OCR Interpretation


Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, May 20, 1852, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84026897/1852-05-20/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

EDGiFIE IL DVERTISE
a Et.FD ratiO EJttD GT, U.b:ttV to ' 0t:ti g , 10, a *nt*IlIgtrnt, *Ctwt?:tIt3,R:talit2, Ea, *g1(Cititc', . J1
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of owr Zbertis nd if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruin
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. C MAY 20, 1852. Vo.
HE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY.
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor.
A. SIaKINS & JOHN l ACON, Editors.
TERES.--Two DOLLARS per year. if paid
n advance-Two DoLLARs and FIFTY CEN-TS if
ot paid in six months-and TREs: DOLLARS if
iot paid before the expiration of the year. All
subscriptions not clistinetly limited at the time of
stihscribing, will be considered as made for an
indefinite period, and will i continued until all
arrearages are paid. or at the option of the Pub
lither. Subscriptions from other States must be
accompanied with the cash or reference to some
one known to ts.
AYFRaTisFmtNs will be conspicuously insert
ed at 75 cents per Square (12 lines or less,) for
the first insertion. and 37 14 for each subsequent
insertion. When only pulilied ionthly orQuar
terly. One Dollar per square will be charged. All
Advertisements not having the desired numberof
insertions marked on the tnargin. will he contin
ted until forbid nnd charged necordingly.
Thoe desiring to advertise by the year can do
so on liberal terns-it being distinctly understood
that contracts for yearh- advertising are confined
to the inimediate. letitimate husiness of the firm
or inlividual contraviinr. Transient Advertise
ments must he paid for in advance.
For announcing a candidate, Three Dollars, in
advance.
For Advertising Esirnys Tolled. Two Dollars,
to be paid by the Magistrate advertising.
From the Georgia Iome Gazette.
Love and Catnip.
The din light of the lamp illumittated
the apartment for a while, but at last
went out, leaving the room in darkness,
save when an occasiottal flash of light
from the half-extintguished fire gleamed
for a moment upon the obscurity.
In one corner, seated upon a sofa,'
where the forms of a gentle maiden and
her adoring lover. The youth was plea.
ding his passion with all the burning CIo
quence of impetuous love, and imploring
his charner to name the happy day that
was to unite them forever. But what was
his griof to find that she did not meet his
fond wishes with corresponding ardor..
'Abh, Susan,' he sighed, 'have I then de.
ceived myself itt fondly believing that
your gentle heart reciprocated my pas
sion ?
She fixed herliquid eyes upon him, but
her words were few and coldly uttered:
'I rather think volt bup.
'WhaIt! vou cannot mean that you do
not love mne! You will not tear from the
sky of the future the bright sun of hope,
n1t1d leave me to grope forever in darkness!
Oh, Susan ! by the happy hours we have
passed together-by tile vows you have
sworn t0 love me-I conjure yvon to re
voke what you have just uttered and pro
mise to be mei4ie
But all unmoved by his appeal, she
eurls her ruby lip and senrufully answers
'I shani't do no such thing !'
'M1erciful heavens! do I hear aright?
must I then live on in loneliness, with all
mtty hopes withered and dead like a soli
tarv snii.flower stalk in the chilling wiln
ter! Natv, hv the whole universe, I swear
it shall tot lie ! M:rk tie, cruel one ;
thou hast been the bright polar star by
wihich I giided my whole existence.
Thou wast the rock on which I founded
mty hope of happiness; and if thou will
ttot consent to be mie, I swear by the
blazing sun, that when lie rises as usual
to.morrow morning, before breakfast, his
ravs shall shine on me a cold corpse be
neathi the angry waves of the raging Mer
rimnack-or perchiattce my bloody remains
wvill lbe found upon its bantks ; and if these
means of death fail me, I wvill swallow.
poison ! do you hear ? and expire for love
of thee. Then vou wvill have naught to
reminid you of him who loved you better
titan a thantksgivinig diinner, save the con
solinig reflection that you are his murder
er !
.But his agony, his threats, affected her
not.-Shte was cold as the iceiele that in
mtidwinter hangs from the nose of the
town pump. Crually-deliberately did
site crush his last hope, atnd with a mock
itig itncredulous snihle site said
'You dare'stn't do it!'
