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.FDIoEttrua, ZrOr. to GouttFIL MOJUNE26,, Ot *it( , -l t1851., geu votfaxvrif,.
"We will, cling to the Pillars of the Temp!. of our nd if Wit must fal we wifl Perish amidst the 3un.
W. F. DURISOE, N'orno.EDGEFIELD, *jpI JUNE 26,1851pVL.XVNo 2
From the Augusta Republic.
My heart is very bad to night,
It craves for rest and peace,
For it has beat too quick and vain
When will its sorrows cease
I hsve been thinking on the past,
And upon coming years,
And find; alas! there's much in both,
To wring forth bitter tears.
The Past-its buried joys and hopes,
Now haunt my breast with pain,
Oh! could I soar to you bright star,
And ne'er know care again.
I've beeitthinking of the future.
There's not to cheer the gloom,
I feel this shadow on my brow,
Foretells the early doom.
On earth Ihave no hope of joy,
No thronging visions, bright,
Flit now before my anxious eye,
To 611 me with delight.
There's sorrow here, but there's a place,
A bright blue Heav'n above,
Where aching hearts may find a~rest,
A home of light and love.
I'll not despair as once I did
While there's a promise given,
Of rest, and hope, and joy, and peace;
Oh i may I find this Heaven.
Father above! I pray to thee,
Thou'lt heed a prayer sincere,
Cleanse, cleanse my soul and take me there
I'm weary, weary, Aere.
Augusta, May 15th. E. L. L.
The Graves of those we .ove.
3Y WASHM.IGTON IMVING.
THE grave is the ordeal of true affection.
It is there the divine passion of the soul mani
fests its superiority to the instinctive impulses
of mere animal attachment. The latter must
-uw rafmqhed and kant alive by the
. .zuvaa is wne ony sur
row from which we refuse to be divorced.
Every other would we seek to hieal-every
other affliction to forget; but this wound we
consider it a duty to keep open-the afilie
tions we cherish and brood over in solitude.
Where is the mother who would willingly
forget the infant that perished like a blossom
from her arms, though every recollection is a
pang? Where is the daughter who would
willingly forget the most tender of parents,
though to remember be but to lament? Who,
even in the hour of agony would forget the i
friend over whom he mourns? Who, when
the tomb is closing upon the remains of her
most loved-when he feels his heart, ks it a
were, crushed in the closing of its portail- I
would accept consolation that must be bought i
by forgetfulness? No, the love which sur- E
vives the tomb is one of the noblest attri- f
butes of the soul. If it has woes, it likewise 1
has its delights; and when the overwhelming t
burst of grief is calmed in the gentle tear of x
recolleetion-when the sudden and convul. I
sive agony is over-the present ruin of all
that we most loved is softened away into
pensive meditation on all that it was in the
days of its loveliness. Who would root outc
such a sorrow from the heart ? Though it,
may sometimes throw a passing cloud over I
the bright hour of gayety, or spred a deeper,
sadness over the hour of gloom, yet would
we not exchange it for the song of pleasure
or the burst of revelry ? No ; there is a
voice from the tomb sweeter than song.
There is a remembrauee of the dead to which<
w'e turn even from the charms of the living. 1
Oh, the grave? It buries every defet-ex-c
tinguishes every resentment. Froriits peace-t
ful bosom springs none birt fond regret andr
tender recollection. Who can look upon the
grave even of an enemy, and not feel a com-t
punctive throbthat he had ever warred against
the ~or hand ful of earth tlrmt lies moulde'r
ing bfore hims.
Bsut the grave of these we love-what a
place of meditation!~ There it is that we
call up in long review the whule history of
virtue and happiness, aend the thousand en'
dearments lavished upon u's alnost unheeded
in the daily intercourse of intimacy ; the ten- E
derness of the parting scene the bed of deatth,
with all its stifled griefs, its noiseless atten.~ I
dance, its mute, wvatchtul assiduities-the last 1
testimonials of expiring love-the feeble, flut-.
