the lands of the Uttited States wvithin the
State bear no charges:fo'r local' improve
ment, nor for the expenditure of tiue State
sources of fexpenditure." They therefore
recommend the adoption of the resolu
. Resolved, That, in the event ofthe ap
propriation by Congress of a considerable
portion of the public lands, or of the pro
ceeds thereof, to the construction of a:rail
ro'ad from the Mississippi river to the Pa
cific Ocean, liberal appropria'iona of tie
public lands, tying within ihe limits of the
respective States, should be made, to aid
themn in the construction of their works of
The following additional resolution wai
adopted. -with tremendous applause":
"Resolved, That, in the present state o
our know ledge, we reel warranted in re
cgnending to the particular bnention o
the General Government for examination
as a possessing special advantages, the
route commencing at San Diego, on 'he
Pacifc Ocean, crossing the Colorado ofaihe
Vest, running along the Gila iiver, - or
near it, in a direction of the Post del Norte
and thence across the State of Texas It
its northeastern boundary, het.ween the 32
and 33 degrees of north latirude, termina
tiog at some point on the Mississippi be.
tween the mouth of the Ohio river and the
mouth of Red river."
The following Committee of Seven was
nppointed by the Paerident to -memorialize
Congress. viz: J. B. D. DeBow, or Lou
i4ana: Absalorn Fowler, of Arkansas:
James C. Jones, of Tennessee , John R.
Strother.-of Missoori ; J. F. G. Mittag, o
South Ciarlina ; C. C.,'5ills, of Texas
G. S. Yerger, of Mississippi.
SUFFE RINGS OF GOLD-SEEKERS
Tne following letter, says the New York
Tribune, written by a gentleman long a
resident of this citl, bit now in California
may he relied upon as being a truthful
statement. as tite wtitter is well and favo.
rably known to a large portion of our mos
thorough going business men. .
Woon Mt.r.s,300 milet from
San Franctsco, July 30. .
I am at last in the gold region, and wil
attempt a description of mQ tedious jour
ney here. We arrived at Stocktonu after a
fair passage, remained there a few days
and then started for this place. In coming
here we crossed an arid plain of 32 miles
no vegetable, no shade, no water, except
what we carried with us, and one of the
hottest days I ever experienced. Aftei
taking on each of our backs some 60 or 7(
pounds. and filling a little key with water,
some fifecn of. us started in company.
Tlhe first day we madIeabout 13 miles, and
then laid down to rest our exhausted fratnes
on the ground, with but a single blanket
each for covering. The second day we
travelled but ive miles in the morning and
five or six in the eveniog. This d1y a man
by the name of Hunt, from Massachusetts,
gave out and could go no further. As he
was out of water, I let him wet his. lips
with nfine, and aome otheri-did the same,
but all we could do to revive. him,,proved
unavailing, lie was determined' to die,
and we, to save our owh' lives, were ob
liged to leave.him as our stock of water
was getting very short.. We had some 12
-or 15 miles to travel before'we came to a
river.y- I never shall forget that scene.. of
.leavitgth'at poor man to dieon the hiarren
*The next dany our'waier'as reduced ta
a fetw diops. A t 11 o'clock the sun wvas
pourin;; down with unheard of intenisity,
and not a breath uof air stirrihg, whena
.another v'ery fine young mantifrom New
Hamshire, whtom I had formed quite an
attachment for on or short acIjaintance,
and when we wvere within seven or eight
miles of the river, as near as we could
judge, wilted right down under the sun and
could go no further. All was done thtat
could be d'one to arottse hitn to) action, but
without efl'ect; I gave the poor fellow a
few drops, and stuch a scene as presented
itself wihent we were about to leave him I
hope never to wit ness again, lHe' drew
me down to te ground,.and kissing me.
said-" 0. God ! catn you leave me here to
die alone.'" I told him to keep up cour
age, that we would go to the river, where
there wa's a tent, and that we wvould rig up
somtnohing to carry him on, and would be
back as soon as possible; so wve bid him
good bye and started. l'ore we reached
thte river I felt tmyself as if I must surely
fail, but I knewv if I gave up at all it was to
die, and when such thotbghts carite over
mte, I would arouse as from a sound. sleep.
