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EDGE~luD 6ADV RT ISR
- t 5silltruBigyts 31ios poitis, era 2nttint, Cihurautre,' J1raifia, Erittetrne, aiititire, &C.
"We will cling to the Pillars of the Temple of our Li crties, and if it must fall, we will Perish amidst the Ruins."
W. F. DURISOE,. Proprictor* ~ EDGEFIELD, S. C., DECEMBER a, 152L.V-NO--"-"
[Fromt the Palmnetto Stetinel.]
A WIFE WAETED.
Ye fair ones attend, I've an otffering to nake you,
In llynaen's soft banns, I ama anxious to Lve,
For better, for worse, a onpaatni-an I'd take me;
Provided she fills the driseripton I give.
I neither exieet nor e-m hope ft.r a perfection,
Fur that never was in a bachrlor's lot :
But, chanosing a wire, I wouhl snake a selection,
Wh:ch inany in ny sxtuatian would not.
I'd have, let mne s.-e-I'd notlave a beiaty,
For beaut ful wae.nen are apt to be vain,
Yet with a satall share, I woult ternm it a duty
To take her, be thankful. and never comnpalain.
Hler form mnust be go.1, no art to conrtrain it,
And rather above, than below naiiddlie s:ze,
A some thing-:t puzzle" nay bra*n to (-xplain it,
Like eloquent language niust flow from her eves.
She must be well bred, er I cnulal not respect hi-r,
(od a tured uaA m.dest, but not very coy ;
IIrr m:nd well inf'orm-d, 'tis the purified nectar,
That sweeten's the cup of hy:anenaal joy.
Ier hone she mustt love, :n1 a]onwestie employment,
Iave pract:eal knowleJg.- of hous-hol a'i'r.4,
And make it a part of her higheet enjoyaenat
T,, lessen the tails of illy life and its cares.
H1er ag,, I woubl have it at least to be twelty,
But not to exceed twenty-five at the :nost,
An 1 the girls of that age being everywhere plenty,
I hope to get one of that numvrous host.
No fortun- I ask, for I've no prediletion,
For glitterinsg splurge, nor the pantail of high life
But wish to be bound by the cord of alleetion
And na>w I have drawn you a sketch of a wife.
Ir any ptsses the above requisition,
And wi.h to b., bonti by the conjugal bann,
They will please to step forward-th-y know the
Inquire of the printer-I'an always on liand.
From the Star Spansgled 1 Aftciner.
I PART FROM THEE, DEAR NATIVE HOME!
I part from thee. dlear :ative lioae,
But oh ! lisy leart's not aine,
For. thoulgh far fron thee I roa:n,
1)ear spot, ny h<-art is thine!
Ilark I through the Jeepenitzng gloom I ltar
On Ahispcring wiaads athe village b.'ll,
FIA oil, flow on:i thou lingering tear,
Sweet hope. it is thy knell.
Dark is my patah-a gloomy veil
Ilidos fron lay view tle dawninsg morrow
It cannot oothe mlay rantkling sorrow
When far fromn the, dear nat've hone,
N sceaecs any heart woul'l cheer
I'll turn from them anal weep alte,
For you, oy al, a tear.
I feel th., pangs, the soul-felt grief,
That tears nay leart in twain
The anguish, as a ho n I leave,
I ne'er may see again !
Steeh is aasy sorrow-suea my thought
Teso keen th.:se pang< would be,
If frain this earth. Almighty God,
I could not lo4ok to thee!
A SAFE BET.
Anorr the tite oil* the first influx of im
migration into California, a little seene ne
curred on the steamer Tennessee, during
one of her upward cruizes in the aceific
Ocean, which we do naot remembeatr of s,-e'ingz
ins prisnt, buat ever pubalishied or slot, will, we
thinak, hear recpeatinag.Ot
Onec of the'se motralfugi society i
genecral parhlace by the.'sonabrignect of' "blhack
legs," hsad spreasd ai temuptinag bu~it, isa thte
way oif a little fasro, before a paromtiscuonas
asasesmbl age of suckers, IH oresiers, Bnekeyes,~
Coranerackers, &c., whlo wtere ons their way1
way to the Newv El Doado. Among the
miunbtlers was a sttardy Kentuackiana whlo ina
humbaille suait of hsomaespuns, stood watchaingr
the gasme with interest.
" hlere old feller, I lost a tent, thant timse,
anad here's the moaney."
" low is thaat," exclazimed thse shaarper, " I
saw yout make ano bet ?"
"Well you see, I sez to myselIf, sez 1, that
jack's beena an untcommlson Iucky keard, a
dod darnt myt pieters, ef I doan't bet ai tean ont
it ; so the pesaky jack lost, anad you've got
Th'linking lie had picked sap a green horn,
.the gambller gavte a sly winak at the few
"ksnowinag ones," whon encircled himz, anad
wvent oat witha the game.