tering, thrilling-oh, how thrilling !-pres. ~
sure of the hand-the faint, faltering acs
cents, struggling in death to give one more (
assuranee of affeetion ! t
Av, go to the grave of buried love and r
meditate! There settle the account with lI
thy, conscience for every benefit unrequited, il
every enidearment unregarded, of that de
parted being who can never-never return to I<
be soothed by thy contrition.n
If thou art a child, and hast ever added a d
sorrow to the soul, era furrow to the silver n
browt of an affetionate parent-il thou art a v
husbnid and hast ever caused the lon'd bosom a
that lha venturecd its whole happiness in thy 0
arms to doubt one moment of thy kindness o
and'triat-lf thiou art a friend who hast ever b
wronged, in thought or word,or deed, the 11
spirit that generously conidd n thee; if
thou art a lover~ and hast ever given one un
merited panig to that heart that now fles cold
and stiff beneath thy, feet;- then be sure that P
every unkind look,.every ungracious word7 o
every ungentle action will come thronigi a
back upon-the memo~ and kuiock dolefuill I
upon thie soul; then besure . tlou wilt len
down sorrowing and repenting on the grave, 'a
and utter the unheard groan,.and pour the d
unaviiling tear, more deep, more bitter, be-. ni
ause unheard and unavailing. C
Then weave the chaplets of flower and
strew the beauties of nature about the grave
-console thy broken spirit, if thou canst,
with those tender yet fertile tributes of re
gret, and take warning by the bitterness of
this Thy contrite affliction over the dead, and
henceforth be more faithful and affectionate
in the discharge of thy duties to the living.
From the Mercury.
The Path of Honor.
Messrs. EDITORS:-I am a plain man, un
accustomed. to appear in print; by the sweat
of my brow I eat my bread, and thank Heaven
that I have never been in want. Anxiously
have I watched the course of event, for some
years past, and have been for some time pre
pared for the crises which has arrived. I ex
pect, sir, it would be difficult to find a man,
who has so little sympathy with politicians,
as a class, from Demosthenes down to the
present generation. I mould my own opin
ions-have my own views-read my own
newspapers-and "pay the printer." You
will not refuse me a brief space in your paper
(the invaluable exponent of State rights,) to
offer a few plain remarks, disencumbered of
political logic, and all that sort of stuff, which
does very well on paper; but which, as some
one has said, don't touch the question.
If we read the speeches of our "great men,"
a plain man like myself would be very apt to
conclude that South Carolina had gone stark
mad; while, on the contrary, if we have been
accustomed to watch the proceedings of those
very men, for the last five years, we would
be forced to conclude, that South Carolina
should not, under any circumstances, have re
mained in the Union until the present time.
One thing, sir, is very certain, and according
to my calculations equally demonstrable, and
that is. that South Carolina ought not to re
main in the Union. That if she ought to
come back to her allegiance; and it she ought
not, she ought to break off entirey from the
General Government. And I have come to
these conclusions from good and sufficient
reasons : the first and most considerable rea
son is, that Calhoun, Butler, Cheves, Barn
well, and all our statesmen have taught us.
I regard Mr. Calhoun as the purest statesman
the world ever saw, and am confiident, were
he alive, he would sooner die ten thousand
deathe on the field of battle, than prompt, by
a singie word, "one step backwards." How
To say, therefore, that while wrongs have
been perpetrated which have placed us at the
reet of the tyrant, in the attitude of slaves,
ind then to tell us to endore our chains until
sur neighbors (slaves as we are) see and
eel, as we see and feel, is in effect to say,
,hat our neighbors have the keeping of our
iberty, is to place us as much in the power
)f our sister Southern States as in the power
)f those of whom we would be freed.
God forbid that ever that day should dawn
ipon South Carolina, when future genera
ions should point to the graves of our states
nen and say: these are they by whose coun
cl our chains were forged; rather let them
neel around their tombs, and lisp with honor
nd veneration, the names of twenty thou
and freemen, who fell because they dare be
ree-who fell to teach them the lesson that
hile "the philosophy of liberty is jealousy,"
he exhibition of jealousy is the unyielding.
[neompromising, and stern resistance to op
To be bose enough to, weigh liberty with
,old, is to be sunk so deep in dishonor that
cumulated insults cannot sink lower. To
alculate wvitir fear the cost of resistance,
when we knowv that resitance is-a duty,is die
onorable. To be inafluenced by fear is ala-1
ish ; to endeavor to influence the brave and
oble, by appealing to such a passion, is vile, )
neani, contemptible! I scorn, thousands
corn, unborn generations will scorn, with
verlasting contempt, that man, be he high
r low, Senator or Representative, who- shall
~e the means, by counsel or otherwise, of
ausing South Carolina to submit to Federali
yrannyw. Let South Carolina fail to net, and
ot all the- protestations of fight with her, or
or her, shall retrieve their names from merf,
Young men ! I call upon you, who, is sub- I
ilsion counsels prevail, will feel the gallingi
hains most keenly, to arouse yourselk'es and <
repare f'or action, and never bequeauth the in
eritance of your fathers, bought with theira
lood, to fear or dishonor.
old men!' all we ask of you will be to' let
s fight this battle; give us your blessing.<
our sonis will never dishonor your names,
y living slaves, when they can dlie freemen.
