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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, June 05, 1851, Image 2

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African slavery is comnpatable with the word
of God, and neither a moral, social or polii
cal evil, but a blesing to society and the pro.
gress of civilizatien. This accumulation of
strength by the institution has been derived,
however, almost exclusively from the South.
As a community, the opinion of the North
against it, as displayed in action, is more con
centrated and decided at this time than at
any former period. This is also true of the
European, and I may add the Asiatic portions
of the world. But a few years can elapse
before Cuba, as the property of Spain, and
Brazil, will be obliged to surrender to the
united forces of fanaticism and national in
terests. Moral, as well as political causes
already brought to your view, are moreover
in operation, that must effect, at no distant
day, the same disastrous result in our coun
try, unless the South, by united and harmon
ious counsels, shall be made to feel the dan
ter of its present position. In a word, my
telief is, that by discussion the plantation
States have become confirmed in their faith,
but that by the force of supposed interested
considerations on the part of their assailants,
they are decidedly weaker, or less able than
ever to resist combined and systematic ef
forts.
In conclusion, allow me to say that, yes
terday a friend remarked to mue, that this
"clamor" portended no good to South Caro.
e
lina. In the emphatic language of Burke:
"I like a clamor when an outrage has beer
committed. The fire bell at night break!
your slumbers, but it prevents you from be
ing burned."
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
THURSDAY, JUNE 5,1851.
HASMBURG PROCEEDINGS.
Tim full account of these proceedings, we re
gret to say, were received too late for publicatioi
in this issue. Our paper was set up and nearl:
ready to go to press, when this account came t
hand. It shall appear in our next.
Thinking that some information of the meetin
and it's doings would be expected, we had penne
such items as could be gathered from persons wh
were present, which will be found under anothe
head. Had the proceedings, as published, reache
us in time, it would have saved us this trouble.
-- G
BE JUST AND HOLD TO THE TRUTH.
WE have been grossly misrepresented upon
point, which we are compelled to notice briefl)
It has been circulated that our paper denounce
those opposed to separate State action, as "tral
tors,renegades." Now this assertion ifdeliberatel
made after an examination of the brief paragrap
in which such expressions occur, is a wilful an
unjustifiable perversion of language. We did not al
ply those terms to men who differ with us as I
the propriety of action by the Convention elec
It is absurd to say that we did. We ask those wl
may have taken up this very wrong impressioi
to refer again to it, and they will see that we a
plied these epithets, to such individuals as "wou
skulk away" from the State with their valuable
wien her hour of trial was at hand. Nine tentl
of the anti-secession party in South-Carolina, w
brand such persons just as we have done.
We are truly astonished that ay one should
far have misunderstood plain English.
CHARLESTON ADVERTISEMENT.
Wz desire %'caU especial attention to the a
vertisement ofMessrs. Sztis & Neczo, ofgharle
ton. Severalpesnfoutr
~j a mnany other Charlestmwhoue nd lidwir
this, e'requtest for themn a lib eral patronage fro
this section.
HAMBURG AND THE BIEETING OF SATUI
DAY LAST.
Iv our allusions to IHambtirg politics in the la
issue of the Mdoertiser, we may have.j 'tentioz
ally rufled the feelings of some oliur fsient
there. We have indeed ceived an intimation I
this effeict. It is our wvisNi that such persons wi
not look upon our allusions as intended for then
only in cases where they exactly fit. If there b
no such cases, we are truly ghid of it. The iter
of news and the circumstances upon which ws
predicted our remarks about Northern men, &c
were, we now believe, to some extent erroneoun
And we are by no means displeased to learn, as
we have done from several respectaiole source
that such is the case.
As to those persons, or rather that individua
who, we are told, has been actively engagedi
curtailing our subscription list in that quarter, wv
have no acknowledgement to make. We can
perhaps, get along without their help. Our onl:
remark is, that we cannot see why they shiouli
have taken our off-hand comments upon th
* " Transcripts shout" in such high dudgeon. Ou
intention was to-let our friends know that man:
persons, living near the scene of action, did ne
regard the Hamburg demonstration as the gr-ee
occasion which the Transcript regarded it to be
To all wve say, that political observations of
gencral character are not usually taken as person
al attacks, mnuc/l less, as abusive attacks. Thos
who look upon our article in this light must hay
* misunderstood our language.
*As to the meeting spoken of, we learn that it ha
been held, and that it was attended by at leas
150 or 200 persons. It is said that some 40 of thea
were fromiHamburg-some 40 or 50 from Granite
* ville and Aiken, and the rest from the countr
around and from: Augusta. It was announece
that Judge BULrr~aand Gen. HAMxOND would ad
dress the meeting. Circumstances, of which w
are not aware, having prevented their attendanc
a letter was read from the first named gentlemari
Whether Cen. HAt.u:szox responded, we have nt
heard. We are informed that Capt. B~aooacsc
this district also declined an invitation to atten
Son the ground of opposition to any thing that migt
lend to a division at home.