After a fewtt deals, our cornt cracker ssmacsk
ed his fist emphabathenlly ona the tabhle, anad ex
elsiaied: " Dod rababit it, Ihar gates anothier
' sw-biuck,' on the plagnsey jacek, here take
it old haorse fi.
Witha ast ill'sutppressed grin of saiisfnectiona
the sha~rper took the moneyW), and addeltd it to
thec raidcly growinlg pile before himt.
In (lue course of timec, the jack cnme uap
triumpant, ansd otur yeomana, jump~insg up
nearly to the ear lines, cracked his heels to-'
ge ther anad exclasimed:
" By G-d, 1 tron fifiy that time ; so fork
up yo'ru lovely old cuss yo.
The "sell" was so evident, that the gam-.
bIer land nothisng else to do than to pay the
monelay wtith the resmaurk thtat " the ntext tirme
thse Kesntuekian madle a bet. he wntted him
to putt the smoney down's."-Cinscisnnati Costa
Tnsn followiatg rieba scene recenatly occur
red in one of our conrts of jtastice bettweeni
thte judge anld a Dutch witness all the way
Jntdge-Wehat 'as y'Our native lasngun~ge ?
Witness-l lie sao n1ative, l'se a Duatchant.
J.-Wthatt is yourn mothser tonaguec?
W1.-Oh, fader says she be all tonague.
J.-(isn asa irritable tone)-Whtat lanagulage
did you speak in the cradle?
W.--J did not speak any language ian the
cradle at all, I only cried1 in Dooch.
"Yousa~ mtan, do you kanowv whaat rela
tioans you saustaitn in thais wtorld !" said a
minister of otar acquainatar-Ce to a yoaung
man of thec chaurcha. " Yes, sir," sasid the
hsopeful conavert, " twvo couzsians anad a grand
mother, baut I dotn't inltend~ to sustaim thema
No-r having room to give the Message of
President FILLMORE in full, we have taken
the trouble of reading it closely, with the
purpose of selecting such extracts as might
occur to us as being of greatest interest.
The sum and substance of the rest we give
in our own aniguage as briefly as possible.
With all due respect for his Presidential
Highness we must premise our extracts by
saying that the very first short sentence we
meet wilh, is an utter mistake. A more "ex
traordinary political eveit" than PIERCE's
alost unanimous elevation to the Presiden
cv, involving (as it has done) the entire
overthrow of the Whig Party, has not per
haps occurred since the Revolution. Ap.
propriate brevity characterises the remaining
portion of the exordium.
Fellou-Cifi:cns of the Senate
and Iouse <f Rej-resentatirers:
The brief space which has elapsed since
the close of yonr list Session has beenl
marked by no extraordina.iy political event.
The quadreinial electinit of Chief Miagis
tr:te Is passed off with less thani the usual
excitemeint. However individuals and par
ties may have been disappointed in the re
sult, it is nevertheless a ruhject of national
cotigratulationi thatt tie choice has ien ef
fected by the independent suffrages of a free
peollit, utlisiturbed by those influences
which in other countries have too often af
fected the purity of popular elections.
Our grateful thanks are due to an All
mercifil Providence, not only for staying
the pestilence whic-h in diflierent forms has
I(desolated some of our cities, but fir crown
hig the lalmbors of the huslandman with an
abiudant harvest, and the nation generall v
with the blessings of peace and prosperity.
Within a Cew weeks the public mind has
been deeply affiected by the death of Daniel
Webster, fillinig at his decease the ollice of
Secretary of State. His associates in the
Executive government have sincerely sym
patlized with his famnil'y and the iublic gen:.
erally on this mournfid occasion. His con
manding taleits, his great political and pro
fessiuinal eminence, his well-tried patriotismn,
and his loig and faithful services, in the
most important pubilic trusts, have caused
his death to lie lamented throughout the
country, and have earned for him a lasting
place in our history.
After this.ilows a paragraph or two
about the Ftisleriss. Thatile-mffrdment
ty het ween our Government and England in
this matter has leen terminated every news
paper reader knows. The President anti
ipates that the rernaining points at issue
will be settled amicably during the ensuing
In reference to Cula, the Message con
tainls the following statement and opinions:
The alrairs of Cuba formed a prominent
topic inl my hast annual message. They re
ma i in l uneasy condition, and a feeling
of alarm and irritation on the part of the
Cuban authorities appeatrs to exist. This
feeliig Ias interfered with the regular com
mercial intercourse between the Uiited
States and the iland, and led to some acts
of which ve have a right to complain. But
the Captain General of Can is clothed withI
no power to treat with foreign governments,
nor is he in any dege'e under thme control of
the Spanish Minister at Washington. Any
communientio~n which lie may hold with an
agent of a foreign power is informial and
matter of courtesy. Anxions to puit an end
to the existing inconvenienmces, (whieb seem
to rest on a mnisconcepmtion,) I directed the
newly appointed Minibter to Mexico to visit
lavanam, ona his way to Vera Cruz. He was
respectfumlly received lay thme Captain Geni
eral, who conferred with hiim freely on the
recenit occumrrences; lbut no permanent ar
raiigieent was effected.
