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YOP.' TH ADVERTISER.
Divisio of Edgefeld,-No. V. J URE STATINGLYmJuizard the expression that from its broad territory, dense population, irregu. lar ciroinference and non-central -Court House, there are at least one thousand ien, not women and children, in Edgaetield, who. live so remote from the Court House, that some of them actu ally refuse to redreas t.Ihenelves by law, in very tant.iiiv cases where it should be done. Many inore who institute ptroper suits, now and mien discontinue them. Or fail to be present at the trial. to aid their counsel, owing to the inhe rent difficulties which lbeset the path of justice in such a District is ours. ~ Witnes-s not un freqnently. reside so far away, that they either decline to attend or fail to do so punctually, anid thus a trial is often, either rorced on, in the absence Of important tetimaony, or wholly aban doned. Who has not time and again seen just causes disc'ontinnvd or lost, both :st Edgefield and Barnwell. mostly betanse a party or his witnesse4. (or both were not present! No man enn know positively when his case will be cidled f.ar trial, which conipels both himself and wit nesses to be in almost constant attendance du ring the whole term of Court. I own that some sAtorneys endeavor to prevent this, by naming i. particular day far the appearance of their clieots se .witnesses, but 'uch a course is sel dom pursued without regret to the lawyer and perhaps injury to the client. Every such case must run the double risk (of being pressed to trial uniprelpared, or of h:LvIaag( to be continued as last remort to mave it from being stricken off the docket. I verily believe that the rep rehensible practice, so coinon in our District, of.continuing cases to the next term, has its origin. in this." naing a day." oftener than is supposed. If certain and 'fixed periods were assigned for calling the various Dockets, or for he ring a particular class of cases, a day might be namted for the trial of a given cause, but the .prosent organizalion or our Circuit Courts al lows a Judge, at siy time w ithin the term, to take up a case inditirently from the Process, Issue. or Criminal Dockets, as well as Appeals, or Suggestions from the Courts below. This confu-ion or indiscriminate blending of several jurisdictions is a grievous wrong to the people Of the State, and especially to those eif Edrefield, because our District is so large that its litigation now occnpies the .aw Courts for a fortnight, and parties to suits are forced to pay wit nemses for attending Ceourt two weeks instead of one, as in the smaller Districts. Every (one must grant that witnesses are generally the largist item eof exen'e'in litigaion, and that if the District were divided thosecitizens who live at or near the Court Hou-e would be as much benefiLtted as the inhabitants of our remote frontier in the diminished expen-e tor procuring evidence. But the coat oif litigation is still more increased in respect to distant parties by the long mileage allowed the Sheriff far serving pa pers. lit addition to this, abont one-half of our numerous population are unable to visit their homes in the evening and return in time for fir Court next morning. Hence, when attend ing Court, as parties or witnesscs, they must remain at the Village for perhaps a fortnight, on expenses for both themselves and horse!, as w.-o as endure the anxiety and suffer the depri , of leing ab.tent frem their famil!i s and erintendatnce .af their business. The aerty to a suit must also frequently the Court Hiuse prerious to the sit ,ourt, in Order to confer with his Coun erepaere hiis case fear trial, which greatly the price oaf justice. A witness in a an is pid only- S.00 per day, which reimbur-e ha lf his expenses for attend -t; while the poor fellow from abroaa, unfuriunate as to be ae State witnessa, no comapensatiaon whatever. This is induement. to make nmany witnesses .t they kntow aenythaing abeaut a civil case, to attend Court if they do leand who to appaear as a prosecuitear aor witness criina~l whaen his public spirit is taxed -..y Thius lying is stimulated, evidence as5ed, crime goes unpunishied, and a - *~~ able reliuctaanei to attendl Court, that 53 be doane th'eir neiebhorsa, pervades ouar apti ttiaan oan the borders eaf thte District. -~fuld diregard eaf the law is eoften prae .d wh'enieve~r eautraiged jtistice does puir iders, whether in eivil tar crimuinal pria-. - bait imoewrre~ct testimoiany is obtained, or hole truth comes onit, it causes great -, at timee, money atad feeling. rswhio constitute the balk f our popa e emnphaticaldly domestic mten, and there -ni absent at Ctaurt, as suters or wit hey are forever aoppresse~d with a tor xi'ty ttor thaeir distant famuiilie~s and bu 'o .allay thais anxietiy anid escape from >tontias, but turbulently thlromged V il freqnently "teal hoene as it were, de< erreais of a Subjaa, er thle daniger of anee, and byv the iimte they can ret urn eded contininance has bcomte a fixed -tee of their long absenice. Numerous ,oentieuaances occur ini aur Courts fromi this ea-m.e, even afier many witnlesses have been in attendance fear several days, thereby delaying anid increasing the expense of justice. If a Rule be setnt after a distant witnhess, two or three days ntust elapse bceaore it catn be answered and :a continuancoeatf the case is aehinst una yoidable. It is ae unif.arim etstom fear the Sheriff of Edgefl~eld, dutrinig the whoale two weeks of our Coaurt to have a battalican oft depeuties. armed with Rules and Attachencts, ridlin. mightt ad day, in the pursuit oft ab.,etnt and distant wit ne~ses,-but even the~e aet:re:iams at times are too feeble to bring the witnesses inito Couirt, aned a " continuanc'e" foalloaw as an inevitable -result. The expense oft serving these Rules 'and Attachments must also be puid by litigants. -suppose, haowever. that a succesarni actioan for damaeges be broughtt aegainsa a distant wit ness for his nan.attentdance-ar suppoase thiat a Rule or Attachment always prodnce lie desired evidence, does it not also preadnee a rebelliotus ear anarchical spirit in the witness! Des it neat mttake him feel, that lie is aappressed lay thae streang arm of the~giunt who inihabits the distant Coaurt House, in being eabliged to neglect his affaire, exile him. self from his wife and chilren, anid travel a fatiguing~ jaaurney, as well as litebteni his own purse, that defective justice maey be (lone tu otheaars. Furthermore, our donmestie farmters rrom the frontier, whmile :attendintg Ceaurt, are hoturly mak ing eager~ eaqutiries aaout "Sweet Heame.," from which they are banished for the lttme being. 0f all men one *af this class, is the best pre.pared to believe evil tidings eaf what is tnear and dear to him. A harmless incident at lils planitatiomn spreads on every totngue amid gtrowea in every ear, until it reaches his, mnagmitied into an awful eatastrophe. He hastens away int painful sus pense to find that lie has been deceived by a false alarm,--but before he can return, the dila tory anti fatal wo~rd, "conttinued" or "ediseon tinued" has been recorded by the .Judge. op. 'po,,ite the ease'.-ii which lie was a suitoar or wit ness. I am tno' withoaut suspicion bait that much diploiuoney is used imn Edlgefeld to have cases from a distanb~e contin ed, by iniventing, circulating and embalishing rumors. TFhisa of itself adds nethiog to the maorality eaf our peo pIe, amid witnesses whose patience antd pockets are exhausted by attendiing our l-ng Coaurts, sometimree aid parties and their frieneds in the unholy work. The litation of a large District, such am Etdgefield, is gaite sufficient to attract thte .ex. elusive attentionm aaf its local Bar. Consequent ly the profeseional conduct eaf this Iligamion, falls into the hands of resident Attorneys, twvo or three leaeding men of whom, always monopo lize it. The practice of law, particularly in the forum, is very exhausting to thec enercies oh both body and tmind. But few, if any, oaf these leading lawyers are prepared in every case, at every Court, or it prepareda exhausted nature cannot coantitnue to wrestle for two whole weeks in the strugge eaf giants. Counisel grow weary and cease to be keenaly alive to the business be -fore them. *They neecd repose. and when a case cornea up fur trial, late in the term, they ether aeqtuit, themselves badly, ear -. continaue" it to thbe next Couir. In this way much delay of justice is paroduced in our Courts, without hparties be. ing awvare oaf the real cause (at it. In small jui dicial Districts, where Court si:s buit a single week anid somfletimfes less, the business is tn a great measure edividead ameang Circuit practl tioners, who'aire ahlays prepared, and generally .d:s.a.. i n:;a.um with umueh more vigor amnd success tli'n resident lawyers.- The division of of labor lessens labor and improves its efficien cy. The first members of the profession relieve each other, and something of interest, as well as vivifving novelty, is imparted to the proceedings in Court, very different to the stale hum drum and'Dead Sea prospect which ti Courts of the Southern Circuit in South Carolina now exhibit, by reason of the large Districts which constitute it prohibiting :ircuit practice. The good told socini system of Circuit riding gives the people an opportunity of seeing, hearing and becoming acquainted with the mightiest intellects of the land, which enables them to select Counsel frot a greater number of able Lawyers, and for a cheaper fee, as competition at the Bar results na a.s much in advantage to :ho public as comapeti tion in anything else. Where Circuit riding is done the lawyers are better skilled in their pro fets-ion, because they rely more upon memory and less upon a facility of reference to books. Every travelling Attorney strives with renewed energy to master his profession, that he may es tablish a reputation among strangers. as well as at home. The riding system causes litigation to be conducted with more dispatch and efileien cy, and the practico of the Courts to be reru. lated with more uniformity in the settled form, manner and order of doing business. An itine rant Bar is every whit ax advantatgeous to the administration of justice as an itinerant judicia ry. and a Lawyer should learn the varying cus toms, or comumon law of the County by travel ing as well as a Judge. The notion which seems to prevail in certain qaarters, that the Attorneys of small judicial Districts must necessarily be pettifoggers is simply absurd. Let them seek practice in other Districts, by Circuit riding,%is is done in England, and in every other State of this Union. I have yet to learn that the riding Lawyers of other States, or those of the smialler Districts in South Carolina, are in any wise in ferior to the resident practitioners of Edgefield or Barnwell. Comparisons are odious. but I believe that most of our Judges have been elected from the smaller Districts. The practice of Law is a calling of immense responsibility, because it regnlites more or less, nearly every right of every individtal in society at one time or another. It should, therefore, be kept as pure and free from corruption as possi ble; but large judicial Districts have a tendency to increase its impurities, and to poison the foun tain of justice at its source-the Court House. The pursuit of Law is the great highway to the Temple of Fame in this country, aind Lawyers are generally as ambitious of political distine tiun, as they are of professionl eminence. Thie leading Attorneys of a large Judicial District those who control and monopolize its litigation. are almost invariably the leading politicians of such a District also. If their luve of fame pre dominate over the love of money, as is often the case, professional relations are unconsciously made to subserve political advancement. They do and leave undone many thingsat the expense of their clients, which would never enter the brain of a distant or circuit practitioner. I f,-ar that they 4o not identify themselves with the interests of their clients as they ought-that they sometimes decline eases, or give improper advice to parties designedly, and consent to as sail an honest man, who is a politietil enemy, or refuse to untmask a scoundrel, bedase he is a poiitical friend-that they compromise eases when they should not, or delay the hand of jus tice in the hope of a compromise. I am unwil ling to charge all this as literally true, but I do allege, that the Lawyers of large Judicial Dis tricts ofteun fail to do their uhole duty, and that they are fettered at every step, whether in their offices or in the Court Hlouse by their politicnl aspirations. The evil is seriously aggravated in those overlarge Judicial Districts, which likewise constitute election Districts of commensurate extent, because, for reasons that will be assigned in a future number, it is much more ditlicult for a Lawvye~r to win and maintain high political dis tinction in such a District, than it is for- him to do so in a smaller one, or in a larger onethat is politicailv sub-divided, like our Parish Districts, or the Juidicial counties in England and- Newv England. Lawvyers are "' minor Judgets" in the strietest sense c.othe phrase, anud they are very powerful Judges too, whether for good. orei, to'prevent, erenmte, *or conduct litigationi. ''The injury they' do to society in a large .tndicial Dis trict, by the imperfect administration of justice, on account of their political dependene.e, is one of the many causes which unite to engender the turbulent c'haraceter of our people. Clients oc easionally discover that justicc huas not been done them, and hence they are dispo'sed to curse Latw and Lawyers, :as wvell as to right themselves by their own strong arm, espeially when they re member the delay, tronble. and expense attend-. ing litigation or even a voluntary observance of the Lawv in our large D~istrict. Ltnguntg of this sort may seem unkind to the Bar. but stern truth requires that I should religionisly speak what I honestly think, neither suppress nor wit fully misrepresent, and in a ftuture paper, I shall vindicate the Bar oaf Edgefield from mnany foul and unfounded caluinies which have been heaped upon its members ag a class, by design. .ing demagogues in the country. Whenever men congregate in large masses with a view to remain together for any length of time, say a fortsight, di:<sipation, vc and esime are a pt to follow as a natural e'onsequence. This propositin has a living witness of its truth in every city on the t(nee of the earth, and it is more correct of a rural than of an urbani poapu lation,-becatuse the former being habituatted to solitude and restraitnt, :are more excited by ming ling with a vast assemblage of straingers, and more ready to vield to the temptations, of int dulging eve ry bad passion. All wvho oppose our presenut abotminnble Alilitiat system. otn nc count of the facilities which it affords for dissi pation and crime at Regimental and Battalion musters, enn appreciate the force of what I amt going to say. At every Court ini our extensive Iand populous District, a crowd of several htun dred persons always assemble a~t the Court House, and as [ before stated, about half of them are compelled to tarry att thme villige, since teenntreturn to their hotmes, which are frth e r foro y miles distatnt from the Couirt IHouse. Those who go home at night, still throng the vilhtge by day, and add muchI to tihe turbulence of the hetero;enous gathering. Our peope only assembtle at their Countj seat, on Lourt weeks, Saledays and same other State occnsions. The Hotels at Edgetield. are there fore few in nutmber, as they are mainly depend ant on regular boarders for a support. The con seqtuence is that the village Hosts are generally unable to entertain all of their distant gumests Iduring Court. Many of our wo.rthmiest citizents at nearly every Court, have no alteiative but to sit up all night, because they cannot tind a place on which to lay their heads. I have seen thema by dozens, up at all hours of the night, or cover. ed with cloaks and some without covering lying on the floor, or across chairs, around the fires of the Hotel or Bar Room. The men that are fortunate enough to obtain beds are kept awake by the midnight revels of such as mtust main taitn their feet and drink, gamble or carouse, to quell their gloomy feelings and wyear the inhos pitable night away. Others, anid particuilarly the distant poor, many of whom are required to walk here, or hire an expensive conveyantce, have to britig their provisions fromt home and lodge in rude huts like Indians, or camp out like sturdy wnaggoners in the most inclement, weather, for Court, or rather Spring and Autumn generailly bring rain. Who has niot counted thme long train of wagons, earts, buggies, &c., which leave our village every evening of Court time, crowded with passengers, that must expose themselves for the night, about a wakeful tire, in thme openo air and return next morninig to repeat the same thing, for perhaps a fortnight? Can such a state of things exist at our District Capitol, for a whole fortnight at a time, twice or thrice in the year, without producing bad fruits ? Can count less passions long restrained, come in contaet with each other without an explosioni Can all of the scattered enemies; alt of thme oppo.-ii'g litigants ; nill of the opposing witnesses ; all of. the opposing partizans and all of the opposing factions, int a population of 16,256 souls, collect tog~tther in the satne place, at the same time and mingle with each other like nngels? Cani do mestic farmers who are banished from home who must neglect their business-who must board themselves and horses out of their own pockets if distant State witnesses, and bear at least half the expense if civil witnesses-who catn fumn bt very itiferior, and perhaps no aecom .oAtan at tb. lates-.whnomnst keep nxionus ol .1nng or expose vigils for the appromth of morning, reps their health and lives to the cold and rain, .under Lhe canopy of heaven---who, whether rich or poor, if they would redress themselves, for even the most flagrant or insufferable wrong, must' pay perhaps a host of' witnesses for attending Court two whole weeks, at ieverail Terms. -I say, can men, who endure such hardships as these -who nre kept in continued contact with such temptations to vice or crime be as meek as saints, as pare as virtue and as forhenring as a member of the " Pence Society ?" Let the fisti cu's and homiides which adorn our Public Square on Saledays, Court weeks, &c. answer. I have heard the report of death shots even while a Judge was administering him ofie in the Temple of Justice. Can' ours ever beeome a law abiding people, as long as there are so nany inducements to violate law--as long is so much time and space stand between half of them and the means of even peacefully obeying the Law, or as long as so many (of theta have but few, or no fiilities for learning Law ? Some old men in Eldgelield District have never visited their Court House. Many others have only crossed its threshold once or twice, and those from z distance who attend as spectators, parlies,-.wit nesses or jurorb can have but little or no enjoy ment there. Long absence'from one's family or business is not agreeable, and extravagniit Bills are by no means a luxury.: So that about half tf our population know. nothing of the other half, and there are hundreds, yea, thousands in Edeefiehl, who are as ignorant of the people, or history of their District, as they sire of the Laws of tlheir country, because they are dept'i ed of'the intriction and p!easure of frequently meeting their fellow-citizens from all quarters, as well as of seeing, hearing and observing what is d,.ne in Court. Example we know is contagious, be it good, or bad. For instance, one drunkard makes many, and one liar, gamester, fighter or murderer will soon have a number of larethren imitating his conduct. Habits, principles, manners and eus tomns, act and react upon each other from the centre to the circumlerence, and from the cir cuinference to the centre of every community, which is nverned by the same laws nnd identili ed by the same interests. I must, therefore, again declare my unchangeable helief, that it is the huge dimensions of Edgaefield, with its nu merous, but gcattered population, producing general immorality, as well on the borders as at the centre of the District, that is the chief cause of the uaniy crimes and infitmous fame, which have so lon been the reproach of Edgefield. I further believe that it has engendered the bitter hatred and blind prejudice which the country people bear towards Edgefield Court House, and the Lawyers who reside there. No District in the State, and I venture to say, no Copnty in the Uiiited States, cherishes such onlipathy to its County sent, or local -Lawyers as do the people of Edgefield against theirs. The rensan of this is that our people have no pleasant associa. tions connected with their District capitol. It is a pilgriiage of pain to go there; long jour neys, heavy bills, cares, vexations.and exaspera tions are involuntarily enlied up in the breast of half our peaceable or litigious citizens, at the very thought or n:tne o' their distant Court house. Demagogies for their own selfish po litical purposes, feed this 'poptilitr prejudice :igainst t he village, and thereby as well as other. wise encourage the delusion agAinst Lawyers but, the people now feel and I think, they will soon see that they are made the dupes of sill parties. I will endeavor to convince them,ihat they should hate the n1rishes. not their Cdurt Ho'use, and quiarrel with the Legislature, wohich is rotten to the core, not with their Lawyers, for the wrongs that they statier. H.ARPER. ARTHUR SIMKINS, EDITOR, EDGEJIELD, S. C.. WEDNESDAY APRIL 5. 1864. Change of Publication Day. Arrsxa this date our day of Publication will be Thursday in place of Wednesday: WE aslk the special attention at our village reader. to she excellenit and well-timed communicaio~n of SVZn.AaILa." lie speaks language of truthful warn ing. Let us be up and a doing. Rail Road Books. Tax Books of the Ciolumhia and Hamburg Rail Road are now open at Dr. It. T. MIM' Boot & Shoe Store. Let all who will, go up and put down their name. The Weather. It is April, and ice abo~unds in our water-buckets andt chicken-troughls every morning. Green peaw-look wil ted and sick-radisih tops are all faded and droop ing-snap-beanis are utterly used usp--Irish potatue vines are dead as last summer's foliage-rosebuds are blighted-peaches and pears and plumis are killed,and all nature has been unnaturally and ssnseasonably chilled. The Thermometer stood on Sunday night last dtown in the nieigthorhood of 40*. What could old Winter haive forgotten, that lie has come'back iupon us thus rudely and inopportunely! -Has some poor mnortal escaped his tell influences, whom he designed not to stpare ! Or is it a mere freak, a good-humored nnid well-intended "rarse?" We trust the latter. Meaawhile, we advise all to be careful,ansd especially little chlren riot to go bare-armed until the sr is up with ruddy glow.___ -Col. A. 0. Garlington. It will be seen that this gentleman is announced by his. friends as a candidate for Congress. The election comes or, next O-tober, at the time .of the general elect ions of the State.' Iinving given the inenmbent the full advantage of our columns, by pnblishsug every cmplimentary notice of him we have been able to fid, we think it but right briefly to introduce the newv caniidate to ihie peosple of Edgehield. . . . Col. Gaituxsavos is a native of Laurens District, but a resident now of Newherry and a prominent lawyer of that place. lHe has headed the Legislative representation from the latter District fur several con secutive term and is a great favorite with Isis imme diate felloiw-citizens. Ihis capiacity is remnarkably good, and his readiness in debate well proven. Ilis intgrity is far above su'pic~ion. white a maanly and generous tone of character is universally acciorded to him.- Th~e many friends of thin gentleman look to him with high hopes. And, desiring to be represented by him in the Naiinal Legislatusre, they have respectful ly placed his name before the people of thme Fourth Congressional District. Ilaving thus briefly introduced our new Congres sional candidate, we leave the wvh.le matter where it belongs, with the p' telligent..electors who are to de cide between the hionorable contestant. now befoie them. .Bate Day.. Our public day for A pril passed off very quietly and peaceably. A single blood-stained countenance was all we saw to remind us of the .ale-days of old. But besides being quiet and peaceable, te day was es pecially dull anid every way iuimporisant. Bitt few of our citizens were oust and that few seemed to have but little business for la'wyer., merchants, printer. or any one else. That little transacted, off they went for home. We have beard it said of late that our burgh in in a dleclinie, and really it begins to look so. And who are so blame for it!? Why those, who from ab surd indifferensce to the real interests of the communi ty and withs eyes single to thseir own paltry pockets, have thrown cold water c'ontintsally upon every thinig like pubilic spirit and noble exertion for thme common good. We gstihered no news of consequence on sale-day. Farmers are complaining of mthe cold weather a good deal. Much corn has been nipped by the late severe fross. And very early wheat is supposed to be musch daaged. A few planters we heard of who had fairly commenced putting in their custton. Corn-cribs gen erally are holding out better than was expected ; bit fodder is ntearly unattainable sat any price. We had to send ten milrs the oilier day for mime, and paid $1 per hundlred at that. Upore. she whole, matters with us are no better, no worse. The Comet., A comet in now apparent to the terrestrials of this latitude. It may be seen low down on thse Western sky about 7 o'c-Jock P'. M., and resembsles thme tailed visito, r flast Fall A meeting of the citizens of. Edgefield village was held on the morning of the 4th instant, to take into censieationthe propriety of ha'ing our town repre sented in the Commercial -Convention to assemble in the city ofJharleston, .on.. Monday, the .10th instant. .W. W.' A Dmss,.Esq., having been called to the chair, evtplaineil the objecr of the.teetfing briefr and appro priately, when R. T. Mims moved " that it is rightand propei thiat every part of -the State be represented in the approaching Convention," and "that the meeting forthwith proceed to appoint severiteen delegates.". The following is the list of the delegates: Hon. F. W. PicKENS, GY6 A.- ADDisoN, ARTHtUR SIaIKNs, BENJ. WALDO, Loti HiLt., Col. J. P. CAR. ROLL, G. D. Mits, Wm. Bn04,Ttos. . KEr, S. S Tomxis, T. 1'. MAGRAT1t, H. R. SPANN,. R. T. Mrxs, LxwiaJoxEs, Gen. :M.- L.- BONuAM; Wx. P. BEULR and: E t.aa'r BLAioD. It having been agreed that the poceedings he pub. lished, and that the d'legates receite their credentials from the Intendant, B. C. BavAN the meeting ad. journed. COmmercial cOovertion. We see that great preparations are making for the receptionanld entertainient o' the inemhers of this body, whieb is to meet in Ch aleeton on Monday next. The Railroads have all generously agreed -to give delegates a free passage down- upon their exhibiting proper credentials. A splendid.banquet is to he given to the Convention some day'of the week. An excur sion on the water for their benifitis to vary the occa sion. And grand fire-works will be put in reqjuisition to add splendor to the nocturnal hours. Every Dis trict in the State will be -re.presented, and delegations will be present from all- points of tle Southern conn try. Matters of high interestire to be -anvassed, and many able speeches are-lixikedfor. We were told the other day by a gentlemn jdst from Charleston, that the citizens of that placew ere deeply concerned to have every thing done si a.ngtble hospitality prompts, in the best possible style.. Success to them in their exertions! May complete triumpl-crown their spirited endeavors, and may the weedk be memorable in the city's annalt- ! Columbia and Namburg Railroad. The subscriptions to this road in Edgefiid District have scarcely amounted to fifty. thousand dollars. Whether it will stop at this ur'ict, we are unable to say. Some think that amount may yet be doubled. We hope so sincerely, but have our fears. The stock is taken conditionally, the condition being that the road run upon the Ridge route. The Columbia sub criptio6is have not reacledlo,oo. The Lexington amount is somewhere aboer,4o0000. AtlHamburg and Augusta nothing has been 'done. Unless the enter prise is taken hold of mgre rqnkly in other quarters, it wiltassturedly prove a riliulotis flash. And this would be.t pi'y. A beastifulproject like this knocked into a cocked hat all of a qindden !-it would really be too bad., Hqwever, tle people along the contemplated line.know best what they galt. and how much they are able to give for what ihey- want. It is not-for us to meddle with others' bOVigsp. While wetink that this railroad, if well built, would be as good stock of the kind as anyin the cu'u'p we yet are clear for every. man's ex.ercising proper onsideration as t3 the propriety of every investmengpf(.hi; own funds. WX weie in this city aday ortwo last week, and spent a very agreeabli time a ti Augusta Hotel, tnow kept hjr. W. P. STiah'fiirnierly of the Carolina Iltel, Charleston. - His- tikbleV is a comfortable and, we may add, an excellenteode._We confess-to liking his styhi'of supper especialLtrith plent y of hot homi ny, warm meats, well-ittled waffes and smoking 'attercakes, besides any q ~hity of nice refections. When -in town, people expect generally to sit up late' and why not ;alie in a good(..supply of wholesome victualwat once, instiadbfjth'yintg back for-those per. nicious 10 o'clock suppers. ,Mrs. STrA aa was formerly Mrs. .WEstr anti many, havekgown her elsewhere as an energetic and skilful landlasiy.' We commend the Augusta, under its present' :proprietors, to the public atilarge. - - -'* -.t.... Auguz'ta is' a ilessattcityrg 11er people are polite ad einsiderate, kind aiM~iot' ligept. Augusta is also qite a stirring city. iHer trchants, aind men<> s'uss geinerally are a'et~vfand Elieeru',taon'and accomodating. 11er tradF, eyen at this period of the season, is evidently adtriting and a profstabhe one. Aane,ws~lkis up.. and djwl~goedt street, he ,can bt -e str-qck .witbittie .nuzngbr o,~f han~dsomely arranged establishments tof various kindis. We will start, for instap~nge at the. afore-mentioned hotel arid walk tup on thaffde. First, we come to several very n'eat Stores iiih's basement tof the build. ing from whaich we sei onit. Con.picuon'among these, i, FOGAnTr's Dhrug Stitre, afid CL.AYToN & lltGoN'~s Clthing Shosp-both excellent -places' in their line, as we learned by experience. Not long -after we cen to DoNrEs' Hard ware House, one j".tl y celebrated in all ihiesi parts. We bought:. the best knife there we have seen in ten years.:''Ahhtui il tis House tdoes not advertise with is yet we "make no Bones" in saying that its proprietOr Iias ivery -thing of the best in liis lake establishiment.-/We go on usp, and after a f'w steps, come to the old Dryr. oods Store of J., P. STaK..- This is the old. French Hlouse of the City, and has a long list of Atanding cutsto'meru'. :We al ways are sure of getting a genuine article at Srarze's. -Not much furthieron we $d Vot.A's Cigar Store, which is-tine of the very bst in, the Soth. . Then come several oilier well fixed- shops, which we canniot stop~lere tornotice, as Sr.tA a's magnificent establish ment is right before its.. 'We go in, - and find rustlitng silks and gay bonnets moling to and frto, as each one's lancy calls for this article' or that. Busy clerks are daiig from shelf to shelf in eager haste to accom modate anid please the ladirs, Thme fact is Sns:am's Augusta Store would be very respectable itn Broad. way, and so we bid him booid day. Pasing on, w next conme to WARD & Bunctp.an's, a n:ew store, es tablishetd in enmnexion withas large New York house and conduncted on cash principles. W. & 11. seem to Ihave laid in aselect stock, chieijof fine govds. They exhibited to us some exquisite specimens c~f various fabrics; and we were obliged to conclude tl:at ana mirable taiste had been exercised, either by W. & B. or their New York co-partner.. We leave them now and gd im to Mtr.LER & WAR aFN', a Baptist house, where the useful and ste lovely are foound in elegant abundasnce.-WeS should not otniit to mention here that A LDRIen & RovAl, are tin this side of Broad street .with their large Sitoe-store, where every kind of foot-furnituire catn be hadc at mod erate prices.-We go on op a littde higher a nd thien c-rossirg over we find .ourself at the dour sI' fttaar BatOTII aS As usual, a .cruoyd is gathered around their counters, some pirying, some buying, a]i eyeing the splenidid goods so p-fd J'ifbrea ouit before them. But we must hurry'on down having onily time to greet old LA xsaci, (that prince of conliectioners,) and to say "good day" to TIIAYER as. lie standls in the door of Is popular family-grocery. And here we are at LA.LRas-Teo-rs corner. LAL.LtEDT is one of out men. Plain and strait-forwa.- as a tman can well be, he yut well'understands unfolding the beauties of his store to ~the ladies and gentlemen 'who so frequently trop in upon htis attention ; while his obliging young clerk, Mr. W. of'Etdgelield, is over ready to second the ef",rtam of his senitar. - From LALLEasTKDT's to CLARK's is perhaps the most complete " row." in Angusta. NEwvtt, CRANE., CnAFFEE, CA'TLIN, OAT-s and others are strewed along here; it is unnieceussary, after mentioning thtese names, to remark that the row is a brilliant one day and night. Still below this square, we have several acquaitances of merkl in the commercial line, butiwe have said enongh at preit.i sufice it to repeat in conclusion, that Augusta is a lively, thrifty, pileasant place. Liking the place and -people both, as we do, we heartily wish :hem all luck anad happiness, fronm his Ho.nor, the Mayor, down to the rsansage merchant who hangs out his links near the lower market. A&rctic Temperature. The author of a book on the "Grininel Expedition" to the Arctic sees, thus speaks of the effects of Arctic "Nthing more distinctly marked the extremity of the cold than the transformations wrought in various articles of provIsions. Not a thing but 'suffears a cold change .:.nto something new and strange.' A fair geologic'al cabInet might have been furnished from these indurated specimens. Dried nipples and peacheii assumed the appearance of chialcedisny ; with difficulty-sepainted by a chisel; bttr and lard were passable marble ; pork .and beet were rare speci mes of Florentine mosaic; while a barrel of lanmp Iol, sitripesh of the staves, resembled a sandstone gar FOR Till ADVERTISER. ATn & NIE -SX.AIL ROAD. Shall the people of Edgefield village sit with fold ed arms while all the world beside is full of life, energy and enterprise t Shall we see. oi stores chsed, our meiclhiits abandoning -us,- our citizens offering their honses and property for sale; enger. to get away-anl shall we stiil laosk on with listless eyes anl lifeless nerves ? Shall we denothing to keep the stprigs-of business in motion ? Shall we allow the whole curreht of our le-s to stagnate 1 The most heedless'eannt fhil to see that a spirit of enterprise must begin to display.. itself among usa, or soon a death-like calm w4l come upon All ihat per; tains to the wealth and prisperity of our eilluge. When half the' stores of the pTace are efsed and when many of the choicest residences are actually fir sale, does it require the ken of a prophet to fore tell a serious decline in the valae of teal estate and other village property ? What are we to come to u nk-es we shake off this sluggish indifirence and clothe ourselves in the proper energy and manliness of nature ? Will no one ioneh fur' the enterprise and the liberality of our citizens ? The cause of. our d-elineiany be stated in a single phrase: we are behind'the age in which we lime. We are standing stlil while ..every .body .lse is movin- on. Wo are sleeping, while others are wide awake, thinkine, acting, improving. Under this state of quiet inactivity can we expect to grow in wealth, intelligence and general prosperity? Can we think to retain a thriving and a contented pop.u lation ? Can we hope to avoid emigration I Shall we he surprised to hear 4- many valuable citizens selling out and lenving us ? The truth is. Rail Road facilities are demanded by the necessities of theage. Husiness. intelligetc, convenience call for tho m. Without thenm these cannot now live and thrive. Along the line and at the ternini of the Rail Roads cluster the fruits of .genius, enterprise anl epital. The mechanical arts, manufactures. mnercantile business, general in telligence bloom and flourish there as the Rose in the gurden. All these here conce-ntrate the in t.-nsity of their farce, an.1 display the grandeur of their results. if Rail Roads are not brought to .these, they wi'l gi to the Rail Roads. Thewillandt genius of the age have so ordered it. and all the old fashioned obstinacy of old-schoolism cannot change it. - These remairks. Mr. Editor. are prelimnary to the conclusion tao %hich we wish to lead the initis of our citizens viz: That unless we bring a Rail Road to our streets, we must necessarily lie left be hind all our sister towns, in wealth, in the conve niences (if life, and in all that looks. to the general welfare of our village. - Now is a very proper time fer us to ponder over this result. . AfRnil Road from.Columbia to llani hurg is seriously :agitated, and must and will be built.. Time will, also, surely bring into exist.-nee another Road running from, New-market, or Ninety six in Abbeville Distriet, to Aiken. H ave none ef the sage capitadists and prop.-rty-holders about our Yillage cast their thoutlits ahead to view the proba ble (we might lay the certain) effects of these two enterprises upon the welfare *of our little town ? Let the Columbia and hlamburg Rooad pass by or near the Pine l4ouse (there is no chance of its comling nearer to usO) and let the A ikena and Nine ty-six Road pass by Lott's, or, if yoiu plese', sis mnik-s nearer this way-whlat then we ask, is tat he come of the prosperity of thu's oiur little: townt ? - Where then will be siur mnerchants an I ne chianie. -the boane anal sinew air every villa~te anad town1I You will flnd them snpagly quartered a-n thae Rail Roadl, partaking aif thae spirit of aetivity and' etner gy, which the steaam-engtinae anever flails to excite. Think youa, mnerchaats aand mtechania ir here can coma pete uith thtose there I With inasiynilicant renats, with nmercandtaize and materials lanaded at their ier) doorr., with the.erowd of; persons attracted thtithet lay the life, the activity, the intelligence borne aleont On .te,wings oif steama, thte latter would soon draws our custoam away fromn us, anad' new villages woul :pring up to rival and break tItie dlown.. It m~ay noiw exeate surtprise to see see ral aif aaur staores chosaig up-it would then be surpirising if amost a, :all sahotulad noat be closed. Where naiw thec track i: beatean, andl the side-walk atnd the g:..r-lena shoiw mtarks aaf a ecultivatedl tahte., then grass woiubil sprint upl in iour streets and nteghict would manaifest itsel ian everythinag arandta. Mlerehaant andl nmechauies Lawyers atnd D~octors, citizens, o-ne anad all, whose interests lad themt to dwelt in toiwns aand valages, wiiuldl seek the Ratil Rad, anad there thtey waiuld renmain. Lots in aur village that now commanal from $3,001) to $6,tn0, maighIt thetn be obtainted faa, hanlf their pre-senat vatuti. Decay anal glaoaam wouald be seen, toa rear their ugly. fraints- eve-rywheare in our eurpaarary liaaits, raid thte inhtabit ants waauld searca 1y haave.thae spirit to ask fair a re-chaartaer of 'their cin'e beautiful anda. flour sinag littl town. Is this. lr;Elitar, a aaere funey sketch ? Let those whto -boast aaf thteir -practienl wisdaio refleeci o umaly on thtese things, aand thtey will fid alas! toc much truth itn 1,h picture .to doubt thec unaplansat realty. Meat needl naat fornr thteir judgmnent on these naat taers fromaa thme state of thintgs whlach precedie the Ibauilading air Rail Rinds amnong us. Beentuse a'ur villinge htas proaspereda up to this timae, it is not toa ba ianferred it would caintinue tao prosper when Rail Roads shlall be buailt itn our vicinaity, leavitag its in at1 insulated paosition. A new oarder oif things will aris;-, wht ch it will he iatpossible for us to withastasad We cannot resist the powerful influenwe aif Ral Rads when broughat (viliin a distance toa affect us, It wouald he useless to try. It would he. like fighit:ntg the ianlabitaants aof the moaoan. Our eifforts waulad be ab.mat as uaaavailinag as thle attnek of thec Piney. wooid's Bull uapia thec engiane in mtttiim. Rlail Reana ereate actual necessitii s that entnot be succesrfully resisted by men air cities. See hiow Chiarlestan ia already gronaning uander thec weighat of the Wia'minag tan aand Mantebeaster iland I Yet we, the paeaalel al~ a little Borotugh, thinak we may be moare thana a amatch for evena sao great nat enterpirise as that aaf thae Rabunt Gap Rad, extenaded to .Aiken iad Charlea taon. W1hat a snguine peoplle we arc ha cona.iama ! No I let uts noat hae alaeeived :thais Rondl .wdl be thec ruina of usa untless we briang it withtin our corpor' limits ! Ouar course, thten, is maarked out .by strong con siaderntiaons of wisadam ard policy, anal thte failure tc adaipt that course, will, we venture to prediet,enm-e in the mainds of aiur citizens, long anal lastirg regrets. A false step nowv aade, euan never be rvcoveread. We maust take an active part in the structure ar) the Rail Road fromt Aiken to Ninety-six. Th a Roan-muat sootner or latter be bit. ''The necessi t'e.s of trade will demnand it. A subscripioan by out people of $75,Ott0 or $100,00)0, will secure its pas sage tharaaugh our village over a way entirely practi. eable. What diflicualmy enan there be itt rntisinag thais amount of maaney int a regiun whtere so nmuch wealth abonds I What is this sum comtpared wvith thte Ian. miense jadvianinges thaat must neecrue to the village ini the great fiutture wvhicht is before us and our echil. dreni ? This nmouniitt of money will nectualty be siae itn a short time by avoiading a great falling aefl in the btusiness aif the village, and by preventing the itevitabile depreciation of proaperty tat nmust take place if the R~oad runs some miles alistant. But, apart from,, these negattive results. who enn justly estimatte the positive benefits of tis Road to our villagei Recaollect, this will be a pernaanent, p:y ing entcrpise, the advantages of wichl will nmulti ply and incereasee in all time~ to come ! Somne of 't results arc obvious. It will bring us inito direct c-ommtunic-ation wvith the east and wvitht the far west, It will place us on the great line of travel fraom the West and the North, atal will thius bring thousands of travelle-rs to our very doors. It wiill thronag out streets with lire atnd busintess of every descriptiona. It ...mlcilag ..the ,dc of ur P mer.hatits build un mnnubctories :-open an inviting field to the meenan ieal arts vaid will enhance he- taMe of our proper ty. It will moreover bring us into daily contact with'.the great streams of intelligence flowing from the East and from the West, and from every part f-the orld. -Itwil1 serve to make our people con tented pis'eirow; happy and sociabl. Instend- of stores.to reit'.there .weild then be stores to be uit; Instead- of sellers,.ibere would be Oyere of priva.te residences. Luxuries. comforts, conveni eniees, wyill be gathered~efore our doors in, tast f.il display, exhibiting every variety of merchantable commodities to gratify the laney and to feed. the a; petite In view of these large benefits, how can we-pause to estimidethe comparatiiily small cost of this no *e en'erprise;. In this work our village is deeply. deeply interested' It is our last and only chance for a Rail Road. Think of that. And should the Rond be built in as1other direction, we can never. nevi r recover frotn the injurious effiets upoon us. Let-our peopletherefore, awake to a just view of this. n ot ter. Let them take the initiative step in thisgrent work, and carry it on to a successful terminanion. If the amount of money above indicated be-raised, there can scarcely be a doubt that the Rond wil be 4uilt. and brought directly through our village.. Fvllow'-ci'iens:i'when shall we meet to diseurs and net in the prmeisesI What generous. enterpriz ing citizen of wealth will take thee laa ? WhoistIhe man? Let him step frorwar.,mand he wil be demed a public benefactor to our Town. A VILLAGER. - ARRIVAL OF THE CANADA. THE stenmer Baltic had not arrived out.. The Niagara and Cambria will return to the United States. The Brokers quote Middling Orleans at 5 11-16 to 5J. Fair Mhobile z6n;1-4; MiddlinE 51 t .5 11-16. Miiddling Upland 5 9.16 a 5 9-16 i 51. Stock, exclusive of that on shipboard. 675.00o bales, of which 358.000 were American Rice quiet Common Rosin firm at 64. to 6.. 3d; fine 12s 6.1. Spirits Turp-tine 56 a 57.. Colli-e nnchanged. 1here is a limited lu-i ness doingy in Sugar, htt orices are unchanged with a moderate demand. The Czar's answer could not arrive until the 17 or 18th. England and France had resolved to decline all proapoitions from Prussia for the resumption fof iegotiations between the westerin powers and Rowia. and to increase their armaments. There :1id been a general decline in Bread sttff in the French markets. The subscriptions to the French loan hadnl.. ready.renchioed over tfiree hundred nillions. Thirty thonsaid Russians were employed.ih cutting a channel in the. iceI front Cronstadt to Sohiborg. A Treaty between the Porte and the Wi-% tern .power. has beepn concluded on the bais Ilrady known. The allied fleets were.at. Beycos. The Rus. sian fleet at Sebasiopol. P1russia holds back, although professing to act with the aillies-.. The French hioan is taken with eagerness in France. Thert! hnd'hen. no movements of importanee on the Daunhe or in Aia. Kltfitt continues to Ito. strengthened, and Russia has n-peuded her iiteitifon of atta-king that p!ace, lout is threatening instead Galatre-, Br.diecu, Orniar, and also mecr.neintg variuus.other pois. '- - Prince Paskiewitch woiuld soon~ insprot the -toops on the Dtnnhe. It is reported thatt the first operations of: the anglo-French armty will be to at tack Sebastopol by lanid iand the flrets by sei. 'T'he R nisi;-ms wsere* foarify-ing interior- uitiee of Woi a-lain nnd M olavia. Workmen, were o:rengthening. the fiortifienxionis at $ebastopol, Ordesa, Cronstadt, Waldberg, Slaborg, and the entrance to Dioriper. WSTRL'rTroIss To 31 . SOULE.-TheC Ne'ss Yori Sun. savs it 10u6ns fromn private- 7snros.Zhal Soeretarv Mairev - has insirnered Mr. Sol6..oni *Miuitt atadirid; to. muiki- the de-nand f,.r in. demityv an-d agpolngy in -the- must psremnplorm manner; anid shtesuthr (ie Spnisti governmteni hesitate, or pn ooff itA reply, under parett ence 0 waiting' for infiorumationi fromt Hivann, Mr. Sontk is to lose no- time in comnmunicnting the fact to Wasshinigton, wheni our governmen~it wil.l piroceet ins-taniter to blockade every Cubatn po)t." BEQUEST -OF THE HloN. KER BflWE.-Wo leairn that the will of the lion. Ker Boce~ ha hee-n opented, anid samte miagniticenut be-quests arn fotund to have beenu ma~de to ptiblie nndecharitabhl itstitutions in tis city. i is stated that the snu of Ten Thtonsanid Doallaors hane~ beenu eivgen tao thie Orphin Honse, Tent Thloausand for estabalishuing: school for the poear at Graniieville, nnd Thtirti Thonsuind Doillars to the Choarleston College Thel bequest, to the Cha~rleston College is fair iho eduention of poor yoaig tmen, to-he :epoyited bj lis soon, Rev. at.. P. ileaee, antd, at hais.death-, by~ the Truistees 4of- thou Chiarleston Caak-ge. -lt ii provided, we unde-rstand. that in enne the-chool in Griiiiteiille should ever toe dliscoontinuedi. the haetest to t haut inistittioan is to e-nisne to thte'lae'tic fit oaf the lhnrestonm Orpahant Hougsoe. The will ci f Mr. B~oyce land beeni in keepinig oaf .i~ nnninig ano lby him was depjosited yester'day with thn Ordionary oaf t his city.'. The persions ippaointeod to (eic the will are, Judlge O'Nenil, the Re-v. J '. Boover-, A. G. R ose rtnd Col. Whtitesidle. at Chattuonoogn-, and-it is estiniated thuat the proaperty lcft by the deceased, will be a little less than: million anid a half. I8AvAssAH RivER VAi.t.EY RAItOAD.-WI understand that the snrvey oan this Road w ill be completed friamn H-ambury'to this pahire rai tot-day The Road as marked out will, pass by D)orn's Gold M1inie, .and .Loawndesville. The highoel gradei is said to.ble abount fifty-two fee-t. Thi reaute is ascertniini-d to b.. a spalendlid oe. We wish the work mnetih .,uecess.-Andessont Advo cate. TinE CUn.t Sn.AvE 'TAnE.-600~ Afrie-nt w1ere re-cenitly landed near Tr illn dea Cuha hey were, houwe-ver, seized byv ;n othier in comn mand oaf a deticneet niear that piee a;khoau:g it is alleged the Governor of it had rece'ved on thousand ounces to permit the slaves to be landed YEssEL BURNED.-The sloop Yisiter, Dromin go Galiia. inanter, whicoh left Savanniah, at 10 ' elock oan Wednesday moarning. with ar carro 50, 00,brickst 50 bhols lime, and 500 bushels oef cr, for D. L. Clinch. 'an the Satilla rive-r. when neni T'iiunderhoalt was discovered to be on tire, causeS hy the sea breaking over her bows-it blowing fresh at the time-and the water getting it through the hatch ways to the lime. Thte hatehe, were taken oaff when the flanmes bursted out. She was imnmediately run nahtore, setiied and sunik, and the flames thierebay suippres.'edi. Stae i. now under water, nothing to be seen but the mu~st. She belonged to the .Captaini amid Mr. Stetvnrt Anistin. The cargo wvas shaippe-d by R. H-abershamn and Son. No insnritnee ou citheri vessel or enrgo.-Savannah Georgiano. THE remains of the hite John IHoward Payne, the author oaf a" Hiome, Swe~et Home, "aro to be brought to the United States for inierment. in thae Congressionial burial ground, and a mnumiuent erected to his memory at the cost of the Govern. DEBT Ts EUBoPE.-The funded debt of all the Eroapennu Snttes is, in the aggregate, a bout $9,. 590,000,000, or S-13 for each itnhabitant. Swit. zerlanid is the only Europeain country ouit of debt. As a war is imminent,nuil these countries are mr the market as borrowers, some with and somne wihonot credlit, so that the people have thet pros pect Ear a considerable addition to their alre.ady burthensome taxes. PauLANTRioriC.-M ajor Gibbs, who has been getting up a company in Chicngo. to emnigrdite to Nebraska, has run away with the funds raised by the volunteers. The Majear, we learn, isa ninoisy Ifree soiler, and a violent enemy to the Nebraska bill. * Tie the vicinity of Batngor, Me. the snow is aboul twoa feet deep, and in thIe woods five feet. The - Btant5, on the astmait,y'9016 Esq;, Mr. Rea. TURNnR alias Rossosx Ca 4z, the eigWy-forth year of his agejt M 141 u& TAvrLow. all of this District. -orrespondent* of Ike Adtiestiser. IIM.BUJRG,A peU., - Cnrrox.-During the weeb wading to-day,- tr Market has been somewhat irregular In p e-s. In th early part of the week prices was full,. iiitli. demand good; but yesterdayiand t-day st, iive been made at 1-4 eta. decine on all goalit'-,0mnd the week closes with a dull uscirket. Stock-on hand 1st inst. 4,291 bales,-mnme time ,lat yCTar-4.b52. . The decrease in the Receipts at all the Nts gi comparel aith- last year is G3,482.bahep We quote sales to-day at 7 to 9 .r-whibb is. about the extremes of our Market;, J. Religious NOtO. Tn Union Meeting.,of the; Ynorth ijleU of the Edgefield Baptist Associntion,'-w 'esndve at the Miunt Lebanon Cifurch, nine miaw.. 14nIrL Road, from 11amburg, on Friday ' 10s Sabbath in April. WVe hope the.ipetigi)e. fully represented by Delegates fsmailhbe haeth es.. We also af'ect;vntely ibvkv .iaelhisthma to attend. - . rother G.T1. Cuzrr of Georgie is aips,$ to preach the itroduetory sevrnwa, and Brother S. P. Grrzme. his Alternate. Ji. G. DAGNE1L, C . - For Conagres. -. 51a. EDITOIL:-Please annonee..j... BROOKS as a Candidatt ftir re-elvetoi t #tpre scnt the Fourth Congressiial -Distief,-sising 4f Edgefield, Abbeville, Lauren, -New b T ingtoin,' in the nuxt Congress, which elivws l41 be held in October next, and thereby .-geatl - lige i. ANY FRIENDS. - TnE Friends of Col. A. C. GARL1XOGTONY respectfully announee him s'a Candidate 'to repr vent the 4th Congreiiomd Dvistriet,.at :thielStk in October jiext. - - i Corcordia Lodge, No.0,. Fs EDGEFIELD C. I1, ArnI., 1854.1 H AVING been requested -y the'.Dirreters of the Odd Fe!lows' and laonisie Building/cs soeiation to Lay the Corner Stone of -heirrNir Iall. on the 21st., there will be a -Procession and Oration delivered on the 'mceasi"a by Worshipful Brcother ALBErtT G. lACKICT.' - - . Brethren in gioid standing are Fraternally invited to attend. A. G.'TEXGUE, ,Sc..., A.pril 5 3t ' Washington Division, No, 71 SONS OF TEMPERANCE1Y REGULAR Mertitg of this-Division will be hld in -their Hall on Thurlday, evening taw, at 7 J'delock. ' ' A larg- attendance is desired as mneb importiat business will -he briought before the Division. - Come lirethiren. one and all. BIy order of the W. M. A pril 5 .t 1 EDGEFIELD COLLEGIAT$ INSTITUTE 2~ EOR YOUNG LADIE-, Rev. . A., RA WMOND, PrincIpaI 75 Ponta nAVE r..%-rFx. siaca 16vn er.76'Y '1311E~ SUCMERR Session wi l.conimence-an .Loinilay. A pril 24th. The- Acae'aeier1 building- conaiuitlAg of 4elght eninaiiliinus Rlooms is fim-ly Itirnishc'dirith i-v y ting neessary to a ete ios t ra -iis4 i-cate~r advantni~ci-enn'b&anywrkefe~ etia441~f 1rescribedl canri-e of Studies is s ar neang.'-Act .If thie .upils remnain l..nue ccncugh at the t1satthit'tc pursue~ it regular'y. tinty cenn hardly mit e irscitfI~g n liberal mnd fimished i-dienticsn: ain-the IEr course a thoiroughl kugwkldge of the line-artia. Pupils encn enter..at any- timle, ied if near the middle icr ehise of the .$essi-en. are charge but frns th~e tie of entrance.- All vuch.'dc uticita ho~weve-r date frim thei clcose inf the 5er-j.1jid 'w.k' f tint S$bssioni. lis%.<if tiine freais s~eknee. if of inpure than tceni weeiks is alien deducted. ThIc. tates cit Ttiucn a'r.-' ejnnformed to thoe ~hf other ln-titutiiona sf.thse ai.- ifradie. Pnaytnt are , tic he biade at the cle i each ~sioh. 'The tl Inwinglist include'all Expenses per~Session' of: 14 Weeks.. Cccll-aiite lDepartmient......... ....l5 (M Aendeie dlo -'..'.----1 Primiary do ... -.57 00~ nid $5 0 1.npls. us'ng tiw Phihiep~hical Apparatus. are. chacrg/de Extra $2.00t per acssiocn. And all l'upilo arc chanrgedl u5 etm ec, a Sessioh, for cennting-neies.. Extra Branmchen.. Musie........................$ French......................... 8 190 Jhrawing........................ 80 Oil Pniniting......................15 Wn There is no charge-foir use of Pian. l'uapils prae tiing at th. lnstituite'ari, howerver charged4 SI. eaels .'essiicn, tc piay for ke-eping the~ Piane.a in tune. 1Board, with washing, lights andC fuel $10 per mncth. Theicre are- no other cxtra' eharges, except fear Bouks and Music s..ld. S. F. (0001E, ,I E. PENN, Trustees (G. A. AI>DISON, A. SI.\KINS.J Aprii5 . tV 12 Plasteriuag Laths. 0000Oo PLASTERING LATIlS,OUr nntd tour and a half feet hbng, face -sale Ii--.. A pply at Plank Ronid Mtill, 10 miles shoave llamhuru. or toc 11. A. K ENItIlK.-i Ilicnhiurg. April 3 tt 1 FFor sale! FINE C.\RRI.\G a nd Il0hSES fir Sale. The Carringe is of the finest style and nearly new. Sole1 fur no fault-the owner going away.. AlipplY at this Offiec, icr to E. N.Se-ibels, near tit. Wilingj. Jusft Rceived. .. A.1E.\LUTIF U l assortnent of F LO WE R Cinac Ware,-stney, gilt anitl lowered. Alsci, tine.jewel Stands, Cologne Bottles, Card Trays, lFruit laskets, liird Glasses, dre. Also,, a great varice:y of Gjilt China (Ornaments andl Tiys;~-vor sale low by - J.'A:0 UR LEY. A prl 1, tf 12 Fanis, Fans.~ IULST received a aire and TIid esortmenut eJ FA NS, of beautitul sty v;fo~sale very cheap by * * -.A4URLEY. A prilli tf 4 12 2xn REGlIM ENTCAVAkY, LInERY U.L., Mar. 31, 1854. ORDER NO. illE~- Edgeric11Squadron of Cavalfwill acr . nt Edlge field C. ii., on Satebrdh the- *9tf A pril next, armed and equipped a te la* diets, for 'Drill aiid Review. The Comnmissciined and non-Comminiioned OMi-. ens wilt assemblle the day previous forDrill ind'sh struction. By ordeer of -.1. F. TA LBERT, Cccl. 2nd Regimnent Caary. J. M. LAsnu, A dj't. A pril 5 St 12' No tic e, I E Partnership formed between Jas.jti LIAMS anid Suitaoi CuaiTiE-r, havingb4i~ solved by unmtual consent, the liquidadion ana et of the business of the Firmu will be conductedI elusiely by $. Cuas-ri. S. ('HRIST[E, dAs. A. W1LLuA~I-s A pril 4 f I Fresh FlOu.!MN JUST received 6,O00 Lbs.GOO)DCOUN1TR.Y FLOUR in inek .n fur saleb 3 'LOR, n ScksG.n L. PENN, 4osr Apnril4eNI