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"ive will .ling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Liberties, and if it must al, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
VOLUIE XIV. S3 MIID% O%0T NO. 46. PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY B Y W11. F. DURISOE. P R 0 P R I E T O R: _- Iil' TERM." T" o DOLLARS and FtFTt CEtCTS, peranumin if paid in advancc--$3I fnot paid within six months from the date of suhscription, and $4 if not paid before the expiration of the year. All subscriptions will be continned, unless other-vise ordered before the expira tion of the year ; but no paper will be dis continued until all arrearnaes are paid, un less at the option of the Publisher. Any person procuring five responsible Sub scribers, shall receive the paper for one year, gratis. ADVKRT:s'ETS conspicnonstytnsertedat75 cents per square. (12 lines, or less,) for the first insertion. and 37. for each contintance. Those published monthly or quarterly, will be charged $1 per square.. Advertisements not having the number of insertions marked on them, will ba continued uutil ordered out and charged accordingly. Communications, post paid, will be prompt lv and strictly attended to. Revolutionary Soldiers. A glorious race they were-the, tried, . The true of ancient tie . Onr glorious sires, who bled and died For this our own free clime. Oh ! hallowed be each sacred name, That fearless to the conflict catue, And freely on the battle plain Poured out their blood like drops of rain. Few are the sculptured gifts of art, A Nation's love to tell; And many a braee and gallant heart Hath mouldered where it fell. The spiry maize luxuriant waves Its long green leaves o'er heroes graves; And thoughtless swains the harvest reap, Where our stern Fathers' ashes sleep. But after years the tale shall tell, In words of light revealed, Who bravely fcuglt-who nobly fell; And man3 a well earned field. Outspread beneath the Westernstn, Shall live with ancient Marathon, And Trenton's fight. and Princeton's name, Be linked with old Platea's fame. But the surviving few who stand A remnant weak and old Sole relics of that glorious h:nd Whose hearts were hearts of gold. Oh! honored be each silvery hair! Each furrow trenched by toil and care; And sacred each old bending f rn, Th:at braved ti,pte. iun's battle storm. THE MINISTIER AND TIlE BOY. A farmer killed a sheep, ard accordion to country custom, sent his son John to the minister's house with a fine shoulder of the mutton as a prese.t. It was a rather long walk, and when John arrived at the par son's door he felt a little "tuckered out." He pulled the bell--no one appeared, He immnediately repeated the summons. with no better success. Then he tried the, door, and finding it unfastened, went di rectly to the kitchen, dumped the meat upon a table, and was passing hrough the entry on his way out, n% hen through a half opened door, he percieved the man of God at his table busily eng;ted in writing. Now this John was a nice boy-a good shrewd fellow at a trade, but without cul. ture-rough as a pudding-stone, whereas. on the contrary, the minister was a gentle man of much refinement-instinctively po lit. eo when John, bia hands rammed into the pockets of a greasy bilue frock, an old heaver hat cocked rather sharply on his head, while his btig round faice glowed .. with the exercie- he hatd ondergotne, burst in upon him bowling out. "There's a shoulder o' mut ton in yender for ye-f aither sent it," he felt, to saty the least, a little shocked. Laying down his pmen, he sait! to the boy, who sio'ad staring an him wit h a pair of blue eyes as large as old fa'shionedl saucers, "John, you are rather rode; you should cultivate better matnners, and be less noisy. Is this the way you generally do your errands ? Let tme show you how I should presenit the mutton. Sit here in may chair ; I will go ret ch the meaut, and you shall hear what I will s;ay." Down sat John in the comnfortable chair, where, spreading l.is cowvhide hoots out otn the carpet, ho waitced his first lessoni ini good breeding. Presently he heard a light tap at the door-" Oh, do..'t stand there a knocking." cries John, "cen in, will ye!" The minister entered the roomr looking as meek ris Moses, and hotding the mutton in hand fur above the carpet. " Good morning. sir," said he, in the balan dest voice imaginable, "a very pleasantl morning. llow is Mrs.