lIn the mean time, the refusal of thme- Cap
tiii Genierail to allow passengers and the
mil to be landed in certain cases, for a rca
son whlich does nott furnish ini the opinion of
this G overnnment e*ven a gZood presut mptive
grund foar stuch a prohibition, has been
made the subject of a serious renmonstranmce
at Madr id ; and I have no0 reaisoni to dhoubt
that due respect w ill lbe paid by the gov
ernoin-nt of Her Catholie Majesty to the
representations whlich our Minister has been
instructed to make un the subject.
It is baut justice to thme Captamin General to
add, that his conduct towards the steamers
emplloyedl to carry the mais of the United
States to IHavana hmas, with the exceptions
aonve :alluded to, been marked with kinid
ness and liberalitv, and indicates no general
pups of interfering wvith the commercial
correspondenice amid iintercourse between the
island and this country.
Early in the prescent year official notes
were receivedh from the Ministers ol Framnce
aiid Eniglaiid, inviting the Government of
the United States to become a party with
Great Bitaini and France to a tripartite
Conven~ton, ini virtue of which thme three
powe'rs should severally antd collectively (is
elaim, nowv and for the future, all intention
to obtain possession of the Island of Cuba,
and should bind themselves to discounte
nance all attempts to that effect on the part
of any power or indhividlual whalntever. This
invitation has been respectfully declined, for
reasons which it would occupy too mneh
space in this communication to state in dle
tail, but which led mec to think that thme pro
posedh measure wvould be of doubtful con
stitutionality, impolitic, and unavailing. I
have, howvever, in common with several of
my predecessors, directed the- Ministers of
France and England to be assuredi that the
United States entertain no designs against
Cuba; but that, on the contrary, 1 should
regard its incorporation into the Union at
tme piresent time as fraught with serious
Were this island comparatively destitute
of inhabitants, or occupied by a kindred
by Spain. as a most desirable acquisition.-|
But, under existing circumstances, I should
look upon its incorporation into our Union
as a very hazardous measure. It would
bring into the Conflederacy a population of
a diferent national stock, speaking a diffier
ent hnguage, and not likely to hannonize
with the other members. It would probably
iffct in a prejudicial manner the industrial
interests of the South ; and it might revive
tiose coiicts of opinion betweei the dif
flerent sectiois of the country, which lately
shook the Union to its centre, and which
have been so happily compromised.
After this, the President goes on to speak
of the projected ship-canal across the Isth
mus of Suez, to which it seems Costa Ricu
aid the Mosquito Indians have assented,
while Nicaragua still stands aloof, with seh
gradually relaxing sternness however that it
it hoped sle will :lso soon he in a consent
ing moo.I.-Venezuela is said to have ac
kiowledged some claims of our citizens
The new Confederacy of States in South
America is to be approached by our Minis
ter and Charge (I airs inl that section on
the subject of Commercial privileges, and
it is hoped the extensive countries upon the
La Plata will soon be opened to our trade.
To the treaty with Uruguay there is the
following brief allusion:
A treaty of commerce has been coneln.
ded between the United States and the Ori
ental ieptulic of Uruguay, which will lie
id before the Senate. Should this Con
enlion go inlto operation, it will open to the
commercial enterprise of our citizens a coun
try of great extent and unsnrpassed in natu.
al resonrces,but from which foreign nations
have hitherto been albost wholly excluded.
The title of Peru to the Lobos Islands is
sffited as being now beyond a doubt. Am.
pe apology has been made for the wrong
done her iv our shipping. She is disposed
to be friendly and to give us facilities in the
Guano trade.-The account of our Pacitic
prospects is interesting. We give it entire.