* But there were several speeches nevertheles'
Mr. OwENs and Mr. BoYCE who were either them
by accident or cdesign (we have not exactly learne
* which) delivered addresses, each an hour long,
the assembled multitude. As some of our reades
may not be informed as to who these gentleme
are, we will only say that the former is from Barr
well-the latter from Fairfield. The former is
member of the Legislature-the other has beet
Both gentlemen are said to have spoken it
some efTect.
Several rather prourinent men are said to has
been present, and to have lent their hearty co-opern
tion to the objeet of the meeting. Aurong them, ma
be named Mr. War. GREGG and Mr. Kica BoYC1
who have been for several years sumnmcr-rcsiden
of Edgefield and who own a large part of tI
-Graniteville factory.
The meeting was presided over by Capt. A:
DaEW lIAMxoNDr,an estimable and intelligent gt
tileman.
We will take pleasure, in laying before our ret
ders the proceedings of this meeting, when the
be published, we shall decide after seeing them,
whether to publish them would not be crowding
out of our columns other matter of more impor
tance.
Finally, we gather that tie "Ball set in motion"
and knocked about with a good deal of vehemence
at the late meeting, will eventually bounce into
some crevice or corner, amid the general cry of
LOST BALL. If we are mistaken-.if our fellow
citizens are determined to get up division, as much
as we regret it, our friends will not shrink from
the contest.
THE PROGRESS OF CONSOLIDATION.
IT is vain for a Southern man to attempt con
cealment of the truth, that the principles of Con
solidation are, at this very time, making steady
progress, in almost every quarter of this Union.
They are spreading, in some sections, with a a
pidity truly alarming. In the Northern States,
they are already embraced and publicly avowed
by prominent men of all parties. With few ex
ceptions, the Press, throughout those States, has
adopted as its motto, "THE UnIoN CANNOT AND
SHALL NOT BE DISSOLVED." The present Admin
istration has declared this to be the main article
of its creed. The doctrine has been boldly pro.
mulgated, " BY AUTuonITy." Such is the simi
larity of sentiment and feeling upon this point,
North of MASON and Dixon's line, that it is im
possible to gainsay the assertion, that it is now th(
settled policy of an immense combination of all
parties, in that great Division of the Union, ti
make these principles the acknowledged and uni
versally admitted principles of the confederation.
The result of success, on the part of this combi
nation, will be the instantaneous destruction o
the Federal Government, as it came to us from oui
fathers with carefully limited powers, and th<
substitution of a Central Despotism, whose "fiat
shall be the infallible and sovereign Law of thi
land. The friends of a Consolidated System havi
been earnestly at work, for many years, to pro
duce this result; but, until a recent period, thei
sagacity has taught them to work secretly, and t
make their advances insidiously. They have in
deed schemed with the " wisdom of the serpent,
for the ac complishment of their cherished design
and many have been duped into the belief, the
their hearts were all the time filled with "the harr
lessness of the dove." While accustoming th
mind of the American public, by gradual al
r proaches, to practical Consolidation, they hav
avoided the name, from the fear of producing
shock that might be fatal to them, by a prematu
announcement of their ultimate object. But tf,
time, it seems, is now arrived, when the veil ca
, be fully raised and their real intentions exposed I
the public gaze, without peril to their cause. .
majority of the American people, they now bcliev
will saention and sustain .hem in openly proclain
ing the supremacy of the National Governmen
1 and, believing thus, they dare to denounce a Stat
I which has sienified her intention of dissolving h
connexion with the Union on the score of grievoi
' wrong and insult, as guilty of treason and reb
lion. Turn it as we will, the long existing contr
0 versy between the Northern and Southern section
1 is narrowed down to a direct conflict betwen Col
) solidation on the one side, and State's Rights <
d the other. This is the great political battle v
s have now to fight. South Carolina stands fort
i the advocate and exponent of State's Rights-t1
1 Administration at Washington, the advocate at
exponent of Consolidation. We earnestly ask m
tour fellow-citizens, except those wvho belong to I
enemy, to consider the question iin this light at
to determine their course accordingly. In makii
anexepltion here of ." those weho belong tot
lenemy," 4msnaii only thones individuals amo
- us, whosef and -yigrne aroith~
pi1 n e-wbosdertif eeV5 tJflgis
g nfuene of our Southern temperature-wlico
athoughts'still tirn with devotion to that frig
country of the North, where hatred of our Sout]
ern institutions and enmity to State's Rights haa
each assumed a sfiape and a name, and are stall
ing abroad at noon-day. To such men, we scee
tto make a single appeal. We cannot subject ou
selves to such' huimiliation. Wherever these i
sviduals have become truly Sout hernized, we chee
ofully, aye-, joyously extend to them the right hari