--and the babm this morning ?" John itodded a pprovingly. " My father," continued the parson, "lpre sents his compliments to you. atnd begr your acceptatnce of this shoulder of mutton, M'y mother desires to be remembteredl it M,rs. - antd yourself. and ho'pes to hiave ihe pleasture of seeing youm suoti at then farm. Good morninig sir." WVith this the parson turned to leave the rom, whet our hero joined! fromit his chair ar'd fairli screamed out. "Here, here, stop, stoPl. Tell your f.siher I'm very much obleeced tir him. and you're a nice little boy-ant Hmr's a quarter dollar fin r yer." "Why is ihe Great Rus,ian Bear, Nicho las. like a half starved fox I" "Because he's got Hu;mg(a)ry and want Te." FREE AND SLAVE LABOR.--The Al bany Cultivator contains an animated dis cussion between two citizens of the South, as to the comparative value of slave and free labor. "A Southerner" asks whether it would not he more profitable to employ f-ree labor than slave. "A Virginian" from Mathews county answers oositively "There is no labor in this country so cheap as slave labor. There is no labor is this country so well adapted to agric;;l ture, particularly on large farms, as slave labor." In proof of his opinion, "A Virginian" takes the situation of "A Sotherner." who has 800 acres of arable laud divided into four shifts, viz: 200 in curn, 201) in small grain, and 400 in grases-t'cu:ti. vate which would teruire from 15 to 20 field hands. lie supposes, that instead of owning the slaves, w hich is a decided ad vantage, the individual had to hire then; and then enters into the following rnathe matical, and, to our conception, conclusive demonstratton : "Say twenty field hands-men, boys, and women were to be hired. They could be had in Virginia at an average of fifty or sixty dollars per year, depending of course upon the proportion of men to women. The men being worth more. Twenty hands at fifty dollars would cnst $1000 Clothing and taxes 2(10 Food 400 $1600 "There are no physician's bills-to be paid by the hirer, as thef are paid by the owner. "Let us see how it will be in estima ting the cost of free labor. According to the Patent Office Report. which is held as good authority in such matters, field la borers are wor:h in Massachusetts, and several other Northern States. tom 810 to $12 per mouth. We will suppose 16 men to perform as much labor as twenty mixed handa. It will stand thus: 16 hands at $11 per ttontb, being 8132 per year $2112,00 Cost of board, say $50 800,0U Being co;t of free labor $2913.00 Do. of slave labor 1000,00 Difference of cost $1312.00 ,-Thus it will be seen, that free labor - -~~ -nwrm'n'mure than slave labor. where each kind has to ue nmred. tsnt; where the farmer owns the slave on his farm, the dilferenr.e is mtrh more decided ly in favor of slave labor." A GALLANT SOLDtER.-At the funeral honors paid to Worth, Oluncan and Gates. John Van Iuren delivered an oration, in which he related the fulluwiog anecdote of the fortmer: - While General Scott was under char, ges by order of General Jackson. and a court of inquiry was investigating his con duct in Florida. a party of gentlemen met in this city. and after dinner the conversa tint, turned upon the subject of Scott's ser vices. Worth, indignant at the proceeding, was describing the part which Scott took in the battle of Niagara. Ele said that Scott's brigade were advancing, towards evening, under the cover of a wood, from which they were to deploy into the open field ; Scott had already had one horse shot under him, and, as the column were de ploying, his second horss fell, and he be catne entangled under it. The column wavered, and Worth, then his youngest aid. rushing to his assistance, dismounted, and tendered him his horse, snying, "Gene ral. can you mount, the coiutntt falters for a leader'!" Scott immediately mounted, and riding to the head of the column, cried out. "A dvantee tmetn ! ' he nigh t's our o wn," attd WVorth followed Scott, as his aid o:: foot, At this moment a discharge of grape from a single cannotn prostrated Scott, the htorse which he rode, attd his aid, Worth. Scott antI Worth we:'e ittmediately carried to the rear, Scott seriously, atd Worth, as it was supposed. mortally wounded. At. ten)tion was, of course, first pasid to the commtandintg oflicer. After sorme titne a deep) groun wats heard. ap)parently from the adljoining tetnt, and Scot, wittu that forgetlulness of himiself whtich distinguishes htim on stuch occaNoins, begged the siteo to reptair the qnta;rter whtence the sountd proc'eededl, atnd attende, as he said, 'to poor Worth, whlo tmust be dying.' Instead of this, as Worth concluded, 'the cry of agony proceededl fminm my faithfutl dyinig chatrger, who had managed to drag htimnself upotn three legs to thte edge of tny tent, where he htatd lain down to die.' Pausing for a tnotnet, whtile there was hardly a dry eye in the compansy. ho added-' 1 beg your pardon, gentletten, [ find tht, in defentd. ing Gen. Scott, I have heetn incidentally led to describe my own service.' " PoaK TaAOte.