He sprang to his feet; despair was
painted on his features ; desperation glared
in his eye.-With his hanids clasped in
agony he tutrned an imploring look to.
wvards the mistress of his hleart, anid ex
claimed -
'Once tmore I implore you to reflect;
recall those cruel words ~or I go to fulfil
rmy threat; and with his hand upon the
latch he awaited her decision. It came
like a thunderbolt to the unhappy youth.
'You may go-if you wish-to grass!'
With one bound he gained the street
furiously he dashed along, and turnting
the first corner, ran against a gust ol
wind that wvas rushing the other way.
The breeze knocked off his tile; it had
cost him a V but the wveek before, yet he
heeded not its loss. Like .a uhiriwind he
swept'along the sidewalk, and espying a
blue bottle in a druggist's wvindow, he
made tracks like a longitudinal stripe of
crude and solidified city milk, towards it.
Openning the (leer with an impetuosity
that made the clerk spring over the coun
ter and seek safety behind a glass case,
he fixed his eyes with the ferocity of a
bereaved maternal tigress upon the slim
:mnd tremblhing attendant, and hoarsely
growled
'Poison ! give me poisota!'
'Elh-ah-wvhat!' gasped the horror
striken clerk from his place of refuge.
'Poison I do you hear?' thundered the
youth furiously.
With a shaking hand, Plumb's clerk
filled a phial and overrun the liquid on
his new inexpressibles, but not heeding
this mishap he placed the significant 'poi
son' on the bottle, and standing on tip-toe
reached it over the top of the showcase
to his dangerous customer. Clutching it
fiercely the doomed young man hurled a
quarter at the clerk, and then hurried to
his lodgings.
When he reached his own room the
excitement had passed away, but it was
succeeded by a cold deliberation and de
termination that was as absolutely blood.
chilling as a cold night in December.
Undressing he prepared for bed, and then
seizing the phial of poison he drank its
contents unfalteringly. Getting into bed
lie aroused his chum, who had slept
through the whole of this terrible scene,
and bade him arise and call his parents
and also send for his false lady-love to
come and see him die. His request was
complied with, and soon his weeping pa
rents arrived to bless their dying son.
While they were lamenting over him the
door opened, and Susan-the cruel, but
now repentant object of his love-entered
the room. As she approached the bed.
side of the expiring youth, lie raised him
self feebly up an said
'Susan, for thee I die!' and sunk back
helpless on his pillow.
Who shall paint the anguish, the agony
of the lovely maiden ? With the shrieks
that rent the air into shreds and drove the
ancient tabby from the room, she rushed
to her doomed lover and implored his for
giveness. She had called him every en
dearing epithet, but alas, it was too late
-too late! Fondly sie embraced him
tenderly she parted the hair from his brow
and kissed his pale forehead. They were
reconcikd while he was on the brink of
eternity.
But the poison was at work within;
he felt it coursing its burning way through
every vein. He was conscious that lie
had but a few short moments to live,
when his chum, who had entered to lid
him a last farewell, inquired what he had
aken. Perhaps their was an antidote.
tin o to late t o Me
I am almost gone. The botde of poison
is on the mantle; I do not know its name.
The chum seized the phial ; he looked
it what remained of the fatal draught
ubiously lie sighed, and extracting the
ork applied it to his, olfactory proboscis.
T'1hree long sniffs took her and the phial
fell with a crash from his almost palsied
hands, while in tones of wonder he ejacu
lated
'Cahnip! by thunder!
'lT7tat! exclaimed the expiring lover,
springing bolt upright in bed.
'Extract of catnip as sure as rain; you
are not poisoned at all."
With one bound the dying man gained
the middle of the room. His lady-love
fled in dismay at beholding him in his
scanty costume, and he, picking up the
fragments of the phial, soon satisfied him
self that it was indeed catnip that lie had
swallowed.
The young lady was carried home on
a wheel barrow. and the adoring lover
left in the last steamer for California.
MIaxims to Guide a Young Man.
Keep good company or nione.
Never he idle. If your hands cannot
be usefully employed, attend to the culti
vation of your mind.
Always sp~eak the truth.
Make few promises.
Liv'e up to all your engagements.
Have no very intimate friends.
Keep your own secrets, if you have
any.
When you speak to a person, look haim
in the face.
Good company and good conversation
are the very sinews of virtue.
Good chai-acter is above all things else.
Never listen to any loose or infidel con
versation.