1of fellowship ; but when we have good reason1
believe them " present in the body, but absenti
.the spir-it,'' (we mean no profanity by thus using
sacred expression)-when we hear them whinin
- over the glories of the Union, and insinuating ths
the noble spirit of resistance now abroad at tli
South is the spirit of folly and madness, we tur
from them with inexpressible loathing and disgus
No, it is not to suich men we desire to appeal
this trying juncture. But we do appeal with hearl
felt anxiety, to our owon people-to those whofer
Iwith the South-to those who acktnowledge
allegiance paramount to that wohich they owoe to ti
State under wvhose protection they live. T oward
such persons, we can entertain no feeling of hot
tility or unkindness If we, at times,address ther
witht excessive warmth, we beg that it may b
attributed to our zeal in the cause of State's Right
and Southern Equality. These men are our be
thren, and we fondly cherish them as such. An
to these, we again say, " arise, for the hour <
trial is at hand !" The principles, upon whic
our civil liberties depend, are at, stake. If you as
a gain, "avwhere is the danger ?" we answer, iti
from this spirit of CossoLIDATION, which no'
threatens to sweep away, as with a besom of de
struction, the only safeguards of our Freedom, th
Sovereignty and Independence of the States.I
has already reared its impious head, and bids yo
defiance. The South has made admission afte
admission, concession after concession, until thb
monster has come to look upon the spirit of ou
people with contempt. Urged on by the shout
of the vast mixed rabbles of the North, and eri
couraged by the delinquencey of a few Southera
deserters, IT DEsIGNs TO PLACE IT's FOOT Uro:
Y oUR NECKs. Sufler this to be consummated, an:
the day of our political redemption will hav
fpassed away forever. Better for us then, that w~
had never realized the blessings of Freedom. Bei
tetr for us, that we had never thro'- n off' the Brit
ish yoke. As British subjects, the paymentc
moderate imposts would have secured to usa
least the enjoyment of our homes, our families an
all the social pleasures which spring therefros
As subjects of Northern Rapacity and Fanaticisa
our ALL would be lost. Our homes would becom
as a howling wilderness-our land would be ii
-undated by mayriatds of unprincipled adventure:
and plunderers-our wives and our children woul
be exposed to the awful violence of triumphat
demons-even our property might be confiscate
to gratify the insatiable lust of power and wealti
And those of us, who would not wear the chair
of the oppressor, would be driven forth from oti
homes, penniless wanderers upon the earth, strarn
gers in a strange land, " with none so poor tod
u s reverence." When the ancient Jews were le
into their long exile, " they sat down by the watei
of Babylon and wept when they remembered Zion
Yet the poignancy of their sorrow was softened b
he proiies from Heaven of better fortune in
coming day. Our situation would be far moi
piial than Babylonish capivity. " Our hari
would indeed be hung upon the willows," nevi
1 ..mr ....bestr to the bold1 ntems of Indene
dence and Honor. And when our thoughts shoud
yearn toward the home of our affections, it would
be with the unmitigated woe of despair. .
This is no over-drawn picture of the consequen
ces that must follow, if the present dangerous ten
dency of our political affairs does not undergo a
great change. Consolidation and Abolition, un
less checked in their progress by some speedy and
decided demonstration, will not fail to accomplish
the destruction of our civil liberties and the down
fall of Southern institutions.
INTERNAL DIVISIONS,
TuAT there is a division of opinion, among the
people of Edgefield upon the question of separate
State action, we are well aware. Nor have we
the slightest inclination to disguise the truth. Of
course we regret it deeply; because we feel that
unanimity is an important requisite towards ma
king the great move, now held in contemplation.
But we enter no complaint, except againstforeign
intermeddlers; and in reference even to these, the
feeling is more one of aversion, than dissatisfac
tion. We doubt not, our friends on the other side
of the question, experience much the same senti
ment towards them, as we do. We hopeso at any
rate. Their fellowship is sought after or desired,
we think, by none. As to our friends who difer
with us honestly in opinion, we repeat, we com
plain -not on account of that diffierence. They
may be right-we may be wrong. Time will show.
Yet we make no recantation. On the contrary,
our convictions of the pressing necessity of action
by some State, grow stronger continually. We
hope still, that South Carolina will be that State.
Of this, we were certain not many months ago.
But we do not close our eyes to the truth, that
I the old guard is recoiling." This (to us) melan.
choly fact is becoming apparent. We trust that
appearances may prove 'deceptive-that Carolina
may stand her ground and maintain her honor. If
it shall be determined otherwise, she is our Idolizei
mother and her wish is our behest. Pained ani
mortified, though we ms..y be, we will cling to het
r "through evil as well as through good report."