-The Lexingtn (Ky.) Observer says; 'lThe pork trade itt Ken tucky is at present very dull,'owing chtelly to the ex;agierated nceounits of the strplus of last year's ptackin'g ntow remainttg tn the large cities of te Uttiou. lThe1 .o *vi lie anvd Ciocinnati packers tnd! sttugh ters are maki, n mre extensi~.ve perpara, units for the contg seasont titan usual, bit will as yet mtake no engragemnents. Int consequtence of this sato of the case. the IKetitucky hog-feeders who have fed for an ealier tmarket than they commonly I do, will be drivetn to Southtertn market. Mrs. Partington being late at a strange church. otntered as the contgregation were -risitig from prayer. "La !" said shte. courtesying, "d.nt raise on my account." S -- - Fidelityv is the sister ufjuatina. GOVERNOR'S 1IESSAGE. EXFCUTIVE DEPARTMFN.T, Nov. 27, 1840. To the Honorable the Speaker and Members of the House of Representalites: GKNTLF.IMEN: You are assembled under circumstances, in many respects, peculiar ly favorable to considerate and sound legis, lation. The year which is closing has been distinguished in a very remarkable legree for the general health of our citi cens. From the pestilence which has con 9igned to Ibe tomb so many thousands of the people of otter parts of our. common country, South Carolina has been entirely :empt. Evan to those sections of the State in whirh manlariatn diseases in sum mer not unfreqently occur, Providence has extetded the arm of mercy. For this 3inal blessing, so widely dilused, may we hope that a decp and ahiding impression of gratitude to the Giver of all good has al ready bee"n made on the public mind. While the earth has yielded an abund tnt increase, our commerce is rapidly ex )anding; manufactures and the ntechanic iris have been muhtiplied and extended; the 3oundary of science and learning has been enlar;ed ; the credit of the State is unsha Ien, and the spirit of the people, lnng de pressed from various causes, is again huoy snt, and would quickly be excited to its tamost energy. if every cause of discontent rrom external sources n%ere permanently removed. FEDERAL RELATIONS. I herewith transmit certain resolutions oh the States of Virgiuia, North Carolina, Florida, and Missouri on the restriction of slavery is the territories of the United States. The opinion of South Carolina on the grave matter at issue has been so repeated ly exnres<ed, that, at its last session, the Legislature unanimonsly declared that the time for discussion by the slaveholding States had passed. and that the General Assembly. representing the feelings of the State, was prepared to co-operate with her sister States in resisting the application of the principles of the Wilmot Proviso to the territory argnired from 1lexico, at any and every hazard. At a convention. also of delegates of the committees of safety. held at this place in May, it was among other things resolved that, in the event of the passage of the Wilmot Proviso, or any rquivalewu mcufe,"tb1e -Goveruor bie re in session, "to consider the mode and mea sue of redress." Concurring in the belief of the titter fu tility of further argumeut, [ shall; uot at. tempt to demonstrate the false position oc cupied hv our antagonists, and the danger to the Uiniotnd themselves, by their in gloriously persi.ting in maintaining it. The enactment of::ny one of the contem plated measures of hostility would proba bly, if not certainly, result in severing the polictical ties that now unite us, but which, in such an event, would no longer serve the elevated purposes for which they wcre designed. Already it is known that the Le islaturcs of Virginia. \lississippi, :,nd South Caroli na, the former by authority of law, and the latter in obediei'ce to the wish of their con stituents, will convene as soon as it shall be ollicially announced that sinister coun sels had prevailed in the legislation of Co,gress. To what specific maode of ac tion the agricultural States will resort, to arrest the career of federal misrule, time alone will develope. To provide that it shall be such as the outraged rights of free men and sovereign communities demand the honor of those commonwealths is irre vocably pledged. Nor may conjecture be indulged concerning the course of conter minous States, having with them a cor, muanity of interest, oaf all'ections, atnd otf fears. The same feeling, only to a greater extent. that would aronse the sluanbering energies of the whole Union to crush for eigna intertne(dding wvith the internal regu lations of the natior., wotuld call furth utnah