Newspaper Page Text
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-- W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor. EDGEFIELD, S. C., ~ UARY 18, 1854.
1MI I- I
THE EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER
IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BY
W. F. DURISOE, Proprietor.
ARTHUR SIMKINS, Editor.
'- ..'Two DOLLARS per year, if paid in advance-Two
'Dot.i..as and FIFTy CI:.TS if not. paid within slix
months.-anid Tuinte Ioi..Ans If not paid befon- the'
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When only published 3lonthly or Quarterly $1, per
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Those desiring to advertise by the year can do so on
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raets for yearly advertising are yonfinerl to the imne
diate, legitimate husineess of the firm or imividumal
cntracting. Transient Advertisements muet be paid
for in advance.
For announcing a Candidate, Three Dollars, in
For Advertising Estrays Tolled,Two Dollars, to be
said by the Magistrate advertising.
Counting House- Calendar for 1854.
:1 1(1'1 12 1:1:14
15 1t. 17 1 - 19 2n l
I: 13(4 31' , "
FEBRUARY ........ .... 2 3 4
12 1:$ 14 15 16 i17 18
119 1111 ., 1,:'
MARtCil............... 1 ; 31 4
5 .2 9 i l
i "$ 1'1(1111
1'! 13 14 15 1; I, IS
j!1 27 28 93 31
APRIL... .......I..... .
.1 "13 .i- t, . '
-'9111 ll 3l I4 '
I 2.125 26 27 28'2
MAY.................. . l 3 .';
7 19 1'0 1 -12
7 , .1 9 Ito) ii
4 1'U _)1 1,
1 4 516i 17
J UNE .................. . " 1: 2 ;
10 il 21:114 1
:>~ ~~ 1 i 'i7 8 : ;'9 :111'
AUGU.ST................ , 4 5
. 9 '9 1; 11 .1
l ;4 It;. , li.7 IS 'D
1 14 -''i i l1 9
-3. 4. 5 6r .7' 8; i
10.11 i ' 13+14 I.l;
i .8 1 O 0 2 -22 2
24 25 262" :s Bp :11
OCTOBER .............- I . 1 61 7
8 n il 12 13 14
15 Ii 17 i1.T1 02
wNVEMR .......---.. . t2 3' 4
1 0 i Il% 0 :629 2
WTrLL be found at all tines in his Ofic, at
SEdgefield Court Ihouse, near the Pr.ANTEtts
ie will attend promp1tly and-strictly to business
ini his profecssin.
Nov.14 tf 51
A B NER P EIRR IN,
A G ENT foar ther r&eecuti1n of Cliin.4 for 11enn
tv Land1.,.eoh~atioinary and other Pen laoiu
(ttil-e at EdgelieldI C. 11., S. C.
FELI-. E. BOD1E,
1'or Tax Collector.
TIhOMAS B. REESE,
A. R. ABLE,
31. Ii. WilITTLE,
JOIIN WV. SMITII,
W. F. DURLISOE,
THOS. G. BACON.
* R. B. BOUJKNIGHIT,
EDMUND PENN._ __
r1'a'HE Subiscriber hamving erected
- ..newv building. in the rear of Alessr
- Wu1L.I.uts & CnrIE and L. HILL'
Stores, is prepars.' to do all kinds of
IT~irse-Shoeinig. and Plantation work will rece
p.rompt attentioni. S. F. GOOD)E.
.han 19 .tr -1
resh NeV .Wheat Flour
ANYD YEAST -POWDERS.
J UST Recei't-d Tilht-y I1arels of thait Choic
-i Flour froin the T~iinblintShoiuils' Malls. Ever
Barrel sold enhm be rettirneti i~'iett aipprov-ed.
Also, Otae Gross of I'ado't & .Alerirell's !urallib!
Y EAST POWDIElS. No excense for bad brea
now. For side by G. L. PENN, Agent.
BY AlBY AL.LI\.
Up into the sunshine, soul of mine !
I broouk no darkness here ;
T sun is shining on the hills
In the tirt day of the year I
The gitteril. snow is on the J.ines,
Like frosted cones they rise,
Andi the earth below, andl the sky above,
Are clad in happey guise!
Up, up, my soul ! no longer Pit,
With folded hands, alone;
The Future apes her arms to thee,
The l'ast is '.ead anal gune !
The Future. with her luring voice,
. Cries, "11 ither, hither, sweet !'
The Past. a shadiow of the lost,
In tracking at my feet.
Up. up, my soul ! nor glance behind ;
Turn not oeu wistful look:
J.eave all the f':st to Ilin who gave,
To I l in. again, n ho took
Press oll, press on. the year of life
Cannet be always Mlay,
Yet the snow-ihirds sing on tie leafless tree.