D Should she rise equal to the high destiny, fo:
which we have so faithfully believed she was or
dained, our every pulse would throb with delight
Should she fall beneath it, our tears shall mingli
t with her dust, and our efforts, however feeble
shall be lent toward lessening, as far as may be
e the direful effects of that fall. Feeling compelle
to realise, with some degree of suddenness, thi
e condition of things, we confess we are startled a
a the prospect. Our inmost soul is saddened. 1
e bright hope is deferred, if not destroyed, an
e gloomy uncertainty casts its shadow upon ot
n path-way. We look to those, with whom our Is
o bors have been united, and ask them, " what wi
& come of it I how can we help our honored State
, to pursue a downward path without disgrace 1
- And they return our glance, with the gloomy e
; pression of men who feel a fearful foreboding c
, disaster. " Let us steadily do our duty in eithe
r case" seems to come to our ears as their only ri
is sponse. We could not expect more. It is allthe
- can say. To whom else then are we to look fi
D- encouragement, in this dark moment of our di
s, appointment, if such indeed it shall prove to be
I- Upon whom shall we call, to cover our retres
in with honor I Whose bounden duty will it be 1
e show not only to us, their brethren, but to tI
h, world around, both friends and foes, that the ton
ie and character of South Cardlina have not bee
id lowered by this strange revulsion ! Whose wi
Al be the responsibility of checking the insultir
Is laeughter of our enemies, and of healing the bitti
ad heart-burnings of those generous allies, who ha
g been-confidently looking to us as the-list hope
e a falling cause ? Who shall bear the tala of 01
iacquiesenc (we will not say submission) to tI
igCongress'a.zshn ~ hsi
1,re-Istg1i~ha preud moral ini;
aence she:had been wont to .eiercisi~, among hi
esisters in this''Confederacji' Who, but those 1
d wrhose agency she shall have' been swerved froi
-. her onward couras of dletermined action? L
*e them see to it, that the character of South Carol
.- na '"suffer no detriment." If that day of acqu
a esence shall come around (which may God aver't
r. we, who advise against it, willl be found 'at al
. post of duty, ready to stand by our mother, in h~
r- day of confusion and shame-facedness, as in he
*period of lofty bearing. But we must say befo:
~hand, that we shall look for instruction then,
Sthose who have all along contemplated this resul
aIt is a contemplatien we have not yet indulge<
gnor will we, until the last hope of a higher cares
Lhas fled. We shall then head the lesson of fliu
'duty, however saddening it may be. We shall the
Ssmother our secret dissatisfaction, and turn I
those of our own household, and to them alona
tfor advice and consultation in our sad extremit)
SIf, on the other hand, (and cheering Mope smile
Sagain at the thought) the State shall determine
do her duty in a holy cause, according to our uri
Sderstanding of it, we feel assured, that but on
Sspirit will animate every bosom--the unflinchin
spirit of '76.
nFoa vTaI AnvERTisER. *
STHE EFFECTS OF SEPARATE STATE SECES
SION ON THE COMMERCE AND PROS
ci PERITY OF THE STATE,
ifWill the separate condition of South Carolin
cause the commerce and prosperity of the Stat
kto declinc? Unless calculations, based on cor
reet data, greatly deceive, the reverse of thi
must be the result.
eWe have said, that our present exports, arisini
tfrom the produce of South Carolina, vary be
atween $12,000,000, and $14,000,0000. Thi
rwill appear from a brief examination of facts.
SFor the year 1849 the total value of exports fror
rCharleston, coastwise and foreign, was $15,838,
S29i.* Of this not more than $3$)00,000 coull
have arisen from the products of other States.
This estimate will, we suppose, answer also fo
Sthe year 1850.
eNow the cotton crop of South Carolina fo
e1850 has been estimated at 75,000,000 lbs: sa
70,000,000 lbs. By the census of 1840 it wa
01,710,274 lbs. The average price for 185
was 1 1-3t. The value of cotton crop, there
*fore, would be about $7,910,000.
The exports in Rico from the State in I84(
(we take this year because we find the facts rc
eported) wero 160,330 tiercest. For that yea
the average sales were $3,53 per ewt: which
S600 lbs. per tierce would give $3,395,789.
dTo this add 20,000,000 feet of lumber at a
taverage of $8 per thousand-$1,600,000:
d50,000 barrels of naval stores, coastwise and fot
Leign,at $l,50 per barrel.-$60,000 ; and $50,00
for miscellaneous articles coatwise and foreigr
We shall then lhave the following results:
Value of Exports in Cotton, *7,910,00
" Rice, 3,395,78
d ~' " Lumber, l,600,00
" Naval Stores, 60,00
" Miscel's. Art's. 50,00
yTotal value of State Exports $13,015,71
aTotal value of Exports, 15,838,21
,Value of produce from other States. $2,822,5(
r *Pat. Off. Rep. and Charleston Mercury.
4
Exclusive, therefore, of from other
States, the exports fiom Chle&6 .xcee$12 A
000,000. This wOuld give reed from the
shackles of the Federal Gover ment, $15,000,
000 of- imports for ,*m por truden at
present of $15,838,291, Oha i. receives im
ports to the amount of 000. If then
the State in her commercial lteroourse should
be cut off from theother Stes (w1:ieh
can never be the case) Char might eperi
ence, for a few years, a I llin of $5,000,000
in her imports. But this Wo cause no loss to
that city; ifir,at least half tjj t. thatreaeh
her harbor belong to Merehi ,~ the interior,
having been purchased, jtN ',ork, and are
simply conveyed through (lestofn to their
place of destination, witlidye ight profit to
any interest in the city.
But it is said four-fifths or "5,000,000 out of
the $20,000,000 of -imports. Charl.eston are
sold to Merchants in othe4 ly one-fifth
or $5,000,000 being South Caroli
na. How is this possibl6 oith Carolina
actually consume no 'ot $5,000,000 of
imports? What: thei. of.her annual
produce? Her $12 q exports bring
into the United States 9t . $15,000,000
of imports. Allow $5,000 or government
revenue and profite of trade-what is
done with the remaini'g 0,000? If we
consume but half, we sboual 5 the other half
in specie ; but everybody k .stbat we do not.