inity of the Stouth,. to repel a wvantoni at tatck otn their domtestic peace and security. Our associates neetd nu: be reminded tletn that the success of atn attempt, from w-iat ever qturter, to disfranchise any portion of the citizens of this great p)artnershtip o.'co equal suvereignties, andl arhiararily to co,n trol the authorities created lby them,. may properly be classed among tthe poltic.il imx poiihlties of the day. If the stat es werre, in all respects, indo pendetnt powers, the ag:fressionms bf thae North, continuedi and multiplied inidespite of fr-aternul appeals to their juasaici, mag atanimnihy anal etalightened patriotisin. wiould lonag since have maade thenm pracli-ally ac qutainted with wvar and its atten/atnt htor rua-rs, why is it, that the strongest legal safegnards against enacroac-hme its on the rights~ of ftoreitrn n;ationas, ha been so carefully provioed by the Fred4al Governa met, w.ith to assent oh ev 'y party in) wuvwer-whilst to overthrow e contsintt toal b t~ariers, eele b-lly a ommtonat an. rem, "o etabishjusice isu,re,dome libe,r: y to ou rselves anda onet osteri ty,"' the otnoi I tn(lttleo tf lhat ver- gaavPrnintentt unader the stre-.-mf sec-tioaxnal !eograpnta enl aemnbiotioras, is auneen- moly atnd instil tinagly aexertcd ? Ttae t ra atnswer exhti hias a mtelan chtaly view of ht tan natu tre, atal enCtforc:es the ntecessiry fo partvidiaag ather restraainas thant those of parchamenat baonds to confine the central p ver antd its law less abetturs within the prescribeti limtits. In this harassinag e stroversy, rebtatte ont the jnamaent and atritatism of the re flectitng piarti-ti of ona Northern brethtren,. it is utanecessary to gntise, is rapidly dis appearingt. The qa stion sri laong motated is,,r fr..tl.1-... .bo,.. .sCi,,, Coo, solidation is more to be drea1ied than sepa ration. 4lany of the acts of the State assemblies, and the attempted and coutem plated legislation of Conoress against the slaveholding comtruniiy, are destined, if successful, to engraft a principle on our political institutions, fraught with imminent danger to every member of the Republic -to the:North more than to the South ; to both. howyever, in prostrating t he safeguards of all rights, personal, social and political; but to th, former, especially, in arraying labor against capital. If rnaslErs, in violation of the Federal Cons'ittrtipn and laws, may be prevented from. re''vering their fugitive or stolen slaves I ttte transfer of persons and pro perty, exiept under degrading restrictions, be denied;them; what protection for their rights will remain, when the Northern States, by territorial aggrandizement, un warrantubly acquired, shall have secured an undispited ascendancy in the councils of the nation. To force on such a result is now obvinusly the aim of the enemy. and the non.extension of slavery furnishes a plausible p;ea to cover their real design. If the plantation States did not possess one slave, the recirds of the State and federal governmea!e would exhibit substantially the satme-reckless determination to control and regulat.e Southern property ; to exact arbitrarily the proceeds of the labor of the richer, to bb expemted for the benelit of the naturally poorer d:visionof.the Union. In the consummation of so alarming a pur pose, even Southern politicians are unwit. tingly or designedly lending their aid. Party predilections are, in too many in stances, stionger than principles; the high er offices in the gift of a commonwealth sought with less ardor than humble stations at the disposal of federal functionaries; the acts of the States, in which the real in terests of thopeople are involved, are view ed as of subordinate importance', and the guarantees and conpromises of the consti. tution are unadapted to the moral condi. tion and.pulitical advancement of the age. There is bnt one remedy fur the disease that portetds desolation and ruin to our coun'ry, The naintenanee in their origi" nal.purity of the federative principles of the government, each State and every de partment of the federal authorities respec tively confining themselves within their con stitutional orbits, abd. between the States the ei;tinguighmentlif idverse feelings, the 'AIrYteit .. iesiilfe" eMN118fod" Eft i3Ir confederacy cannot he preserved by the people and the General and State Govern mnents, which past and passing events would seem to indicate then the period when the legacy of a common ancestry shall cease to be enjoyed, is already at hand. It remains fur me only to add, that the South has at last been aroused from its criminal lethargy to a knowlege of the dangers of its position. For the first tune in our