Your character cannot be essentially
injured except by your own acts.
If any one speaks evil of .tou, let your
life be such that none wvill believe him.
Drink no kind of intoxicating liquors.
Ever live, misfortune excepted, within
your income.
-When you retire to bed, think over
what you have been doing'during the day.
Never speak lightly of religion.
Make no haste to be rich, if~ you wvould
prosper.
Small and steady gains give competen
cy wvith tranquility of mind.
Never play at any kind of game of
chance.
Avoid temptation, through fear that you
may not withstand it.
Earna money before you spend it.
Never run in debt, unless you see a way
to get out a gain.
Never borrowv if you can possibly avoid
it.
Do not marry until you are able to
support a wife.
Never speak evil of any one.
Be just before you are generous.
Keep yourself innocent, if you would
be happy.
Save wvhen you are young, to spend
when yun are old.
Never think that which you do for re
ligion is time or money mispent.
Always go to meeting when you can.
Often think of death and your accoun
tability to God.
Read over the above maxims at least
once a week (Sunday night.)
"'M a Little Bound Boy Now."
BY MRs. M. A. DENISON.
We do not know when we have read
anything so touching as the subjoined in
cident:
"The Philadelphia Sun relates that as
one of the police officers of that city was
proceeding along the sidewalk on Sunday
afternoon, whilst the snow was .falling
thick and the wind blowing in eddying
gusts and piercing cold, the sobs of a
child attracted his attention. lie soon
found a poor little boy in an alley stand.
ing up to his middle in the snow, and
benumbed with the cold. The little fel
low told the officer that he had been sent
out to clear away the snow from the alley.
"Go in the house," said the officer, " and
tell your mother that she might be
ashamed of herself." "My mother," re
plied the boy, "is dead. I'm a little bound
boy not'."
Poor little orphan! No kind mother
would have sent her own child to expose
life and health, even to earn a penny with
which to buy bread; and no human heart
bade the wretched boy go forth in such
weather and such a storm. The condi.
tion of a friendless, motherless little one,
is to our mind, the most deplorable on
earth, and the being who could ill-use or
neglect an orphan must assuredly suffer
-either in this world or in the future.
"I'm a little bound boy now," alas!
how mournful eloquent those few words:
" I'm a little bound boy now." Did he
remember the time when the light of a
mother's love was continually sunshine to
him! when he was the star of her exis
tence, when his little lips wreath in smiles,
were pressed again and again by her lips,
and his eyes were mirrors for her love
beaming face? Did he remember the
time when a place on her bosom on which
to pillow his head was recompense for all
his troubles, when her sweet voice soothed
him to slum] i d pn.
metudes I Then doubly heartrending
the thought and the feeling that he is " a
little bound boy now;'' he cannot leap
over the door steps as of yore, and fear
lessly cling to the hand of his mother;
no i he moves with a cringing tread with
in the stranger's domicile; he starts at
the smallest request, for the tones of the
stranger are cold and icy; there is no
music in them as there used to be in the
voice of his mother, the sweet request is
changed to the perefnptory command,
and he flies over the pavenient.to execute
the tyrannical order, as if every brick
were a live coal beneath his feet.
Perhaps he remembers the time when
lie hurried from school happy but hungry,
and sure of the welcome slice of good,
sweet bread, but now when lie is almost
starving, he dares not ask with the trust
ing familiarity of one who knows his
every reasonable wish will be supplied.
",My mother is dead," oh! the utter
desolation of spirit which a child must
experience on beholding the death cold
brow. of a-n oily, a darling parent. He
stood perhaps by her bedside, and felt the
heavy pressure of her hand ; heard her
wild prayer, clung to her cold, lifeless
clay. Then, it may lie said, he was con
signed to thme house of charity, from thence
he was bound out, wvhere the milk of hu
man kindness flowed not through human
channels for him: bound out; to toil
where thme children of his owvn age in thme
same family, wero sheltered f roma the
rough winds of heaven, and cared for so
tenderly."
The vision of that desolate child, stand
ing in the drifted snow heaps, the tears
freezing on his cheeks, his poor hands red
and numb, his limbs all trembling, has
often since obtruded itself on our vision;
and that plaintive wail, "I'm a little bound
boy nowv," oh! how does its searching
pathos~ penetrate our inmost soul. We
look sometimes upon the rosy cheeks and
sparkling eyes of those near and dear to
us, and picture such a fate for them; and
the blood shrinks back to our heart.