There is no escape from thi RtW-we consume
the $10,000,000, and would - 0nsne, In some
way or other, the whole SiS 006 , if allowed
to enjoy them. Only abo ,000, there
fore, pass as Merebandize 7 te other States.
But of this $10,000,000 of udize soare
ly half is purchased in C n-the. larger
part probably, having ben by South
ern Merchants at the y pass, as we
have said, through the port of Char
leston. And the same is t regard to the
commoditie for- South at consumption.
Probably two-thirds of the Wats; in Upper
Carolina now purchase i n New York.
It is fair tL assume that* 0,000,000 of
imports*'consumed in thb half are pur
chased at the North.
This would leave Charles at present with
mercantile profits upon onl$10,000,000 of her
$20,000,000 of imports. t we. take to be
a just estimate of her tra leave.out, of
, course, her profts upon 7.
' How would the matter' if South Cardli
na had a separate governniae n successful 6pe
f ration? With the$5,000 -?of imports, which
r now pas to the N(orth 1, of the Tariff
and Northern trade, and would be certain
Sto come to us in commodit s some dort, our
importswould reach about 00000. Char
leston would have the re- the whole;
It for te. merhants and of tie interior
o would find'itgreatly to vautage to- buy
e there, to say nothing. f the ties in trading
at other places out of the .- Charleston
0 would then derive mer Refits upon 05,
000,000 of importsmoie does at present.
Wllit,n 1reply to th4 ,that theState
dcould not consume the $4 00tof imports ?
,The difficulty%th most af is to make pro
r duotion equal conanun Twe, it Nstits
e are to constitute~an gpneral rule.
~athad, how mu6h aloe cudStaepoi
r -bly consumne in imnproing Tiiifpresent methods
y of industry aid even in egagrewontifthuit
awould add largely to-her stealth? It searcie
it admits. of calculation. .Mut.w a ie limited in
-our eapacity to buy, andlenee-we consume "o
-more than we do.
eItis a fact in the progress of nations, that in
r proportion as consumption is cheapened, it is
also multiplied ; and that themore a nation pro
duccs, unless under ii bad government:,-the more
it consumnes, from thie fact that it is more able to
purchase. Opulent, civilized sud industrious na
tions, being greater prodncers, are always great
rr consumers than: poor ones;i and te sal
consume unproductiviely the greatet part of
their revenues, whether. de-ived flrom induistry,
,capital or land.t .This much at all events, may
be assumed with safety.. Either productively or
unproductively, a nation always consumes its
products sooner or later. And. on investigation.
it will be found, that the imports of every nation,
which carries on a profitable trade, always equal
and often exceed its exports. Yet nations grow
wealthy. It is a great mistake to suppose that
the increase of wealth conisists in the mere heap
ing up of spece. A nation may accumulate
capital, or grow in wealth, by exchanging pro
ducts. which may be superfluous with it, for
others, which may be employed as re-productive
caital. Commerce, indeed. is, but the exchange
of the labor of ene man or nation, for' the labor
of another man or natlit., One hundred dollars,
or its equivalent In produce. rexchanged for a
horse, by which new capital is produced, In but
an exchange of values, in which the Si100 and
the horse are conisumed, but in such manner as
-to add to the wealth of both narties cneerned in
the barter. So of allmsehinery and implements
bought with a viewto-In'rease production.'They
contribute to themore vapid secumbulationl of eapi
-tal. They create wealth This is whatPolitical
Economists term re-preituce e onstnmpti'oi, by
which inidustrious and thriving nations add uch
to their wealth and proserity..
If this view of the subject be not correct. what
becomes of the exported -products of a nation?
A State sends out 912,000,000 of exports--if
-she do not receive back $12,000.000;'of imports,
what becomes of-the remainder? Will it -be
said she will recive it-in specie? What nation
could stand the draught'it would make upon her
specie ? Suppose South Carolina in trade wtith
England, after takingasevon millions of commnodi
ties, should-demand five millions in specie-how'
long could England afford to trade with her ?
-In 20 years that nation would lose-S$100,000,000
-of specie, nearly one-half of the whiole that circu
)lates in. her borders. Nol It is evident, that
iSouth Carolina, to trade profitably, must-take in
:exchange for her exports, ommodities of some
I)sort, with a very small amount of specie There
is do danger of her not being able to consume
othese commodities. Iiithe necessaries and lux
0urics of life, and-ia the great improvements she
Scould make in her various branches of industry,
1she would, like all other nations under the sun,
demand imports to the full value of her exports.
And she would therebly alki gr-eatly to herwtenkh.
mhis would. be the case, at present, but forth
:overnment-and the North"
We are, therefore,.t a loss to'perceive how
ven Charleston is to lose, when South Carolins
"s establishied her independence.,
But we protest against the common practice e
riewing this great question in reference to Char
eaton only, instead of looking at its effects upoE
he interests of the State at large. 'We woult
go far to prothet andito promote the'prosperlt
>f our Queen City, the " pride of the State.'