political history, party alflnities are becoming merged in the higher obligation of co.nperation for the sake of safety, or hr participation in a common fate. Of the two expe'lients advocated by those whose comtnon interests have been assailed, the project of a Southern conven. tion is, in my view, undoubtedly to be pte ferred, where there exists a reasonable certainty of its assembling under sufficient guarantees for united and harmonious ac tion. In the realiartion of this result, we have at least reasonable grounds of assu rance. I tberefore hail with satisfaction the propusit'on of Mississippi, for the con vention of the people of the Southern States. and ardently hope that it will tneet with a wan.r and unanimous respnnse. The paratnunt object is the preservation of the Unioi, in cunfornity to the priu. eiples of tie constitution of the United States. [fthat cannot be attained-which I am willing to believe-then let it be resolved to protect arid defeud, at all hatz ards. the freedom, sovereignty, and itnde pendenice of the mettbers which compose it. In thte latter alternative, shottld so dire a necesity be forced upon the south, it must not1 essay toi pentetrate the future. but at once commit to Gud its cause and its destiny. WVith a siew to seennd and further the becsembraced itn his prompositi ion of our sister St ;te, throtgh the legislative chban tick of nuthority. I suggest thne expediency of empowerinig, by stature, the Geivertnor either to convoke the Legislature, if not in session, or to issue writs of electiont ftor a Convention of the people, should the WVilmnot Proviso, or any kindcred measusmre, all'ecting the rig ht s atnd honor tof the State, receive the formtal enactment of Congress. I would invite your special notice to the offence of introducing and circulating. within our limits papers calcubited to dhis. tetrb the peace of the State; also to the fact oftb~e extensive dlissemtination of highly inflammatory essays anid letters, intended to awaken jealtmusv in the mlindls of our citizens, and of ofi'ensive pictorial repre setnatiios, calculatied to attract the atien io. of the colored population. It is not unfrequently conceded. that every law of Conigress, constitutionally entiel, is of stupretme authority. This is .in error, the existence of which the leg i5lative history of' the Republic, and an accurate pterception of the relations be. t weet the States and their common ageut, satidactorily establishes. The regulation of commierce belongs exclusively to Con cress; yet, by the quairanttina iwa of the States, that power is virtutally atbrogutled. T1he las o f se:veral of thec sou tern states. pro~itibiin, th- in..aress (of coloredl cooks antd 5tev;ard-1 iusto their borders, atre emnbra.. cedi int the same cai:egory. The right of the States to resort to preventive legislation, tu ca5s itivolvinig the security of healt. lire, and property, has been repeatedly re cognised by the General Government. The act of 1803 sustained the law of North Carolina a2ainst the admission of free per sons of color from the West Indies. 'P he State enactments on this subject rest on the principle. that the peace and security of a community are paramount to,ailifortal provisions. and that, in every instance. lessers interests and consideralions of con venienee must yield to the imperious calls of public safety. That to prohibit the circulation of in cendary papers. through the mail. by Congress. is not a granted power; that the first article of the amendments of the con sititutilh puts it beyond the comptency of that hdy to legislate on the matter, tha'. consequeutly, it is among the reserved rights of the States, and one which the South, at least, could never consent to abandon. I hold to be incontrovertible pro positions. Congress and the States are indeed not only~ bound to abstain from all contraventing legislation; but to grant ef fective aid, in certain cases, to any nem her of the Union. The obligation of the former emanates from the constitution; of the latter, from international law, as well as the federal compact. Whatever penal safegnards, therefore, the Legislature may deem it necessary to provide, upholding and securing their en dangered institutions, no human tribunal could rightfully annal or modify. I recommend that the circulation in our limits of incendiary papers, be declared an offence punishatlo with severe and de finite penalties. and that the existing laws he so modified, as effectually to prevent emissaries in the state, by personal efforts, or incendiaries out of the state. from effec ting, through the mail, the accomplishment of theiru efarious schemes. 