testrain your fears and give us encourage- i
lent, and the chains of Federal oppression c
huil. melt like wax before the blnze. 1
Butler, Cheves, and Barnwell: Let S'outhC
farolina restore her fallen greatness, and C
den we will ask~ your counsel: and adviee to '
main tain it. Let us strive to be- free, or att
rast let us be slaves because we have striven
Sister Southern states, follow where we
ad, and we lead you- to- honoe ; but somnsel
s not to pause, for pause in the hou-r of I
anger stops the pendulum of liberty. For 3
iyself, I can only say, without counting the
iews of expediency wvhen a great principle is
stake, "Sink or swim, live or dlie, survive
r perish," I am for "siecession, with or with
ut the other Southern States;" and may this'
e the- position. of every true South Care
Srvarous BAmn NOT.-A spurious note,
arporting to be a One Hundred Dollar bill (
I' the Mereh~ants'' Bank of South. Carolina E
Cheraw, was received at the Bank of Char. S
ston yesterday in a remittance. The sig- t
itureo of the officers are bad imitations, but a
e deem it unnecessary to-go into a further
escription, as the- Merchants' Bankt have- il
aver issued notes of the denomination of v
no lndrae noarm _Courine
The :'eeling in Georgia.
We are permitted, (says the Spartan,) t<
make the following extract from a privat
letter, received by a gentleman in this towr
from a friend in Georgia. The writer hai
been for some years in public life in tha
State-a member of the Georgia Legisla
ture--and has every opportunity of corree
observation and intimate acquaintance with
the feelings and views of the people of that
State. Read foryourselves, and then judge o:
of the falsejand exaggerated reports which are
industriously circulated, as to the prejudice
of our sister States against South Carolina
" I have but one idea on the subject now
agitating the country, and that is that South
Carolina holds the destiny of the South and
of slavery in her own hands. If she backs
out then is slavery doomed, and that n. no
distant day. But if she will secede frot, the
Union, she can save the South and protect
slavery. Either the Government will let her
go out peaceably and quietly, or will endea
vor to force her into subjection. If the Ad
ministration permit her to go out without in.
terruption, then three-fourths of the cotton
States will follow suit in less than two
years; for they are only restrained now
through fears of an interminable civil war.
The people of Georgia do not love the Union,
as a sentiment. Well reason teaches me
that we should be more prosperous, happy
and secure, in a Southern Confederacy than
we are in the Union. But suppose the
Government determined to coeree South
Carolina back into the Union, then the South
ern people are driven into the civil war any
way; and when forced to fight, they will
never fight, on the side of the North-for
full well will they know that " the self-same
grave, oppression is preparing for South
Carolina's rights, will be yawning for them."
I have never heard a man of any party here
speak on the subject., but that said, if forced
to fight at all, he would fight on the side of
South Carolina; and every hot-headed Dis
unionist would flock there at once, and with
arms in their hands and means at their com
mand they would do or die in the cause of
South Carolina. I have heard many a man
of wealth and influence and standing and
reputation vow, in public and private, that if
South Carolina secede, and Georgia did not.
they would remove with all their means to
South Carolina. A young man of wealth,
an old nriond of
wUI1e, tWIu l usiO *J. ia 21 a VW a v 1. 5311111~
river. If we had had a bare majority in
South Carolina, why do you hesitate? De
lays are dangerous-hesitation is ruin.-If
you will not resist now, you will not when
they abolish slavery in the District of Co
lumbia, in the forts, doek-yards, arsenals, and
Dn the high seas. A strong Union party
will soon spring up in South Carolina-your
itrong men will be bought up-your C on
gressmen are already under a bad influence,
iad if you do not net now, and that prompt
y, the Southern Rights party will cre long
let in the minority in South Carolina as well
is everywhere else. And we may then give
ip the ship-for slavery will be doomed and
lhe South degraded. God iny iave a hand
n- all this matter; for it is said whenever
le wishes or designs to destroy a people,
ie first dements them. And the great ina
ority of the Southern people do seem to me
;o have lost their foresight, their penetration,
Now, we ask in all sincerity nnd enrnest
iess, how does the above view of the ques
ion comport with the action and efforts of
.ome of our own people? South Carolina
s regarded as the last hope of Southern in
lependonee-as the only capable leader of
.he Southern hosts at this time. The patri!.
>tic- and trwe of all our siater States are
ookinig to Sonth Carolinato make an issure.
lirect and strong enough, to insure the per
nanence and safety of our institutions-to
inve our common country, our homes and our
-hildren frem intoeranble oppression and
nisfortune-while some of our own people,
n whlose veins flowsa Crolina blood, oo-fd'
ave us now, in advance of knowing what
luty and patriotismi may require at our
ands, as freemen of Spartanburg to give
that is equivalent to a wcritten pte~~ to op
ose the action of the State is the onr'y mode
n wvhieh the State can ever act so as to re
leem her honor and save the country.