Red we the ability of TusmiirrooLEs to " raise 9
small village to a great City," wo.woul& deligh
to make her the Emporium of the South, magni
Beent in wealth and splendor. ' But other inter
eats must, also, be looked to. Charleston shouli
feel that her welfare is identified with that of th4
State; that she has little hope of permanen
wealth and prosperity from any other source
and that until the shackles of the General Gov
ernment be thrown off, by which the State ma
be rendered more prosperous, she is destined t
move, at a snails pace, in her commercial an
general advancement. Let her unite heart an
hand with the State to throw off the incubi
upon her prosperity, and she will leap forwar
with an energy, far surpassing her present moe
sanguine expectations.
RUTLEDGE.
FOR nR ADYRTIBss.
Mr. Editor:-After long and serious redet
tion on our relations not only with the Unite
States, but with the other governments of th
worldI am constrained to the belief, that the tru
points involved in our great controversy, al
either not understood bythe moderate party, c
else they are purposely concealed by them,. th
the people may look at our affiirs in a perverte
aspect.
'let me endeavor to divest this question,
much of the fiction that has been thrown aroun
it, for the purposes of controversy, and display i
in -Its true colors, .for the'benefit of those wl
are earnestly striving for the truth. Some i
the correspondents of the press apprehend mac
from the intermeddling of England and Fran<
with our slave institutions, in ease of our b
coming acknowledged as an independant powe
and represent that so fortunate' an event won]
magnify the dangers to slavery in South Carolin
Our immediate Representative in Congress holo
equally as extraordinary a view in his letter
his constituents, and I am informed, that E
Senator, proceeds one step farther, and co,
tends, that such, a course on our part, won
probably end in the total abolition of slavel
throughout the world.
As there is no limit to the human imaginatio
it is possible for men to make any kind of que
conjectures, and the more inconsistent and ir
probable they are, the more suited are lthey,
some singular tempers and fancies. There is I
evidence, or even probability that. France
England would desire td free our slaves.' T
whole evidence, 'which experience' furnisho
would lead to a contrary belief. Writers a
politicias generally rely much in the teseliisi
of experience, that grave old pedagogue, a
will not complain if their own. opiions are an
jeoted to the ~criticism of the same revere
master. England- and France once hatdsles
themsi ya, not within their lisomil asors i
-humanity mnay have'"goverenld the coidi
the great ations first alluded to, for the ilai
nthrfrign possessions, Arre gegerally i
prolierty'of.lawless, wild, and despeate advi
.turers,'who fel. none of theirestraints of religi
and morality,'and no doubt, exercised great er
cIty over the beings under theii absolute contr
In England the great benevolence and talents
Wilberforce and Fox, perfected, or, atleast, p
ed the way to, a systerm of gradual emaneij
tion. In France, the wild frenzy and licentioi
ness of a revolutionary people, combined wi
the causes that operated in England, led to t
abolition of slavery in her colonies also. B
what good has resulted to the blacks 'from.l
generous treatment of the greatest power oft
world ; and what practical lesson has this tres
ment itietleatedi It is notorious that the cond
tion of the free blacks is even now, in the ve
mcmory of their servitude, ten times worse th
it was whilst they were in the possession of the
cruel owners. It is highly probable, that only
few years will find them relapsed into their fe
mer degraded state of African barbarism. I
England sad France not see this? Are th
not aware, that the Islands of the West Indic
which under the institution of sla'very, fiouris
ed like garden., and yielded the richest al
most abundant harvests, and revenues, have ne
fallen Into decay and impoverishment, with dila1
dated tenements and fields, and a whole popuJ
tion sunk into beggary ? These wise, gaver;
ments are conversant with these facts, and the
are already beginning to form a proper estims
of their own ill-advised philanthropy. Many
the ablest Journals, in both England and Frani
are now teeming with condemnations of th
mistaken policy and mistaken morality, whis
precipitated their governments into those acts
emancipation, that wrought no permanent goo
but permanent evil.
Whilst the governments of those countries:r
ogized slavery, they felt, in some degree,:r
sponsible for the miseries, it was supposed to ei
tail upon a large portion of the human race, at
the sympathies of their people were excited I
the woes and stripes of the poor blacks of ti
West Indies, in a much greater degree, than
they themselves had inflicted them, and hadbee
able judge of their merit. A change has no
taken place-England feels no compunctious via
tings on account of slavery, and agitation,
that country, has altogether ceased on that que
tin. The Africans ha-ve proved thieir great i
apa'ij~ for freedom, and I believe that theei
lightened jugement of England would now doo
them to servitude again. It is vain therefore,
ssert. or pretend, that England and Fran
would interest themselves in stirring upinsurre
tion in South Carolina, and in arming the negro
against their masters,;.to perpetrate, a seoi
time, the horrora of St. Domingo. No natioc
of -any respectability would enter into an allien
with black slaves, apa pat arms into the hands
those barbarous, insatiate demonis, to deface tl
works of nature, with helish crime. It is a lil
upon England and Franee, toeharge them wi
such unholy purposes; andit is a- libel thatoa
countrymen often commit at random even wit
out the least reflection, as if there was no impr
prty in canon a arest nation with being a
tastedby w1anadevanislohion. It i aim of
quii to liefivethat it wl possia tlu
ble to'reenvg herethe scenes of Haytte and a A1
writer in wlome of the ,ournals has formed a i
wrng estima of the eaketer and14 rgifk .