I never experieoced such feelings. II think
death from heat or exhaustion would be an
easy one. Ilefore we got to the river two
more dropped, but the survivors could do
nothing for thtem, but were obliged to
press forward toward te rtver in order to
satve their own lives. We at last came
in sight of the long looked for river, and
such feeling of joy as we experienced 1
wsill not attempt to portray.
A fter replenishing,a little, we procured
three mules and wenat back for our friends.
I was in htopes to find the one whto dropped
first, alive, but wvhen I arrived and jumped
ofT'the mule, I found a handkerchief over
his face, I raised it; he lay as 1though
asleep,,wsith his hands crossed on htis breast,
but'he was qutite dead. We put him on
a mule, and one of the other two was so
weak that he could not sit alone, and so
we trudged back to the tent; found an Indi
an blanket sewed him np in it, and buried
him. I staid at the river two days to re
crtuit, then came to this ptlace. There is
one other route to cross this plain, where
there is water in one place, but we got on
the wrong road.,
XNDtANs IN TExAs--The Hlousten Tel
egraplh learns by letters from Catnanche
P'eak, a.ttading tost on the Brazen, that
the Indians visiting that place profess
warm friendship to the wvhites and are not
disposed to resume hostilities. They still
entertaiu the opinion that tbey have a right
to make war on the Mexicans,.and seem
to consider them at tributaries on whom
thtey are pr'ivileged to levy contributions.
Thte Telegraph estimates the number of
horses anid mules annually stolen from the
Mexicans, at five thousand. -The bufTalo
havinag becomte scarce it is considered
doubtful whether the various indian tribes
could subsist without the stolen cattle.
Many of them live eon horses flesh during
a large portion of the year. Tite Tele
graph suggests that an appropriation of
$50,000 to supply the Indians ithe food
and clothing would serve a bettem purpose
thont two thoandn troops on our frnier.
EDGEFI E LD C H
W EDNESDAY. NoVEMBE 14,*.jB49.
97 Thealsence*of- the Editor, m-tu still be
our apology for meagre
MEYWe ate authorid' ate- t an ad
dress, will be delivered in the M ethed jChurch
by MR. Jous G. Bowuai, on Tempi Dce, onl
Tuesday eve,ning the 20th jilst.
At ADDRESS deliversd before the TERARY
SOCIETlEs of EnsxEz CoL..6, . P., at the
annual commencement, held oa'S ptemb%r
19,1849. By Hom'FRACIs W. P 1191S.
We have 'received a copy of-th& boye ad
dress, and call the attention of our re . ng pub
lie, to this able and lucid exhibitiin otolassicaih
philosophical. mural and revtaled4 ciocz
The Baptist State- ConVent[oO.
It will be seen by advertisement in to-dafs
paper, that this body will convene at'the Bap
tist Church in this place on Saturday'before the
2nd Lord's day in December of-the present
We would invite particular attei6on W- the
advertisement of aR. NIcHoLs, whih will
appear in another column. fi. N i gentle
man of high.attainmer:ts and expepuence in tlis
branch of education. From the specess which
has attended his efforts in other places, we com
mend, with the utmost confidence-to his care
the fair daughters of our land.- We hail with
pleasure, the great advantages which'are being
proffered to the people of .ur District, of secu
ring to our daughters the best of legacies-a
thoroughfemale education. If we ate to-have
an enlightened posterity, if we wishourzonsto
be virtnous, brave, honorable, wise and--indus
trious, only educate the m:Ahers. and, they, as
did the Roman Matron, will point to their sons
as their jewels. To:suihjewels would Caroli
na deli-lht to commit her future bonor and
LF We would alsio, while tnktng of our
daughters, not forget our sons. Werpjoice
that the Trusteesof our 11ale-AcIdemy, have
obtained the services of 31n. Jouuilf, to take
rharge of this Institution, for thi"succeeding
year. The best advantages; being;secured by
the Trusteeq of both the above iiititutions, we
indulge tho hope that they WilO jiberally
We publish aVynopsis,of tK - f
the 5lemphis Conv'enti'll d on
as they disclos'e the vev .d itelli
gent body of men, o ~ ant nationali
question-viz: i- dements, by the
dencral Go'oenii .di be seen that four
teen States, were do-:ted in t' e Conven
tion, v:z: Pennsyhv: ,a. \issouri, Tcnnessec,
Alabama, South ;ar.,hna, Louisiatn, Illinois,
Arkansas, Texas, Kentneky, NowiYork, Vir..
ginia, Mississippi, and Georgia.