Let the'honest eftizens of the couintry be:
rare how they are thus entrapped into'what
vil turn out to 1~e nothing less than tamn
ubmission to the insults and tyranny of our
appressors. Are you not competent to de
ide for yoartefres when thn time cofles,
rhat is best t o be done-? Does any one
are to doubt your truth, your honor,-your
enrage, or your patriotism? Why, then,
ni they tie youirhands and blind you to any
ne course, in a matter *herty verytinsg will
ipend upon circumstances, and a matter in
olving your destinies ams freemen by a writ
en promise, years before' hand. 1Nople of
;partanburg, hold'your destines in your own
ands ; be not mislead by any man; you are
reemen, and capable of judlging for your
elves. Will you thus bind yourselves by a
'romise to do or not to do-a partieular thing,
then your libertics are at stak~e, and your
isulted country may call upon you her sons,
s rally to her rescue ? No! never J Iet its
e free to act as the good of our country
may require. Suspend your decision till the
,holo matter is properly presented to your.
luppose an incendiary designs to apply a
irch to my dwelling. ShnlH I go before
and and make a written promise to use no
ieans to prevent the destruction of my
ousehold- but argum-ent and' remonstrane?
br that I will not resist it alone, unless my
eiwhbors join, me in resistance ? I'll give no'
ae~i promise. I will resi'st by afll the means
'at God andnature have placed i my hands:
nd that, too, if I fight alone.
Now, we-are brethren suffering a common
ijury ; threatened alike with- subjugation;
-fth the loss of all we bold dear as freemen.
ihall we deic amongr onrselkes upon the
question of what is t remedy? Sha)l we
war with each oth when the foot of the
oppressor is bein on our neck? Shall
we raise a bitter0 * dcripple each other
in the house, wh dncendiary applies a
torch outside to c a all. Shall we not
stand shoulder to-: lder in the hour of
peril? If we diii Ilis lost. That man
can have but little ism, who would gret
up bitter politics an r" strifes among his
countrymen, at a this. If you di.
vide, you are doome. Set your faces sternly
against all partizan o zation. United we
stand-divided we f
Are there Dii among Us?
It is our province-~ watch closely the
wordings of the puble ntiment, the influen
ces that direct it and* distinguish the gen.
uine from the spuri. Beyond questions
there are strenuous irts now being made
in various sections ofrthe State to palm off
on the superficial ob"rver, both here and
abroad a counterfeit Aetency in this respect.
We are convinced, liever, that the public
sentiment of South Cablina cannot be thwar
ted from its legitimateults by such efforts.
In newspapers No of us we read con
gratulatory notices 60 widespread reaction
of public sentimentpe n the whole State,
that Time has brough hahng on its wings,
and that the genial woig of reflection have
produced a wonderfd* 0ange in the minds
of our people in reltiohto the issue now be
fore them. In some ofthem we read that all
the resolutions, all tht-public declarations,
and all the expositiondoof sentiment hereto
fore made, have been &erely the empty de
claration of a gscon g people, and that
the result will demons te of-repeated pre
dictions of the No journals-That
South Carolina will o from the position
she was at least unde r d to occupy on the
prominent questions b" e the country.
' Is this change real etious? It is true
that the people of So '.Carolina are more
inclined to acquiesce i unjust legislation
of Congress now than ey were last year?
Is it true that the p p who for years past
have presented the mo triking example of
union againit Federal ongs ever witnessed
in the country, have. ef to tfie conclusion
now, when everythin hold sacred and
dear demands that um, d its influence to
be exercised tosave t to allow internal
I -4a% and to
dom and so feebly expressed in a few quar
ters of the State, that its utterance causes 1
not a ripple on the calm surface of a settled
determination to dissolve the Union. All the
coadjutors of the Southern Patriot in the
country can bring no proof to the contrary.
And there, then, divisions among us? We
assert now that there are none of such mag
nitude as to endanger the cause in which we I
are engaged. But let us beware of the future.
We appeal to Carolinians who love their
State, who desire that she should not falter
in the discharge of the trust committed to
her, and to crush, when they have the power,
the demon of discord among them. And we
must be understood on this point. It is not
any acts of proscription, nor attempts to os.
tracise those who differ from us-nor the use
of offensive epithets, nor the infliction of in- t
juries to any man's business or reputation on
account of the opinions he holds on the issue
of separate secession, that we enjoin. In our
opinion this is the very way to create the di. I
visions we dread and deprecate. But we do
ppeal to all who think we are wronged, who
esire to see a dissolution of a Union that
romises nothing but a continuance of these
rongs to the end, not to let pride of opinion
o operate on their feeli'ngs as to- drive them
ito a position they honestly abhor.