And why not thou as they ?
t-p, tp, my souli no longer sit
Inert with fear and thread,
Since Nature's eahen is all around,
A md the sky shims over head
1.p, up. anl climb the mountain path,
With strong, unfettered will
Antl let lm-r notto ever be,
Onward and upwar.d" still.
Froml the ashinton t'ion.
THE iEASON WHY.
-" Why does late look so eale, muother ?
Why are her armns so snmial ?
Why dase she never smile, mother ?
Why deltei eye-d, e fail ?
Why des she wialk alone, mother?
As if she had no friend I
WIy does she 'sigh so oft, mother ?
I! rthe so :ear her cnd ?
Why does she breath so quick, muther ?
Anl start, as if it~lhmckel her
To hear the quiet r.p, mother,
Of Smith, the village doctor ?
Why does he come so oft, mother ?
Can lie prolong her days
By leaving pills and gifts, mother,
And singing love-sick lays?
'Twa.s but thgeotler nigbt, .namther,
" W k,, I~u.t d y,".. .,fr i. P0.4-.
She urged me to be goad, mauther,
And said we soon must part.
She said she was to go. mother,
Away from home and me,
And leave papa and you, mother,
To dwell near by the sea.
Is it on .llordon's stormy banks, mother,
Where sie is to be carried'."
"Shut up, shut up, you little brat
She'& going to he married !11
Frmi 'he Charleston Evening News.
A Visit to the Dorn Gold Mines.
Well at last, we are on our way to the
old diggings, though not bound for Califor
ia, for we have no idea of a toil-sonme and
ftiguing journey either around the Cape or
cross the Isthmmus, which miught last many
onths, ere we could reacht the far fanmed
pot. I think we can find even rich gold
ainefls a little nearer houme, amid I have no
laubt that if the nmounltains and ridges of
:aC~roina were well explored, anm abunmdance
f the pIreciouis imetal maight be discover,,,d,
whichm would well repay the toil and labor
f such an undertaiking.
Cot. U-- and muyse-lf wih another com.
paiomn, took time stagra at Edgefield towarth
Ahbeville', (for rat tiae border of the twoi-Dis
it--s the mnies are located.) I fo~und thet
Col. a v-ery pleasanit anid itnstructive stage
-Ompanion) ; his intllige-nt conmversation, am
e were jogging alonmg ov-er a raugh road
vore away the mnotonmy of our jouuniey
and fully compensated us for half-broker
ibs and~ achinig bones.
In the course of conversation I found thu
Col. and myself were tratvelling to the samt
point, both bound for thme diggings. .Wi
were at hrust permitted to escampe fuomi thu
stage at Liberty ljile, after hatving travellem
twemtythree mimles, when sev-enteen wouht
hve been sulllicethadl not the bridge acrosi
Tlurkr Creek been swept away by the
late rain. At tis place of freedom, (fori
was indeed a Liberty Hill unto us, w~ho ye
felt the eff'ects of a sore stage ride withou
sprinigs, and over a rough road,) we borrow
e d horses, and rode four miles to the plaec
where Mr. Dorni, the great goldmal~n liv-ed
of course, may curiousity wtas greatly excite'
to see what sort of an aimal a live owne
of a gold mine cotuld be; lie had been dos
crihed to me in different wtays, anid such
vrrietv of character had been given hin1
that I'was conipellod to imgine him as a
hge elephant or river-horse to be able t
characterize rall that was said of him ; yet t
my surprise, I met a comiparatively smna
man, plaini in his appearance, with a brigh
ee, who wa introduced to me as Mr. Dorn
ie was very pleasant in his conversation an
lof polite manners, as the Col. remuarked
" m born a gentleman, yet unassuming an
humble in his deportment."
Weo passed a pkeasant night with M
Dorn in company with other gentlemen froi
A bbeville District, and the nexit morning '
rode out to the miner, situated about fht
miles from Mr. Dorn'~s residence.