What! they sleep in the broken garret
where the snow sifts throughi they feel
the hard hand of anger upon their quiver
ing fleshi they pass long, terrible days,
and dark, lonely nights, and no sweet kiss
dimple their cheeks, no soft, loving arms
enfold them, no heart beat close to theirsi
And yet, wec shudder while we wvrite, such
is thie fate of thousands, once carefully
reared as they ; no older in years, but in
bitter experience aged, their soul scared,
blackened by unkindness; the elements
of hatred burnt into their very hearts by
the cruel taunt, and the unfeeling sneer.
Be careful ye who have charge of such
unfortunates; be kind to them for the
sake of your own dependant offsprings,
for in God's mysterious providence, they
may in future years be laid in the grave,
leaving their little ones to heartless chari
ties.
"in a little bound boy ;" the simiple
words need not gesture, nor tear, nor
groans, to give them pathos; no none of
these. They look sorrowful, and speak
volmes by their brevity. Bound-to
bear uncomplainingly; iound to agonies
moment by moment;, und, perfiaps, to
hunger and vice; boo kto a master who
knows not the meing of the word
mercy.
Still art thou boun humanity, poor
little bound boy, and e who sees the
end from the beginni , has bound thee
to Himself by ties t t'the world may
tarnish but not breal- forthe suffering
have a father and a onsoler in Jesus
Christ.
TiHE UNGRATEFUL oN.-" The eye
that mocketh at his f er, the ravens of
the valley shall pick. out." Prov. 30,
17. This is a terrible' unciation against
ingratitude to paren. and even in the
present day is some es virtually ful
filed.
"Some years ago,? -rish gentleman,
who was an extensiv. ontractor on our
public works, was re4 ed to poverty by
the profligacy and d nesty of an un
grateful son. The of an lost his wife,
and to add to his cal ity, his health fail
ed; and, to fill tie f his sorrow, he
lost his sight. Th..h poor, friendless,
blind and forsaken,. found an asylum
in the Franklin Coun. 'Ims-house, Penn.
sylvania.
"While an inmat f this refuge for
the afflicted his wie and ungrateful
son travelled that wa 6 was informed of
his father's situation,; d that his parent
wished to see him; a. although he pass.
ed within two hundre ards of the alms
house, he refused toi p and see the kind
father lie haid ruin Now mark the
result. The ver*- he passed the
ahns.house on his wa to Gettysburg, in
an open carriage, hei s overtaken by a
storm and took a seve cold which result.
ed in the destructio of his eyes. He
lay in Gettysburg iq critical situation
until his funds were austed, and those
who had him in ch took him to the
Franklin County Alm ouse.
"The very day he as brought in, his
father, having died day before, was
- -the same
h.
how isa nation to grow ,,v...
full Every one.,will answer-by culti
vating and making productive what nature
has given them. So long as their lands
remain uncultivated, no matter how rich
by nature, they are still no source of
wealth; but when they bestow labor upon
them, and begin to plow and sow the fer
tile earth, they then become a source of
profit. Now is it not precisely the same
case with the natural powers of mind?
So long as they remain uncultivated, are
they not valueless t Natur' gives, it is
true, to the mind talent, but she does not
give learning or skill: just as she gives to
the soil fertility, but not 'wheat or corn.
In both cases, the labor of man must
make them productive. Now, this labor
applied to the mind is what we call edu
cation: a word derived from the Latin,
which means the educing or bringing forth
the hidden powers of that to which it is
applied. In the same sense we use the
word cultivation; we say: "cultivate the
mind," just as we say cultivate the soil.
From all this wve conclude that a nation
has twvo natural sources of wealth: one
the soil and the other the mind of the
nation. So long as these remain unculti
vated, they add little or nothing to wealth
or powecr. Agriculture makes the one
productive, education the other. Brought
under cultivation, the soil brings forth
wheat and corn and good grass, wvhile the
weeds and briars and poisonous plants
are all rooted out: so mind, brought under
cultivation, brings forth skill and learning,
and sound knowledge, and good princi
pes; while ignorance and prejudice, and
bad passions, and evil habits, which are
the wveeds and briars and poisonous plants
of the mind, are rooted out and destroyed.