In Greenville we have a press opposed to
eessioni, either by this State or all the C
outhern States; yet its adroit muanagers snle- ~
eed in bringing to-its support man, wvho
rofess a southern Confederaef to be the C
erest politicail object they seek or desire. C
Iut the Patriot is a Union paper, a champron
f federalism', and thiose, disunion co-opera
ionists will have to be eciary of its insidi'ous ~
eachings to keep their garments unspotted. C
n Charliest'on- the Southern Standard is an
ounced as- seelifug to' olitain thie union of
outhern Staites, for the avowed perpose of ~
stabishing a Southern Confederacy. Ent r
the Standard however laudable the 'original ~
urpose of its establiehmnent, may impercep- ~
ibly glide into the same etarrent of unionism
ad consolidationiafl' on which the- Patriot
wimis now solitary and al'one'.- The evening
f'ews is in the same' position. Now, the '
i-mger in these in'overents is that pnrties, ~
arty strife and bickerins ,will be introduced C
mong us, and a fenal contest betwveen a
hiose who originally sotwght the same cend
ill produce an estrangement and albenation f
f feeling fatal to present action, and not less
'tal to future action, even when ce-opera- ~
on is no-longer doebtfidl. t
Th'e nucleus of a Unionfa'rty one'e formed a
ithin our borders will be frauwht with the ~
tmost danger to the cause oithe South. *
round that nucleus will gather those who
ure not only opposed to- State secession, bat
ro any Southern action whatever. Its memn- a
~ers (vill be baited and tempted with Federal
~old and Federal honors, and at last it may
ather strength enough to control even our
~tate policy. There is nothing either pre -
umptuous or timid in the entertaining such
uspicions. The histoiry of public affairs in
ter States testifies to the correctness of
e position, that the vision of public men
'a be obscured, and that gold and promises
ma revive a love' of the Union where it had
ecome nearly extinct. Let South Caroli.
iins beware lest they aid the enemies of out'
stitutions to divide a people, who, with such
ivision, must triumph at last.
The' men who advocate. State action de- j
aire- to avoid the difliculties-alladed to'. Thefr t
irn is to secure the U'nion of our people,and i
wo this purpose they have spared no efforts ti
,o cnH'ahten them~ The argunents for and ,1
against the course they believe right Iave
been given with no sparing hand, and the
course of the journal that represent thei
views has almost precluded the necessity o
the establishment of special organs by those
who differ from them. They deprecate and
repudiate all vituperation, and ought not to
be held responsible for the heated expres.
sions of individuals exereising more zeal than
wisdom. Such, we believe, is the policy of
what some may call the separate State action
party, and we submit that it is one which pa.
triotism dictates, and which Carolinianse an.
not err in sustaining. The bitter fneds of
'30 and '32 are well remembered, and the les.
sons then taught should prevent a reorgani.
zation of parties that must be even more dis.
astrous than that of those days. Butler,
Cheves, Chesnut, Preston, Hampton, and
other prominent names, are cited to us as op
posed to separate State action; but we have
yet to learn that they will be found giving
distracting counsels to the State. Let those
who think with them abstain from seeking
distinction by running ahead of such leaders.
The whole burden of the Whig press of
this State, seems to be, how to abuse most
effectually our sister State. The noble
stand taken by South Carolina, instead of
being imitated is deeried ; there is no friend
ly remonstrance to the tone-no dignified ap.
peal to generous feeling-no sympathy
but a bitter, vindictive, uneompromising hos
tility, that would come with more grace from
Federal Massachusette, than a twin-sister.
The Democrats of our State, are far more
generous, for though many of them, the )ar
ger portion we may say, do not believe in the
policy of" separate State action, they contend
for the r'ght of secession, not knowing how
soon nortern aggression may bring about
that co-operation of the South, which the
present or pait seems not yet to have done.