Gov. Towna's liessage.
This is a doctumenat truly Southern in spirit,
and must commend itself irrespective of party,
to every true hearted Georgian. llis excellen
cy, after tonching upon varions local mattel.,
gives a brief, but strong summary bf.the various
wrongs, insulta and injuries inflicted on the
South, and concludes in the folloiving spirited
and sensible remarks :
"This is an epitome of the wvrotag perpetra
ted upotn us. Is it true or false ? H1ave tnt
several of the Northertn States passed laws pro
hibitinug onr citizetns from reclaiming~their fugi
tive slaves? Have they not, time and again
refused to deliver on the demand of the Execu
tive authority of the Southern States, fngitives
fronm justice charged with negro steating?i
These are suubbo'rn fitcts that should dome home
to alL Robbed of your slave proper, without
the po.wer of redress, opposed bbrute force
in asserting your rights, your crimtinal laws vio.
hated, your soveteigntty outraged, your .peace
atnd nuiet disturbed, your goodT namtd defanied,I
and hastly you are told. by way. ofginug pointi
and ianguisha to the feelinig of 1iis already
inflicted, that you are not to partie pte on eqnal
terms wvithi the other States of the niont, in the
comtinon property ofall.
Is it, Rtepresentatives, for this, -that our fath
ern stiuglted in deadly conflict?. Was it for
such an Union as this. thtat tha sages and patri
ots, many of whom breasted the storm of-the
Revoltution, formed the constitutional compact ?
Was it designed that the States should not I
have the power of deciding, each for itself,
whlat shonuld, or should not, beproery-or ,
was it intended that any party or acton in
this country, whether Free-soil, si-kilown ty
any other name, might violate the tost vital
provision of the constitution, so far as the South
is concerned, with implunity?i Feeling as [ do, I
the incalculable value of the Unsion, in that
purity of equality handed down to us by -the
great apostles of liberty that formed it; enter-(
taining with ardor att sincerity,.aifepling of
horror at all attempts by one seetion of the
Union to violate the rights of arxitf~er; and
cherishing the -spirit of litberty aind equality,
actual and positive in government, above and
far beyond unecqual laws and odious opp'ression, I
I may be permitted here to restlir'i the-senti-t
ments with which I went before the People of c
the State, in the late election,-as containing my
opinioni that fprther aggres-sion'i.p.not to be en-. c
dured by the Federal Go,vernmaent, must be -
repelled. all amicable tmeans bein first exhaus-.
ed, by all the power, moral andjilyaical, at the '
commnand-of this State.
With the confident beliefthat.the opintions I
here expressei, accord stric,tlywith those of the
great body of oturconastituenits, feeh it May dtity r
to ask of you the passage oftan at.nvestung the
*Executive with the authority to'convokela con
ventio of.the people of the Stats to taliu into
consideratr-" 'lie measures proper for, their
safety and -' rvation,in the event ofthie pas
sage of the Wilmot Piro.viso, or other kindred I
measure, by the Congress of the United States. I
Rehyitng upon the purity of our mootives, and(
feeling deeply impilrE.ssed with the magniitude of c
the duties that devolved tupon us, let ::s-be ever
atindful that outr strength iind capacity foi~ use
fulness come alone from that -Beitik;.hose riavor.
is success, whose aid is omnmpotence.
From the Sunth Garolinien.
WINDING UP THE BANK.
[Br REQUEST] -
In considering the question of recharter,
another argument has heen greatly relied
on by the.advocaies of the Bank. It has
been urged that the agricultdre, the com
merce, and the manufactures of the State.
would sustain a severe check were the ac
commodations now extended to those
branches of business vy the Bank of the
We have shown in a previous number,
that the utmost. range of accommodation
ihat could be claimed as extended .to the
agriculturial interest was $3.458,462 26.