We arrived at the mills, wthere the c1
was groutnd up very fine. The ore, in wthic
ihe gol is containied is exceedingly fin
eand. small-particles, is a red-sandstone slat
which is occasionally interminlgled *il
quartz; consequently it is easily broken at
ground up. The process for obtainig tI
I tol.-s sipl ths: .rho rocks~ is ,.st bIn
ted in the mines, then broken by a snal
sledge; they are afterwards conveyed to thi
mill where they are crushed by heavy cas
iron wheels, running in a circular iron trough
into .which a constant stream of clear wate
is running and mingles itself vith the dir
coning froi the gold in the process of grin
ding; and then floats off; while the gold
which is much heavier,.inks to the bottom
and there ningles itself with the quick-silver
which is kept in the trough, catching evert
particle of gold. . There are also conductor
leading the muddy water from the top of thi
cast-iron -trough, which are so kned witl
buck-skin or wooled cloth that the gold
which might still remain, in this muddy wa
ter, will cleave to the fibres of this lining, it
order that nothing be lost ; yet with all hi
care, there is a man at this place who gatlt
ers this mud or sand thus floated off, washe
it, and still makes from two to three dollar:
per day, after paying his toll for this priv
Every two or three days the quick-silver
in which the gold has been caught, is take:
out of the troughs placed in buck-skin or
strong linen cloth, which is then pressed
when the pure quick-silver oozes out, leavin
about fifty per cent, gold, mixed with thi
same quantity of the mercury in( the cloth o
In order to obtain the pure gold from thi
mixture, it is placed in a retort, and with the
action of heat under the retort, the quick
silver is distilled from the pure gold, ani
thus the two metals are again divided. '1'h(
gold is taken from the retort, and the quick
silver is taken out of the water, where it ha
become ~congealed to its original state, am
is again used for the same purpose ; thnu
nothing of this metal is lost, it can be use<
repeatedly ; a small fresh supply is all that i
Mr. Dorn has leased a portion of his mint
to a company in New York, who have dif
ferent machinery for grindring ore ; it ii
composed of two very large cast-iron bowl:
or basins, about eight or ten feet in diameter
which are made to revolve by machinery ii
an inclined position ; a large cast iron ball
about one and half or two feet in diametel
is then placed within each of these basin!
which crush the ore in the action of rollin"
as the basins revolve. But in order to un
dersfaid this operation more fully, let an.
one take his wash-bowl, drop some sand (ii
place of ore) and water into it, then place ;
cannon ball in the bowl also, now give this
howl an inclined circular motion, and yot
may so in hear the, cannon ball grinding the
sa:d,- wich will give yot a perfect idea o
this much tsatlld9f iiachinery. The gok
is also caughtliv quielrsilver, in.'the sam
Mr. Dorn uses.
This New York machinery is though
will prove a complete 'failure, as it wate.
the gold very much ; and I have no doub
the company must resort also to the trougl
and wheels, since the amount of ore groun
up ii i day is not sa much- the object, a:
the amount of gold obt.tined from it.
The gold mine itself is not .a very inter
esting Eight,- nothing itiore than sr huge ex
cavation-- runtiing 'obliquely into the earth
of coursevery ;dark at Iho bottom, -wher
men are it - work drilling holes for. blasting
-the rock. . I rtrsoni. .f the specimens u
rock brought t4 the surfice, we are comgel
led to conclude that-the wihole of that sttata
of various rocks was once- subjected'to vol
canic action, and - may have been a heate,
liquid mass, as portions of the rock ha
every apipeaLrance of cinders, 'and some c
these 100on er-umble to aishes, by being ex
posed in lying uipor. the surfaice.
Near this &re~d mine thaeress a'Lig bel
or miount'.in of manganoes, which in itsel
is worth millions of money, aind is princi
pally used for bleaching. This quarry'-(
mangL-ieese will in itself make Mr. Dor
teni times a wvealthy mani as sootn as a .pru
per mode of transportation presents itsel
without hinting at his inexhaustible treasur
of gold, which is in his possession.
Mr Dorii's history, which I gathered bot
from himself and his friends is a singui
lIe is of German descent, he w-as bor
anid ratsed a pooir iman,'-et by industry bi
gathered a little property, in building mil
and other machinery through the countr
around him. A geologist clranced to pS
by himi onie day unto- whom lie showed
portion) of this nmangainees rock, which b~
had mistaken for limestone, (if memom
serves me right) but w~hen ho wvas told by til
geologist of its nature and value, lhe was d
lighted andit concluded that there might 1
other metals also found on that ridge, wvhic
is a bout 7 miles distant from the Savannai
river. He accordingly made soarch, an
actually sooni found some specimens of gol
ore, thoughi in small quantities. He no
made large excavations, blasting rocks, an
digginig up the hills, until his little proper
was so spent that it w~as levied upon, at
his neighbors begged him to desist or I
would be a ruined man ;9et lhe persevering
toiled oii, dreading the ridicule of an mner
dlous world, until at the last moment
. period of his credit ho sti-uck his rich vein
gold ore, wvhich led him on easily to fortun
,giving him a net income of $600 to $10(
> Mr. Dorn was never married, and thser
fore having no family, he has resolved
II ay out all his wealth to the good of I
t neighborhood and his country. This mi
;account for the interest he has taken in ti
Savannah Valley Railrdad, which he has d
:trmineil shall be built, cost what it ima
I flaw him myself giving his signature for thi
enterprise for $100,000, which lie says
r. is willing to-double if deemed necessary.