The doctrine of nullification so strongly con
demned in'33 and '35, and which caused two
vessels of war to be placed in Charleston
harbor to enforce the laws, assumes a new
feature when put in practice in Massachu
setts and Vermont, to nullify a constitutional
act of Congress; for the Fugitive Slave
Law as passed, is merely a section of the
Constitution itself, served up a la mode to
humbug the unwary. Every thina' S9nnth
We hear nothing of these things in those
)resses who take pride in abusing South Caro
ina-who seem to forget that she is not everf
,ontending for a share of the soil her valor
ielped materially to win-but an inherent
-ight-a guaranteed right-a right she n
er surrendered, nor never will-the right
o regulate her own internal affafre and
>rotect her institutions from being cor
upted by either a foreign or a domestic
If we eamot agree with Sottir CaroiMe
n principle, we have no right to condemft
ier-as she came into the Union voluntarily,
lie can go out so-but then will be no time
or recrimination-, it will be- one when better
eelings should be aroused-and if we are
ot mistaken, one would be, that might unite
he whole South in a common cause.
But South Carolina will not secede *e
rust; honest counsels may yet prevail in
'ur National Assembly, and a genuine com.
romise be effected that will lie: all dissen,
ions. But the rights of the States must
till be guaranteed, If Vermont and Massa
husetts wish to secede, they have a riht
nd let them go !-Lincoln, (N. C.) Courier.
Calhoun on Subnmssioim
"Com'e what will, should it cost every drop
f blood and every e-ent of property, we must
efond ourselves, and if compelled, we would
tand justified by all laws human and divine." 1
"If we do not defend ourselves, none will
efend us; we will be more and sMore press.
d as we recede; and if we submit we wil'!
c trampled under foot." .nhrme
"I say, for one, I would fahrme ny
xtremity on earth- tha give up' ono inch of
ur equillity-one inch of what belongs to 1
s, as members of this great Rep~ublie"
"Wherevera free geogie permit their fears
a control them in refusing to vindicate their
ghts, they are .ready to be slaves, and onlyc
rait for a deposit who has more comtrage than,
wey have, to make them such." 1
"There is one poiht on which thei'ec n Ym
6 diversity of opinion in the South among
losc who are true to her, or who have madc
p their minds not to be slaves; that is i'f we
bould be forced to' choose betiteen resistan
y and'submrission, we' would tako resistance
L all hazards."
Mr. Editor-The above quotations- are
-om speeches and retters of~ J.. C. Calhoun.i
[o purer patriot than hiin ever lived-no 1
nine shines brighter upon the roll of fame
ian that of the "illustrious Carolinian." Agei
ter age may pas away, but as long as free
fen ive his name will be honored-his me
ory revered. And especially should the
ans of the old Palmetto State attend to the
aunsels and follow the advice of him whose
fe was spent in the defence of their rights
nd native land.
The Separate State Action p arty do buti
bey the commands of Mr. Calhoun in ad'
iing resistance. Did lhe ever say, that be-1
mse we were not as powerful as our one-c
aia, we must endure oppressions or injus-r
cec? No. Read the above third and fifth
notations, and especially the fourth, and se
hat his injunctions were. If,-then% we heed 1
is advice, wo will "resist at all hazard." 5
Columbia, Juno 11, 1851. HAYNE. I
(Fairfield Register, t
HIna Hrlr.-the Boston Post says of Sam.
or, what will do to read mouch nearer the 1
!quator: "Love for' trie T1nfon is very na
ial and becoming in a person chosen to.
io United States Senate for aix years. If
ie Union does not last, the Senator's occu
From the Mercury.
ecession vs. Bubmission al. Co-opera.
Messrs. EDITORS:-In this time of ex
citement we must endeavor to express our
sentiments in a spirit of kindness towards
those who differ from us as to the remedy to
be applied for the redress of our wrongs.
We must, if possible, prevent the formation
of parties in our State, when there seems to
be little, if any diversity of opinion, as to
whether we have been wronged, and as to
whether we may reasonably hope that the
tide of Northern aggressions will voluntarily
cease. Those who claim Messrs. Cheves,
Barnwell, Butler and Orr as the exponents of
their views, are avowedly "resistance men,"
and many of them unhesitatingly declare that
they will not only acquiesce in the decision
of the majority, but will actively co-operative
in the measures of the State. Let us hold
them by kindness to that position. Let us
ever treat them as friends, though some of
them lose temper occasionally, when their
arguments are too keenly disseeted,and then
use very harsh language towards the "Action
Party." Let us convince our brethren, that
we have towards them the confiding loving
feelings of a generous brotherhood; and in
the conflict we will be found shoulder to
My social position brought me in contaet
with the question which has now embodied
Northern hostility to Southern prosperity
some years before it assumed any civil im
portance. It was only regarded then as a
moral or religious question. I was led pa
tiently to investigate its scripturalness and J
the probable result of its agitation upon the t
prosperity and petuity of the Union. Of the I
scriptural ness of our domestic institution I 8
had no doubts, but my worst fears were ex- I
cited as to the consequences of the discus. (
sion. The present state of the country proves I
that those fears were well founded, and the I
epitaph of the Federal Union of equal sover
eign States may now be written. The Feder- A
al compact is torn into shreds, and we must 1
either resume the powers delegated to the I
General Government, or remain in a state of r
degradation now, and soon witness the utter i
ruin of the land of our father under the iron c
despotism of a lawless majority in Congress. .