And that amount, there can be no doubt,
is the double of what can, with truth. be
brought to the debit of the agricultural in
terest. It comprises all that can he charg
ed to all-those engaged in the industrial
pursuits of the country individually, with
the exception of foreign exchanges $29,
668 96, domestic exchanges S40,753 08,
ant drafts in trahsitu $8,002 61, which,
added to.$3,458.463 26, makes 83,536,
B88 11 as the entire amount of the transac
tions of the Bank with all of those who
are engaged in carrying on the business of
the countrv. Ncov, we have shown that
the lands aud negroes of the States were,
at a moderate valuation, worth $282,616,
800 00. We have no means at hand for
ascertaining the value of the rest of the
property within our limits. and therefore
shal not pretend to make even an approxi
ma it to an estimate. But, if we put
down the entire aggregate value of the
property of the people of South Carolina
at the above amount, it will be seen at a
glance how very inconsiderable the agency
nf the Bank must be in giving vitality and
and activity to the entire mass of business.
That it contributes its fair share of the
business of the country is not denied. But
that share is very much overstated. when
it is pretended that stagnation and disiress
must ensue to many branches of that
business when the day shall arrive for
finally winding up the affiairs of that Bank.
It can scarcely be possible that the leading
interest of the country are on so unstable a
footing, as not to bear, almost scathlebs,
the gradual withdrawal of loans. bearing
such a relation as this to the aggregate
value of those interests. There can he
no reasonable doubt that all interests will,
in due time, accommodate themselves to
that withdrawal, without either thock or
But even supposing, for the sake ofargu.
ment, that it should result somewhat other.
wise, then we say let it be even so. For
we hold it to be our du y to abide by our
principles, whatever the immediate tem
porary consequences may be. We have
proclaimed to the world our advocacy of
the principles of free trade. If there lhe
any truth in the secret history of the free
irade triumph in Great Britain, the ze;,lous
fervor and intelligence of that advocacy
by us ministered not a little to-that tri
umph. And in thus proclaiming, we de
clared our hostility to governmental mon
opolies and governmental favors. It was
not simply that Congress had no right under
the Conslikution, but that it was impolitic
and unjust to protect.or favor any set of
interests b le-islatin- We took -the:fn
jrmiiirrr _,m. _
were the source of all production. Ta
it was best to leave it to the sagacity of
those possessed of labor andi capitl to de
termtne as to the channels in which they
should be employed. And that it was no
part of the busintess of governmetr, as
understood among us, to-determine upon
those channiels, to court them (labor and
capitah) into one channel, or to divert theta
rom others. That it was for each citizen
ro determine for himself as to etmployment
ror himself or his capital ; to choose the
profitless. That it was corrupting anid
~very way of very evil tendency that the
:iizen should be taught to look to gov
~rument for aid and support to his private
We say, then, if it be irrefragibily true
hat government cannot rightfully, by di
-ect legislation, aid or cnntrol the employ
nonts of labor or capital, it is not the less
rue that it carinot do so by the establish.
ntent of a Bank. We say the establish.
nent of a Bantk of the State is a violation
if the cardinal principles of free trade.
Lor it must (unless it is a switndling con
:ern, whtich is not for a moment to be su p.
yosed.) be founded upnn something of
ttual value, which has ben drawn fr-wn
hto people by taxation. And its objets is
o fecundate certain branches of business
it the expense of the great body of tax
>ayers. Its ad vocates declare that without
ts favors those branches of busines must
angruish and droop, if not be annihilated.
['hat they are the objects of State favor
id State patronage. And so said and so
ay the iron masters of Pennsylvania and
hte wvoollen and cotton manufacturers of
fewv England. But free trade says lais
ez nousfaire-mintd your business and we
vill mind ours-if etnployment is tnot suf
iciently profitable, change it ; do not ex
rect Peter to make good the losses of Paul.
kud free trade will equally say tto the far
ners and plan ters, the merchants and man
facturrers of South Carolina, if it be a
set that you cannot dispense with the
lank of the State-that you cannot in 6
r 7 or 10 or 12 years even accommodate
'ourselves to the withdrawal of 83.500.