the blacks when he ays,that we have "a iffei- th
ent race in our midst quite equal to our white U
population." There were comparatively very th
few whitsiti the Weit In4iWs, when the blaeka ro
were incited to rebellion, and to the perpetration, of
of their horrid conflagrations and butcheries.- cl
There was probably not more than one white ag
man for ten negroes, and that one was, more Si
than likely, to be an escaped felon from the jails oi
of Europe, without understianding stad without d
I honor. With the superior intelligence of the ai
whites of this State, with their military organi- r]
zation? courage and humanity, and with the per- of
feefdgeility If tleWbTasks, an- insurretibi, is' i
thing not to be dreaded, unless it is stirred up ti
and fostered by those, we call our brethren, and 1a
by disoontented and idle, and murderous whites ti
I in our midst. t.
But the uniform oondudt of England and w
i France towards other slavebolding powers sinea e
I the emancipation of their slaves is the'strongest t1
t pledge that could'be given, of their real iiidispo- s
sition to meddle with slavery. If they were so
intensely interested In the freedom of the negro &
race, they would have sudiedent power, to induce
the distracted kingdom of Spain to emanipate V
her slaves. Yet they have never once seriously V
e attempted to molest her in the enjoyment of her
e peculiar institution, for slavery is now a peculiar
institution to a European power. Cuba is also u
one of the most delightful Islands on the globe, '
i and presents the most tempting allurement to the -
Smind of the politician or conqueror of any spot v
that was ever blessed by the munificence pf 0
Heaven. Brazil is permitted to enjoy her slaves, a
d in quiet, and she has nota particle more power to n
t repel foreip insult and aggression, than South g
Carolina would possess. - t
)f There is one argument, which, to. my mind, n
h is alone, suafioient to repel the idea that the great
De manufacturing kingdoms of Europe would'ai
tempt to interfere with slavery in any of the
r, States at the South. It would be directly oon
d trary to their interests to do so, and those old
L governments are not apt to abandon their perma
is nent interests, to any great' extent, t pidea
phantom-to minster to the spirit of a depraved
. philanthrophy. The manufactureaof cotts alone
. affords employment and bread to many milliois.
Ia of the people of England and France and other
countries on the Eastern Continent, andif -it
a
were once suspended, onaccount of thescare!ty
n or want of the raw material, it iouldproduce a:
Or state of starvation in those countries, that wuld,
create a revolution in government, in Caingle
to month. I am not over estimating the Impor- J
ao tance of our great staple -for the purpose of'car
or rying my point. A writerof so .
be has observed thats at least twgthirde.$fths
mmerce of t, is support 1hepro
ad duotions of the Southern-States n it-:i'ist.
p dent, without proof, that Cotton'.coabtitute the
a chief article of our export trade. .IseinOW
ti b oe dreadful, .
ad Cot the Sten Tatp Vepu
eable tof~nsmecoepe.n.
!be h9 tliie,
ie nolongcva orle eraft, th#*u be a
would produce a stafe %f'utiI~rla~i.
Sand distrnstd fanineran'psa l
odrive the-po'ople tosuceh a frenzy aistiold over
ofturn every governm~ent, and exb)aust. the whole
r-revenues of Europe. The vast shipping of kag
a-land would rot on the wharves-her comniere
s-and that of-France woild languisli and die, and
th their sailors would perish by thousandi.
e Now this reason could be obviatedin a piausi.,
t ble manner, if cotton could be well raised swith
is. out slave labor. But,!I think, it is pretty well
e eistablished that it could not. .The plant grows
at- indifferently except in a hot climate, and the in
Ii- capacity of the white man, for constant and hard
y labor, in warm regions, is generally admitted.
man On the other haud, it is equally agreed, that no'
ir sun is sogeuial to the African as the sun of the
a South. Indeed, he droops and dies in a North
r- era latitude, whilst in the South, he attains to
)o his greatest strength, intelligence, and general -
.y development.
is, The evils therefore that would result to Europe
h- from the abolition of slavery arc incalculable.
ad Its abolition in a single State would produce a
w crash, and its gradual abolition in all the States,
i- though white labor should be substituted for that
a. of the blacks, would be attended, with a genil 1
- ruin andecommotion thathas no'parefllin history: 1
y It is tiei then, to listen to the story, that England '
e and Franeewould interfere with the slave instita
f .tion of South Carolina,or would attempt'totdilbe 1
, the value,in any respect, of slave labor. -Theyhlave.
at been taught by some dear bought experience to
hb let slavery alone. The islands of the West In
f dies that are now drooping to decay, and thatI
, have been brought to that state by the mistaken'
philanthropy of a part of Europe, were the most
e- productive and profitable island. in the world
a- under the institution of alavery.
. But, for argument, let us admit, that on our
d seceding from the Union, and establiahinga asepa-.
y rate, independant, government, England and
e France, in opposition to their interests, should
if concert mneaures for the forcible manumission of
na our slaves. What effect would such an inter
w ference have on the other alaveholding Siates.
i- of the South. Would they brook such an insult
n to themselves, even if the fanaticism .of the
- North prevented the interposition of the arm of.