I say lawless, because if the will of the
jorify is law, then that maL
leag e. Nor must we be so deluded as to r
beheve that the storm will not descend in its 1y
merieless firy until we rest under the clods ei
of the valley. We must devide the sad fate ea
with our children; but we will be less able P(
to bear up in the desperate struggle when fA
we have permtted odr souls to eraven under W
the fron tread of a Consoffdated Governrent 1:
at Washington. Ohi, sirs, if our State is so th
Draven already that she quails under the ap- .
prehension of evil from resumption of the In
New powers delegated, let her look on the ar
otfier sfde, and see the consequences of sub- nc
mission to Congressional misrule. Do the fe
merchants of Charleston fear the loss of Pf
Ames if we secede! let them kavt that if
to do rot seeede, in ten yeats Charleston sI
wifl, in all probability, be a smoni'detfng at
nin'. Does the large slaveliofder tremble for
he safety of his negroes, let him know that t
n teo years lie will have no negroes left. We 1
tre doomed to feel the power ofthe Northern S
Baebarian'. The Vandal hordes pant for ex
,loit and plunder on the fields of the sunny to
gouth; and if there is might in numbers,
hen we must be destroyed by~ the unfon of t~
lreesoffers with our negroes, or we wvill be i
oreed to destry tfie entire raCee of our ne:- hi
troeu lborated bthe General G~overnment, tI
)h,- that the Go of Mercy may avert the S
iwfal catastrophe, and save our eountry fi-oni tI
he hovirots of a servile war!h If we secede;
*e may7 esenipe, f ve do' not secede, then es-t
ape is impossible. CLE}ICICtrS. ~
Co.O'PERATIo.-The following exhaet of U
letter froms a eilen of Mississippi to a os
~enitan in this efty, (safs the Mfetury,) is
ne of many similar pledges wvhich have enome
o us from various parts of the South. We th
>elieve it expressen truly the convfetions and a
eelings of a great and growing party in near- T
y alT the slaveholding States, They will de
ro-operate with us if we have the spirit to C
Let, though it must also be admitted that se
key wHil certai-nly eo-.operate with us if we a
hrink fiom that aetion. to
CANTON, Miss. May, 28. if
I was highly, gratified in reading the speech ini
f Mir. Rliet, one of the newspapers you d<
Lent me. His course meets mv views, as I ar
zave thought that South Carolin'a had waited se
00 long al'ready, the argument long since ge
maing been exhausted, and no alternatives se
eft but resistance or dishonor. Glorious lit- gi
le State i my heart my soul is with her, and
find many in this county ready and willing, ?
f any attempt is made to subjugate her, to
acrifice property and life in her behalf.
r'hough old, if she should need resistanee, I gC
nill endeavor to be there, and so, I feel as- U
ured, tilT be many of my neighbors. A
PrLANx ReAn) MACRIE.-Mr. Randolph, of e:
t.owan county, N. C., has constructed a mo- eq
el of his new Plank Road Machine, which Ur
an be seen at Mr. McKoihan's establishment. co
Ne have examined it, but confess that we of
ani't describe it, and would liko to see the ar
nun that can. It is without wheels or axles, br
ad works on a connected chain of rollers th
,nd blocks. It is intended for plank roads, C<
iut the inventor informs us that it, will run pr
vith eace on any graded road. He says heist
as drawn 8000 weight with one horse. One
housand pounds can be easily moved with
in hand on this model!h-running on the ed
loor. The cost of one for two horses would
me about $200. ''Oe
Mr. Randolph expects to obtain a pgatent bki
or his invention.-Fayetteville Carolinian. col
Unsophistioatoed manners are the genuine i
irannts of a irtuous mind. thi
After all that has been said and writtew
against the Charleston Converton of South-w
ern Rights Associations, both in and out of
the State, denouncing it as a meeting of a,
cobins, and attempting to throw all sorts of
odium and contumely upon it, we are rejoiced'
to see it is doing its work handsomely. Even
the candid anti-session or model. resistane
men, as they would havithemselvesregarded;)
are rejoicing at the bright prospects of co.
operation w. ich are looming up- in the dis
tance, since the action of our Convention has
been made public. Hon. A. P. Butler says,
in his letter to the Hamburg meeting. "I be
lieve that the great State Rights-cause and:
principles are stronger in the Southern States.
than they have ever been." And what, we
ask, has made it stronger? If the effect of.'
separate secession by South Carolina is "to
bring about hopeless isolation of civil- war,'
why is it that now she has signified her de
termination, to secede, some- symptoms of'
this isolation does not manifest itself ih-the
Southern States? Why as MrButlerjays;,
iave issues been made and are now poding
in Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia, that.
were never distinctly presented before ?" We
mnswer-reason and common sense will an
nver-because the impression that South,
Carolina will act has strengthened the cause
)f resistance throughout the entire South.