00 of loans, but insist upon it that you are
ntitled to that amount of State, or which
Snearly 'the some thing. State Blank pat
onage, you are inconsistent in reoroaching,
a grounds of policy, your neighbors of
iennsylvania and New England in set ting
p similar claims against the people of the
If then we maintaIn the equity and poli
y of sust aining by State patronage. admin
iered through a B3ank, any of the diver
ified interests of our people, we must read
ackwvards 'all of the constitutional and
.olticoeconomical lessons that we have
e.en learning for the last 25 years: we
inst renounce a faith which hundreds and
housands.of us wvere ready to seal with
But we have showni that the con:inuance
f this Bank is not indispensable to the
irosperity of the planters and farmers, the
merchants and manufacturers. -of South
Jarolina ; and it is not true that they have
eparted frm the fui th:. Z.
The average yearly salary of teachers
m the national schools of Ireland is ?18
bomt 8801 -
SutPwarEc.-Captain Barstow, ortine
ship Gondar arrived a. this port last-night,
reports having fallen in with the wreck of
a vessel, the Triceic. of Maiu, off Cape
Hatteris, "on The 22d October, ou-board
of which was the body (if a man who had
apparently heen dead sofno ten days. In
addition to the particulaIrs to be found un.
der the head of our Marine news, the let
ter iherein referied to, has been subinitted
to our inspection, by Capt. Barsiow. It
is a 'good deal . defaced, but eDough of it
is ler to indicate its general contents. It
is signed by Jeremiah Gra:e, and address.
ed to Richard Grace, of larrington, as the
father of tile writer, and was probably
written by the deceased. its date is the
14th of August, 1349. It speaks of hav.
ing sailed 11rnm Savaunah some time, pre
vious, the Captain, ate, and "-Haskill"
all sick duriug the passage tu Wilmington.
There was an old silver tvatch found in the
berth-with the letter, but it was.sb ruste,l
as to be valueless. Capt. Berstow, how
ever, retains it in hope that it nay serve
to identifythe owner. The letter will be
sent by mail to Mrs. J. G. Barstow, or
New Castle, Alaine, where the frieuds of
the writer can fiad it. *
The papers at Wilmington,North Caro.
liona, and sotte of the Boston papers are
requested tit notice the circumstance.
A Goon I1DA SUCCEISFULLY CA RRIED
OuT.-The Foundry of Messrs. Gilmore,
Burton & Co. is now nearly in full blast
and the necesiary buildings required for
extensive operations. in course of. rapid
completion. We are glad to learn that
our enterprising fellow-citizens have every
prospect of reaping a rich reward for their
energy and foresight. and are already busy
with small jobs which, they turn out in
most workmanlike manner. We witness
ed "a casting" yesterday afternoon-that
would have don credit to any establih
ment-of several wheels for the Salada
Factory, atnd other small articles. In
every single instance the success wascom
plete-ad the work of the mdst finished
quality-proving that the understand, their
The process is a very interesttng, though
short and simple one, and all who'have
never %fitnessed a casting would do well
to take a look at it. 'When their ar
rangements are completed. oir Columbia
Foundry will be able to do all the woik in
that line that may be needed in this part
of the country-which will keep much
silver at home, as well as other metuls,
now sent abroad.
As Millwright and Engineers, they will
bring into this place much work h itherto
done in Charleston and elsewhere. "A
few more of the same sort" only are need -
ed to make Columbia what 'her natural
advantages entitled her to be,-a. much
more important place than she has ever
been. *"There's a good time a coming."
so "wait a little longer, boys !' who dream
TExAs.-The Galveston Civilian or the
251h ult. say.: The Brazos was full to
the top banks, at Washington, by the last
accounts. It is in fine navigable order.
The steame Washington, with her con
s?rt. will.hereafter run regularly onhat
The sugar planters are busy in redtucing
their cane to sugar, ad we are informed
that the yield is abundant, while most of.
tite planters are produtcintg an article supe..
rior to the pindluct of anv past season.