THE CHANCEs OF LIFE.-Among the
interestings facts developed by the recent
census, are some in relation to the law
that governs life and death. They are
based upon returns from the State of
Maryland, and a comparison with pre
vious ones. The calculation it is un
necessary to explain, but the result is a
table from which we gather the follow
ing illustration :
10,568 infants are horn on the same
day and enter upon life simultaneously.
Of these, 1,243 neyer reach the anniver
sary of their birth. 9,025 commence
the second year, but the proportion of
deaths still continues so great, that at the
end of the third only 8,138, or about
four-fifths of the original-number survive.
But during the fourth year, the system
seems to acquire more strength, and the
number of deaths rapidly decreases. It
goes on decreasing until twenty-one, the
commencement of maturity and the
period of highest health. 7,134 enter
upon the activities and responsibilities of
life-more than two-thirds of the origi
nal number. Thirty'-five comes, the
meridian of manhood ; 6,302 have reach
ed it. Twenty yars more,ind the ranks
are thinnued. Oly4,727, or less than
half of those who entered life Aifty-five
em.s ao, nya left And4 unw denth
comes more frequently. Every year the
ratio of mortality steadily increases, and
at seventy, there are not a thousand sur.
vivors. A scattered fevP live on to the
close of the century, and at the age of
one hundred and six the drama is ended.
The last man is dead.
Interesting Correspondence.
The following is the correspondence
which was held between Mr. Rhett and
our Executive, on the occasion of the
resignation of the former as United States
Senator:
COLUXarA, April 30, 1852.
To his Excellency Join H. Means, Gov
ernor of the State of South Carolina:
SIR: In consequence of the proceed
ings of the Convention which has just
adjourned, I deem myself no longer a
proper representative of the position and
policy of the people of South Carolina
with respect to the aggressionis of the
General Government. I therefore resign
into the hands of your Excellency the
office I now hold as a Senator in the Con.
gress of the United States from the State
of South Carolina.
Believe me, dear sir, your most obedi
ent servant, R. B. RH ETT.
ExECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
May 2, 1852.
Mr DEAR SIR: Tour letter of April
30th, containing your resignation " as a
Senator in the Congress of the United
States," was handed to tne by your son,
Col. R. B. Rhett, just as the Convention
ad adjourned. A press of business pre
ented me from communicating with you
that evening, and the next morning I re
gretted to learn that you. left Columbia
before I could see you on the subject.
I do not feel disposed, -my dear sir, to
iccept your resignation until I have had
in opportunity of requesting you to re
:onsider the matter. I do not consider
hat the course of the Convention has
seen such as to render you an "unfit rep
-esentative of the State." I am very far
orth with greats ........
)ect to recent party divisions,) in the soi
fmn form of an " Ordinance," an embodi
nent of the very principles which you, in
ommon with the State .rights party of
lhe State, for years have advocated.
I hope that you, upon a reconsidera
ion of the subject, will withdraw your
resignation, and continue to occupy a po
sition which you have filled with ability
and fidelity.
I will take no action in the premises
until I hear from you. An answer, how
ever, is requested at earliest convenience.
I am, dear sir, your obedient servant,
J. H. MEANS.
[loN. R. BARyWELL RiiETT.
CHARLESTON, May 5, 1852.
To His Excellency John H. Means, Gov
ernor of the State of South Carolina:
DEAR SIR: Yours of the 2d instant
was kindly delivered to me by my son,
whom you kindly deputed to bring me
your communication requesting me to re
consider the resignation I tendered to
your Excellency of my seat as a Senator
from South Carolina in the Congress of
the United States. I assure your Excel
lency that I had maturely considered the
course I should pursue when I tendered
you the resignation of my seat, and the
subsequent reflection wvhich is due to
your Excellency's communication, has
not satisfied me (wvith profound deference
to your Excellency) that I could have
pursued any other course. I agree with
your Excellency that the people, by the
vote in October last, did decide against
immediate separate secession ; but I did
not suppose, until convinced by the action
of the Convention, that they had decided
in favor of absolute submission. Still
less did I suppose that it was inconsistent
with their will that the Convention should
vindicate in some way the outraged sov
ereignty of the State, by some measure
retaliatory on our common 6nemies, or
preparing her in the future for thme better
protection of her people. The ordinance
affirming the right of secession, to which
your Excellency alludes, is a declaration
of an existing right, which from 1828 to
this day all parties in South Carolina have
recognized. The ordinance neither facili
tates its exercise, nor in any way gives
potency to thme right. In the condition
in which the State was placed by the fall
election, doing nothing by the Conven
tion, and assigning no reason for non
action, is not only submission to the
wrongs of the General Government, but
to my apprehension is a tacit affirmance
of the policy of co-operation, which alone
prevented us from acting. I need not
say to your Excellency that I have all
my life been a supporter of State-rights
and State sovereignty. Co-operation re
pdiates both as practical entities, and
instead of enforoing them, for the protec
tioni of the citizen of South Carolina,
easts him on the aid and strength of the
4tko Rtioia Any nratkcal vindioation
by the Convention of States-rigbts, any
measure asserting the sovereignty of the
State, would have satisfied me that the
State did not intend to rest on this policy.