Let it be known or believed by friend:andi
be that South Carolina will secede next.
spring, with anything like unanimity, andt.
ve would stake our judgment upon the re
iult that there would be at least two States
>repared to go with us in twelve months af.
er she had taken what some have been.
Pleased to call the "absurd and disgracefuli
tep;" but let the doubting and diseontente&
oliticians get up a few more Hamburg-and'.
rreenville anti-secession- meetings, say hardt
hings, stir up strife, create- divisions and[
eartburnings throughout the State, and'fin
Ily prevent secession by raising popular
larms, and our causethe cause of the South
f humanity, justice and freedom will be, if"
ot overthrown, retarded another halteentu
y. The friends of secession and reslkance
i Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi, will be
ompletely paralyzed and disheartened, their
isociations disband, theirat"i- ',
sideiis~6fiu'secity, only two were regular.
employed as laborers. Many of them gain.
I a preearious livelihood as runners to hous. -
of prostitution, and the majority were sup
>rted by charity. Such, we are alio in
rmed, is the general condition of fogifives
ho hate taken np their residence in our.
rge towns and eities, where, be it observed,.
ey chiefly congregate.
"In Canada, also, they are regarded ylithe
habitants with distrust and vo-ion.. There
e two towns in Canada West, in which a
gro is not allowed to set his foot, through.
ar he may become a burden upon the tax
Is It not cruelty then to them to tempt'.
waes ffom the South thus to degrade themt.
"A correspondent of the New York Day
3ok, writing from Louisville, Kentucky, th'e
nte which Mr. Clay pledged to send a'regi
ent of horse dragoons into South Carolina-,
subjugate her people, discourseth thus::
"They (the Kentuckians) are willing to,
k "Union! every thing for Union !" and thiks
good faith; but if fatc should will theirr
pes to blast, they will stand as a pillar of7
e South. They seriously believe thatb
)uth Carolina is about to withdraw from&
e Union, and should the Nor-th still eling to
r Sewards and Sumners in this erises, and'
e President call out the United States Arn
y to subdue the Palmetto, fifty thiousandi
entucky bayonets will face the music- ot'
nele Sam, and make Carolina's cause- hen
vn. Mark this prophecy"~
Sotu CAnOuIn-We undsrstand~ (sayse'
e Montgomery Adieus) that Gen. Hamilina
South Carolina, sub, passdi on. his nayty
exas, a short time- sine, ad-gave it as his '
cided opinion that the secession of South
zrolina was new- Sted-insuiaflt.- NQo
ne man, it seems to us, tan dbh ii Sicea
pressure, as the act of secession, must draw
the surfae all; that which is rotten, and!
a dark spot occasionally appears, like that:
Charleeten, it ii a matter-notto-beWeni
tred at. It is eny surprising, that swoli
e so few and far btween--and in thenms
Ivoa so inin s:nlk Ne p3s5 ta
meral rule, eys teneto prove the generall
udness of the pblic sentiment in' that
llant State. Ma her course be onward!!
etract of a ?etter from a gentieman in Alh,
bamas, dated 11th.Juno.
I write this l'etter 19om the eity orhont
mery, where I have been ist-at'tendance
on the Southern Rights Conventien of
abama. Our meeting was bainonions
e passed a resolution, " uemtse contradi.
ite," that of South Carotlina, in Her sover:
an eapacity, chooses to accedekfom the
ion,-and- the Federal Governmiencattempta
ereien, we pledge-the State Rights Party
Alabama, to resist, force- ly force. We
going into the contest with prespects
ightening. The hopes anid the liberties of'
i South are ini the hands of your noblo
muonweafth. W'e wish the questiota
icipitated. "Delays are dangerous.-.Co,
nb a Telegraph
DOGGisir ADvE~R'sIENT,-edA Kentucky
itor advertises as follews:
"Wanted at this office, a bull dog, of any
or except pumpkin and milk, of respecta
size, snub nose,ecroppe ears, abbrevisted
itinuation, and bad dispositlon'-who tli
ne when called with a raw beef steak, and
il bite the man who spits tobacco juice on
stovea nd stenas the oxchamm'a."