n A great portion of his wealth he has lon
ed out to his neighbors who were press
e and wer'e in danger of lostag their little pi
perty, and thus were -enable to preserve
e and return Mr. Dorn his money in: their os
, I cannot refrain flientioning a cireumnstant
, or which .we':as Carolinians may wvell
b proud. T1he lind, on which the mines wv:
d -found, belonged originally to Dr.-, a
ie tive of this State, sivho sold it to Mr. Dorn
. the conmio rate of value of all lands
that neighborhood -but b tie p-rei
money was paid and be th ea wer
executed :ind delivered, t =
discovered by Mr. Dorn. w e.i i
chance for a man of- but.jtnon oigti
ti to break his word, and
the richedt man in the nou
bly gave the titles at tlhe o 4~j.ew icJ
had been agreed upon b. t Dorn' ap
himself. We must concl be
currence, that the breed foble mee p n9
as yet extinct, and &auth irohna wmafel
boast of having reared -s"l 'o ?'"+
are no doubt many more' effior
and though their heads ncrn
ed with lad.ing laurels .nMy, iJv
be heard in the forum of AG sltvebI
nor may we search in va n ri me
on the future pages of 1 i tCI btau
proudly cherish them: fu t nestnialu i
the noilest work of God -ro riuur
THE PAST-THE PRES PUTVE2>
Only a few years hay r p dsiti4ath
Sons of Temperance, . a t d'of1a
vincibles, was mrshalle .1aflu :'lsosti
of King Alcohol, the oit tictd de
mon that ever ravaged. th .0id
(raduailly have they o n, Yswelling'- ir
numbers, influence and ye, untildh1e.na
tion feels the mighty im isa of th6 move
A few ,ears ago and Son of Tempo
rance was unknown in e United States
Now, cast your eye over. io swelling rank:
and marching phalanx an Tbehold the thou
sands wheeling-in'to line. From the icy re
gions of British America, the golden sand;
Iof California, and from a Atlantic's rock
bound coast, to the rich plains of:Oiegon-o
the Pacific, behold the land, dotted all over
as it were with the bri t baimners of ou
Order. The past has be. a scone of con
flict, but w have strug d up through al
adversity conquering ever. inch of the way
until success-is croanin stho present hour
richly rewarding the sinpere philanthropis
for the labors of his handk: Who has no
seen a gloomy -mornin ffcceeded lby,
bright and joyous day I lWe lave seen thi
clouds gather about the 'orning. sun ant
the logs coudense themseles as if to exclud<
his rays from earth, but 2we have watchet
the heaven directed orb'and -itnessed the
outburst of his glory, scattering light am
heat abroad, -until he hi closed the da
amid the homage of the sin elouds,. gorge
ous in beauty and respl 'denit in floods a
molten light rich with reflected lustre.
So the temperance cause is culminatini
higher and higher, in popular favor, throw
ing brck upon the dark husom of its caluin
iiators the glorious light i f truth, and by the
.eunrastiheigrhtening ~ '.""& 5WJ"f
The pr,-sent is full of good cheer, an<
the future is glowing bright before us. Wha
may we not expect-what may we no
achieve for humanity, if we all work togeth
er for the advancement or the noble cause
Our National Head has just enacted furthe
regulations and established a new Ritual
which will be conducive to the general pros
perity. The novelty of the Order has pass
ed away, the merely curious and half heart
ed have gone away from us, and the Grans
Divisions, and t'ne respective Subordinat,
Divisions have f:dlen into. the hands of me
who act from principle. What, then is t,
hinder us from conqnering and saving th
whole land? Other associ ations have sprung
into existence, and are laboring in their owi
appointed spheres ; they are co-operatin,
with us in the god-like work of exalting hu
man haippiness, and annihilating human i
ery'. But let it ever be the p)ride, the ambi
Ition, the glory of the Soins of Teimperaince t,
o cccupy' the front rank in the great battle c
humanity. Le't renewed efforts lbe mad
simnltneously all over the land to gathes
elldowbeinugs wiihin our circle of honoi
whero each is a shield to the other, and al
to the world an exaimple. As the Sons pre
perly begun the great wvork, let none takI
away their crowvr. of glory from them. Th
future is before us, but we can clearly se
thde issue. Let there be no faltering now
rlet none grow weary. Now give the wateh
word and the wvar cry, and let it swvell ou
cherrily all along, up and downa the lines
Mutaclu To Vw-roar !-Southern Organ.
" Do TursE LF NO H.uiM.'-nto~icatin1
sliquors are invariably injurious as a bevuras
ain health. Tlhe moderate drink.er may n<
ebe aware of it; hut time wvill tell the tale<
Struth, if the habit of moderation is continue'
iake your observation on one hundred pe:
sons, pasn the streets, and in vain wonl
iyou attempt to single out individuals wvh
Ii had been taking bread, meat, vegetable
d or vater, either moderately, or to excess
but muake the same experiment in the~ use
intoxicating drinks, and :you muight coui
d every one of thenm. Moderat ion in uinwrc
y ing liquors as a beucrage in health, is is
dcipint drunkenness. Let any onme procc hi
contrary who Canf.
yPaovzaus.--f a mian cheat thee one
shame on him; if lie cheat thee twice...shan
If a man deceives thee, trust him n<
e again. If he insults thee, go awvay fro
0 lim. If lhe strikes thee, thrash him.