Our settlements on the shores of the Pa
cific have already given a great extension,
and in some respects a new direction, to our
commerce in that ocean. A direct and ra
idly.inerensinig intercourse has sprung tip
with Easterna Asia. The waters of the
Northern Pacific, even into the Arctic sea,
iave of late years been frequented by our
halemen. lTe application of steam to the
reerxprum of navigatonu ow.,bqqu A
iily more common, and makes -if JeiiT
to o.btain fNel and other necessary supplies
t conivenient points oi the route between
Asia and our Pacific shores. Our unfortu.
ate countrymen who from time to time
stmffer shipweck on the coasts of the eastern
eas are entitled to protection. Besides
these specific objects, the general prosperit
f our States on the Pacific requires that i
ttempt shonld he made to opten the oJ)pn
site regions of Asia to a mutually beneicial
It i.4 obvious that this attempt could be
made by no power to so great advantage as
av the United States, whose constitutional
Bsytem excludes every idea of distalit cdio.
nial dependencics. I have accordinglybeer
led to order an appropriate.naval forcetoia
at, under the conmmnid-of: discreetiid
itelligenut oficer of the higheat.'rank known
o our service. lie is-instruotddto endeavor
o obtain from the governmient6 etat couna
ry somie relaxation of-the-.inhosjskble and
at i-social system whichite~haspursued lfor
bout two centuries. - He- has b'een directed
ya-rinlarly to remonistrato in the strongest
anguage against the cruel treatment to which
ur shipwrecked mariners have often beenR
smhjeted, and~ to insist that they shall bi
reted wvith humanilty. He is itnsta-ucted
owever at the sameotiqtyto give that gor
rnent the amaplest assurances that the ob
ets of the United States are such and such
nly as I have indicated, and that the expe
(lition is frienidly and peaceful. Notwith.
stadinig the jealousy with whlich the govern
aents of Eastern Asia re(gard all overtures
frim foreigners, I am not without hopes of a
Geeficial result of the expedition. Should it
ie crowned with success, the .advantages
wvill not be confined to the United States,
ut, as in the case of China, will he equally
tnjoyed lhv all the other maritime powers.
I h:ve mouch satisfaction in stating that ini
all the steps preparatory to this expieditiont
the Governmnit of the United States has
been materially aided by the good olice'rs
of the Kiing of the Ne-therahnds, the only En
ropean power having any commtercial rela
tios with Japan.
The Treasury, anfter paying the expendi
tres of the fiscal year eniding June 30th
and a p~ortion of the Public Debt (including
the last instalment to Mexico) had fourteen
millions left. During the same time tho
country hats imported to the amount of $207.
20,101, andl has exported to the amount
of $107,000,000, besides $12,000,000 of
specie. The message next maititains the
necessity of'a moderate discriminating TariiT
for protection, reiterating the old arguments.
It then recommends that duties lie levied
according to the val uo of merchandise in
our poirts, ntot, as nowi, according to the es
timte at the place of shipment. The main
reason for this is to prevent fraud by false
invoices.-Common humanity backs the fol
lowiig suggestioan in referetnce to our In
The Senate not having thought proper to
ratiy the treaties which had been negotiated
with the tribes of Indians in California and
Oregon, our relations wvith them hiave been
left in a very unsatisfactory condition.
Ini other parts of our territory particular
districts of country have been set apart for
the exclusive occupation of the Indians, andl
their right to the landls within those limits
has been acknowledged and~ respected. But
in California anud Oregon there has beeni no
..mcogni itn by the Governienit of the ex
elusive right of the Indians to any part of the
country. They are therefore mere tenants
at sufferance, and liatble to be driven from
place to place, at the pleasure of the whites.
The treaties whrith have been rejected
proposed to remedy this evil by allotting to
the diff'erent tribes districts of country snita
ble to their habiti of life, and sufficient for
their support. This ffovision, more than any
other, it is helieved,led to their rejection,
and as no substitute for it has been adopted
by Congress, it hias not been deemed advisa.
le to attempt to enter into new treaties of
a permnanent characer, although no cffort
has been spared by 1tmporary arrangements
to preserve friendly relations with them.
If it be the desire 6f Congress to remove
them from the country altogether, or to'as.
sign to them particular districts more remote
from the settlements of the whites, it will be
porper to set apart hy. law the territory which
they are to occupy, and to provide the means
necessary for removin, them to it. Justice
alike to onr own citizens and to the Indians
reqnires the promptiaction of Congress on
From facts known to the Government, a
general emigration of the Seminoles is pro
mised at an early dy.-The report of the
General Land office shows that near five
millions of acres ofrthe public domain have
been disposed of within the last fiscal year,
in the way of sales, location of land war
rants,&c. For internal improvements, three
iniilions of acres la e hoen appropriated.
The survey of the "territory acquired from
Mexico is not yet coipleted, the work hav
ving been stopped from some deficiency in
the provision made by Congress for defray.
ing the expenses thdreof.-Several improve
ments of the Distri4t of Columbia, such as
a supply of water, gaving the streets &c.,
are recommended bj Congress, under whose
pecial care that Nistrict is.-Out of our
army of 11,000 meb, 8,000 have been em
played in protectin our frontier, which they
ave done with g tifying success.-lt is
urged upon Texas t set apart a small por
tion of her vast te tory, for the occupancy
3f the Indians withii her borders, to prevent
iimosities which 4ould prove troublesome
to the General Go rnmuent.-Some appro.