The Civiliah, of the 23d inst., says that
there will be a large emigratio'n from Ger
many to Texas thii seasona. Eight vessels
were soon expected to,arrive from Bremen
and other ports. such bringing at least one
LADlEs IN MAI.E ATTtRE.-The ladies
of Philade-lphia are rapidly adopting thae'
male habiliments of dress. The Spir it of
the Times says:
Thtey now wear standing collars, and
thte'girls readily supply themselves from
their brothers' assortment. We saw one
or two ladies in the streets yesterday,
witht collqrs so stiff' thtat they could not
turn their heads to lonk round at thteir
beauq, and we are told that a lady's ear
wvas fannd in the Walanut street Theatre,
yesterday mortting, evidenaly cut olf y the
too great stiftness of the standing collar of
some o.ne in the fashionuable crowd of the
Tax TEA CULUREva in A aratcA.
The New York Tributne has late advices
inom thte Tea plnantation of Mr. Junius
Smtith, at Greenville, South Carolina.
Hlis plants are itt blossom, and as heatlthy
mnd flonrishing as thaose of China at the
same stage of growth. Everything looks
'avorable, and Mr. Smith feels abundatnt
ly encouiraged. He expects to place fresh
ea on the tee tables of London and Patris
in twventy days from his platntation. He
has a large number of plants, and tea seed
mtought for a half millon more. - The
Black descriptions blossomed some time
ince, anl lately the Green plant descrip
ions have also blossomed. Mr. Smith
is collecting about hi-n qutite a force of
aborers, having recently sent to the North
or abotut tweanty hands. IHe has also
nade very successful elThrts to grow the
ig and altmond. H is next year's crop will,
e quite an important one. Should Mir;
.tsucceed in introduciug the growth of the
ea plant into the United States, Ite will
~erainly deserve a statue of gold and the
ratitude of the whole country.
The very wildest and most incorrigible
fhbad hoh-es, was suddenly tamed in Bos
on the other day, by simply taking a cord
omutt the size of a common lbed cord. pot
ing it in the mouth of the horse like a bit,
tad tying it tighttly on the top of the ai
al's head, passing his left ear utnder the
tring, not painafully tight, but tight enotugh
o keep the ear dtown, and the cord in its
ilace. The horse obeyed, perfectly sub
lued, end as gentle and obedient as a well
rained dog. This is worth knowing.
CosT OF THY. PAc.trte RArLnean.-At
he St. Louis Convention an estimate was
ubmitted by Col. Curtis, a skilful engi
leer, of the cost of the road to the Pacific,
td the cost of the survey. The road can
eo made, he thinaks, for eighty nine mil
ions of dollars; aud one thousand tuen,
no etngineer, with a party being assigned
o each onie hundred ilIes, can complete
By Last-Night's- Mal.
From the Telegiaph, 12th init.
LATER NEWS FROM EUROPE.
ARRIVAL OF THE CAMBRIA.
The Steamer.Cambria arrived at Hali
fax at five o'clock on Thursday afternoon,
bringing dates six dgysliter from Liver
pool, to the 2fth ut. -
LIVERPOOL, Oct. 27.
-Up to the time of the Steamer's leaving
the general tone of trade was encouraging,
abd business afairs presented a.healthy
During. the-early part or the week after.
the Hieridl departure ai active demand
'for Cotton continued.
On Monday the operations of the F pec
ulators-were very heavy-bRying Veely at" -
an edvance of from U a id. on all ties
The market rlosed with a quiet areudy.
f'eelirg. The Cofmitte's official quott*
tions are as.follows%
Ordinary. t Middling 5 a 61d.
Fair Orleans td.
The Stock on hand at LiverpoolJs 4.
tiiiated at 42.1,000*66lest
The sales of tbla w1eek-root up. 62
The 'poaspect of a' eneVal European:
War, aising f rom the Turkish quarrel with
Russia is now decerasinr. The 'decided
stand taken by the Ehglish and .Frbnch
Cabinets have occalioned a juspension i
the execution of the Czar'a th'rets in h6
event ofra~refasal on the part ot'urkey-o
deliver tip fugitives.
Nicholas now declaYe*9 -himself. desiroas;
of settling the matter, if no bosedemo
0stratin should be made by the4tr pow
erm. There is nothiig el'se bf intrist.
trom the South Carolinian, 18th inst.
ARRIVAL OF THE E.1PIRE CITY.
.LATR, FrOM TUE PACIFIC.