If you have lost your credit, be iudustioi
- and you will regain it.
.* If you have lost your property, be indu
** trious, honest and frugal, and you will a
ty quire more.
C If you have a good wife, take care of hi
e- ad if you have not, get one immediately.
Y- If you take the newspaper printed 'in yo
at own county, and pay for it, rest assuied y<
lie are prospering.
n. DIDN'T LIKE BAiD CoxPANY.-The Or
ed rolton (Miss.) Democrat tells a good stoi
'o. A prisoner named Spalding, who was c
it fined in tho n.on--- ~ nd nia
vn his esca .. - * r prisc
er, who : s of mi
ce .d..r, and :eincapi
lie with Sp )n for
nr o doing se is traiini
aa- he was'ay
at the roast i ons ec
in u pt goo
Ti M&ST I8ESSION. -
=It 4J T .. dsTABLISK CERTAIN. ROADI
Es D D Fane tes, -. D' TO R1!!NE
CR.TAIN CARTERS Rf IOUSIrY dEANTE
Be it enabled by the Senate and atse c
,Representtive, now - met. and- sitting i
Gneral Assk:Atbiy,fanyiv the anthority o
osanme, 'That the ~ferry across Savan-ral
r knowau Kjleiase's Ferry, be, ai
th' saiej alrehyre chartered for the spaie
t of fouwteeii years, and 'vested. in Levi "H
OMcDiMel,. his . heiri and aissigns, with th
samerates .of toll as were lieret'fore al
:owed :by liwn - a - a.;
- Tht entt's-Feriy, e'acrss SnvnnnalbRi
erhe re charterebiid vested in Mary J
.Burt her heirs and assigns, for the space
fourteen years, with 'the. ;sme rates of tol
as are alluwed at K'ilcrease's Ferry.
That-Island Ford;Ferr~v, acoss the Sajhd
Rived,. be9,and ishereby re.chafterid-an
vested -in John W. Payne, his heirs and as
signs, for the space of-fouiteenr"$ears, ivtl
the same rates of toll as-*jere ioretufore al
lowed byjaw. - -
That.a publie.rad ik-.l;dd out:i ielge
flei District;,. from i 4 soids or. Johi
boy's on 3vlat thev=N ath
"Road,by Thus. L t1i!yn s Iqsli'4pin
ajjd "Georg. Bpawell'rso what is callei
Moor's Rad, in said distict; and. to th
Martin 'ownRoad leading to ili-e i3own o
-lHamnrg' ssd tlit Thomas -H. Patt n
SThomas WLahuanimjnd George , sel
be appointed"b6mmi.i'oners, with full powe
to lay outgna eslablish the saine.
s That a publl oad be laid out andem
tablished in-Edgfie ld District; from or nte
Rocky Pond Post Otlice to th'e Savannal
,River, at 'i n'ear' Ars, Kliams';-Landing
r and that W illitnl'. FiTr ott;Jon'.F..Mid
- dleton ant . B: Addiedi' ayippinled Cor
I nissionersd iy~q eshind-rgid,d idi.'ti
powers nicessary-toel-a outs and estafdil
said rp al'ad tl~tt:a :e'rry -'e'.'ildialie
t acros Savannah :Rjvei.,'.at the porat'ie
the said road-teucb aid river, tabeelnQ
as Howld Feri-y in ti sname be festedai
Edward' Hoi'je, tis heira an4 arsignsgfo
1 the term of'fortee'i :ears; with -the .sim
rates of toll allowed at:the nearest fe-ry..:
That James Jones and Joseph J' Kenna
l dy, assignees- of 1lenry Shult. and Jobi
I McKinne, be, a'd they are here'by authorize
to collect the tolls pr.escribed by the twen
tv.first section of the " Act to establish cer
f tain roads; bridges and ferries," passed th
nineteenth day of December, in the year C
our Lord eighteen hundred and forty-eighi
from all persons passing from either sid
over the bridge across the Savannah Rive
i at Hamhburg and Augusta: Procided, hon
.,.that. nothhr hJaein-contained shall :1
any wise impair or prejudice any right a
1 property claimed by the City Council a
t Augusta in respect to the one half of th
t material structure of the said bridge withi
the territorial limits of this State.
r AN ACT to amend an Act entitled " a
Act to Incorporate the Tirnn of.Jnamburg
land for other. purposes," passed on th
nineteenth day, df DeccMber, in thw yea
- of our Lord one thousand eight. hundre
I and tLirtU:ce. ' . ' .:.