1'REl SCHOOLS. Ini my Inaugural Address, I directed your attention to the cause of education and learning. Among the various schemes which have been suggested for its mcliora tion and advancement, not one is free from difliculty and embarrassmeut, To the South Carolina College you have extended a generous patronage and parental guar dianship. The amount of intellectual power and mornl energy etnantiting from that source. which has been so signally de veloped in the councils of the nation and state, constitute the highest evideuce of -.... .. t. r ;. . rt M preservttttn or thts nob e nsnttite, in all its vigor and cotrtmanding inlnence, ought not, however, so entirely to absorb atten tino as to control the duty you owe to the people at large. Th.ir mental welfare is worthy of the highest public munificeuce, How may this he most profitably bestcwed, under the disadvantages incident to a sparse population, is a question not easy of solution. Among the manifest errors of our pre, sent system, is the employment of incomn petent teachers. The success of a school depends principally on the character and capacity of the preceptor, Teaching is not only a profession but a science. While of all pursuits, none is more honorable, its responsibilities and the momentous conse quences to the present and future genera tions, inseparable from the administration of its functions, renders the improvement of the instructor's occupation, as far as that object is attainable by legislation, a primary duty of the sovereign authority. By constituting the business of instruetion a separate profession, the two-fuld end is accomplished of securiig its elevation, an.l enlarging and consolidating the influence of the schools upon the community. he purpose of early education is not the ac quisition of mere knowledge, but the prac tical development and strengthening of the mind. Hence the necessity that the mas ter shouldl be well acquatinted with the tem perament antd disposition of htis scholars, and the phmilosopmhy of teachting. Although, perhaps, all other pursuits itn to which society is divitded are well fur nishetd with competent folhttwert, the most im portant-thIat of ascermn taiig atti dis closing the intellectual resoutrces of its mermblers-is but mteagerly provirdea. This arises in part fromt the want of de mamnd for the fittest meu, who again, bty the unalluring pr"opects heltd out bay te Statte, are deter d from embarking in a cause utnstpptor( . by th Itopumitlar will atnd the popualar sympathy. An odeqaae sup. ply of instructtors foir the ttasscs, abtle, faithful, and irreproatchable in character, is urgentily req'tired ; and these should ho inivitedl into the putrsuit by rewatrds folly stdequttte to ithe importance of the services rendecred. '[hle necessity of stich a ptolicy in this coutntry, all other reasons apart, arm ses from the consideration, that tiur chtil dIren oucht to be nott ontly active nmembers of a civilized commumtnity, but ellhicin cit izens of a free governaettt. To( tmnee these requmiremments, 1 recomamend the or ganizatioin o f a separate dep;artmentt in the college for the special p)urpose of quali fyittg a limnitedl number of yotung rmen. graduates tf :he St;ate andI Charleston cmol leges. dtrawtt acco:-ding to some equninbtle rutle frotm dil'erent sections of South Cart,. linta, for the orenpation of tcetc:ing. An other mintde of efTecting this dlesignt, would be the ptledge of an atnnual appromprinmion for am few years to the first three or four in corporated academies, located in the low, middle, atnd upcountrries. founded anrd suc cessfully conducted for thte inmstruteion of toachters; or a similar prtomise to anyt of the existing schools of celebrity, that would provide for and practicamlly execute a course .af tuition itt the attament of that obtject. he exeiec of poiigora su been the subject of Executive -ecommen la'ion. Suct an olicer appears to bb needed, mainly with it view to dissipate existing errors, and perhaps to reconci'e conflict!ng opinions. I recommend that a suitable individuol be selected to astcertaini by personal thserva ion, the discipline and regulations of ttha schools; the mode of instruction; the boks .taught; the cipac ity and general itiess of the teachers; whether the su:ns respectively received by the districts and parishes are adequate tt their wants, and the regular supply of qualified instructors; in fine. to see ehd report the practical operation of the present system, nnd to sugcest such improvements as he might deem valuable. In this way$ more light, it is probable, will be shed bt the subject in two years-the time' to which the agent should be limited-thei the reports of the commissioners