But she has done nothing in the Conven
tion, and I am compelled to infer that her
position is submission, and her policy co
operation. I repeat what I said in my
letter of resignation to your Excellency,
that I do not " deem myself a proper
representative" of such a position and
policy. I therefore regret that I cannot
comply with the wishes of your Excel
lency, and withdraw my resignation.
Sensible of the profound respect I owe
more convinced, can better sustain her in
the course she has determined to pursde.
Believe me, dear sir, your most obedi
ent servant. R. B. RHETT.
EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
May 7, 1852.
DEAR SIR: Your letter of May 5th,
has just reached me. Although I must
regret the views you entertain of the
action of the Convention, (and with all
due deference think them erroneous,) yet
I feel assured they are honest, and cannot
but respect the course you have.thought
it your duty to pursue.
Justice, however, to my own honest
convictions, and also to the Convention,
requires that I should express in decided
terms my dissent to the construction you
have put upon its action. Submission was
never intended by it. It met under cir
cumstances peculiarly embarrassing. It
was composed of a large majority of
those who believed, and still believe, that
"secession" was the only effectual reme
dy flor our wrongs, and that any step
short of that would not only be unman
ly, but impracticable. Against the exer
cise of this remedy, at this time, the peo.
ple had pronounced their solemn verdict,
and it would have been criminal to have
disregarded it. The condition of the
State was a most deplorable one. It was
completely prostrated and paralyzed by
the party dissensions to which it had fal
len a victim. Under these circumstan
* M-the art of wis
to pursuc,
the fearful breaches an angry controversy
had made in its heretofore solid phalanx.
In that spirit of courtesy and kindness,
which is the proud characteristic of our
people, the Convention acted. The past
was forgotten and forgiven, and theState
was united. Nor did this union involve
the slightest sacrifice of those principles
which have ever been cherished as dear
amongst us. The sovereignty of the
State was as fLlly vindicated, as the sol
emn ordinance of the Convention of the
people could vindicate it. The wrongs
we had received from the Federal Gov
ernment were acknowledged, and the
right of the State to use the remedy of
secession, without " let" or " hindrance,"
was fully declared.
rhe exercise of the right was pre
vented by expediency alone, and of that
expediency the State, as a sovereign, has
a right to judge.
I must confess that the members of the
Convention meeting together, just as we
had emerged from the most bitter and
angry controversy we have ever known,
and sacrificing all party feeling upon the
alter of their common country, exhibits
a spectacle of the moral sublime, which,
as a Carolinian, I cannot contemplate but
with the proudest emotions.
I am sorry to inflict so long a letter
upon you. I should not have said one
word on the subject of your viewvs as to
the action of the Convention, were it not
that silence on my part would have been
constructed into an acquiescence in them.
My only object is to express my dissent
on this point, and to endorse the action
of the Convention.
Your resignation is accepted, to take
date from to-day. Suffer me, in con
clusion, to express to you my high ap
preciation of the distinguished services
you have rendered the State, and of the
bold and manly stand you have ever
maintained in defence of the down-trod
den rights of the South.
Be assured, my dear sir, that you carry
into your retirement my ardeint wishes for
your happiness and prosperity.
With high regard, I am, dear sir, your
obedient servant. J. H. MEANs.
To Hox. RI. B. Rnrrr
TnE Washington co.reg.ondent, "In
dependent," of the Philadelphia North
American wvrites:
It may now be asserted, with entire
confidence that Gen. Scott, under no con
dition of circumstances, w"ill change the
ground wvhich he has occupied since his
name has been brought forward con
spicuously in connection wvith the Presi
dency, and will write no letter concern
ing public questions unless the Whig
Convention should offer him a nomina
tion. This is understood tp be the finali
ty of his position, as declared by his
most intimate and accredited friends, and
upon the authority of undoubted assur
ances.