I I. Be it enacted by the Senate'and lous
1 of Representatives, now met- anLsitting i
S(eneral Assembly, and by-the " thority r
I the saiil'hat tlie Tovn 'Council' of- th
i Town of Hamburg be;. and is hereby, at
thorized and empowered to subscribe to th
i capital stock of the Savannah River Valle
- Rail Road Company the sum of twent
-thousand dollars, and for thie payment orthi
-same to issue bonds payable in ten and fi
teen year iearinite'rest at the rateC
f seven per enitumn per antnum.
e II. That for the purpose of paying ti
r interest'on the said bonds the said Tfow
Council is hereby authorized and empowel
ed to levy a suflicient annual tax upon tI,
real and personal property situate and be
inlg within the corporate limits of the sai
town, in addition to the tax whlich by lawv
snow authorized to levy " to defray the e:
penses of the said corporation, anid to mant
tain and protect the same ;" and the revi
-unue to arise from the tax herein authorize
to be levied to apply to the payment of ti
interest as it annually bjecomles due on ti
said bonds, and to no other purpose, and ti
same to keep separate and apart from r
oilier funds in the Treasury of the sai
t T1own Council, anid to lie designated am
known as the Rail koad Tlax.
AN ACT to exrempt the Surriwars of fi
dSouth Carolina Volunteers in the Floric
o W~ar from ordinary Militia duty, and f
s' other purposes.
4 Be it enacted by the Senate and Hou:
of Representatives, now met and sitting
t General Assembly, and by the authority
the same, Thait hereafter all the otticers, not
commissioned officers and privates of ti
e South Carolina Volunteers in the Florit
war, who were honorabily discharged fro
the service, be, .and they are hereby, exemp~
eed from all ordinary militia duty.
t AN AC T for the establishment of a Gen
Sral System of Registrat ion of Birn)
iiarriages and Deaths in the Statec
I . Be it enacted by the Senate and Hon
of Represenitatives,'now met and sitthrg
sGeneral Assembly, and by the authority
ethe same, That from and after the passit
of this Act, it shall' be the duty of the T1a
Collectors of the different Distripts and Ps
ishes in this State, to. require of the inhal
rtants of the said Districts and Parishes,
>the time of makipg their general tax returr
a separate return, stating the number
ir. whites, male and female, who have be
.y. born, married, or whbo have died during t
n. year in their respective households, and t
tle numblor of blacks wvho have boeen born,
n. who have died during the samre period, al
ir. return the samei to the Comnptroller Gener
og r. That two Registrars shall hie appoli
ot ed by the Governor, one in Columbia a
g one in Charleston, whose duty it shall be
or receive from thie respective offices of t
>r- Comptroller General in Columbia aiid Ci
leton, the retnrns of the Tax-ColleCto
same annually. '
I II. Tfiat-in order to ascertain as acci-.
rately as possible:the number of births, mar
ridges.aod deaths of non-tax-payinig whites,
f it shall, be the dirty of the'Tix-Cullector to
I asceriin from the migistrates, phiysicians
f and ministereof thergos'pelof the, iiferent
t Districts and Parishes,-the number obirths,
1 mariages and deaths that :have takenilace
[among the p.ersons within their jurisdiction,
or belonging 4o their congregations, respec:
ti ely ; and it shall be the duty-of the.Reg
istrars ' draw out a, proper form 'of regis
tration or the:Tai clltors of the different.
Districts ani Parishesi nd for the use of the
nag.stiates ana niisiesfeosf the spel of
f the-said Ditricts imd .Parishes.
'ii: 'That the said Registrars shall each
reyive anneally the' s of tvo hundred
t d6llars for .heir service -
The New York-Tribunm has Ie foHop.'
ni g pr tty- thing hi reference to Greenwood
cemetery . Jy~
day ,r tiygrwq go we 'vished 'a city, a
,populous city, ,whose houses will outlast.
Nw Yolh '& shall endure till dooms
dav. 'Stra .say, it is not .noted on the
I lies maps; .stganer to say;,tiou i its pop
-ulationi is daily jnereasing- s colony ever
f -issues from its borders. -- -
fie golden Phiffie of Pacific's, waves has
t pek charmed a .ingle earhere; the shout
r o i pioneer in the further west has never
luerd them:hence . to seek. new homes.
Indeed, the citve-speak of stands alone[
r like a? rock'bounA-isle to the inidst of .a
turbulent oceas'the busy world whirls' and.
roars around, h ere it remains unmoved.