)riation is recomanf ded for fortifications on
:he Atlantic const- Additional appropria
ions wvill e rquir l for the completion of
narks upon our Nival affairs are not with.
The report from the Navy Department
will inform you of the prosperous condition
>f the branch of the public service commit
:ed to its charge. It presents to your con
sideration many topics and suggestions of
hich I ask your approval. It exhibits an
mnusual degree of activity in the operation
f the Department during the past
h'e preparati.n.i for the Japan expedition, t
wvhicl I have already alluded ; the arra '.
neits made for the 'exploratiomi and su f
f ie China Seas, the N orthern Pacific, and
Behrig's Straits; the incipient measures
aken towaii a reconnoisance of the conti
eiit of Africa eastward of Liber ia ; the pre.
ration for' an early examination of thie tri
jutaries of the River La Plata, which a
recent decree of a provisional JdefI of the
Argentine Confederation has od to nua
rigationi; all these enterprises, a .e means
fIjtwhich they are proposed 'acconh
ried; have commanded my pproba
oigj,and I haive no doubt wizll ductive
~fthe most useful results.
Tw*o officers of the navy wer 'ofore
instructed to explore the whbole ex f the
Amazon river from the confines of'a to
its mouth. The return of one of th~ -has
placed in the possession of the Gove iisent
in interestinig and valuabile account of the
:brater and resources of a country a bound
tg in the materials of commerce, and which,
f opened to the industry of the world, will
'rove an inexhaustible fund of wealth. The
repor t of this exploration will he comnmuni
uated to you as soon as itis completed.
Among other subjects offered to your no
ti'e by the Secretary ot the Navy, I select
r special .oimmendation, ini view of its
connexion with the interests of the navy, the
plant submtitted by binm for the establismient
of a permianenit corps oh seamen, and the
suggetions he ha reeted for the r-r
ganizationm of the Naval Acatdemny.
In reference to the first of these I take
occasion to say that I think it will greatly
impove the etliciency of the service, and
that I regard it as stilt more entitled to favor
for the salutary influence it must exert upon
the naval discipline, now greatly disturbed
by the increasing spirit of insubordination,
resulting from our piresent system. T1he
planm proposed for the organization of the
seamen furnishes a judicious substitute for
the lawv of September, 1850, abolishinig cor
poad punishmuent, and satisfactorily sustains
the policy of that act, under conditions well
adapted to maintain the authority of comn
nmnd, and the order and security of our ships.
It is believed that any change which propo
ses permanently to dispense with this mode
of punishment, should be preceded by a sys
tem of enlistment which shall supply the
navy wvith seamen of then most meritorious
class, whose good deportment and pride of
character may preclude all occasion for a
resort to penalties of a harsh or degrading
nature. The safety of a ship and her crew
is often dependant upon immediate obedience
to a command, and the authority to enforce
it must lie equally ready. The arrest of a
refractory seaman, in such moments, not
only deprives the ship of indispcnsablhe aid,
ut imposes a ntecessity for double service on
others wvhose fidelity to their duties may be
relied upon in such an emergency. The
exposure to this increased and arduous labor,
since the passage of the act o~f 1850, has
alreatdy had, to a most observable and inju
-ious extent, the eaf'ect no' nreentineg the en
listment of the best seamen in the navy.
The pln: now suggested is designed to pro.
mote a condition of service in which this
objeclion will no longer exist. The details
of this plan may he established in great part,
if not altogether, by the Executive, under
the authority of existing laws; but I have
thought it proper, in accordance with the
anggestion of the Secretary of the Navy, to
submit it to your approval.
Thie establishment of a corps of appren.
tices for the navy, or boys to be enlisted un
till they become of age, and to bo employed
under such regulations as the Navy Depart.
ment may devise, as proposed in the report,
I cordially approve and commend to your
consideration ; and I also concur in the sug.
gestion that this system for the early training
of seamen may be most usofully engrafted
upon the service of our merchant marine.
The receipts of the P. 0. Department are
less by $1,431,000 than in the preceding
fiscal year, owing to the reduction of post
age. 'he President still recommends an
adhesion to the late law.-The next long
paragraph enumerates the various things to
which President Fillmore has called the at
tention of Congress in former messages, but
which Congress has not thought proper to
act upon, and concludes by recommending
them again and for the last time.-Then
comes an allusion to the Cabinet and the
dangers of corruption, which we give as
being decidedly good:
I think it due to the several executive De
partments of this Government to bear testi.
maly to the elliciency and integrity with
which they are conducted. With all the
careful superintendaice which it is possible
for the heads of those departments to exercise
still the due administration and guardianship
of the public money must very much depend
on the vigilance, the intelligence, and fidelity
of the silbordinate officers and clerks, and
especially on those entrusted with the settle.
ment and ad justment of claims and account.