The stenmer Empire City arrived at
New York yesterday, i3ringing halfamil
lion of gold. Three hundred vessels ard
in tihe port of' San Francisco-the populii.
lion of which is estimated at 100,000 sojUs.
Some new and rich placers have been'dis
co*ered on the 'Irinity River, where the
digge'rs gather $100 a day.
The Convention to roras a Constitutioll
have unanimously determined that slave
shall be forevet prohibited in the Statei. a
will free negroes be alldwed to reside in
Calif'ornia. All fever has disappeared.
The Legislature will neet-ik.Decemrber
and elect two Unried States Sehatots. and
organize the State Government. Ameri
can gold dollats are sellig at 83 each at
LI OAb AR. REiudzb to CnAIL2,
LEsTo,-The Palmetto Danner, says:
"The South Carolina Rail Road Com
pany, with their accustomed liberality.
have reduced the pi:e of tickets one balf,
in otder to CtecouiaXe the eountry pe6plb
to atitid the great Fair of the South Caroz
lina Institut'. Ib'dividuali with article frt
the Fair will pay full price goidg do.an
and return free; rrom the 16th to the 2fh
The dolumbia Telegraph af the ith,V
inst., says.: John M. Lahorde, formerly
Captain of the College ,Cadets.. was on
Snturday last elected Second Lieutenati
or the Governor's Guards, wvithontopposi
PRaIunTs ANp PaiNrso.-J.T.l3nck
ingham. esq. in his series of reminiscen
ces, int course of publication in the Jlnston
Coturier, speaks of the importance of the.
printter to the author, as f'ollowsi
"Many, w ho condescentd to.illuminate
the dark world with the fire of their go
eius, through tSe colums of a newspaper,
little think o'f the lot .of the printer, who,
altnost suffocated by the smoke of a lamp,
sits, up till midnight to correct his false
grammtar, bad orthogi'aphy, and wvors~
piunctuation. I have seen the arguments
of lawyers, in high repute as scholers,
sent to the parinter in their own handwri
ting. many words-anid especially technic
cal and foreign terms-abbreviated, .w,wrd.
mispel led, and few or no points, and thois
f'ew, if there were any, entirely out .of
place. I have seen the sermons "of emi
nent 'divitnes, sont to the press without
points or capiitals; to designate the divijon
of the sentances, aertmons, which if pub
lished with the imperfections of the mann
script, would disgrace the printer's devil.
tf 1e were the author. Suppose they had
been so printed. The printer would have
been treated with scorn and contempt.as
an illiterate blockhtead--as a fellow be:ter
fitted to be a woodsawyer than a printer.
Nobody would have believed that such
gross and 'palpable faults were owtig: to
the ignorance or carelessness of the-aue
thor. Atnd'no one but the praietia[eprinter
knows how many hours a comnijositor, and
after hitm a proof-.reader, is-compelled;to
spiend in reducing to a readable condition
manuecripts that the - writers themselves
would be puzzled to read." 4
SEL.L.ine FREE. NEOR:oEs FOR Ca,,t.
-A proposition .has . been. suggested by
Mr. C. A Wickliffe, isihe Keniucely -Con-.
veotion, to substitute,'in lieu of the punish-'
ment now imposed on free. negroes foi
crimes other that) murder, the penalty, of
mxportation, or of being sold again into.
bondage. .Mr. WV. .hinks this will have
he effect of keeping them out of Kentucky,
tnd inducing others to leave the State voj
Gtzn HOUSE JJURNT.-Just as our paper
avas going to press. 'we heard it rumiored
hat the gin house of Mr. J1. La. Womaek,
f this county, was destroyed by Oreon the
ist inst., together with 38 bale. of cotton.
hiow tine thte report is we cannot-say.
Soutfl CaROLINA SCcoLPTr.-llr:t
~iills, the American artist, who had been
fo some time engaged on the Jaciteon
liounment, has succeeded in.moudtintg he
2eneral on the horse which his been so
miversally admired.' The.gallant-Chie
a ppears in uniform,.resembling thkt whi
toe wore at the battle of.New Orleans-an
bhose acquainted with the General at tha
period, pronounce ..the -likeness -a (capita
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