We visited it iri Bibid da,;bit the streeti
vere empty ; trota fanniliprface or voiceto
gieet us; not a.liglt-foptstep to..utake aisip
fa"the ear. It.was'indeed strange, why.
j tran e; there, shoonithe sun, with thenild
saendful radiance of Autumn-, and -et
. 'ht sounii of'liviig thing. Marble mansionsi
eeitg- hand,lait none of the solemn city;
c .qani forth to meet and-welcome us.- Names
were graved on. erypdi-tal, but they. that
r owned them--where were they 1-It was a
city of names and not of things; of words;
and-not of works.
1. At length there came a train-there was
an arrival. O it came, noiselessly, slowly.
Was it all a dreamt By mansion after
mansion it passed, and stopped. A tenant
f for another dwelling; a home for another
wanderer; a rest for another 'wanderer; a
e rest for another weary.
r So it seemed to us as we stood there, and
so the shadows thickening over ihp thought,
a we hurried awl from Greenwood.and were
rdriinori 'ii'nglingwiith-th tide of'thar
" Swys OF THE 'rDIE."-A t Exeter Hall,
London, the Rev. Dr. Cummings lately lee.
tnred on the " Signs of the Times." He
said that the Prophet Daniel had prophesied
',300 years would be the duration of Mo
honimedan power, but it did not follow that
e Russia would plant the cross on St. Sophia.
On the.eontrary, lie thought that the 12,.
000,000 of lahonimedans might become
e christians! The events of the year 1848
had been clearly alluded to in prophecy, and
lie calculated that 18t4 would bring about
e the fuilient of apocalyptic prophecies, and
the commencement of a better age-the
good time con.ing !
Y A Frenchman stopped a lad in the street
1 to make some inquiries of his whereabouts.
e " Men fren, what is ze nam~e of zis street!1"
" Woll, who sa.id 'twrant I"
S" Pardonnez! I have not ze name what
you call him."
0 '! Yes, Watts we call it."
ni " How you call ze iname of zis street!"
'- Watts street, I told yer."
e . -Zis street 1"
- "Watts street, old fellow, and don't yor
d go to make game 0' nme.,,
t " acremun du ! I ask you one, two,
tree serltimes, often, vill you tell me ze
-name ov do dam street, eh !"
-" Watts street, I told ver. Yer drunk,
dl ain't yer?"
e " Mon little fren, vere you lif, eh 1"
e a"In Vandani street."
e " Eh, bien I You li-f in von darn streef,
ii an you is von danm fool, by dam !"
d THE man who straps his raZor on lisi
Bibile and wipes it with his iiewspaper, is ini
our opinion, njeithier a christian or a patriot ;
cyet we have seen men do tho same who
amake pretensions to both godliness and pa
An exchange paper remarks-and we
e, quote the espressi.on as applicable to all
localties-that every well regulated fafnily
ought to have at least one-baby in it just for
ethe fun of tho thing,
laTiE man who put a sixpence in the con'
" tribution plate, when Iho bad a three cent
t-piece in his pocket, left in the Southern train,
on learning that Barnum was after him.
e- A CELEnRZATED 'rOPER intetnding to gi
4. to a masked ball consulted an acquaintance
if in what character he shonld' disguise himself.
"CGo sober," replied his friend, " and your
s most intimate' acquiantance will not know
ig THE following is supposed to be the num
K ber of newspapers in the world: 10 in Aus
*r- tria, 14 in A frica, 24 i Spain, 20 in Porta.
>- gal, 39 in Asia,'65 in Belgi'm, 85 in Den
at mark,-80 in Russia and Poland1 320 in othei
as Germnanic' Sta"tes, 500 in Great Britain.and
of Ireland, and 1800 in the United States>
lie TnE Capital of the State of Trennese
he now near its completion, is said to be one o1
or the finiest buildings in the world. Its cost it
id a million of dollars.
it A Nzw IDEA--The Senate of Virginit
ad has adopted a resolution proposing to awari
to a premium to the officers of the hert POn,
lhe dcted railhroads in the State, with retferenc<
-to speed and to punctual connections of th<
Lam usi"g ?pncue : ' -. i:
awaitin"s lo 41a:" 16
Conlin a iK~p 7r. t"
Thikd !th 4eqj~eatomof -
deuce -. y', ;.
Egrtl, A new dettlement x
including theMesilla ViUey andlr
pec disputes, andflanta Ainas jI pro
Fifti, -The pft cqiea sprtio 1 ea . nt ' 1
-:catiri o the Monr .d6trine, against Brit. 1
ish colonizatin schepeseinCential A m:
Sixtli, Opening-the Vafley.of the A
1o. American trade and enterprise. "
Besides th se, theJ re Fu l r a rquea
tions ofgreat int sm rasiTar /' K
ment-Naval Ref rinPubhoLia7hst1
bition-Cheap -os c
Steamg Mail comunicia -o rmatiso -
New Terilories-Mint in Nor frt&c
Iooking .to Huoe Cwx~ jr ' -~, 'tta =,r
Crentot ItuesIgsi ilng furkauT
invoL t protbi4, i e tiern, war .
construction ot natixlitfs' he duenthral
meat ofthe' Pes;~ t~itaibi of' tI e Htin.