I am gratified to believe that they have gen.
rally nerformed their duties faithfully and
well. 'They are appointed to guard the ap
proaches to the public treasury, and they oe
upy positions that expose them to all the
temptations and seductions which the cupid.
ity of peculators and fiandulent claimants
can prompt them to employ. It will he but
a wise precaution to protect the Government
against that source of mischief and corrup.
tion, as far as it can be done, by the enact.
merit of all proper legal penalties. The
laws, in this respect, are supposed to be de
it- mycuty to
callyour'attention E TpotU AUnjems aus%!..M -
commend that provision be made by law for
the puiiishmeilnt not only of those wilo shall
accept bribes, but also of those who shall
promise, give, or offer to give to any of those
officerssqr elT a bribe or reward, touching
or relatin matter of their official ac
tion .or d
portion of the message
we j-uj V out mutilation. Many of
ections contained therein are just
tone is good. As the parting adino
nition of an American President it merits
the attention of every American citizen.
It has been the uniform policy of this
Government from its fonndation to the pre
sent day to abstain from all interference in
the doiiestic affahirs of other naitioins. The
consequenoe has been that wvhile tie nations
of Eudjl have been engaged in desolating
wars, dur coountry has p hursu'its peaceful
56iirse to unexampled prosl and hap.
pies 'rhe wars in which .ave been
enipelled to engage, ill e of the
rt''hnor of tile coun -ave beeni
orli 'ofsotduration.- uring the
terrific . of nation aginstnai,
which succee ~cFrench revolution, we
were enabled by the wisdom aiid firmness of
President Washington to maintain our neu
trality. While other nations were drawn
into this wide sweeping whirlpool, we sat
giiet and unmoved upon our owin shores.
While the Ilower of their numerous armlies
was wasted by disease or perished 1y liun
dreds of thlousandsl upon the battle-field, the
youth (if this fatvored land were permitted
to enjoy the blessinigs of pence beneath the
paterial roof. While the States of Europe
incurred einormouls debts, under the burden1
of wvhich their subjects still groan, and
wibi must absorb no0 small plart ofi the pie.
luct of the honest inldustry of those couni
tries for generaitionis to caine, thle United
States have once been enlabledl to exlhbit the
proud spectacle of a nation free from pulhic
debt ; amid, if permlitted to pursue our pros
perons way for a fewv years loinger in pence,
we may do tihe same again.
But it is now said by some that this poli
cy must be changed. Europe is no longer
separated from us by a voyage of months,
but steam navigalioni has brought her with
i a few days' sail of our shores. We see
more of her movenments, and take a deeper
interest in her controversies. Although no
one proposes that we should join the frater
ity of' potentates wvho have for ages lavish
ed tihe blood and treasnre of their subjects
in naintaininlg " tile balance of power," yet it
is said that we ought to inlterfere between
contendinlg sovereigns anmd their subjects,
for the purpose0 of overthrowing the mon
archies of Europe and establishing ini thieir
place republican institultions1. It is alleged
that we hlave heretofore pursued a different
course from ia senise of our weakness, but
tt now our conscious strength dictates a
change of policy, and that it is consequent
hy our duty to mingle ill these conltests and
aid those who are struggling for liberty.
This is a most seductive but dangerous
appeal to tile generous sympathies of free.
mn. Enjoyinmg as we do thme blessings ofta
free governmifent, there is no man who has
an Americanl heart that would not rejoice to
see these blessings extended to all other
nattions. WVe canlnot witne'ss the struggvle
between the oppressed and his oppressor
anyhere withmout tihe dleepest sympathy for
the former, and the most anxious desire for
is: tiuh.:- Nevetheles is it prudent or
is it wise to involve ourselves in these for.
eign wars I Is it indeed true that we have
heretofore refrained from doing so merely
from the degrading motive of a conscious
weakness I For the honor of the patriots
who have gone before us, I cannot admit it.
Men of the Revolution who drew the sword
against the oppressions of the mother
country, and pledged to Heaven " their lives,
their fortunes, and their sacred honor" to
maintain their freedom, could never have
been actuated by so unworthy a motive.