- the Federal Governmenti Would those States,
- then, blind and indifferent as they now .ap-.
n pear to. be, not see their own doom and ~that
o of. their property, written In the future, in
e legible characters? Jn that event, their
-could be no mistakingithe- course, which they
as would be bound b'y their interists, tlieir hemr
ad and their safety to pursue. They would ias
s diately make common cause with South Caal1 I
ac nain spite-ofall that the terrors o'tthe threats
afof the government of theUnited States, "and ci
ao the arms of Europe ould inspire.
l - Iain sometimes inclined to the' bellef, that,
h that would really be for uo thie most happy tarn
r that affairs could take. Cireumnseribed as' tha
- institution of lilavery unow is-4indemngd as a
- crime, a lhame and infamous degradation; by
th th, e::*seA .IUne, howevm, mh
~ endeavor to coneeal Ihstrnfeelig
poliey and thogh pitiedueilles,-r
to feel deep concern aid stnog iisjgi
egard to Its future s"vfrty. sm~4pu
0 oppressive weight of the.
Lited States.-Unde2ssee
ere-suachgreat inseeurty --i
j eribentIemptelto wee
South Carolina, and pursued its .cour0. -
ceked, but rather. comntmenaace and eWW
;d by this government, the otherslaediig
ates would be enabled to diserte drl
th policy that bas been
em and their propierty, se
d thirtyive, nay, for the last Ofo
They would then
madness and misebief which 0 " .
aiiailij it ~wirkor so many
rowthem and IeF inikitiilom
ager require the gift of
em, that the fate efCSeahC 040uld
eir fate, and that, the- sme- g
ide its hideous jawsrto 1Ij
us, their hopes, and'
iose of their gallant, but
ster.
If, therefore, the UnitedSaes dida ter..
re for the protection of this -in
ry, the-othei Southern St
ould form a clas ieik -
ith South Carolina, i0g the
hole powers of thesarth could not bres
embers would cling to It, with t 0i y,
ith which the human mind clings'
hich the drowning man 16j twhilA
-his only escape fom- a tgrave. I
,ould be a Union for~slseivatieeIsg
Finteress,of habits;. of taste- tinent,
ad of affections-.Union opmeted .. cou
ton dangers, consecrated by the.coimonet
lea of a kindred race,-and h acI4 r
sctedby the smiles and.te. Ai Ad
ighty Go*d.. ...,se.
It is one of the stereotype arguentstaf thewe
ho counsel present acquiescence on the ,jir4e
outh Carolina, thathe ui ukisMR e
rovoke the interfdr e'aiof
h.slavery entireyAT r Iinrd e"" b
ould be Brit bught itih% ll C iWin
rho by her precipitanof,
ieetons asod Adtoy e'WhW 06t Ie
ther Southern Staii gid-Ni1ii
reeanlentb
gaist, th'other d
engaist them all at one: Ibsie
nfjeettis sid to b -indEif i
a rd r inl the o&it"ft
iolai~~i~r~m,*
4:4,
yari the couneols of i
errensiyh ora B
AEih ernltat uitil e
my th pepl a u
a440
AA
awn lisadtlve of, tnhiggegb i
reanof ery t igtats mnhl-.d~
hiarslie. Theiy woditie ter ~ tafo
yee eople,bbecause arier wogegonpIpsehl
hae prtcny ot.her~rpitthem cpr th
wnrties, ante mpos of-theroest poting
lie, poain-ofvrhng thaeemenh.d itelg
iteie,-o behue thru armoietyudbipps .&
ifbettre maerialt-of moeuttandfisedsam
ted felons-ond of al that is vile -and revoltis*
n humanity. Al those lew conditions ef.atm
Lnd,are filled at the Soth,di .ls di 't16
se not allowed to efe e o~.l~ al
rants... Our armies'Vonki lIe'fp
mt gindenlen an aim ieisorioikst itall
mights, like the binsib~edelh'ri Ofe
3ut added to all this, the trods incerin
ie entshort, and theTarnkje~ sei roea
like would bi suddeulg 'r4i p I.
nent and ruin.- Th'I i nj ll
huamor for bread-would rob, an~d pi Agleaw
es desperation, .and- wouldrquirwe all t b
iery they could pay for the ptese stidiYk
nid order at home.'' '~ ~
The Southern State,11)y i n
if their products, lioldiaif r
if the power of the' world
aP th'e destinies of all natioms and GetGd
s sieken o the-,oeart,
if union at this tin ;'eirw b i
heir unnatural attemet to agptten
~onfederacy should depake~ thes f
idvantages they have batt-Sllyn
eceive, and that inxrsil
and glory which weaki c*wn thi*ssi
stablishing a sepoiste idendantinnpNmet~
- . t, --MCON.
SThe new Threestee spf'bfe
elhed by the hniwa eie laite- .engsiairir
tabsa to-bewrorth only i;2.5 eentareil&&
moIt ef304i-every;*300A. upesimdeb
lank Note.Reportea~s, -It
hner pd'sa.Jj
iWe new has heaseap o
ather~ an pey bl
iflot'or $16,67 oaerey
e teheerp~
omsphir a. tis Qoor
est-fmily,- -nfide,
Tussais n tais wiioij

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