,ar fans; the r e iii' ftsiIftfif free
dom of Gegidany e nwiphase 1i te
uncertaiF pFeogres- oYaance to Ieg R
canism ; an the d isto 44#w ' -
Engla nd ig ieirping ro Z ; -or
Ireland we dare not evea pfj~h'esy g . a
tenint- tht.bill or fwe a bro ,
1'gp to Asia,: haWe'tbe a ystenods
and; l nowgoing on
amoo:i'oreia :red jouiion :inaid
Taint'4 (sletial Eipire-"the oldest
ilhedygour oliie tiedf onoi. :;
-Ne. the . ces of our fobrta to a- O en'
Japan ='pivili d'ommerce. Thiud, .the
influence 'w icIrA e 'RussiangandiTurkv* u
war may a upon B1shm iida
And in tb. salianila dsthe anto'
resting pr l'sie . id-of, independ r
Government will be ia%-.couiae iofso
is stated-in a Panama.a t t r
Illinois that received from ClUforiiarepors
another.Floreexpedition s beinorganiaedj 5
which will.arrive at Panama indetacb
and make that city its starting polit.. -;x'
Wright, the proprietor of the Central oke
can Stean Iine,. ia said to: be qne of ti
.exjplitio't nd: hisistewm'erhe Golish
to bring the first party o'200 men. ro
Panmono calls on the Governor and the
Consul of the United States and Ecuador to
prevent the expeditionists from carrying out
their designs against a nation at peace with
A despatch from Washington also says:-=
" A startling report of filibustering in a new
quarter has reached here. It will be remrna
hered that Peru and Bolivia are at war. A
proposition has been started to fit out a
large steamer filled with men, and well pro.
vided with Paixhan guns, sabres, muskets,
cutlasses, Colt's pistols, and all other ap.
proved instruments of war which shall pro
coed direct to the Peruvian coast, hoist the
Bolivian flag, and at once capture or exter
ninate the small war vessels of Peru, lay
hands upon her nercbantment and coerce
them into service to aid in the purpose of
the expedition. These are to take immedi.
ate posression of the Lobos Islands and be
gin a rapid depletion of their immense stoies
It is proposed that a large fleet of our own
and foreign mnerchantmen shall be chartered'
to rollowv the armed force, and it is calcula
ted that a sufficient quantity of this rich de
posit cnn be at once taken from the island'
to fully reimbmrse -the expenditures of thae
eniterprise, and leave immense fortunes to
SI~oPE.-Trhe following notiCe of Sinoper.
where the recent battle was fought betwveena
the Turhs and Russians, wHi at the presenC
umomenat be read with interest 4
"The temples, palaces andprlon,
erected by a powerful' line of kings, havo'
Ibeen levelled with the dust. Nought remains
of so much magnificence save a dirty oriental
town of a thousand wretched houses, sur
rounded by crumbling walla atiii tottering
towers, of Byzantine constnetioi. Almost
equally a wreck is the enormous hullf of an'
embryo two-deck, which stands unlaunch
ed on the stocks; built here where timnber and'
work are cheap, never finished, allowed to'
rot, Alas for Sinope."
E3MIGRATION To FLoID.- The P'ensir
cola Gazette, in noticing the, successful os
tahalishment of the semi-monthly mail steam
ship line between this port ane.1Key West,
via Pensacola, A palachicola, SV.- Marks Ce
dar Keys, and Tamipa Bay,- r~sdmarks thaI
"the advantages resulting from thiirseccess
ful effort are being felt along the Gulf coast
of Florida in encouraging a wealthy emigra
tion fromt the sugar and cotton Statei of Al
abama, Mississippi and Louisiana,-and se
curing a portion' of the- popfstilon thaX.fotdd
otherwise be in ced -to go to- Ta'et? .
THEs Panama Rail Road is now cohpe'
ted to' Gorgona, and the riveri'biting, hith
erto- so objectionable, is now~ d'ohe aday
with. For the prosent passengers leave' the
cars at Gorgona, and from thence hrt0- about
24Ymnes mule travel to Panama, over a mtuch~,
tmproved road. The. transit frohxr ocean to
ocean is now.readily accomplished kr ttee
ko rrs, The company -have alreadf cunt
rmenced operations in Panama, Vith a-fore
of 3,600 men.
Bonas.-Don't be abre I I a drat
ful character to have! Wherr fotr daR upon
Ia merchant at his counting-hosise, a bank
-President at his room, aod espeifally an
editor in his sanctum, don't stag lorng. As
a general rule,s decline an invitation to be
maene- dosnatoh yonv business and 10avel, '3