They knew no weakness or fear where right
or duty pointed the way, and it is a libel
upon their fair fame for us, while we enjoy
the blessings for which they so nobly
fought and bled, to insinuate it. The truth
is that the course which they pursued was
dictated by a stern sense of international
justice, by a statesmanlike prudence and a
farseeing wisdom, looking not merely to the
present necessities, but to the permanent
safety and interest of the country. They
knew that the world is governed less by
sympathy than by reason and force; that it
was not possible for this nation to become
a " propagandist" of free principles without
arraying against it the combined powers of
Europe; and that the result was more like.
ly to be (lie overthrow of republican liberty
here than its establishment there. History
has been written in vain for those who car#
doubt this. France had no sooner estab
lished a republican form of government
than she manifested a desire to force its
blessings on all the world. Her own histo.
rian informs us that, hearing of some petty
acts of tyranny in a neighboring Frinci.
" The National Convention declared that
he would afIfrd succor and fraternity to
all nations who wished to recover their lib.
erty; and she gave it in charge to the execu
Live power to give orders to the generals
Df the French armies to aid all citizens who
might have been or should be oppressed in
the cause of liberty." Here was the false
step which led to her subsequent misfor
tunes. She soon fonnd herself involved in
var with all the rest of Europe. In less
han ten years her government was changed
Irom a republic to an empire: and finally,
ifter shedding rivers of blood, foreign pow.
rs restored her exiled dynasty, and exhaust.
d Europe sought peace and repose in the
inquestioned ascendency of monarchial
irinciples. Let us learn wisdom from her
mxample. Let us remember that revolutions
lo not always establish freedom. Our own
'roe institutions were not the off'spring of
>ur Revolution. They existed before. They
6vere planted in the free charters of self
government under which the English colo.
power, whose government was atrvaanetr
vith those institutions. But European na.
:ions have had no such training for self gov.
rnment, and every effort to establish it by
loody revolutions have been, and must,
ithout that preparation, continue to be a
'ilure. Liberty, unregulated by law, de.
enerates into anarchy, which soon becomes
he most horrid all despotisins. Our
olicy is wisely ! ver eves,
hereby to set sueh> eqxamn
ustice, prosperity, and true
each to all nations the blessings. otlf
overnment, and the unparalleled- enterprise
mnd success of a free people.- -
We live in an age of pvogruss.and ours
s emihatically a country' of progress.
Within the last half dentuystherutinher of
tates in this Uniion'has nearlydibled, the
opulation has almost quadrupled, and
>oundaries have been extended fr~P
Wississippi to the Pacific. Our territory is
bequered over withl railroads, and furrowved
vith canals. The inventive talent of our
ountry is excited to the highest pitchl, anid
lie numerous applications for patents for
raluable improvements distinguishl this age
mnd this people from all others. The genius
f one American has enabled our commerce
o move against wind and tide, and that of
mtothler has annihilated distance in thme
ransmission of intelligence. The whole
ountry is full of enterprise. Our common
chools are difiusing intelligence among the
>eople, and our industry is fast accumulating
he comforts and luxuries of life. This is
n part owing to our peculiar position, to
>ur fertile soil, and comparatively sparse
>ouationl; but muach of it is also owing to
he popular institutions under which wve live,
:o the freedom- which every man feels to
mgage in any useful plursuit, according to
is taste or inclination, and to the entire
:onfidence that his person and property will
> protected by the laws. But whatever
naly lbe the cause of this unpiaralleled growth
ni population, intelligence, and wvealth, one
hing is clear, that the Government must
~eep pace with the progress of the people.
It must p)articipate in their spirit of enter
rise, and wvhile it exacts obedienee to the
laws, and restrains all unauthorized invasions
of the rights of neighboring States, it
shol foster and protect home industry,
ad lend its powerful strength to the im.
provement 'of such means of intercommu
nition as are necessary to promote our
internal commerce amid strengthen the ties
which bind us together as a people.
It is not strange, however much it may be
regretted, that such an exuberance of enter
prise should cause some individuals to mis
take change for progress, anid the invasion
of the rights of others for national prowess
and glory. The former are constantly agi
tating for some chanige in the organic lawv,
or urging newv and untried theories of hu.
man rights. The latter are ever ready to
engage in aniy wild crusade against a neigh
boring people, regardless of the justice of
the enterprise, and without looking at the
~aad consequence to ourselves and to the
canse of popular government. Such expe.
ditions, howvever, are often stimulated by
mercenary individuals, who expect to share
the plunlder or profit of the enterprise with
out exposing themselves to danger, and led
on by some irresponsible foreigner, wvho
abuses the hospitality of our own Govern
ment b~y seducing the younig and ignorant to
join in his scheme of personal ambition or
revenge, nmler the fale and d.lusi-e ne.
ten-e of extending the area of freedom.
These reprehensible aggressions but retard
the true progress of our nation and tarnish.
its fair fame. They should, therefore, re
ceive the indignant frowns of every good
citizen who sincerely loves his country, and
-takes a pride in its prosperity and honor.
Our Constitution, though not perfect, is
doubtless the best that ever was formed.
Therefore let every proposition to change it
be well weighed, and if found beneficial
cautiously adopted. Every patriot will re
joice to see its authority so exerted as to
advance the prosperity and honor of the
nation, whilst he will watch with jealousy
any attempt to mutilate this charter of our
liberties, or pervert its powers to acts of
aggression or injustice. Thus shall conser
vatism and progress blend their harmonious
action in preserving the form and spirit of.
the Constitution, and at the same time car
ry forward the great improvements of the
country with a rapidity and energy which
freemen only can display.
In closing this, my last annual communi
cation, permit me, fellow citizens, to congrat'
ulate you on the prosperous condition of our
beloved country. Abroad its relations with
all foreign powers are friendly; its rights are
respected, and its high place in the family of
nations cheerfully recognised. At home we
enjoy an amount of happiness, public and
private, which has probably never fallen to
the lot of any other people. Besides afford-'
ing to our own citizens a degree of prosper
ity, of which on -so large a scale I know of
no other instance, our country is annually
affording a refuge and a home to multitudes,
altogether without example, from the Old
We owe these blessings, under Heaven, to,
the happy Constitution and Government
which were bequeathed to as by our fathers,
and which it is our sawced duty to transmit
in all their integrity to our children. We
must all consider it a great distinction and
privilege to have been chosen by the people.
to bear a part in the administration of such
a Government. Called by an unexpected
dispensation to its highest trust at a season.
of embarrassment and alarm, I entered upon
its arduous duties with extreme diffidence. I
claim only to have discharged them to the
best of an humble ability, with a single eye to
the publie good; and it is with devout grati
tude, in retiring from office, that I leave the
country in a state of peace and prosperity.
WAslIINGToN, December 6, 1852
ruaP T8 LOO OUT:
"Twenty-four Pedlars all in a Row."
On Monday morning last, twenty-four Irish
goods, consisting of silks, laces, musins lin
ens, &c., &c., which they will, no doubt, en
deavor to dispose of without the usual taxes
levied on merchants and regular pedlars. It
therefore, behooves those who pay taves for
the privilege of selling goods, to keep a sharp
look out for these characters. When these
characters first made their appearance in
this neighborhood, it was to sell a little lin.
MEthe produce of their own hands, to sup.
p dear wife and children with potatoes,
or. ."move them to this " blessed coon
try;',d their pitiful tales excited sympa.
thgotugh in their behalf, to enable them
toitgood business. This fact added to
thme1V number, until the whole country is over
run with them.
*It may not be generally known, but never
theless, such is the fact, that the business is
systematically prosecuted, not only by these
foot-pads, but by men of wealth. In Newv
York there are several Large establishments,
which import all the goods, smuggling in as
many as possile. These establishments
sent out the foot.pads all over the country
to retail the gaods, in direct violation o
law. -Hence their ability to undersell the
honest dealer, who pays the duties and tax
es. 'The system has grown, until it has be.
come a serious evil, and should be put a sto
to. W~e do not doubt there are many who
for the sake of getting bargains, will buy o
these men, and keep their secret; but a ve
little effort on the part of those whose inter
et are irost affected, will arrest thme evil
It is possible these men may be abolitio
emmissaries, and that they may be as inten
tly sowing the seeds of incendiarism, as u
on sellinggoods.-Cheraw Gazette.
16n. CAILuOUN's OPINxo~s wITH REGAR
TO CUBA.-'The New York Journal of Co
merce prev'ous to a weldl reasoned article o
the policy of the South in relation to Cu
makes the followving statement:
"'The great Statesman wvho so long and
ably represented South Carolina in the cou
cils of the nation, once observed to us in
conversation relating to this island, that'C
ban was forbidden fruit to the United Sta
Hie spoke at great length and with mu
earnestness, of the dangers from the attem
to absorb it, and declared that our poll
with respect to it shonld be limited to preve
its being acquired by any of the strong G
eruments of the world; that it was in
hands o fa weak power,wvhich held it
sort of stakeholder between the nations
the earth ; that through our commerce
were quietly but effectually enjoying all t
we could claim or expect of its industry ;
its Government wvas improving through
example; that life and property were
cooming entirely safe there, and that the
quisition of the island through conquest, e
taining as it did a foreign, and, also, a al
population, wvould be fraught with great
gers to us, and must be prevented."
CoUNTrFErIT.--We were yesterday sh
a counterfeit 620 bill on the Comme
Bank of this town. The note has a vil
ous look, bad paper and badly executed,
head of the vignette runs into the curved
at the top of the bill " Columbia South
olina." 'rho signatures of the Cashier
President, A. J. Crawford and A. BI
are evidently written with the same ink.
word " T wenty," on the left hand lower
ner of the bill, is very much bA