The Case ot the Colored Seamen.
A great deal of noise, and some indig
nation, on a small scale, seems to be
generated by a, number of the anti-sla.
very Journal of the North, in relation to
the cases of imprisonment of foreign
colored sailors which now and then, take
place in Charleston, S. C., under the op
eration of a law of that State. The re
cent case of the imprisonment of a Por
tuguese sailor-a colored man, who had
been articled to a British ship-has pro
voked a fresh outbreak of this small spe
cies of indignation.
It seems that Mr. Mathews, the British
counsel at Charleston, has been engaged
for some time back in a long series of
letters and correspondence with the au
thorities of South Carolina, relative to the
operation of this law. Mr. Mathews, in
pursuing that plan of operations, has been
entering on diplomatic functions, and so
far went beyond the strict rights and pri
vileges of a commercial international
agent. He was led into this error, we
believe, by the imbecility or timidity of
Mr. Clayton, the Secretary of State, and
Sir Henry Lyton Bulwer, the British
Minister at Washington, both of whom
wanted the courage to meet this question
positively and distinctly, and turned it
over contrary to all law and precedent,
to the local British Consul in South Car
olina. Mr. Mathews had no authority,
under any sort of diplomatic usage, for
openning a correspondence with the au
thorities of South Carolina on the subjecL
His recent appeal to the United States
Courts, however, in relation to the Portu
guese sailor, is the proper course for him
to pursue, and it is very well that he has
adopted it in the long run.
If there is anything contrary to the trea
ties between the United States and Great
Britain in the law of South Carolina, the
United States Supreme Court is the pro
per forum in which its illegality or jus
tice can be ascertained. In our opinion,
the State of South Carolina has a perfect
right to pass such a law, and to exclude
such seamen from landing on her shores,
come from what part of the world they
slay
s and
captains,' that certain ciasses of people,
ot entering the ports of South. Carolina,
should be prevAnted from going ashore
there. But that State and every other
State, and the whole country, have a per
fect right to exclude-as a police regu
lation-every !ndividual from whom trou
ble or agitation or sedition might be ex
pected, and to prohibit them from enter
ing on their borders.-New York Herald.
RE~v. JUrLIUS 3. DUBosE.-The Dar
lington Flag announces that this highly
esteemed citizen died on the 16th April
last, at the residence of his brother, in
Darlington village. Mr. Dubose was a
Presbyterian minister, and bid fair to be
useful and eminent; but from a disease of
the throat, was soon compelled to abandon
his labors in the pulpit. He was best
known in the State as the able editor of
the Temperance Advocate, which, under
his administration, attained a reputation
unequalled by any other temperance
journal of that time. Since his retire
ment fr'om editorial life, he labored,
though afflicted with disease, in teaching
and preaching. " His death wvas calm
and happy."
A SAFE ExPE.RIMENT.-Dr. Aslibel
Green of Philadelphia, published in the
American some years since, the follow
ing account of his recovery from skepti
cism, when a young man;.
To the Bible itself I determined to
make a final appeal. My Christian edu
cation had already rendered mue in a
degree familiar with a large portion of
its contents; but on this I resolved to
place no dependence. I took up the
New Testament as if I had never open
ed it before ; and with the single object
of looking out for the signatures of
Divinely inspired truth; and I prayed as
well as half an infidel could -pray, that
God, in whose existence and attributes
I believed, would help me to form a just
opinion of the truth or fallacy of that
book. Proceeding in this way, I had not
gone through the four Evangelists, till
all my skepticism left me, and to this
hour it his never returned. My mind, in
deed, has some times been harassed with
almost every species of infidel, and even
atheistic suggestion ; but I have, at the
very time of their occurrence, been
thoroughly convinced that they were
false and groundless. * * *And
this, let me say, is in my opinion the best
way of bringing to satisfactory issue this
question of unavoidable and infinite im
portance.
THEY have got a new plan for the de
molition of bed bugs in operation in
North Carolina. It is done by steam
one wheel catches them by the nose, an
other draws their teeth, while a near
piston rod punches arsenic down thei(
windpipe.

xml | txt