have frt. nished 6iuce the organization of the scheme for popular instruction. As strictly germane to the matter ndet consideration, I am constrained to states that suitable elementary works are greatly wanted. if a few of the books in cdmmhol use tend to corrupt the taste of youth, oth ers show the utter unacquaintance of their authors with the philosophy of the miud t moreover, these productions are general'y unadapted to southern pupils. There are many in which the poison of fanaticism in some form is certain to he found. Hatred to our domestic institutions, directly or in directly expressed. is by this means attemp 'ed to be engrafted on the tender and flexi ble mind For the obtainment of piopei- elementa ry booke, of which the Faculty of the col lege shall approve, the Legislature might offer a liberal reward. The public money could not he more judiciously expended. DEAF AND DUMB SCHOOL. In company with T. N.'Dawkins, one of the cotntnissiuiters, I visited, in July,.a. school for the deaf and dumb, at Cedar Springs, Spartanburg. under the superia tendence of N. P. Walker. At that time, the unrher of pupils was eight-five males and three females-of whom seven were teneficiaries, and one pay scholar. Al though the institutiun was not opened un til the 221 of January las', the remarka ble proficiency of its scholars assured us of the capacity, skill, and assiduity of the principal. We accoidiugly resolved pub g n&fl c ,It reo - e school. n. well entitled to tbeir patronage - The location at Cedar Spring has long been distingiished for a salubrious atmos phere, and the purity and salutary proper ties of its water. To these advantages as sootn as the work shops, in the progress of erection, shall have been completed is to be added the rheans of instruction In some useful trade, by which the male pu" pils will have the opportunity of profiting. Uopossessed as we are of accurate data in the relation to the number of mutes in the State, there yet seems to be good rea son to believe that fifty or sixty may ekist. Forty pupils can now be accommodated with board and lodging by Mr. Walker, As the speedy enlargement of the school will reluire additional teachers, it may be gratifoing to know that the services of one or more of that useful class are ob tainable in this or a sister State. In llartfortl, Connecticut, there are sev en mutes from South Caarolina. Every year the number will be diminishedi per. haps, in 1S52, not one will remain out of the State. As the fund to the credit of the deaf and dumb is lare, no further appro priation by the Legislature is required. At present, the blind are without the benefit of education in our State. A hope, however. is itdulged, that this adslection On its huanity will shot be removed. CITA DEL AND A RSENAL ACADEMIES. I strongly recomnmen,d these schools, which, from the efikiency of their disci pline arid mordes of instruction, merit the epithet oh' Normal, to your fostering care andI protection. The l>est. commentary on their value is the fact that the graduates, without an exception, are now engaged in honiorable pursutits, and in spreading over the State and elsewihere the intellectual treasures gathered at these institutions. So (Jeep in my miind is the conviction of' their usefulness and immoasurable ,superi' ornty over our free schools, in all that re4 lares to moral, menial aind physical culture, that, imdepiendent of grave reasons of' pubs lic ptolicy, I am induced to recommend the esta blishment: or another Military A cade my, to lie loicated in one of the tupper dis tricis; alsro, that the accommotdations for, quartering the Ansrtenal cendets be idoubled. tir by addliitions made sullicient for sixty.. four y'ounig meni. To) increas~e the utility (if the Academies, elevate the moral staniding of the cadets, and render miore certaii the prospects of uhicir future efficiency, I submit thie follow.. ing pr(iposals to your favorable notice: I. That the Governor of the State, and the B..ard of' Visitors and F"aculiy, be au horized to confer the deg ree of graduate of the instilmtiion uponIt such cadiets as many be~ foundl qualified to receive it. S . TIhat. in fututre, e"ery beneficiary cadet shallibe re'quired to serve in the ca pariity of ci teacher for two years after araduatiion, uniless excused bly the Board of Visitors. 3. Thart the nnher of the floard of Visitors, to lie appoited biennially by the Governor, lie increased to1 nine, aind that these tie selected from difTerent pursuits, and riot confined exchInsively to the military In conclusion of what has suagestad itself on thu suJbje~ci, I woulsate that the nium ber of studjents in rbo Arsenal Aa..t.....: